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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785160/observational-study-of-the-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-jaws
#1
Andreea Elena Lungu, Madalina Anca Lazar, Andrada Tonea, Horatiu Rotaru, Rares Calin Roman, Mindra Eugenia Badea
Introduction: The bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw was first referred to in 2003. Bisphosphonates action is focused on the osteoclasts. The drastic inhibition of the osteoclastic function is harmful for the jaws which are the only bones of the human skeleton in relative contact with the external environment. The adverse effects of the bisphosphonate-related therapy include the pathology for which they are prescribed, the atypical fractures in pathological bone. Method: The aim of this research was to analyze the risk factors and the treatment methods in case of osteonecrosis of the jaws...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784430/microvascular-decompression-for-hemifacial-spasm-surgical-techniques-and-intraoperative-monitoring
#2
M Sindou, P Mercier
Primary hemifacial spasm with few exceptions is due to the vascular compression of the facial nerve that can be evidenced with high resolution MRI. Microvascular decompression is the only curative treatment for this pathology. According to literature review detailed in chapter "conflicting vessels", the compression is located at the facial Root Exit Zone (REZ) in 95% of the cases, and in 5% distally at the cisternal or the intrameatal portion of the root as the sole conflict or in addition to one at brainstem/REZ...
May 18, 2018: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783235/-statistical-information-about-the-inflammatory-processes-of-the-jaw-facial-part-in-children
#3
Pavlo I Tkachenko, Serhii O Bilokon, Nataliia M Lokhmatova, Vitalina O Dobroskok, Olha B Dolenko, Nataliia M Korotych, Yuliia V Popelo
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The acute and chronic inflammatory processes prevail in the structure of the dental surgical diseases in children. Notably, various forms of lymphadenitis, adenophlegmon and odontogenous osteomyelitis dominate in the specialized surgical units; however, it is not possible to resolve a number of organizational problems without clear understanding of the statistical situation. The aim: The paper is aimed at the analysis of the incidence rate of major nosological forms of the acute suppurative inflammations of the maxillofacial area in children for the prospective planning of arrangements to provide them with high-quality specialized care...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780303/closed-loop-deep-brain-stimulation-for-ptsd-addiction-and-disorders-of-affective-facial-interpretation-review-and-discussion-of-potential-biomarkers-and-stimulation-paradigms
#4
REVIEW
Robert W Bina, Jean-Phillipe Langevin
The treatment of psychiatric diseases with Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is becoming more of a reality as studies proliferate the indications and targets for therapies. Opinions on the initial failures of DBS trials for some psychiatric diseases point to a certain lack of finesse in using an Open Loop DBS (OLDBS) system in these dynamic, cyclical pathologies. OLDBS delivers monomorphic input into dysfunctional brain circuits with modulation of that input via human interface at discrete time points with no interim modulation or adaptation to the changing circuit dynamics...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779613/facial-plastic-surgery-in-the-geriatric-population
#5
REVIEW
Ian Newberry, Eric W Cerrati, J Regan Thomas
Greater life expectancy with advancements in technology and medicine has led to an increasing interest in facial rejuvenation. Facial aging is an inevitable process that largely results from soft tissue descent and volumetric deflation. However, a comprehensive knowledge of the aging process and precise assessment of the exact pathologies yielding the patient's senescent appearance is essential to produce the best cosmetic outcome. The surgeon must evaluate each region independently and the aging face as a whole to ensure a pleasing, natural appearance...
May 17, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775027/-clinical-research-of-different-characteristics-of-fungal-ball-sinusitis
#6
M J Wang, B Zhou, Y C Li, S J Cui, Q Huang
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical features of different subtypes of fungal ball sinusitis. Method: Four hundred and forty-nine cases with fungal ball rhinosinusitis (FBS) were involved in this retrospective analysis. The clinical features including symptoms, signs, and imaging scans, pathological results were all collected for each patient and the patients were classified into different subtypes according to these clinical features and the follow-up treatment. Result: In this retrospective study, 449 patients who diagnosed with fungal ball sinusitis were involved...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768670/patients-affected-by-a-new-variant-of-endemic-pemphigus-foliaceus-have-autoantibodies-colocalizing-with-myzap-p0071-desmoplakins-1-2-and-arvcf-causing-renal-damage
#7
A M Abreu-Velez, M S Howard, H Yi, A A Florez-Vargas
BACKGROUND: We have previously reported that about 30% of patients affected by a new variant of endemic pemphigus foliaceus (EPF) in El Bagre, Colombia (termed El Bagre-EPF or pemphigus Abreu-Manu) have systemic compromise. In the current study, we focused on studying autoreactivity to the kidney and its pathological correlations. AIM: To investigate patients with El Bagre-EPF for renal compromise. METHODS: We performed a case-control study, enrolling 57 patients with El Bagre-EPF and 57 controls from the endemic area, matched by age, sex, race, work activity, demographics and comorbidities...
May 16, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766249/imaging-of-temporomandibular-joint-abnormalities-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-with-a-focus-on-developing-a-magnetic-resonance-imaging-protocol
#8
REVIEW
Elka Miller, Emilio J Inarejos Clemente, Nikolay Tzaribachev, Saurabh Guleria, Mirkamal Tolend, Arthur B Meyers, Thekla von Kalle, Jennifer Stimec, Bernd Koos, Simone Appenzeller, Linda Z Arvidsson, Eva Kirkhus, Andrea S Doria, Christian J Kellenberger, Tore A Larheim
Inflammation and damage in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) often develop without clinical symptoms but can lead to severe facial growth abnormalities and impaired health-related quality of life, making early diagnosis of TMJ changes crucial to identify. Inflammatory and osteochondral changes detectable through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) occur in TMJs of approximately 40% of children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and no other imaging modality or physical method of examination can reliably detect these changes...
June 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765825/early-career-surgical-practice-for-cerebellopontine-angle-tumors-in-the-era-of-radiosurgery
#9
Giannantonio Spena, Tommaso Sorrentino, Roberto Altieri, Luca Redaelli de Zinis, Roberto Stefini, Pier Paolo Panciani, Marco Fontanella
We analyzed the outcomes of patients with large cerebellopontine angle (CPA) tumors treated by a skull-base team in which two surgeons (one neurosurgeon and one otological surgeon) were in the beginning of their careers (<40 years old). Data of patients operated on between April 2012 and March 2016 were reviewed. All factors related to surgical training were considered. Thirty-one patients had vestibular schwannomas, while 26 had meningiomas. Mean tumor diameter was 30.6 mm (range, 23-49 mm) for schwannomas and 35 mm (range, 22-51 mm) for meningiomas...
June 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part B, Skull Base
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29755898/an-unusual-presentation-of-kikuchi-fujimoto-disease-with-recurrent-subdural-effusion
#10
Sara Shahid, Syed H Alam, Indira Hadley
A 24-year-old man complained of a right temporal headache for four weeks. The patient denied any trauma or previous anticoagulation use. He also reported tender right facial swelling. His physical exam was unrevealing except for right cranial nerve (CN) VI palsy, right parotid enlargement, and cervical adenopathy. Laboratory findings were significant for mild leukopenia at 3300 cells/uL. The computed tomography (CT) scan obtained showed a chronic left subdural effusion with a 4 mm midline shift and confirmed right parotid enlargement and cervical lymphadenopathy...
March 10, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745623/the-role-of-intraoperative-stroke-volume-variation-on-bleeding-during-functional-endoscopic-sinus-surgery
#11
Roberta Di Mauro, Fabiana Lucci, Federica Martino, Maria B Silvi, Eleonora Gidaro, Santo Di Lorenzo, Nicola Toschi, Stefano Di Girolamo, Mario Dauri
BACKGROUNDː Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) is a minimally-invasive surgical technique for patients with paranasal sinus pathology. Surgical bleeding reduces operative field visibility and increases the incidence of serious complications. Epinephrine injection into the nasal mucosa and controlled hypotension are used to minimise bleeding. Hypotension carries risks and sometimes does not reduce surgical bleeding. The goal of this study is to discover which haemodynamic parameter better correlates with surgical bleeding...
May 9, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745448/early-development-of-the-human-dentition-revisited
#12
REVIEW
Maria Hovorakova, Herve Lesot, Miroslav Peterka, Renata Peterkova
In this review, classical data on the early steps in human odontogenesis are summarized and updated with specific insights into the development of the upper and lower embryonic jaws to help in understanding some oral pathologies. The initial step of human odontogenesis is classically characterized by two parallel horseshoe-shaped epithelial laminae. These originate from the oral epithelium and an ingrowth into the jaw mesenchyme: the internal dental lamina gives rise to deciduous tooth primordia, while the external vestibular lamina represents the developmental base of the oral vestibule...
May 10, 2018: Journal of Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734937/primary-skull-base-lymphoma-manifestations-and-clinical-outcomes-of-a-great-imitator
#13
John P Marinelli, Mara C Modzeski, John I Lane, Jamie J Van Gompel, Janalee K Stokken, Gita Thanarajasingam, Matthew L Carlson
Objectives Primary skull base lymphoma (PSBL) represents a rare manifestation of extranodal lymphoma. Presenting with nonspecific symptomatology and imaging findings, PSBL often masquerades as more common cranial base pathology and thus can present a diagnostic challenge. The objectives of this study were to characterize the manifestations and clinical outcomes of PSBL. Study Design Case series and chart review. Setting Tertiary referral center. Subjects and Methods Review of 48 patients with PSBL treated between 1994 and 2016...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733533/hyaluronic-acid-dermal-fillers-in-the-management-of-recurrent-angular-cheilitis-a-case-report
#14
Alejandro Ismael Lorenzo-Pouso, Abel García-García, Mario Pérez-Sayáns
OBJECTIVE: To report conservative treatment based on the use of dermal fillers for a case of recurrent angular cheilitis. CASE REPORT: An 80-year-old patient with a history of recurrent angular cheilitis that was not resolved with a conventional approach sought treatment. Complete remission of the pathology was achieved with the injection of hyaluronic acid fillers. CONCLUSION: This case illustrates the potential of nonsurgical facial aesthetics (NSFA) for treating this common pathology among elderly people...
June 2018: Gerodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729463/radiosurgery-induced-anterior-inferior-cerebellar-artery-pseudoaneurysm-treated-with-trapping-and-bypass
#15
Motoyuki Umekawa, Hirotaka Hasegawa, Masahiro Shin, Mariko Kawashima, Seiji Nomura, Hirofumi Nakatomi, Nobuhito Saito
BACKGROUND: Stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) is an established modality for the treatment of vestibular schwannomas (VSs). However, its long-term vascular complications have not been well-studied. Among the 360 patients who underwent SRS for VS in our institution and lived for >5 years thereafter, we identified only 1 patient who exhibited complication due to a late-onset aneurysm; thus, the incidence was roughly estimated to be 0.3%. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 78-year-old man who had undergone SRS for a right VS, and presented with right peripheral facial palsy 19 years later...
May 2, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704388/unrecognised-igg4-association-in-progressively-transformed-germinal-centers-of-lymph-nodes-with-subsequent-full-blown-igg4-related-chronic-fibrosing-pancreatitis-a-case-report
#16
H J Son, H Lee, J H Kim, I K Yu, H Y Han
Progressively transformed germinal centers (PTGC) is a benign process characterised by a morphological variant of reactive follicular hyperplasia in lymph nodes. It was recently shown that some cases of PTGC are associated with IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) or increased IgG4 plasma cells. Five years ago, a 57-year-old woman presented with enlargement of multiple lymph nodes in the left parotid, submandibular, and neck areas, pathologically diagnosed as PTGC after excisional biopsy. Since then, she has experienced numbness in her extremities, especially the left shoulder and arm, pruritus on the left side of the face and intermittent facial palsy, for which she has been receiving regular symptomatic treatment...
April 2018: Malaysian Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702972/microsurgery-for-patients-diagnosed-with-neurofibromatosis-type-2-complicated-by-vestibular-schwannomas-clinical-experience-and-strategy-for-treatments
#17
Li-Hua Chen, Hong-Tian Zhang, Ru-Xiang Xu, Li Zhang, Wen-De Li, Kai Sun
Most patients diagnosed with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) have bilateral vestibular schwannomas (VS). Through reviewing surgical method and clinical outcomes, we tried to find out a strategy for treatments in NF2 patients with VS.We retrospectively reviewed patients diagnosed pathological NF2 and have had microsurgery (MS) for VS in the PLA Army General Hospital. Seventeen patients were included from January 2000 to December 2016. Fifteen patients had progressive hearing impairment, and 7 ears were totally deaf...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690969/molecular-pathogenesis-of-chewable-tobacco
#18
Saeeda Baig, Zile Rubab, Wasfa Farooq
In Pakistan, extensive use of several precarious chewable tobacco formulations has made oral cancer the second leading malignancy. Selection of literature was done by a survey of studies published from 1990 to 2017 mainly, from PUBMED and few from other search engines, on naswar, gutka, areca nut and betel quid, which included published reviews, original articles and other data sources on chewable tobacco, its epidemiology, pathological implications, and psychological effects. These studies have revealed that the chemicals in these formulations bind and mutate DNA of oral mucosa through down regulating cellular repair pathways and upregulating genetic networks associated with pathogenesis...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687400/the-neurobiology-of-human-crying
#19
REVIEW
Lauren M Bylsma, Asmir Gračanin, Ad J J M Vingerhoets
The production of emotional tears appears to be uniquely present in Homo sapiens. Despite the ubiquity of this human behavior, research is only just beginning to uncover the neurobiologic underpinnings of human emotional crying. In this article, we review the current state of the literature investigating the neurobiologic aspects of this uniquely human behavior, including the neuroanatomical, neurochemical, and psychophysiologic findings. To set the context for this review, we first provide a brief overview of the evolutionary background and functions of tearful crying...
April 23, 2018: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668590/a-case-report-of-lupus-erythematosus-tumidus-converted-from-discoid-lupus-erythematosus
#20
Xiaomei Chen, Sheng Wang, Li Li
RATIONALE: Lupus erythematosus tumidus (LET) is an uncommon type of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) that is rarely associated with other forms of lupus erythematosus. PATIENT CONCERNS: We report a 62-year-old Chinese man presented with recurrent erythematous facial plaques for 1 year and a low-grade fever for 1 week. He had been diagnosed as discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE) 1 year before. Physical examination showed diverse lesions, including prominent swelling of the eyelids, a few erythematous, edematous plaques on the left forehead, face, and neck, and 2 hairless macules...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
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