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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936282/metabolomic-data-suggest-regulation-of-black-howler-monkey-alouatta-pigra-diet-composition-at-the-molecular-level
#1
Katherine R Amato, Alexander Ulanov, Kou-San Ju, Paul A Garber
In addition to macronutrients, foods consist of a complex set of chemical compounds that can influence dietary selectivity and consumer physiology. Metabolomics allow us to describe this complexity by quantifying all small molecules, or metabolites, in a food item. In this study we use GC-MS based metabolomics to describe the metabolite profiles of foods consumed by one population of Mexican black howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra) over a 10-month period. Our data indicate that each food exhibited a distinct metabolite profile, and the average weekly intake of metabolites such as neochlorogenic acid and serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine) was correlated with the consumption of certain plant parts...
December 9, 2016: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936164/transcriptome-and-metabolome-analyses-in-exogenous-fabp4-and-fabp5-treated-adipose-derived-stem-cells
#2
Tokunori Yamamoto, Masato Furuhashi, Takeshi Sugaya, Tsuyoshi Oikawa, Megumi Matsumoto, Yasuhito Funahashi, Yoshihisa Matsukawa, Momokazu Gotoh, Tetsuji Miura
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSC), which exist near adipocytes in adipose tissue, have been used as a potential tool of regenerative medicine. Lipid chaperones, fatty acid-binding protein 4 (FABP4) and 5 (FABP5), are abundantly expressed in adipocytes. FABP4 has recently been shown to be secreted from adipocytes during lipolysis in a non-classical pathway and may act as an adipokine. Here, we investigated the role of exogenous FABP4 and FABP5 in transcriptional and metabolic regulation in ADSC. FABP4 and FABP5 were little expressed in ADSC...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935219/the-influence-of-a-chronic-l-carnitine-administration-on-the-plasma-metabolome-of-male-fischer%C3%A2-344-rats
#3
Christoph H Weinert, Michael T Empl, Ralf Krüger, Lara Frommherz, Björn Egert, Pablo Steinberg, Sabine E Kulling
SCOPE: L-carnitine has been advertised as a fat-lowering and performance-enhancing supplement, although scientific evidence for its effectiveness is lacking. The uptake of about 1-2 g of L-carnitine per day may result in the formation of metabolites like trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), which in turn may be converted to potential carcinogens or promote the development of cardiovascular diseases. METHODS AND RESULTS: To assess whether an L-carnitine supplementation changes overall metabolism or causes the formation of previously unknown metabolites, we analyzed plasma samples from Fischer 344 rats originating from a previous study 2 using a multi-platform metabolomics approach comprising LC-MS/MS and GC×GC-MS methods...
December 9, 2016: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935213/uhplc-q-tof-ms-based-metabolomics-approach-to-compare-the-saponin-compositions-of-xueshuantong-injection-and-xuesaitong-injection
#4
Changliang Yao, Wenzhi Yang, Jingxian Zhang, Shi Qiu, Ming Chen, Xiaojian Shi, Huiqin Pan, Wanying Wu, Dean Guo
Various traditional Chinese medicine preparations developed from Notoginseng total saponins, including Xueshuantong Injection and Xuesaitong Injection, are extensively used in China to treat cardio-cerebrovascular diseases. However, the difference of their saponin compositions remains unknown. An ultra high performance liquid chromatography with quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry based metabolomics approach was developed to probe the saponin discrimination between Xueshuantong and Xuesaitong and the related factors by large sample analysis...
December 9, 2016: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935189/epigenetic-regulation-of-the-glucose-transporter-gene-slc2a1-by-%C3%AE-hydroxybutyrate-underlies-preferential-glucose-supply-to-the-brain-of-fasted-mice
#5
Kosuke Tanegashima, Yukiko Sato-Miyata, Masabumi Funakoshi, Yasumasa Nishito, Toshiro Aigaki, Takahiko Hara
We carried out liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry analysis of metabolites in mice. Those metabolome data showed that hepatic glucose content is reduced, but that brain glucose content is unaffected, during fasting, consistent with the priority given to brain glucose consumption during fasting. The molecular mechanisms for this preferential glucose supply to the brain are not fully understood. We also showed that the fasting-induced production of the ketone body β-hydroxybutyrate (β-OHB) enhances expression of the glucose transporter gene Slc2a1 (Glut1) via histone modification...
December 9, 2016: Genes to Cells: Devoted to Molecular & Cellular Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935129/performance-comparison-of-esi-and-apci-in-untargeted-and-targeted-lc-ms-based-metabolomics-analysis-of-grapeberry-metabolites
#6
Mauro Commisso, Andrea Anesi, Silvia Dal Santo, Flavia Guzzo
RATIONALE: Electrospray ionization (ESI) and atmospheric pressure chemical ionization (APCI) are both used to generate ions for the analysis of metabolites by liquid chromatography/mass spectrometry (LC-MS). We compared the performance of these methods for the analysis of Corvina grapevine berry methanolic extracts, which are complex mixtures of diverse metabolites. METHODS: Corvina berries representing three ripening stages (veraison, early-ripening and full-ripening) were collected during two growing seasons, powdered and extracted with methanol...
December 9, 2016: Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry: RCM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934694/metabolomic-analysis-of-schizosaccharomyces-pombe-sample-preparation-detection-and-data-interpretation
#7
Tomáš Pluskal, Mitsuhiro Yanagida
Metabolomics is a modern field of chemical biology that strives to simultaneously quantify hundreds of cellular metabolites. Techniques for metabolomic analysis in Schizosaccharomyces pombe have only recently been developed. Here we introduce methods that provide a complete workflow for metabolomic analysis in S. pombe Based on available literature, we estimate the yeast metabolome to comprise on the order of several thousand different metabolites. We discuss the feasibility of extraction and detection of such a large number of metabolites, and the influences of various parameters on the results...
December 1, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934688/measurement-of-metabolome-samples-using-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-data-acquisition-and-processing
#8
Tomáš Pluskal, Mitsuhiro Yanagida
We present a protocol for metabolomic sample measurement using hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) combined with high-resolution Orbitrap mass spectrometry (MS). We also introduce a raw data processing method using MZmine 2 software, and include a list of 111 metabolite peaks (with their m/z values and retention times) previously identified in metabolome samples using this method.
December 1, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934687/preparation-of-intracellular-metabolite-extracts-from-liquid-schizosaccharomyces-pombe-cultures
#9
Tomáš Pluskal, Takahiro Nakamura, Mitsuhiro Yanagida
The success of metabolomic analysis relies heavily on the sample preparation protocol. Here we present a protocol for intracellular metabolite extraction from liquid fission yeast cultures based on rapid quenching in pure methanol at -40°C, bead-beating in 50% methanol for cell disruption, and 10 kDa cutoff ultrafiltration for removal of proteins. Samples are concentrated by vacuum evaporation and resuspended in 50% acetonitrile for mass spectrometric analysis. This protocol is optimal for extraction of polar metabolites such as amino acids, organic acids, nucleotides, sugars, or sugar-phosphates...
December 1, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934122/application-of-lc-ms-based-global-metabolomic-profiling-methods-to-human-mental-fatigue
#10
Zhenling Chen, Xianfa Xu, Jianping Zhang, Yongsuo Liu, Xianggang Xu, Lili Li, Wei Wang, Haishan Xu, Wei Jiang, Yan Wang
Mental fatigue is characterized by a reduced capacity for work and a loss of capacity to respond to stimulation and is usually accompanied by a feeling of tiredness and drowsiness. Mental fatigue at work is a serious problem and can raise safety concerns especially in the transportation system. It is believed that mental fatigue is a direct or contributing cause of road and air related accidents and incidents. Psychological studies indicate that fatigue results in reduced work efficiency, alertness, and impaired mental performance...
December 6, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934098/plantmat-a-metabolomics-tool-for-predicting-the-specialized-metabolic-potential-of-a-system-and-for-large-scale-metabolite-identifications
#11
Feng Qiu, Dennis D Fine, Daniel J Wherritt, Zhentian Lei, Lloyd W Sumner
Custom software entitled Plant Metabolite Annotation Toolbox (PlantMAT) has been developed to address the number one grand challenge in metabolomics, which is the large-scale and confident identification of metabolites. PlantMAT uses informed phytochemical knowledge for the prediction of plant natural products such as saponins and glycosylated flavonoids through combinatorial enumeration of aglycone, glycosyl, and acyl subunits. Many of the predicted structures have yet to be characterized and are absent from traditional chemical databases, but have a higher probability of being present in planta...
December 6, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933994/serum-metabolomics-analysis-of-quercetin-against-acrylamide-induced-toxicity-in-rats
#12
Shuang Yang, Can Cao, Shuai Chen, Liyan Hu, Wei Bao, Haidan Shi, Xiujuan Zhao, Changhao Sun
The current study aimed to investigate whether quercetin plays a protective role in acrylamide (AA)-induced toxicity using a metabolomics approach. Rats were randomly divided into groups as follows: control, treated with AA [5 mg/kg body weight (bw)], treated with different dosages of quercetin (10 and 50 mg/kg bw, respectively), and treated with two dosages of quercetin plus AA. After a 16 week treatment, rat serum was collected for metabolomics analysis. Biochemical tests and examination of liver histopathology were further conducted to verify metabolic alterations...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933993/food-fingerprinting-metabolomic-approaches-for-geographical-origin-discrimination-of-hazelnuts-corylus-avellana-by-uplc-qtof-ms
#13
Sven Klockmann, Eva Reiner, René Bachmann, Thomas Hackl, Markus Fischer
Ultraperformance liquid chromatography quadrupole time-of-flight mass spectrometry (UPLC-QTOF-MS) was used for geographical origin discrimination of hazelnuts (Corylus avellana L.). Four different LC-MS methods for polar and nonpolar metabolites were evaluated with regard to best discrimination abilities. The most suitable method was used for analysis of 196 authentic samples from harvest years 2014 and 2015 (Germany, France, Italy, Turkey, Georgia), selecting and identifying 20 key metabolites with significant differences in abundancy (5 phosphatidylcholines, 3 phosphatidylethanolamines, 4 diacylglycerols, 7 triacylglycerols, and γ-tocopherol)...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933982/metabolic-effects-of-cobalt-ferrite-nanoparticles-on-cervical-carcinoma-cells-and-nontumorigenic-keratinocytes
#14
Ana Beatriz Bortolozo Oliveira, Fabio Rogério de Moraes, Natalia Maria Candido, Isabella Sampaio, Alex Silva Paula, Adriano de Vasconcellos, Thais Cerqueira Silva, Alex Henrique Miller, Paula Rahal, Jose Geraldo Nery, Marilia Freitas Calmon
The cytotoxic response, cellular uptake, and metabolomic profile of HeLa and HaCaT cell lines treated with cobalt ferrite nanoparticles (CoFe2O4 NPs) were investigated in this study. Cell viability assays showed low cytotoxicity caused by the uptake of the nanoparticles at 2 mg/mL. However, metabolomics revealed that these nanoparticles impacted cell metabolism even when tested at a concentration that presented low cytotoxicity according to the cell viability assay. The two cell lines shared stress-related metabolic changes such as increase in alanine and creatine levels...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933298/non-targeted-plasma-metabolome-of-early-and-late-lactation-gilts
#15
Lea A Rempel, Jeremy R Miles, William T Oliver, Corey D Broeckling
Female pigs nursing their first litter (first-parity gilts) have increased energy requirements not only to support their piglets, but they themselves are still maturing. Non-targeted plasma metabolomics were used to investigate the differences between (1) post-farrowing and weaning (early or late lactation), (2) degree of body condition loss after lactation (extreme or minimal), and (3) interactions; to potentially identify compounds or pathways that could aide in alleviating energetic demands of lactation in gilts...
2016: Frontiers in Molecular Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933294/branched-chain-amino-acid-levels-are-related-with-surrogates-of-disturbed-lipid-metabolism-among-older-men
#16
Urho M Kujala, Markku Peltonen, Merja K Laine, Jaakko Kaprio, Olli J Heinonen, Jouko Sundvall, Johan G Eriksson, Antti Jula, Seppo Sarna, Heikki Kainulainen
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Existing studies suggest that decreased branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) catabolism and thus elevated levels in blood are associated with metabolic disturbances. Based on such information, we have developed a hypothesis how BCAA degradation mechanistically connects to tricarboxylic acid cycle, intramyocellular lipid storage, and oxidation, thus allowing more efficient mitochondrial energy production from lipids as well as providing better metabolic health. We analyzed whether data from aged Finnish men are in line with our mechanistic hypothesis linking BCAA catabolism and metabolic disturbances...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932613/type-1-reaction-in-leprosy-patients-corresponds-with-a-decrease-in-pro-resolving-and-an-increase-in-pro-inflammatory-lipid-mediators
#17
Carlos A M Silva, Kristofor Webb, Barbara G Andre, Maria Angela de Mello Marques, Fernanda Marques de Carvalho, Cristiana Santos de Macedo, Roberta Olmo Pinheiro, Euzenir Nunes Sarno, Maria Cristina Vidal Pessolani, John T Belisle
BACKGROUND: Type 1 reaction (T1R) is an acute Th1 inflammatory episode in leprosy patients. While immunological responses associated with T1R have been investigated, the corresponding metabolic responses that could contribute to T1R pathology have received little attention. METHODS: Metabolomics-based analyses of sera from T1R (n=7) and T1R-free (n=9) patients were conducted via liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC-MS). Serum metabolites that significantly differed (p<0...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931880/predictive-diagnosis-of-major-depression-using-nmr-based-metabolomics-and-least-squares-support-vector-machine
#18
Hong Zheng, Peng Zheng, Liangcai Zhao, Jianmin Jia, Shengli Tang, Pengtao Xu, Peng Xie, Hongchang Gao
BACKGROUND: Major depressive (MD) disorder is a serious psychiatric disorder that can result in suicidal behavior if not treated. The MD diagnosis using a standardized instrument instead of a structured interview will be advantageous for treatment and management of the MD, but so far no such technique exists. We developed an integrated analytical method of NMR-based metabolomics and least squares-support vector machine (LS-SVM) for predictive diagnosis of the MD. METHODS: The metabolite profiles in clinical plasma samples obtained from 72 depressive patients and 54 healthy subjects were analyzed by NMR spectroscopy...
December 5, 2016: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931520/translational-potential-of-long-term-decreases-in-mitochondrial-lipids-in-a-mouse-model-of-gulf-war-illness
#19
Laila Abdullah, James E Evans, Utsav Joshi, Gogce Crynen, Jon Reed, Benoit Mouzon, Stephan Baumann, Hannah Montague, Zuchra Zakirova, Tanja Emmerich, Corbin Bachmeier, Nancy Klimas, Kimberly Sullivan, Michael Mullan, Ghania Ait-Ghezala, Fiona Crawford
Gulf War Illness (GWI) affects 25% of veterans from the 1990-1991 Gulf War (GW) and is accompanied by damage to the brain regions involved in memory processing. After twenty-five years, the chronic pathobiology of GWI is still unexplained. To address this problem, we examined the long-term consequences of GW exposures in an established GWI mouse model to identify biological processes that are relevant to the chronic symptoms of GWI. Three-month old male C57BL6 mice were exposed for 10days to GW agents (pyridostigmine bromide and permethrin)...
November 30, 2016: Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930839/expanding-the-klebsiella-pneumoniae-volatile-metabolome-using-advanced-analytical-instrumentation-for-the-detection-of-novel-metabolites
#20
Christiaan A Rees, Flavio A Franchina, Katherine V Nordick, Paul J Kim, Jane E Hill
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to identify the volatile molecules produced by the pathogenic Gram-negative bacterium Klebsiella pneumoniae (ATCC 13883) during in vitro growth using comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography coupled to time-of-flight mass spectrometry (GC×GC-TOFMS). METHODS AND RESULTS: K. pneumoniae ATCC 13883 was incubated in lysogeny broth (LB) to mid-exponential and stationary growth phases. Headspace volatile molecules from culture supernatants were concentrated using solid-phase microextraction (SPME) and analyzed via GC×GC-TOFMS...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Applied Microbiology
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