Read by QxMD icon Read

actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae

Longfei Zhang, Xun Wu, Zilong Huang, Nan Zhang, Yuzhi Wu, Qinren Cai, Xiangguang Shen, Huanzhong Ding
To evaluate the relationship between the pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic (PK/PD) parameters and the antibacterial effect of cefquinome against Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, a tissue cage infection model was established in piglets. In this model, an initial count of A. pleuropneumoniae of approximately 106 CFU/mL was exposed to different concentrations of cefquinome after multiple administration at dosages of 0.2, 0.4, 0.8, 1, 2, 4 mg/kg body weight once a day for 3 days. Concentration of cefquinome and bacterial numbers of A...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Monalessa Fábia Pereira, Ciro César Rossi, Larissa Eler Seide, Sebastião Martins Filho, Cláudia de Melo Dolinski, Denise Mara Soares Bazzolli
Porcine pleuropneumonia is an important cause of lowered productivity and economic loss in the pig industry worldwide, associated primarily with Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae infection. Its colonization and persistence within the upper respiratory tract of affected pigs depends upon interactions between a number of genetically controlled virulence factors, such as pore-forming repeats-in-toxin exoproteins, biofilm formation, and antimicrobial resistance. This study investigated correlations between biofilm-forming capacity, antimicrobial resistance, and virulence of A...
May 7, 2018: Research in Veterinary Science
Rui-Li Zhao, Lin Zhu, Meng-Yue Liu, Tian-Ming Jin, Ji-Fei Ma, Ye Hu, Xuan Wang, Shun-Yi Qin, Jian-Bao Chen
Lectin has attracted attention because of its ability to serve as a carrier for targeted drug delivery. Large lectins isolated from marine invertebrates and crustaceans have strong immunogenicity and adverse effects, which limit their usefulness. This study reports the identification of catesbeianalectin via screening a bullfrog skin cDNA library. The catesbeianalectin polypeptide has a molecular weight of 1.47 kD, making it the smallest known lectin in terms of molecular weight. Circular dichroism analysis showed a PPII helix secondary structure...
May 2018: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Huan Li, Feng Liu, Wei Peng, Kang Yan, Haixu Zhao, Ting Liu, Hui Cheng, Peixi Chang, Fangyan Yuan, Huanchun Chen, Weicheng Bei
Gram-negative bacteria have evolved numerous two-component systems (TCSs) to cope with external environmental changes. The CpxA/CpxR TCS consisting of the kinase CpxA and the regulator CpxR, is known to be involved in the biofilm formation and virulence of Escherichia coli . However, the role of CpxA/CpxR remained unclear in Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae , a bacterial pathogen that can cause porcine contagious pleuropneumonia (PCP). In this report, we show that CpxA/CpxR contributes to the biofilm formation ability of A...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Abraham Loera-Muro, Carlos Angulo
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the etiological agent of porcine pleuropneumonia, a respiratory disease leading to severe economic losses in the swine industry. The most widely used commercial vaccines are bacterins comprising inactivated whole cells of A. pleuropneumoniae but these have only been partially effective in preventing disease. Innovative immuno-prophylactic preparations of A. pleuropneumoniae based on ApxI, ApxII, ApxIII, ApxIV toxins and outer membrane proteins, among others (i.e. RnhB, GalU, GalT, HflX, ComL, LolB, LppC), have high protective efficacy in mice and pigs...
April 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Janine T Bossé, Yanwen Li, Rita Sárközi, László Fodor, Sonia Lacouture, Marcelo Gottschalk, Maria Casas Amoribieta, Øystein Angen, Katerina Nedbalcova, Matthew T G Holden, Duncan J Maskell, Alexander W Tucker, Brendan W Wren, Andrew N Rycroft, Paul R Langford
The aim of this study was to investigate isolates of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae previously designated serologically either as non-typable (NT) or as 'K2:07', which did not produce serovar-specific amplicons in PCR assays. We used whole genome sequencing to identify the capsule (CPS) loci of six previously designated biovar 1 NT and two biovar 1 'K2:O7' isolates of A. pleuropneumoniae from Denmark, as well as a recent biovar 2 NT isolate from Canada. All of the NT isolates have the same six-gene type I CPS locus, sharing common cpsABC genes with serovars 2, 3, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11 and 13...
April 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
Yun Kong, Jiang Li, Xinyuan Hu, Yaoguang Wang, Qingyun Meng, Guofeng Gu, Peng George Wang, Min Chen
N-Glycosyltransferase (NGT) is an inverting glycosyltransferase for an unusual pathway of N-linked protein glycosylation and glycosylates polypeptides in the consensus sequon (N-(X≠P)-T/S) with hexose monosaccharides. Here, we expressed and characterized a novel N-glycosyltransferase from Aggregatibacter aphrophilus (named AaNGT). RP-HPLC and Mass Spectrometry were used to assay and quantify glycopeptide formation by AaNGT and determine its substrate specificities. AaNGT could utilize a variety of nucleotide-activated sugar donors, including UDP-Glc, UDP-Gal, UDP-Xyl, GDP-Glc, dGDP-Glc and UDP-GlcN, to glycosylate the tested peptides...
March 19, 2018: Carbohydrate Research
Anne E Watt, Glenn F Browning, Alistair R Legione, Rhys N Bushell, Andrew Stent, Ross S Cutler, Neil D Young, Marc S Marenda
An unknown member of the family Pasteurellaceae was repeatedly isolated from severe pulmonary lesions in 20-24 week old pigs reared on the same farm in Victoria, Australia. The aetiological diagnosis of the disease was inconclusive. The complete genome sequence analysis of one strain, 15-184, revealed some phylogenic proximity to Glaesserella (Haemophilus) parasuis , the cause of Glasser's disease. However, sequences of the 16S rRNA and housekeeping genes, as well as average nucleotide identity scores, differed from all other known species in the family Pasteurellaceae The protein content of 15-184 was composite, with 60% of coding sequences matching known G...
March 23, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Cindy Wenke, Janina Pospiech, Tobias Reutter, Bettina Altmann, Uwe Truyen, Stephanie Speck
Biosecurity is defined as the implementation of measures that reduce the risk of disease agents being introduced and/or spread. For pig production, several of these measures are routinely implemented (e.g. cleaning, disinfection, segregation). However, air as a potential vector of pathogens has long been disregarded. Filters for incoming and recirculating air were installed into an already existing ventilation plant at a fattening piggery (3,840 pigs at maximum) in Saxony, Germany. Over a period of three consecutive fattening periods, we evaluated various parameters including air quality indices, environmental and operating parameters, and pig performance...
2018: PloS One
Fangyan Yuan, Jinlin Liu, Wujin You, Weicheng Bei, Chunlai Wang, Jin Zhao, Yiongxiang Tian, Siguo Liu
We inactivated a virulence determinant, ArcA, in an Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae quadruple deletion mutant SLW06 (ΔapxICΔapxIICΔorf1ΔcpxAR, serovar 1), and a quintuple deletion mutant SLW07 was generated. SLW07 showed decreased adherence to and invasion of host cells, compared to its parent strain SLW06. SLW07 was more sensitive in RAW264.7 macrophage-mediated phagocytosis and clearance. SLW07 was less virulent in mice. An immunization assay indicated that both SLW07 and SLW06 preferentially stimulated T helper cell type 2 response in mice...
March 27, 2018: Vaccine
Michael T Sweeney, Brian V Lubbers, Stefan Schwarz, Jeffrey L Watts
Standardized definitions for MDR are currently not available in veterinary medicine despite numerous reports indicating that antimicrobial resistance may be increasing among clinically significant bacteria in livestock and companion animals. As such, assessments of MDR presented in veterinary scientific reports are inconsistent. Herein, we apply previously standardized definitions for MDR, XDR and pandrug resistance (PDR) used in human medicine to animal pathogens and veterinary antimicrobial agents in which MDR is defined as an isolate that is not susceptible to at least one agent in at least three antimicrobial classes, XDR is defined as an isolate that is not susceptible to at least one agent in all but one or two available classes and PDR is defined as an isolate that is not susceptible to all agents in all available classes...
February 22, 2018: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
H-C Wu, P-H Yeh, K-J Hsueh, W-J Yang, C-Y Chu
AIMS: Available bacterins, commercial or autogenous, for Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae disease control have, thus far, shown debatable protective efficacy and only in homologous challenges. Our study sought to determine whether the addition of reombinant protein ApxIV to the multicomponent vaccine could enhance protection against homologous and heterologous challenge of A. pleuropneumoniae. METHODS AND RESULTS: The virulence of ApxI, ApxII, ApxIV and OMP were cloned and expressed using a prokaryotic system; these recombinant proteins were combined with inactivated A...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
D Stepien-Pysniak, U Kosikowska, T Hauschild, A Burzynski, J Wilczynski, A Kolinska, A Nowaczek, A Marek
This paper reports on the development and validation of a real-time loop-mediated isothermal amplification assay (LAMP) for rapid and specific identification of Gallibacterium anatis. To design a set of 6 primers using the LAMP technique, the conserved region of the G. anatis sodA gene was selected as a target. To evaluate primer specificity we used 120 field strains, the reference strain G. anatis ATCC 43329, and 9 non-G. anatis bacteria. The results confirmed positive reactions for all G. anatis strains tested by LAMP at 63°C for 60 min, with no cross-reactivity observed for the negative control bacteria, i...
April 1, 2018: Poultry Science
S Yee, P J Blackall, C Turni
OBJECTIVE: To explore the diversity among isolates of the Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovars most common in Australia (serovars 1, 5, 7 and 15) and to examine the Apx toxin profiles in selected representative isolates. DESIGN: A total of 250 isolates selected from different farms were examined for their genotypic profiles and a subset of 122 isolates for their toxin profiles. METHODS: The isolates of serovars 1, 5, 7 and 15 selected for this study came from different farms and different Australian states and were submitted for serotyping to the reference laboratory...
January 2018: Australian Veterinary Journal
Kui Xu, Qin Zhao, Xintian Wen, Rui Wu, Yiping Wen, Xiaobo Huang, Yong Huang, Qigui Yan, Xinfeng Han, Xiaoping Ma, Yung-Fu Chang, Sanjie Cao
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (APP) causes serious economic losses in the swine industry, and is the etiologic agent of porcine pleuropneumonia. In this study we have engineered a trivalent Apx fusion protein enclosed in outer membrane vesicles (Apxr-OMV) and studied its immunoprotective efficacy against APP serotypes 1 and 7 challenge in mice. The results showed that the IgG levels in the Apxr-OMVs immune group were significantly higher than those of the negative control (P < 0.05). Up-regulation of both Th1 (IFN-γ, IL-2) and Th2 (IL-4) cytokines were detected in splenocytes of Apxr-OMVs immune group...
2018: PloS One
D G S Burch, D Sperling
Amoxicillin has become a major antimicrobial substance in pig medicine for the treatment and control of severe, systemic infections such as Streptococcus suis. The minimum inhibitory concentration 90% (MIC 90) is 0.06 μg amoxicillin/ml, and the proposed epidemiological cut-off value (ECOFF) is 0.5 μg/ml, giving only 0.7% of isolates above the ECOFF or of reduced susceptibility. Clinical breakpoints have not been set for amoxicillin against porcine pathogens yet, hence the use of ECOFFs. It has also been successfully used for bacterial respiratory infections caused by Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae and Pasteurella multocida...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics
Adina R Bujold, Andrew E Shure, Rui Liu, Andrew M Kropinski, Janet I MacInnes
Actinobacillus spp. are Gram-negative bacteria associated with mucosal membranes. While some are commensals, others can cause important human and animal diseases. A. pleuropneumoniae causes severe fibrinous hemorrhagic pneumonia in swine but not systemic disease whereas other species invade resulting in septicemia and death. To understand the invasive phenotype of Actinobacillus spp., complete genomes of eight isolates were obtained and pseudogenomes of five isolates were assembled and annotated. Phylogenetically, A...
January 6, 2018: Genomics
Fabio Antenucci, Cyrielle Fougeroux, Alannah Deeney, Cathrine Ørskov, Andrew Rycroft, Peter Johannes Holst, Anders Miki Bojesen
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae (A. pleuropneumoniae) is a Gram-negative bacterium that represents the main cause of porcine pleuropneumonia in pigs, causing significant economic losses to the livestock industry worldwide. A. pleuropneumoniae, as the majority of Gram-negative bacteria, excrete vesicles from its outer membrane (OM), accordingly defined as outer membrane vesicles (OMVs). Thanks to their antigenic similarity to the OM, OMVs have emerged as a promising tool in vaccinology. In this study we describe the in vivo testing of several vaccine prototypes for the prevention of infection by all known A...
January 9, 2018: Veterinary Research
Bi Li, Jing Fang, Zhicai Zuo, Sirui Yin, Tingting He, Mingxian Yang, Junliang Deng, Liuhong Shen, Xiaoping Ma, Shumin Yu, Ya Wang, Zhihua Ren
Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae is the causative agent of porcine contagious pleuropneumonia. Overproduction of proinflammatory cytokines, like interleukin-1β (IL-1β), IL-6, tumor necrosis factor alpha, and resistin, in the lung is an important feature of A. pleuropneumoniae infection. These proinflammatory cytokines enhance inflammatory and immunological responses. However, the mechanism that leads to cytokine production remains unclear. As a major virulence factor of A. pleuropneumoniae , lipopolysaccharide (LPS) may act as a potent stimulator of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), triggering a number of intracellular signaling pathways that lead to the synthesis of proinflammatory cytokines...
March 2018: Infection and Immunity
Hiroya Ito, Sayaka Takahashi, Tetsuo Asai, Yutaka Tamura, Koshi Yamamoto
An atypical urease-negative mutant of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae serovar 2 was isolated in Japan. Nucleotide sequence analysis of the urease gene cluster revealed that the insertion of a short DNA sequence into the cbiM gene was responsible for the urease-negative activity of the mutant. Veterinary diagnostic laboratories should be watchful for the presence of aberrant urease-negative A. pleuropneumoniae isolates.
January 2018: Journal of Veterinary Diagnostic Investigation
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"