Read by QxMD icon Read


Yow Keat Tham, Kevin Huynh, Natalie A Mellett, Darren C Henstridge, Helen Kiriazis, Jenny Y Y Ooi, Aya Matsumoto, Natalie L Patterson, Junichi Sadoshima, Peter J Meikle, Julie R McMullen
Cardiac myocyte membranes contain lipids which remodel dramatically in response to heart growth and remodeling. Lipid species have both structural and functional roles. Physiological and pathological cardiac remodeling have very distinct phenotypes, and the identification of molecular differences represent avenues for therapeutic interventions. Whether the abundance of specific lipid classes is different in physiological and pathological models was largely unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether distinct lipids are regulated in settings of physiological and pathological remodeling, and if so, whether modulation of differentially-regulated lipids could modulate heart size and function...
December 4, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Lina Wang, Xin Wang, Ying Li, Yan Hou, Fengyu Sun, Shuang Zhou, Chunming Li, Bin Zhang
Biological requirements for tumor cell proliferation include the sustained increase of structural, energetic, signal transduction and biosynthetic precursors. Because lipids participate in membrane construction, energy storage, and cell signaling. We hypothesized that the differences in lipids between malignant carcinoma and normal controls could be reflected in the bio-fluids. A total of 100 pre-operative plasma samples were collected from 50 oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), 50 normal patients and characterize by lipid profiling using ultra performance liquid chromatography/electro spray ionization mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS)...
November 3, 2017: Oncotarget
Celine L Hartman, Mark A Duerr, Carolyn J Albert, William L Neumann, Jane McHowat, David A Ford
Endothelial dysfunction is a hallmark of multiple inflammatory diseases. Leukocyte interactions with the endothelium have significant effects on vascular wall biology and pathophysiology. Myeloperoxidase (MPO)-derived oxidant products released from leukocytes are potential mediators of inflammation and endothelial dysfunction. 2-Chlorofatty acids (2-ClFAs) are produced as a result of MPO-derived HOCl targeting plasmalogen phospholipids. Chlorinated lipids have been shown to be associated with multiple inflammatory diseases, but their impact on surrounding endothelial cells has not been examined...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Lipid Research
M A López-Bascón, M Calderón-Santiago, J Sánchez-Ceinos, A Fernández-Vega, R Guzmán-Ruiz, J López-Miranda, M M Malagon, F Priego-Capote
The main limitations of lipidomics analysis are the chemical complexity of the lipids, the range of concentrations at which they exist, and the variety of samples usually analyzed. These limitations particularly affect the characterization of polar lipids owing to the interference of neutral lipids, essentially acylglycerides, which are at high concentration and suppress ionization of low concentrated lipids in mass spectrometry detection. The influence of sample preparation on lipidomics analysis of polar lipids in adipose tissue by LC-MS/MS was the aim of this research...
January 15, 2018: Talanta
Katarzyna D Sluzalska, Gerhard Liebisch, Jochen Wilhelm, Bernd Ishaque, Holger Hackstein, Gerd Schmitz, Markus Rickert, Juergen Steinmeyer
Elevated levels of growth factors and phospholipids (PLs) have been found in osteoarthritic synovial fluid (SF), although the metabolic regulation of PLs is currently unknown. This study aimed to determine the effects of growth factors on the biosynthesis of PLs by fibroblast-like synoviocytes (FLS) obtained from human osteoarthritic knee joints. Electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry was applied to analyse the newly synthesized PLs. In the presence of stable isotope-labelled PL precursors, cultured FLS were treated with either transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), bone morphogenetic protein (BMP)-2, BMP-4, BMP-7 or insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) alone or in combination with specific inhibitors of cell signalling pathways...
October 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
J M Chao de la Barca, T Boueilh, G Simard, L Boucret, V Ferré-L'Hotellier, L Tessier, C Gadras, P E Bouet, P Descamps, V Procaccio, P Reynier, P May-Panloup
STUDY QUESTION: Does the metabolomic profile of the follicular fluid (FF) of patients with a diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) differ from that of patients with a normal ovarian reserve (NOR)? SUMMARY ANSWER: The metabolomic signature of the FF reveals a significant decrease in polyunsaturated choline plasmalogens and methyl arginine transferase activity in DOR patients compared to NOR patients. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The composition of the FF reflects the exchanges between the oocyte and its microenvironment during its acquisition of gametic competence...
November 1, 2017: Human Reproduction
Luis Gil-de-Gómez, Alma M Astudillo, Patricia Lebrero, María A Balboa, Jesús Balsinde
Due to their high content in esterified arachidonic acid (AA), macrophages provide large amounts of eicosanoids during innate immune reactions. Bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is a poor trigger of AA mobilization in macrophages but does have the capacity to prime these cells for greatly increased AA release upon subsequent stimulation. In this work, we have studied molecular mechanisms underlying this phenomenon. By using mass spectrometry-based lipidomic analyses, we show in this work that LPS-primed zymosan-stimulated macrophages exhibit an elevated consumption of a particular phospholipid species, i...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Tinh-Hai Collet, Takuhiro Sonoyama, Elana Henning, Julia M Keogh, Brian Ingram, Sarah Kelway, Lining Guo, I Sadaf Farooqi
Context: The experimental paradigm of acute caloric restriction followed by refeeding can be used to study the homeostatic mechanisms that regulate energy homeostasis, which are relevant to understanding the adaptive response to weight loss. Objective: Metabolomics, the measurement of hundreds of small molecule metabolites, their precursors, derivatives, and degradation products, has emerged as a useful tool for the study of physiology and disease and was used here to study the metabolic response to acute caloric restriction...
September 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Qinsheng Chen, Xincen Wang, Peixu Cong, Yanjun Liu, Yuming Wang, Jie Xu, Changhu Xue
A fast and efficient shotgun lipidomics strategy was applied to analyze phospholipids (PL) in the oyster Crassostrea plicatula, including 29 species of phosphatidylcholine (PtdCho), 23 species of phosphatidylethanolamine (PtdEtn), 11 species of phosphatidylserine (PtdSer), 6 species of phosphatidylinositol (PtdIns), and 17 species of lysophospholipids (Lyso-PL). During storage at 4 °C for 7 days, the PL content decreased by 68.08%, but a significant increase in the FFA content was observed (from 63.11 to 318...
December 2017: Lipids
Fernanda Negrão, Daniel R Abánades, Caroline F Jaeeger, Daniele F O Rocha, Katia R A Belaz, Selma Giorgio, Marcos N Eberlin, Célio F F Angolini
Particular lipid profiles have been found in two different protozoa of the Leishmania genus. Leishmania infantum, a visceral leishmaniasis causative agent and Leishmania amazonensis, a cutaneous leishmaniasis, reveal distinctive lipid contents of phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylserine plasmalogens, sphingolipids, phosphatidylinositols, phosphatidylcholine, and phosphatidylethanolamine, which have been shown to be related to species, life-cycle of the parasite, and macrophage infection. L. infantum displayed a higher content of phosphatidylethanolamine plasmalogens than L...
October 24, 2017: Molecular BioSystems
Eric J Murphy
In this editorial, we highlight the recent work of Dorninger et al. that demonstrates a reduction in plasmalogens in the motor end plate is associated with a reduction in motor end plate function. This reduction in function is illuminated in reduced muscle function in these mice, corresponding with the reduction in acetylcholine release and in its receptor density observed in these mice.
September 25, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: FEBS Letters
Mélanie Bourque, Laurent Grégoire, Thérèse Di Paolo
The gold standard therapy for Parkinson's disease (PD), L-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (L-DOPA), induces dyskinesias in the majority of patients after years of treatment. Ethanolamine plasmalogens (PlsEtn) play critical roles in membrane structure mediated functions and as a storage depot of polyunsaturated fatty acids such as docosahexaenoic acid. We previously showed that a PlsEtn precursor PPI-1011 reduced already established L-DOPA-induced dyskinesias (LID) in 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) lesioned monkeys as a PD model...
January 30, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
Leonor Correia Guedes, Robin Barry Chan, Marcos António Gomes, Vasco A Conceição, Raquel Bouça Machado, Tiago Soares, Yimeng Xu, Paulo Gaspar, Joao André Carriço, Roy N Alcalay, Joaquim J Ferreira, Tiago Fleming Outeiro, Gabriel Miltenberger-Miltenyi
INTRODUCTION: Mutations in the GBA gene, encoding for the lysosomal enzyme glucocerebrosidase, are associated with Gaucher disease. Alterations in plasma sphingolipids have been reported in Gaucher, and similarly in brain extracts in Lewy body disease. As GBA mutations are prevalent risk factors for Parkinson's disease and overlap of molecular pathways are presumable, here we assessed the lipid profiles in Parkinson's patients with and without GBA mutations. METHODS: We sequenced all GBA exons in 415 Parkinson's patients, previously genotyped for LRRK2...
September 1, 2017: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
James Kruczek, Matthew Saunders, Meghna Khosla, Yicheng Tu, Sagar A Pandit
Dissimilarities in the bulk structure of bilayers composed of ether- vs ester-linked lipids are well-established; however, the atomistic interactions responsible for these differences are not well known. These differences are important in understanding of why archaea have a different bilayer composition than the other domains of life and why humans have larger concentrations of plasmalogens in specialized membranes? In this paper, we simulate two lipid bilayers, the ester linked dipalmitoylphosphatidylcholine (DPPC) and the ether lined dihexadecylphosphatidylcholine (DHPC), to study these variations...
December 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Rui-Xu Yang, Chun-Xiu Hu, Wan-Lu Sun, Qin Pan, Feng Shen, Zhen Yang, Qing Su, Guo-Wang Xu, Jian-Gao Fan
Chronic liver disease is associated with lipid metabolic disruption. We carried out a study to determine serum lipidomic features of patients with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and active chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and explored the biomarkers for non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Serum lipidomic profiles of healthy controls (n = 23) and of biopsy-proven NAFLD (n = 42), CHB with NAFLD (n = 22) and without NAFLD (n = 17) were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry...
September 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
Sanjoy Ghosh, Roger A Dyer, Clare L Beasley
Brain imaging suggests that white matter abnormalities, including compromised white matter integrity in the frontal lobe, are shared across bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SCZ). However, the precise molecular and cellular correlates remain to be elucidated. Given evidence for widespread alterations in cell membrane lipid composition in both disorders, we sought to investigate whether lipid composition is disturbed in frontal white matter in SCZ and BD. The phospholipids phosphatidylethanolamine (PE) and phosphatidylcholine (PC) were quantified in white matter adjacent to the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in subjects with BD (n = 34), SCZ (n = 35), and non-psychiatric controls (n = 35) using high-pressure liquid chromatography...
December 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Yusuke Nakamura, Yasuo Shimizu, Yasuhiro Horibata, Rinna Tei, Ryosuke Koike, Meitetsu Masawa, Taiji Watanabe, Taichi Shiobara, Ryo Arai, Kazuyuki Chibana, Akihiro Takemasa, Hiroyuki Sugimoto, Yoshiki Ishii
Endothelial cells (EC) are involved in regulating several aspects of lipid metabolism, with recent research revealing the clinicopathological significance of interactions between EC and lipids. Induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) have various possible medical uses, so understanding the metabolism of these cells is important. In this study, endothelial phenotype cells generated from human iPSC formed cell networks in co-culture with fibroblasts. Changes of plasmalogen lipids and sphingomyelins in endothelial phenotype cells generated from human iPSC were investigated by reverse-phase ultra-high-pressure liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) analysis...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
Hilde-Marléne Bergman, Ingela Lanekoff
Molecular profiling of single cells has the potential to significantly advance our understanding of cell function and cellular processes of importance to health and disease. In particular, small molecules with rapid turn-over rates can reveal activated metabolic pathways resulting from an altered chemical environment or cellular events such as differentiation. Consequently, techniques for quantitative metabolite detection acquired in a higher throughput manner are needed to characterize the biological variability between seemingly homogenous cells...
October 7, 2017: Analyst
Edith Miville-Godbout, Mélanie Bourque, Marc Morissette, Sara Al-Sweidi, Tara Smith, Dushmanthi Jayasinghe, Shawn Ritchie, Thérèse Di Paolo
Ethanolamine plasmalogens (PlsEtn) are a class of glycerophospholipids characterized by a vinyl-ether bond at the sn-1 position that play an important role in the structure and function of membranes. Previous reports have suggested a link between reduced blood and brain PlsEtn levels and Parkinson's disease (PD). We recently reported that the DHA containing plasmalogen precursor PPI-1011 protected striatal dopamine (DA) against MPTP toxicity in mice. In this paper, we further investigate the specificity requirements of the lipid side chains by testing the oleic acid-containing plasmalogen precursor PPI-1025...
August 19, 2017: Brain Research
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"