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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402948/c-type-natriuretic-peptide-modified-lipid-vesicles-fabrication-and-use-for-the-treatment-of-brain-glioma
#1
Jia-Shuan Wu, Li-Min Mu, Ying-Zi Bu, Lei Liu, Yan Yan, Ying-Jie Hu, Jing Bai, Jing-Ying Zhang, Weiyue Lu, Wan-Liang Lu
Chemotherapy of brain glioma faces a major obstacle owing to the inability of drug transport across the blood-brain barrier (BBB). Besides, neovasculatures in brain glioma site result in a rapid infiltration, making complete surgical removal virtually impossible. Herein, we reported a novel kind of C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) modified vinorelbine lipid vesicles for transferring drug across the BBB, and for treating brain glioma along with disrupting neovasculatures. The studies were performed on brain glioma U87-MG cells in vitro and on glioma-bearing nude mice in vivo...
March 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28381798/gallic-acid-and-dodecyl-gallate-prevents-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-acute-and-chronic-hepatotoxicity-by-enhancing-hepatic-antioxidant-status-and-increasing-p53-expression
#2
Marlene Raimunda Andreola Perazzoli, Camila Katerin Perondi, Cesar Milton Baratto, Evelyn Winter, Tânia Beatriz Creczynski-Pasa, Claudriana Locatelli
Gallic acid (3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid, GA), a natural phenolic acid has been reported as a strong antioxidant. Therefore the present study was designed to evaluate the effects of GA and dodecyl gallate (DGA) against acute and chronic carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced hepatotoxicity. For acute model, rats were orally treated with GA and DGA for 7 d prior to CCl4 by intraperitoneally (i.p.) injection. For the chronic model, rats were orally treated with GA or DGA and CCl4 i.p. twice a week for four weeks...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359161/effective-medicinal-plant-in-cancer-treatment-part-2
#3
Wesam Kooti, Karo Servatyari, Masoud Behzadifar, Majid Asadi-Samani, Fatemeh Sadeghi, Bijan Nouri, Hadi Zare Marzouni
Cancer is the second cause of death after cardiovascular diseases. With due attention to rapid progress in the phytochemical study of plants, they are becoming popular because of their anticancer effects. The aim of this study was to investigate the effective medicinal plants in the treatment of cancer and study their mechanism of action. In order to gather information the keywords "traditional medicine," "plant compounds," "medicinal plant," "medicinal herb," "toxicity," "anticancer effect," "cell line," and "treatment" were searched in international databases such as ScienceDirect, PubMed, and Scopus and national databases such as Magiran, Sid, and Iranmedex, and a total of 228 articles were collected...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357524/molecular-connections-of-obesity-and-aging-a-focus-on-adipose-protein-53-and-retinoblastoma-protein
#4
REVIEW
Dinh-Toi Chu, Yang Tao
Obesity is an induced health problem that human beings have been facing with non-optimal treatment so far. Humans are on average getting fatter with age, and obesity and aging interact each other to shorten lifetime and decrease life quality. Obesity also causes several aging related-disorders such as cancer, strokes, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes. So, the molecular connections between aging and obesity are promising targets for bio-medical researches and innovative therapies of many health problems...
March 30, 2017: Biogerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28348409/inhibiting-the-system-xc-glutathione-axis-selectively-targets-cancers-with-mutant-p53-accumulation
#5
David S Liu, Cuong P Duong, Sue Haupt, Karen G Montgomery, Colin M House, Walid J Azar, Helen B Pearson, Oliver M Fisher, Matthew Read, Glen R Guerra, Ygal Haupt, Carleen Cullinane, Klas G Wiman, Lars Abrahmsen, Wayne A Phillips, Nicholas J Clemons
TP53, a critical tumour suppressor gene, is mutated in over half of all cancers resulting in mutant-p53 protein accumulation and poor patient survival. Therapeutic strategies to target mutant-p53 cancers are urgently needed. We show that accumulated mutant-p53 protein suppresses the expression of SLC7A11, a component of the cystine/glutamate antiporter, system xC(-), through binding to the master antioxidant transcription factor NRF2. This diminishes glutathione synthesis, rendering mutant-p53 tumours susceptible to oxidative damage...
March 28, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28347692/mir-21-5p-203a-3p-promote-ox-ldl-induced-endothelial-cell-senescence-through-down-regulation-of-mitochondrial-fission-protein-drp1
#6
Jie-Jie Zhang, Wei-Qi Liu, Jing-Jie Peng, Qi-Lin Ma, Jun Peng, Xiu-Ju Luo
This study aims to identify both endothelia-specific/enriched and senescence-associated miRNAs as well as their functions. The rats were fed on high-fat diet to establish a hyperlipidemic model, which showed an increase in plasma lipids and acceleration in endothelial senescence and endothelial dysfunction, accompanied by alterations in 7 endothelia-specific/enriched and senescence-associated miRNAs. Among the 7 selected miRNAs, miR-21-5p and miR-203a-3p were significantly up-regulated in a human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) senescent model induced by ox-LDL, consistent with their changes in the hyperlipidemic rats...
March 24, 2017: Mechanisms of Ageing and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335726/analysis-of-hepatic-transcript-profile-and-plasma-lipid-profile-in-early-lactating-dairy-cows-fed-grape-seed-and-grape-marc-meal-extract
#7
Denise K Gessner, Anne Winkler, Christian Koch, Georg Dusel, Gerhard Liebisch, Robert Ringseis, Klaus Eder
BACKGROUND: It was recently reported that dairy cows fed a polyphenol-rich grape seed and grape marc meal extract (GSGME) during the transition period had an increased milk yield, but the underlying reasons remained unclear. As polyphenols exert a broad spectrum of metabolic effects, we hypothesized that feeding of GSGME influences metabolic pathways in the liver which could account for the positive effects of GSGME in dairy cows. In order to identify these pathways, we performed genome-wide transcript profiling in the liver and lipid profiling in plasma of dairy cows fed GSGME during the transition period at 1 week postpartum...
March 23, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334197/ppar%C3%AE-regulates-tumor-cell-proliferation-and-senescence-via-a-novel-target-gene-carnitine-palmitoyltransferase-1c
#8
Yixin Chen, Yongtao Wang, Yaoyao Huang, Hang Zeng, Bingfang Hu, Lihuan Guan, Huizhen Zhang, Ai-Ming Yu, Caroline H Johnson, Frank J Gonzalez, Min Huang, Huichang Bi
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1C (CPT1C), an enzyme located in the outer mitochondria membrane, has a crucial role in fatty acid transport and oxidation. It is also involved in cell proliferation and is a potential driver for cancer cell senescence. However, its upstream regulatory mechanism is unknown. Peroxisome proliferator activated receptor α (PPARα) is a ligand-activated transcription factor that regulates lipid metabolism and tumor progression. The current study aimed to elucidate whether and how PPARα regulates CPT1C and then affects cancer cell proliferation and senescence...
April 1, 2017: Carcinogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315003/anti-oxidative-responses-on-hepatic-tissue-of-zebrafish-danio-rerio-in-a-short-duration-of-sub-lethal-concentrations-of-cadmium-exposure
#9
Su Mei Wu, Li-Hsin Shu, Jia-Hao Liu, Ching Hsein Chen
The aim of the present study was to identify whether the responses of oxidative stress in zebrafish liver are similar to those in mammalians upon low doses of Cd(2+) exposure in short durations. Fish were exposed to 1.78 μM Cd(2+) (treatment) and 0.0 μM Cd(2+) (control) for 0, 1, 3, and 6 h. The reactive oxygen species (ROS) and lipid peroxidation (LPO) of hepatic tissues significantly increased after 3 and 6 h of Cd(2+) exposure, respectively. Antioxidants glutathione peroxidase (gpx1a), superoxide dismutase (sod), and catalase (cat) were up regulated after 1-3 h, and metallothionein isoforms (smtB and mt2) increased after 3-6 h of Cd(2+) exposure...
March 18, 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280387/ulva-lactuca-polysaccharides-prevent-wistar-rat-breast-carcinogenesis-through-the-augmentation-of-apoptosis-enhancement-of-antioxidant-defense-system-and-suppression-of-inflammation
#10
Gamal-Eldein F Abd-Ellatef, Osama M Ahmed, Eman S Abdel-Reheim, Abdel-Hamid Z Abdel-Hamid
BACKGROUND: Recently, several research studies have been focused on the isolation and function of the polysaccharides derived from different algal species, which revealed multiple biological activities such as antioxidant and antitumor activities. This study assesses the possible breast cancer chemopreventive properties of common seaweeds, sea lettuce, Ulva lactuca (ulvan) polysaccharides using in vitro bioassays on human breast cancer cell line (MCF-7) and an in vivo animal model of breast carcinogenesis...
2017: Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261760/evidence-of-zinc-in-affording-protection-against-x-ray-induced-brain-injury-in-rats
#11
Priyanka Sharma, Neha Singla, D K Dhawan
In the present world, X-rays have been regarded as one of the most efficient tools in medicine, industry and research. On the contrary, extensive human exposure to these rays is responsible for causing detrimental effects on physiological system. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of zinc (Zn), if any, in mitigating the adverse effects induced by fractionated X-irradiation on rat brain. Female Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 170-200 g were divided into four different groups viz.: (a) normal control, (b) X-irradiated (21Gy), (c) zinc treated (227 mg/L in drinking water) and (d) X-irradiated + zinc treated...
March 6, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258023/importance-of-ros-mediated-autophagy-in-determining-apoptotic-cell-death-induced-by-physapubescin-b
#12
Jian Xu, Yihua Wu, Guang Lu, Shujun Xie, Zhongjun Ma, Zhe Chen, Han-Ming Shen, Dajing Xia
Physapubescin B, a steroidal compound extracted from the plant Physalis pubescens L. (Solanaceae), has been reported to possess anti-cancer potential, whereas the molecular mechanism remains elusive. In this study, we first demonstrated that physapubescin B induced autophagy in human cancer cells based on the evidence that physapubescin B increased lipidation of microtubule-associated protein 1 light chain 3 (LC3) as well as number of GFP-LC3 puncta. We further examined the molecular mechanisms and found that physapubescin B enhanced the autophagic flux through promotion of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated suppression of mammalian target of rapamycin complex I (mTORC1), the key negative regulator of autophagy...
February 24, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257922/effects-of-nicotine-on-zebrafish-a-comparative-response-between-a-newly-established-gill-cell-line-and-whole-gills
#13
COMPARATIVE STUDY
K S Nathiga Nambi, S Abdul Majeed, G Taju, Sridhar Sivasubbu, V Sarath Babu, A S Sahul Hameed
A novel cell line, Danio rerio gill (DrG), derived from the gill tissue of zebrafish, was established and characterized. The cells were able to grow at a wide range of temperatures from 25°C to 32°C in Leibovitz's L-15 medium. The DrG cell line consists of epithelial-like cells with a diameter of 18-22μm. The cell line was characterized by mitochondrial 12S rRNA gene. Acute toxicity tests were conducted on D. rerio by exposing them to nicotine for 96h under static conditions. In vitro cytotoxicity of nicotine was assessed in DrG cell line using multiple endpoints such as 3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT), Neutral Red assay, Alamar Blue assay and Coomassie Blue protein assay...
May 2017: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Toxicology & Pharmacology: CBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250973/mpp-induces-necrostatin-1-and-ferrostatin-1-sensitive-necrotic-death-of-neuronal-sh-sy5y-cells
#14
Keisuke Ito, Yutaka Eguchi, Yusuke Imagawa, Shuji Akai, Hideki Mochizuki, Yoshihide Tsujimoto
Regulation of cell death is potentially a powerful treatment modality for intractable diseases such as neurodegenerative diseases. Although there have been many reports about the possible involvement of various types of cell death in neurodegenerative diseases, it is still unclear exactly how neurons die in patients with these diseases, thus treatment strategies based on cell death regulation have not been established yet. To obtain some insight into the mechanisms of cell death involved in neurodegenerative diseases, we studied the effect of 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP+) on the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y (a widely used model of Parkinson's disease)...
2017: Cell Death Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235466/trifluoroethanol-induced-conformational-transition-of-the-c-terminal-sterile-alpha-motif-sam-of-human-p73
#15
José L Neira, Ana Cámara-Artigas
The alpha splice variant of p73 (p73α), a homologue of the tumour suppressor p53, has at its C terminus a sterile alpha motif (SAM); this domain, SAMp73, is involved in lipid binding and it is thought to mediate in protein-protein interactions. As SAMp73 is a 68-residue-long helical bundle, it could be a good model to study the (2,2,2-trifluoroethanol) TFE-induced conformational transitions of α-helical proteins. Furthermore, as SAMp73 binds to lipids through a well-known polypeptide patch, we can test whether TFE is a good mimic of lipids and membranes...
April 1, 2017: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218651/proteome-characteristics-of-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-liver-tissue-and-associated-hepatocellular-carcinomas
#16
Anna Kakehashi, Vasily E Stefanov, Naomi Ishii, Takahiro Okuno, Hideki Fujii, Kazuaki Kawai, Norifumi Kawada, Hideki Wanibuchi
To uncover mechanisms of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) associated hepatocarcinogenesis, we compared the proteomes of human NASH-associated liver biopsies, resected hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) and HCCs of HCV⁺ patients with normal liver tissue of patients with gastrointestinal tumor metastasis, in formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded samples obtained after surgery in our hospital during the period from 2006 to 2011. In addition, proteome analysis of liver tumors in male STAM NASH-model mice was performed...
February 17, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218036/chemopreventive-effect-of-omega-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-and-atorvastatin-in-rats-with-bladder-cancer
#17
Nahla E El-Ashmawy, Eman G Khedr, Hoda A El-Bahrawy, Samar M Al-Tantawy
Bladder cancer remains a huge concern for the medical community because of its incidence and prevalence rates, as well as high percentage of recurrence and progression. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and atorvastatin proved anti-inflammatory effects through peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma mechanism. However, their chemopreventive effect still remained to be examined and clarified. In this study, bladder cancer was induced in rats by the chemical carcinogen N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine...
February 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217890/cerebellar-hemangioblastoma-with-perivascular-pseudorosette-formation-and-glial-differentiation-a-case-report
#18
Jian Wang, Xu-Yong Lin, Xue-Shan Qiu, En-Hua Wang, Lian-He Yang, Juan-Han Yu
Hemangioblastoma is a well-circumscribed, highly vascular, lipid-rich and low-grade tumor of uncertain histogenesis. Its histopathological features have been well established. Herein, we present a case of cerebellar hemangioblastoma in a 43-year-old woman. Histologically, the tumor was predominantly composed of cellular areas showing eosinophilic or vacuolated stromal cells arranged in nests and sheets. Focally, conventional reticular areas could be seen. Additionally, in some areas, the stromal cells were arranged radially around blood vessels, exhibiting perivascular pseudorosette structures, which were similar mostly to those of ependymomas...
August 24, 2016: Neuropathology: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212554/afb1-hepatocarcinogenesis-is-via-lipid-peroxidation-that-inhibits-dna-repair-sensitizes-mutation-susceptibility-and-induces-aldehyde-dna-adducts-at-p53-mutational-hotspot-codon-249
#19
Mao-Wen Weng, Hyun-Wook Lee, Bongkun Choi, Hsiang-Tsui Wang, Yu Hu, Manju Mehta, Dhimant Desai, Shantu Amin, Yi Zheng, Moon-Shong Tang
Aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) contamination in the food chain is a major cause of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). More than 60% of AFB1 related HCC carry p53 codon 249 mutations but the causal mechanism remains unclear. We found that 1) AFB1 induces two types of DNA adducts in human hepatocytes, AFB1-8,9-epoxide-deoxyguanosine (AFB1-E-dG) induced by AFB1-E and cyclic α-methyl-γ-hydroxy-1,N2-propano-dG (meth-OH-PdG) induced by lipid peroxidation generated acetaldehyde (Acet) and crotonaldehyde (Cro); 2) the level of meth-OH-PdG is >30 fold higher than the level of AFB1-E-dG; 3) AFB1, Acet, and Cro, but not AFB1-E, preferentially induce DNA damage at codon 249; 4) methylation at -CpG- sites enhances meth-OH-PdG formation at codon 249; and 5) repair of meth-OH-PdG at codon 249 is poor...
March 14, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204974/lipid-peroxidation-dependent-cell-death-regulated-by-gpx4-and-ferroptosis
#20
Hirotaka Imai, Masaki Matsuoka, Takeshi Kumagai, Taro Sakamoto, Tomoko Koumura
Glutathione peroxidase 4 (Phospholipid hydroperoxide glutathione peroxidase, PHGPx) can directly reduce phospholipid hydroperoxide. Depletion of GPx4 induces lipid peroxidation-dependent cell death in embryo, testis, brain, liver, heart, and photoreceptor cells of mice. Administration of vitamin E in tissue specific GPx4 KO mice restored tissue damage in testis, liver, and heart. These results indicate that suppression of phospholipid peroxidation is essential for cell survival in normal tissues in mice. Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent non-apoptotic cell death that can elicited by pharmacological inhibiting the cystine/glutamate antiporter, system Xc(-) (type I) or directly binding and loss of activity of GPx4 (Type II) in cancer cells with high level RAS-RAF-MEK pathway activity or p53 expression, but not in normal cells...
2017: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
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