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p53 lipid

Yeter Topcu-Tarladacalisir, Melike Sapmaz-Metin, Turan Karaca
Curcumin has several biological functions particularly antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. The aims of this study are determination of the protective effects of curcumin on cisplatin-induced renal tubular cell apoptosis and related pathways in kidney. Eighteen male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into three groups (n = 6): the control, cisplatin (CP), and cisplatin + curcumin (CP + CUR). Acute renal damage was induced by single dose of cisplatin (7.5 mg/kg) injected by intraperitoneally (i...
October 19, 2016: Renal Failure
Joohwee Kim, Vivek Vaish, Mingxiao Feng, Kevin Field, Ioulia Chatzistamou, Minsub Shim
Cyclooxygenase (COX) is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of prostanoids, lipid signaling molecules that regulate various physiological processes. COX2, one of the isoforms of COX, is highly inducible in response to a wide variety of cellular and environmental stresses. Increased COX2 expression is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of many age-related diseases. COX2 expression is also reported to be increased in the tissues of aged humans and mice, which suggests the involvement of COX2 in the aging process...
October 7, 2016: Aging
Lingman Ma, Lifen Qian, Qidi Ying, Yan Zhang, Changlin Zhou, Guanzhong Wu
Here, we investigated whether I4, which was initially developed as a hypoglycemic agent, possesses anti-atherosclerotic activity and attempted to elucidate the probable mechanism of action underlying this activity. ApoE(-/-) mice were fed a Western diet and simultaneously administered I4, glimepiride, or pioglitazone once daily for 12 weeks, and the atherosclerotic vascular lesions, lipid content, and expression levels of LOX-1, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and Bax/Bcl-2 in mouse aortas were assessed. RAW264.7 macrophage-derived foam cells were obtained via ox-LDL stimulation to investigate the lipid-lowering, anti-atherosclerotic inflammation and anti-apoptotic effect of I4...
October 7, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
Oyinbo A Charles, Igbigbi S Patrick, Avwioro O Godwin
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-induced neurodegeneration, a consequence of chronic ethanol exposure, is a neuroadaptation that drives the progression of alcohol use disorder (AUD). Unfortunately, conventional drugs for AUDs do not prevent neurodegeneration as part of their pharmacological repertoire. Multimodal neuroprotective therapeutic agents are hypothesized to have high therapeutic utility in the treatment of central nervous system. Interestingly, nutraceuticals by nature are multimodal in mechanisms of action...
September 2016: Annals of Neurosciences
Vincent So, Divyanshi Jalan, Mathieu Lemaire, Matthew K Topham, Grant M Hatch, Richard M Epand
The incorporation of glycerol into lipid was measured using SV40 transformed mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) from either wild-type (WT) mice or from mice in which the epsilon isoform of diacylglycerol kinase (DGKε) was knocked out (DGKε(-/-)). We present an explanation for our finding that DGKε(-/-) MEFs exhibited greater uptake of (3)H-glycerol into the cell and a greater incorporation into lipids compared with their WT counterparts, with no change in the relative amounts of various lipids between the DGKε(-/-) and WT MEFs...
October 3, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Jarmila Nahálková
The present review summarizes the knowledge about a protein-interaction network, which includes proteins with significant functions in the mechanisms of aging and age-related diseases. All the detected interacting proteins TPPII, p53, MYBBP1A, CDK2 and SIRT7, SIRT6, and CD147 are suitable for the development of antitumor therapeutics and treatments for diseases of aging. TPPII and SIRT6 directly affect glucose metabolism which drive malignant growth. In addition, SIRT6 activators are attractive candidates for Alzheimer's disease (AD) due to the protection effect of SIRT6 overexpression from DNA damage...
October 3, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Yang Ou, Shang-Jui Wang, Dawei Li, Bo Chu, Wei Gu
Although p53-mediated cell-cycle arrest, senescence, and apoptosis remain critical barriers to cancer development, the emerging role of p53 in cell metabolism, oxidative responses, and ferroptotic cell death has been a topic of great interest. Nevertheless, it is unclear how p53 orchestrates its activities in multiple metabolic pathways into tumor suppressive effects. Here, we identified the SAT1 (spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase 1) gene as a transcription target of p53. SAT1 is a rate-limiting enzyme in polyamine catabolism critically involved in the conversion of spermidine and spermine back to putrescine...
October 3, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
K Matsuura, K Canfield, W Feng, M Kurokawa
Apoptosis is a cellular suicide program that plays a critical role in development and human diseases, including cancer. Cancer cells evade apoptosis, thereby enabling excessive proliferation, survival under hypoxic conditions, and acquired resistance to therapeutic agents. Among various mechanisms that contribute to the evasion of apoptosis in cancer, metabolism is emerging as one of the key factors. Cellular metabolites can regulate functions of pro- and antiapoptotic proteins. In turn, p53, a regulator of apoptosis, also controls metabolism by limiting glycolysis and facilitating mitochondrial respiration...
2016: International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology
Viera Schwarzbacherová, Maciej Wnuk, Anna Lewinska, Leszek Potocki, Jacek Zebrowski, Marek Koziorowski, Beáta Holečková, Katarína Šiviková, Ján Dianovský
Tango(®) Super is a two-compound fungicide formulation widely employed in grain protection. However, details of Tango(®) Super effects on cell cultures have not been fully investigated. In this study, bovine lymphocytes were exposed to a concentration range 0.5; 1.5; 3; 6; and 15 μg mL(-1) for 4 h to assess the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of the fungicide. Our experiments revealed that this fungicide treatment reduced cell viability, decreased cell proliferation and provoked apoptotic cell death. Cell cycle analysis showed predominant accumulation of cells in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle...
September 22, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Ingela Lanekoff, Jeeyeon Cha, Jennifer E Kyle, Sudhansu K Dey, Julia Laskin, Kristin E Burnum-Johnson
Here we demonstrate that conditional deletion of mouse uterine Trp53 (p53(d/d)), molecularly linked to mTORC1 activation and causally linked to premature uterine senescence and preterm birth, results in aberrant lipid signatures within the heterogeneous cell types of embryo implantation sites on day 8 of pregnancy. In situ nanospray desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry imaging (nano-DESI MSI) was used to characterize the molecular speciation of free fatty acids, monoacylglycerol species, unmodified and oxidized phosphatidylcholine (PC/Ox-PC), and diacylglycerol (DG) species within implantation sites of p53(d/d) mice and floxed littermates...
2016: Scientific Reports
Srinivasan Periasamy, Chuan-Teng Liu, Se-Ping Chien, Ying-Chien Chen, Ming-Yie Liu
Ketoconazole (KCZ) is the most commonly used systemic antifungal drug. However, long-term treatment of KCZ induces hepatic injury. Oxidative stress is involved in KCZ-induced hepatic injury. Oxidative stress plays an important role in apoptosis-associated hepatic damage. Sesame oil is rich in potent antioxidants and antifungal constituents. It attenuates hepatic injury by inhibiting oxidative stress. Thus, sesame oil may protect against KCZ-induced oxidative stress, apoptosis and hepatic damage. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of sesame oil as a nutritional supplement on KCZ-induced hepatic injury in mice...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
Hua Wu, Xue-Li Yu, Xian-Fei Guo, Fan Zhang, Xu-Zhe Pei, Xiao-Xia Li, Wen-Xia Han, Ying-Hua Li
This study aimed to investigate the developmental potential of and the ultrastructural changes and gene expression differences resulting from liquid helium (LHe; -269 °C) vitrification in immature bovine oocytes. Immature oocytes were randomly divided into three groups: fresh oocytes (control, negative control), oocytes vitrified in liquid nitrogen (LN group, positive control), and oocytes vitrified in LHe (LHe group). In experiment 1, the rates of normal morphology, maturation, cleavage, and blastocyst in the LHe group were higher than those in the LN group (87...
August 16, 2016: Theriogenology
Keiko Omori, Eiji Kobayashi, Jeffrey Rawson, Masafumi Takahashi, Yoko Mullen
Prolonged pancreas cold ischemia is known to negatively correlate with islet isolation outcomes, hindering successful islet transplantation to treat Type-1 Diabetes. Due to poor islet isolation outcome, pancreata with over 16 h cold ischemia are currently not considered for islet transplantation. Mechanisms involved in pancreas cold ischemia/rewarming mediated islet damage during islet isolation and culture are not well understood. Using an en bloc cold preserved rat pancreas preparation, we attempted to clarify possible mechanisms of islet death associated with prolonged pancreas cold ischemia and subsequent rewarming...
October 2016: Cryobiology
Se Mi Park, Seul Kee Byeon, Hyerim Sung, Soo Young Cho, Je Kyung Seong, Myeong Hee Moon
Lipids are important signaling molecules regulating biological processes under normal and diseased conditions. Although p53 mutation is well-known for causing cancer, the relationship between p53-related tumorigenesis and altered lipid profile is unclear. We profiled differences in lipid expressions in liver, lung, and kidney in p53 knockout (KO) mice by high-speed quantitative analysis of 320 lipids (399 species identified) using nanoflow ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (nUPLC-MS/MS)...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Proteome Research
Sabrina Krautbauer, Elisabeth M Meier, Lisa Rein-Fischboeck, Rebekka Pohl, Thomas S Weiss, Alexander Sigruener, Charalampos Aslanidis, Gerhard Liebisch, Christa Buechler
Lipid composition affects membrane function, cell proliferation and cell death and is changed in cancer tissues. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is an aggressive cancer and this study aimed at a comprehensive characterization of hepatic and serum lipids in human HCC. Cholesteryl ester were higher in tumorous tissues (TT) compared to adjacent non-tumorous tissues (NT). Free cholesterol exerting cytotoxic effects was not changed. Phosphatidylethanolamine, -serine (PS) and -inositol but not phosphatidylcholine (PC) and lysophosphatidylcholine (LPC) were reduced in HCC tissues...
August 25, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Jésica Flores-Martín, Luciana Reyna, Magali E Ridano, Graciela M Panzetta-Dutari, Susana Genti-Raimondi
StarD7 is an intracellular lipid transport protein identified as up-regulated in the choriocarcinoma JEG-3 cell line. StarD7 facilitates the delivery of phosphatidylcholine (PC) to the mitochondria, and StarD7 knockdown causes a reduction in phospholipid synthesis. Since inhibition of PC synthesis may lead to endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress we hypothesized that StarD7 may be involved in maintaining cell homeostasis. Here, we examined the effect of StarD7 silencing on ER stress response and on the levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the human hepatoma cell line HepG2...
August 20, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Wenhong Ma, Xingfang Huang, Xing Yang, Xiaoyan Liang
PURPOSE: The aims of the present study are to identify the mechanism(s) whereby obesity impairs fresh embryos and to clarify the effects of vitrification on lipid droplet content within embryos from maternally obese mice. METHODS: The diet-induced obesity mouse model was established, and the zygotes were captured and cultured to day 3. The eight-cell embryos were selected and divided into fresh and vitrified groups. The blastocysts derived from fresh embryos were used as a control...
August 20, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Almudena Pérez-Sánchez, Enrique Barrajón-Catalán, María Herranz-López, Julián Castillo, Vicente Micol
BACKGROUND: Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation is one of the main causes of a variety of cutaneous disorders, including photoaging and skin cancer. Its UVB component (280-315nm) leads to oxidative stress and causes inflammation, DNA damage, p53 induction and lipid and protein oxidation. Recently, an increase in the use of plant polyphenols with antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties has emerged to protect human skin against the deleterious effects of sunlight. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the protective effects of lemon balm extract (LBE) (Melissa Officinalis, L) and its main phenolic compound rosmarinic acid (RA) against UVB-induced damage in human keratinocytes...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Dermatological Science
Zeping Zhao, Matthew Barcus, Jonggun Kim, Krystal L Lum, Courtney Mills, Xin Gen Lei
BACKGROUND: Prolonged high intakes of dietary selenium have been shown to induce gestational diabetes in rats and hyperinsulinemia in pigs. OBJECTIVE: Two experiments were conducted to explore metabolic and molecular mechanisms for the diabetogenic potential of high dietary selenium intakes in pigs. METHODS: In Expt. 1, 16 Yorkshire-Landrace-Hampshire crossbred pigs (3 wk old, body weight = 7.5 ± 0.81 kg, 50% males and 50% females) were fed a corn-soybean meal basal diet supplemented with 0...
September 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Nasi Li, Darleny Y Lizardo, G Ekin Atilla-Gokcumen
Lipids are emerging as key regulators of fundamental cellular processes including cell survival, division, and death. Apoptosis, a form of programmed cell death, is accompanied by numerous membrane-related phenotypic changes. However, we have an incomplete understanding of the involvement of specific lipid structures during this process. Here, we report that triacylglycerols are regulated at the molecular level during 5-fluorouracil-induced apoptosis in HCT-116. Mass-spectrometry-based global lipid profiling shows that specific triacylglycerols accumulate during apoptosis...
September 16, 2016: ACS Chemical Biology
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