keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

p53 lipid

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888001/antioxidants-and-hne-in-redox-homeostasis
#1
REVIEW
Wojciech Łuczaj, Agnieszka Gęgotek, Elżbieta Skrzydlewska
Under physiological conditions, cells are in a stable state known as redox homeostasis, which is maintained by the balance between continuous ROS/RNS generation and several mechanisms involved in antioxidant activity. ROS overproduction results in alterations in the redox homeostasis that promote oxidative damage to major components of the cell, including the biomembrane phospholipids. Lipid peroxidation subsequently generates a diverse set of products, including α,β-unsaturated aldehydes. Of these products, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is the most studied aldehyde on the basis of its involvement in cellular physiology and pathology...
November 22, 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875786/inflammation-dysregulated-metabolism-and-aromatase-in-obesity-and-breast-cancer
#2
REVIEW
Heba Zahid, Evan R Simpson, Kristy A Brown
Obesity is associated with an increased risk of estrogen-dependent breast cancer after menopause. Adipose tissue undergoes important changes in obesity due to excess storage of lipids, leading to adipocyte cell death and the recruitment of macrophages. The resultant state of chronic low-grade inflammation is associated with the activation of NFkB signaling and elevated levels of aromatase, the rate-limiting enzyme in estrogen biosynthesis. This occurs not only in the visceral and subcutaneous fat, but also in the breast fat...
November 19, 2016: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871799/molecular-mechanisms-of-pfoa-induced-toxicity-in-animals-and-humans-implications-for-health-risks
#3
REVIEW
Kan Li, Peng Gao, Ping Xiang, Xuxiang Zhang, Xinyi Cui, Lena Q Ma
As an emerging persistent organic pollutant (POP), perfluorooctanoate (PFOA) is one of the most abundant perfluorinated compounds (PFCs) in the environment. This review summarized the molecular mechanisms and signaling pathways of PFOA-induced toxicity in animals and humans as well as their implications for health risks in humans. Traditional PFOA-induced signal pathways such as peroxisome proliferating receptor alpha (PPARα), constitutive androstane receptor (CAR), farnesoid X receptor (FXR), and pregnane-X receptor (PXR) may not be important for PFOA-induced health effects on humans...
November 18, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864105/epigallocatechin-3-gallate-prevents-cardiac-apoptosis-by-modulating-the-intrinsic-apoptotic-pathway-in-isoproterenol-induced-myocardial-infarction
#4
Azza I Othman, Magda M Elkomy, M A El-Missiry, Mohammed Dardor
(-)Epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCG) is an emerging natural therapy. This study examined the cardioprotective effect of EGCG on isoproterenol-induced myocardial damage and apoptosis and EGCG's role in modulating the expression of apoptotic signaling proteins. Experimental myocardial infarction was induced in albino Westar rats by isoproterenol (ISO) administration (100mg/kg, s.c.) at an interval of 24h on the 6th and 7th day. EGCG (15mg/kg, i.p.) was administered seven days before ISO. EGCG pretreatment significantly showed an anti-lipidemic effect and protected the cell membrane integrity, as shown by the blocking of changes in serum levels of CK-MB, LDH, ALP, ALT and troponin T...
November 15, 2016: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819311/global-changes-in-lipid-profiles-of-mouse-cortex-hippocampus-and-hypothalamus-upon-p53-knockout
#5
Sang Tak Lee, Jong Cheol Lee, Jong Whi Kim, Soo Young Cho, Je Kyung Seong, Myeong Hee Moon
Comprehensive lipidomic profiling in three different brain tissues (cortex, hippocampus, and hypothalamus) of mouse with p53 deficiency was performed by nanoflow liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (nLC-MS/MS) and the profile was compared with that of the wild type. p53 gene is a well-known tumour suppressor that prevents genome mutations that can cause cancers. More than 300 lipids (among 455 identified species), including phospholipids (PLs), sphingolipids, ceramides (Cers), and triacylglycerols (TAGs) were quantitatively analysed by selective reaction monitoring (SRM) of nanoflow ultrahigh performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry (nUPLC-ESI-MS/MS)...
November 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811061/liver-p53-is-stabilized-upon-starvation-and-required-for-amino-acid-catabolism-and-gluconeogenesis
#6
Andreas Prokesch, Franziska A Graef, Tobias Madl, Jennifer Kahlhofer, Steffi Heidenreich, Anne Schumann, Elisabeth Moyschewitz, Petra Pristoynik, Astrid Blaschitz, Miriam Knauer, Matthias Muenzner, Juliane G Bogner-Strauss, Gottfried Dohr, Tim J Schulz, Michael Schupp
The ability to adapt cellular metabolism to nutrient availability is critical for survival. The liver plays a central role in the adaptation to starvation by switching from glucose-consuming processes and lipid synthesis to providing energy substrates like glucose to the organism. Here we report a previously unrecognized role of the tumor suppressor p53 in the physiologic adaptation to food withdrawal. We found that starvation robustly increases p53 protein in mouse liver. This induction was posttranscriptional and mediated by a hepatocyte-autonomous and AMP-activated protein kinase-dependent mechanism...
November 3, 2016: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766434/mg132-plus-apoptosis-antigen-1-apo-1-antibody-cooperate-to-restore-p53-activity-inducing-autophagy-and-p53-dependent-apoptosis-in-hpv16-e6-expressing-keratinocytes
#7
Alfredo Lagunas-Martínez, Enrique García-Villa, Magaly Arellano-Gaytán, Carla O Contreras-Ochoa, Jisela Dimas-González, María E López-Arellano, Vicente Madrid-Marina, Patricio Gariglio
The E6 oncoprotein can interfere with the ability of infected cells to undergo programmed cell death through the proteolytic degradation of proapoptotic proteins such as p53, employing the proteasome pathway. Therefore, inactivation of the proteasome through MG132 should restore the activity of several proapoptotic proteins. We investigated whether in HPV16 E6-expressing keratinocytes (KE6 cells), the restoration of p53 levels mediated by MG132 and/or activation of the CD95 pathway through apoptosis antigen-1 (APO-1) antibody are responsible for the induction of apoptosis...
October 20, 2016: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758164/curcumin-counteracts-cisplatin-induced-nephrotoxicity-by-preventing-renal-tubular-cell-apoptosis
#8
Yeter Topcu-Tarladacalisir, Melike Sapmaz-Metin, Turan Karaca
Curcumin has several biological functions particularly antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. The aims of this study are determination of the protective effects of curcumin on cisplatin-induced renal tubular cell apoptosis and related pathways in kidney. Eighteen male Wistar albino rats were randomly divided into three groups (n = 6): the control, cisplatin (CP), and cisplatin + curcumin (CP + CUR). Acute renal damage was induced by single dose of cisplatin (7.5 mg/kg) injected by intraperitoneally (i...
October 19, 2016: Renal Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750221/transgenic-expression-of-cyclooxygenase-2-cox2-causes-premature-aging-phenotypes-in-mice
#9
Joohwee Kim, Vivek Vaish, Mingxiao Feng, Kevin Field, Ioulia Chatzistamou, Minsub Shim
Cyclooxygenase (COX) is a key enzyme in the biosynthesis of prostanoids, lipid signaling molecules that regulate various physiological processes. COX2, one of the isoforms of COX, is highly inducible in response to a wide variety of cellular and environmental stresses. Increased COX2 expression is thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of many age-related diseases. COX2 expression is also reported to be increased in the tissues of aged humans and mice, which suggests the involvement of COX2 in the aging process...
October 7, 2016: Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27725191/i4-a-synthetic-anti-diabetes-agent-attenuates-atherosclerosis-through-its-lipid-lowering-anti-inflammatory-and-anti-apoptosis-properties
#10
Lingman Ma, Lifen Qian, Qidi Ying, Yan Zhang, Changlin Zhou, Guanzhong Wu
Here, we investigated whether I4, which was initially developed as a hypoglycemic agent, possesses anti-atherosclerotic activity and attempted to elucidate the probable mechanism of action underlying this activity. ApoE(-/-) mice were fed a Western diet and simultaneously administered I4, glimepiride, or pioglitazone once daily for 12 weeks, and the atherosclerotic vascular lesions, lipid content, and expression levels of LOX-1, ICAM-1, VCAM-1 and Bax/Bcl-2 in mouse aortas were assessed. RAW264.7 macrophage-derived foam cells were obtained via ox-LDL stimulation to investigate the lipid-lowering, anti-atherosclerotic inflammation and anti-apoptotic effect of I4...
October 7, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721582/jobelyn%C3%A2-supplement-lowered-neuronal-degeneration-significance-of-altered-p53-and-%C3%A9-enolase-protein-expressions-in-prefrontal-cortex-of-rat-exposed-to-ethanol
#11
Oyinbo A Charles, Igbigbi S Patrick, Avwioro O Godwin
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-induced neurodegeneration, a consequence of chronic ethanol exposure, is a neuroadaptation that drives the progression of alcohol use disorder (AUD). Unfortunately, conventional drugs for AUDs do not prevent neurodegeneration as part of their pharmacological repertoire. Multimodal neuroprotective therapeutic agents are hypothesized to have high therapeutic utility in the treatment of central nervous system. Interestingly, nutraceuticals by nature are multimodal in mechanisms of action...
September 2016: Annals of Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27713003/diacylglycerol-kinase-epsilon-suppresses-expression-of-p53-and-glycerol-kinase-in-mouse-embryo-fibroblasts
#12
Vincent So, Divyanshi Jalan, Mathieu Lemaire, Matthew K Topham, Grant M Hatch, Richard M Epand
The incorporation of glycerol into lipid was measured using SV40 transformed mouse embryo fibroblasts (MEFs) from either wild-type (WT) mice or from mice in which the epsilon isoform of diacylglycerol kinase (DGKε) was knocked out (DGKε(-/-)). We present an explanation for our finding that DGKε(-/-) MEFs exhibited greater uptake of (3)H-glycerol into the cell and a greater incorporation into lipids compared with their WT counterparts, with no change in the relative amounts of various lipids between the DGKε(-/-) and WT MEFs...
October 3, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699588/the-protein-interaction-network-with-functional-roles-in-tumorigenesis-neurodegeneration-and-aging
#13
Jarmila Nahálková
The present review summarizes the knowledge about a protein-interaction network, which includes proteins with significant functions in the mechanisms of aging and age-related diseases. All the detected interacting proteins TPPII, p53, MYBBP1A, CDK2 and SIRT7, SIRT6, and CD147 are suitable for the development of antitumor therapeutics and treatments for diseases of aging. TPPII and SIRT6 directly affect glucose metabolism which drive malignant growth. In addition, SIRT6 activators are attractive candidates for Alzheimer's disease (AD) due to the protection effect of SIRT6 overexpression from DNA damage...
October 3, 2016: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698118/activation-of-sat1-engages-polyamine-metabolism-with-p53-mediated-ferroptotic-responses
#14
Yang Ou, Shang-Jui Wang, Dawei Li, Bo Chu, Wei Gu
Although p53-mediated cell-cycle arrest, senescence, and apoptosis remain critical barriers to cancer development, the emerging role of p53 in cell metabolism, oxidative responses, and ferroptotic cell death has been a topic of great interest. Nevertheless, it is unclear how p53 orchestrates its activities in multiple metabolic pathways into tumor suppressive effects. Here, we identified the SAT1 (spermidine/spermine N(1)-acetyltransferase 1) gene as a transcription target of p53. SAT1 is a rate-limiting enzyme in polyamine catabolism critically involved in the conversion of spermidine and spermine back to putrescine...
October 3, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692180/metabolic-regulation-of-apoptosis-in-cancer
#15
K Matsuura, K Canfield, W Feng, M Kurokawa
Apoptosis is a cellular suicide program that plays a critical role in development and human diseases, including cancer. Cancer cells evade apoptosis, thereby enabling excessive proliferation, survival under hypoxic conditions, and acquired resistance to therapeutic agents. Among various mechanisms that contribute to the evasion of apoptosis in cancer, metabolism is emerging as one of the key factors. Cellular metabolites can regulate functions of pro- and antiapoptotic proteins. In turn, p53, a regulator of apoptosis, also controls metabolism by limiting glycolysis and facilitating mitochondrial respiration...
2016: International Review of Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27667677/evaluation-of-cytotoxic-and-genotoxic-activity-of-fungicide-formulation-tango-%C3%A2-super-in-bovine-lymphocytes
#16
Viera Schwarzbacherová, Maciej Wnuk, Anna Lewinska, Leszek Potocki, Jacek Zebrowski, Marek Koziorowski, Beáta Holečková, Katarína Šiviková, Ján Dianovský
Tango(®) Super is a two-compound fungicide formulation widely employed in grain protection. However, details of Tango(®) Super effects on cell cultures have not been fully investigated. In this study, bovine lymphocytes were exposed to a concentration range 0.5; 1.5; 3; 6; and 15 μg mL(-1) for 4 h to assess the cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of the fungicide. Our experiments revealed that this fungicide treatment reduced cell viability, decreased cell proliferation and provoked apoptotic cell death. Cell cycle analysis showed predominant accumulation of cells in the G0/G1 phase of the cell cycle...
September 22, 2016: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27620843/trp53-deficient-mice-predisposed-to-preterm-birth-display-region-specific-lipid-alterations-at-the-embryo-implantation-site
#17
Ingela Lanekoff, Jeeyeon Cha, Jennifer E Kyle, Sudhansu K Dey, Julia Laskin, Kristin E Burnum-Johnson
Here we demonstrate that conditional deletion of mouse uterine Trp53 (p53(d/d)), molecularly linked to mTORC1 activation and causally linked to premature uterine senescence and preterm birth, results in aberrant lipid signatures within the heterogeneous cell types of embryo implantation sites on day 8 of pregnancy. In situ nanospray desorption electrospray ionization mass spectrometry imaging (nano-DESI MSI) was used to characterize the molecular speciation of free fatty acids, monoacylglycerol species, unmodified and oxidized phosphatidylcholine (PC/Ox-PC), and diacylglycerol (DG) species within implantation sites of p53(d/d) mice and floxed littermates...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619544/daily-sesame-oil-supplementation-mitigates-ketoconazole-induced-oxidative-stress-mediated-apoptosis-and-hepatic-injury
#18
Srinivasan Periasamy, Chuan-Teng Liu, Se-Ping Chien, Ying-Chien Chen, Ming-Yie Liu
Ketoconazole (KCZ) is the most commonly used systemic antifungal drug. However, long-term treatment of KCZ induces hepatic injury. Oxidative stress is involved in KCZ-induced hepatic injury. Oxidative stress plays an important role in apoptosis-associated hepatic damage. Sesame oil is rich in potent antioxidants and antifungal constituents. It attenuates hepatic injury by inhibiting oxidative stress. Thus, sesame oil may protect against KCZ-induced oxidative stress, apoptosis and hepatic damage. The aim of the present study was to investigate the protective effect of sesame oil as a nutritional supplement on KCZ-induced hepatic injury in mice...
August 25, 2016: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614924/effect-of-liquid-helium-vitrification-on-the-ultrastructure-and-related-gene-expression-of-mature-bovine-oocytes-after-vitrifying-at-immature-stage
#19
Hua Wu, Xue-Li Yu, Xian-Fei Guo, Fan Zhang, Xu-Zhe Pei, Xiao-Xia Li, Wen-Xia Han, Ying-Hua Li
This study aimed to investigate the developmental potential of and the ultrastructural changes and gene expression differences resulting from liquid helium (LHe; -269 °C) vitrification in immature bovine oocytes. Immature oocytes were randomly divided into three groups: fresh oocytes (control, negative control), oocytes vitrified in liquid nitrogen (LN group, positive control), and oocytes vitrified in LHe (LHe group). In experiment 1, the rates of normal morphology, maturation, cleavage, and blastocyst in the LHe group were higher than those in the LN group (87...
August 16, 2016: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587006/mechanisms-of-islet-damage-mediated-by-pancreas-cold-ischemia-rewarming
#20
Keiko Omori, Eiji Kobayashi, Jeffrey Rawson, Masafumi Takahashi, Yoko Mullen
Prolonged pancreas cold ischemia is known to negatively correlate with islet isolation outcomes, hindering successful islet transplantation to treat Type-1 Diabetes. Due to poor islet isolation outcome, pancreata with over 16 h cold ischemia are currently not considered for islet transplantation. Mechanisms involved in pancreas cold ischemia/rewarming mediated islet damage during islet isolation and culture are not well understood. Using an en bloc cold preserved rat pancreas preparation, we attempted to clarify possible mechanisms of islet death associated with prolonged pancreas cold ischemia and subsequent rewarming...
October 2016: Cryobiology
keyword
keyword
89085
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"