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Vitex agnus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559215/casticin-from-vitex-species-a-short-review-on-its-anticancer-and-anti-inflammatory-properties
#1
REVIEW
Eric Wei Chiang Chan, Siu Kuin Wong, Hung Tuck Chan
This short review provides an update of the anticancer and anti-inflammatory properties of casticin from Vitex species. Casticin is a polymethylflavone with three rings, an orthocatechol moiety, a double bond, two hydroxyl groups and four methoxyl groups. Casticin has been isolated from various tissues of plants in the Vitex genus: fruits and leaves of V. trifolia; aerial parts and seeds of V. agnus-castus and leaves of V. negundo. Studies have reported the antiproliferative and apoptotic activities of casticin from Vitex species...
March 6, 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403626/a-review-of-effective-herbal-medicines-in-controlling-menopausal-symptoms
#2
REVIEW
Rahele Kargozar, Hoda Azizi, Roshanak Salari
Background: Acute menopausal syndrome especially hot flashes, is one of the most common gynecological problems during menopause. Due to the side effects of hormone therapy, herbal and complementary medicines are always of immense interest to people in the treatment and management of the symptoms and complications of menopause. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanisms and effects of medicinal plants employed in the treatment of menopausal symptoms...
November 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316611/european-ethnopharmaceuticals-for-self-medication-in-japan-review-experience-of-vitis-vinifera-l-folium-extract-and-vitex-agnus-castus-l-fructus-extract-as-otc-drugs
#3
REVIEW
Tatsuro Hoshino, Nanami Muto, Shinsuke Tsukada, Takatoshi Nakamura, Hikoichiro Maegawa
Since the publication of "Application Guideline for Western Traditional Herbal Medicines as OTC Drugs" in 2007, only two European ethnopharmaceuticals, Vitis vinifera L., folium extract (Antistax) and Vitex agnus-castus L., fructus extract (Prefemin), have been approved as OTC drugs in Japan. In this review, we describe the current regulation of Western ethnopharmaceuticals in Japan, summarize our regulatory experiences and discuss the scientific and regulatory issues involved.
January 6, 2018: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315936/biosynthesis-of-bioactive-diterpenoids-in-the-medicinal-plant-vitex-agnus-castus
#4
Allison M Heskes, Tamil C M Sundram, Berin A Boughton, Niels B Jensen, Nikolaj L Hansen, Christoph Crocoll, Federico Cozzi, Simon Rasmussen, Britta Hamberger, Björn Hamberger, Dan Staerk, Birger L Møller, Irini Pateraki
Vitex agnus-castus L. (Lamiaceae) is a medicinal plant historically used throughout the Mediterranean region to treat menstrual cycle disorders, and is still used today as a clinically effective treatment for premenstrual syndrome. The pharmaceutical activity of the plant extract is linked to its ability to lower prolactin levels. This feature has been attributed to the presence of dopaminergic diterpenoids that can bind to dopamine receptors in the pituitary gland. Phytochemical analyses of V. agnus-castus show that it contains an enormous array of structurally related diterpenoids and, as such, holds potential as a rich source of new dopaminergic drugs...
March 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243308/western-herbal-medicine-consultations-for-common-menstrual-problems-practitioner-experiences-and-perceptions-of-treatment
#5
Carole Fisher, Jon Adams, Jane Frawley, Louise Hickman, David Sibbritt
To explore the prevalence with which Australian Western herbalists treat menstrual problems and their related treatment, experiences, perceptions, and interreferral practices with other health practitioners. Members of the Practitioner Research and Collaboration Initiative practice-based research network identifying as Western Herbalists (WHs) completed a specifically developed, online questionnaire. Western Herbalists regularly treat menstrual problems, perceiving high, though differential, levels of effectiveness...
March 2018: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072824/introduction-of-a-putative-biocontrol-agent-into-a-range-of-phytoplasma-and-liberibacter-susceptible-crop-plants
#6
Ofir Lidor, Orit Dror, Dor Hamershlak, Nofar Shoshana, Eduard Belausov, Tirtza Zahavi, Netta Mozes-Daube, Vered Naor, Einat Zchori-Fein, Lilach Iasur-Kruh, Ofir Bahar
BACKGROUND: Phytoplasma, the causative agent of Bois Noir disease of grapevines, are vectored by the planthopper Hyalesthes obsoletus (Hemiptera: Cixiidae). A Dyella-like bacterium (DLB) isolated from H. obsoletus inhibits the growth of Spiroplasma melliferum, a cultivable relative of phytoplasma. Additional evidence suggests that DLB can reduce the symptoms of yellows disease in grapevine plantlets. The aim of this study was to test whether DLB could colonize a range of phytoplasma- and liberibacter-sensitive crop plants, and thus assess its potential agricultural use...
April 2018: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063202/vitex-agnus-castus-for-premenstrual-syndrome-and-premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Raphael O Cerqueira, Benicio N Frey, Emilie Leclerc, Elisa Brietzke
The objective of this study was to evaluate whether Vitex agnus castus is a safe and effective treatment for PMS and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) and to discuss the implications of these findings for clinical practice. A systematic review of literature was conducted using PubMed and Scielo databases. The inclusion criteria were randomized controlled trials (RCT) using V. agnus castus in individuals with PMS or PMDD that compared this intervention with placebo or an active comparator and included a description of blinding and dropouts/withdrawals...
December 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019913/toxic-elements-in-different-medicinal-plants-and-the-impact-on-human-health
#8
Eid I Brima
Local medicinal plants from Madina, Saudi Arabia, are used to cure various diseases. However, some can cause adverse health effects. Five different medicinal plants were collected in the city of Madina: mahareeb ( Cymbopogon ), sheeh ( Artemisia ), harjal ( Cynanchum argel delile ), nabipoot ( Equisetum ), and kafmariam ( Vitex agnus-castus ). In total, four toxic elements including Al, Pb, As, and Cd were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). The range of recoveries fell between 86...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714737/breastfeeding-a-review-of-its-physiology-and-galactogogue-plants-in-view-of-traditional-persian-medicine
#9
Roghayeh Javan, Behjat Javadi, Zohre Feyzabadi
INTRODUCTION: The beneficial effects of breastfeeding for the infant and mother are well recognized. Many natural products are reputed to be galactogogue agents in major Traditional Persian Medicine (TPM) textbooks. The aim of this study is to review those medicinal plants that are reported to be effective in increasing breast milk in TPM and to compare the data from TPM texts with the findings of modern pharmacological and clinical research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on the medicinal plants used to increase breast milk were obtained from major TPM textbooks...
September 2017: Breastfeeding Medicine: the Official Journal of the Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515766/pancreatic-protective-and-hypoglycemic-effects-of-vitex-agnus-castus-l-fruit-hydroalcoholic-extract-in-d-galactose-induced-aging-mouse-model
#10
Akram Ahangarpour, Ali Akbar Oroojan, Layasadat Khorsandi, Seyedeh Asma Najimi
D-galactose induces pancreatic disorder along with aging mouse model. Vitex agnus-castus (VAC) has potential pancreatic protective effect. Hence, this study was designed to evaluate the hypoglycemic and pancreas protective effects of VAC hydroalcoholic extract in D-galactose-induced aging female mice. In the present experimental study, 72 adult female Naval Medical Research Institute (NMRI) mice (weighing 30-35 g) were divided into 6 groups of control, VAC hydroalcoholic extract, D-galactose, D-galactose + VAC hydroalcoholic extract, aged, aged + VAC hydroalcoholic extract...
April 2017: Research in Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501215/assessment-of-in-vitro-dopamine-neuroblastoma-cell-interactions-with-a-bioelectric-biosensor-perspective-for-a-novel-in-vitro-functional-assay-for-dopamine-agonist-antagonist-activity
#11
Theofylaktos Apostolou, Georgia Moschopoulou, Evdokia Kolotourou, Spyridon Kintzios
Current receptor-binding assays for dopamine do not measure the in vitro whole cellular response against dopamine or potential agonist/antagonist molecules. We herewith report the development of a novel functional assay concept for studying the in vitro interaction of the neurotransmitter dopamine with neural cells bearing dopamine receptors. The concept is based on the ultra-rapid measurement of changes in the electric properties of cultured N2a mouse neuroblastoma cells (corresponding to cumulative changes of the cell membrane potential)...
August 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375113/antibacterial-activity-of-crude-methanolic-extract-and-various-fractions-of-vitex-agnus-castus-and-myrsine-africana-against-clinical-isolates-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Bashir Ahmad, Nabia Hafeez, Gulshan Ara, Sadiq Azam, Shumaila Bashir, Ibrar Khan
Staphylococcus aureus is a nosocomial pathogen that resides in the soft tissues causing many diseases. The current study was conducted to determine the prevalence of Methicillin Resistant S. aureus (MRSA) in ear discharge and pus of patients and antibacterial activity of crude methanolic extract (Cr. MeOH Ext.) and various fractions of M. Africana and V. agnus castus against clinical isolates of MRSA. A total of 40 samples were collected from ear, nose and throat (ENT) outpatient department and wards of Khyber Teaching Hospital (KTH), Peshawar...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326847/anti-angiogenic-activity-and-phytochemical-screening-of-fruit-fractions-from-vitex-agnus-castus
#13
Giovanna Certo, Rosaria Costa, Valeria D'Angelo, Marina Russo, Ambrogina Albergamo, Giacomo Dugo, Maria Paola Germanò
Although the antitumour activity of Vitex agnus castus fruits has been already addressed, no work has yet assessed their anti-angiogenic potential. To this purpose, several extractive fractions of such fruits were tested on zebrafish embrios by EAP assay, so that only the bioactive fractions could be subsequently tested on the chick chorioallantoic membrane by CAM assay. Bioactive fractions were also phytochemically screened to identify those bioactive compounds responsible for anti-angiogenic activity. A marked inhibition of vessel formation was detected only in zebrafish embryos treated with chloroform or ethyl acetate fractions...
December 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243425/systematic-review-of-premenstrual-postmenstrual-and-infertility-disorders-of-vitex-agnus-castus
#14
REVIEW
Mahmoud Rafieian-Kopaei, Mino Movahedi
INTRODUCTION: Vitex agnus-castus, also called vitex is aboriginal to the Mediterranean region, with long leaves, tender stem, flowers and ripening seeds. The aim of this study was to overview premenstrual, postmenstrual and infertility disorder of Vitex agnus-castus. METHODS: This review article was carried out by searching studies in PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and IranMedex databases. The initial search strategy identified about 87 references. In this study, 43 studies were accepted for further screening, and met all our inclusion criteria (in English, full text, therapeutic effects of Vitex agnus-castus and dated mainly from the year 2009 to 2016)...
January 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237870/the-treatment-of-premenstrual-syndrome-with-preparations-of-vitex-agnus-castus-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Saskia Verkaik, Astrid M Kamperman, Roos van Westrhenen, Peter F J Schulte
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome is characterized by the cyclic occurrence of physical, behavioral and psychological symptoms during the luteal phase of the menstrual cycle disappearing within a few days of the onset of menstruation. Generally symptoms are mild, but 5-8% of women suffer from severe PMS. Apart from conventional drugs, like serotonin reuptake inhibitors and oral contraceptives, complementary and alternative medicines such as Vitex agnus castus are used by many women experiencing PMS...
August 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165811/nanoemulsion-for-improving-solubility-and-permeability-of-vitex-agnus-castus-extract-formulation-and-in-vitro-evaluation-using-pampa-and-caco-2-approaches
#16
Vieri Piazzini, Elena Monteforte, Cristina Luceri, Elisabetta Bigagli, Anna Rita Bilia, Maria Camilla Bergonzi
The purpose of this study was to develop new formulation for an improved oral delivery of Vitex agnus-castus (VAC) extract. After the optimization and validation of analytical method for quali-quantitative characterization of extract, nanoemulsion (NE) was selected as lipid-based nanocarrier. The composition of extract-loaded NE resulted in triacetin as oil phase, labrasol as surfactant, cremophor EL as co-surfactant and water. NE contains until 60 mg/mL of extract. It was characterized by DLS and TEM analyses and its droplets appear dark with an average diameter of 11...
November 2017: Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27976124/nanoemulsions-to-enhance-oral-bioavailability-of-vitex-agnus-castus-extract
#17
V Piazzini, E Monteforte, C Luceri, E Bigagli, C Guccione, A R Bilia, M C Bergonzi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822252/effects-of-hydro-alcoholic-extract-of-vitex-agnus-castus-fruit-on-kidney-of-d-galactose-induced-aging-model-in-female-mice
#18
A A Oroojan, A Ahangarpour, L Khorsandi, S A Najimi
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of a hydro-alcoholic extract of Vitex agnus-castus (VAC) fruit on blood urea nitrogen (BUN), creatinine (Cr) and, kidney histology of a female mouse model of D-galactose induced aging. In this experimental study, 72 NMRI mice were divided into 6 groups: control, VAC, D-galactose, D-galactose+VAC, aging, and aging+VAC. D-galactose was injected for 45 days and, VAC extract administered in the last 7 days, twice a day. Serum BUN and Cr levels were not significantly changed in the D-galactose and natural aged animals in comparison to control group...
2016: Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677719/botanicals-and-their-bioactive-phytochemicals-for-women-s-health
#19
REVIEW
Birgit M Dietz, Atieh Hajirahimkhan, Tareisha L Dunlap, Judy L Bolton
Botanical dietary supplements are increasingly popular for women's health, particularly for older women. The specific botanicals women take vary as a function of age. Younger women will use botanicals for urinary tract infections, especially Vaccinium macrocarpon (cranberry), where there is evidence for efficacy. Botanical dietary supplements for premenstrual syndrome (PMS) are less commonly used, and rigorous clinical trials have not been done. Some examples include Vitex agnus-castus (chasteberry), Angelica sinensis (dong quai), Viburnum opulus/prunifolium (cramp bark and black haw), and Zingiber officinale (ginger)...
October 2016: Pharmacological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27661281/-study-of-lipids-seed-s-oil-of-vitex-agnus-castus-growing-in-georgia
#20
B Kikalishvili, D Zurabashvili, Ts Sulakvelidze, M Malania, D Turabelidze
There was established the lipid composition of the seeds of Vitex agnus castus L. by the qualitative and quantitative methods of analyses. There were received neutral lipids from the seeds by extraction with hexane in the yield 10%, counted on dry material. For the divide of neutral lipids there was used silica gel plates LS 5/40 in the systems of solvents: 1. petroleum ether-diethylether-acidum aceticum (85:14:1), 2. hexane-diethylether (1:1). After obtaining neutral lipids from the residual plant shrot pollar lipids was extracted with the mixture of chloroform-methanol (2:1) and was divided on silica gel plates LS 5/40, mobile phase: 1...
July 2016: Georgian Medical News
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