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Roseana Böek Carvalho, Maria Fernanda Hornos Carneiro, Fernando Barbosa, Bruno Lemos Batista, Júlia Simonetti, Sergio Luis Amantéa, Cláudia Ramos Rhoden
Vehicles play an important role in modern life; however, they also generate hazards. Occupational exposed subjects are in long-term contact with harmful products, which sets these professionals in a susceptible group to air pollutant damage. The aims of this study were to quantify individual exposure to pollutant gases and chemical elements and to evaluate oxidative and genetic damage in professional motorcyclists and office workers. We recruited professional motorcyclists and office workers from Porto Alegre, Brazil, between January and December 2016...
April 27, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sarah Durkin, Megan Bayly, Emily Brennan, Lois Biener, Melanie Wakefield
Emotive anti-tobacco advertisements can increase quitting. Discrete emotion theories suggest evoking fear may be more effective than sadness; less research has focused on hope. A weekly cross-sectional survey of smokers and recent quitters (N = 7683) measured past-month quit attempts. The main predictor was level of exposure to four different types of anti-tobacco advertisements broadcast in the two months prior to quit attempts: advertisements predominantly evoking fear, sadness, hope, or evoking multiple negative emotions (i...
2018: Journal of Health Communication
William J A Saville, Jitender P Dubey, Antoinette E Marsh, Stephen M Reed, Robert O Keene, Daniel K Howe, Jennifer Morrow, Jeffrey D Workman
Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) is an important equine neurologic disorder, and treatments for the disease are often unrewarding. Prevention of the disease is the most important aspect for EPM, and a killed vaccine was previously developed for just that purpose. Evaluation of the vaccine had been hampered by lack of post vaccination challenge. The purpose of this study was to determine if the vaccine could prevent development of clinical signs after challenge with Sarcocystis neurona sporocysts in an equine challenge model...
November 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
Yuying Sun, Guangdong Wang, Yuxia Li, Li Jiang, Yuxia Yang, Shuangxue Guan
Cymbidium faberi is a traditional orchid flower in China that is highly appreciated for its fragrant aroma from its zygomorphic flowers. One bottleneck of the commercial production of C. faberi is the long vegetative growth phase of the orchid and the difficulty of the regulation of its flowering time. Moreover, its flower size, shape and color are often targeting traits for orchid breeders. Understanding the molecular mechanisms of floral development in C. faberi will ultimately benefit the genetic improvement of this orchid plant...
2016: SpringerPlus
J Ren, X L Guo, Z L Lu, J Y Zhang, J L Tang, X Chen, C C Gao, C X Xu, A Q Xu
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. In 2010, a goal released by the American Heart Association (AHA) Committee focused on the primary reduction in cardiovascular risk. METHODS: Data collected from 7683 men and 7667 women aged 18-69 years were analyzed. The distribution of ideal cardiovascular health metrics based on 7 cardiovascular disease risk factors or health behaviors in according to the definition of AHA was evaluated among the subjects...
September 7, 2016: BMC Public Health
Barbara A Maher, Imad A M Ahmed, Vassil Karloukovski, Donald A MacLaren, Penelope G Foulds, David Allsop, David M A Mann, Ricardo Torres-Jardón, Lilian Calderon-Garciduenas
Biologically formed nanoparticles of the strongly magnetic mineral, magnetite, were first detected in the human brain over 20 y ago [Kirschvink JL, Kobayashi-Kirschvink A, Woodford BJ (1992) Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 89(16):7683-7687]. Magnetite can have potentially large impacts on the brain due to its unique combination of redox activity, surface charge, and strongly magnetic behavior. We used magnetic analyses and electron microscopy to identify the abundant presence in the brain of magnetite nanoparticles that are consistent with high-temperature formation, suggesting, therefore, an external, not internal, source...
September 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Katy Jl Bell, Andrew Hayen, Paul Glasziou, Les Irwig, Richard Eastell, Stephanie L Harrison, Dennis M Black, Douglas C Bauer
We aimed to compare the clinical validity and the detectability of response of short-term changes in bone mineral density (BMD; hip and spine) and bone turnover markers (serum PINP and CTX) through secondary analysis of trial data. We analyzed data on 7765 women with osteoporosis randomized to 5-mg once-yearly infusions of zoledronic acid or placebo in the Health Outcomes and Reduced Incidence with Zoledronic Acid Once Yearly Pivotal Fracture Trial (HORIZON-PFT; trial ran from 2002 to 2006) and the first extension trial (trial ran from 2006 to 2009)...
September 2016: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Sonia J Rowley, Xavier Pochon, Les Watling
As conspicuous modular components of benthic marine habitats, gorgonian (sea fan) octocorals have perplexed taxonomists for centuries through their shear diversity, particularly throughout the Indo-Pacific. Phenotypic incongruence within and between seemingly unitary lineages across contrasting environments can provide the raw material to investigate processes of disruptive selection. Two distinct phenotypes of the Isidid Isis hippurisLinnaeus, 1758 partition between differing reef environments: long-branched bushy colonies on degraded reefs, and short-branched multi/planar colonies on healthy reefs within the Wakatobi Marine National Park (WMNP), Indonesia...
2015: PeerJ
Andreas S Rigas, Ole B Pedersen, Cecilie J Sørensen, Erik Sørensen, Sebastian R Kotzé, Mikkel S Petersen, Lise W Thørner, Henrik Hjalgrim, Christian Erikstrup, Henrik Ullum
BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life (HRQL) represents people's subjective assessment of their mental and physical well-being. HRQL is highly predictive of future health. The effect of iron deficiency without anemia induced by blood donation on HRQL is presently unknown. The aim was to explore the relationship between iron status and self-reported mental component score (MCS; SF-12) and physical component score (PCS; SF-12) in Danish blood donors. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: Complete relevant data, including the 12-item short-form health survey (SF-12), plasma ferritin levels, age, body mass index, smoking status, C-reactive protein levels, number of donations in the previous 3 years, and PCS and MCS, were available for 8692 men and 7683 women enrolled from March 1, 2010, to December 31, 2010...
July 2015: Transfusion
Yi-Jing Luo, Bai-Sheng Xie, Xiang-Lin Lv, Man Cai, Ya-Nan Wang, Heng-Lin Cui, Hua Cai, Xiao-Lei Wu
Two moderately halophilic strains, designated SL013A34A2(T) and SL013A24A, were isolated from oil-contaminated saline soil from Shengli Oilfield, eastern China. Cells were found to be Gram-staining negative, aerobic, rod-shaped with a single polar flagellum. The isolates were found to grow at 10-40 °C (optimum 35 °C), pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum pH 8.0), and NaCl concentrations of 0.5-18.0 % (w/v) (optimum 3.0-6.0 NaCl). The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that the isolates belong to the genus Marinobacter...
April 2015: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek
Ho Yee Tiong, Raj K Goel, Wesley M White, David A Goldfarb, Jihad H Kaouk
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence, presentation, management, and outcomes of chylous ascites following laparoscopic donor nephrectomy. METHODS: An Internet-based, multi-institutional survey was performed using An email invitation to the voluntary survey was sent to 30 transplant centers and posted on CenterSpan, an email forum for transplant surgeons. The number of living donor transplantations and the number of cases of chylous ascites with clinical information, treatment and outcomes were sought from the questionnaire...
February 2015: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
S Hesselman, U Högberg, K Ekholm-Selling, E-B Råssjö, M Jonsson
OBJECTIVE: To compare single- with double-layer closure of the uterus for the risk of uterine rupture in women attempting vaginal birth after one prior caesarean delivery. DESIGN: Cohort study. SETTING: Sweden. POPULATION: From a total of 19 604 nulliparous women delivered by caesarean section in the years 2001-2007, 7683 women attempting vaginal birth in their second delivery were analysed. METHODS: Data from population-based registers were linked to hospital-based registers that held data from maternity and delivery records...
October 2015: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Anoop J Sahoo, Yugal Kumar
BACKGROUND: Now-a-days, some new classes of diseases have come into existences which are known as lifestyle diseases. The main reasons behind these diseases are changes in the lifestyle of people such as alcohol drinking, smoking, food habits etc. After going through the various lifestyle diseases, it has been found that the fertility rates (sperm quantity) in men has considerably been decreasing in last two decades. Lifestyle factors as well as environmental factors are mainly responsible for the change in the semen quality...
2014: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Hugues Beaufrère, Mélanie Ammersbach, Drury R Reavill, Michael M Garner, J Jill Heatley, Nobuko Wakamatsu, Javier G Nevarez, Thomas N Tully
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of clinically relevant atherosclerotic lesions in birds and identify epidemiological variables and illness types associated with development of atherosclerosis. DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. SAMPLE: Records of 7683 psittacine birds, including 525 with advanced atherosclerosis. PROCEDURES: 5 pathology centers provided databases and access to histopathology slides. Age and sex were collected for all birds of the Amazona, Ara, Cacatua, Nymphicus, and Psittacus genera...
June 15, 2013: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Zhengrong Sun, Zhitao Lu, Jianhua Liu, Guili Wang, Weiqiang Zhou, Lianxia Yang, Chao Liu, Qiang Ruan
Human papillomavirus (HPV) 52 is an oncogenic HPV type prevalent in Asia. The aim of the study was to analyze HPV 52 genetic variations in women from Northeast China. To explore the intratypic variants of HPV 52, the genomic regions of L1, E6, E7 and long control region (LCR) of HPV 52, which have been identified in women from Northeast China by HPV GenoArray test, were analyzed. Twenty-five mutations were identified in the regions examined. Of the mutations found in the L1 gene, three novel nonsynonymous mutations of C5640T, A5641T and G5642A were located within the region that encodes the binding domain of neutralizing antibodies against HPV 52...
2012: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Ali A El-Emam, Omar A Al-Deeb, Abdulghafoor A Al-Turkistani, Seik Weng Ng, Edward R T Tiekink
In the title compound, C(22)H(20)ClN(3)S(2), the S-bound benzene rings are inclined [dihedral angles = 78.13 (10) and 36.70 (9)°] with respect to the pyrimidine ring. The methyl-propyl group occupies a position normal to the pyrimidine ring [N-C-C-C torsion angle = 92.3 (2)°]. In the crystal, supra-molecular layers are formed in the bc plane, being consolidated by C-H⋯π and π-π inter-actions, the latter between the pyrimidine and S-bound benzene rings [inter-centroid distance = 3.7683 (12) Å]...
July 1, 2012: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Structure Reports Online
P Jennersjö, J Ludvigsson, T Länne, F H Nystrom, J Ernerudh, C J Östgren
AIMS: The aim of this study was to explore the association between pedometer-determined physical activity versus measures of obesity, inflammatory markers and arterial stiffness in people with Type 2 diabetes. METHODS: We analysed data from 224 men and 103 women with Type 2 diabetes, aged 54-66 years. Physical activity was measured with waist-mounted pedometers during three consecutive days and the number of steps/day were calculated and classified in four groups: < 5000 steps/day, 5000-7499 steps/day, 7500-9999 steps/day and ≥ 10000 steps/day...
September 2012: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
Doina Moaleş, A F Spac, Carmen Gavriliu, M Bădără, Dorina Iftimie, Elena Butnaru
UNLABELLED: Due to the consumption of alcoholic beverages with methanol content above the admitted limit, a woman from Bacău died at the Bacău County Hospital after 9 hours of hospitalization. MATERIALS AND METHODS: For the toxicological examination blood, liver, bile, stomach, intestine and kidney samples were analyzed in order to establish the concentration of methanol. Determination of methanol was carried out by gas chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (GC-MS), analyzing the distillates obtained from blood and organs...
October 2011: Revista Medico-chirurgicală̆ a Societă̆ţ̜ii de Medici ş̧i Naturaliş̧ti Din Iaş̧i
Yochan Joung, Haneul Kim, Taeyong Jang, Tae-Seok Ahn, Kiseong Joh
A non-motile, Gram-stain-negative, yellow pigmented, rod-shaped bacterium, strain HMD3159(T), was isolated from a solar saltern in Korea. The major fatty acids were iso-C(15:0) (26.3%), iso-C(17:0) 3OH (12.1%), iso-C(16:0) (12.0%), summed feature 3 (comprising C(16:1) ω7c and/or C(16:1) ω6c; 11.0%) and summed feature 9 (iso-C17:1 ω9c and/or 10-methyl C(16:0); 10.0%). The major respiratory quinone was MK-6. The DNA G+C content was 40.9 mol%. The phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain HMD3159(T) formed a lineage within the genus Gramella and closely related to Gramella gaetbulicola (95...
December 2011: Journal of Microbiology / the Microbiological Society of Korea
Xinna Zhu, Weibing Liu, René Lametsch, Frank Aarestrup, Chunlei Shi, Qunxin She, Xianming Shi, Susanne Knøchel
The foodborne pathogen Listeria monocytogenes is able to form biofilms in food processing environments. Previously, we have reported that an lm.G_1771 gene (encoding a putative ABC-transporter permease) was involved in negative regulation of L. monocytogenes biofilm formation using LM-49, a biofilm-enhanced mutant isolated on Tn917 mutagenesis (AEM 2008 p.7675-7683). Here, the possible action of this ABC-transporter permease in L. monocytogenes biofilm formation was characterized by phenotypic, proteomic, and genomic analyses using an lm...
April 2011: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
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