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Pamela S Filby, Sundeep Rayat
Intramolecular cyclization of the heteroenyne-allene, 2-((biphenyl-2-ylimino)methyleneamino)benzonitrile 1 to phenanthridine-fused quinazoliniminium salt PQ in the presence of a Lewis acid at room temperature involves formation of two new bonds: a C-C bond and a C-N bond. In this article, density functional theory (B3LYP and M06-2X) was employed in conjunction with 6-311G* basis set to gain insights into the mechanism of this cyclization reaction. The solvent effects were considered using Polarizable Continuum Model with nitromethane as the solvent...
January 19, 2018: Journal of Organic Chemistry
Alfredo Ornelas, Kaitlyn N Williams, Kevin A Hatch, Aurelio Paez, Angela C Aguilar, Cameron C Ellis, Nishat Tasnim, Supriyo Ray, Carl W Dirk, Thomas Boland, Binata Joddar, Chunqiang Li, Katja Michael
A 34-amino acid long collagen-like peptide rich in proline, hydroxyproline, and glycine, and with four photoreactive N-acyl-7-nitroindoline units incorporated into the peptide backbone was synthesized by on-resin fragment condensation. Its circular dichroism supports a stable triple helix structure. The built-in photochemical function enables the decomposition of the peptide into small peptide fragments by illumination with UV light of 350 nm in aqueous solution. Illumination of a thin film of the peptide, or a thin film of a photoreactive amino acid model compound containing a 5-bromo-7-nitroindoline moiety, with femtosecond laser light at 710 nm allows for the creation of well-resolved micropatterns...
January 18, 2018: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
Kai-Jin Huang, Yi-Chen Huang, Yuya Angel Lin
Histidine-containing peptides are valuable therapeutic agents for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. However, the synthesis of histidine-containing peptides is not trivial due to the potential of imidazole sidechain of histidine to act as a nucleophile if unprotected. A peptide ligation method utilizing the imidazole sidechain of histidine has been developed. The key imidazolate intermediate that acts as an internal acyl transfer catalyst during ligation is generated by deprotonation. Transesterification with amino acids or peptides tethered with C-terminal thioester followed by N to N acyl shifts led to the final ligated products...
January 18, 2018: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
Yang Hai, Yi Tang
Truncated PKS-NRPS megasynthases in which only the C-domain is present are widespread in fungi, yet nearly all members have unknown functions. Bioinformatics analysis showed that the C domains of such PKS-C enzymes are noncanonical due to substitu-tion at the second histidine in the active site HHxxxDG motif. Here, we used genome mining strategy to characterize a cryptic PKS-C hybrid from Talaromyces wortmanii and discovered the products are reduced long chain polyketides amidated with a specif-ic ω-amino acid 5-aminopentanoic acid (5PA)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Magdalena Kiezel-Tsugunova, Alexandra C Kendall, Anna Nicolaou
Human skin has a distinct profile of fatty acids and related bioactive lipid mediators that regulate many aspects of epidermal and dermal homeostasis, including immune and inflammatory reactions. Sebum lipids act as effective antimicrobial agents, shape immune cell communications and contribute to the epidermal lipidome. The essential fatty acid linoleic acid is crucial for the structure of the epidermal barrier, while polyunsaturated fatty acids act as precursors to eicosanoids, octadecanoids and docosanoids through cyclooxygenase, lipoxygenase and cytochrome P450 monooxygenase-mediated reactions, and endocannabinoids and N-acyl ethanolamines...
January 12, 2018: Biochemical Society Transactions
Marion Nicol, Stéphane Alexandre, Jean-Baptiste Luizet, Malena Skogman, Thierry Jouenne, Suzana P Salcedo, Emmanuelle Dé
The increasing threat of Acinetobacter baumannii as a nosocomial pathogen is mainly due to the occurrence of multidrug-resistant strains that are associated with the real problem of its eradication from hospital wards. The particular ability of this pathogen to form biofilms contributes to its persistence, increases antibiotic resistance, and promotes persistent/device-related infections. We previously demonstrated that virstatin, which is a small organic compound known to decrease virulence of Vibrio cholera via an inhibition of T4-pili expression, displayed very promising activity to prevent A...
January 10, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Elke Stein, Adam Schikora
Bacterial cells use the quorum sensing system to communicate with each other. The gram-negative species very often use N-acyl homoserine lactones for this purpose. One of the easiest ways to detect these molecules is the use of particular reporter strains, which possess different kinds of reporter genes under the control of AHL-responsive promoters. Here we present some of the possibilities available today, even for not specialized researchers.
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Paul R Wratil, Rüdiger Horstkorte
Sialic acid (Sia) is a highly important constituent of glycoconjugates, such as N- and O-glycans or glycolipids. Due to its position at the non-reducing termini of oligo- and polysaccharides, as well as its unique chemical characteristics, sialic acid is involved in a multitude of different receptor-ligand interactions. By modifying the expression of sialic acid on the cell surface, sialic acid-dependent interactions will consequently be influenced. This can be helpful to investigate sialic acid-dependent interactions and has the potential to influence certain diseases in a beneficial way...
November 25, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Andrea Angeli, Niccolò Chiaramonte, Dina Manetti, Maria Novella Romanelli, Claudiu T Supuran
Four human (h) carbonic anhydrase isoforms (CA, EC, hCA I, II, IV, and VII, were investigated for their activation profile with piperazines belonging to various classes, such as N-aryl-, N-alkyl-, N-acyl-piperazines as well as 2,4-disubstituted derivatives. As the activation mechanism involves participation of the activator in the proton shuttling between the zinc-coordinated water molecule and the external milieu, these derivatives possessing diverse basicity and different scaffolds were appropriate for being investigated as CA activators (CAAs)...
December 2018: Journal of Enzyme Inhibition and Medicinal Chemistry
Hilke Bruns, Jennifer Herrmann, Rolf Müller, Hui Wang, Irene Wagner Döbler, Stefan Schulz
The marine bacterium Roseovarius tolerans EL-164 (Rhodobacteraceae) can produce unique N-acylalanine methyl esters (NAMEs) besides strucutrally related N-acylhomoserine lactones (AHLs), bacterial signaling compounds widespread in the Rhodobacteraceae. The structures of two unprecedented NAMEs carrying a rare terminally oxidized acyl chain are reported here. The compounds (Z)-N-16-hydroxyhexadec-9-enoyl-l-alanine methyl ester (Z9-16-OH-C16:1-NAME, 3) and (Z)-N-15-carboxypentadec-9-enoyl-l-alanine methyl ester (16COOH-C16:1-NAME, 4) were isolated, and the structures were determined by NMR and MS experiments...
December 20, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
H Purandara, Sabine Foro, B Thimme Gowda
To explore the effect of the nature of substitutions on the structural parameters and hydrogen-bond inter-actions in N-acyl-hydrazone derivatives, the crystal structures of three ortho-substituted N-acyl-hydrazone derivatives, namely (E)-N-{2-[2-(2-chloro-benzyl-idene)hydrazin-yl]-2-oxoeth-yl}-4-methyl-benzene-sulfon-amide, C16H16ClN3O3S (I), (E)-N-{2-[2-(2-methyl-benzyl-idene)hydrazin-yl]-2-oxoeth-yl}-4-methyl-benzene-sulfonamide, C17H19N3O3S (II), and (E)-N-{2-[2-(2-nitro-benzyl-idene)hydrazin-yl]-2-oxoeth-yl}-4-methyl-benzene-sulfonamide, C16H16N4O5S (III), have been determined...
December 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Ana Carolina Del V Leguina, Carolina Nieto, Hipólito M Pajot, Elisa V Bertini, Walter Mac Cormack, Lucía I Castellanos de Figueroa, Carlos G Nieto-Peñalver
The inactivation of quorum sensing signals, a phenomenon known as quorum quenching, has been described in diverse microorganisms, though it remains almost unexplored in yeasts. Beyond the well-known properties of these microorganisms for the industry or as eukaryotic models, the role of yeasts in soil or in the inner tissues of a plant is largely unknown. In this report, the wider survey of quorum quenching activities in yeasts isolated from Antarctic soil and the inner tissues of sugarcane, a tropical crop, is presented...
January 2018: Fungal Biology
Diby Paul, Judy Gopal, Manish Kumar, Muthu Manikandan
Communication is the sole means by which effective networking and co-existence is accomplished amongst living beings. Microbes have their own chit-chats. Science has overheard these microbial gossips and have concluded that these aren't just informal communications, but carefully coordinated signals that plan their effective strategies. Tracking one such signal molecule, N-acyl homoserine lactone (AHL), led to a fundamental understanding to microbial quorum sensing (QS). Furtherance of research sought for ways to cut off communication between these virulent forms, so as to hinder their combinatorial attacks through quorum sensing inhibitors (QSIs)...
December 14, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
Han Chen, Ang Li, Di Cui, Qiao Wang, Dan Wu, Chongwei Cui, Fang Ma
Bacteria can coordinate and synchronize activities through a cell density-dependent regulatory mechanism called quorum sensing (QS). Bacteria can measure their population by the synthesis, secretion, and perception of QS signal molecules to regulate specific gene expression when the population reaches a critical threshold. QS participates in various microbial processes such as marine organism bioluminescence, bacterial biofilm formation, and virulence factor expression. The use of QS systems mediated by N-acyl-homoserine lactones and autoinducer-2 has been recently recognized as a promising regulatory approach in environmental science and technology that can intrinsically promote the profound comprehension of wastewater treatment from a microbiology perspective...
December 16, 2017: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Rajan Abraham, Prakash Periakaruppan, Karthikeyan Mahendran, Murugappan Ramanathan
A novel N-acyl substituted indole-linked benzimidazoles and naphthoimidazoles were synthesized. Their chemical structures were confirmed using spectroscopic tools including 1H NMR, 13C NMR and CHN-elemental analyses. Anti inflammatory activity for all target compounds was evaluated in-vitro. The synthesized compounds hinder the biofilm formation and control the growth of the pathogen, Staphylococcus epidermis. Anti microbial activity of the compounds was evaluated against both Gram negative and Gram positive bacteria such as Staphylococcus aureus (MTCC 2940), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (MTCC424), Escherchia coli (MTCC 443) and Enterococcus fecalis...
December 9, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
Servane Le Guillouzer, Marie-Christine Groleau, Eric Déziel
The genome of the bacterium Burkholderia thailandensis encodes three complete LuxI/LuxR-type quorum sensing (QS) systems: BtaI1/BtaR1 (QS-1), BtaI2/BtaR2 (QS-2), and BtaI3/BtaR3 (QS-3). The LuxR-type transcriptional regulators BtaR1, BtaR2, and BtaR3 modulate the expression of target genes in association with various N-acyl-l-homoserine lactones (AHLs) as signaling molecules produced by the LuxI-type synthases BtaI1, BtaI2, and BtaI3. We have systematically dissected the complex QS circuitry of B. thailandensis strain E264...
December 5, 2017: MBio
Xinpeng Li, Ami Kawamura, Yusuke Sato, Masaki Morishita, Kosuke Kusamori, Hidemasa Katsumi, Toshiyasu Sakane, Akira Yamamoto
In this study, the effects of N-acyl taurates (NATs) on the intestinal absorption of curcumin (CUR), a water-insoluble and poorly absorbed compound, were examined in rats. Sodium methyl lauroyl taurate (LMT) and sodium methyl cocoyl taurate (CMT) were the most effective in increasing the solubility and intestinal absorption of CUR. The intestinal membrane toxicity of the NATs was also evaluated by measuring the activity of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), a toxicity marker. NATs did not increase the activity of LDH, suggesting that they may be safely administered orally...
2017: Biological & Pharmaceutical Bulletin
Shan Tang, Chao Zuo, Dong-Liang Huang, Xiao-Ying Cai, Long-Hua Zhang, Chang-Lin Tian, Ji-Shen Zheng, Lei Liu
Chemical synthesis can produce membrane proteins bearing specifically designed modifications (e.g., phosphorylation, isotope labeling) that are difficult to obtain through recombinant protein expression approaches. The resulting homogeneously modified synthetic membrane proteins are valuable tools for many advanced biochemical and biophysical studies. This protocol describes the chemical synthesis of membrane proteins by condensation of transmembrane peptide segments through native chemical ligation. To avoid common problems encountered due to the poor solubility of transmembrane peptides in almost any solvent, we describe an effective procedure for the chemical synthesis of membrane proteins through the removable-backbone modification (RBM) strategy...
December 2017: Nature Protocols
Sizhe Li, Julien Wawrzyniak, Yves Queneau, Laurent Soulère
The ability of the 2-substituted aniline motif to serve as a scaffold for designing potential LuxR-regulated quorum sensing (QS) modulators has been investigated, using docking experiments and biological evaluation of a series of 15 specially synthesized compounds. Aniline, 2-acetyl-aniline and 2-nitroaniline were considered, as well as their N-acylated derivatives. Docking experiments showed that the 2-substituted aniline motif fits within the LuxR binding site at the place of the lactone moiety of AHL, and the biological evaluation revealed QS antagonisitic activity for several compounds, validating the hypothesis that this scaffold acts on QS...
November 29, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Henryk Myszka, Patrycja Sokołowska, Agnieszka Cieślińska, Andrzej Nowacki, Maciej Jaśkiewicz, Wojciech Kamysz, Beata Liberek
The synthesis of diosgenyl 2-amino-2-deoxy-β-D-galactopyranoside is presented for the first time. This synthetic saponin was transformed into its hydrochloride as well as N-acyl, 2-ureido, N-alkyl, and N,N-dialkyl derivatives. Antifungal and antibacterial studies show that some of the obtained compounds are active against Gram-positive bacteria and Candida type fungi.
2017: Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry
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