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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538468/hearing-preservation-in-pediatric-cochlear-implantation
#1
Matthew L Carlson, Neil S Patel, Nicole M Tombers, Melissa D DeJong, Alyce I Breneman, Brian A Neff, Colin L W Driscoll
OBJECTIVE: Currently, there is a paucity of literature evaluating hearing preservation outcomes in children following cochlear implantation. The objective of the current study is to report pediatric hearing preservation results following cochlear implantation with conventional full-length electrodes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review (2000-2016). SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: All pediatric patients with a ≤ 75 dB preoperative low-frequency pure tone average (LFPTA; 250-500 Hz average), who underwent cochlear implantation with a conventional length electrode...
May 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538349/clinical-rounds
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538306/effects-of-sparring-load-on-reaction-speed-and-punch-force-during-the-precompetition-and-competition-periods-in-boxing
#3
Esa Hukkanen, Keijo Häkkinen
Hukkanen, E and Häkkinen, K. Effects of sparring load on reaction speed and punch force during the precompetition and competition periods in boxing. J Strength Cond Res 31(6): 1563-1568, 2017-Seven, male, national-level boxers (age, 20.3 ± 2.7 years; height, 1.80 ± 0.06 m; mass, 73.8 ± 11.1 kg) participated in this study to investigate the effects of sparring on reaction time and punch force of straight punches measured during the precompetition and competition periods. Heart rate and blood lactate concentrations were also monitored...
June 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537754/development-of-a-standardized-kalamazoo-communication-skills-assessment-tool-for-radiologists-validation-multisource-reliability-and-lessons-learned
#4
Stephen D Brown, Elizabeth A Rider, Katherine Jamieson, Elaine C Meyer, Michael J Callahan, Carolynn M DeBenedectis, Sarah D Bixby, Michele Walters, Sara F Forman, Pamela H Varrin, Peter Forbes, Christopher J Roussin
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to develop and test a standardized communication skills assessment instrument for radiology. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Delphi method was used to validate the Kalamazoo Communication Skills Assessment instrument for radiology by revising and achieving consensus on the 43 items of the preexisting instrument among an interdisciplinary team of experts consisting of five radiologists and four nonradiologists (two men, seven women)...
May 24, 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534712/benefit-of-adjunct-universal-rectal-screening-for-chlamydia-genital-infections-in-women-attending-canadian-sexually-transmitted-infection-clinics
#5
Nguyen X Thanh, Ilke Akpinar, Jennifer Gratrix, Sabrina Plitt, Petra Smyczek, Ron Read, Philip Jacobs, Tom Wong, Ameeta E Singh
Adding universal rectal screening to urogenital screening should positively impact rectal Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) incidence in affected populations. A dynamic Markov model was used to evaluate costs and outcomes of three rectal CT screening strategies among women attending sexually transmitted infection clinics in Alberta, Canada: universal urogenital-only screening (UG-only), additional selected (exposure-based) rectal screening (UG+SR), and additional universal rectal screening (UG+UR). The model included two mutually exclusive health states: infected and susceptible...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533184/multi-institutional-development-of-a-mastoidectomy-performance-evaluation-instrument
#6
Thomas Kerwin, Brad Hittle, Don Stredney, Paul De Boeck, Gregory Wiet
OBJECTIVE: A method for rating surgical performance of a mastoidectomy procedure that is shown to apply universally across teaching institutions has not yet been devised. This work describes the development of a rating instrument created from a multi-institutional consortium. DESIGN: Using a participatory design and a modified Delphi approach, a multi-institutional group of expert otologists constructed a 15-element task-based checklist for evaluating mastoidectomy performance...
May 20, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532845/characterization-of-undifferentiated-spermatogonia-and-the-spermatogonial-niche-in-the-lambari-fish-astyanax-altiparanae
#7
Marília de Paiva Camargo, Mônica Cassel, Lázaro Wender Oliveira de Jesus, Rafael Henrique Nóbrega, Maria Inês Borella
Undifferentiated type A spermatogonia are the foundation of fish spermatogenesis. This cell population includes the spermatogonial stem cell population, which is able to either self-renew or differentiate into cells that will generate the male gamete - the spermatozoa. Spermatogonia stem cells are located in a specific region of the testes known as the spermatogonial niche, which regulates spermatogonial stem cell function. This study characterizes undifferentiated type A spermatogonia and their S-phase label-retaining cell properties in Astyanax altiparanae testes...
July 1, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532613/the-practice-of-evidence-based-medicine-involves-the-care-of-whole-persons
#8
W Scott Richardson
In this issue of the Journal, Dr. Fava posits that evidence-based medicine (EBM) was bound to fail. I share some of the concerns he expresses, yet I see more reasons for optimism. Having been on rounds with both Drs. Engel and Sackett, I reckon they would have agreed more than they disagreed. Their central teaching was the compassionate and well-informed care of sick persons. The model that emerged from these rounds was that patient care could be both person-centered and evidence-based, that clinical judgment was essential to both, and the decisions could and should be shared...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532529/effect-of-childhood-nutrition-counselling-on-intelligence-in-adolescence-a-15-year-follow-up-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#9
Tiago N Munhoz, Iná S Santos, Simone de M Karam, Jose Martines, Gretel Pelto, Raquel Barcelos, Helen Gonçalves, Neiva Cj Valle, Luciana Anselmi, Alicia Matijasevich
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to assess the effects of an early childhood nutrition counselling intervention on intelligence (as measured by the intelligence quotient (IQ)) at age 15-16 years. DESIGN: A single-blind, cluster-randomised trial. SETTING: In 1998, in Southern Brazil, mothers of children aged 18 months or younger were enrolled in a nutrition counselling intervention (n 424). Counselling included encouragement and promotion of exclusive breast-feeding until 6 months of age and continued breast-feeding supplemented by protein-, lipid- and carbohydrate-rich foods after age 6 months up to age 2 years...
May 23, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532440/uptake-of-hiv-testing-in-burkina-faso-an-assessment-of-individual-and-community-level-determinants
#10
Fati Kirakoya-Samadoulougou, Kévin Jean, Mathieu Maheu-Giroux
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have highlighted a range of individual determinants associated with HIV testing but few have assessed the role of contextual factors. The objective of this paper is to examine the influence of both individual and community-level determinants of HIV testing uptake in Burkina Faso. METHODS: Using nationally representative cross-sectional data from the 2010 Demographic and Health Survey, the determinants of lifetime HIV testing were examined for sexually active women (n = 14,656) and men (n = 5680) using modified Poisson regression models...
May 22, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532407/socioeconomic-inequalities-in-the-uptake-of-maternal-healthcare-services-in-ethiopia
#11
Markos Mezmur, Kannan Navaneetham, Gobopamang Letamo, Hadgu Bariagaber
BACKGROUND: The progress in coverage of maternal health services in Ethiopia has been rather slow over the past decade and consequently the maternal mortality ratio was very high (673 per 100,000 live births) among the countries in Sub-Saharan Africa and remained constant during 2005-11 period. Earlier studies have mostly focused on determinants of maternal health seeking behavior in Ethiopia. However, little is known about the inequality aspects. This study intends to examine socioeconomic inequalities in the uptake of maternal health services and to identify factors that contribute to such inequalities...
May 22, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532343/a-suicide-research-agenda-for-people-from-immigrant-and-refugee-backgrounds
#12
Erminia Colucci, Lay San Too, Harry Minas
The aim of this study was to establish mental health and suicide research priorities for people from immigrant and refugee background in Australia. This paper focuses on the data relevant to the development of the suicide research agenda. This study was conducted using Delphi consensus method with two rounds of online questionnaires. A total of 138 and 86 participants, respectively, completed the first and second rounds of survey. Participants were policy makers, service providers, academics, service users and carer advocates in Australia with expertise in mental health and/or suicide among people from immigrant and refugee backgrounds...
May 22, 2017: Death Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532304/producing-hiv-estimates-from-global-advocacy-to-country-planning-and-impact-measurement
#13
Mary Mahy, Tim Brown, John Stover, Neff Walker, Karen Stanecki, Wilford Kirungi, Txema Garcia-Calleja, Peter D Ghys
BACKGROUND: The development of global HIV estimates has been critical for understanding, advocating for and funding the HIV response. The process of generating HIV estimates has been cited as the gold standard for public health estimates. OBJECTIVE: This paper provides important lessons from an international scientific collaboration and provides a useful model for those producing public health estimates in other fields. DESIGN: Through the compilation and review of published journal articles, United Nations reports, other documents and personal experience we compiled historical information about the estimates and identified potential lessons for other public health estimation efforts...
January 2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531234/directed-evolution-to-improve-the-catalytic-efficiency-of-urate-oxidase-from-bacillus-subtilis
#14
Wenjie Li, Shouteng Xu, Biao Zhang, Yelin Zhu, Yan Hua, Xin Kong, Lianhong Sun, Jiong Hong
Urate oxidase is a key enzyme in purine metabolism and catalyzes the oxidation of uric acid to allantoin. It is used to treat hyperuricemia and gout, and also in a diagnostic kit. In this study, error-prone polymerase chain reaction and staggered extension process was used to generate a mutant urate oxidase with improved enzyme activity from Bacillus subtilis. After several rounds of mutagenesis and screening, two mutants 6E9 and 8E279 were obtained which exhibited 2.99 and 3.43 times higher catalytic efficiency, respectively...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531187/multi-scale-computational-study-of-the-mechanical-regulation-of-cell-mitotic-rounding-in-epithelia
#15
Ali Nematbakhsh, Wenzhao Sun, Pavel A Brodskiy, Aboutaleb Amiri, Cody Narciso, Zhiliang Xu, Jeremiah J Zartman, Mark Alber
Mitotic rounding during cell division is critical for preventing daughter cells from inheriting an abnormal number of chromosomes, a condition that occurs frequently in cancer cells. Cells must significantly expand their apical area and transition from a polygonal to circular apical shape to achieve robust mitotic rounding in epithelial tissues, which is where most cancers initiate. However, how cells mechanically regulate robust mitotic rounding within packed tissues is unknown. Here, we analyze mitotic rounding using a newly developed multi-scale subcellular element computational model that is calibrated using experimental data...
May 22, 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530537/aspergillus-fischeri-mediated-biosynthesis-of-gold-nanoparticles-and-their-beneficially-comparative-effect-on-normal-and-cancer-cell-lines
#16
Kangkana Banerjee, Ravishankar Rai Vittal
Background Along with the intensified use of metal nanoparticles, growing concern of their adverse outcome on human health has also expanded, indicating that this work is an integral part of nanobioscience study. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate varied effect of biosynthesized gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on normal and cancerous mammalian cells. Methods AuNP synthesized and characterized by different characterization methods, here are produced by specifically isolated Aspergillus species, which is hardly explored in precious scientific findings...
May 22, 2017: Pharmaceutical Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530515/cost-effectiveness-of-strategies-to-increase-cervical-screening-uptake-at-first-invitation-strategic
#17
Apostolos Tsiachristas, Matthew Gittins, Henry Kitchener, Alastair Gray
Objective To assess the cost-effectiveness of strategies to increase cervical cancer screening uptake at first invitation (STRATEGIC trial). Methods We performed an economic analysis alongside the STRATEGIC trial, comparing each of seven novel interventions for improving cervical screening uptake with control general practices in Greater Manchester and Grampian (United Kingdom). A template was developed to measure the intervention costs. Trial estimates of screening uptake were combined with data from the literature to estimate healthcare costs of each intervention...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Screening
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529968/descriptive-statistics-and-regressions-of-2d-4d-and-educational-attainment-based-on-rlms-data
#18
John V C Nye, Maksym Bryukhanov, Sergiy Polyachenko
We document the descriptive statistics and detailed regression outputs for educational attainment and measured 2D:4D ratios, based on the RLMS data (20th round, conducted in 2011-2012). Regression analysis is conducted using STATA 13, gologit2 which is a special code for the generalized ordered logit regression in STATA environment. We provide graphs of differences in means of 2D:4D ratios by educational attainment. Information about the distribution of self-identified nationalities and fields of university degrees of respondents is presented...
June 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529019/assessing-patterns-and-determinants-of-latrine-use-in-rural-settings-a-longitudinal-study-in-odisha-india
#19
Antara Sinha, Corey L Nagel, Wolf P Schmidt, Belen Torondel, Sophie Boisson, Parimita Routray, Thomas F Clasen
INTRODUCTION: Monitoring of sanitation programs is often limited to sanitation access and coverage, with little emphasis on use of the facilities despite increasing evidence of widespread non-use. OBJECTIVES: We assessed patterns and determinants of individual latrine use over 12 months in a low- income rural study population that had recently received latrines as part of the Government of India's Total Sanitation Campaign (TSC) in coastal Puri district in Odisha, India...
May 12, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528981/development-and-validation-of-a-daily-pain-catastrophizing-scale
#20
Beth D Darnall, John A Sturgeon, Karon F Cook, Chloe J Taub, Anuradha Roy, John W Burns, Michael Sullivan, Sean C Mackey
To date, there is no validated measure for pain catastrophizing at the daily level. The Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) is widely used to measure trait pain catastrophizing. We sought to develop and validate a brief, daily version of the PCS for use in daily diary studies in order to facilitate research on mechanisms of catastrophizing treatment, individual differences in self-regulation, and to reveal the nuanced relationships between catastrophizing, correlates, and pain outcomes. After adapting the PCS for daily use, we evaluated the resulting 14 items using 3 rounds of cognitive interviews with 30 adults with chronic pain...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
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