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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927879/no-requirement-for-targeted-theophylline-levels-for-diuretic-effect-of-aminophylline-in-critically-ill-children
#1
Katie Park, Lindsay C Trout, Cong Xu, Ming Wang, Robert F Tamburro, E Scott Halstead
OBJECTIVES: To determine the relationship between theophylline trough levels and urine output in critically ill children administered aminophylline as adjunctive diuretic therapy. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: The PICU of a tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: A mixed population of medical/surgical including postoperative cardiothoracic surgery patients less than 18 years old. INTERVENTIONS: Electronic medical records of all PICU patients admitted from July 2010 to June 2015 were reviewed, and patients who received aminophylline as diuretic therapy were identified...
June 20, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926012/randomized-phase-ii-study-comparing-mannitol-with-furosemide-for-the-prevention-of-renal-toxicity-induced-by-cisplatin-based-chemotherapy-with-short-term-low-volume-hydration-in-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-the-olcsg1406-study-protocol
#2
Go Makimoto, Eiki Ichihara, Katsuyuki Hotta, Kiichiro Ninomiya, Isao Oze, Daisuke Minami, Takashi Ninomiya, Toshio Kubo, Kadoaki Ohashi, Masahiro Tabata, Yoshinobu Maeda, Katsuyuki Kiura
Although cisplatin-based chemotherapy shows a survival advantage compared to carboplatin for treating advanced non-small cell lung cancer, high-volume hydration and a long infusion time are necessary to avoid nephrotoxicity, and cisplatin-based chemotherapy has been difficult to administer in outpatient settings. A low-volume hydration method using mannitol or furosemide as forced diuresis was recently introduced, but there are no clear conclusions regarding which agent should be used. We describe our ongoing randomized phase II trial (the OLCSG1406 Study) evaluating the efficacy of forced diuresis...
June 2018: Acta Medica Okayama
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29917208/type-i-cardiorenal-syndrome-in-patients-with-acutely-decompensated-heart-failure-the-importance-of-new-renal-biomarkers
#3
A Atici, S Emet, R Cakmak, G Yuruyen, A Alibeyoglu, M Akarsu, Y Arman, M Kose, E Ozgun, M Ozcan, O Altun, I Onur, T Tukek
OBJECTIVE: Type 1 cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) is an acute renal failure in patients with acute decompensated heart failure with an incidence of 24% to 45%. The aim of our study was to investigate the significance of new renal biomarkers to predict type 1 CRS. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included 111 patients with acute decompensated heart failure diagnosed at the Istanbul Medical Faculty Emergency Department between 2014 and 2016, and 24 healthy volunteers. All urine samples were stored at -80°C after centrifugation...
June 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915390/gallic-acid-improves-cardiac-dysfunction-and-fibrosis-in-pressure-overload-induced-heart-failure
#4
Li Jin, Simei Sun, Yuhee Ryu, Zhe Hao Piao, Bin Liu, Sin Young Choi, Gwi Ran Kim, Hyung-Seok Kim, Hae Jin Kee, Myung Ho Jeong
Gallic acid is a trihydroxybenzoic acid found in tea leaves and some plants. Here, we report the effect of gallic acid on cardiac dysfunction and fibrosis in a mouse model of pressure overload-induced heart failure and in primary rat cardiac fibroblasts, and compare the effects of gallic acid with those of drugs used in clinics. Gallic acid reduces cardiac hypertrophy, dysfunction, and fibrosis induced by transverse aortic constriction (TAC) stimuli in vivo and transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) in vitro...
June 18, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29913261/hydrochlorothiazide-use-and-risk-of-merkel-cell-carcinoma-and-malignant-adnexal-skin-tumors-a-nationwide-case-control-study
#5
Sidsel Arnspang Pedersen, Sigrun Alba Johannesdottir Schmidt, Lisbet Rosenkrantz Hölmich, Søren Friis, Anton Pottegård, David Gaist
BACKGROUND: Hydrochlorothiazide use has been associated with markedly increased risk of squamous cell carcinoma. No previous studies have investigated the association between hydrochlorothiazide use and the risk of Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) and malignant adnexal skin tumors (MAST). OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between hydrochlorothiazide use and the risk of MCC and MAST. METHODS: Using Danish nationwide health registries, we identified all patients with incident MCC or MAST during 2004-2015 and matched cases individually to cancer-free population controls by risk set sampling...
June 15, 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912952/effects-of-early-diuretic-response-to-carperitide-in-acute-decompensated-heart-failure-treatment-a-single-center-retrospective-study
#6
Yoshitaka Okuhara, Masanori Asakura, Kohei Azuma, Yoshiyuki Orihara, Koichi Nishimura, Tomotaka Ando, Hideyuki Kondo, Yoshiro Naito, Kazunori Kashiwase, Shinichi Hirotani, Masaharu Ishihara, Tohru Masuyama
BACKGROUND: Diuretic response is a strong predictor of outcome for admitted patients of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). However, little is known about the effects of early diuretic response to carperitide. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed records of 85 patients hospitalized for ADHF who received carperitide as initial treatment and <40 mg furosemide during the early period. The eligible patients were divided into good diuretic responder (GR) group and poor diuretic responder (PR) group on the basis of median urinary volume...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908331/all-atomistic-molecular-dynamics-aa-md-studies-and-pharmacokinetic-performance-of-pamam-dendrimer-furosemide-delivery-systems
#7
Daniel P Otto, Melgardt M de Villiers
Improvement of problematic dissolution and solubility properties of a model drug, furosemide, was investigated for poly(amidoamine) (PAMAM) dendrimer complexes of the drug. Full and half generation dendrimers with amino and ester terminals respectively, were studied. In vitro release performance of these complexes was investigated at drug loads ranging 5-60% using simulated gastric fluids. Full generation dendrimers accommodated higher drug loads, outperformed half-generation complexes, and free drug. Pharmacokinetic studies in rats indicated that the dendrimer complexes markedly improved in the bioavailability of the drug compared to the unformulated drug...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898611/topiramate-is-more-effective-than-acetazolamide-at-lowering-intracranial-pressure
#8
William J Scotton, Hannah F Botfield, Connar Sj Westgate, James L Mitchell, Andreas Yiangou, Maria S Uldall, Rigmor H Jensen, Alex J Sinclair
Background The management of idiopathic intracranial hypertension focuses on reducing intracranial pressure to preserve vision and reduce headaches. There is sparse evidence to support the use of some of the drugs commonly used to manage idiopathic intracranial hypertension, therefore we propose to evaluate the efficacy of these drugs at lowering intracranial pressure in healthy rats. Methods We measured intracranial pressure in female rats before and after subcutaneous administration of acetazolamide, topiramate, furosemide, amiloride and octreotide at clinical doses (equivalent to a single human dose) and high doses (equivalent to a human daily dose)...
January 1, 2018: Cephalalgia: An International Journal of Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898002/qtc-interval-prolongation-in-critically-ill-patients-prevalence-risk-factors-and-associated-medications
#9
Flávia Medeiros Fernandes, Eliane Pereira Silva, Rand Randall Martins, Antonio Gouveia Oliveira
PURPOSE: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of acquired long QT syndrome (LQTS) on admission to a general Intensive Care Unit (ICU), and to assess the risk of LQTS associated with prescribed medications. METHODS: Prospective observational, cross-sectional study approved by the Institutional Review Board. Between May 2014 and July 2016, 412 patients >18 years-old consecutively admitted to the ICU of a university hospital were included. LQTS was defined as a QT interval on the admission electrocardiogram corrected using Bazett's formula (QTc) >460 ms for men and >470 ms for women...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29883524/drug-associated-acute-kidney-injury-identified-in-the-united-states-food-and-drug-administration-adverse-event-reporting-system-database
#10
Hanna K Welch, John A Kellum, Sandra L Kane-Gill
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common condition associated with both short-term and long-term consequences including dialysis, chronic kidney disease, and mortality. Although the United States Food and Drug Administration Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) database is a powerful tool to examine drug-associated events, to our knowledge, no study has analyzed this database to identify the most common drugs reported with AKI. The objective of this study was to analyze AKI reports and associated medications in the FAERS database...
June 8, 2018: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879013/capillary-leak-syndrome-and-aseptic-meningitis-in-a-patient-with-kawasaki-disease-a-case-report
#11
Yufeng Zhang, Han Wan, Maosheng Du, Huiling Deng, Jia Fu, Yu Zhang, Xiaoyan Wang, Ruiqing Liu
RATIONALE: Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute vasculitis of childhood, coronary complications are the most serious and classic complications of this disease. However, simultaneous complications such as systemic capillary leak syndrome (CLS) and aseptic meningitis are rarely reported. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 19-month-old boy had continuous fever for 6 days, rash for 3 days, and somnolence for 1 day. DIAGNOSES: The boy was diagnosed with KD presenting with SCLS and aseptic meningitis...
June 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877310/can-torsemide-and-combination-of-loop-diuretics-improve-mortality-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-after-discharge
#12
Younan Yao, Jian Zhang, Yuhui Zhang, Rongcheng Zhang
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect on mortality of torsemide and a combination of loop diuretics (furosemide + torsemide) in contemporary practice in patients with chronic heart failure (HF).We investigated patients with HF in the Heart Failure Center of Fuwai Hospital from 2009 to 2013 who were discharged on furosemide, torsemide, or a combination of the 2 drugs. Using inverse probability weighting (IPW) to account for nonrandom selection of diuretic strategies, we assessed the association between different diuretic strategies and mortality...
June 6, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29873506/clinical-evaluation-of-68-ga-psma-ii-and-68-ga-rm2-pet-images-reconstructed-with-an-improved-scatter-correction-algorithm
#13
Kristen A Wangerin, Lucia Baratto, Mohammad Mehdi Khalighi, Thomas A Hope, Praveen K Gulaka, Timothy W Deller, Andrei H Iagaru
OBJECTIVE: Gallium-68-labeled radiopharmaceuticals pose a challenge for scatter estimation because their targeted nature can produce high contrast in these regions of the kidneys and bladder. Even small errors in the scatter estimate can result in washout artifacts. Administration of diuretics can reduce these artifacts, but they may result in adverse events. Here, we investigated the ability of algorithmic modifications to mitigate washout artifacts and eliminate the need for diuretics or other interventions...
June 6, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29867772/pamidronate-rescue-therapy-for-hypercalcemia-in-a-child-with-williams-syndrome
#14
Sami A Sanjad, Bilal Aoun, Halim Yammine, Amina Bassyouni, Pascale E Karam
A 15-month-old male infant diagnosed with Williams Syndrome (WS) was admitted with severe hypercalcemia and nephrocalcinosis. Intravenous hydration and furosemide failed to yield an appreciable and sustainable fall in serum calcium, while the injection of pamidronate achieved a significant decrease in serum calcium in a short period of time. This bisphosphonate could be considered as a second-line treatment for refractory hypercalcemia in WS.
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29863057/-effect-of-ph-and-additives-on-the-compatibility-between-vancomycin-and-furosemide-injections
#15
Chie Munakata, Yuki Fuchigami, Takayuki Makizoe, Yusuke Miura, Mariko Yamaoka, Satomi Sasahara, Katsutomo Hata, Hidehisa Tachiki, Hitoshi Sasaki, Masayori Hagimori, Shigeru Kawakami
 The physicochemical compatibility between injections of different agents is very important. An injection of the antibiotic vancomycin (VCM) is acidic and its standard pH range is 2.5-4.5. In clinical treatments, VCM injections are often used with Lasix® (furosemide) injections. The Lasix® injection is alkaline and its standard pH range is 8.6-9.6. Therefore, mixing VCM injections with Lasix® injections may cause compatibility problems. We evaluated the effect of pH on the compatibility between VCM (original and two generic) and Lasix® injections...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861076/long-term-albumin-administration-in-decompensated-cirrhosis-answer-an-open-label-randomised-trial
#16
Paolo Caraceni, Oliviero Riggio, Paolo Angeli, Carlo Alessandria, Sergio Neri, Francesco G Foschi, Fabio Levantesi, Aldo Airoldi, Sergio Boccia, Gianluca Svegliati-Baroni, Stefano Fagiuoli, Roberto G Romanelli, Raffaele Cozzolongo, Vito Di Marco, Vincenzo Sangiovanni, Filomena Morisco, Pierluigi Toniutto, Annalisa Tortora, Rosanna De Marco, Mario Angelico, Irene Cacciola, Gianfranco Elia, Alessandro Federico, Sara Massironi, Riccardo Guarisco, Alessandra Galioto, Giorgio Ballardini, Maria Rendina, Silvia Nardelli, Salvatore Piano, Chiara Elia, Loredana Prestianni, Federica Mirici Cappa, Lucia Cesarini, Loredana Simone, Chiara Pasquale, Marta Cavallin, Alida Andrealli, Federica Fidone, Matteo Ruggeri, Andrea Roncadori, Maurizio Baldassarre, Manuel Tufoni, Giacomo Zaccherini, Mauro Bernardi
BACKGROUND: Evidence is scarce on the efficacy of long-term human albumin (HA) administration in patients with decompensated cirrhosis. The human Albumin for the treatmeNt of aScites in patients With hEpatic ciRrhosis (ANSWER) study was designed to clarify this issue. METHODS: We did an investigator-initiated multicentre randomised, parallel, open-label, pragmatic trial in 33 academic and non-academic Italian hospitals. We randomly assigned patients with cirrhosis and uncomplicated ascites who were treated with anti-aldosteronic drugs (≥200 mg/day) and furosemide (≥25 mg/day) to receive either standard medical treatment (SMT) or SMT plus HA (40 g twice weekly for 2 weeks, and then 40 g weekly) for up to 18 months...
May 31, 2018: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860548/comparison-of-iohexol-and-iodixanol-induced-nephrotoxicity-mitochondrial-damage-and-mitophagy-in-a-new-contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury-rat-model
#17
Wei Cheng, Fei Zhao, Cheng-Yuan Tang, Xu-Wei Li, Min Luo, Shao-Bin Duan
Recent progress in angiography and interventional therapy has revived interest in comparison of nephrotoxicity of low-or iso-osmolar contrast media, but detailed mechanisms and effective treatments of contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) remain elusive. We established a new model of CI-AKI and compared the nephrotoxicity of iohexol and iodixanol with a focus on renal oxidative stress, mitochondrial damage and mitophagy. Our results showed that 48-h dehydration plus furosemide injection before iohexol administration successfully induced CI-AKI in rats...
June 2, 2018: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807505/thrombolysis-with-tissue-plasminogen-activator-tpa-in-feline-acute-aortic-thromboembolism-a-retrospective-study-of-16-cases
#18
Julien Guillaumin, Ryan Mb Gibson, Isabelle Goy-Thollot, John D Bonagura
Objectives Thrombolytic therapy is a treatment of choice for people with acute ischemic events, but is uncommonly administered for feline aortic thromboembolism (FATE). This study reports selected clinical data and outcomes of acute FATE treated with tissue plasminogen activator (TPA). A reference group treated with current standard of care (SOC) was analyzed for comparison. Methods This was a retrospective study of FATE in two academic hospitals. TPA-treated cats with two or more limbs (n = 16) affected were compared with a SOC-treated group with two or more limbs affected (n = 38)...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29796345/diagnostic-accuracy-of-onen-s-alternative-grading-system-combined-with-doppler-evaluation-of-ureteral-jets-as-an-alternative-in-the-diagnosis-of-obstructive-hydronephrosis-in-children
#19
Jose de Bessa, Cicilia M Rodrigues, Maria Cristina Chammas, Eduardo P Miranda, Cristiano M Gomes, Paulo R Moscardi, Marcia C Bessa, Carlos A Molina, Ricardo B Tiraboschi, Jose M Netto, Francisco T Denes
Introduction: Ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO) is a common congenital anomaly leading to varying degrees of hydronephrosis (HN), ranging from no apparent effect on the renal function to atrophy. Evaluation of these children is based on Diuretic Renal Scintigraphy (DRS) and Ultrasonography (US). Recent studies have suggested that new parameters of conventional and color Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) may be useful in discriminating which kidneys are obstructed. The present study aims to assess the diagnostic accuracy of such parameters in the diagnosis of obstruction in children with UPJO...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779929/prescription-medication-use-and-antinuclear-antibodies-in-the-united-states-1999-2004
#20
Gregg E Dinse, Christine G Parks, Helen C S Meier, Caroll A Co, Edward K L Chan, Todd A Jusko, James Yeh, Frederick W Miller
BACKGROUND: Clinical reports link specific medications with the development of antinuclear antibodies (ANA), but population-based evidence is limited. OBJECTIVE: The present study investigated associations between prescription medication use and ANA in a representative sample of the adult noninstitutionalized US population, first focusing on medications previously related to ANA and then considering all medications reported in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Autoimmunity
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