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Early mental health intervention for infant

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904511/the-fantasmatic-and-imaginary-child-of-the-pregnant-woman
#1
Simone Setterberg
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a period of transition, which makes women more vulnerable and in unfavorable conditions may lead to psychopathology in both mother and infant. It is essential to outline factors adversely affecting the resolution of this period. Early interventions and why they matter: Interventions during pregnancy can provide important improvement in the outcome for both maternal and infant mental health. AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the risk factors of antenatal anxiety and depression focusing particularly on maternal representations of the relationship towards the fetus and her own parents during pregnancy and the early postpartum period...
June 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833619/cost-effective-options-for-the-prevention-and-management-of-gastrointestinal-and-liver-disease-in-the-asia-pacific-region
#2
REVIEW
Ian C Roberts-Thomson, Thomas Lung
The Asia-Pacific region contains more than half of the world's population and is markedly heterogeneous in relation to income levels and the provision of public and private health services. For low-income countries, the major health priorities are child and maternal health. In contrast, priorities for high-income countries include vascular disease, cancer, diabetes, dementia and mental health disorders as well as chronic inflammatory disorders such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Cost-effectiveness analyses are methods for assessing the gains in health relative to the costs of different health interventions...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813249/neuroendocrine-mechanisms-for-parental-sensitivity-overview-recent-advances-and-future-directions
#3
REVIEW
James E Swain, Shao-Hsuan Shaun Ho
Early parent-infant relationships play important roles in infants' development. New parents adapt to the developing relationship with their infants to coordinate parenting behaviors in the milieu of infant needs, hormones, moods, and stress. This review highlights research from the past two years, using non-invasive brain-imaging techniques and naturalistic tasks in mothers and fathers in relation to psychological, and endocrine measures. Recent work also connects parental brain physiology with parental sensitive behavior, parent/child outcomes and parent psychotherapy...
June 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770973/schedules-for-home-visits-in-the-early-postpartum-period
#4
REVIEW
Naohiro Yonemoto, Therese Dowswell, Shuko Nagai, Rintaro Mori
BACKGROUND: Maternal complications including psychological and mental health problems and neonatal morbidity have been commonly observed in the postpartum period. Home visits by health professionals or lay supporters in the weeks following the birth may prevent health problems from becoming chronic with long-term effects on women, their babies, and their families. OBJECTIVES: To assess outcomes for women and babies of different home-visiting schedules during the early postpartum period...
August 2, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716072/effect-of-prenatal-exposure-to-maternal-cortisol-and-psychological-distress-on-infant-development-in-bengaluru-southern-india-a-prospective-cohort-study
#5
Anita Nath, Gudlavalleti Venkata Satyanarayana Murthy, Giridhara R Babu, Gian Carlo Di Renzo
BACKGROUND: The mental health status of a pregnant woman and its consequent impact on foetal well being is not given much importance compared to the risk imposed by obstetric complications and medical conditions. Maternal psychological distress is a major public health problem and needs timely detection and intervention to prevent any adverse pregnancy outcome. There is ample evidence from literature that justifies the association of prenatal maternal mental stress and elevated cortisol with delayed infant motor and cognitive development; evidence from India being rather limited...
July 17, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617197/chronic-early-life-stress-induced-by-limited-bedding-and-nesting-lbn-material-in-rodents-critical-considerations-of-methodology-outcomes-and-translational-potential
#6
Claire-Dominique Walker, Kevin G Bath, Marian Joels, Aniko Korosi, Muriel Larauche, Paul J Lucassen, Margaret J Morris, Charlis Raineki, Tania L Roth, Regina M Sullivan, Yvette Taché, Tallie Z Baram
The immediate and long-term effects of exposure to early life stress (ELS) have been documented in humans and animal models. Even relatively brief periods of stress during the first 10 days of life in rodents can impact later behavioral regulation and the vulnerability to develop adult pathologies, in particular an impairment of cognitive functions and neurogenesis, but also modified social, emotional, and conditioned fear responses. The development of preclinical models of ELS exposure allows the examination of mechanisms and testing of therapeutic approaches that are not possible in humans...
July 12, 2017: Stress: the International Journal on the Biology of Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28456376/-consultation-liaison-during-the-peripartum-network-care-between-liaison-and-mobile-unit
#7
V Garez, E Devouche, A Bobin-Bègue, M Alecian, P Minjollet, A Vallerent, M Poget, H Oguibenine, C Héroux, F Medjkane, G Apter
OBJECTIVES: The pregnancy periods of peripartum and immediate postpartum represent moments of opportunity to access care. Both prevention and therapeutic management can be offered with a better chance of success during these periods. Our specific Consultation Liaison (CL) team PPUMMA was created in order to respond to the need for early detection of psychopathology and rapid implementation of therapeutic management and preventive measure for mother and child. The importance of urgently intervening "on site" seemed a necessity since duration of hospitalization in maternity wards is very short...
April 26, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447467/perinatal-and-infant-mental-health-in-australia-moving-forward-towards-real-prevention-and-early-intervention-can-we-do-it
#8
Anne E Sved Williams
OBJECTIVES: Australia has been at the forefront of appropriate early intervention. Prevention of mental illness in infants by early identification and intervention in the mental health of their mothers has stalled since the cessation of funding through the National Perinatal Depression Initiative (NPDI, 2009-2015). Whilst screening for maternal mental illness has been widely implemented throughout Australia during the last two decades, services are now diminishing and great opportunities to ride the crest of a wave for appropriate mental illness intervention are receding...
June 2017: Australasian Psychiatry: Bulletin of Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295746/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-in-the-perinatal-period-a-concept-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Julie Vignato, Jane M Georges, Ruth A Bush, Cynthia D Connelly
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To report an analysis of the concept of perinatal post-traumatic stress disorder. BACKGROUND: Prevalence of perinatal post-traumatic stress disorder is rising in the USA, with 9% of the U.S. perinatal population diagnosed with the disorder and an additional 18% being at risk for the condition. Left untreated, adverse maternal-child outcomes result in increased morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. DESIGN: Concept analysis via Walker and Avant's approach...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120519/mercy-pregnancy-and-emotional-well-being-study-mpews-understanding-maternal-mental-health-fetal-programming-and-child-development-study-design-and-cohort-profile
#10
Megan Galbally, Marinus van IJzendoorn, Michael Permezel, Richard Saffery, Martha Lappas, Joanne Ryan, Elisabeth van Rossum, Andrew R Johnson, Douglas Teti, Andrew J Lewis
Maternal mental health represents a significant global health burden. The Mercy Pregnancy and Emotional Well-being Study (MPEWS) was established to provide a comprehensive investigation of early developmental mechanisms and modifiers for maternal, fetal and child emotional well-being. MPEWS is a prospective, longitudinal study from pregnancy to 36 months postpartum that includes diagnostic measures of maternal mental health, observational measures of the mother-infant relationship, measures of child development, and repeat biological sampling...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Methods in Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101777/comorbidities-in-down-syndrome-livebirths-and-health-care-intervention-an-initial-experience-from-the-birth-defects-registry-in-southern-thailand
#11
Somchit Jaruratanasirikul, Wannee Limpitikul, Pathikan Dissaneevate, Paveena Booncharoen, Pongsak Tantichantakarun
BACKGROUND: Down syndrome (DS) is the most common chromosomal disorder causing mental retardation with a worldwide average prevalence of 1-2 cases per 1000 births. This study aimed to determine the comorbidities associated with DS and the coverage of health care services and developmental interventions for DS livebirths in Southern Thailand. METHODS: A total of 149 livebirth DS infants, recruited through the prospective birth defects registry system during 2009-2013 in 3 provinces in Southern Thailand, were regularly followed-up every 3-6 months...
April 2017: World Journal of Pediatrics: WJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051972/characteristics-classification-and-prevention-of-child-maltreatment-fatalities
#12
James E McCarroll, Joscelyn E Fisher, Stephen J Cozza, Renè J Robichaux, Carol S Fullerton
BACKGROUND: Preventing child maltreatment fatalities is a critical goal of the U.S. society and the military services. Fatality review boards further this goal through the analysis of circumstances of child deaths, making recommendations for improvements in practices and policies, and promoting increased cooperation among the many systems that serve families. The purpose of this article is to review types of child maltreatment death, proposed classification models, risk and protective factors, and prevention strategies...
January 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989374/functional-quality-of-life-and-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-after-congenital-cardiac-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Megan L Ringle, Gil Wernovsky
Throughout the past few decades, advances in cardiology, neonatal intensive care, and surgical techniques have resulted in a growing cohort of thriving school-aged children with previously lethal complex congenital heart diseases. While survival has increased, there remains significant morbidity following repair including neurodevelopmental sequelae. Compared to children with a structurally normal heart, these infants and children have a higher frequency of abnormalities in tone, feeding, and delayed developmental milestones, as well as challenges with speech and learning disabilities, while a higher proportion of adolescents suffer from problems with processing speed, executive function, and a unique set of medical hardships related to exercise intolerance and obesity, medication burden, and mental health comorbidities...
December 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27940686/school-age-outcomes-of-early-intervention-for-preterm-infants-and-their-parents-a-randomized-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Alicia J Spittle, Sarah Barton, Karli Treyvaud, Carly S Molloy, Lex W Doyle, Peter J Anderson
OBJECTIVE: To examine the child and parental outcomes at school age of a randomized controlled trial of a home-based early preventative care program for infants born very preterm and their caregivers. METHODS: At term-equivalent age, 120 infants born at a gestational age of <30 weeks were randomly allocated to intervention (n = 61) or standard care (n = 59) groups. The intervention included 9 home visits over the first year of life focusing on infant development, parental mental health, and the parent-infant relationship...
December 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918878/maternal-mental-health-over-the-course-of-4-years-following-childbirth-the-contribution-of-birth-circumstances-and-psycho-social-factors
#15
Ginna Porat-Zyman, Orit Taubman-Ben-Ari, Iris Morag, Jacob Kuint
The aim of this study is to identify mothers at risk for poorer maternal mental health (MMH) 1 month post-partum and to determine changes in MMH over 4 years in relation to birth circumstances (singleton/twins, full-term/pre-term infant/s, first/non-first child), internal resources (adult attachment styles), and external resources (marital quality and maternal grandmother's support) at 1 month post-partum. The mediating effects of external resources were also investigated. Questionnaires were completed between 2001 and 2012 by 561 Israeli mothers...
December 5, 2016: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905887/a-new-measure-for-infant-mental-health-screening-development-and-initial-validation
#16
Janni Ammitzbøll, Bjørn E Holstein, Lisbeth Wilms, Anette Andersen, Anne Mette Skovgaard
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems are a major public health challenges, and strategies of early prevention are needed. Effective prevention depends on feasible and validated measures of screening and intervention. Previous research has demonstrated potentials for infant mental health screening by community health nurses (CHN) in existing service settings in Denmark. This study was conducted to describe the development of a service setting based measure to screen for infant mental health problems, to investigate problems identified by the measure and assess the validity and feasibility in existing public health settings...
December 1, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879500/implications-of-preterm-birth-for-maternal-mental-health-and-infant-development
#17
Cheryl Anderson, Priscila Cacola
Preterm birth remains a major contributor to infant mortality and morbidity including neurodevelopmental delay and childhood disability. Mothers experiencing a preterm birth are at risk for maternal mental health issues, inclusive of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), which may affect mother-infant attachment and infant development. Depression and PTSD, frequently comorbid, following preterm birth and relationships between these symptoms, maternal-infant attachment, and infant development are reviewed...
March 2017: MCN. the American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876079/copenhagen-infant-mental-health-project-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-circle-of-security-parenting-and-care-as-usual-as-interventions-targeting-infant-mental-health-risks
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mette Skovgaard Væver, Johanne Smith-Nielsen, Theis Lange
BACKGROUND: Infant mental health is a significant public health issue as early adversity and exposure to early childhood stress are significant risk factors that may have detrimental long-term developmental consequences for the affected children. Negative outcomes are seen on a range of areas such as physical and mental health, educational and labor market success, social network and establishing of family. Secure attachment is associated with optimal outcomes in all developmental domains in childhood, and both insecure and disorganized attachment are associated with a range of later problems and psychopathologies...
November 22, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837571/maternal-screening-for-early-postnatal-vulnerability
#19
V G Vivilaki, V Dafermos, Ev Patelarou, D Bick, Ar Syngelaki, N D Tsopelas, P Bitsios, E T Petridou, Al N Vgontzas, Chr Lionis
Research has highlighted the wide impact of maternal mental health problems during and beyond the postpartum period and the public health role of community health professionals in early detection of women who may be at risk. This paper aims to describe, explore and test an a priori hypothesised conceptual model of postnatal experience, identifying the relationships between postnatal mental vulnerability and postnatal adjustment to maternal roles and attitudes, marital/partner-relationship and sense of coherence...
July 2016: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817913/the-role-of-early-developmental-intervention-to-influence-neurobehavioral-outcomes-of-children-born-preterm
#20
REVIEW
Alicia Spittle, Karli Treyvaud
Children who are born preterm are at risk of adverse long-term neurobehavioral outcomes, including cognitive, motor, and behavioral impairments. Early developmental interventions that commence within the first year after preterm birth have a preventative focus, with the aim to positively influence the developmental trajectory. While there is a great deal of heterogeneity in the research trials to date, there is evidence that early developmental interventions have a moderate effect on cognitive and behavioral outcomes up to preschool age, with some evidence for improved motor outcomes...
December 2016: Seminars in Perinatology
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