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NADH AND dopamine

Shan Wang, Rémi Cazelles, Wei-Ching Liao, Margarita Vázquez-González, Amani Zoabi, Raed Abu-Reziq, Itamar Willner
Cu(2+)-ion-modified graphene oxide nanoparticles, Cu(2+)-GO NPs, act as a heterogeneous catalyst mimicking functions of horseradish peroxidase, HRP, and of NADH peroxidase. The Cu(2+)-GO NPs catalyze the oxidation of dopamine to aminochrome by H2O2 and catalyze the generation of chemiluminescence in the presence of luminol and H2O2. The Cu(2+)-GO NPs provide an active material for the chemiluminescence detection of H2O2 and allow the probing of the activity of H2O2-generating oxidases and the detection of their substrates...
March 8, 2017: Nano Letters
Kristal R Tucker, Samantha L Cavolo, Edwin S Levitan
Pyridine nucleotides are redox coenzymes that are critical in bioenergetics, metabolism, and neurodegeneration. Here we use brain slice multiphoton microscopy to show that substantia nigra dopamine neurons, which are sensitive to stress in mitochondria and the endoplasmic reticulum (ER), display elevated combined NADH and NADPH (i.e., NAD(P)H) autofluorescence. Despite limited mitochondrial mass, organellar NAD(P)H is extensive because much of the signal is derived from the ER. Remarkably, even though pyridine nucleotides cannot cross mitochondrial and ER membranes, inhibiting mitochondrial function with an uncoupler or interrupting the electron transport chain with cyanide (CN(-)) alters ER NAD(P)H...
November 1, 2016: Molecular Biology of the Cell
Shanying Han, Tianyu Du, Hui Jiang, Xuemei Wang
A self-assembly composite of graphene-pyrroloquinoline quinone (PQQ) was fabricated and modified on glassy carbon electrode (GCE) for sensitive detection of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). Chitosan (CTS) was applied to disperse graphene to form a stable robust film on GCE. A synergistic effect between PQQ and graphene was observed during the electrocatalytic oxidation of NADH, with about 260mV reduction in the oxidation potential and 2.5-fold increase in the oxidation current compared with those on the bare GCE...
March 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Jayaraman Balamurugan, Tran Duy Thanh, Nam Hoon Kim, Joong Hee Lee
Herein, we present a novel strategy for the synthesis of an iron nitride nanoparticles-encapsulated nitrogen-doped graphene (FeN NPs/NG) core-shell hierarchical nanostructure to boost the electrochemical performance in a highly sensitive, selective, reproducible, and stable sensing platform for nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). This core-shell hierarchical nanostructure provides an excellent conductive network for effective charge transfer and avoids the agglomeration and restacking of NG sheets, which provides better access to the electrode material for NADH oxidation...
September 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Veronika Urbanová, František Karlický, Adam Matěj, Filip Šembera, Zbyněk Janoušek, Jason A Perman, Václav Ranc, Klára Čépe, Josef Michl, Michal Otyepka, Radek Zbořil
Graphene derivatives are promising materials for the electrochemical sensing of diverse biomolecules and development of new biosensors owing to their improved electron transfer kinetics compared to pristine graphene. Here, we report complex electrochemical behavior and electrocatalytic performance of variously fluorinated graphene derivatives prepared by reaction of graphene with a nitrogen-fluorine mixture at 2 bars pressure. The fluorine content was simply controlled by varying the reaction time and temperature...
June 16, 2016: Nanoscale
Danúbia Bonfanti Santos, Dirleise Colle, Eduardo Luiz Gasnhar Moreira, Mariana Appel Hort, Marcelo Godoi, Gael Le Douaron, Antonio Luiz Braga, Jamil Assreuy, Patrick Pierre Michel, Rui Daniel Prediger, Rita Raisman-Vozari, Marcelo Farina
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by non-motor and motor disabilities. This study investigated whether succinobucol (SUC) could mitigate nigrostriatal injury caused by intranasal 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) administration in mice. Moreover, the effects of SUC against MPTP-induced behavioral impairments and neurochemical changes were also evaluated. The quantification of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive (TH(+)) cells was also performed in primary mesencephalic cultures to evaluate the effects of SUC against 1-methyl-4-phenylpyridinium (MPP(+)) toxicity in vitro...
February 6, 2016: Molecular Neurobiology
Fatin Saiha Omar, Navaneethan Duraisamy, K Ramesh, S Ramesh
Nicotinamide Adenine Dinucleotide (NADH) is an important coenzyme in the human body that participates in many metabolic reactions. The impact of abnormal concentrations of NADH significantly causes different diseases in human body. Electrochemical detection of NADH using bare electrode is a challenging task especially in the presence of main electroactive interferences such as ascorbic acid (AA), uric acid (UA) and dopamine (DA). Modified electrodes have been widely explored to overcome the problems of poor sensitivity and selectivity occurred from bare electrodes...
May 15, 2016: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Sriranjini Venkat Rao, Muralidhara, Sarat Chandra Yenisetti, Padmanabhan S Rajini
Evidence suggests that saffron and its major bioactives exhibit significant neuromodulatory effects in various animal models. However, specific data related to their efficacy to attenuate oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD) are limited. Hence, we investigated the neuroprotective efficacy of saffron methanolic extract (SME) and its active constituent, crocin (CR) employing a Drosophila model of parkinsonism. We focussed on attenuation of Rotenone (ROT)-induced locomotor phenotype, oxidative stress, mitochondrial dysfunction and neurotoxicity in this model...
January 2016: Neurotoxicology
Jayshree Nellore, Cynthia Pauline, Kanchana Amarnath
Current discovery demonstrates the rapid formation of platinum nanoparticles using leaf extract of a neurobeneficial plant, Bacopa monnieri (BmE). The nanoparticles (BmE-PtNPs) were stabilized and then coated with varied phytochemicals present within the leaf extract. These nanoparticles demonstrated the same activity of Complex I, as that of oxidizing NADH to NAD(+) using a spectrophotometric method. This suggests that BmE-PtNPs are a potential medicinal substance for oxidative stress mediated disease with suppressed mitochondrial complex I, namely, Parkinson's disease (PD)...
2013: Journal of Neurodegenerative Diseases
M J Manjunath, Muralidhara
Withania somnifera (Ashwagandha, WS) or Indian ginseng possesses multiple pharmacological properties which are mainly attributed to the active constituents, withanolides. Despite its extensive usage as a memory enhancer and a nerve tonic, few attempts have been made to ascertain its usage in the management of Parkinson's disease. In the present study, we investigated the neuroameliorative effects of WS in a rotenone (ROT) model of Drosophila melanogaster (Oregon-K). Initially, we ascertained the ability of WS-enriched diet (0-0...
April 2015: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Chandramohan Wakade, Raymond Chong
We hypothesize that GPR109A message and expression are up-regulated in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). GPR109A is a high-affinity niacin receptor. Niacin is a precursor for NAD-NADH which is needed for dopamine production. Thus, niacin supplementation may serve three purposes: reduce inflammation through GPR109A-related mechanisms, increase dopamine synthesis in the striatum through NADPH supply and increase NAD/NADH ratio to boost mitochondrial functions. GPR109A and its agonists are known to exert anti-inflammatory actions in the skin, gut and retina...
December 15, 2014: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Janete Quelhas-Santos, Maria Paula Serrão, Isabel Soares-Silva, Cátia Fernandes-Cerqueira, Liliana Simões-Silva, Maria João Pinho, Fernando Remião, Benedita Sampaio-Maia, Gary V Desir, Manuel Pestana
Renalase is a recently identified FAD/NADH-dependent amine oxidase mainly expressed in kidney that is secreted into blood and urine where it was suggested to metabolize catecholamines. The present study evaluated central and peripheral dopaminergic activities in the renalase knockout (KO) mouse model and examined the changes induced by recombinant renalase (RR) administration on plasma and urine catecholamine levels. Compared with wild-type (WT) mice, KO mice presented increased plasma levels of epinephrine (Epi), norepinephrine (NE), and dopamine (DA) that were accompanied by increases in the urinary excretion of Epi, NE, DA...
January 15, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology
Somen Mondal, Manjunath Chatti, Arabinda Mallick, Pradipta Purkayastha
Dopamine functionalized carbon nanoparticles (CNPs) that can act as efficient photoinduced electron donor-acceptor systems depending on the pH of the medium have been synthesized. In acidic media, dopamine on CNPs exists as hydroquinone and serves as an electron donor while under alkaline conditions the corresponding quinone form of dopamine serves as a strong electron acceptor. Application of external NADH to the system can invert the donor-acceptor roles under alkaline conditions.
July 4, 2014: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
Tiziana Alberio, Heather Bondi, Flavia Colombo, Isabella Alloggio, Luisa Pieroni, Andrea Urbani, Mauro Fasano
Impaired dopamine homeostasis is an early event in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease. Generation of intracellular reactive oxygen species consequent to dopamine oxidation leads to mitochondrial dysfunction and eventually cell death. Alterations in the mitochondrial proteome due to dopamine exposure were investigated in the SH-SY5Y human neuroblastoma cell line. The combination of two orthogonal proteomic approaches, two-dimensional electrophoresis and shotgun proteomics (proteomeXchange dataset PXD000838), was used to highlight the specific pathways perturbed by the increase of intracellular dopamine, in comparison with those perturbed by a specific mitochondrial toxin (4-methylphenylpyridinium, MPP(+)), a neurotoxin causing Parkinsonism-like symptoms in animal models...
June 2014: Molecular BioSystems
Ara Jo, Minkyung Kang, Areum Cha, Hye Su Jang, Jun Ho Shim, Nam-Suk Lee, Myung Hwa Kim, Youngmi Lee, Chongmok Lee
We report a new nonenzymatic amperometric detection of ascorbic acid (AA) using a glassy carbon (GC) disk electrode modified with hollow gold/ruthenium (hAu-Ru) nanoshells, which exhibited decent sensing characteristics. The hAu-Ru nanoshells were prepared by the incorporation of Ru on hollow gold (hAu) nanoshells from Co nanoparticle templates, which enabled AA selectivity against glucose without aid of enzyme or membrane. The structure and electrocatalytic activities of the hAu-Ru catalysts were characterized by spectroscopic and electrochemical techniques...
March 28, 2014: Analytica Chimica Acta
Edward P Randviir, Dale A C Brownson, Jonathan P Metters, Rashid O Kadara, Craig E Banks
We report the fabrication, characterisation (SEM, Raman spectroscopy, XPS and ATR) and electrochemical implementation of novel screen-printed graphene electrodes. Electrochemical characterisation of the fabricated graphene electrodes is undertaken using an array of electroactive redox probes and biologically relevant analytes, namely: potassium ferrocyanide(II), hexaammine-ruthenium(III) chloride, N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine (TMPD), β-nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH), L-ascorbic acid (AA), uric acid (UA) and dopamine hydrochloride (DA)...
March 14, 2014: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Chee Shan Lim, Chun Kiang Chua, Martin Pumera
Well-defined graphene nanosheets have become increasingly popular in the electrochemical detection and quantification of small molecules. In this work, the electrochemical oxidation of biomarkers such as uric acid, ascorbic acid, dopamine, NADH and DNA bases, namely guanine and adenine, was performed using cyclic voltammetry and differential pulse voltammetry to compare the electrochemical properties of electrochemically reduced nanoplatelets (ENPs) and electrochemically reduced nanoribbons (ENRs). The graphene materials displayed better electrochemical performances than the bare glassy carbon surface...
March 7, 2014: Analyst
E N Primo, F A Gutierrez, G L Luque, P R Dalmasso, A Gasnier, Y Jalit, M Moreno, M V Bracamonte, M Eguílaz Rubio, M L Pedano, M C Rodríguez, N F Ferreyra, M D Rubianes, S Bollo, G A Rivas
This review present a critical comparison of the electrochemical behavior and analytical performance of glassy carbon electrodes (GCE) modified with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) dispersed in different polymers: polyethylenimine (PEI), PEI functionalized with dopamine (PEI-Do), polyhistidine (Polyhis), polylysine (Polylys), glucose oxidase (GOx) and double stranded calf-thymus DNA (dsDNA). The comparison is focused on the analysis of the influence of the sonication time, solvent, polymer/CNT ratio, and nature of the polymer on the efficiency of the dispersions and on the electrochemical behavior of the resulting modified electrodes...
December 17, 2013: Analytica Chimica Acta
Marina S Hernandes, Graziella D R Santos, Cecília C Café-Mendes, Larissa S Lima, Cristoforo Scavone, Carolina D Munhoz, Luiz R G Britto
We explored the impact of Nox-2 in modulating inflammatory-mediated microglial responses in the 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA)-induced Parkinson's disease (PD) model. Nox1 and Nox2 gene expression were found to increase in striatum, whereas a marked increase of Nox2 expression was observed in substantia nigra (SN) of wild-type (wt) mice after PD induction. Gp91(phox-/-) 6-OHDA-lesioned mice exhibited a significant reduction in the apomorphine-induced rotational behavior, when compared to wt mice. Immunolabeling assays indicated that striatal 6-OHDA injections reduced the number of dopaminergic (DA) neurons in the SN of wt mice...
2013: PloS One
Ana Clara Cristóvão, Joana Barata, Goun Je, Yoon-Seong Kim
Our previous works have shown that the (NADPH) oxidase (Nox) enzyme, in particular Nox1, plays an important role in oxidative stress and subsequent dopaminergic cell death elicited by paraquat (PQ). In non-neuronal and glial cells, protein kinase C δ (PKCδ) shows the ability to regulate the activity of the Nox system. Herein we aimed to investigate if also in dopaminergic neurons exposed to PQ, PKCδ can regulate Nox1 expression. The chemical inhibitor, rottlerin, and short interference RNA (siRNA) were used to inhibit or selectively knockdown PKCδ, respectively...
August 2, 2013: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
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