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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102492/persistent-cognitive-deficits-after-whiplash-injury-a-comparative-study-with-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-patients-and-healthy-volunteers
#1
Kurt Beeckmans, Cleo Crunelle, Silke Van Ingelgom, Karla Michiels, Eva Dierckx, Patrick Vancoillie, Henri Hauman, Bernard Sabbe
In this study, we evaluated persistent cognitive deficits in whiplash injury (WI) patients and compared these to cognitive functioning in mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI) patients and healthy controls (HC). Sixty-one patients suffering from a WI were compared with 57 patients suffering from a MTBI and with 30 HC. They were examined with an extensive neuropsychological test battery assessing attention, memory, and visuospatial and executive functions. In both patient groups, participants showed persistent cognitive symptoms (more than 6 months post-injury)...
January 19, 2017: Acta Neurologica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088681/maintenance-effects-of-working-memory-intervention-cogmed-in-children-with-symptomatic-epilepsy
#2
Amanda Fuentes, Elizabeth N Kerr
PURPOSE: To extend previous research documenting the benefits of working memory (WM) intervention (Cogmed) immediately post-intervention in children with epilepsy by assessing the 3-month maintenance effects. METHODS: Participants involved in a previous randomized clinical trial (RCT) were invited to participate if they completed Cogmed within the last 3months (n=15) and additional participants (n=13) were prospectively recruited. Standardized assessments of near-transfer effects (i...
January 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088063/verbal-and-musical-short-term-memory-variety-of-auditory-disorders-after-stroke
#3
Catherine Hirel, Norbert Nighoghossian, Yohana Lévêque, Salem Hannoun, Lesly Fornoni, Sébastien Daligault, Patrick Bouchet, Julien Jung, Barbara Tillmann, Anne Caclin
Auditory cognitive deficits after stroke may concern language and/or music processing, resulting in aphasia and/or amusia. The aim of the present study was to assess the potential deficits of auditory short-term memory for verbal and musical material after stroke and their underlying cerebral correlates with a Voxel-based Lesion Symptom Mapping approach (VLSM). Patients with an ischemic stroke in the right (N=10) or left (N=10) middle cerebral artery territory and matched control participants (N=14) were tested with a detailed neuropsychological assessment including global cognitive functions, music perception and language tasks...
January 11, 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078408/-rehabilitation-in-children-and-adults-an-overview
#4
A Illg
BACKGROUND: The rehabilitation of patients with hearing loss includes technical, medical, and therapeutic education interventions. The success of cochlear implant (CI) treatment depends on joint coordination and execution of all measures. During the history of CI, expansion of the spectrum of indication criteria has led to evolution of auditory-verbal therapy, speech therapy, and auditory training. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This paper describes the current status of therapeutic knowledge and experience of hearing and speech therapeutic rehabilitation in children and adults...
January 11, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077769/dog-directed-speech-why-do-we-use-it-and-do-dogs-pay-attention-to-it
#5
Tobey Ben-Aderet, Mario Gallego-Abenza, David Reby, Nicolas Mathevon
Pet-directed speech is strikingly similar to infant-directed speech, a peculiar speaking pattern with higher pitch and slower tempo known to engage infants' attention and promote language learning. Here, we report the first investigation of potential factors modulating the use of dog-directed speech, as well as its immediate impact on dogs' behaviour. We recorded adult participants speaking in front of pictures of puppies, adult and old dogs, and analysed the quality of their speech. We then performed playback experiments to assess dogs' reaction to dog-directed speech compared with normal speech...
January 11, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077712/changes-in-properties-of-auditory-nerve-synapses-following-conductive-hearing-loss
#6
Xiaowen Zhuang, Wei Sun, Matthew A Xu-Friedman
: Auditory activity plays an important role in the development of the auditory system. Decreased activity can result from conductive hearing loss (CHL) associated with otitis media, which may lead to long-term perceptual deficits. The effects of CHL have been mainly studied at later stages of the auditory pathway, but early stages remain less examined. However, changes in early stages could be important because they would affect how information about sounds is conveyed to higher-order areas for further processing and localization...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076647/sex-specific-cognitive-abnormalities-in-early-onset-psychosis
#7
Miguel Ruiz-Veguilla, Josefa Moreno-Granados, Maria D Salcedo-Marin, Maria L Barrigon, Maria J Blanco-Morales, Evelio Igunza, Anselmo Cañabate, Maria D Garcia, Teresa Guijarro, Francisco Diaz-Atienza, Maite Ferrin
Objectives: Brain maturation differs depending on the area of the brain and sex. Girls show an earlier peak in maturation of the prefrontal cortex. Although differences between adult females and males with schizophrenia have been widely studied, there has been less research in girls and boys with psychosis. The purpose of this study was to examine differences in verbal and visual memory, verbal working memory, auditory attention, processing speed, and cognitive flexibility between boys and girls...
January 9, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071929/effects-of-smartphone-based-memory-training-for-older-adults-with-subjective-memory-complaints-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Seo Jin Oh, Sungmin Seo, Ji Hyun Lee, Myeong Ju Song, Min-Sup Shin
OBJECTIVES: We explored whether newly developed application (Smartphone-based brain Anti-aging and memory Reinforcement Training, SMART) improved memory performance in older adults with subjective memory complaints (SMC). METHOD: A total of 53 adults (range: 50-68 years; 52.8% female) were randomized into either one of two intervention groups [SMART (n = 18) vs. Fit Brains® (n = 19)] or a wait-list group (n = 16). Participants in the intervention groups underwent 15-20 minutes of training per day, five days per week for 8 weeks...
January 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067945/effect-of-a-long-term-intensive-lifestyle-intervention-on-cognitive-function-action-for-health-in-diabetes-study
#9
Stephen R Rapp, Jose A Luchsinger, Laura D Baker, George L Blackburn, Helen P Hazuda, Kathryn E Demos-McDermott, Robert W Jeffery, Jeffrey N Keller, Jeanne M McCaffery, Nicholas M Pajewski, Mary Evans, Thomas A Wadden, Steven E Arnold, Mark A Espeland
OBJECTIVES: To assess whether randomization to 10 years of lifestyle intervention to induce and maintain weight loss improves cognitive function. DESIGN: Randomized controlled clinical trial. SETTING: Data obtained as part of the Action for Health in Diabetes (Look AHEAD) trial (NCT00017953) and Look AHEAD Continuation study (U01 DK057136-15). PARTICIPANTS: Overweight and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus aged 45 to 76 (N = 3,751)...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066520/gait-training-interventions-for-lower-extremity-amputees-a-systematic-literature-review
#10
M Jason Highsmith, Casey R Andrews, Claire Millman, Ashley Fuller, Jason T Kahle, Tyler D Klenow, Katherine L Lewis, Rachel C Bradley, John J Orriola
Lower extremity (LE) amputation patients who use prostheses have gait asymmetries and altered limb loading and movement strategies when ambulating. Subsequent secondary conditions are believed to be associated with gait deviations and lead to long-term complications that impact function and quality of life as a result. The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature to determine the strength of evidence supporting gait training interventions and to formulate evidence statements to guide practice and research related to therapeutic gait training for lower extremity amputees...
September 2016: Technology and Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063694/post-wbrt-cognitive-impairment-and-hippocampal-neuronal-depletion-measured-by-in-vivo-metabolic-mr-spectroscopy-results-of-prospective-investigational-study
#11
Petr Pospisil, Tomas Kazda, Ludmila Hynkova, Martin Bulik, Marie Dobiaskova, Petr Burkon, Nadia N Laack, Pavel Slampa, Radim Jancalek
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The aim of this prospective study is to evaluate post-whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) changes in hippocampal concentration of N-acetylaspartate (h-tNAA) as a marker of neuronal loss and to correlate those changes to neurocognitive function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Thirty-five patients with brain metastases underwent baseline single slice multi-voxel MR spectroscopy (MRS) examination for measurement of hippocampal h-tNAA together with baseline battery of neurocognitive tests focused on memory (Auditory Verbal Learning Test and Brief Visuospatial Memory Test - Revised) as well as quality of life questionnaires (EORTC QLQ-C30 a EORTC QLQ-BN20)...
January 4, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054915/auditory-processing-disorder-as-the-sole-manifestation-of-a-cerebellopontine-and-internal-auditory-canal-lesion
#12
Vasiliki Vivian Iliadou, Nikos Eleftheriadis
BACKGROUND: Clinical importance of auditory processing disorder (APD) testing is often overlooked and regarded with skepticism given the challenging interpretation of results and the current growing debate of its nature and clinical entity. PURPOSE: Presentation of this case is highly educational as APD is the single clinical manifestation of a large cerebellopontine and internal auditory canal lesion. RESEARCH DESIGN: A case report. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: The patient underwent a standard audiological evaluation with normal results...
January 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054825/the-relationship-between-premorbid-iq-and-neurocognitive-functioning-in-individuals-with-cocaine-use-disorders
#13
James J Mahoney, Ari D Kalechstein, Anthony P De Marco, Thomas F Newton, Richard De La Garza
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether premorbid IQ mediates performance on neurocognitive tests in individuals diagnosed with cocaine use disorder (CUD). METHOD: Recently abstinent cocaine users (N = 113) completed measures sensitive to the effects of cocaine on cognition: Conners' Continuous Performance Task-II (CPT-II), n-back working memory test, and Hopkins Verbal Learning Task-Revised (HVLT-R). Premorbid IQ was calculated using the Oklahoma Premorbid Intelligence Estimate, which integrates scores from the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale-III and demographic variables...
January 5, 2017: Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052734/motor-timing-intraindividual-variability-in-amnestic-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-cognitively-intact-elders-at-genetic-risk-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Christina D Kay, Michael Seidenberg, Sally Durgerian, Kristy A Nielson, J Carson Smith, John L Woodard, Stephen M Rao
INTRODUCTION: Intraindividual variability (IIV) in motor performance has been shown to predict future cognitive decline. The apolipoprotein E-epsilon 4 (APOE-ε4) allele is also a well-established risk factor for memory decline. Here, we present novel findings examining the influence of the APOE-ε4 allele on the performance of asymptomatic healthy elders in comparison to individuals with amnestic MCI (aMCI) on a fine motor synchronization, paced finger-tapping task (PFTT). METHOD: Two Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk groups, individuals with aMCI (n = 24) and cognitively intact APOE-ε4 carriers (n = 41), and a control group consisting of cognitively intact APOE-ε4 noncarriers (n = 65) completed the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test and the PFTT, which requires index finger tapping in synchrony with a visual stimulus (interstimulus interval = 333 ms)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050213/auditory-alterations-in-children-infected-by-human-immunodeficiency-virus-verified-through-auditory-processing-test
#15
Ana Carla Leite Romero, Lívia Marangoni Alfaya, Alina Sanches Gonçales, Ana Claudia Figueiredo Frizzo, Myriam de Lima Isaac
Introduction The auditory system of HIV-positive children may have deficits at various levels, such as the high incidence of problems in the middle ear that can cause hearing loss. Objective The objective of this study is to characterize the development of children infected by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in the Simplified Auditory Processing Test (SAPT) and the Staggered Spondaic Word Test. Methods We performed behavioral tests composed of the Simplified Auditory Processing Test and the Portuguese version of the Staggered Spondaic Word Test (SSW)...
January 2017: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049081/suicidality-and-hospitalisation-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-who-experience-auditory-verbal-hallucinations
#16
C W Slotema, M B A Niemantsverdriet, J D Blom, M van der Gaag, H W Hoek, I E C Sommer
BACKGROUND: In patients with borderline personality disorder (BPD), about 22-50% experience auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). However, the impact of these hallucinations on suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, crisis-service interventions, and hospital admissions is unknown. METHODS: In a cross-sectional design, data were collected with the Psychotic Symptom Rating Scales (PSYRATS) and the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview Plus, as well as from the medical records of a convenience sample of outpatients fulfilling the DSM-IV criteria for BPD...
December 29, 2016: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045787/some-neurocognitive-correlates-of-noise-vocoded-speech-perception-in-children-with-normal-hearing-a-replication-and-extension-of-eisenberg-et-al-2002
#17
Adrienne S Roman, David B Pisoni, William G Kronenberger, Kathleen F Faulkner
OBJECTIVES: Noise-vocoded speech is a valuable research tool for testing experimental hypotheses about the effects of spectral degradation on speech recognition in adults with normal hearing (NH). However, very little research has utilized noise-vocoded speech with children with NH. Earlier studies with children with NH focused primarily on the amount of spectral information needed for speech recognition without assessing the contribution of neurocognitive processes to speech perception and spoken word recognition...
December 27, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044020/auditory-multistability-and-neurotransmitter-concentrations-in-the-human-brain
#18
Hirohito M Kondo, Dávid Farkas, Susan L Denham, Tomohisa Asai, István Winkler
Multistability in perception is a powerful tool for investigating sensory-perceptual transformations, because it produces dissociations between sensory inputs and subjective experience. Spontaneous switching between different perceptual objects occurs during prolonged listening to a sound sequence of tone triplets or repeated words (termed auditory streaming and verbal transformations, respectively). We used these examples of auditory multistability to examine to what extent neurochemical and cognitive factors influence the observed idiosyncratic patterns of switching between perceptual objects...
February 19, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038797/brain-volume-and-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-revascularized-coronary-artery-disease
#19
Thomas H Ottens, Jeroen Hendrikse, Hendrik M Nathoe, Geert Jan Biessels, Diederik van Dijk
BACKGROUND: The pathogenesis of cognitive dysfunction in patients with CAD remains unclear. CAD is associated with brain atrophy and specific lesions. Detailed knowledge about the association of brain volume measured with MRI, and cognitive function in patients with CAD is lacking. We therefore investigated brain volume and cognitive function in patients with revascularized coronary artery disease (CAD), and controls without CAD. METHODS: Brain MRI scans and cognitive tests from patients with CAD were compared with data from control subjects without CAD...
December 21, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032373/meaningful-memory-in-acute-anorexia-nervosa-patients-comparing-recall-learning-and-recognition-of-semantically-related-and-semantically-unrelated-word-stimuli
#20
Valentin Terhoeven, Ursula Kallen, Katrin Ingenerf, Steffen Aschenbrenner, Matthias Weisbrod, Wolfgang Herzog, Timo Brockmeyer, Hans-Christoph Friederich, Christoph Nikendei
OBJECTIVE: It is unclear whether observed memory impairment in anorexia nervosa (AN) depends on the semantic structure (categorized words) of material to be encoded. We aimed to investigate the processing of semantically related information in AN. METHOD: Memory performance was assessed in a recall, learning, and recognition test in 27 adult women with AN (19 restricting, 8 binge-eating/purging subtype; average disease duration: 9.32 years) and 30 healthy controls using an extended version of the Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test, applying semantically related and unrelated word stimuli...
December 29, 2016: European Eating Disorders Review: the Journal of the Eating Disorders Association
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