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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790568/-social-cognition-and-cognitive-functions-in-patients-with-epilepsy-treated-with-eslicarbazepine-acetate
#1
L Abraira, A Sanabria, G Ortega, M Quintana, E Santamarina, J Salas-Puig, M Toledo
INTRODUCTION: Epilepsy is accompanied by cognitive disorders, frequently aggravated by the use of antiepileptic drugs, which can affect social empathy. AIM: To analyse the impact of treatment with eslicarbazepine acetate (ESL) on social cognition and prefrontal cognitive functions in adults with focal epilepsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective single-centre study with patients aged between 18 and 65 years with focal seizures treated with ESL...
June 1, 2018: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780967/visual-working-memory-span-in-adults-with-cochlear-implants-some-preliminary-findings
#2
Aaron C Moberly, David B Pisoni, Michael S Harris
Objective: Neurocognitive functions, specifically verbal working memory (WM), contribute to speech recognition in postlingual adults with cochlear implants (CIs) and normal-hearing (NH) listener shearing degraded speech. Three hypotheses were tested: (1) WM accuracy as assessed using three visual span measures - digits, objects, and symbols - would correlate with recognition scores for spectrally degraded speech (through a CI or when noise-vocoded); (2) WM accuracy would be best for digit span, intermediate for object span, and lowest for symbol span, due to the increasing cognitive demands across these tasks...
December 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780353/normal-performance-in-non-visual-social-cognition-tasks-in-women-with-turner-syndrome
#3
David Anaki, Tal Zadikov-Mor, Vardit Gepstein, Ze'ev Hochberg
Turner syndrome (TS) is a chromosomal disorder in women resulting from a partial or complete absence of the X chromosome. In addition to physical and hormonal dysfunctions, along with a unique neurocognitive profile, women with TS are reported to suffer from social functioning difficulties. Yet, it is unclear whether these difficulties stem from impairments in social cognition per se or from other deficits that characterize TS but are not specific to social cognition. Previous research that has probed social functioning in TS is equivocal regarding the source of these psychosocial problems since they have mainly used tasks that were dependent on visual-spatial skills, which are known to be compromised in TS...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764877/efficacy-of-practising-tai-chi-for-older-people-with-mild-dementia-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-study
#4
Jihui Lyu, Wenjie Li, Xiangjiang Rong, Lian Wei, Nayan Huang, Mei Champ, Qian Xiong, Xueli Chen, Mo Li, Fangling Li
INTRODUCTION: Many studies suggest that Tai Chi exercise is a safe and appropriate mind-body exercise for older people and effectively slows down age-related cognitive decline. A set of bespoke Tai Chi exercise named 'Cognition Protecting Tai Chi' (CPT) has been created for older people with cognitive impairments by the research team of geriatricians, neurologists, rehabilitation specialists, experts of sports medicine and experienced practitioners of traditional Chinese medicine. This trial is designed to evaluate its effects on cognitive function, behaviour/moods, risk of falls and activities of daily living of the participants with mild dementia...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764777/comparison-of-social-interaction-between-cochlear-implanted-children-with-normal-intelligence-undergoing-auditory-verbal-therapy-and-normal-hearing-children-a-pilot-study
#5
Leila Monshizadeh, Roshanak Vameghi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Fariba Yadegari, Seyed Basir Hashemi, Petra Kirchem, Fatemeh Kasbi
OBJECTIVE: A cochlear implant is a device that helps hearing-impaired children by transmitting sound signals to the brain and helping them improve their speech, language, and social interaction. Although various studies have investigated the different aspects of speech perception and language acquisition in cochlear-implanted children, little is known about their social skills, particularly Persian-speaking cochlear-implanted children. Considering the growing number of cochlear implants being performed in Iran and the increasing importance of developing near-normal social skills as one of the ultimate goals of cochlear implantation, this study was performed to compare the social interaction between Iranian cochlear-implanted children who have undergone rehabilitation (auditory verbal therapy) after surgery and normal-hearing children...
April 2018: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744897/musical-and-verbal-short-term-memory-insights-from-neurodevelopmental-and-neurological-disorders
#6
REVIEW
Anne Caclin, Barbara Tillmann
Auditory short-term memory (STM) is a fundamental ability to make sense of auditory information as it unfolds over time. Whether separate STM systems exist for different types of auditory information (music and speech, in particular) is a matter of debate. The present paper reviews studies that have investigated both musical and verbal STM in healthy individuals and in participants with neurodevelopmental and neurological disorders. Overall, the results are in favor of only partly shared networks for musical and verbal STM...
May 9, 2018: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736060/improvement-in-neurocognitive-functions-and-serum-brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-levels-in-patients-with-depression-treated-with-antidepressants-and-yoga
#7
Naveen Gowrapura Halappa, Jagadisha Thirthalli, Shivarama Varambally, Mukund Rao, Rita Christopher, Gangadhar B Nanjundaiah
Context and Aims: Impairment in cognition is well-known in patients with major depressive disorder. This study examined the effect of yoga therapy with or without antidepressants and antidepressants alone on certain neuropsychological functions in patients with depression. Correlation between changes in neuropsychological test performance and serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels was also explored. Materials and Methods: Antidepressant-naïve/antidepressant-free outpatients with depression received antidepressant medication alone ( n = 23) or yoga therapy with ( n = 26) or without ( n = 16) antidepressants...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735975/efficacy-of-acupuncture-therapy-for-chemotherapy-related-cognitive-impairment-in-breast-cancer-patients
#8
Taishan Tong, Chunqin Pei, Jun Chen, Qing Lv, Fuquan Zhang, Zaohuo Cheng
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy can cause adverse effects such as chemotherapy-related cognitive impairment (CRCI). In this prospective study, the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine acupuncture therapy in relieving CRCI and its impact on serum brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) are evaluated. MATERIAL AND METHODS Eighty patients were randomly divided into a treatment group and a control group with 40 patients in each group. The treatment group was treated at the following acupuncture points: Baihui (DU20), Sishencong (EX-HN1), Shenting (DU24), Zusanli (ST36), Taixi (K13), Dazhong (K14), and Juegu (GB39)...
May 8, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734979/executive-and-visuospatial-dysfunction-in-patients-with-primary-restless-legs-syndrome-willis-ekbom-disease-study-of-a-chinese-population
#9
Gen Li, Huidong Tang, Jie Chen, Xuemei Qi, Shengdi Chen, Jianfang Ma
STUDY OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the cognitive function of patients with primary restless legs syndrome/Willis-Ekbom disease (RLS/WED) in a Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 40 patients with RLS/WED who were drug naïve and 40 controls, matched by age, sex, and educational level, were evaluated by cognitive function assessments, including the Chinese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE-C), clock drawing test (CDT), Auditory Verbal Learning Test (AVLT), Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure Test (CFT), and Stroop Color Word Test (SCWT)...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733409/neural-correlates-of-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-schizophrenia-and-the-therapeutic-response-to-theta-burst-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation
#10
Xingui Chen, Gong-Jun Ji, Chunyan Zhu, Xiaomeng Bai, Lu Wang, Kongliang He, Yaxiang Gao, Longxiang Tao, Fengqiong Yu, Yanghua Tian, Kai Wang
Auditory verbal hallucinations (AVHs) are a core symptom of schizophrenia, and resistant to antipsychotic medication in a substantial proportion of patients. This study aimed to investigate the neural correlates of AVHs in schizophrenia patients and its response to a modified continuous theta-burst stimulation (cTBS) by transcranial magnetic stimulation. In a cross-sectional experiment, resting-state functional magnetic resonance images were collected from 31 AVH schizophrenia patients, 26 non-AVH schizophrenia patients, and 33 sex-/age-matched healthy controls (HCs)...
May 3, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730871/the-relationship-of-insight-with-psychopathology-and-neuropsychological-functioning-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#11
Ahmet Tiryaki, Aykut Karahan, Filiz Civil Arslan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of the different dimensions of insight with clinical variables, symptom severity, and cognitive functions in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: In this cross-sectional descriptive study,  66  out  patients that applied to the Karadeniz Technical University, Psychiatry Clinic and were diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-IV were evaluated. The patients were evaluated with Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID-I), the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), and the Schedule for Assessing the Three Components of Insight (SAI)...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730869/cognitive-features-of-high-functioning-adults-with-autism-and-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#12
Öykü Mançe Çalışır, Eşref Cem Atbaşoğlu, Halise Devrimci Özgüven, Şenay Ölmez
OBJECTIVE: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) and schizophrenia share common features in terms of pathophysiology and clinical appearance. Cognitive deficits are also present in both disorders. However, ASD and schizophrenia are heterogeneous syndromes, and  few  studies  have addressed patients with these disorders who have above average educational attainment. In this study, we assessed the cognitive functions of a group of adult ASD patients with adequate mental development and verbal communication skills (High Functioning Autism, HFA) and compared them with a group of Schizophrenia patients matched for level of education...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719356/defects-of-gamma-oscillations-in-auditory-steady-state-evoked-potential-of-schizophrenia
#13
Chenhui Sun, Ping Zhou, Changming Wang, Yu Fan, Qing Tian, Fang Dong, Fuchun Zhou, Chuanyue Wang
Background: Patients with schizophrenia have many cognitive deficits. Gamma oscillations exist in the human brain and are closely related to neurocognition. Auditory Steady-State Responses (ASSRs) is an electroneurophysiological index that could reflect gamma oscillations. It was found that the energy evoked by 40 Hz ASSRs in schizophrenic patients was significantly lower than that in healthy subjects. However, the correlation between ASSRs phase index and clinical symptoms and neurocognitive deficits has yet to be systematically studied...
February 25, 2018: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29713292/avatar-therapy-for-persistent-auditory-verbal-hallucinations-in-an-ultra-resistant-schizophrenia-patient-a-case-report
#14
Laura Dellazizzo, Stéphane Potvin, Kingsada Phraxayavong, Pierre Lalonde, Alexandre Dumais
Effective treatment strategies for schizophrenia remain very challenging and many treatment-resistant patients will suffer from persistent auditory verbal hallucinations (AVH). While clozapine is the gold-standard medication for this complex population, many will not respond to this molecule. For these ultra-resistant patients, limited options are available. Cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most widely used psychological intervention, though it offers modest effects. With the interpersonal dimension of AVH being recognized, Avatar Therapy (AT), a novel experiential treatment enabling patients to create an avatar of their persecutor and allowing them to gain control over their symptoms, was developed and tested...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709790/associations-between-cognition-and-internalizing-problems-in-young-adults-with-early-onset-schizophrenia-a-13-year-follow-up-study
#15
Benedicte Strugstad, Bjørn Lau, Merete Glenne Øie
The present follow-up study examines the associations between cognition and parent-rated internalizing problems among adolescents with early-onset schizophrenia (EOS) at baseline (T1) and self-rated internalizing problems 13 years later (T2). Twelve individuals (8 male/4 female) with EOS and 30 healthy controls (16 male/14 female) were included in the study. All were between 12 and 18 years of age at T1. Internalizing problems were measured with the Achenbach System of Empirically Based Assessment Internalizing Scale...
April 12, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709666/involuntary-polymodal-imagery-involving-olfaction-audition-touch-taste-and-vision
#16
Wei Dou, Yanming Li, Mark W Geisler, Ezequiel Morsella
Percepts and urges often enter consciousness involuntarily. The Reflexive Imagery Task (RIT) reveals how high-level cognitions, too, can enter consciousness involuntarily. In the task, the eliciting stimuli are visual (e.g., picture of a cat), and the involuntary imagery is verbal (e.g., the subvocalization "cat"). The generalizability of the RIT effect has been questioned because verbal imagery is an easily elicited form of imagery. Do such effects arise for other kinds of imagery? It is known that imagery is more elicitable in some senses (e...
April 27, 2018: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29709658/acute-prediction-of-outcome-and-cognitive-communication-impairments-following-traumatic-brain-injury-the-influence-of-age-education-and-site-of-lesion
#17
Sandra Gauthier, Joanne LeBlanc, Alena Seresova, Andréanne Laberge-Poirier, José A Correa, Abdulrahman Y Alturki, Judith Marcoux, Mohammed Maleki, Mitra Feyz, Elaine de Guise
BACKGROUND: Communication impairment following a traumatic brain injury (TBI) has been well documented, yet information regarding communication skills in the acute period following the injury is limited in the literature. Also, little is known about the influence of TBI severity (mild, moderate or severe) on cognitive-communication impairments and how these impairments are related to short-term functional outcome. The goal of this study was to assess the performance of adults with mild, moderate and severe TBI on different language tests and to determine how this performance is related to functional capacity...
April 14, 2018: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706146/neuropsychological-profiles-and-trajectories-in-preclinical-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
Jean K Ho, Daniel A Nation
OBJECTIVES: The present study investigated the independent and synergistic effects of amyloid beta (Aβ1-42) and phosphorylated tau (Ptau) pathologies on neuropsychological profiles and trajectories in cognitively normal older adults. METHODS: Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative participants identified as cognitively normal at baseline underwent longitudinal assessment (N=518; 0, 12, 24, 36 months), baseline lumbar puncture and follow-up cognitive exams...
April 30, 2018: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705523/linguistic-entrenchment-prior-knowledge-impacts-statistical-learning-performance
#19
Noam Siegelman, Louisa Bogaerts, Amit Elazar, Joanne Arciuli, Ram Frost
Statistical Learning (SL) is typically considered to be a domain-general mechanism by which cognitive systems discover the underlying statistical regularities in the input. Recent findings, however, show clear differences in processing regularities across modalities and stimuli as well as low correlations between performance on visual and auditory tasks. Why does a presumably domain-general mechanism show distinct patterns of modality and stimulus specificity? Here we claim that the key to this puzzle lies in the prior knowledge brought upon by learners to the learning task...
April 26, 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704412/evaluation-of-the-relationship-between-cognitive-functioning-in-patients-with-borderline-personality-disorder-and-their-general-functioning
#20
Anna Mosiołek, Jacek Gierus, Tytus Koweszko, Agata Szulc
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study was to examine the relation between cognitive functioning in people with borderline personality disorder and their overall functioning level, as well as psychopathology intensification specific for this type of disorders. METHODS: 64 patients aged 18-55 (M = 30.09) with borderline personality disorder (emotionally unstable personality - borderline type in the ICD-10) were examined. The study used: demographic-descriptive questionnaire, SCID II, Borderline Symptom Checlist-23, and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
February 28, 2018: Psychiatria Polska
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