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Newborn hearing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900753/-issues-related-to-screening-and-caring-for-newborns-with-hearing-impairments
#1
Mei-Show Liou, Ying Tsao
The critical period for auditory development in humans begins at around the 20th gestational week and continues until 3 years of age. Both genetic and environmental factors are known to cause impaired hearing. Without early identification and intervention, hearing-impaired children face a high risk of experiencing significant difficulties with speech and language development, social behavior, and emotional functioning. Two types of commonly used hearing screening technologies include transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (aABR)...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863649/the-universal-newborn-hearing-screening-program-in-a-public-hospital-the-importance-of-the-day-of-examination
#2
Anastasia Dimitriou, Christos Perisanidis, Vasilios Chalkiadakis, Pavlos Marangoudakis, Antonios Tzagkaroulakis, Thomas P Nikolopoulos
OBJECTIVES: Newborn hearing screening programs are already implemented in many countries worldwide. Nonetheless there is still no consensus about the most proper post-birth day of examination. The purpose of this study was to assess the most appropriate day of universal hearing screening program in a public hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted in "Attiko University National Health System Hospital" and included 2494 newborns. They were examined before discharge from the hospital, using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions (TEOAEs)...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863628/an-effective-compromise-between-cost-and-referral-rate-a-sequential-hearing-screening-protocol-using-teoaes-and-aabrs-for-healthy-newborns
#3
Yingying Shang, Wenyang Hao, Zhiqiang Gao, Chunxiao Xu, Ying Ru, Daofeng Ni
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the efficacy of a sequential hearing screening protocol using transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) and automated auditory brainstem response (AABR) tests in healthy newborns. DESIGN: A TEOAE screening was performed during the first 48-72 h of life. If the infants failed, an AABR test was performed at the same time, and they were referred for a TEOAE rescreening at six weeks old. The results of screening Protocol 1 (only TEOAE) were compared with those of screening Protocol 2 (sequential TEOAE + AABR screenings for the first screening and TEOAE for the rescreening)...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863036/newborn-hearing-screening-in-prematurity-fate-of-screening-failures-and-auditory-maturation
#4
Hyung Chae Yang, Chung Man Sung, Dong Joo Shin, Yong Beom Cho, Chul Ho Jang, Hyong-Ho Cho
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify delayed auditory maturation and the fate of premature infants who failed the newborn hearing screening (NHS) in neonatal intensive care unit. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 1,375 neonates underwent NHS using the transient evoked otoacoustic emission (TEOAE) in a tertiary hospital between 2007 and 2010 according to the Joint Committee on Infant Hearing Guidelines. In addition, a structured telephone survey was given to caregivers of infants who were lost to follow-up NHS...
November 12, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861465/universal-newborn-hearing-screening-methods-and-results-obstacles-and-benefits-newborn-hearing-screening
#5
Katarzyna E Wroblewska-Seniuk, Piotr Dabrowski, Witold Szyfter, Jan Mazela
The incidence of sensorineural hearing loss ranges from 1 to 3 per 1000 live births in term healthy neonates, and 2-4 per 100 in high-risk infants, a ten-fold increase. Early identification and intervention with hearing augmentation within 6 months yields optimal effect. If undetected and without treatment, significant hearing impairment may negatively impact speech development and lead to disorders in psychological and mental behaviors.Hearing screening programs in newborns enable detection of hearing impairment in the first days after birth...
November 18, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849250/health-vulnerability-index-and-newborn-hearing-screening-urban-inequality
#6
Gabriela Cintra Januário, Claudia Regina Lindgren Alves, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos, Maria Cristina de Mattos Almeida, Ramon Costa Cruz, Amélia Augusta de Lima Friche
Purpose: To analyze the intra-urban differentials related to the outcome of the Newborn Hearing Screening (NHS) of children living in Belo Horizonte tested in a reference service using the Health Vulnerability Index (HVI). Methods: cross-sectional study with children living in Belo Horizonte evaluated by a Newborn Hearing Screening Reference Service (NHSRS) between 2010 and 2011. The HVI of the census tract of each child was obtained by the georeferencing of their respective addresses...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811529/adult-outcomes-after-newborn-respiratory-failure-treated-with-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation
#7
William A Engle, Karen W West, Gail A Hocutt, Eugenia K Pallotto, Barbara Haney, Rachel J Keith, Dan L Stewart, Ellen Knodel, Denise Suttner, Rachel Chapman, Alison Thomas, Beverly Schwerin, Eileen Stork, Moira Crowley, Anthony J Piazza, Micheal L Heard, Netsanet Gebregziabher, William Fadel, Robert Bartlett
OBJECTIVE: To describe the outcome of young adults treated for hypoxemic respiratory failure with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation as neonates. DESIGN: The study was designed as a multisite, cross sectional survey. SETTING: The survey was completed electronically or on paper by subjects and stored in a secure data base. SUBJECTS: Subjects were surviving neonatal extracorporeal membrane oxygenation patients from eight institutions who were18 years old or older...
November 1, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796098/feasibility-of-newborn-hearing-screening-in-a-public-hospital-setting-in-south-africa-a-pilot-study
#8
Amisha Kanji, Katijah Khoza-Shangase
OBJECTIVES: The current pilot study aimed to explore the feasibility of newborn hearing screening (NHS) in a hospital setting with clinical significance for the implementation of NHS. Context-specific objectives included determining the average time required to screen each neonate or infant; the most suitable time for initial hearing screening in the wards; as well as the ambient noise levels in the wards and at the neonatal follow-up clinic where screening would be conducted. METHOD: A descriptive, longitudinal, repeated measures, within-subjects design was employed...
July 21, 2016: South African Journal of Communication Disorders. die Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Kommunikasieafwykings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785406/genetic-and-clinical-analysis-of-nonsyndromic-hearing-impairment-in-pediatric-and-adult-cases
#9
J Xing, X Liu, Y Tian, J Tan, H Zhao
Previous studies have linked GJB2 gene and mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations to nonsyndromic hearing impairment (NSHI), but no study in China has yet investigated these mutations across all age groups. To fill the gap, this study ascertained 263 patients with NSHI between ages 2 months and 60 years and analyzed the presence of GJB2 gene and mtDNA A1555G/C1494T mutations by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and DNA sequencing. A total of 20 types of mutations were detected for the GJB2 gene. The GJB2 gene and mtDNA A1555G/C1494T mutations were detected in 18...
July 1, 2016: Balkan Journal of Medical Genetics: BJMG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776808/evaluation-of-family-history-of-permanent-hearing-loss-in-childhood-as-a-risk-indicator-in-universal-screening
#10
Mercedes Valido Quintana, Ángeles Oviedo Santos, Silvia Borkoski Barreiro, Alfredo Santana Rodríguez, Ángel Ramos Macías
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Sixty percent of prelingual hearing loss is of genetic origin. A family history of permanent childhood hearing loss is a risk factor. The objective of the study is to determine the relationship between this risk factor and hearing loss. We have evaluated clinical and epidemiological characteristics and related nonsyndromic genetic variation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: This was a retrospective, descriptive and observational study of newborns between January 2007 and December 2010 with family history as risk factor for hearing loss using transient evoked otoacoustic emissions and auditory brainstem response...
October 21, 2016: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746830/newborn-hearing-screening-in-a-public-maternity-ward-in-curitiba-brazil-determining-factors-for-not-retesting
#11
Idalina Luz, Angela Ribas, Lorena Kozlowski, Mariluci Willig, Ana Paula Berberian
Introduction Law 12.303/10 requires hearing screening in newborns before hospital discharge to detect possible hearing problems within the first three months after birth. If the newborn fails the test or presents signs of risk for hearing loss, it must undergo a retest and monitoring during the first year of life. In practice, this often does not happen. Objective To identify, in a group of mothers of children with risk factors for hearing loss, the determining reasons for non-compliance with the auditory retest...
October 2016: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27729148/follow-up-in-newborn-hearing-screening-a-systematic-review
#12
Rohit Ravi, Dhanshree R Gunjawate, Krishna Yerraguntla, Leslie E Lewis, Carlie Driscoll, Bellur Rajashekhar
INTRODUCTION: The quality and efficiency of newborn hearing screening programs (NHS) rely heavily on appropriate follow-up. The Joint Committee on Infant Hearing recommends a follow-up rate of more than 95% of infants who fail the initial hearing screening. However, a 70% benchmark is considered to be more feasible. This high loss to follow-up (LTF) rate acts as a threat to the overall success of NHS programs. The objective of the study was to identify and examine the reported rates of LTF, attributed reasons for LTF and strategies undertaken to reduce LTF...
November 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723885/cost-effectiveness-of-universal-and-targeted-newborn-screening-for-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection
#13
Soren Gantt, Francois Dionne, Fred K Kozak, Oran Goshen, David M Goldfarb, Albert H Park, Suresh B Boppana, Karen Fowler
Importance: Congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV) infection is a major cause of childhood deafness. Most cCMV infections are not diagnosed without newborn screening, resulting in missed opportunities for directed care. Objective: To estimate the cost-effectiveness of universal and targeted newborn cCMV screening programs compared with no cCMV screening. Design, Setting, and Participants: Models were constructed using rates and outcomes from prospective cohort studies of newborn cCMV screening in US postpartum care and early hearing programs...
October 10, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27701701/a-look-into-the-crystal-ball-for-children-who-are-deaf-or-hard-of-hearing-needs-opportunities-and-challenges
#14
Christine Yoshinaga-Itano, Mallene Wiggin
Hearing is essential for the development of speech, spoken language, and listening skills. Children previously went undiagnosed with hearing loss until they were 2.5 or 3 years of age. The auditory deprivation during this critical period of development significantly impacted long-term listening and spoken language outcomes. Due to the advent of universal newborn hearing screening, the average age of diagnosis has dropped to the first few months of life, which sets the stage for outcomes that include children with speech, spoken language, and auditory skill testing in the normal range...
November 2016: Seminars in Speech and Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686575/knowledge-and-attitude-of-parents-caregivers-towards-hearing-loss-and-screening-in-newborns-a-systematic-review
#15
Rohit Ravi, Dhanshree R Gunjawate, Krishna Yerraguntla, B Rajashekhar, Leslie E Lewis
OBJECTIVE: The parents/caregivers of a newborn play a pivotal role in the process of hearing screening and intervention. The decisions taken by them depend on their knowledge and attitude. The purpose of this study was to review the literature systematically on knowledge and attitude of parents/caregivers towards infant hearing loss and newborn hearing screening. DESIGN: A systematic search was conducted using electronic databases for the periods from 1990 to March 2016...
December 2016: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27673425/treatment-of-perinatal-viral-infections-to-improve-neurologic-outcomes
#16
REVIEW
William J Muller
Viral infections in the fetus or newborn often involve the central nervous system (CNS) and can lead to significant morbidity and mortality. Substantial progress has been made in identifying interventions decreasing adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes in this population. This review highlights progress in treatment of important viruses affecting the CNS in these susceptible hosts, focusing on herpes simplex virus (HSV), cytomegalovirus (CMV), human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and enteroviruses. The observation that high-dose acyclovir improves mortality in neonatal HSV disease culminated decades of antiviral research for this disease...
October 26, 2016: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666279/child-health-care-in-ireland
#17
Anthony Staines, Kevin P Balanda, Steve Barron, Yvonne Corcoran, Lorraine Fahy, Louise Gallagher, Tessa Greally, Jean Kilroe, Caroline Mason Mohan, Anne Matthews, Elyce McGovern, Alf Nicholson, Anne O'Farrell, Roy K Philip, Helen Whelton
The Irish health care system is based on a complex and costly mix of private, statutory, and voluntary provisions. The majority of health care expenditure comes from the state, with a significant proportion of acute hospital care funded from private insurance, but there are relatively high out-of-pocket costs for most service users. There is free access to acute hospital care, but not for primary care, for all children. About 40% of the population have free access to primary care. Universal preventive public health services, including vaccination and immunization, newborn blood spot screening, and universal neonatal hearing screening are free...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638253/persistent-cytomegalovirus-infection-in-amniotic-membranes-of-the-human-placenta
#18
Takako Tabata, Matthew Petitt, June Fang-Hoover, Martin Zydek, Lenore Pereira
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) is the leading viral cause of birth defects, including microcephaly, neurological deficits, hearing impairment, and vision loss. We previously reported that epithelial cells in amniotic membranes of placentas from newborns with intrauterine growth restriction and underlying congenital HCMV infection contain viral proteins in cytoplasmic vesicles. Herein, we immunostained amniotic membranes from 51 placentas from symptomatic and asymptomatic congenital infection with HCMV DNA in amniotic fluid and/or newborn saliva, intrauterine growth restriction, preterm deliveries, and controls...
November 2016: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635202/screening-of-dfnb3-in-iranian-families-with-autosomal-recessive-non-syndromic-hearing-loss-reveals-a-novel-pathogenic-mutation-in-the-myth4-domain-of-the-myo15a-gene-in-a-linked-family
#19
Somayeh Reiisi, Mohammad Amin Tabatabaiefar, Mohammad Hosein Sanati, Morteza Hashemzadeh Chaleshtori
OBJECTIVES: Non-syndromic sensorineural hearing loss (NSHL) is a common disorder affecting approximately 1 in 500 newborns. This type of hearing loss is extremely heterogeneous and includes over 100 loci. Mutations in the GJB2 gene have been implicated in about half of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss (ARNSHL) cases, making this the most common cause of ARNSHL. For the latter form of deafness, most frequent genes proposed include GJB2, SLC26A4, MYO15A, OTOF, and CDH23 worldwide...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630564/reactive-neurogenesis-and-down-regulation-of-the-potassium-chloride-cotransporter-kcc2-in-the-cochlear-nuclei-after-cochlear-deafferentation
#20
Brahim Tighilet, Sophie Dutheil, Marina I Siponen, Arnaud J Noreña
While many studies have been devoted to investigating the homeostatic plasticity triggered by cochlear hearing loss, the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in these central changes remain elusive. In the present study, we investigated the possibility of reactive neurogenesis after unilateral cochlear nerve section in the cochlear nucleus (CN) of cats. We found a strong cell proliferation in all the CN sub-divisions ipsilateral to the lesion. Most of the newly generated cells survive up to 1 month after cochlear deafferentation in all cochlear nuclei (except the dorsal CN) and give rise to a variety of cell types, i...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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