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Newborn hearing

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324475/bilateral-cochlear-implants-maximizing-expected-outcomes
#1
Kate E Willis, Nathan J Blum, Stephanie A Waryasz, Marilyn Augustyn
Sonia is a 4 1/12-year-old girl with Waardenburg syndrome and bilateral sensorineural hearing loss who had bilateral cochlear implants at 2 7/12 years of age. She is referred to Developmental-Behavioral Pediatrics by her speech/language pathologist because of concerns that her language skills are not progressing as expected after the cochlear implant. At the time of the implant, she communicated using approximately 20 signs and 1 spoken word (mama). At the time of the evaluation (18 months after the implant) she had approximately 70 spoken words (English and Spanish) and innumerable signs that she used to communicate...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315182/enlarged-vestibular-aqueduct-and-cochlear-implants-the-effect-of-early-counseling-on-the-length-of-time-between-candidacy-and-implantation
#2
Katlyn Bostic, Rebecca M Lewis, Brianna Chai, Juliana L Manganella, Devon L Barrett, Kosuke Kawai, Margaret A Kenna, Derek J Stiles, Terrell Clark
OBJECTIVE: To determine if discussing cochlear implantation (CI) with patients with enlarged vestibular aqueducts (EVA) and their families before reaching audiological criteria for CI candidacy effects the length of time between reaching audiological candidacy and CI surgery, and to describe the universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) results and communication modality in this sample. PATIENTS: Forty-two patients (25 females) with confirmed EVA and cochlear implants...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313308/noise-pollution-and-impact-on-children-health
#3
REVIEW
Alok Gupta, Anant Gupta, Khushbu Jain, Sweta Gupta
With rapid urbanization and life style changes, loud noise is omnipresent and has become a part of life. Indoor and outdoor environmental noise pollution have been documented as a serious health hazard with increasing adverse effects on fetus, infants, children, adolescents and adults. Noise induced hearing loss and non-auditory adverse effects due to noise pollution, are being increasingly diagnosed in all age groups including the fetus. Outdated motorized vehicles, machinery, increasing traffic, congested residential areas, crowded educational institutions and workplaces, unregulated commercial and industrial noise have become a source of noise pollution with long-term disability...
January 9, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298856/persistent-pulmonary-hypertension-of-the-newborn-in-extremely-preterm-infants-a-japanese-cohort-study
#4
Hidehiko Nakanishi, Hideyo Suenaga, Atsushi Uchiyama, Satoshi Kusuda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn (PPHN) in extremely preterm infants and its impact on neurodevelopmental outcomes at 3 years of age. DESIGN: A retrospective multicentre cohort study. SETTINGS: 202 tertiary perinatal centres registered in the Neonatal Research Network of Japan (NRNJ). PATIENTS: Infants born at <28 weeks of gestational age (GA), between 2003 and 2012, were extracted from tertiary perinatal centres participating in NRNJ...
January 3, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297270/regarding-otoacoustic-emissions-in-rural-nicaragua-cost-analysis-and-implications-for-newborn-hearing-screening
#5
Davis Thomas Pulimoottil, Karthikeyan Padmanabhan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287854/systematic-review-of-knowledge-of-attitudes-towards-and-practices-for-newborn-hearing-screening-among-healthcare-professionals
#6
REVIEW
Rohit Ravi, Dhanshree R Gunjawate, Krishna Yerraguntla, Bellur Rajashekhar
INTRODUCTION: The success of newborn hearing screening programs lies in the timely identification, diagnosis, and management of children with hearing loss accomplished via a multidisciplinary newborn hearing screening (NHS) team. The team is typically comprised of various healthcare professionals who act as decision makers as well as facilitators for different stages in the screening process. Team members' knowledge of, attitudes towards, and practices for early hearing detection and intervention programs are critical for success and prevention of loss to follow up...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281927/neonatal-screening-for-congenital-cmv-infection-stresses-the-importance-of-maternal-nonprimary-infection-even-in-an-area-where-prenatal-serology-testing-is-common
#7
Vassiliki Papaevangelou, Zoi Christoni, Christianna Vliora, Christine Kottaridi, Aikaterini Fotiou, Ariadne Malamitsi-Puchner, Andreas Mentis, Petros Karakitsos, Angeliki Syggelou
AIM AND METHODS: Dried blood spots from 2149 newborns were examined to diagnose congenital cytomegalovirus (cCMV). RESULTS: Prenatal CMV-IgG antibodies had been measured during prenatal care in 1287 (60.3%) of mothers and 980 (76.1%) of them were found seropositive. cCMV incidence was 0.47%. All newborns were asymptomatic; 9/10 were born post nonprimary maternal infection; two developed sensorineural hearing loss. CONCLUSIONS: In a country where prenatal CMV testing is common and therefore a false sense of control might prevail, nonprimary maternal infection should not be overlooked...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243512/the-relationship-between-hospital-construction-and-high-risk-infant-auditory-function-at-nicu-discharge-a-retrospective-descriptive-cohort-study
#8
Valerie Willis
PURPOSE: To describe the difference in auditory function at neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) discharge between high-risk infant cases exposed to hospital construction during NICU stay and those not exposed. BACKGROUND: Noise produced by routine NICU caregiving exceeds recommended intensity. As California hospitals undergo construction to meet seismic safety regulations, vulnerable neonates are potentially exposed to even higher levels of noise. Ramifications are unknown...
January 1, 2017: HERD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234782/newborn-screening-of-genetic-mutations-in-common-deafness-genes-with-bloodspot-based-gene-chip-array
#9
Xuehu He, Xiuzhong Li, Yaqi Guo, Yue Zhao, Hui Dong, Jie Dong, Li Zhong, Zhiyun Shi, Yuying Zhang, Mario Soliman, Chunhua Song, Zhijun Zhao
Purpose: This study screens for deafness gene mutations in newborns in the Northwest China population. Method: The 9 sites of 4 common deafness genes (GJB2, GJB3, SLC26A4, and mt 12S rRNA) were detected by bloodspot-based gene chip array in 2,500 newborns. Results: We detected mutations of the 4 genes in 101 (4.04%) newborns; particularly, 0.20% detected the double mutations. In the Hui population, 4.58% of the newborns tested positive for mutations, whereas 4...
December 12, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234358/hearing-loss-screening-tool-cobra-score-for-newborns-in-primary-care-setting
#10
Watcharapol Poonual, Niramon Navacharoen, Jaran Kangsanarak, Sirianong Namwongprom, Surasak Saokaew
Purpose: To develop and evaluate a simple screening tool to assess hearing loss in newborns. A derived score was compared with the standard clinical practice tool. Methods: This cohort study was designed to screen the hearing of newborns using transiently evoked otoacoustic emission and auditory brain stem response, and to determine the risk factors associated with hearing loss of newborns in 3 tertiary hospitals in Northern Thailand. Data were prospectively collected from November 1, 2010 to May 31, 2012...
November 2017: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229361/a-literature-review-on-maternal-fetal-and-reproductive-disorders-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection
#11
REVIEW
Shirzad Fallahi, Ali Rostami, Malihe Nourollahpour Shiadeh, Hamed Behniafar, Shahrokh Paktinat
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii infection is one of the most prevalent infectious disease with worldwide distribution. Congenital toxoplasmosis is annually responsible for 1.20 million disability-adjusted life years around the world, but often it is overlooked many countries. METHODS: We performed an updated review to summarize the current researches on fetal, neonatal and maternal consequences of T. gondii infection and also adverse effects of toxoplasmosis on women reproductive organs...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224768/newborn-hearing-screening-failure-and-maternal-factors-during-pregnancy
#12
Yehuda Schwarz, Gabriel N Kaufman, Sam J Daniel
OBJECTIVE: Temporary conductive hearing loss due to amniotic fluid accumulation in the middle ear cavity may lead to failure (false positive) in newborn hearing screening tests. The aim of this study was to identify whether amniotic fluid index has association with failure of the initial newborn otoacoustic emission (OAE) screening test. METHODS: A cohort study in a tertiary hospital center (Royal Victoria Hospital, Montréal) was constructed from 70 newborns that failed the OAE test, but passed a subsequent auditory brainstem response (ABR) test, and 75 randomly selected newborns that passed initial otoacoustic emission testing...
December 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222679/-objective-audiometry-and-clinical-application
#13
M Cebulla, D Ehrmann-Müller, W Shehata-Dieler
Subjective and objective hearing tests are used for evaluation of hearing impairments. Objective methods include impedance measurement with tympanometry and stapedius reflex measurement, otoacoustic emissions (OAE), and auditory evoked potentials (AEP). Combined with statistical analysis, the introduction of auditory steady state responses (ASSR) has enabled objective hearing tests in newborn hearing screening and automated hearing threshold assessment. The type and degree of hearing loss can be determined using the abovementioned methods...
December 8, 2017: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213154/noise-level-in-a-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-santa-marta-colombia
#14
Angélica Patricia Garrido Galindo, Yiniva Camargo Caicedo, Andres M Velez-Pereira
Introduction: The environment of neonatal intensive care units is influenced by numerous sources of noise emission, which contribute to raise the noise levels, and may cause hearing impairment and other physiological and psychological changes on the newborn, as well as problems with care staff. Objective: To evaluate the level and sources of noise in the neonatal intensive care unit. Methods: Sampled for 20 consecutive days every 60 seconds in A-weighting curves and fast mode with a Type I sound level meter...
September 30, 2017: Colombia Médica: CM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205100/role-of-cortical-auditory-evoked-potentials-in-reducing-the-age-at-hearing-aid-fitting-in-children-with-hearing-loss-identified-by-newborn-hearing-screening
#15
Kinjal Mehta, Peter Watkin, Margaret Baldwin, Josephine Marriage, Merle Mahon, Deborah Vickers
Recording of free-field cortical auditory evoked potential (CAEP) responses to speech tokens was introduced into the audiology management for infants with a permanent childhood hearing impairment (PCHI) during 2011-2015 at a U.K. service. Children with bilateral PCHI were studied from two sequential cohorts. Thirty-four children had followed an audiology pathway prior to CAEP introduction, and 44 children followed a pathway after the introduction of CAEP and were tested with unaided and aided CAEP responses...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196108/leaflets-and-continual-educational-offerings-led-to-increased-coverage-rate-of-newborn-hearing-screening-in-akita
#16
Teruyuki Sato, Misao Nakazawa, Shin Takahashi, Tomomi Mizuno, Akira Sato, Atsuko Noguchi, Megumi Sato, Sadako Katagiri, Takechiyo Yamada
OBJECTIVE: Newborn hearing screening (NHS) has been actively performed in Japan since 2001. The NHS coverage rate has increased each year in Akita Prefecture. We analyzed the details of the NHS program and how the Akita leaflets and the many educational offerings about the importance of NHS led to the high NHS coverage rate. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted in liveborn newborns in hospitals and in clinics where hearing screening was performed from the program's beginning in 2001 through the end of 2015...
November 28, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130354/delivery-of-adeno-associated-viral-vectors-in-adult-mammalian-inner-ear-cell-subtypes-without-auditory-dysfunction
#17
Yong Tao, Mingqian Huang, Yilai Shu, Adam Ruprecht, Hongyang Wang, Yong Tang, Luk H Vandenberghe, Qiuju Wang, Guangping Gao, Wei-Jia Kong, Zheng-Yi Chen
Hearing loss, including genetic hearing loss, is one of the most common forms of sensory deficits in human with limited options of treatment. Adeno-associated virus (AAV)-mediated gene transfer has been shown to effectively recover auditory functions in mouse models of genetic deafness when delivered at neonatal stages. However, the mouse cochlea is still developing at those time points whereas in human the newborn inner ears are already fully mature. For effective gene therapy to treat genetic deafness, it is necessary to determine whether or not AAV-mediated therapy can be equally effective in the fully mature mouse inner ear without causing damages to the inner ear...
November 12, 2017: Human Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116590/detection-of-congenital-cytomegalovirus-in-newborns-using-nucleic-acid-amplification-techniques-and-its-public-health-implications
#18
REVIEW
Guoyu Liu, Rong Hai, Fenyong Liu
Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV), a herpesvirus, is an important human pathogen that causes asymptomatic infections in healthy or immunocompetent individuals but can lead to severe and potentially life-threatening complications in immune-immature individuals such as neonates or immune-compromised patients such as organ-transplant recipients and HIV-positive individuals. Congenital HCMV infection represents a significant public health issue and poses substantial healthcare and economic burden to society. This virus causes the most common viral congenital infection worldwide, and is the leading non-genetic cause of sensorineural hearing loss in children in developed countries...
October 2017: Virologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106875/regional-differences-of-turkey-in-risk-factors-of-newborn-hearing-loss
#19
Ozlem Konukseven, Sule Kaya, Aydan Genc, Nuray Bayar Muluk, Figen Suren Basar, Gunay Kirkim, Ulku Tuncer, Erkan Karatas, Cigdem Topcu, Hilal Bolat, Ilknur Dincol
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to discover Turkish regional differences in the risk factors of newborn hearing loss. METHOD: A multi-centered retrospective design was used. A total of 443 children, registered to the national newborn hearing screening programme, with bilateral hearing loss, from five different regions of Turkey, were evaluated in terms of the types of hearing loss, the degree of hearing loss, the types of risk factors, parental consanguinity, age at diagnosis and age of auditory intervention, respectively...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097034/-medical-devices-correcting-the-deafness-hearing-aids-and-auditory-implants
#20
Jérôme Nevoux, Arnaud Coez, Éric Truy
The management of deafness has become a major public health issue as their lack of detection has a deleterious effect in children and increases the risk factors for aggravation of other pathologies in adults. The detection of deafness remains a real challenge: in the newborn, systematic screening at birth is a good strategy, in adults, much remains to be done. The functional rehabilitation of deafness is based on the use of hearing aids by aerial or bone conduction or of auditory implants. There are three types of auditory implants available: bone anchored hearing implants, middle ear implants and cochlear implants...
November 2017: La Presse Médicale
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