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Ahmed Hassan Al-Ghamdi, Abdelhameed Ahmed Fureeh
BACKGROUND: The objectives were to describe the frequency of clinical presentation at the onset of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) and to estimate the prevalence of T1DM among children and adolescents in the AL-Baha region, Saudi Arabia, aiming for early diagnosis of T1DM. METHODS: The clinical and laboratory data of 471 children and adolescents who presented with T1DM and received medical care at an AL-Baha diabetic center during the period from 2007 to 2016 were retrospectively analyzed based on the records...
March 28, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Mushary H Al-Dakheel, Hassan K Haridi, Bushra M Al-Bashir, Ali M Al-Shangiti, Sulaiman N Al-Shehri, Izzeldin Hussein
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to assess household coverage with iodized salt in Saudi Arabia, and to determine adequacy of salt iodization. METHODS: A school-based cross-sectional study using WHO 30-cluster survey methodology. RESULTS: Analysis of 4242 salt samples using qualitative rapid test kit (RTK) revealed that 68.7% (95% CI 67.3-70.1%) were iodized with significant regional differences (p < 0.001). The highest iodized salt samples came from Makkah (82...
February 28, 2018: Nutrition Journal
Suhana Abdul Rahim, Bee-See Goh, Safinaz Zainor, Roslenda Abdul Rahman, Asma Abdullah
The cross sectional study was conducted in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Center (UKMMC), Malaysia from August 2012 to December 2013. All patients implanted with in UKMMC from December 2001 until December 2012 was included. Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) questionnaires and UKMMC questionnaires were used as part of the assessment tool. The GBI is a scoring which measures the change in health status produced by surgical interventions. UKMMC questionnaires was invented by our department to assess questions related to social and life style of patients and also the cosmetic perspective Baha implant and other daily related activities...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Jaimin S Shah, Oscar A Viteri, Monica Longo, Mazen Abdallah, Baha Sibai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
David J Hagan, Cornelia Denz, Haim Suchowski, Ivan Biaggio, Mansoor Sheik-Bahae
The editors introduce the feature issue on "Nonlinear Optics 2017," based on the topics presented at the NLO 2017 conference, which was held in Waikoloa, Hawaii, USA from July 17-21, 2017. This feature issue is jointly published by Optics Express and Optical Materials Express.
February 5, 2018: Optics Express
Samir Mohamed El-Baha, Mahmoud Alaa Abouhussein
PURPOSE: To describe a new method of ILM staining with TB under perfluorocarbon in cases of full thickness idiopathic macular hole using the inverted ILM flap technique. METHODS: This study was a prospective interventional case series that included 42 eyes of 42 patients who had full thickness idiopathic macular hole with a minimum diameter more than 400 µm. Patients consecutively underwent vitrectomy with inverted ILM flap technique using the modified ILM staining method...
February 1, 2018: International Ophthalmology
Wenjuan Wei, Nouredine Behloul, Sarra Baha, Zhenzhen Liu, Mehwish Saba Aslam, Jihong Meng
Orally-transmitted viruses have evolved in a way to resist the extreme conditions of the host's gastrointestinal environment, especially the proteolysis of their structural proteins. However, the mechanisms allowing these viruses to survive these harsh conditions remain unclear. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is an orally-transmitted human pathogen. Its capsid protein contains three domains S, P1 and P2. The latter forms a homodimer protruding from the virus shell, making it the most exposed part. By combining biochemical and computational methods, we found the trypsin digestion sites to be highly conserved among the HEV strains...
January 29, 2018: Scientific Reports
Türkan Aydın Teke, Ayşe Kaman, Zeynep Gökçe Gayretli Aydın, Sema Apaydın, Çiğdem Genç Sel, Erkut Baha Bulduk, Saliha Kanık Yüksek, Kader Karlı Oğuz, Gönül Tanır
Neurocysticercosis is a parasitic infection of the central nervous system caused by the larval stage of Taenia solium. Although this zoonotic infection is one of the major public health problems in some developing countries, it is extremely rare in Turkey. In this article, we present the case of a pediatric patient with neurocysticercosis who was misdiagnosed with brain abscess because of focal seizures in another hospital.
December 2017: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
Ahmed Ali Shams El-Din, Nermeen Ahmed El-Desoukey, Dalia Gamil Amin Tawadrous, Neveen Mohammed Baha El-Din Fouad, Mohammed Abdel-Mooti, Said Fathy Hotar
OBJECTIVES: development of cytomegalovirus (CMV)-specific CD8+ T cell response is crucial in preventing symptomatic CMV infection specially, in stem cell transplant (SCT) patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate CMV-specific CD8+ T cell reconstitution in allogeneic SCT recipients and to study the possible association between CMV-specific CD8+ T cell recovery with protection from CMV reactivation and persistency. METHODS: Human leuKocyte antigen (HLA)-tetramers were used for CMV-specific CD8+ cell quantitation by Flow cytometry in twenty post-allogeneic SCT patients...
January 9, 2018: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
Olaide Ashimi Balogun, Raminder K Khanagura, Heather R Kregel, Farah H Amro, Baha M Sibai, Suneet P Chauhan
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to compare adverse pregnancy outcomes between fetuses with estimated fetal weight (EFW) < 10 to > 10% in women with preterm preeclampsia (PE) with severe features. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  All women with preterm PE with severe features and nonanomalous singletons with EFW were identified at a tertiary center. Women with oligohydramnios or absent/reversed umbilical Doppler velocimetry were excluded. Using multivariable analysis, we compared the composite maternal and neonatal morbidities (CMM and CNM) between those with appropriate for gestational age (AGA) fetal growth, defined as EFW at 10 to 90th versus those with fetal growth restriction (FGR), defined as EFW < 10th percentile for gestational age (GA)...
January 3, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
Saleem Farook, Sohaib Chaudhry, Baha Al Kahlout, Furqan B Irfan, Sameer Pathan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 21, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
Ziad A Haidar, Susan Hosseini Nasab, Hind N Moussa, Baha M Sibai, Sean C Blackwell
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine baseline Caesarean delivery (CD) surgical site infection (SSI) rates in various patient subgroups and to identify potentially modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors for SSI. METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a multicentre CD registry. Women who underwent CD were divided into SSI versus no SSI. SSI was defined as an infection that occurred in the part of the body where the surgery took place, within 30 days of surgery...
December 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
Baha Toygar, Ozge Yabas Kiziloglu, Okan Toygar, Ali Murat Hacimustafaoglu
AIM: To evaluate clinical outcomes after implantation of a new diffractive aspheric multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) with +3.00 addition power. METHODS: This is a retrospective, consecutive case series of cataract patients who underwent bilateral implantation of the Optiflex MO/HF D012 (Moss Vision Inc. Ltd, London, UK) multifocal IOL. Patients followed for 6mo were included in the study. Data on distance, intermediate and near visual acuity, refractive error [manifest spherical equivalent (MSE)], contrast sensitivity, adverse events, subjective symptoms, spectacle independence and patient satisfaction [visual function questionnaire (VFQ)-25 questionnaire] were retrieved from electronic medical records and analyzed...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
Varlık Erol, Tuğba Han Yılmaz, Bahattin Tuncalı, Baha Arslan, Hüseyin Gülay
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) performed for morbid obesity on serum lipid levels of dyslipidemic and normolipidemic patients. METHODS: 141 patients who underwent LSG between September 2014 and January 2016 were included in the study. RESULTS: The patients' mean body mass index was 46.27 ± 6.79 kg/m2 preoperatively, 31.60 ± 5.37 kg/m2 in the 6th month postoperatively and 27...
December 17, 2017: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Ayse Baha, Reshat Mehmet Baha, Volkan Eroglu, Aysegul Logoglu, Yahya Kemal Icen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Internal Medicine
Nadine El Asmar, Aman Rajpal, Warren R Selman, Baha M Arafah
Context and Objectives: Despite the development of hypocortisolemia after corticotroph surgical adenomectomy, 15% to 20% patients have recurrence of Cushing disease (CD). In this study, we investigated the effect of tumor size and the value of perioperative assessment of corticotropin (ACTH) and adrenal steroid levels in predicting recurrence. Design: Perioperatively, no glucocorticoids were administered until the serum cortisol was ≤3 μg/dL. Blood samples were obtained before and repeatedly after adenomectomy in 79 patients with CD...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Hetal Marfatia, Keya Shah, Sheetal Shelke, Kartik Krishnan
In this study, we have highlighted our experience with a new transcutaneous bone conduction hearing device, the Baha Attract System along with finer details on its surgical technique, some challenges faced intraoperatively and the surgical outcome. This study was carried out in our tertiary care hospital over the last 1 year. Our study included the first 4 patients, all of which were males; with a mean age of 13.25 years in whom the new Baha Attract System was used. The mean air-bone gap was 48 dB. Bone smoothening around the implant was needed in 2 patients...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Abbas Al-Kurd, Ronit Grinbaum, Ala'a Abubeih, Baha Siam, Muhammad Ghanem, Haggi Mazeh, Ido Mizrahi, Nahum Beglaibter
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) has a considerable failure rate. Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) is one of the rescue options. This study aims to compare the complication rates and outcomes between LAGB converted to LRYGB and primary LRYGB. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed in all patients converted from LAGB to LRYGB between January 2007 and March 2017. This group was compared to a matched cohort of primary LRYGB patients operated during the same period...
December 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
F Fakri, Z Bamouh, F Ghzal, W Baha, K Tadlaoui, O Fassi Fihri, W Chen, Z Bu, M Elharrak
Sheep and goat pox (SGP) with peste des petits ruminants (PPR) are transboundary viral diseases of small ruminants that cause huge economic losses. Recombinant vaccines that can protect from both infections have been reported as a promising solution for the future. SGP was used as a vector to express two structural proteins hemagglutinin or the fusion protein of PPRV. We compared immunity conferred by recombinant capripoxvirus vaccines expressing H or F or both HF. Safety and efficacy were evaluated in goats and sheep...
January 15, 2018: Virology
Ibtihal Siddiq Abdelgadir, Fawzia Elgharbawy, Khalil Mohamad Salameh, Baha Eldin Juma
Antenatal Bartter syndrome is a rare condition that can present with different clinical features. These features include early onset maternal polyhydramnios, failure to thrive, prematurity and nephrocalcinosis.We are presenting this 20-day-old girl who had an antenatal history of polyhydramnios. She developed persistent non-bilious vomiting that was associated with constipation soon after birth. She presented with failure to thrive and features suggestive of intestinal obstruction. On the initial evaluation, she was noted to have hypokalaemic, hyponatraemic metabolic alkalosis...
November 14, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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