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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925404/vitamin-d-deficiency-what-does-it-mean-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-a-concise-review-for-pulmonologists
#1
REVIEW
Kokturk Nurdan, Baha Ayse, Oh Yeon-Mok, Jung Young Ju, Jones W Paul
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2016: Clinical Respiratory Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921517/effect-of-partial-compliance-on-the-prevention-of-recurrent-preterm-birth-in-women-receiving-weekly-17-alpha-hydroxyprogesterone-caproate-injections
#2
Ziad A Haidar, Hind N Moussa, Susan Hosseini Nasab, Baha M Sibai
PURPOSE: To analyze the effect of partial compliance on preterm birth (PTB) prevention among women with previous PTB and receiving 17 alpha-hydroxyprogesterone caproate (17-OHPC). STUDY DESIGN: This is a secondary analysis of a multicenter trial for the prevention of recurrent PTB. Women with prior PTB were randomly assigned between 15 0/7 and 20 3/7 weeks to weekly injections of either 17-OHPC or placebo. Full 100% compliance (group 1) was compared to 40-80% (group 2)...
December 6, 2016: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921114/-postoperative-imaging-of-the-internal-auditory-canal-visualization-of-active-auditory-implants-german-version
#3
I Todt, G Rademacher, P Mittmann, S Mutze, A Ernst
BACKGROUND: Assessment of the internal auditory canal (IAC) and the cochlea is of central importance in neurotology. The artefacts and visibility of the different types of active auditory implants in MRI vary, due to their specific ferromagnetic components. Knowledge of the size of MRI artefacts and the options for handling these is important for the auditory rehabilitation of specific diseases (e. g., vestibular schwannoma). METHODS: The current paper is a literature review RESULTS: MRI assessment of the IAC and cochlea after surgical placement of an active auditory implant is feasible only with a percutaneous bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA, Ponto)...
December 5, 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917067/a-preliminary-account-of-the-fly-fauna-in-jabal-shada-al-a-la-nature-reserve-saudi-arabia-with-new-records-and-biogeographical-remarks-diptera-insecta
#4
Magdi S El-Hawagry, Mahmoud S Abdel-Dayem, Ali A Elgharbawy, Hathal M Al Dhafer
The first list of insects of Al-Baha Province, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) was published in 2013 and contained a total of 582 species; an addendum to this list was published in 2015 adding 142 species and bringing the total number recorded from the province to 724 insect species representing 17 orders. The previous two studies excluded Jabal Shada al-A'la Nature Reserve (SANR), so the present study in SANR, as belonging to Al-Baha Province, are complementary to the previous two. The present study presents a preliminary list of Diptera (Insecta) in SANR, with remarks on their zoogeography, and is the first of a series of planned ecological and systematic studies on different insect orders as one of the outputs of a project proposed to study the entire insect fauna of SANR...
2016: ZooKeys
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913723/the-utility-of-the-maude-database-for-osseointegrated-auditory-implants
#5
Daniel H Coelho, Alex J Tampio
OBJECTIVE: To determine the utility of Manufacturer and User Friendly Device Experience (MAUDE) database in studying osseointegrated auditory implant (OAI)-related complications. METHODS: The MAUDE database was searched for all reports involving OAIs (ie, Baha, Ponto, Sophono). Complications were classified into 1 or more of 6 categories-implant, abutment, processor, skin, surgery, and other. Subcategories were generated to prevent overgeneralization. Other variables recorded included date of report, number of complications per report, manufacturer, and time from complication to report...
January 2017: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876596/characterization-and-immunomodulatory-effects-of-glucans-from-pleurotus-albidus-a-promising-species-of-mushroom-for-farming-and-biomass-production
#6
Victor Costa Castro-Alves, Daniel Gomes, Nelson Menolli, Maurício Luís Sforça, João Roberto Oliveira do Nascimento
Polysaccharides from a number of mushroom species are recognized as functional food ingredients with potential health benefits, including immunomodulatory effects. In this study, polysaccharides extracted from the basidiome with cold water (BaCW), hot water (BaHW), and hot alkali (BaHA) solution, and exo- (MyEX) and endopolysaccharides (MyEN) from the submerged culture of Pleurotus albidus, a promising species for farming and biomass production, were analyzed for their chemical composition and structure and immunomodulatory effects on macrophages...
November 19, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872563/main-vegetation-types-and-plant-species-diversity-along-an-altitudinal-gradient-of-al-baha-region-saudi-arabia
#7
Abdullah Al-Aklabi, Abdul Wali Al-Khulaidi, Akram Hussain, Nageeb Al-Sagheer
Plant species composition patterns and vegetation types were investigated along Elevational Gradients in Al Baha region, Saudi Arabia. Sandy plain, wadis, drainage lines, rocky outcrops, hills and fallow lands occur over a wide geographic range encompassing variation in plant species and communities among these different ecological sites. To provide a quantitatively based classification of the vegetation we used Multi Variant Statistical Package (MVSP) software, followed by the re-arrangement of a matrix of the similar plant species in rows and similar sample sites in columns...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863639/conversion-of-traditional-osseointegrated-bone-anchored-hearing-aids-to-the-baha-%C3%A2-attract-in-four-pediatric-patients
#8
Elizabeth Cedars, Dylan Chan, Anga Lao, Lauren Hardies, Anna Meyer, Kristina Rosbe
Bone-anchored hearing aids are external devices attached to the skull via a titanium implant, and can be used for multiple types of hearing loss. Traditionally, osseointegrated implants have been coupled to the external processor with a percutaneous abutment, but more recently, a fully implanted, transcutaneous magnet-based system has become available. Skin reactions from the percutaneous portion are a common complication that can prevent use of the device during critical windows of language development and learning in children...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27828431/dispersion-of-nondegenerate-nonlinear-refraction-in-semiconductors
#9
Peng Zhao, Matthew Reichert, David J Hagan, Eric W Van Stryland
We use our recently developed beam-deflection technique to measure the dispersion of the nondegenerate nonlinear refraction (NLR) of direct-gap semiconductors. The magnitude and sign of the NLR coefficient n<sub>2</sub>(ωa; ωb) are determined over a broad spectral range for different values of nondegeneracy. In the extremely nondegenerate case, n<sub>2</sub>(ωa; ωb) is positively enhanced near the two-photon absorption (2PA) edge and is significantly larger than its degenerate counterpart, suggesting applications for nondegenerate all-optical switching...
October 31, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824733/outcomes-of-bone-anchored-hearing-aids-baha-for-single-sided-deafness-in-nontraditional-candidates
#10
Seth R Schwartz, Deborah Kobylk
OBJECTIVE: To assess both quality of life (QOL) and hearing outcomes in bone anchored hearing aid (BAHA) users for single sided deafness with 1) less than total hearing loss in the deaf ear, or 2) some degree of hearing loss in the better ear and compare them to traditional candidates. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective comparative cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: Patients with a BAHA for single sided deafness were assigned into groups based on hearing thresholds in the deaf ear (> or <90 dBHL) and the control ear (> or <25 dBHL)...
December 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822133/ten-steps-to-plan-design-and-implement-an-endocrinology-and-endocrine-surgery-module-for-the-faculty-of-medicine-al-baha-university
#11
Walyeldin Em Elfakey, Ahmed H Al-Ghamdi
INTRODUCTION: The Faculty of Medicine, Al-Baha University (FMBU), is a newly established medical school that implements a community-oriented and integrated system-based curriculum which is suitable for both medical students and serving the needs of the local community. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to describe the steps that were followed to plan, design, and implement an endocrinology and endocrine surgery module (EESM) for the fourth-year medical students, as an example of how system-based modules are designed at FMBU...
2016: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800067/-isolated-subcutaneous-hydatid-cyst-about-a-case-and-review-of-the-literature
#12
Bahija Lemrhari, Hasna Baha, Soufia Azzouzi, Soumyia Chiheb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27776802/bone-anchored-hearing-aid-baha-in-children-experience-of-a-tertiary-referral-centre-in-portugal
#13
Francisco Rosa, Ana Silva, Cláudia Reis, Miguel Coutinho, Jorge Oliveira, Cecília Almeida E Sousa
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to describe the experience of a tertiary referral centre in Portugal, of the placement of BAHA in children. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective analysis of all children for whom hearing rehabilitation with BAHA was indicated at a central hospital, between January 2003 and December 2014. RESULTS: 53 children were included. The most common indications for placement of BAHA were external and middle ear malformations (n=34, 64%) and chronic otitis media with difficult to control otorrhea (n=9, 17%)...
October 21, 2016: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761566/rapid-onset-obesity-hypothalamic-dysfunction-hypoventilation-and-autonomic-dysregulation-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Adel S Al-Harbi, Abdullah Al-Shamrani, Baha A Al-Shawwa
Rapid-onset obesity, hypothalamic dysfunction, hypoventilation, and autonomic dysregulation (ROHHAD) is a rare disease, but could be fatal if not diagnosed early. It mimics many other diseases and it may take few years after the onset of rapid obesity to have the other clinical features. Therefore, any patient with rapid-onset obesity after the age of 2 years should have high index of suspicion and long term follow up. We report a case of ROHHAD in Saudi Arabia and we highlight the clinical features and the importance of early diagnosis and management...
November 2016: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756903/classical-trajectories-in-polar-asymmetric-laser-fields-synchronous-thz-and-xuv-emission
#15
Aram Gragossian, Denis V Seletskiy, Mansoor Sheik-Bahae
The interaction of intense near- and mid-infrared laser pulses with rare gases has produced bursts of radiation with spectral content extending into the extreme ultraviolet and soft x-ray region of electromagnetic spectrum. On the other end of the spectrum, laser-driven gas plasmas has been shown to produce coherent sub-harmonic optical waveforms, covering from terahertz (THz) to mid- and near-infrared frequency spectral band. Both processes can be enhanced via a combination of a driving field and its second harmonic...
October 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756051/preparation-of-99m-tc-isosulfan-blue-for-lymph-node-localization-in-rats-99m-tc-isosulfan-blue-for-lymph-node-localization
#16
Derya İlem-Özdemir, Ulkem Yararbas, Baha Zengel, Gökhan Ertan, Makbule Asikoglu
The sentinel lymph node (SLN) is defined as the first regional lymph node to receive lymphatic drainage from a malignant tumor. Therefore, this node is a "sentinel" for second metastatic lymph node stations and for labeling regional tumor spread. For SLN detection, many surgeons preferred a combination of a preoperative injection of radiolabeled colloid and the intraoperative injection of blue dye. Under this combination protocol, nodes are considered to be "sentinel nodes" if they are radioactive and blue...
October 11, 2016: Applied Radiation and Isotopes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755364/a-retrospective-review-of-temporal-bone-imaging-with-respect-to-bone-anchored-hearing-aid-placement
#17
Aaron R Baker, David G Fanelli, Sangam Kanekar, Huseyin Isildak
OBJECTIVE: Current bone-anchored hearing aid (BAHA) guidelines recommend placement of the titanium implant 5 to 7 cm posterior to the ear canal. Previous studies show that bone conducted hearing is maximized the closer the transducer is to the cochlea. We aim to investigate the position of the sigmoid sinus with respect to BAHA implants to determine whether they may be safely placed closer to the ear canal in patients with chronic ear disease, enhancing the amplification available to the patient...
October 12, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27751568/advanced-system-for-implant-stability-testing-asist
#18
L Westover, G Faulkner, W Hodgetts, D Raboud
This study presents the Advanced System for Implant Stability Testing (ASIST) which provides a non-invasive, quantitative measure of the stability of percutaneous implants used for craniofacial rehabilitation such as bone anchored hearing aids or dental implants. The ASIST uses an impact technique coupled with an analytical model which allows the measure to be independent of the system components. This paper presents a laboratory evaluation of the ASIST for the Oticon Medical Ponto and the Cochlear Baha Connect bone anchored hearing aid (BAHA) systems...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733813/three-year-experience-with-the-cochlear-baha-attract-implant-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#19
Panagiotis A Dimitriadis, Matthew R Farr, Ahmed Allam, Jaydip Ray
BACKGROUND: Bone conduction devices are widely used and indicated in cases of conductive, mixed or single sided deafness where conventional hearing aids are not indicated or tolerated. Percutaneous bone-conduction devices gave satisfactory hearing outcomes but were frequently complicated by soft tissue reactions. Transcutaneous bone conduction devices were developed in order to address some of the issues related to the skin-penetrating abutment. The aim of this article is to present a systematic review of the indications, surgical technique and audiological, clinical and functional outcomes of the BAHA Attract device reported so far...
2016: BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698259/the-prediction-of-speech-recognition-in-noise-with-a-semi-implantable-bone-conduction-hearing-system-by-external-bone-conduction-stimulation-with-headband-a-prospective-study
#20
Friedrich Ihler, Jenny Blum, Max-Ulrich Berger, Bernhard G Weiss, Christian Welz, Martin Canis
Semi-implantable transcutaneous bone conduction devices are treatment options for conductive and mixed hearing loss (CHL/MHL). For counseling of patients, realistic simulation of the functional result is desirable. This study compared speech recognition in noise with a semi-implantable transcutaneous bone conduction device to external stimulation with a bone conduction device fixed by a headband. Eight German-language adult patients were enrolled after a semi-implantable transcutaneous bone conduction device (Bonebridge, Med-El) was implanted and fitted...
October 3, 2016: Trends in Hearing
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