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Pediatric hearing loss

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433849/clinical-significance-of-long-term-follow-up-of-children-with-posttraumatic-skull-base-fracture
#1
Sharon Leibu, Guy Rosenthal, Yigal Shoshan, Mony Benifla
BACKGROUND: To assess in children with skull base fractures, incidences of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak, meningitis, and the need for prophylactic antibiotics, anti-pneumococcal vaccination, and surgical interventions. METHODS: We reviewed the records of children with skull base fractures who were admitted to our tertiary care center during 2009-2014. RESULTS: 196 children (153 male) were hospitalized with skull base fractures, aged 1 month to 18 years (mean 6 ± 4 years)...
April 19, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414280/neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-and-platelet-to-lymphocyte-ratios-in-pediatric-patients-with-idiopathic-sudden-hearing-loss
#2
Suphi Bulğurcu, Bünyamin Dikilitaş, İlker Burak Arslan, İbrahim Çukurova
OBJECTIVE: We investigated the significance of the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte and platelet-to-lymphocyte ratios, which have recently been used in adults for the prognosis of idiopathic sudden hearing loss (ISHL), in the prognosis of idiopathic sudden hearing loss in a pediatric population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13 males and 8 females younger than19 years with idiopathic sudden hearing loss were retrospectively examined between January 2008 and August 2016...
April 17, 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390607/endoscopic-middle-ear-exploration-in-pediatric-patients-with-conductive-hearing-loss
#3
John M Carter, Stephen R Hoff
OBJECTIVE: To describe our indications, findings, and outcomes for transcanal endoscopic middle ear exploration in pediatric patients with conductive hearing loss of unknown etiology, without effusions. METHODS: Prospective case series for all pediatric patients undergoing totally endoscopic transcanal middle ear exploration between April 2012 and October 2015 at a pediatric tertiary care referral hospital. Demographic data, operative findings, and hearing results were reviewed...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383030/genetic-predisposition-to-sporadic-congenital-hearing-loss-in-a-pediatric-population
#4
Jinsei Jung, Joon Suk Lee, Kyeong Jee Cho, Seyoung Yu, Joo-Heon Yoon, Heon Yung Gee, Jae Young Choi
Discriminating between inherited and non-inherited sporadic hearing loss is challenging. Here, we attempted to delineate genetic inheritance in simplex cases of severe-to-profound congenital hearing loss in Korean children. Variations in SLC26A4 and GJB2 in 28 children with bilateral severe-to-profound non-syndromic hearing loss (NSHL) without familial history were analyzed using Sanger sequencing. Genetic analysis of individuals without mutations in SLC26A4 and GJB2 was performed by whole exome sequencing (WES)...
April 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28379918/cost-effectiveness-of-pediatric-cochlear-implantation-in-rural-china
#5
Jianxin Qiu, Chongxian Yu, Thathya V Ariyaratne, Chris Foteff, Zhangmin Ke, Yi Sun, Li Zhang, Feifei Qin, Georgina Sanderson
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the cost utility of cochlear implantation (CI) for severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) among children from rural settings in P.R. China (China). RESEARCH DESIGN: A cost-utility analysis (CUA) was undertaken using data generated from a single-center substudy of the Cochlear Pediatric Implanted Recipient Observational Study (Cochlear P-IROS). The data were projected over a 20-year time horizon using a decision tree model. SETTING: The Chinese healthcare payer and patient perspectives were adopted...
April 4, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323747/supporting-a-youth-with-cerebellar-ataxia-into-adolescence
#6
Veronica Meneses, Zurisadai Gonzalez-Castillo, Veronica B Edgar, Marilyn Augustyn
Zoe, a 13-year-old white girl, presents as a new patient to your pediatric clinic with complaints of frequent emesis, anxiety, and learning problems, and previous diagnosis of cerebellar ataxia. Parents accompany Zoe and state, "it is really hard for her to go out, she gets sick and falls easily." She was born full term by vaginal delivery without complications. Given globally delayed milestones, she received early intervention services. Feeding problems began at infancy, including gastroesophageal reflux and aspiration pneumonia...
April 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322114/predictive-value-of-gjb2-mutation-status-for-hearing-outcomes-of-pediatric-cochlear-implantation
#7
Yasin Abdurehim, Alexandre Lehmann, Anthony G Zeitouni
Objective To systematically review and quantify current evidence regarding the association of GJB2 mutation status with outcomes of pediatric cochlear implantation. Data Sources PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library were searched for "GJB2,"pediatric hearing loss," and "cochlear implantation" and their synonyms, with no language restrictions, until December 2, 2015. Review Methods Studies were included that investigated the status of GJB2 mutation and its predictive value for outcomes of pediatric cochlear implantation...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291986/considerations-for-pediatric-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-unilateral-or-asymmetric-hearing-loss-assessment-device-fitting-and-habilitation
#8
Laura Greaver, Hannah Eskridge, Holly F B Teagle
Purpose: The purpose of this clinical report is to present case studies of children who are nontraditional candidates for cochlear implantation because they have significant residual hearing in 1 ear and to describe outcomes and considerations for their audiological management and habilitation. Method: Case information is presented for 5 children with profound hearing loss in 1 ear and normal or mild-to-moderate hearing loss in the opposite ear and who have undergone unilateral cochlear implantation...
March 14, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277214/pediatric-minimum-speech-test-battery
#9
Kristin Uhler, Andrea Warner-Czyz, Rene Gifford, Pmstb Working Group
BACKGROUND: Assessment of patient outcomes and documentation of treatment efficacy serves as an essential component of (re)habilitative audiology; however, no standardized protocol exists for the assessment of speech perception abilities for children with hearing loss. This presents a significant challenge in tracking performance of children who utilize various hearing technologies for within-subjects assessment, between-subjects assessment, and even across different facilities. PURPOSE: The adoption and adherence to a standardized assessment protocol could help facilitate continuity of care, assist in clinical decision making, allow clinicians and researchers to define benchmarks for an aggregate clinical population, and in time, aid with patient counseling regarding expectations and predictions regarding longitudinal outcomes...
March 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270931/design-and-methods-of-the-pan-canadian-applying-biomarkers-to-minimize-long-term-effects-of-childhood-adolescent-cancer-treatment-able-nephrotoxicity-study-a-prospective-observational-cohort-study
#10
Kelly R McMahon, Shahrad Rod Rassekh, Kirk R Schultz, Maury Pinsk, Tom Blydt-Hansen, Cherry Mammen, Ross T Tsuyuki, Prasad Devarajan, Geoff D E Cuvelier, Lesley G Mitchell, Sylvain Baruchel, Ana Palijan, Bruce C Carleton, Colin J D Ross, Michael Zappitelli
BACKGROUND: Childhood cancer survivors experience adverse drug events leading to lifelong health issues. The Applying Biomarkers to Minimize Long-Term Effects of Childhood/Adolescent Cancer Treatment (ABLE) team was established to validate and apply biomarkers of cancer treatment effects, with a goal of identifying children at high risk of developing cancer treatment complications associated with thrombosis, graft-versus-host disease, hearing loss, and kidney damage. Cisplatin is a chemotherapy well known to cause acute and chronic nephrotoxicity...
2017: Canadian Journal of Kidney Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270231/mobile-tablet-audiometry-in-fluctuating-autoimmune-ear-disease
#11
Scott Kohlert, Matthew Bromwich
BACKGROUND: Autoimmune inner ear disease (AIED) is a rare condition characterized by bilateral fluctuating sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). The labile nature of this hearing loss makes it difficult to accurately quantify with conventional methods, and therefore it is challenging to rehabilitate. METHODS: Over a 9-month period one pediatric patient with severe AIED was monitored and conducted home audiograms using a previously validated testing system (Shoebox Audiometry)...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240980/potential-benefits-of-an-integrated-electric-acoustic-sound-processor-with-children-a-preliminary-report
#12
Jace Wolfe, Sara Neumann, Erin Schafer, Megan Marsh, Mark Wood, R Stanley Baker
BACKGROUND: A number of published studies have demonstrated the benefits of electric-acoustic stimulation (EAS) over conventional electric stimulation for adults with functional low-frequency acoustic hearing and severe-to-profound high-frequency hearing loss. These benefits potentially include better speech recognition in quiet and in noise, better localization, improvements in sound quality, better music appreciation and aptitude, and better pitch recognition. There is, however, a paucity of published reports describing the potential benefits and limitations of EAS for children with functional low-frequency acoustic hearing and severe-to-profound high-frequency hearing loss...
February 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225734/auditory-performance-and-electrical-stimulation-measures-in-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-auditory-neuropathy-compared-with-severe-to-profound-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#13
Joseph Attias, Tally Greenstein, Miriam Peled, David Ulanovski, Jay Wohlgelernter, Eyal Raveh
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare auditory and speech outcomes and electrical parameters on average 8 years after cochlear implantation between children with isolated auditory neuropathy (AN) and children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). DESIGN: The study was conducted at a tertiary, university-affiliated pediatric medical center. The cohort included 16 patients with isolated AN with current age of 5 to 12.2 years who had been using a cochlear implant for at least 3...
March 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184249/atlantoaxial-rotatory-fixation-as-a-rare-complication-from-head-positioning-in-otologic-surgery-report-of-two-cases-in-young-children
#14
Hiroshi Sakaida, Koji Akeda, Akihiro Sudo, Kazuhiko Takeuchi
BACKGROUND: Atlantoaxial rotatory fixation is a condition in which the first and second vertebrae of the cervical spine become interlocked in a rotated position. This condition can result in serious consequences and thus have a significant impact on patients, especially when diagnosis and treatment are delayed. Some cases of atlantoaxial rotatory fixation have been described in association with otologic surgery or plastic surgery involving the ear. We present the cases of two pediatric patients who developed atlantoaxial rotatory fixation following otologic surgery and we review the relevant literature...
2017: Patient Safety in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167016/lateral-skull-base-surgery-in-a-pediatric-population-a-25-year-experience-in-a-referral-skull-base-center
#15
Golda Grinblat, Sampath Chandra Prasad, Andrea Fulcheri, Melissa Laus, Alessandra Russo, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the pathology and surgical outcomes of lateral skull base (LSB) procedures in a pediatric population. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review in a referral skull base center. METHODS: Charts of pediatric patients who underwent defined LSB procedures from 1983 to 2015 for various pathologies were evaluated at our center. A systematic review of literature was performed and our results were compared with the literature. RESULTS: 63 patients presented with 65 diseased ears...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141652/tracheal-cartilaginous-sleeve-in-syndromic-craniosynostosis-an-underrecognized-source-of-significant-morbidity-and-mortality
#16
Brent B Pickrell, Jesse D Meaike, Karina T Cañadas, Binoy M Chandy, Edward P Buchanan
Tracheal cartilaginous sleeve (TCS) is a rare and previously unrecognized source of morbidity and mortality in patients with certain craniosynostosis syndromes. There is a paucity of reporting on this airway anomaly, and the true incidence of TCS is largely unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of TCS among patients with syndromic craniosynostosis at our institution. Patients with syndromic craniosynostosis who underwent direct bronchoscopy and laryngoscopy were evaluated retrospectively by pediatric otolaryngologists for the presence of TCS and associated anomalies...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109500/is-routine-audiometric-testing-necessary-for-children-with-isolated-preauricular-lesions
#17
Grace T Wu, Conor Devine, Allen Xu, Katie Geelan-Hansen, Samantha Anne
INTRODUCTION: Preauricular lesions, including tags, pits, sinuses, and cysts are commonly seen. Some studies have shown increased incidence of hearing loss in these patients but other studies have failed to corroborate this finding. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the incidence of hearing loss in patients with isolated preauricular lesions. METHODS: Retrospective chart review of all pediatric otolaryngology patients seen at a tertiary academic center between 2008 and 2014...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109477/clinical-outcomes-following-cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-inner-ear-anomalies
#18
Amal Isaiah, Daniel Lee, Felicity Lenes-Voit, Melissa Sweeney, Walter Kutz, Brandon Isaacson, Peter Roland, Kenneth H Lee
OBJECTIVE: A significant proportion of children with congenital hearing loss who are candidates for cochlear implants (CIs) may have inner ear malformations (IEMs). Surgical and speech outcomes following CI in these children have not been widely reported. METHODS: The charts of children who were evaluated for a CI between 1/1/1986 and 12/31/2014 at a university-based tertiary level pediatric cochlear implant center were reviewed. Principal inclusion criteria included (i) age 1-18 years, (ii) history of bilateral severe to profound sensorineural hearing loss, and (iii) limited benefit from binaural amplification...
February 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106625/long-term-hearing-results-after-ossiculoplasty
#19
Matthew D Cox, Aaron Trinidade, James Shep Russell, John L Dornhoffer
OBJECTIVES: To determine if the OOPS index is predictive of long-term hearing results after ossiculoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with retrospective chart review. SETTING: Tertiary care otology practice. PATIENTS: Adult and pediatric patients (3-88 years of age). INTERVENTIONS: Ossiculoplasty with cartilage tympanoplasty, with or without mastoidectomy. OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary outcome measures included short-term hearing results (pure-tone average air-bone gap [PTA-ABG] measured between 60 days and 1 year after surgery), long-term hearing results (PTA-ABG measured ≥5 years after surgery), and the rate of successful ABG closure to ≤20 dB...
April 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092097/complications-and-parent-satisfaction-in-pediatric-osseointegrated-bone-conduction-hearing-implants
#20
Kenny H Chan, Dexiang Gao, Emily L Jensen, Gregory C Allen, Stephen P Cass
OBJECTIVE: To assess long-term complication rate and parental satisfaction of osseointegrated bone conduction hearing implants (OBCHIs). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review of children undergoing OBCHIs. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of children undergoing OBCHIs for the treatment of conductive, mixed, and single-sided sensorineural hearing loss in children. RESULTS: Forty-five subjects were identified with 0...
January 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
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