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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340180/reliability-study-in-five-languages-of-the-translation-of-the-pain-observational-scale-algoplus
#1
Gisèle Pickering, Fiammetta Monacelli, Juan Manuel Pérez-Castejón Garrote, Hirondina Guarda, Luis Batalha, Stephen Gibson, Sumru Savas, Patrizio Odetti, Federica Gandolfo, Elisa Pastorino, Maria José Carrilho Mugeiro, Isabel Pereira Dias, Asli Kilavuz, Nicolas Macian, Bruno Pereira
Objective. : Acute pain is frequent and underestimated in older persons, especially when they suffer from cognitive impairment. Algoplus is an observational scale for acute pain evaluation, validated in French in older persons with communication disorders. We present the validation by an international expert team of the Algoplus scale in five languages: English, Spanish, Italian, Portuguese, and Turkish. Methods. : A total of 181 older consecutive patients were included in five countries (Spain, Australia, Italy, Portugal, and Turkey)...
March 13, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339883/interventions-to-improve-immigrant-health-a-scoping-review
#2
Esperanza Diaz, Gaby Ortiz-Barreda, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Michelle Holdsworth, Bukola Salami, Anu Rammohan, Roger Yat-Nork Chung, Sabu S Padmadas, Thomas Krafft
: Disparities in health between immigrants and their host populations have been described across countries and continents. Hence, interventions for improving health targeting general populations are not necessarily effective for immigrants. To conduct a systematic search of the literature evaluating health interventions for immigrants; to map the characteristics of identified studies including range of interventions, immigrant populations and their host countries, clinical areas targeted and reported evaluations, challenges and limitations of the interventions identified...
February 27, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339620/systematic-review-of-the-effectiveness-of-health-related-behavioral-interventions-using-portable-activity-sensing-devices-pasds
#3
Hamed Abedtash, Richard J Holden
Background: Portable activity sensing devices (PASDs) have received significant interest as tools for objectively measuring activity-related parameters and promoting health-related outcomes. Studies of PASDs suggest the potential value of integrating them with behavioral interventions to improve intermediate and downstream clinical outcomes. Objectives: : This systematic review describes and evaluates evidence from controlled studies of interventions using PASDs on their effectiveness in health-related outcomes...
February 11, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339436/pain-related-limitations-in-daily-activities-following-thoracic-surgery-in-a-united-states-population
#4
Emine O Bayman, Richard Lennertz, Timothy J Brennan
BACKGROUND: Ringsted et al created a statistically validated questionnaire to assess pain-related limitations in daily activities following thoracic surgery and translated it to English. We utilized the questionnaire to assess the impact of pain impairing certain daily activities in a United States thoracic surgery population. OBJECTIVES: Examine if the questionnaire developed and translated to English by Ringsted et al to assess the effects of chronic pain after thoracic surgery on daily activities would be applicable in a sample of thoracic surgery patients in the United States...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339431/perioperative-ketamine-administration-for-thoracotomy-pain
#5
Daniel W Moyse, Alan D Kaye, James H Diaz, Muhammad Y Qadri, David Lindsay, Srinivas Pyati
BACKGROUND: Of all the postsurgical pain conditions, thoracotomy pain poses a particular therapeutic challenge in terms of its prevalence, severity, and ensuing postoperative morbidity. Multiple pain generators contribute to the severity of post-thoracotomy pain, and therefore a multimodal analgesic therapy is considered to be a necessary strategy. Along with opioids, thoracic epidural analgesia, and paravertebral blocks, N-Methyl-D-Aspartate (NMDA) receptor antagonists such as ketamine have been used as adjuvants to improve analgesia...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339360/critical-role-of-stir-mri-in-early-detection-of-post-streptococcal-periostitis-with-dysproteinaemia-goldbloom-s-syndrome
#6
Riccardo Papa, Alessandro Consolaro, Francesca Minoia, Roberta Caorsi, Gianmichele Magnano, Marco Gattorno, Angelo Ravelli, Paolo Picco
OBJECTIVES: In 1966, Goldbloom et al. described two children who developed a peculiar clinical picture characterized by intermittent daily bone pain in the lower limbs, fever spikes, increased acute phase reactants and dysproteinaemia. The syndrome occurred two weeks after a group A β-haemolytic streptococcus infection. So far, only a few cases have been reported in the medical literature in English. METHODS: We report two further cases of Goldbloom's syndrome with a review of the literature in English...
March 23, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339340/patient-perspectives-on-language-discordance-during-healthcare-visits-findings-from-the-extremely-high-density-multicultural-state-of-qatar
#7
Huda Abdelrahim, Maha Elnashar, Amal Khidir, Amal Killawi, Maya Hammoud, Abdul Latif Al-Khal, Michael D Fetters
Reducing language and cultural barriers in healthcare are significant factors in resolving health disparities. Qatar's rapidly growing multicultural population presents new challenges to the healthcare system. The purpose of this research was to explore patients' perspectives about language discordance, and the strategies used to overcome language barriers during patients' visits. Participants were recruited and interviewed from four language groups (Arabic = 24, English = 20, Hindi = 20, and Urdu = 20), all of whom were living in Qatar and utilizing Hamad General Hospital-Outpatient Clinics as a source of their healthcare services...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338811/interventions-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-disability-due-to-acquired-joint-contractures-in-older-people-a-systematic-review
#8
Susanne Saal, Katrin Beutner, Julia Bogunski, Kathrin Obermüller, Martin Müller, Eva Grill, Gabriele Meyer
Background: acquired joint contractures have significant effects on quality of life and functioning. Objective: to determine the effects of interventions to prevent and treat disabilities in older people with acquired joint contractures. Methods: systematic search (last 8/2016) via Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, PEDro, CINAHL, trial registries, reference lists of retrieved articles and scientific congress pamphlets. Controlled and randomised controlled trials in English or German comparing an intervention with another intervention or standard care were included...
February 25, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338496/infants-and-adults-use-of-temporal-cues-in-consonant-discrimination
#9
Laurianne Cabrera, Lynne Werner
OBJECTIVES: Adults can use slow temporal envelope cues, or amplitude modulation (AM), to identify speech sounds in quiet. Faster AM cues and the temporal fine structure, or frequency modulation (FM), play a more important role in noise. This study assessed whether fast and slow temporal modulation cues play a similar role in infants' speech perception by comparing the ability of normal-hearing 3-month-olds and adults to use slow temporal envelope cues in discriminating consonants contrasts...
March 23, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338265/acupuncture-plus-moxibustion-for-herpes-zoster-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Meaghan E Coyle, Haiying Liang, Kaiyi Wang, Anthony Lin Zhang, Xinfeng Guo, Chuanjian Lu, Charlie C Xue
Herpes zoster is an acute inflammatory condition which can have a significant impact on quality of life. Antiviral therapies are effective, but do not meet patients' expectations of symptomatic relief. Acupuncture and moxibustion have been used for herpes zoster; this systematic review evaluated their efficacy and safety. Nine English and Chinese databases were searched from their inceptions to March 2016. Randomized controlled trials evaluating the combination of acupuncture plus moxibustion in adult herpes zoster were included...
March 24, 2017: Dermatologic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338168/-safety-and-efficacy-of-hand-assisted-laparoscopic-versus-open-distal-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Guibing Chen, Xiaoqian Xu, Jiaqing Gong, Guohu Zhang, Yongkuan Cao, Lin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To systematically assess the safety and efficacy of hand-assisted laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (HALG) versus open distal gastrectomy (ODG) for gastric cancer. METHODS: Chinese or English literature regarding comparison of HALG and ODG were collected by searching in databases (such as PubMed, Cochrane Library, CNKI, Wanfang database) between January 1996 and September 2016. The data of operative time, incision length, blood loss, number of harvested lymph nodes, time to flatus, hospital stay, postoperative complication morbidity and long-term outcomes were compared between the two procedures...
March 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338036/to-cord-or-not-to-cord-that-is-still-a-question
#12
Analia Veitz-Keenan, James R Keenan
Data sourcesA broad computerised search with similar key terms was performed in different databases that included: Ovid Medline, Thomson's ISI Web of Science, PubMed, Science Direct, EMBASE and the Cochrane Library. Grey literature, dissertations, abstracts and theses were searched too. Reference lists of the selected articles were hand-searched.Study selectionThe inclusion criteria included in vivo randomised clinical trials and quasi-randomised clinical trials using gingival retraction techniques with and without cord...
March 2017: Evidence-based Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337833/acute-cholangitis-current-concepts
#13
REVIEW
David Lan Cheong Wah, Christopher Christophi, Vijayaragavan Muralidharan
BACKGROUND: Acute cholangitis, also known as ascending cholangitis, is a life-threatening systemic condition that results from a biliary tree infection and obstruction. Severe acute cholangitis was reported to have a mortality rate between 11 and 27% in the 1990s. This article is a literature review about acute cholangitis. Its aim is to review the latest literature about acute cholangitis and to discuss its pathogenesis, clinical presentation, diagnosis, prognosis, risk factors and treatment...
March 24, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337769/accuracy-intra-and-inter-rater-reliability-of-three-scoring-systems-for-the-glottic-view-at-videolaryngoscopy
#14
E J O'Loughlin, A D Swann, J D English, R Ramadas
An accurate and reproducible recording of laryngoscopic view at tracheal intubation is an important aspect of anaesthetic practice. Unlike direct laryngoscopy, in which the view achieved by the line of sight directly relates to the ease of intubating the trachea, videolaryngoscopy can create a situation in which the view is good, but intubation difficult or impossible. Communicating this to a subsequent anaesthetist is important. We compared three scoring systems: Cormack and Lehane; POGO (percentage of glottic opening); and the Fremantle score, as used by 74 critical care doctors rating 30 anonymised videos of videolaryngoscopic intubations...
March 24, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337734/diffusion-tensor-imaging-dti-findings-in-adult-civilian-military-and-sport-related-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-mtbi-a-systematic-critical-review
#15
Breton Michael Asken, Steven T DeKosky, James R Clugston, Michael S Jaffee, Russell M Bauer
This review seeks to summarize diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) studies that have evaluated structural changes attributed to the mechanisms of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in adult civilian, military, and athlete populations. Articles from 2002 to 2016 were retrieved from PubMed/MEDLINE, EBSCOhost, and Google Scholar, using a Boolean search string containing the following terms: "diffusion tensor imaging", "diffusion imaging", "DTI", "white matter", "concussion", "mild traumatic brain injury", "mTBI", "traumatic brain injury", and "TBI"...
March 24, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337694/the-posterior-fossa-and-foreign-accent-syndrome-report-of-two-new-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#16
Stefanie Keulen, Peter Mariën, Kim van Dun, Roelien Bastiaanse, Mario Manto, Jo Verhoeven
Foreign accent syndrome is a rare motor speech disorder that causes patients to speak their language with a non-native accent. In the neurogenic condition, the disorder develops after lesions in the language dominant hemisphere, often affecting Broca's area, the insula, the supplementary motor area and the primary motor cortex. Here, we present two new cases of FAS after posterior fossa lesions. The first case is a 44-year-old, right-handed, Dutch-speaking man who suffered motor speech disturbances and a left hemiplegia after a pontine infarction...
March 23, 2017: Cerebellum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337647/revisiting-the-role-of-language-in-spatial-cognition-categorical-perception-of-spatial-relations-in-english-and-korean-speakers
#17
Kevin J Holmes, Kelsey Moty, Terry Regier
The spatial relation of support has been regarded as universally privileged in nonlinguistic cognition and immune to the influence of language. English, but not Korean, obligatorily distinguishes support from nonsupport via basic spatial terms. Despite this linguistic difference, previous research suggests that English and Korean speakers show comparable nonlinguistic sensitivity to the support/nonsupport distinction. Here, using a paradigm previously found to elicit cross-language differences in color discrimination, we provide evidence for a difference in sensitivity to support/nonsupport between native English speakers and native Korean speakers who were late English learners and tested in a context that privileged Korean...
March 23, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337419/smile-esthetics-evaluation-of-long-term-changes-in-the-transverse-dimension
#18
Sercan Akyalcin, Kenner Misner, Jeryl D English, Wick G Alexander, J Moody Alexander, Ron Gallerano
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the long-term changes in maxillary arch widths and buccal corridor ratios in orthodontic patients treated with and without premolar extractions. METHODS: The study included 53 patients who were divided into the extraction (n = 28) and nonextraction (n = 25) groups. These patients had complete orthodontic records from the pretreatment (T1), posttreatment (T2), and postretention (T3) periods. Their mean retention and postretention times were 4 years 2 months and 17 years 8 months, respectively...
March 2017: Korean Journal of Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336666/how-you-makes-meaning
#19
Ariana Orvell, Ethan Kross, Susan A Gelman
"You" is one of the most common words in the English language. Although it typically refers to the person addressed ("How are you?"), "you" is also used to make timeless statements about people in general ("You win some, you lose some."). Here, we demonstrate that this ubiquitous but understudied linguistic device, known as "generic-you," has important implications for how people derive meaning from experience. Across six experiments, we found that generic-you is used to express norms in both ordinary and emotional contexts and that producing generic-you when reflecting on negative experiences allows people to "normalize" their experience by extending it beyond the self...
March 24, 2017: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336504/mhealth-for-clinical-decision-making-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-scoping-review
#20
Ibukun-Oluwa Omolade Adepoju, Bregje Joanna Antonia Albersen, Vincent De Brouwere, Jos van Roosmalen, Marjolein Zweekhorst
BACKGROUND: In a bid to deliver quality health services in resource-poor settings, mobile health (mHealth) is increasingly being adopted. The role of mHealth in facilitating evidence-based clinical decision-making through data collection, decision algorithms, and evidence-based guidelines, for example, is established in resource-rich settings. However, the extent to which mobile clinical decision support systems (mCDSS) have been adopted specifically in resource-poor settings such as Africa and the lessons learned about their use in such settings are yet to be established...
March 23, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
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