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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913995/adenoma-prevalence-and-distribution-among-us-latino-subgroups-undergoing-screening-colonoscopy
#1
Sumedha V Chablani, Lina Jandorf, Katherine DuHamel, Kristen K Lee, Pathu Sriphanlop, Cristina Villagra, Steven H Itzkowitz
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second leading malignancy diagnosed among US Latinos. Latinos in the USA represent a heterogeneous amalgam of subgroups varying in genetic background, culture, and socioeconomic status. Little is known about the frequency of CRC precursor lesions found at screening colonoscopy among Latino subgroups. AIM: The aim was to determine the prevalence and distribution of histologically confirmed adenomas found at screening colonoscopy among average-risk, asymptomatic US Latinos according to their subgroup and socio-demographic background...
December 2, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913864/losing-a-battle-but-winning-the-war-moving-past-preference-performance-to-understand-native-herbivore-novel-host-plant-interactions
#2
Leone M Brown, Greg A Breed, Paul M Severns, Elizabeth E Crone
Introduced plants can positively affect population viability by augmenting the diet of native herbivores, but can negatively affect populations if they are subpar or toxic resources. In organisms with complex life histories, such as insects specializing on host plants, the impacts of a novel host may differ across life stages, with divergent effects on population persistence. Most research on effects of novel hosts has focused on adult oviposition preference and larval performance, but adult preference may not optimize offspring performance, nor be indicative of host quality from a demographic perspective...
December 2, 2016: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913614/relationship-between-employment-histories-and-frailty-trajectories-in-later-life-evidence-from-the-english-longitudinal-study-of-ageing
#3
Wentian Lu, Rebecca Benson, Karen Glaser, Loretta G Platts, Laurie M Corna, Diana Worts, Peggy McDonough, Giorgio Di Gessa, Debora Price, Amanda Sacker
BACKGROUND: Given the acceleration of population ageing and policy changes to extend working lives, evidence is needed on the ability of older adults to work for longer. To understand more about the health impacts of work, this study examined the relationship between employment histories before retirement and trajectories of frailty thereafter. METHODS: The sample comprised 2765 women and 1621 men from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing. We used gendered typologies of life-time employment and a frailty index (FI)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913451/treating-primary-dysmenorrhoea-with-acupuncture-a-narrative-review-of-the-relationship-between-acupuncture-dose-and-menstrual-pain-outcomes
#4
Mike Armour, Caroline A Smith
OBJECTIVE: A number of randomised controlled trials have been performed to determine the effectiveness or efficacy of acupuncture in primary dysmenorrhoea. The objective of this review was to explore the relationship between the 'dose' of the acupuncture intervention and menstrual pain outcomes. METHODS: Eight databases were systematically searched for trials examining penetrating body acupuncture for primary dysmenorrhoea published in English up to September 2015...
December 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913091/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-kannada-version-of-the-singing-voice-handicap-index
#5
Dhanshree R Gunjawate, Venkataraja U Aithal, Vasudeva Guddattu, Rajashekhar Bellur
OBJECTIVE: The present study aimed to adapt and validate the Singing Voice Handicap Index (SVHI) into Kannada language using standard procedures. STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. METHODS: The original English version of SVHI was translated into Kannada. It was administered on 106 Indian classical singers, of whom 22 complained of voice problems. Its internal consistency was determined using Cronbach's alpha coefficient (α), test-retest reliability using Pearson's product moment correlation and paired t test, and the difference in mean scores by independent sample t test...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913017/marine-anthropogenic-litter-on-british-beaches-a-10-year-nationwide-assessment-using-citizen-science-data
#6
S E Nelms, C Coombes, L C Foster, T S Galloway, B J Godley, P K Lindeque, M J Witt
Growing evidence suggests that anthropogenic litter, particularly plastic, represents a highly pervasive and persistent threat to global marine ecosystems. Multinational research is progressing to characterise its sources, distribution and abundance so that interventions aimed at reducing future inputs and clearing extant litter can be developed. Citizen science projects, whereby members of the public gather information, offer a low-cost method of collecting large volumes of data with considerable temporal and spatial coverage...
November 29, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912964/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-herbal-formula-buzhong-yiqi-tang-for-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#7
REVIEW
Yuanbin Chen, Johannah Linda Shergis, Lei Wu, Xuhua Yu, Qigang Zeng, Yinji Xu, Xinfeng Guo, Anthony Lin Zhang, Charlie Changli Xue, Lin Lin
OBJECTIVE: To systematically evaluate the efficacy and safety of Buzhong Yiqi Tang (BZYQT) for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). METHODS: Three electronic English databases (PubMed, EMBASE and CENTRAL) and four Chinese databases (CBM, CNKI, CQVIP and WFMO) were searched from their inceptions until 30th June 2016. Participants were diagnosed with COPD according to the Chinese Medical Association's COPD diagnosis and treatment guidelines or Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD), and were in stable stage...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912945/efficacy-and-safety-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-wenxin-keli-for-ventricular-premature-be-ats-a-systematic-review
#8
Mei He, Zhan Lv, Zheng-Wei Yang, Jiu-Ling Huang, Fu Liu
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of the Chinese herbal extract Wenxin Keli, alone or in combination with Western medicine, for ventricular premature beats. METHODS: This systematic review was registered at PROSPERO (registration number CRD42013003200). A systematic literature search of 8 core electronic databases and 3 clinical trial registries in Chinese and English, yielded 10 trials whose randomness verified by contacting the authors. The included trials were assessed by the Cochrane risk of bias tool...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912936/effects-of-mind-body-exercises-on-the-physiological-and-psychosocial-well-being-of-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
JoJo Yan Yan Kwok, Kai Chow Choi, Helen Yue Lai Chan
OBJECTIVES: The effects of mind-body exercises on individuals with chronic illnesses have attracted increasing attention. However, little effort had been made to systematically review the effects of these mind-body exercises on individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). This review aimed to appraise the current evidence of the effects of mind-body exercises on the physiological and psychological outcomes for the PD population. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912928/translating-self-persuasion-into-an-adolescent-hpv-vaccine-promotion-intervention-for-parents-attending-safety-net-clinics
#10
Austin S Baldwin, Deanna C Denman, Margarita Sala, Emily G Marks, L Aubree Shay, Sobha Fuller, Donna Persaud, Simon Craddock Lee, Celette Sugg Skinner, Deborah J Wiebe, Jasmin A Tiro
OBJECTIVE: Self-persuasion is an effective behavior change strategy, but has not been translated for low-income, less educated, uninsured populations attending safety-net clinics or to promote human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination. We developed a tablet-based application (in English and Spanish) to elicit parental self-persuasion for adolescent HPV vaccination and evaluated its feasibility in a safety-net population. METHODS: Parents (N=45) of age-eligible adolescents used the self-persuasion application...
November 20, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912910/molecular-imaging-for-prostate-cancer-performance-analysis-of-68-ga-psma-pet-ct-versus-choline-pet-ct
#11
L Michaud, K A Touijer
INTRODUCTION: There is a need for a precise and reliable imaging to improve the management of prostate cancer. In recent years the PET/CT with choline has changed the handling of prostate cancer in Europe, and it is commonly used for initial stratification or for the diagnosis of a biochemical recurrence, although it does not lack limitations. Other markers are being tested, including the ligand of prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA), that seems to offer encouraging prospects. The goal of this piece of work was to critically review the role of choline and PSMA PET/CT in prostate cancer...
November 29, 2016: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912886/medicinal-plants-and-natural-molecules-with-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-activity-against-rotavirus-a-systematic-review
#12
REVIEW
Gopalsamy Rajiv Gandhi, Paula Gurgel Barreto, Bruno Dos Santos Lima, Jullyana de Souza Siqueira Quintans, Adriano Antunes de Souza Araújo, Narendra Narain, Lucindo Jose Quintans-Júnior, Ricardo Queiroz Gurgel
BACKGROUND: Rotaviruses can cause life-threatening health disorders, such as severe dehydrating gastroenteritis and diarrhea in children. Vaccination is the main preventive strategy to reduce rotavirus diarrhea and the severity of episodes, but vaccines are not fully effective and new episodes may occur, even in vaccinated children. The WHO recommends oral rehydration therapy and zinc supplementation for rotavirus-induced diarrhea management. There is little preclinical evidence to support the use of phytotherapeutics in the management of rotaviral infections...
December 15, 2016: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912756/mechanisms-of-inflammatory-responses-and-development-of-insulin-resistance-how-are-they-interlinked
#13
Kanwal Rehman, Muhammad Sajid Hamid Akash
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance (IR) is one of the major hallmark for pathogenesis and etiology of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). IR is directly interlinked with various inflammatory responses which play crucial role in the development of IR. Inflammatory responses play a crucial role in the pathogenesis and development of IR which is one of the main causative factor for the etiology of T2DM. METHODS: A comprehensive online English literature was searched using various electronic search databases...
December 3, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911997/community-trait-structure-in-phytoplankton-seasonal-dynamics-from-a-method-for-sparse-trait-data
#14
Kyle F Edwards
The distribution of functional traits in communities, and how trait distributions shift over time and space, is critical information for understanding community structure, the maintenance of diversity, and community effects on ecosystem function. It is often the case that traits tightly linked to ecological performance, such as physiological capacities, are laborious to measure and largely unknown for speciose communities; however, these traits are particularly important for unraveling the mechanistic basis of community structure...
December 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911927/correction-rural-to-urban-population-density-scaling-of-crime-and-property-transactions-in-english-and-welsh-parliamentary-constituencies
#15
Quentin S Hanley, Dan Lewis, Haroldo V Ribeiro
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149546.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911293/care-plan-improvement-in-nursing-homes-an-integrative-review
#16
Elena Mariani, Rabih Chattat, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen, Raymond Koopmans, Yvonne Engels
BACKGROUND: Care planning nowadays is a key activity in the provision of services to nursing home residents. A care plan describes the residents' needs and the actions to address them, providing both individualized and standardized interventions and should be updated as changes in the residents' conditions occur. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this review was to identify the core elements of the implementation of changes in nursing homes' care plans, by providing an overview of the type of stakeholders involved, describing the implementation strategies used, and exploring how care plans changed...
November 26, 2016: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911122/an-update-on-the-use-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-analysis-as-a-diagnostic-tool-in-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Matteo Gastaldi, Elisabetta Zardini, Diego Franciotta
Intrathecal B-lymphocyte activation is a hallmark of multiple sclerosis (MS), a multi-factorial inflammatory-demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. Such activation has a counterpart in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) oligoclonal IgG bands (OCB), whose diagnostic role in MS has been downgraded within the current McDonald's criteria. With a theoretico-practical approach, the authors review the physiopathological basis of the CSF dynamics, and the state-of-the-art of routine CSF analysis and CSF biomarkers in MS...
December 2, 2016: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911015/depression-with-inflammation-longitudinal-analysis-of-a-proposed-depressive-subtype-in-community-dwelling-older-adults
#18
Damien Gallagher, Alex Kiss, Krista Lanctot, Nathan Herrmann
OBJECTIVE: It has been proposed that inflammation may be causally related to depression. If this is the case, it may be possible to distinguish an inflammatory depressive subtype according to illness course, pattern of co-morbidity and symptom profile. METHODS: Eight hundred and eleven community dwelling older adults with depression (8 item Center for Epidemiologic Studies scale ≥ 4) from the English Longitudinal study of Ageing (ELSA) were followed for a median of 47 months...
December 2, 2016: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910735/birth-of-the-cool-a-two-centuries-decline-in-emotional-expression-in-anglophone-fiction
#19
Olivier Morin, Alberto Acerbi
The presence of emotional words and content in stories has been shown to enhance a story's memorability, and its cultural success. Yet, recent cultural trends run in the opposite direction. Using the Google Books corpus, coupled with two metadata-rich corpora of Anglophone fiction books, we show a decrease in emotionality in English-speaking literature starting plausibly in the nineteenth century. We show that this decrease cannot be explained by changes unrelated to emotionality (such as demographic dynamics concerning age or gender balance, changes in vocabulary richness, or changes in the prevalence of literary genres), and that, in our three corpora, the decrease is driven almost entirely by a decline in the proportion of positive emotion-related words, while the frequency of negative emotion-related words shows little if any decline...
December 2, 2016: Cognition & Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910175/postanesthesia-evaluation-of-emotional-and-psychological-satisfaction-in-a-hispanic-population
#20
Angela Zauner, Alvaro Pinilla, Daniel Benitez, Alejandra Tellez, David Romero, Ana Suarez, Vanessa López, Eduardo Hermida
BACKGROUND: Patient satisfaction has a positive impact on clinical care. Different strategies, such as questionnaires, have been developed to evaluate and improve patient satisfaction. A validated pediatric anesthesia questionnaire previously showed the importance of perioperative care built upon a relationship of trust between healthcare providers and children and parents, and a comfortable environment in which satisfactory answers are provided. However, the questionnaire was validated in English, and no research exists on the use of satisfaction questionnaires in Spanish...
December 2, 2016: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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