keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

English

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813109/assessment-of-inhibitory-control-in-crack-and-or-cocaine-users-a-systematic-review
#1
Fernanda Rasch Czermainski, Alice Rodrigues Willhelm, Álvaro Zaneti Santos, Mayra Pacheco Pachado, Rosa Maria Martins de Almeida
Objective: Impairments involving inhibitory control have been considered central deficits in drug users, but it appears that dysfunctions may be specific to users' drug of choice. This article aims to review recent findings on inhibitory control impairment in samples of crack and/or cocaine users. Methods: Searches were conducted on the PubMed, PsycINFO, and Web of Knowledge databases in two stages according to eligibility criteria. Initially, databases were searched and the titles and abstracts of results were analyzed and then selected articles were read in full...
August 14, 2017: Trends in Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813068/cultural-adaptation-of-the-short-self-regulation-questionnaire-suggestions-for-the-speech-area
#2
Anna Alice Almeida, Mara Behlau
Purpose: To present the translated and linguistic and culturally adapted version of the Short self-regulation Questionnaire (SSRQ) for the Brazilian Portuguese and to check its applicability to patients with dysphonia. Methods: The SSRQ is a tool used to evaluate the ability to self-regulate behavior; it has 31 items and generates three scores: total index of individual self-regulation capacity and partial scores for goal setting and impulse control. Each item should be scored by means of a Likert-type 5-point scale; the total score ranges from 29 to 145 points...
August 14, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812947/a-concept-analysis-of-professional-commitment-in-nursing
#3
Loreto García-Moyano, Rogelio Altisent, Begoña Pellicer-García, Sandra Guerrero-Portillo, Oihana Arrazola-Alberdi, María Teresa Delgado-Marroquín
BACKGROUND: The concept of professional commitment is being widely studied at present. However, although it is considered an indicator for the most human part of nursing care, there is no clear definition for it, and different descriptors are being used indiscriminately to reference it. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to clarify the concept of professional commitment in nursing through the Rodgers' evolutionary concept analysis process. DESIGN: Systematic search using English and Spanish descriptors and concept analysis...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812217/what-shall-we-talk-about-in-farsi-content-of-everyday-conversations-in-iran
#4
Mahdi Dahmardeh, R I M Dunbar
Previous empirical studies have suggested that language is primarily used to exchange social information, but our evidence on this derives mainly from English speakers. We present data from a study of natural conversations among Farsi (Persian) speakers in Iran and show that not only are conversation groups the same size as those observed in Europe and North America, but people also talk predominantly about social topics. We argue that these results reinforce the suggestion that language most likely evolved for the transmission of information about the social world...
August 15, 2017: Human Nature: An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812186/the-european-board-of-interventional-radiology-examination-a-cross-sectional-web-based-survey
#5
Emma Tong, Muirne Spooner, Otto Van Delden, Raman Uberoi, Mark Sheehan, Damien C O'Neill, Michael Lee
INTRODUCTION: The Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology Society of Europe established the European Board of Interventional Radiology (EBIR) as an international examination in Interventional Radiology (IR), in 2010. The main objective of this study was to examine candidates' variables which could influence examination success. The secondary objective was to evaluate candidate feedback. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a cross-sectional web-based survey incorporating 30 questions which reviewed candidates' demographics; use of English language; education; and radiology training...
August 15, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812181/visit-attendance-patterns-in-nurse-family-partnership-community-sites
#6
Margaret L Holland, David L Olds, Ann M Dozier, Harriet J Kitzman
We examined visit attendance patterns of mothers enrolled in the Nurse-Family Partnership (NFP) home visitation program and associations between these patterns and characteristics of the families and sites, with the goal of increasing participant engagement. We utilized repeated measures latent class analysis to identify attendance patterns among 66,967 mothers in NFP sites across the USA. Mothers enrolled from 1996 to 2010. Data were collected by home visitors and aggregated by the NFP National Service Office...
August 15, 2017: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811894/the-conceptual-advances-of-carcinogenic-sequence-model-in-high-grade-serous-ovarian-cancer
#7
Hiroshi Kobayashi, Kana Iwai, Emiko Niiro, Sachiko Morioka, Yuki Yamada, Kenji Ogawa, Naoki Kawahara
The present review focuses on the current status of molecular pathology in high-grade serous cancer (HGSC) and preneoplastic conditions. This article reviews the English-language literature on HGSC, precursor, fallopian tubal epithelium, secretory cells, ciliated cells, secretory cell expansion, secretory cell outgrowth (SCOUT), p53 signature, serous tubal intraepithelial carcinoma (STIC), DNA damage and immunohistochemistry in an effort to identify the precursor-carcinoma sequence in HGSC. The majority of HGSC originates from the fimbriated end of the fallopian tube secretory epithelial cells, while the small part of this disease may develop from ovarian cortical inclusion cyst (CIC)...
September 2017: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811849/meniere-s-disease-and-vestibular-migraine-updates-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Paul Tabet, Issam Saliba
The diagnosis of Meniere's disease (MD) and vestibular migraine (VM) is primarily based on clinical criteria and their differentiation is often difficult. Currently, there are no known definitive diagnostic tests that can reliably distinguish the two conditions. Patients with MD and patients with VM are treated differently, therefore improving the diagnosis of these two pathologies should avoid errors in management. A systematic review was conducted according to PRISMA guidelines. Medline-Ovid and Embase databases were used to conduct a thorough search of English-language publications dating from 1948 to March 2016...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811732/exposure-to-and-use-of-electronic-cigarettes-does-language-matter
#9
Paul Wada, Chun Nok Lam, Elizabeth Burner, Sophie Terp, Michael Menchine, Sanjay Arora
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether patients who are English proficient become aware of e-cigarettes through different marketing tactics and have dissimilar patterns of use than patients who are non-English speaking. DESIGN: This was a cross-sectional study surveying adult English- and Spanish-speaking patients. ANOVA and chi-squared tests were used to examine differences between groups. SETTING: A large public, safety-net hospital in Los Angeles County, California...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811098/the-governance-of-integrated-health-and-social-care-in-england-since-2010-great-expectations-not-met-once-again
#10
Mark Exworthy, Martin Powell, Jon Glasby
Integrating health and social care has long been a goal of policy-makers and practitioners. Yet, this aim has remained elusive, partly due to conflicting definitions and a weak evidence base. As part of a special edition exploring the use of the TAPIC (transparency, accountability, participation, integrity and capability) framework in different national contexts and inter-agency settings, this article examines the governance of integrated care in England since 2010, focusing on the extent to which thesefive governance attributes are applicable to integrated care in England...
August 2, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811078/mentoring-models-in-neurosurgical-training-review-of-literature
#11
REVIEW
Taiwo Akhigbe, Ardalan Zolnourian, Diederik Bulters
BACKGROUND: Effective mentoring is an invaluable element in the development of next generation of neurosurgeons. A mentor helps to develop professional core values, technical and non-technical skills, attitudes and disposition required to be qualified and competent neurosurgeon. Giving the invaluable significance of mentoring in neurosurgery, we undertook this literature review to identify mentoring models evaluating its success and relative benefit. METHODS: Literature search identified using MeSH word 'mentor', mentoring, mentorship, mentoring model, neurosurgery' in MEDLINE, EMBASE and Scopus databases from 1990 to 2016...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811057/an-integrative-review-of-social-determinants-of-health-assessment-and-screening-tools-used-in-pediatrics
#12
REVIEW
Jennifer Morone
PROBLEM: Social and physical contexts which make up social determinants of health (SDOH) have tremendous impacts on youth development, health and well-being. Despite knowledge and evidence of these impacts, few pediatric SDOH screening tools are known. The purpose of this review was to identify and evaluate available pediatric SDOH screening tools. ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Articles were limited to studies in the English language, with pediatric populations, conducted in the United States, and were peer-reviewed, primary studies...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810965/the-benefits-and-risks-of-energy-drinks-in-young-adults-and-military-service-members
#13
Julianne Manchester, Inbal Eshel, Donald W Marion
INTRODUCTION: Energy drinks (EDs) have become an integral part of the young adult, athletic, and military culture. Many athletes are convinced that EDs enhance performance, and service members as well as college students frequently use EDs as stimulants to counter sleep deprivation, or to improve academic performance. However, concerns have been raised by some military leaders about potential adverse effects of EDs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A needs assessment survey of a convenience sample of military health care providers was conducted and identified EDs as a top knowledge need for those providers working in the area of traumatic brain injury (TBI)...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810901/immediate-versus-delayed-surgery-for-hip-fractures-in-the-elderly-patients-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
Thomas Klestil, Christoph Röder, Christoph Stotter, Birgit Winkler, Stefan Nehrer, Martin Lutz, Irma Klerings, Gernot Wagner, Gerald Gartlehner, Barbara Nussbaumer-Streit
BACKGROUND: Hip fractures are a major public health problem in elderly populations and are accompanied by high-mortality rates. Whether timing of surgery has an impact on morbidity and mortality has been discussed controversially, numerous studies suggest that the delay of surgery can significantly increase the risk of morbidity and mortality; others report that achieving a stable medical condition is more important than early surgery. The goal of our systematic review is to assess the impact of timing of surgery on health outcomes in patients aged 60 years or older with acute hip fracture...
August 15, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810806/evaluating-structural-change-approaches-to-health-promotion-an-exploratory-scoping-review-of-a-decade-of-u-s-progress
#15
Yuka Asada, Lisa D Lieberman, Leah C Neubauer, Rosie Hanneke, Michael C Fagen
Structural change approaches-also known as policy and environmental changes-are becoming increasingly common in health promotion, yet our understanding of how to evaluate them is still limited. An exploratory scoping review of the literature was conducted to understand approaches and methods used to evaluate structural change interventions in health promotion and public health literature. Two analysts-along with health sciences librarian consultation-searched PubMed, Web of Science, and EMBASE for peer-reviewed U...
August 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810441/the-berlin-social-support-scales-validation-of-the-received-support-scale-in-a-canadian-sample-of-patients-affected-by-melanoma
#16
Julia DiMillo, Nathan C Hall, Hélène Ezer, Ralf Schwarzer, Annett Körner
The purpose of this study was to examine the reliability and validity of the Received Support Scale of the Berlin Social Support Scales in a Canadian sample of English and French language melanoma patients ( N = 137). Participants received a skin self-examination education and completed self-report questionnaires. Exploratory factor analyses, reliability analyses, and independent samples t-tests were conducted. Findings support the unidimensionality of the Received Support Scale of the Berlin Social Support Scales...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810432/reliability-and-validity-of-the-perceived-stress-scale-10-in-hispanic-americans-with-english-or-spanish-language-preference
#17
Sharon H Baik, Rina S Fox, Sarah D Mills, Scott C Roesch, Georgia Robins Sadler, Elizabeth A Klonoff, Vanessa L Malcarne
This study examined the psychometric properties of the Perceived Stress Scale-10 among 436 community-dwelling Hispanic Americans with English or Spanish language preference. Multigroup confirmatory factor analysis examined the factorial invariance of the Perceived Stress Scale-10 across language groups. Results supported a two-factor model (negative, positive) with equivalent response patterns and item intercepts but different factor covariances across languages. Internal consistency reliability of the Perceived Stress Scale-10 total and subscale scores was good in both language groups...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810157/propagating-the-haze-community-and-professional-perceptions-of-cannabis-cultivation-and-the-impacts-of-prohibition
#18
Helen Beckett Wilson, Stuart Taylor, Giles Barrett, Janet Jamieson, Lauren Grindrod
BACKGROUND: Recent decades have seen substantial changes in the UK cannabis landscape, including increased domestic production, the ascendancy of stronger strains (namely 'skunk') and the drug's reclassification under the 1971 Misuse of Drugs Act. Resultantly, cannabis retains significance in the consciousness, priorities and policy agendas of communities, drug services and criminal justice agencies. METHODS: This paper presents an empirical study, which examined both perceptions and impacts of cannabis cultivation and its control within a North-West English borough...
August 12, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810135/is-processing-of-symbols-and-words-influenced-by-writing-system-evidence-from-chinese-korean-english-and-greek
#19
Angeliki Altani, George K Georgiou, Ciping Deng, Jeung-Ryeul Cho, Katerina Katopodi, Wei Wei, Athanassios Protopapas
We examined cross-linguistic effects in the relationship between serial and discrete versions of digit naming and word reading. In total, 113 Mandarin-speaking Chinese children, 100 Korean children, 112 English-speaking Canadian children, and 108 Greek children in Grade 3 were administered tasks of serial and discrete naming of words and digits. Interrelations among tasks indicated that the link between rapid naming and reading is largely determined by the format of the tasks across orthographies. Multigroup path analyses with discrete and serial word reading as dependent variables revealed commonalities as well as significant differences between writing systems...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810133/floor-of-mouth-hematoma-following-dental-implant-placement-systematic-review-and-case-presentation
#20
REVIEW
Catherine Law, Peyman Alam, Farzad Borumandi
PURPOSE: The authors provide a structured review of reported cases of floor-of-mouth hematoma during or after dental implantation and frequent causes and management and present a related case. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An online search of the medical literature was conducted from 1990 through 2016. The following search terms were used: floor of mouth hematoma, sublingual hematoma, dental implant hematoma, implant in mandible, and complication of dental implant. Abstracts were screened for relevance to the aims of the review...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
keyword
keyword
89032
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"