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Schizophrenia inpatient

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231044/original-research-paper-switching-antipsychotics-results-of-16-month-non-interventional-prospective-observational-clinical-research-of-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#1
Cvetka Bačar Bole, Mitja Pišlar, Metka Šen, Rok Tavčar, Aleš Mrhar
The study aims to identify prescribing and switching patterns of antipsychotics in clinical practice. A 16-month, prospective study was conducted at the Psychiatric Hospital Idrija, Slovenia. Inpatients (N = 311) with schizophrenia spectrum disorders were observed. The causes for switching antipsychotics and switching strategies were analyzed. Analyzing a total of 3954 prescriptions, the collected data confirmed that treatment strategies in this psychiatric hospital are very complex. It was found that 37 percent of inpatients had at least one switch...
March 1, 2017: Acta Pharmaceutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220613/comparison-of-treatment-patterns-in-schizophrenia-between-china-and-japan-2001-2009
#2
Yu-Tao Xiang, Takahiro A Kato, Taishiro Kishimoto, Gabor S Ungvari, Helen F K Chiu, Tian-Mei Si, Shu-Yu Yang, Senta Fujii, Chee H Ng, Naotaka Shinfuku
INTRODUCTION: To date no study has compared the treatment patterns for schizophrenia specifically between China and Japan. This study examined the cross-national differences in the use of psychotropic drugs and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in schizophrenia. METHOD: Data on 3248 schizophrenia inpatients (n = 1524 in China and n = 1724 in Japan) were collected by either chart review or interviews during the designated 3 study periods between 2001 and 2009. Patients' socio-demographic and clinical characteristics, prescriptions of psychotropic drugs, and ECT use were recorded using a standardized protocol and data collection procedure...
February 20, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215901/physical-health-medication-and-healthcare-utilization-among-70-year-old-people-with-schizophrenia-a-nationwide-danish-register-study
#3
Maria Brink, Anders Green, Anders Bo Bojesen, J Steven Lamberti, Yeates Conwell, Kjeld Andersen
OBJECTIVES: In light of the excess early mortality in schizophrenia, mainly due to physical illnesses, we investigated medical comorbidity, use of medication, and healthcare utilization among individuals with schizophrenia who survived into older ages to uncover potential factors contributing to their longevity. DESIGN: A nationwide register-based case-control study comparing 70-year-olds with and without schizophrenia. SETTING: Cases were drawn from the Danish Psychiatric Central Register...
January 9, 2017: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214752/metabolic-syndrome-and-cardiovascular-risk-among-institutionalized-patients-with-schizophrenia-receiving-long-term-tertiary-care
#4
Lee Seng Esmond Seow, Siow Ann Chong, Peizhi Wang, Saleha Shafie, Hui Lin Ong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiovascular risk are highly prevalent among individuals with schizophrenia. This study aimed to determine the cardiometabolic profile and the associated risk factors in a group of institutionalized patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder receiving prolonged hospital care in the only tertiary psychiatric institution in Singapore. METHODS: Patients residing in long stay wards who were hospitalized for a minimum period of 1year were recruited...
February 2, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203265/cardiometabolic-comorbidities-readmission-and-costs-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-a-real-world-analysis
#5
Christoph U Correll, Daisy S Ng-Mak, Dana Stafkey-Mailey, Eileen Farrelly, Krithika Rajagopalan, Antony Loebel
BACKGROUND: Serious mental illnesses are associated with increased risk of cardiometabolic comorbidities. The objective of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of cardiometabolic comorbidity and its association with hospitalization outcomes and costs among inpatients with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder. METHODS: This retrospective database analysis reviewed patients with an inpatient diagnosis of schizophrenia or bipolar disorder from the Premier Perspective® Database (4/1/2010-6/30/2012)...
2017: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197005/p300-and-neuropsychological-measurements-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-their-healthy-biological-siblings
#6
D Vijaya Raghavan, Arumugam Shanmugiah, P Bharathi, Ramasamy Jeyaprakash
BACKGROUND: Patients with schizophrenia and their first-degree relatives' exhibit abnormalities in neuropsychological and electrophysiological measures especially P300. The aim was to study the P300 and neuropsychological measures together in patients with schizophrenia, their unaffected siblings, and normal controls. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty patients diagnosed as schizophrenia, their unaffected biological siblings, and normal controls were included in the study...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192770/the-relationship-between-childhood-trauma-emotion-recognition-and-irritability-in-schizophrenia-patients
#7
Mustafa Melih Bilgi, Seval Taspinar, Burcu Aksoy, Kaya Oguz, Kerry Coburn, Ali Saffet Gonul
This study investigated the relationship between childhood trauma, irritability, and emotion recognition, in schizophrenia patients during a psychotic break. Thirty-six schizophrenia inpatients and 36 healthy controls were assessed with the Irritability Questionnaire (IRQ) and two facial emotion recognition tasks, the Emotion Discrimination Test (EDT) and Emotion Identification Test (EIT). Patients were further assessed with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM III-R Axis II Disorders (SCID-II), the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS), and the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire-28 (CTQ-28)...
February 3, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181959/indications-for-and-use-of-long-acting-injectable-antipsychotics-consideration-from-an-inpatient-setting
#8
Taishiro Kishimoto, Sohag Sanghani, Mark J Russ, Akeem N Marsh, Joshua Morris, Suparna Basu, Majnu John, John M Kane
Studies have examined the differences in sociodemographic/clinical characteristics between patients on long-acting injectable (LAI) versus oral medications. However, most studies did not focus specifically on patients for whom LAIs would clearly be indicated. We performed a chart review of patients with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. Patients were categorized as having an 'indication for an LAI' or not on the basis of their adherence history. Patients for whom an LAI was indicated and prescribed on discharge were then compared with similar patients for whom an LAI was not prescribed...
February 8, 2017: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173881/the-needs-of-older-people-with-mental-health-problems-in-a-portuguese-psychiatric-setting
#9
Joaquim Passos, Aníbal Fonte, Cláudia Camila Dias, Lia Fernandes
BACKGROUND: This study aims to identify met and unmet needs, according to the patient, the carer and the staff, and their relationship with socio-demographic and clinical characteristics in elderly people with mental health problems. METHODS: A sample of 306 elderly patients ≥65 years, of both sexes, diagnosed with mental illness (ICD-10 criteria), was recruited from inpatient/outpatient settings in a Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, in northern Portugal...
February 8, 2017: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167327/physical-activity-ameliorates-the-association-between-sedentary-behavior-and-cardiometabolic-risk-among-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-a-comparison-versus-controls-using-accelerometry
#10
Brendon Stubbs, Li-Jung Chen, Ming-Shun Chung, Po-Wen Ku
OBJECTIVE: A lack of clarity exists regarding the relationship between objectively measured physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) and cardiometabolic outcomes in people with schizophrenia. We conducted a large study investigating the independent relationships of PA and SB among inpatients with schizophrenia versus healthy controls (HCs). METHODS: A cross sectional study including 199 inpatients with schizophrenia (mean age 44.0years, mean illness duration 23...
January 20, 2017: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152400/what-is-the-prevalence-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-asd-traits-in-psychosis-a-systematic-review
#11
Debbie L Kincaid, Michael Doris, Ciaran Shannon, Ciaran Mulholland
There is increasing evidence to suggest both a symptomatic overlap and a clinically significant degree of co-occurrence between Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and psychotic disorders such as schizophrenia but the nature of such relationships remain unclear. We reviewed the literature reporting prevalence rates of Autistic-like Traits (ALTs) and ASD in populations with a diagnosis of schizophrenia or other psychotic disorder. A search of three large databases was conducted and from this seven studies met the criteria for inclusion...
January 7, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150091/reliability-and-validity-of-the-short-version-of-udvalg-for-kliniske-undersogelser-in-antipsychotic-treatment
#12
Kun-Po Chen, For-Wey Lung
The aim of this study was to develop a reliable and valid short version of the Udvalg for Kliniske Undersogelser (UKU) to efficiently evaluate the side effects of antipsychotics in patients with schizophrenia. This multi-site study included 10 hospitals, which included 331 inpatients and outpatients diagnosed with schizophrenia. UKU, Clinical Global Impression-Severity (CGI-S), Personal and Social Performance (PSP) and dosage of paliperidone were collected. The predictive validity of the UKU-short version, as well as that of the CGI-S, PSP and paliperidone dosages, was analyzed using structural equation modeling (SEM), latent growth models (LGM), and confirmatory factor analysis to test its content and construct validity...
February 1, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141633/association-of-self-reported-impulsivity-to-nonsuicidal-self-injury-suicidality-and-mortality-in-adolescent-psychiatric-inpatients
#13
Lauri Alasaarela, Helinä Hakko, Kaisa Riala, Pirkko Riipinen
This study examines the association of self-reported impulsivity to nonsuicidal self-injury, suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and completed suicides in a clinical sample of 508 Finnish adolescents (aged 12-17) treated in psychiatric inpatient care between April 2001 and March 2006. The Schedule for Affective Disorder and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children Present and Lifetime interview was used to gather information on psychiatric disorders, impulsivity, and suicidality of the adolescents. Mortality data were obtained from the national cause of death register...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126703/ecological-assessment-of-clinicians-antipsychotic-prescription-habits-in-psychiatric-inpatients-a-novel-web-and-mobile-phone-based-prototype-for-a-dynamic-clinical-decision-support-system
#14
Sofian Berrouiguet, Maria Luisa Barrigón, Sara A Brandt, George C Nitzburg, Santiago Ovejero, Raquel Alvarez-Garcia, Juan Carballo, Michel Walter, Romain Billot, Philippe Lenca, David Delgado-Gomez, Juliette Ropars, Ivan de la Calle Gonzalez, Philippe Courtet, Enrique Baca-García
BACKGROUND: Electronic prescribing devices with clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) hold the potential to significantly improve pharmacological treatment management. OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to develop a novel Web- and mobile phone-based application to provide a dynamic CDSS by monitoring and analyzing practitioners' antipsychotic prescription habits and simultaneously linking these data to inpatients' symptom changes. METHODS: We recruited 353 psychiatric inpatients whose symptom levels and prescribed medications were inputted into the MEmind application...
January 26, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28126575/low-levels-of-serum-total-antioxidant-capacity-and-presence-at-admission-and-absence-at-discharge-of-a-day-night-change-as-a-marker-of-acute-paranoid-schizophrenia-relapse
#15
Armando L Morera-Fumero, Estefanía Díaz-Mesa, Pedro Abreu-Gonzalez, Lourdes Fernandez-Lopez, Maria Del Rosario Cejas-Mendez
BACKGROUND: An oxidant-antioxidant system dysregulation has been described as a schizophrenia pathophysiological base. The total antioxidant capacity (TAC) is one measure of the antioxidant capacity of a system. Day/night concentration changes is a biological characteristic of hormones such as melatonin or cortisol. There is no information about TAC day/night changes in schizophrenia. AIMS: Studying the existence of a day/night TAC change in schizophrenia. METHOD: Forty-three DSM-IV paranoid schizophrenia inpatients participated in the study...
January 19, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123661/subjective-sleep-quality-and-sleep-duration-of-patients-in-a-psychiatric-hospital
#16
Matthias J Müller, Christiane Olschinski, Bernd Kundermann, Nicole Cabanel
Sleep complaints and sleep disturbances are highly prevalent in patients with psychiatric disorders. During hospitalization the patients' condition may be even worse but little is known about the subjective sleep quality in psychiatric hospitals. Thus, we have investigated subjective sleep quality and mean sleep duration in patients with different psychiatric disorders at the end of hospitalization. For a period of one year, inpatients of a psychiatric hospital with diagnosis of substance use disorder (SUD), schizophrenia (SCZ), or anxiety/depressive disorders (AND) were routinely asked to fill in an easily comprehensible sleep quality questionnaire at the end of their hospitalization...
July 2016: Sleep Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104067/the-effectiveness-of-the-nanta-program-on-psychiatric-symptoms-interpersonal-relationships-and-quality-of-life-in-forensic-inpatients-with-schizophrenia
#17
Gang-Sook Jeon, Moonhee Gang, Kyongok Oh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Nanta-program on psychiatric symptoms, interpersonal relationships, and quality of life (QoL) in forensic inpatients with schizophrenia (SPR). METHODS: A quasi-experimental study employing a nonequivalent control group and pre-posttest design was conducted. Participants were 38 forensic inpatients with SPR from South Korea (experimental group=18, control group=20). The intervention was conducted in 12 sessions over 12 weeks, taking 90 min per session...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088223/predictors-of-long-term-use-of-psychiatric-services-of-patients-with-recent-onset-schizophrenia-12%C3%A2-years-follow-up
#18
Víðir Sigrúnarson, Rolf W Gråwe, Stian Lydersen, Gunnar Morken
BACKGROUND: The aim of study was to investigate predictors of long term use of psychiatric services of patients with recent-onset schizophrenia. METHODS: A cohort of 50 clinically stable patients with recent-onset schizophrenia was included in a randomized controlled trial comparing early integrated treatment with treatment as usual. Recent onset was defined as emergence of psychotic symptoms for the first time during the preceding 2 years. The follow up period was from the date of randomization and until 12 years after termination of treatment trial, 14 years forward...
January 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071963/impaired-verbal-learning-in-forensic-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder
#19
Lasha Corbett, Kenny A Karyadi, Dominique Kinney, Stephen R Nitch, Stacey Marie Bayan, Mark Williams
The present study aimed to: (a) examine verbal learning performances among forensic inpatients diagnosed with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder (SSD); and (b) compare verbal learning performances among forensic SSD inpatients, SSD outpatients, and a small control sample. Participants included forensic SSD inpatients (n = 71), SSD outpatients (n = 305; see Stone et al.), and a control sample from the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II) manual (n = 78; see Delis, Kramer, Kaplan, & Ober). Five verbal learning outcomes were measured using the CVLT-II...
January 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056892/correlations-between-physical-activity-and-neurocognitive-domain-functions-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Yusuke Kurebayashi, Junichi Otaki
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive dysfunction is a critical target symptom of schizophrenia treatment. A positive correlation between physical activity level and neurocognitive function has been reported in healthy individuals, but it is unclear whether such a correlation exists in patients with schizophrenia and whether the relationship is different according to inpatients or outpatients. This study aimed to examine the differences in the correlations between physical activity and multiple neurocognitive domains in inpatients and outpatients with schizophrenia and obtain suggestions for further study to facilitate this field...
January 5, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
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