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Schizophrenia inpatient

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104067/the-effectiveness-of-the-nanta-program-on-psychiatric-symptoms-interpersonal-relationships-and-quality-of-life-in-forensic-inpatients-with-schizophrenia
#1
Gang-Sook Jeon, Moonhee Gang, Kyongok Oh
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Nanta-program on psychiatric symptoms, interpersonal relationships, and quality of life (QoL) in forensic inpatients with schizophrenia (SPR). METHODS: A quasi-experimental study employing a nonequivalent control group and pre-posttest design was conducted. Participants were 38 forensic inpatients with SPR from South Korea (experimental group=18, control group=20). The intervention was conducted in 12 sessions over 12 weeks, taking 90 min per session...
February 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088223/predictors-of-long-term-use-of-psychiatric-services-of-patients-with-recent-onset-schizophrenia-12%C3%A2-years-follow-up
#2
Víðir Sigrúnarson, Rolf W Gråwe, Stian Lydersen, Gunnar Morken
BACKGROUND: The aim of study was to investigate predictors of long term use of psychiatric services of patients with recent-onset schizophrenia. METHODS: A cohort of 50 clinically stable patients with recent-onset schizophrenia was included in a randomized controlled trial comparing early integrated treatment with treatment as usual. Recent onset was defined as emergence of psychotic symptoms for the first time during the preceding 2 years. The follow up period was from the date of randomization and until 12 years after termination of treatment trial, 14 years forward...
January 14, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071963/impaired-verbal-learning-in-forensic-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorder
#3
Lasha Corbett, Kenny A Karyadi, Dominique Kinney, Stephen R Nitch, Stacey Marie Bayan, Mark Williams
The present study aimed to: (a) examine verbal learning performances among forensic inpatients diagnosed with Schizophrenia Spectrum Disorder (SSD); and (b) compare verbal learning performances among forensic SSD inpatients, SSD outpatients, and a small control sample. Participants included forensic SSD inpatients (n = 71), SSD outpatients (n = 305; see Stone et al.), and a control sample from the California Verbal Learning Test-II (CVLT-II) manual (n = 78; see Delis, Kramer, Kaplan, & Ober). Five verbal learning outcomes were measured using the CVLT-II...
January 10, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056892/correlations-between-physical-activity-and-neurocognitive-domain-functions-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#4
Yusuke Kurebayashi, Junichi Otaki
BACKGROUND: Neurocognitive dysfunction is a critical target symptom of schizophrenia treatment. A positive correlation between physical activity level and neurocognitive function has been reported in healthy individuals, but it is unclear whether such a correlation exists in patients with schizophrenia and whether the relationship is different according to inpatients or outpatients. This study aimed to examine the differences in the correlations between physical activity and multiple neurocognitive domains in inpatients and outpatients with schizophrenia and obtain suggestions for further study to facilitate this field...
January 5, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049441/psychiatric-readmissions-and-their-association-with-physical-comorbidity-a-systematic-literature-review
#5
Lilijana Šprah, Mojca Zvezdana Dernovšek, Kristian Wahlbeck, Peija Haaramo
BACKGROUND: Comorbidity between mental and physical disorder conditions is the rule rather than the exception. It is estimated that 25% of adult population have mental health condition and 68% of them suffer from comorbid medical condition. Readmission rates in psychiatric patients are high and we still lack understanding potential predictors of recidivism. Physical comorbidity could be one of important risk factors for psychiatric readmission. The aim of the present study was to review the impact of physical comorbidity variables on readmission after discharge from psychiatric or general inpatient care among patients with co-occurring psychiatric and medical conditions...
January 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044455/health-care-resource-utilization-and-costs-of-california-medicaid-patients-with-schizophrenia-treated-with-paliperidone-palmitate-once-monthly-or-atypical-oral-antipsychotic-treatment
#6
Jacqueline A Pesa, Dilesh Doshi, Li Wang, Huseyin Yuce, Onur Baser
OBJECTIVE: To compare all-cause health care utilization and costs between patients with schizophrenia treated with once-monthly paliperidone palmitate (PP1M; Invega® Sustenna(®)) and atypical oral antipsychotic therapy (OAT). METHODS: This was a retrospective claims-based analysis among adult California Medicaid (Medi-Cal) patients with schizophrenia having ≥2 claims for PP1M or OAT from 01JUL2009-31DEC2013 and continuous health plan enrollment for ≥1 year pre- and post-index date (PP1M or OAT initiation date)...
January 3, 2017: Current Medical Research and Opinion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040825/training-patients-with-schizophrenia-to-share-decisions-with-their-psychiatrists-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Johannes Hamann, Anna Parchmann, Nina Sassenberg, Katharina Bronner, Margot Albus, Alwin Richter, Sandra Hoppstock, Werner Kissling
PURPOSE: Many patients with schizophrenia have a desire for shared decision-making (SDM). However, in clinical practice SDM often does not take place. One cause might be that many patients behave passively in the medical encounter, therefore not facilitating SDM. It was the aim of the study to evaluate the effects of a patient directed SDM-training on patients' communicative behavior in the consultation, their attitudes towards decision-making and their long-term adherence. METHODS: Randomized-controlled trial comparing a five-session SDM-training for inpatients with schizophrenia with five sessions of non-specific group training...
December 31, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028581/time-trends-in-first-admission-rates-for-schizophrenia-and-other-psychotic-disorders-in-taiwan-1998-2007-a-10-year-population-based-cohort-study
#8
Chih-Lin Chiang, Pei-Chun Chen, Ling-Ya Huang, Po-Hsiu Kuo, Yu-Chi Tung, Chen-Chung Liu, Wei J Chen
PURPOSE: To examine the trend in annual first admission rates for psychotic disorders as a whole as well as individual psychotic disorders in Taiwan from 1998 to 2007, and influences of age, sex, and geographic region on the trend. METHOD: Using the inpatient claims records in the National Health Insurance Research Database, we estimated the yearly first admission rates for schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders, including voluntary (1998-2007) and involuntary (2004-2007) admissions...
December 27, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017494/formal-thought-disorder-in-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
REVIEW
Berna Yalincetin, Emre Bora, Tolga Binbay, Halis Ulas, Berna Binnur Akdede, Koksal Alptekin
Historically, formal thought disorder has been considered as one of the distinctive symptoms of schizophrenia. However, research in last few decades suggested that there is a considerable clinical and neurobiological overlap between schizophrenia and bipolar disorder (BP). We conducted a meta-analysis of studies comparing positive (PTD) and negative formal thought disorder (NTD) in schizophrenia and BP. We included 19 studies comparing 715 schizophrenia and 474 BP patients. In the acute inpatient samples, there was no significant difference in the severity of PTD (d=-0...
December 22, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000013/an-evaluation-of-racial-and-ethnic-health-differences-in-state-mental-health-inpatient-services-2002-2005-versus-2010-2011
#10
Elizabeth H Flanagan, Astrea Greig, Sue Tharnish, Ellen Boynton, Maria-Cristina Cruza-Guet, Larry Davidson, Miriam E Delphin-Rittmon
This study analyzed racial-ethnic differences previously documented in the Connecticut Department of Mental Health and Addiction Services mental health inpatient system across two time periods (2002-2005 and 2010-2011). Comparisons of logistic regression analyses from the two time periods showed that, at time 1, significant racial-ethnic differences were found for referral by other sources (e.g., outpatient), length of stay, discharge against medical advice, and some diagnostic differences (e.g., schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders, cluster B discharge diagnosis), but these differences were not significant at time 2...
December 20, 2016: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998264/factors-associated-with-readmission-in-south-african-adolescents-discharged-from-two-inpatient-psychosocial-rehabilitation-units
#11
Deirdre Pieterse, Henk Temmingh, Wendy Vogel
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to describe the socio-demographic and clinical factors associated with readmission in an adolescent population discharged from two inpatient psychosocial rehabilitation (PSR) units in Cape Town, South Africa. METHOD: Data were obtained from 97 consecutive patients discharged from two adolescent psychiatric PSR units over a period of one year. Patients were followed up for readmission to hospitals offering specialised psychiatric care in the Western Cape Province over a period of 18 months...
October 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27997274/the-efficacy-of-psychoeducation-on-recurrent-depression-a-randomized-trial-with-a-2-year-follow-up
#12
Jørgen Aagaard, Leslie Foldager, Ahmad Makki, Vibeke Hansen, Klaus Müller-Nielsen
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of psychoeducation is well documented in the treatment of relapse prevention of schizophrenia, and recently also in bipolar disorder; however, for recurrent depression only few controlled studies focusing on the efficacy of psychoeducation have been conducted. AIMS: This randomized study tests the efficacy of treatment-as-usual supplemented with a psychoeducative programme for patients with recurrent depression, treated at Community Mental Health Centres (CMHC) in Denmark...
December 20, 2016: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994714/factors-associated-with-adherence-to-the-hedis-quality-measure-in-medicaid-patients-with-schizophrenia
#13
Marie-Hélène Lafeuille, Christian Frois, Michel Cloutier, Mei Sheng Duh, Patrick Lefebvre, Jacqueline Pesa, Zoe Clancy, John Fastenau, Mike Durkin
BACKGROUND: Treatment continuity is a major challenge in the long-term management of patients with schizophrenia; poor patient adherence to antipsychotic drugs has been associated with negative clinical outcomes. Long-acting injectable therapies may improve adherence and lessen the risk for psychiatric-related relapse, often leading to rehospitalization and higher healthcare costs. Therefore, understanding the determinants of adherence to antipsychotics is critical in the management of patients with schizophrenia...
October 2016: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991418/medical-resource-utilization-by-taiwanese-psychiatric-inpatients-under-the-national-health-insurance-system
#14
Chiachi Bonnie Lee, Chung-Yi Li, Chih-Ming Lin
BACKGROUND: The length of stay in Taiwan's psychiatric facilities is unusually long compared with that of other countries. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To identify factors associated with the high length of stay in the acute and chronic psychiatric wards of a public psychiatric hospital. METHODS: The present study consisted of 912 inpatients discharged from a public psychiatric hospital in Northern Taiwan in 2005. Demographic characteristics, discharge diagnoses, and medical resource utilization were retrieved from the inpatient claim data of the National Health Insurance Database...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27984264/reducing-restraint-with-clozapine-in-involuntarily-admitted-patients-with-schizophrenia
#15
Petru Ifteni, Andreea S Szalontay, Andreea Teodorescu
BACKGROUND: In the entire world, restraint and seclusion are common interventions in psychiatric inpatient settings because of aggressive behavior. STUDY QUESTION: Our objective was to test for the immediate antiaggressive property of clozapine compared with other antipsychotic treatments in an enriched cohort with high rates of restraint during early hospitalization. METHODS: We present a retrospective chart review in all involuntary admissions with schizophrenia during 2011-2014 in Psychiatry and Neurology Hospital, Brasov, Romania...
November 24, 2016: American Journal of Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979698/social-cognition-and-paranoia-in-forensic-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Helen Bratton, Suzanne O'Rourke, Louise Tansey, Paul Hutton
BACKGROUND: People diagnosed with schizophrenia have difficulties in emotion recognition and theory of mind, and these may contribute to paranoia. The aim of this study was to determine whether this relationship is evident in patients residing in a secure forensic setting. METHOD: Twenty-seven male participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and a history of offending behaviour were assessed using The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT), The Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ) and The Green et al...
December 12, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27959329/brain-derived-neurotrophic-factor-increase-during-treatment-in-severe-mental-illness-inpatients
#17
G L Nuernberg, B Aguiar, G Bristot, M P Fleck, N S Rocha
Meta-analytical evidence suggests that brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is altered in various psychiatric disorders. However, meta-analyses may be hampered by the heterogeneity of BDNF assays, lack of BDNF standard values and heterogeneity among the populations included in the studies. To address these issues, our study aimed to test, in a 'true-to-life' setting, the hypothesis that the serum BDNF level is nonspecifically reduced in acute severe mental illness (SMI) patients and increases during inpatient treatment...
December 13, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941358/simvastatin-adjunct-therapy-for-negative-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#18
Soode Tajik-Esmaeeli, Ehsan Moazen-Zadeh, Niloofar Abbasi, Seyed V Shariat, Farzin Rezaei, Bahman Salehi, Shahin Akhondzadeh
We investigated the effects of simvastatin adjunctive therapy on the negative symptoms of schizophrenia. In this double-blind trial, inpatients with chronic schizophrenia were clinically stabilized on a constant dose of risperidone for at least 4 weeks before the study and were then randomized to receive risperidone (4-6 mg/day) plus either simvastatin (40 mg/day) (n=33) or placebo (n=33) for 8 weeks. The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale was used to measure the negative, positive, and general symptoms of schizophrenia at baseline and every 2 weeks...
December 9, 2016: International Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928244/theory-of-mind-in-adolescents-with-bipolar-disorder-in-euthymic-phase-%C3%A2-using-the-strange-stories-test
#19
Hamid Zarrabipoor, Mehdi Tehrani-Doost, Zahra Shahrivar
Objective: This study evaluated the theory of mind (ToM) in adolescents diagnosed with bipolar disorder ‎‎(BD) during their euthymic period compared to a typically developing (TD) group.‎ Method: The BD group consisted of thirty 11-18 year old inpatients in euthymic phase. The TD ‎group included 30 age, gender, and IQ matched volunteer students. To assess the diagnosis and ‎comorbid disorders, we performed the semi-structured interview of the Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders ‎and Schizophrenia-Present and Lifetime Version (K-SADS-PL) for the BD adolescents...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923116/new-evidence-in-support-of-staging-approaches-in-schizophrenia-differences-in-clinical-profiles-between-first-episode-early-stage-and-late-stage
#20
Bruno Bertolucci Ortiz, Fernanda Dal Medico Eden, Aline Silva Rodrigues de Souza, Carla Agostinho Teciano, Daniela Malatesta de Lima, Cristiano Noto, Cinthia Hiroko Higuchi, Hugo Cogo-Moreira, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan, Ary Gadelha
Few studies have examined the progression of symptom dimensions in schizophrenia patients over the course of the illness. The objective of this study was to investigate whether clinical and psychopathological differences exist between first-episode schizophrenia (FES) and multiple-episode patients in an inpatient setting. Patients (N=203) were evaluated using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) over time. Five different generalized estimating equations were built for the PANSS factors using the following as covariates: sex, patient's age, assessment time point (i...
November 18, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
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