keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Schizophrenia inpatient

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539955/an-inter-ethnic-comparison-study-of-ziprasidone-plasma-levels-dosage-and-clinical-response-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#1
Dongsheng Lv, Meirong Zhao, Lixia Chen, Dongsheng Yu, Xiaobin Yun, Qing Yang, Xiaojun Huang
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate ziprasidone plasma concentration, daily dose and clinical efficacy and safety in Han Chinese and Mongolian patients with first-episode schizophrenia. METHODS: A total of 123 inpatients affected by schizophrenia were recruited from the Mental Health Center of Inner Mongolia in China. Ziprasidone plasma concentration, clinical efficacy and side effects were systematically evaluated at baseline, and at 1, 2, 4, and 6 weeks...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538982/association-of-late-adolescent-personality-with-risk-for-subsequent-serious-mental-illness-among-men-in-a-swedish-nationwide-cohort-study
#2
Joseph F Hayes, David P J Osborn, Glyn Lewis, Christina Dalman, Andreas Lundin
Importance: Understanding of personality as an independent risk factor for serious mental illness (SMI) remains limited. Recently, overlap between the polygenic basis for specific personality traits and specific SMIs has been identified. Objective: To determine the association of the adolescent personality domains of social maturity, mental energy, and emotional stability with later diagnosis of SMI. Design, Setting, and Participants: This longitudinal cohort study enrolled Swedish male military conscripts aged 18 or 19 years from January 1, 1974, through December 31, 1997...
May 24, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490882/connectivity-to-computers-and-the-internet-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders-a-cross-sectional-study
#3
Maritta Välimäki, Lauri Kuosmanen, Heli Hätönen, Marita Koivunen, Anneli Pitkänen, Christina Athanasopoulou, Minna Anttila
PURPOSE: Information and communication technologies have been developed for a variety of health care applications and user groups in the field of health care. This study examined the connectivity to computers and the Internet among patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders (SSDs). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey design was used to study 311 adults with SSDs from the inpatient units of two psychiatric hospitals in Finland. The data collection lasted for 20 months and was done through patients' medical records and a self-reported, structured questionnaire...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484822/-dgppn-recommendations-on-quality-indicators-for-schizophrenia
#4
I Großimlinghaus, I Hauth, P Falkai, B Janssen, A Deister, A Meyer-Lindenberg, C Roth-Sackenheim, F Schneider, T Wobrock, R Zeidler, W Gaebel
BACKGROUND: In Germany, several quality indicators have been proposed for the measurement of quality of mental healthcare. Some of these quality indicators have been tested in feasibility studies. The German Association for Psychiatry and Psychotherapy (DGPPN) established the "Task Force Quality Indicators (QI)" that, based on previous experience in the development and pilot testing of indicators, considered the further development and practical realization of QI for schizophrenia. AIM: The aim was to select a set of QI for schizophrenia that can also be applied to other diagnoses or used in generic measurements...
May 8, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479143/identification-of-low-risk-of-violent-crime-in-severe-mental-illness-with-a-clinical-prediction-tool-oxford-mental-illness-and-violence-tool-oxmiv-a-derivation-and-validation-study
#5
Seena Fazel, Achim Wolf, Henrik Larsson, Paul Lichtenstein, Susan Mallett, Thomas R Fanshawe
BACKGROUND: Current approaches to stratify patients with psychiatric disorders into groups on the basis of violence risk are limited by inconsistency, variable accuracy, and unscalability. To address the need for a scalable and valid tool to assess violence risk in patients with schizophrenia spectrum or bipolar disorder, we describe the derivation of a score based on routinely collected factors and present findings from external validation. METHODS: On the basis of a national cohort of 75 158 Swedish individuals aged 15-65 years with a diagnosis of severe mental illness (schizophrenia spectrum or bipolar disorder) with 574 018 patient episodes between Jan 1, 2001, and Dec 31, 2008, we developed predictive models for violent offending (primary outcome) within 1 year of hospital discharge for inpatients or clinical contact with psychiatric services for outpatients (patient episode) through linkage of population-based registers...
May 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475123/acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-inpatients-with-psychosis-the-reach-study-protocol-for-treatment-development-and-pilot-testing
#6
Brandon A Gaudiano, Carter H Davis, Gary Epstein-Lubow, Jennifer E Johnson, Kim T Mueser, Ivan W Miller
Patients with schizophrenia-spectrum disorders frequently require treatment at inpatient hospitals during periods of acute illness for crisis management and stabilization. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), a "third wave" cognitive-behavioral intervention that employs innovative mindfulness-based strategies, has shown initial efficacy in randomized controlled trials for improving acute and post-discharge outcomes in patients with psychosis when studied in acute-care psychiatric hospitals in the U.S. However, the intervention has not been widely adopted in its current form because of its use of an individual-only format and delivery by doctoral-level research therapists with extensive prior experience using ACT...
May 5, 2017: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470477/association-of-serum-trace-elements-with-schizophrenia-and-effects-of-antipsychotic-treatment
#7
Xuefei Chen, Yinghui Li, Ting Zhang, Yingshui Yao, Chong Shen, Yong Xue
Variation of serum trace elements was previously reported in schizophrenia (SZ) patients; however, whether such variation is resulted from the antipsychotic treatment remains obscure. A case control study consist of 165 SZ inpatients and 614 healthy controls measured serum magnesium (Mg), Copper (Cu), calcium (Ca), phosphorus (Phos), iron (Fe), and zinc (Zn) to investigate the relationship of trace elements and SZ. The SZ patients were further followed up (average 3.8 weeks) to evaluate the effects of antipsychotic treatment on the trace element concentrations using repeated measures ANOVA analysis...
May 3, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470156/-effects-of-a-relapse-prevention-program-on-insight-empowerment-and-treatment-adherence-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#8
Jaewon Joung, Sungjae Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to develop a relapse prevention program (RPP) and examine the effects of the RPP on insight, empowerment, and treatment adherence in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: A non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were 54 inpatients who had a diagnosis of schizophrenia (experimental group: 26, control group: 28). The study was carried out from February 7, 2012 to February 6, 2013. Over a 10-day period prior to discharge each participant in the experimental group received three one-hour sessions of RPP a one-to-one patient-nurse interaction...
April 2017: Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467540/association-between-maternal-smoking-during-pregnancy-and-severe-mental-illness-in-offspring
#9
Patrick D Quinn, Martin E Rickert, Caroline E Weibull, Anna L V Johansson, Paul Lichtenstein, Catarina Almqvist, Henrik Larsson, Anastasia N Iliadou, Brian M D'Onofrio
Importance: Several recent population-based studies have linked exposure to maternal smoking during pregnancy to increased risk of severe mental illness in offspring (eg, bipolar disorder, schizophrenia). It is not yet clear, however, whether this association results from causal teratogenic effects or from confounding influences shared by smoking and severe mental illness. Objective: To examine the association between smoking during pregnancy and severe mental illness in offspring, adjusting for measured covariates and unmeasured confounding using family-based designs...
May 3, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463714/two-stage-integrated-care-versus-antipsychotic-medication-alone-on-outcomes-of-schizophrenia-one-year-randomized-controlled-trial-and-follow-up
#10
Shenglin She, Yongjie Deng, Yuwei Chen, Chao Wu, Wenying Yi, Xiaodan Lu, Xinrui Chen, Juanhua Li, Ruikeng Li, Jie Zhang, Di Xiao, Haibo Wu, Yuping Ning, Yingjun Zheng
Integrated care can reduce rate of relapse and improve personal and social functions in patients with schizophrenia. We established and evaluated a new model of "intensive-consolidation" two-stage integrated care (IC) for inpatients with schizophrenia. Data were collected between 2012 and 2015. Chinese inpatients with schizophrenia (n=170) diagnosed according to DSM-IV were randomly assigned to antipsychotic medication-alone (n=84) or two-stage IC (n=86) and followed up for 12 months. The IC model included intensive treatments (antipsychotics plus the cognitive behavior therapy and rehabilitation treatment) during hospitalization and 3-time consolidation treatments with 3-month intervals at clinics...
April 25, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463343/biological-treatment-of-acute-agitation-or-aggression-with-schizophrenia-or-bipolar-disorder-in-the-inpatient-setting
#11
Christoph U Correll, Xin Yu, Yutao Xiang, John M Kane, Prakash Masand
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia and bipolar disorders are chronic illnesses that commonly present with symptoms of acute agitation and aggression. These symptoms must be managed rapidly to prevent potential harm to the patient and others, including their caregivers, peers, and health care workers. A number of treatment options are available to clinicians to manage acute agitation and aggression, including non-pharmacologic behavioral and environmental de-escalation strategies, as well as biological treatment options such as pharmacologic agents and electroconvulsive therapy...
May 2017: Annals of Clinical Psychiatry: Official Journal of the American Academy of Clinical Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463241/serum-kynurenic-acid-is-reduced-in-affective-psychosis
#12
B E Wurfel, W C Drevets, S A Bliss, J R McMillin, H Suzuki, B N Ford, H M Morris, T K Teague, R Dantzer, J B Savitz
A subgroup of individuals with mood and psychotic disorders shows evidence of inflammation that leads to activation of the kynurenine pathway and the increased production of neuroactive kynurenine metabolites. Depression is hypothesized to be causally associated with an imbalance in the kynurenine pathway, with an increased metabolism down the 3-hydroxykynurenine (3HK) branch of the pathway leading to increased levels of the neurotoxic metabolite, quinolinic acid (QA), which is a putative N-methyl-d-aspartate (NMDA) receptor agonist...
May 2, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461252/cortisol-in-schizophrenia-no-association-with-tobacco-smoking-clinical-symptoms-or-antipsychotic-medication
#13
Gordana Nedic Erjavec, Suzana Uzun, Matea Nikolac Perkovic, Oliver Kozumplik, Dubravka Svob Strac, Ninoslav Mimica, Mika Hirasawa-Fujita, Edward F Domino, Nela Pivac
Cigarette smoking is associated with higher cortisol levels in healthy subjects. In schizophrenia this relationship is not clear. There are divergent results on the association between cortisol with smoking, clinical symptoms and medication in schizophrenia. This study evaluated this association in 196 Caucasian inpatients with schizophrenia (51.30±26.68years old), subdivided into 123 smokers and 73 non-smokers. Basal salivary cortisol levels were measured twice, at 08.00 and 09.00AM, 90-120min after awakening...
April 28, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28457189/effects-of-cognitive-remediation-therapy-versus-other-interventions-on-cognitive-functioning-in-schizophrenia-inpatients
#14
Magdalena Linke, Konrad S Jankowski, Adam Wichniak, Marek Jarema, Til Wykes
Computerised cognitive remediation therapy (CCRT) has been shown to improve cognitive function in individuals with schizophrenia beyond effects of other forms of therapy. However, results vary between studies, and most are aimed at individuals who are living in the community. Very few studies have investigated its efficacy in psychiatric wards in order to assess whether or not this is a suitable site to start the therapy. This study evaluated CCRT efficacy among schizophrenia inpatients who received a broad range of therapeutic interventions in a psychiatric ward...
May 1, 2017: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441976/diversity-or-disarray-a-systematic-review-of-decision-making-capacity-for-treatment-and-research-in-schizophrenia-and-other-non-affective-psychoses
#15
B W J Spencer, G Shields, T Gergel, M Hotopf, G S Owen
BACKGROUND: Valid consent for treatment or research participation requires that an individual has decision-making capacity (DMC), which is the ability to make a specific decision. There is evidence that the psychopathology of schizophrenia can compromise DMC. The objective of this review was to examine the presence or absence of DMC in schizophrenia and the socio-demographic/psychopathological factors associated. METHODS: We searched three databases Embase, Ovid MEDLINE(R), and PsycINFO for studies reporting data on the proportion of DMC for treatment and research (DMC-T and DMC-R), and/or socio-demographic/psychopathological associations with ability to make such decisions, in people with schizophrenia and related illnesses...
April 26, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439787/social-withdrawal-among-individuals-receiving-psychiatric-care-derivation-of-a-scale-using-routine-clinical-assessment-data-to-support-screening-and-outcome-measurement
#16
Sebastian Rios, Christopher M Perlman
Social withdrawal is a symptom experienced by individuals with an array of mental health conditions, particularly those with schizophrenia and mood disorders. Assessments of social withdrawal are often lengthy and may not be routinely integrated within the comprehensive clinical assessment of the individual. This study utilized item response and classical test theory methods to derive a Social Withdrawal Scale (SWS) using items embedded within a routine clinical assessment, the RAI-Mental Health (RAI-MH). Using data from 60,571 inpatients in Ontario, Canada, a common factor analysis identified seven items from the RAI-MH that measure social withdrawal...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425244/genetic-association-analysis-of-erbb4-polymorphisms-with-the-risk-ofschizophrenia-susceptibility-in-a-jordanian-population-of-arab-descent
#17
Laith Al-Eitan, Sahar Al-Habahbeh, Rami Alkhatib
BACKGROUND/AIM: The ERBB4 gene encodes a transmembrane tyrosine kinase and is considered to be one of the risk genes of schizophrenia. Although there is evidence of the roles of genes and the environment in the etiology of schizophrenia, a comprehensive biological and genetic background of the disease is still lacking. The aim of this study is to assess whether genetic variation in the human ERBB4 gene is associated with vulnerability to schizophrenia in the Jordanian Arab population...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421313/association-between-forkhead-box-p2-gene-polymorphism-and-clinical-symptoms-in-chronic-schizophrenia-in-a-chinese-population
#18
Wenwang Rao, Xiangdong Du, Yingyang Zhang, Qiong Yu, Li Hui, Yaqin Yu, Changgui Kou, Guangzhong Yin, Xiaomin Zhu, Lijuan Man, Jair C Soares, Xiang Yang Zhang
The forkhead-box P2 (FOXP2) gene polymorphism has been reported to be involved in the susceptibility to schizophrenia; however, few studies have investigated the association between FOXP2 gene polymorphism and clinical symptoms in schizophrenia. This study investigated whether the FOXP2 gene was associated with the development and symptoms of schizophrenia in relatively genetically homogeneous Chinese population. The FOXP2 rs10447760 polymorphism was genotyped in 1069 schizophrenia inpatients and 410 healthy controls using a case-control design...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419824/effect-of-risperidone-on-serum-homocysteine-levels-in-first-episode-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-schizophrenia
#19
Ning Fan, Yunlong Tan, Fude Yang, Li Tian, Song Chen, Jia Li, Zhiren Wang, Xiangyang Zhang
Some studies have shown that homocysteine (Hcy) levels are increased in patients with schizophrenia, and may be involved in its pathophysiology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the atypical antipsychotic drug risperidone on serum Hcy levels and to explore the relationship between the changes in Hcy levels and the therapeutic outcome, which, to our best knowledge have not been investigated. Fifty-six first-episode and drug-naïve inpatients with schizophrenia were assigned to a 12-week treatment regime with risperidone...
April 15, 2017: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416966/an-overview-of-mental-health-care-system-in-kilifi-kenya-results-from-an-initial-assessment-using-the-world-health-organization-s-assessment-instrument-for-mental-health-systems
#20
Mary A Bitta, Symon M Kariuki, Eddie Chengo, Charles R J C Newton
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the state of mental health systems in Kenya. In 2010, Kenya promulgated a new constitution, which devolved national government and the national health system to 47 counties including Kilifi County. There is need to provide evidence from mental health systems research to identify priority areas in Kilifi's mental health system for informing county health sector decision making. We conducted an initial assessment of state of mental health systems in Kilifi County and documented resources, policy and legislation and spectrum of mental, neurological and substance use disorders...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
keyword
keyword
89029
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"