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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932147/assessment-of-the-oral-health-status-of-asthmatic-children
#1
Abla Arafa, Salwa Aldahlawi, Adel Fathi
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health status and salivary composition in a group of children suffering from bronchial asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of sixty asthmatic children, sixty healthy negative controls, and sixty healthy positive controls of both sexes with age ranging from 4 to 12 years old. The asthmatics were grouped according to disease severity into mild, moderate, or severe asthmatic. All the children were clinically examined to assess their dental caries experience (decayed, indicated for extraction, and filled primary tooth [def] and decayed-missing-filled permanent tooth [DMF]), dental erosion condition (tooth wear index), and gingival health condition (gingival index [GI])...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931094/ethnicity-and-skin-autofluorescence-based-risk-engines-for-cardiovascular-disease-and-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Muhammad Saeed Ahmad, Torben Kimhofer, Sultan Ahmad, Mohammed Nabil AlAma, Hala Hisham Mosli, Salwa Ibrahim Hindawi, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Katarína Šebeková, Zoheir Abdullah Damanhouri, Elaine Holmes
Skin auto fluorescence (SAF) is used as a proxy for the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and has been proposed to stratify patients into cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) risk groups. This study evaluates the effects of seven different ethnicities (Arab, Central-East African, Eastern Mediterranean, European, North African, South Asian and Southeast Asian) and gender on SAF as well as validating SAF assessment as a risk estimation tool for CVD and DM in an Arabian cohort...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919763/sociodemographic-variables-and-social-values-relationship-with-work-attendance-problems-in-brunei-public-and-private-sector-employees
#3
Lawrence Mundia, Salwa Mahalle, Rohani Matzin, Gamal Abdul Nasir Zakaria, Nor Zaiham Midawati Abdullah
OBJECTIVE: The study investigated the degree to which selected sociodemographic variables and social values were related to work-attendance problems in a random sample of 860 Brunei public- and private-sector employees and the nature of this relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This quantitative study used the field-survey approach to administer research instruments directly to participants. This enabled the researchers to help participants who needed assistance in completing the measures properly, so as to increase the number of usable returns...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917711/crocodiles-and-alligators-antiamoebic-and-antitumor-compounds-of-crocodiles
#4
Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Shareni Jeyamogan, Salwa Mansoor Ali, Fatima Abbas, K A Sagathevan, Naveed Ahmed Khan
Crocodiles exist in unsanitary environments, feed on rotten meat, are often exposed to heavy metals such as arsenic, cadmium, cobalt, chromium, mercury, nickel, lead, selenium, tolerate high levels of radiation, and are amid the very few species to survive the catastrophic Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event, nonetheless they can live for up to a 100 years. Moreover, as they live in unhygienic conditions, they regularly come across pathogens. Logically, we postulate that crocodiles have established mechanisms to defend themselves from noxious agents as well as protecting themselves from pathogens...
September 13, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904651/-primary-cerebral-gliosarcoma-about-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Mohamed Amine Azami, Iliass El Alami, Imane Bourhafour, Salwa Belhabib, Mohamed Oukabli, Abderrahmane Albouzidi
Gliosarcoma is a very rare brain tumor accounting for 1.8 -8% of all glial tumors. It has been classified by the World Health Organization as a variant of glioblastoma. It is a tumor with double glial and sarcomatous component. Patient's clinical picture is polymorphic, imaging data are evocative, diagnosis is based on histology. Treatment is always surgical. Prognosis is closely linked to the quality of resection. We here report two clinical cases with the aim of assessing the diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic features of this rare entity...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903763/troponin-as-ischemic-biomarker-is-related-with-all-three-echocardiographic-risk-factors-for-sudden-death-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-esc-guidelines-2014
#6
Rafał Hładij, Renata Rajtar-Salwa, Paweł Petkow Dimitrow
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) risk stratification is the most important preventive action in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). The identification of the ischemia biomarker high sensitive troponin I (hs-TnI) role for this arrhythmic disease may provide additional information for SCD risk stratification. The aim of the study was to compare echocardiographic parameters (prognostic for risk stratification of SCD in HCM) among two subgroups of HCM patients: with elevated hs-TnI versus non-elevated hs-TnI level...
September 13, 2017: Cardiovascular Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875712/political-violence-and-mental-health-of-bedouin-children-in-the-west-bank-palestine-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Salwa Massad, Umaiyeh Khammash, Rosalyn Shute
The Bedouin population is among the most vulnerable in Palestine, subject to forced relocation and lacking basic necessities, including water and electricity. To our knowledge, there are no studies on the mental health of Palestinian Bedouin children. A cross-sectional household survey was conducted examining exposures to traumatic events and mental health among 455 refugee children between the ages of 5-16 years old, and randomly selected from 18 Bedouin communities throughout the West Bank, including East Jerusalem...
September 6, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873215/group-genetic-counseling-an-alternate-service-delivery-model-in-a-high-risk-prenatal-screening-population
#8
Mireille Cloutier, Lauren Gallagher, Claire Goldsmith, Salwa Akiki, Nick Barrowman, Shawna Morrison
OBJECTIVE: To address the growing demand for prenatal genetics services, group genetic counseling was explored as an alternative service delivery model for women with a positive prenatal screening result. METHOD: Women were recruited from a prenatal genetics service and systematically allocated to a traditional individual appointment with a genetic counselor or a group genetic counseling session. Questionnaires were administered to assess patient psychological outcomes, knowledge and satisfaction following individual and group genetic counseling for a positive prenatal screen...
September 5, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28862589/review-of-techniques-for-the-intact-removal-of-a-permanently-cemented-restoration
#9
Salwa Omar Bajunaid
The safest and least traumatic means of removing a cemented restoration is to cut a slot and pry the crown or retainer loose, sacrificing the restoration. However, various techniques and instruments for intact removal of permanently cemented cast restorations have been described in the literature. This literature review explores conservative and semiconservative techniques that are useful for preserving permanently cemented restorations during removal. Richwil resin, ultrasonic energy, and crown tractors can be considered preferred methods for removal of temporarily cemented restorations...
September 2017: General Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856973/the-impact-of-fc-gamma-receptor-iia-and-iiia-gene-polymorphisms-on-the-therapeutic-response-of-rituximab-in-egyptian-adult-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura
#10
Hend N Ellithy, Salwa H Ahmed, Gehan H Shahin, Mervat M Matter, Mohamed Talatt
BACKGROUND: In chronic immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP), rituximab removes the harmful autoantibodies through antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity. The response to rituximab in ITP is variable; the effectiveness of rituximab is influenced by the process of activation of effector fragment C gamma receptors (FcγRs). Genetic factors may affect the response to rituximab. OBJECTIVES: The influence of FcγRIIa (H131R) and FcγRIIIa (V158F) gene polymorphisms on the response to rituximab in ITP...
August 31, 2017: Hematology (Amsterdam, Netherlands)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855130/pten-deletion-increases-hippocampal-granule-cell-excitability-in-male-and-female-mice
#11
Victor R Santos, Raymund Y K Pun, Salwa R Arafa, Candi L LaSarge, Shane Rowley, Shadi Khademi, Tom Bouley, Katherine D Holland, Norberto Garcia-Cairasco, Steve C Danzer
Deletion of the mTOR pathway inhibitor PTEN from postnatally-generated hippocampal dentate granule cells causes epilepsy. Here, we conducted field potential, whole cell recording and single cell morphology studies to begin to elucidate the mechanisms by which granule cell-specific PTEN-loss produces disease. Cells from both male and female mice were recorded to identify sex-specific effects. PTEN knockout granule cells showed altered intrinsic excitability, evident as a tendency to fire in bursts. PTEN knockout granule cells also exhibited increased frequency of spontaneous excitatory synaptic currents (sEPSCs) and decreased frequency of inhibitory currents (sIPSCs), further indicative of a shift towards hyperexcitability...
August 27, 2017: Neurobiology of Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841251/procedural-findings-and-ablation-outcome-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation-referred-after-two-or-more-failed-catheter-ablations
#12
Sanghamitra Mohanty, Chintan Trivedi, Carola Gianni, Domenico Giovanni Della Rocca, Eli Hamilton Morris, J David Burkhardt, Javier E Sanchez, Rodney Horton, G Joseph Gallinghouse, Richard Hongo, Salwa Beheiry, Amin Al-Ahmad, Luigi Di Biase, Andrea Natale
INTRODUCTION: This study reports the procedural findings and ablation outcome in AF patients referred after ≥2 failed PV isolation (PVI). METHODS: Three hundred and five consecutive AF patients referred after ≥2 PVI were included in the analysis. High-dose isoproterenol challenge was used to identify PV reconnection and non-PV triggers; the latter were ablated based on the operator's discretion during the index procedure. At the repeat procedure, non-PV triggers were ablated in all...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28832093/-heart-without-smoke-educational-campaign-the-role-of-patient-education-in-secondary-prevention-of-cardiovascular-disease
#13
Zbigniew Siudak, Agata Krawczyk-Ożóg, Iwona Twarda, Iwona Franczak, Renata Rajtar-Salwa, Stanisław Bartuś, Jacek Godlewski, Dariusz Dudek
BACKGROUND: Nicotine addiction is the strongest factor in the increase of the risk of recurrent ischemic events. AIM: The aim of the study was to analyze the effectiveness of smoking cessation educational program in the population of patients hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction within the "Heart without smoke" campaign. METHODS: In this study, we included 100 consecutive patients, active smokers, hospitalized with acute myocardial infarction (STEMI or NSTEMI) at the Center for Invasive Cardiology, Angiology and Electrotherapy in Pińczów, Poland in the period from January to December 2015 (12 months)...
August 23, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808815/physiological-responses-and-antioxidant-enzyme-changes-in-sulla-coronaria-inoculated-by-cadmium-resistant-bacteria
#14
Manel Chiboub, Salwa Harzalli Jebara, Omar Saadani, Imen Challougui Fatnassi, Souhir Abdelkerim, Moez Jebara
Plant growth promoting bacteria (PGPB) may help to reduce the toxicity of heavy metals on plants growing in polluted soils. In this work, Sulla coronaria inoculated with four Cd resistant bacteria (two Pseudomonas spp. and two Rhizobium sullae) were cultivated in hydroponic conditions treated by Cd; long time treatment 50 µM CdCl2 for 30 days and short time treatment; 100 µM CdCl2 for 7 days. Results showed that inoculation with Cd resistant PGPB enhanced plant biomass, thus shoot and root dry weights of control plants were enhanced by 148 and 35% respectively after 7 days...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798793/the-diagnostic-role-of-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-used-first-and-last-time-in-life-in-a-patient-with-a-suspected-dilated-phase-of-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#15
Rafał Hładij, Renata Rajtar-Salwa, Artur Dziewierz, Paweł Petkow-Dimitrow
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798791/positron-emission-tomography-for-myocardial-viability-assessment-before-myocardial-revascularization-in-a-patient-with-extremely-impaired-left-ventricular-systolic-function-advanced-diagnosis-and-therapy-in-heart-failure
#16
Agata Krawczyk-Ożóg, Renata Rajtar-Salwa, Adam Gębka, Beata Bobrowska, Stanisław Bartuś, Dariusz Dudek
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Postępy W Kardiologii Interwencyjnej, Advances in Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797306/seroprevalence-of-influenza-a-and-b-viruses-among-unvaccinated-children-in-the-united-arab-emirates-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Ahmed R Alsuwaidi, Lolowa A Al-Mekaini, Salwa M Kamal, Hassib Narchi, Abdul-Kader Souid
BACKGROUND: Young children are at increased risk of severe influenza disease and, thus, are good candidates for receiving annual vaccination. Nevertheless, the influenza vaccine is infrequently given to children in our region. The primary objectives of this study are to monitor the serologic immunities against influenza A and B viruses, and provide pediatric data that support the need for influenza vaccination in the community. METHODS: Influenza A and B virus-specific IgG antibodies were measured in 294 children (median age 4...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794131/heterogeneous-clinical-spectrum-of-dnajc12-deficient-hyperphenylalaninemia-from-attention-deficit-to-severe-dystonia-and-intellectual-disability
#18
Francjan J van Spronsen, Nastassja Himmelreich, Véronique Rüfenacht, Nan Shen, Danique van Vliet, Mohammed Al-Owain, Khushnooda Ramzan, Salwa M Alkhalifi, Roelineke J Lunsing, Rebecca M Heiner-Fokkema, Anahita Rassi, Corinne Gemperle-Britschgi, Georg F Hoffmann, Nenad Blau, Beat Thöny
BACKGROUND: Autosomal recessive mutations in DNAJC12, encoding a cochaperone of HSP70 with hitherto unknown function, were recently described to lead to hyperphenylalaninemia, central monoamine neurotransmitter (dopamine and serotonin) deficiency, dystonia and intellectual disability in six subjects affected by homozygous variants. OBJECTIVE: Patients exhibiting hyperphenylalaninemia in whom deficiencies in hepatic phenylalanine hydroxylase and tetrahydrobiopterin cofactor metabolism had been excluded were subsequently analysed for DNAJC12 variants...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771047/design-and-synthesis-of-some-new-2-3-bipyridine-5-carbonitriles-as-potential-anti-inflammatory-antimicrobial-agents
#19
Perihan A Elzahhar, Salwa Elkazaz, Raafat Soliman, Alaa A El-Tombary, Hossam A Shaltout, Ibrahim M El-Ashmawy, Abeer E Abdel Wahab, Soad A El-Hawash
AIM: Inflammation may cause accumulation of fluid in the injured area, which may promote bacterial growth. Other reports disclosed that non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may enhance progression of bacterial infection. RESULTS: This work describes synthesis of new series of 2,3'-bipyridine-5-carbonitriles as structural analogs of etoricoxib, linked at position-6 to variously substituted thio or oxo moieties. Biological screening results revealed that compounds 2b, 4b, 7e and 8 showed significant acute and chronic AI activities and broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity...
August 3, 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769597/prediction-of-employer-employee-relationships-from-sociodemographic-variables-and-social-values-in-brunei-public-and-private-sector-workers
#20
Lawrence Mundia, Salwa Mahalle, Rohani Matzin, Gamal Abdul Nasir Zakaria, Nor Zaiham Midawati Abdullah, Siti Norhedayah Abdul Latif
The purpose of the study was to identify the sociodemographic variables and social value correlates and predictors of employer-employee relationship problems in a random sample of 860 Brunei public and private sector workers of both genders. A quantitative field survey design was used and data were analyzed by correlation and logistic regression. The rationale and justification for using this approach is explained. The main sociodemographic correlates and predictors of employer-employee relationship problems in this study were educational level and the district in which the employee resided and worked...
2017: Psychology Research and Behavior Management
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