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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137630/diet-net-best-practice-guidelines-for-dietary-assessment-in-health-research
#1
Janet E Cade, Marisol Warthon-Medina, Salwa Albar, Nisreen A Alwan, Andrew Ness, Mark Roe, Petra A Wark, Katharine Greathead, Victoria J Burley, Paul Finglas, Laura Johnson, Polly Page, Katharine Roberts, Toni Steer, Jozef Hooson, Darren C Greenwood, Sian Robinson
BACKGROUND: Dietary assessment is complex, and strategies to select the most appropriate dietary assessment tool (DAT) in epidemiological research are needed. The DIETary Assessment Tool NETwork (DIET@NET) aimed to establish expert consensus on Best Practice Guidelines (BPGs) for dietary assessment using self-report. METHODS: The BPGs were developed using the Delphi technique. Two Delphi rounds were conducted. A total of 131 experts were invited, and of these 65 accepted, with 48 completing Delphi round I and 51 completing Delphi round II...
November 15, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119092/effect-of-malocclusion-on-the-self-esteem-of-adolescents
#2
Salwa Mahmoud Taibah, Fadia Mohammed Al-Hummayani
INTRODUCTION: Esthetics plays an essential role in orthodontic treatment. The psychological effects of malocclusion are an inspiration to improve one's esthetics and seek treatment. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to assess relationships between self-esteem and malocclusion severity and type in adolescents using a self-esteem measurement scale and the index of treatment need (IOTN) and to investigate the influence of age, sex, and school type in these relationships...
October 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119059/the-bacteriological-profile-of-the-burned-patients-in-the-center-of-burns-in-chu-mohamed-vi-marrakech-about-123-cases
#3
Yassine Benchamkha, Ouafaa Dhaidah, Adil Dahazze, Quaboul Meriem, Moulay Driss Elamrani, Salwa Ettalbi
The bacterial nosocomial infection is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality for burned patient; we conducted a retrospective study of 123 patients hospitalized in the burns center CHUMED VI of Marrakechover a period of 3 years, from January 1(st), 2013 to December 31(st), 2016. The criteria for nosocomial infection were those of the Center for Disease Control in Atlanta in 1988. Incidence rates were calculated. The bacterial ecology of the department was described as also antibiotype. The predominancy of the population was male...
2017: International Journal of Burns and Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112960/expression-of-p53-protein-in-high-grade-gastroenteropancreatic-neuroendocrine-carcinoma
#4
Abir Salwa Ali, Malin Grönberg, Birgitte Federspiel, Jean-Yves Scoazec, Geir Olav Hjortland, Henning Grønbæk, Morten Ladekarl, Seppo W Langer, Staffan Welin, Lene Weber Vestermark, Johanna Arola, Pia Österlund, Ulrich Knigge, Halfdan Sorbye, Lars Grimelius, Eva Tiensuu Janson
BACKGROUND: Gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine carcinomas (GEP-NECs) are aggressive, rapidly proliferating tumors. Therapeutic response to current chemotherapy regimens is usually short lasting. The aim of this study was to examine the expression and potential clinical importance of immunoreactive p53 protein in GEP-NEC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Tumor tissues from 124 GEP-NEC patients with locally advanced or metastatic disease treated with platinum-based chemotherapy were collected from Nordic centers and clinical data were obtained from the Nordic NEC register...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108501/occult-massive-visceral-fat-necrosis-following-therapeutic-hypothermia-for-neonatal-encephalopathy
#5
Salwa Khedr, Anna Piskorski, Adrienne R Bingham, Justin Goldstein, Abbot R Laptook, Monique E De Paepe
Therapeutic hypothermia (head or whole-body cooling) improves survival and neurodevelopmental outcome in term newborns with moderate-to-severe encephalopathy. Hypothermia treatment is well tolerated; the most common side effect is thrombocytopenia. In about 1% of infants, focal subcutaneous fat necrosis has been reported. We describe a case of clinically unsuspected massive visceral fat necrosis in a term infant with Apgar score 0 at 1 min ("resuscitated apparently stillborn" infant) who was treated with therapeutic hypothermia for 72 h and expired on the 25th day of life following a neonatal course complicated by severe encephalopathy, pulmonary artery hypertension, persistent thrombocytopenia, hypoglycemia, and severe basal ganglia-thalamic abnormalities on magnetic resonance imaging...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105946/impact-of-in-hospital-blood-pressure-variability-on-cardiovascular-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome
#6
Ayman Khairy Mohamed Hassan, Hatem Abd-El Rahman, Kerolos Mohsen, Salwa R Dimitry
To evaluate the impact of blood pressure variability (BPV) on cardiovascular outcomes in patients with acute coronary syndrome, short-term BPV was estimated by using weighted standard deviation of 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring readings. The primary outcome was in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACE). Overall, 200 patients (mean age, 58.6 years; 27.5% women; 38% with diabetes mellitus; and 47% smokers) were divided into low and high BPV groups based on the median value (9.45). Patients in the high BPV group were more likely to have in-hospital MACE compared with patients with low BPV (47% vs 27%, P = ...
November 5, 2017: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077862/impact-of-requiring-re-authorization-of-restricted-antibiotics-on-day-3-of-therapy
#7
Khalid Eljaaly, Salwa Elarabi, Samah Alshehri, David E Nix
Background: Pre-authorization of restricted antibiotics is a core component of an antibiotic stewardship programme (ASP). On day 3, information about culture results and clinical status is typically available. Our objective was to compare an ASP that requires initial authorization alone with one requiring initial authorization and re-authorization on day 3 of therapy. Methods: A single-centre, retrospective, before and after study was conducted. Randomly selected adults were eligible if receiving a restricted antibiotic for ≥3 days during April to June in 2012 (pre-intervention) and during the same months in 2013 (post-intervention)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066917/clinical-outcome-and-toxicity-evaluation-of-simultaneous-integrated-boost-pelvic-imrt-vmat-at-different-dose-levels-combined-with-androgen-deprivation-therapy-in-prostate-cancer-patients
#8
Mohamed A Daoud, Engy M Aboelnaga, Mohamed S Alashry, Salwa Fathy, Mostafa A Aletreby
BACKGROUND: The role of dose escalation in patients receiving long-term androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) is still a controversial issue. The aim of the current study was to evaluate whether dose escalation for ≥76-80 Gy had any advantage in terms of biochemical disease-free survival (BDFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), or overall survival outcomes over the dose levels from 70 to <76 Gy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The study included a cohort of 24 patients classified with high- and intermediate-risk localized prostate cancer...
2017: OncoTargets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022486/association-of-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphisms-with-breast-cancer-risk-in-an-egyptian-population
#9
Haidan M El-Shorbagy, Nada H Mahmoud, Salwa Sabet
This study aimed to explore whether genetic polymorphisms in vitamin D receptor are correlated to the breast cancer prevalence in an Egyptian population. Polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment polymorphism was used to genotype three frequently analyzed vitamin D receptor gene single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1544410, rs7975232, and rs731236) and were identified by sequencing analysis. This is the first study that recorded a new single-nucleotide polymorphism in ApaI genotype within an Egyptian population and was registered with the accession number KY859868...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994864/tunisian-adult-s-hodgkin-lymphoma-study-group
#10
Raihane Ben Lakhal, Sondos Hdiji, Yosra Ben Youssef, Mohamed Adnène Laariri, Sami Zriba, Nabil Toumi, Amina Mokrani, Faten Ezzaier, Salwa Ladb, Hatem Frikha, Taha Mesai, Hanen Ben Salah, Sameh Tebra, Jamel Daoued, Noureddine Bouaouina, Monji Maalej, Mounir Frikha, Slim Ben Ahmed, Amel Mezlini, Tarek Ben Othmen, Fehmi Msaddek, Abderrahim Khelif, Moez Elloumi, Balkis Meddeb
The Tunisian adult's Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) Study Group was created in 1999. It aimed to improve the management of this curable hematologic malignancy by standardizing the diagnosis, assessment of disease, treatment management and therapeutic evaluation in different Tunisian centers (Hematology, oncology and radiotherapy).Since 1998, four versions of the prospective national protocol for treating adult Hodgkin lymphoma have succeeded (MDH99, MDH2002, MDH2008, MDH2015). Each version was based on the results of the previous version and analyzed according to new data from the literature...
November 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956167/the-genetic-diversity-of-metronidazole-susceptibility-in-trichomonas-vaginalis-clinical-isolates-in-an-egyptian-population
#11
Aida A Abdel-Magied, El-Said I El-Kholya, Salwa M Abou El-Khair, Eman S Abdelmegeed, Marwa M Hamoudaa, Sara A Mohamed, Nora Labeeb El-Tantawy
Trichomoniasis is the most common curable sexually transmitted disease worldwide. Resistance to metronidazole in treating trichomoniasis is a problematic health issue. We aimed to determine the minimum lethal concentration (MLC) of metronidazole for Trichomonas vaginalis isolates detected in Mansoura, Egypt and studied the genotypic profile of these isolates. Vaginal swab specimens were obtained from 320 symptomatic and 100 asymptomatic females, for whom clinical examination, vaginal discharge wet mount, Giemsa stain, and culture in modified Diamond's media were performed...
November 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953784/predictors-of-postpartum-depression-in-dubai-a-rapidly-growing-multicultural-society-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#12
Salwa M Alhammadi, Lien Abou Hashem, Zainah R Abusbeih, Fatima S Alzaabi, Salama N Alnuaimi, Ala F Jalabi, Satish C Nair, Frederick R Carrick, Mahera Abdulrahman
BACKGROUND: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a significant public health problem adversely affecting mothers, their newborns, and other members of the family. Although PPD is common and potentially dangerous, only a minority of the cases are identified in primary health care settings during routine care, and the majority of depressed mothers in the community lies unrecognized and therefore untreated. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In this study, a total of 1500 mothers were approached randomly, 808 accepted to participate, and 504 were within the inclusion criteria (women who had a birth of a singleton full-term healthy infant, had an uncomplicated pregnancy, and were within their one week to six months postpartum)...
September 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949033/translating-medical-school-social-missions-to-student-experiences
#13
Rachel H Ellaway, Kaatje Van Roy, Robyn Preston, Jennene Greenhill, Amy Clithero, Salwa Elsanousi, Janet Richards, Charlie Labarda, Lisa Graves, Marykutty Mammen, Abbas A Assayed, Sara Willems
CONTEXT: There is a growing focus on the social missions of medical schools as a way of expressing an institutional commitment to service, responsibility and accountability. However, there has been little exploration of how a social mission translates to student experiences. METHODS: This multicentre study explored how the social missions of eight medical schools (from Australia, Belgium, Canada, the Philippines, South Africa, Sudan and the USA) translated to their medical education programmes, and how their students perceived the mission...
September 26, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943000/histological-and-immunohistochemical-study-of-cardiac-telocytes-in-a-rat-model-of-isoproterenol-induced-myocardial-infarction-with-a-reference-to-the-effect-of-grape-seed-extract
#14
Mai Salah Nour, Nahla Reda Sarhan, Shireen A Mazroa, Salwa A Gawish
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac telocytes (TCs) represent a unique type of cells that make a supportive network for stem cells that contribute in cardiac renewal, but their role during myocardial infarction (MI) is not clear. Grape seed extract (GSE) is a powerful natural antioxidant. AIM OF THE WORK: Quantitative study of cardiac TCs in a rat model of Isoproterenol (ISO)-induced MI, and to evaluate the effect of GSE on TCs and MI progression. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy adult male albino rats were assigned into 4 groups; group I; control rats, group II received GSE (100mg/kg/day) dissolved in distilled water orally, group III received 2 intra-peritoneal injections of 85mg/kg ISO dissolved in saline on 14th and 15th day to induce MI, and group IV received GSE and ISO...
September 21, 2017: Acta Histochemica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936151/adherence-to-oral-hypoglycemic-medication-among-patients-with-diabetes-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Nahid Osman Ahmed, Salwa Abugalambo, Ghadeer Hamad Almethen
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes mellitus is a chronic progressive disease characterized by numerous health complications. Medication adherence is an important determinant of therapeutic outcome. The objective of this study was to assess hypoglycemic medication adherence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a descriptive cross-sectional web-based study. The eight-item Morisky medication adherence scale was used to assess adherence. RESULTS: A convenience sample of 290 patients with diabetes was studied; of them, 10...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932147/assessment-of-the-oral-health-status-of-asthmatic-children
#16
Abla Arafa, Salwa Aldahlawi, Adel Fathi
OBJECTIVES: To assess the oral health status and salivary composition in a group of children suffering from bronchial asthma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The sample consisted of sixty asthmatic children, sixty healthy negative controls, and sixty healthy positive controls of both sexes with age ranging from 4 to 12 years old. The asthmatics were grouped according to disease severity into mild, moderate, or severe asthmatic. All the children were clinically examined to assess their dental caries experience (decayed, indicated for extraction, and filled primary tooth [def] and decayed-missing-filled permanent tooth [DMF]), dental erosion condition (tooth wear index), and gingival health condition (gingival index [GI])...
July 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931094/ethnicity-and-skin-autofluorescence-based-risk-engines-for-cardiovascular-disease-and-diabetes-mellitus
#17
Muhammad Saeed Ahmad, Torben Kimhofer, Sultan Ahmad, Mohammed Nabil AlAma, Hala Hisham Mosli, Salwa Ibrahim Hindawi, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Katarína Šebeková, Zoheir Abdullah Damanhouri, Elaine Holmes
Skin auto fluorescence (SAF) is used as a proxy for the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) and has been proposed to stratify patients into cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes mellitus (DM) risk groups. This study evaluates the effects of seven different ethnicities (Arab, Central-East African, Eastern Mediterranean, European, North African, South Asian and Southeast Asian) and gender on SAF as well as validating SAF assessment as a risk estimation tool for CVD and DM in an Arabian cohort...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919763/sociodemographic-variables-and-social-values-relationship-with-work-attendance-problems-in-brunei-public-and-private-sector-employees
#18
Lawrence Mundia, Salwa Mahalle, Rohani Matzin, Gamal Abdul Nasir Zakaria, Nor Zaiham Midawati Abdullah
OBJECTIVE: The study investigated the degree to which selected sociodemographic variables and social values were related to work-attendance problems in a random sample of 860 Brunei public- and private-sector employees and the nature of this relationship. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This quantitative study used the field-survey approach to administer research instruments directly to participants. This enabled the researchers to help participants who needed assistance in completing the measures properly, so as to increase the number of usable returns...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917711/crocodiles-and-alligators-antiamoebic-and-antitumor-compounds-of-crocodiles
#19
Ruqaiyyah Siddiqui, Shareni Jeyamogan, Salwa Mansoor Ali, Fatima Abbas, K A Sagathevan, Naveed Ahmed Khan
Crocodiles exist in unsanitary environments, feed on rotten meat, are often exposed to heavy metals such as arsenic, cadmium, cobalt, chromium, mercury, nickel, lead, selenium, tolerate high levels of radiation, and are amid the very few species to survive the catastrophic Cretaceous-Tertiary extinction event, nonetheless they can live for up to a 100 years. Moreover, as they live in unhygienic conditions, they regularly come across pathogens. Logically, we postulate that crocodiles have established mechanisms to defend themselves from noxious agents as well as protecting themselves from pathogens...
September 13, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904651/-primary-cerebral-gliosarcoma-about-two-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#20
REVIEW
Mohamed Amine Azami, Iliass El Alami, Imane Bourhafour, Salwa Belhabib, Mohamed Oukabli, Abderrahmane Albouzidi
Gliosarcoma is a very rare brain tumor accounting for 1.8 -8% of all glial tumors. It has been classified by the World Health Organization as a variant of glioblastoma. It is a tumor with double glial and sarcomatous component. Patient's clinical picture is polymorphic, imaging data are evocative, diagnosis is based on histology. Treatment is always surgical. Prognosis is closely linked to the quality of resection. We here report two clinical cases with the aim of assessing the diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic features of this rare entity...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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