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journal of autoimmunity

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811651/inkt-cells-prevent-obesity-induced-hepatic-steatosis-in-mice-in-a-c-c-chemokine-receptor-7-dependent-manner
#1
H M Kim, R Lee, E S Lee, M H Kwon, J H Huh, B-E Kwon, E-K Park, S-Y Chang, M-N Kweon, P-H Kim, H-J Ko, C H Chung
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis are characterized by an increase in hepatic triglyceride content with infiltration of immune cells, which can cause steatohepatitis and hepatic insulin resistance. C-C chemokine receptor 7 (CCR7) is primarily expressed in immune cells, and CCR7 deficiency leads to the development of multi-organ autoimmunity, chronic renal disease, and autoimmune diabetes. Here, we investigated the effect of CCR7 on hepatic steatosis in a mouse model and its underlying mechanism...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749487/autoimmune-conditions-and-comorbid-depression-in-pregnancy-examining-the-risk-of-preterm-birth-and-preeclampsia
#2
G Bandoli, C D Chambers
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine whether prenatal depression interacts with autoimmune conditions to further increase the risk of preterm birth or preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN: Our sample included 3034 pregnant women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), Crohn's disease (CD) or psoriasis, or controls that were prospectively enrolled into MothertoBaby pregnancy studies. We estimated the independent and joint effects of the three autoimmune conditions and depression on the select outcomes...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731910/new-answers-to-old-conundrums-what-antibodies-exosomes-and-inflammasomes-bring-to-the-conversation-canadian-national-transplant-research-program-international-summit-report
#3
Mélanie Dieudé, Lori J West, Daniel A Muruve, Lakshman Gunaratman, Thalachallour Mohanakumar, Emmanuel Zorn, Christopher W Cairo, Darren H Freed, Kirk R Schultz, Robert L Fairchild, Marie-Josée Hébert
Antibody-mediated injury is a major cause of allograft dysfunction and loss. Antibodies to ABH(O) blood group antigens are classical mediators of ABO-incompatible (ABOi) graft rejection, while donor-specific anti-HLA antibodies and, more recently, autoantibodies are appreciated as important contributors to allograft inflammation and dysfunction. In August 2016, the International Summit of the Canadian National Transplant Research Program focused on recent advances in the field of antibody-mediated rejection...
July 21, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715975/viruses-with-circular-single-stranded-dna-genomes-are-everywhere
#4
L M Shulman, I Davidson
Circular single-stranded DNA viruses infect archaea, bacteria, and eukaryotic organisms. The relatively recent emergence of single-stranded DNA viruses, such as chicken anemia virus (CAV) and porcine circovirus 2 (PCV2), as serious pathogens of eukaryotes is due more to growing awareness than to the appearance of new pathogens or alteration of existing pathogens. In the case of the ubiquitous human circular single-stranded DNA virus family Anelloviridae, there is still no convincing direct causal relation to any specific disease...
July 17, 2017: Annual Review of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703133/association-of-autoimmune-hepatitis-with-src-homology-2-adaptor-protein-3-gene-polymorphisms-in-japanese-patients
#5
Takeji Umemura, Satoru Joshita, Hideaki Hamano, Kaname Yoshizawa, Shigeyuki Kawa, Eiji Tanaka, Masao Ota
Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic inflammatory liver disease characterized by an autoimmune reaction to hepatocytes. The Src homology 2 adaptor protein 3 (SH2B3) gene is a member of the SH2B family of adaptor proteins that has been implicated in the integration and regulation of multiple signaling events. SH2B3 is involved in cytokine signaling pathways and serves as a negative mediator of T-cell receptor signaling. Genome-wide association analyses in Caucasians have linked a missense mutation at rs3184504 in SH2B3 with AIH...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639577/characteristics-of-good-s-syndrome-in-china-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Jin-Pei Dong, Wen Gao, Gui-Gen Teng, Yu Tian, Hua-Hong Wang
BACKGROUND: Good's syndrome (GS) is a rare disease characterized by thymoma, hypogammaglobulinemia, low or absent B-cells, decreased T-cells, an inverted CD4+/CD8+ T-cell ratio and reduced T-cell mitogen proliferative responses. GS is difficult to diagnose preoperatively due to its rarity and lack of typical symptoms, the characteristics of Chinese GS patients are still lacking. This study aimed to systematically review all the clinical, laboratory, and immunologic findings of reported cases of Chinese patients with GS...
July 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637725/filling-the-gaps-in-sards-research-collection-and-linkage-of-administrative-health-data-and-self-reported-survey-data-for-a-general-population-based-cohort-of-individuals-with-and-without-diagnoses-of-systemic-autoimmune-rheumatic-disease-sards-from-british
#7
Natalie McCormick, Kathryn Reimer, Ali Famouri, Carlo A Marra, J Antonio Aviña-Zubieta
PURPOSE: Systemic autoimmune rheumatic diseases (SARDs) are a group of debilitating autoimmune diseases, including systemic lupus erythematosus and related disorders. Assessing the healthcare and economic burden of SARDs has been challenging: while administrative databases can be used to determine healthcare utilisation and costs with minimal selection and recall bias, other health, sociodemographic and economic data have typically been sourced from highly selected, clinic-based cohorts...
June 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597066/effects-of-fat-grafting-containing-stem-cells-in-microstomia-and-microcheilia-derived-from-systemic-sclerosis
#8
Oskar Blezien, Francesco D'Andrea, Giovanni Francesco Nicoletti, Giuseppe Andrea Ferraro
BACKGROUND: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is an autoimmune disease with multisystem involvement, dominated by a general fibrosis. The early stage of the disease is associated with progressive damage to microcirculation, particularly in the respiratory tract, the gastrointestinal tract and skin. The face assumes a typical appearance characterized by microstomia (reduction of mouth opening) and microcheilia (thinning of the lips). These conditions cause a considerable reduction in performance status of patients...
June 8, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555437/autoimmunity-in-2016
#9
REVIEW
Carlo Selmi
The number of peer-reviewed articles published during the 2016 solar year and retrieved using the "autoimmunity" key word remained stable while gaining a minimal edge among the immunology articles. Nonetheless, the quality of the publications has been rising significantly and, importantly, acquisitions have become available through scientific journals dedicated to immunology or autoimmunity. Major discoveries have been made in the fields of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, autoimmunity of the central nervous system, vasculitis, and seronegative spondyloarthrithritides...
August 2017: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521904/make-immunological-peace-not-war-potential-applications-of-tolerogenic-dendritic-cells
#10
EDITORIAL
Emma Louise Walton
In this issue of the Biomedical Journal, we explore the powerful immunosuppressive properties of tolerogenic dendritic cells and discuss their potential to bring about lifelong tolerance in transplantation and autoimmune disease. We also highlight an exciting new development in the field of malaria diagnosis that could facilitate early detection of the disease.
April 2017: Biomedical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406394/a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-compare-the-safety-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-doxycycline-200%C3%A2-mg-day-with-that-of-oral-prednisolone-0-5%C3%A2-mg-kg-day-for-initial-treatment-of-bullous-pemphigoid-the-bullous-pemphigoid-steroids-and-tetracyclines-blister
#11
Joanne R Chalmers, Fenella Wojnarowska, Gudula Kirtschig, James Mason, Margaret Childs, Diane Whitham, Karen Harman, Anna Chapman, Shernaz Walton, Enno Schmidt, Thomas R Godec, Andrew J Nunn, Hywel C Williams
BACKGROUND: Bullous pemphigoid (BP) is an autoimmune blistering skin disorder with increased morbidity and mortality in the elderly. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness of a strategy of initiating BP treatment with oral doxycycline or oral prednisolone. We hypothesised that starting treatment with doxycycline gives acceptable short-term blister control while conferring long-term safety advantages over starting treatment with oral prednisolone...
March 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28378851/effect-of-eicosapentaenoic-acid-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-supplementation-on-c-peptide-preservation-in-pregnant-women-with-type-1-diabetes-randomized-placebo-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
M Horvaticek, J Djelmis, M Ivanisevic, S Oreskovic, M Herman
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Type-1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is caused by autoimmune insulitis. There are evidences that pregnancy and n-3 fatty acids exhibit suppressive effect on human inflammatory system. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Ninety pregnant women with T1DM were included in the prospective randomized placebo controlled clinical trial. Forty-seven of them were put on standard diabetic diet enriched with EPA and DHA twice a day (EPA 120 mg and DHA 616 mg; Study group) and 43 pregnant diabetic women were on standard diabetic diet with placebo (Control group)...
August 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374643/the-unknown-burden-and-cost-of-celiac-disease-in-the-u-s
#13
REVIEW
Douglas Mogul, Yusuke Nakamura, Jaein Seo, Barri Blauvelt, John F P Bridges
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disease that results from exposure to gluten in genetically susceptible individuals and leads to a range of gastrointestinal and extraintestinal symptoms. Areas covered: In order to evaluate the literature with respect to burden associated with celiac disease in the U.S. and identify any knowledge gaps, we performed a literature review of journal articles published between 2000-2016. We note that celiac disease is a prevalent condition associated with a significant burden of disease through its impact on morbidity, quality of life, as well as through increased costs associated with its diagnosis and management...
April 2017: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics & Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332868/is-autoimmunology-a-discipline-of-its-own-a-big-data-based-bibliometric-and-scientometric-analyses
#14
Abdulla Watad, Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Mohammad Adawi, Howard Amital, Shaye Kivity, Naim Mahroum, Miri Blank, Yehuda Shoenfeld
Autoimmunology is a super-specialty of immunology specifically dealing with autoimmune disorders. To assess the extant literature concerning autoimmune disorders, bibliometric and scientometric analyses (namely, research topics/keywords co-occurrence, journal co-citation, citations, and scientific output trends - both crude and normalized, authors network, leading authors, countries, and organizations analysis) were carried out using open-source software, namely, VOSviewer and SciCurve. A corpus of 169,519 articles containing the keyword "autoimmunity" was utilized, selecting PubMed/MEDLINE as bibliographic thesaurus...
March 23, 2017: Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322578/interview-with-amr-h-sawalha-epigenetics-and-autoimmunity
#15
Amr H Sawalha
Amr H Sawalha is Professor of Internal Medicine and Marvin and Betty Danto Research Professor of Connective Tissue Research at the University of Michigan, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology. He also holds faculty appointments at the Center for Computational Medicine and Bioinformatics and the Graduate Program in Immunology at the University of Michigan. He was recently appointed as Guest Professor at Central South University in Changsha, China. He received his medical degree from Jordan University of Science and Technology and completed his residency training in internal medicine at the University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, and his fellowship in rheumatology at the University of Michigan...
March 21, 2017: Epigenomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248822/mucous-membrane-pemphigoid-causing-central-airway-obstruction
#16
Bilal A Jalil, Yara G Abdou, Stephanie A Rosen, Tarek Dammad
Mucous membrane pemphigoid (MMP) is a rare variant of the skin disease pemphigoid, which predominantly involves the mucous membranes. This rare autoimmune disease that infrequently affects the respiratory tract is characterized by subepithelial blister formation that may result in scarring. Immunopathologic examination of mucous membranes reveals the deposition of immunoglobulins and complement within the subepithelial basement membrane. We describe a patient with undiagnosed MMP, with a near-fatal presentation of central airway obstruction causing acute respiratory distress...
February 28, 2017: Journal of Bronchology & Interventional Pulmonology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226225/thymic-epithelial-cells
#17
Jakub Abramson, Graham Anderson
Intrathymic T cell development is a complex process that depends upon continuous guidance from thymus stromal cell microenvironments. The thymic epithelium within the thymic stroma comprises highly specialized cells with a high degree of anatomic, phenotypic, and functional heterogeneity. These properties are collectively required to bias thymocyte development toward production of self-tolerant and functionally competent T cells. The importance of thymic epithelial cells (TECs) is evidenced by clear links between their dysfunction and multiple diseases where autoimmunity and immunodeficiency are major components...
April 26, 2017: Annual Review of Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226216/overcoming-immune-dysregulation-with-immunoengineered-nanobiomaterials
#18
Evan A Scott, Nicholas B Karabin, Punn Augsornworawat
The immune system is governed by an immensely complex network of cells and both intracellular and extracellular molecular factors. It must respond to an ever-growing number of biochemical and biophysical inputs by eliciting appropriate and specific responses in order to maintain homeostasis. But as with any complex system, a plethora of false positives and false negatives can occur to generate dysregulated responses. Dysregulated immune responses are essential components of diverse inflammation-driven pathologies, including cancer, heart disease, and autoimmune disorders...
February 9, 2017: Annual Review of Biomedical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223833/autoimmune-atrophic-gastritis-current-perspectives
#19
REVIEW
Artem Minalyan, Jihane N Benhammou, Aida Artashesyan, Michael S Lewis, Joseph R Pisegna
At present there is no universally accepted classification for gastritis. The first successful classification (The Sydney System) that is still commonly used by medical professionals was first introduced by Misiewicz et al in Sydney in 1990. In fact, it was the first detailed classification after the discovery of Helicobacter pylori by Warren and Marshall in 1982. In 1994, the Updated Sydney System was proposed during the International Workshop on the Histopathology of Gastritis followed by the publication in The American Journal of Surgical Pathology by Dixon et al...
2017: Clinical and Experimental Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145906/safety-of-tofacitinib-in-the-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-latin-america-compared-with-the-rest-of-the-world-population
#20
Oswaldo M Castañeda, Felix J Romero, Ariel Salinas, Gustavo Citera, Eduardo Mysler, Oscar Rillo, Sebastiao C Radominski, Mario H Cardiel, Juan J Jaller, Carlos Alvarez-Moreno, Dario Ponce de Leon, Graciela Castelli, Erika G García, Kenneth Kwok, Ricardo Rojo
OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic, autoimmune disease characterized by joint destruction. Tofacitinib is an oral Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of RA. This post hoc analysis assessed the safety of tofacitinib in Latin American (LA) patients with RA versus the Rest of World (RoW) population. METHODS: Data were pooled from 14 clinical studies of tofacitinib: six Phase 2, six Phase 3 and two long-term extension studies. Incidence rates (IRs; patients with events/100 patient-years of treatment exposure) were calculated for safety events of special interest combined across tofacitinib doses...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
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