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Beclin 1 mitophagy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729358/doxorubicin-induced-mitophagy-and-mitochondrial-damage-is-associated-with-dysregulation-of-the-pink1-parkin-pathway
#1
Jian Yin, Jiabin Guo, Qiang Zhang, Lan Cui, Li Zhang, Tingfen Zhang, Jun Zhao, Jin Li, Alistair Middleton, Paul L Carmichael, Shuangqing Peng
The usefulness of doxorubicin (DOX), a potent anticancer agent, is limited by its cardiotoxicity. Mitochondria play a central role in DOX-induced cardiotoxicity though the precise mechanisms are still obscure. Increasing evidence indicates that excessive activation of mitophagy and mitochondrial dysfunction are key causal events leading to DOX-induced cardiac injury. The PINK1/parkin pathway has emerged as a critical pathway in regulation of mitophagy as well as mitochondrial function. The present study was aimed to investigate the role of PINK1/parkin pathway in DOX-induced mitochondrial damage and cardiotoxicity...
May 3, 2018: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660306/ablation-of-toll-like-receptor-4-attenuates-aging-induced-myocardial-remodeling-and-contractile-dysfunction-through-ncori-hdac1-mediated-regulation-of-autophagy
#2
Shuyi Wang, Wei Ge, Carrie Harns, Xianzhong Meng, Yingmei Zhang, Jun Ren
Aging is usually accompanied with overt structural and functional changes as well as suppressed autophagy in the heart although the precise regulatory mechanisms are somewhat unknown. Here we evaluated the role of the innate proinflammatory mediator toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in cardiac aging and the underlying mechanism with a focus on autophagy. Cardiac geometry and function were monitored in young or old wild-type (WT) and TLR4 knockout (TLR4-/- ) mice using echocardiography, IonOptix® edge-detection and fura-2 techniques...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547569/melatonin-balance-the-autophagy-and-apoptosis-by-regulating-ucp2-in-the-lps-induced-cardiomyopathy
#3
Pan Pan, Hongmin Zhang, Longxiang Su, Xiaoting Wang, Dawei Liu
To explore the mechanism of mitochondrial uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) mediating the protective of melatonin when septic cardiomyopathy. UCP2 knocked out mice and cardiomyocytes were used to study the effect of melatonin in response to LPS. Indicators of myocardial and mitochondria injury including mitochondrial membrane potential, mitochondrial permeability transition pore, calcium loading, ROS, and ATP detection were assessed. In addition cell viability and apoptosis as well as autophagy-associated proteins were evaluated...
March 16, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486776/tlr4-mediated-autophagic-impairment-contributes-to-neuropathic-pain-in-chronic-constriction-injury-mice
#4
Yibo Piao, Do Hyeong Gwon, Dong-Wook Kang, Tae Woong Hwang, Nara Shin, Hyeok Hee Kwon, Hyo Jung Shin, Yuhua Yin, Jwa-Jin Kim, Jinpyo Hong, Hyun-Woo Kim, Yonghyun Kim, Sang Ryong Kim, Sang-Ha Oh, Dong Woon Kim
Neuropathic pain is a complex, chronic pain state characterized by hyperalgesia, allodynia, and spontaneous pain. Accumulating evidence has indicated that the microglial Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) and autophagy are implicated in neurodegenerative diseases, but their relationship and role in neuropathic pain remain unclear. In this study, we examined TLR4 and its association with autophagic activity using a chronic constriction injury (CCI)-induced neuropathic pain model in wild-type (WT) and TLR4-knockout (KO) mice...
February 27, 2018: Molecular Brain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389248/the-role-of-gp130-in-basal-and-exercise-trained-skeletal-muscle-mitochondrial-quality-control
#5
Dennis K Fix, Justin P Hardee, Song Gao, Brandon N VanderVeen, Kandy T Velazquez, James A Carson
The IL-6 cytokine family activates intracellular signaling pathways through glycoprotein 130 (gp130), and this signaling has established regulatory roles in muscle glucose metabolism and proteostasis. Although the IL-6 family has been implicated as myokines regulating the muscle's metabolic response to exercise, gp130's role in mitochondrial quality control involving fission, fusion, mitophagy and biogenesis is not well understood. Therefore, we examined gp130's role in basal and exercise-trained muscle mitochondrial quality control...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29386287/respiratory-syncytial-virus-replication-is-promoted-by-autophagy-mediated-inhibition-of-apoptosis
#6
Miao Li, Jian Li, Ruihong Zeng, Jianling Yang, Jianguo Liu, Zhengzheng Zhang, Xiaotian Song, Zhiyan Yao, Cuiqing Ma, Wenjian Li, Kai Wang, Lin Wei
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is the main cause of acute lower respiratory tract infection (ALRI) in children worldwide. Virus-host interactions affect the progression and prognosis of the infection. Autophagy plays important roles in virus-host interactions. Respiratory epithelial cells serve as the front line of host defense during RSV infection, However, it is still unclear how they interact with RSV. In this study, we found that RSV induced autophagy that favored RSV replication and exacerbated lung pathology in vivo Mechanistically, RSV induced complete autophagy flux through reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and activation of the AMP-activated protein kinase/mammalian target of rapamycin (AMPK-MTOR) signaling pathway in HEp-2 cells...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097221/resveratrol-attenuates-oxidative-damage-through-activating-mitophagy-in-an-in-vitro-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#7
Hui Wang, Tianyue Jiang, Wei Li, Na Gao, Tao Zhang
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease, which is characterized by the extracellular deposition of β-amyloid (Aβ). Previous studies reported that resveratrol, a natural herbal compound isolated from grapes, could alleviate the development and progression of AD. However, the underlying mechanism is still unclear. In the study, amyloid beta-peptide1-42 (Aβ1-42 ) -treated the differentiated rat pheochromocytoma cell line (PC12) was chosen as an AD cellular model. Our data showed that resveratrol attenuated Aβ1-42 -induced cell death and significantly enhanced mitophagy including an increase in acidic vesicular organelle number, LC3-II/LC3-I ratio, Parkin and Beclin-1 expression, and LC3 and TOMM20 co-localization in Aβ1-42 -treated PC12 cells...
January 5, 2018: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034233/role-of-cardiolipin-in-mitochondrial-signaling-pathways
#8
REVIEW
Jan Dudek
The phospholipid cardiolipin (CL) is an essential constituent of mitochondrial membranes and plays a role in many mitochondrial processes, including respiration and energy conversion. Pathological changes in CL amount or species composition can have deleterious consequences for mitochondrial function and trigger the production of reactive oxygen species. Signaling networks monitor mitochondrial function and trigger an adequate cellular response. Here, we summarize the role of CL in cellular signaling pathways and focus on tissues with high-energy demand, like the heart...
2017: Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895489/effects-of-mild-running-on-substantia-nigra-during-early-neurodegeneration
#9
Michael F Almeida, Carolliny M Silva, Rodrigo S Chaves, Nathan C R Lima, Renato S Almeida, Karla P Melo, Marilene Demasi, Tiago Fernandes, Edilamar M Oliveira, Luis E S Netto, Sandra M Cardoso, Merari F R Ferrari
Moderate physical exercise acts at molecular and behavioural levels, such as interfering in neuroplasticity, cell death, neurogenesis, cognition and motor functions. Therefore, the aim of this study is to analyse the cellular effects of moderate treadmill running upon substantia nigra during early neurodegeneration. Aged male Lewis rats (9-month-old) were exposed to rotenone 1mg/kg/day (8 weeks) and 6 weeks of moderate treadmill running, beginning 4 weeks after rotenone exposure. Substantia nigra was extracted and submitted to proteasome and antioxidant enzymes activities, hydrogen peroxide levels and Western blot to evaluate tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), alpha-synuclein, Tom-20, PINK1, TrkB, SLP1, CRMP-2, Rab-27b, LC3II and Beclin-1 level...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28843778/elimination-of-dysfunctional-mitochondria-through-mitophagy-suppresses-benzo-a-pyrene-induced-apoptosis
#10
Durgesh Nandini Das, Prajna Paramita Naik, Subhadip Mukhopadhyay, Prashanta Kumar Panda, Niharika Sinha, Biswa Ranjan Meher, Sujit K Bhutia
Mitophagy, a special type of autophagy, plays an important role in the mitochondria quality control and cellular homeostasis. In this study, we examined the molecular mechanism of mitophagy induction with benzo[a]pyrene (B[a]P), a ubiquitous polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon, which acts as a prosurvival response against apoptotic cell death. Our study showed that B[a]P displayed higher cytotoxicity in autophagy-deficient HaCaT cells as compared to control. Further, we showed that B[a]P triggered the Beclin-1-dependent autophagy through the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) pathway...
August 24, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685977/the-post-therapeutic-effect-of-rapamycin-in-mild-traumatic-brain-injured-rats-ensuing-in-the-upregulation-of-autophagy-and-mitophagy
#11
Changxing Wang, Zhiying Hu, Yang Zou, Mingjun Xiang, Yuting Jiang, Benson O A Botchway, Xue Huo, Xiaoxue Du, Marong Fang
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), common in juveniles, has been reported to be caused by sports-related concussion. Many young children may suffer from post-concussion syndrome. mTBI, in early stages of life, could play a part in neuron apoptosis and degeneration, cognitive and motor coordination impairment, as well as dementia. Our study was aimed at further investigating the post-therapeutic efficacy of rapamycin in the recuperation of mTBI while at the same time investigating the metamorphosis in both autophagy and mitophagy in mTBI...
September 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681509/akt2-ablation-prolongs-life-span-and-improves-myocardial-contractile-function-with-adaptive-cardiac-remodeling-role-of-sirt1-mediated-autophagy-regulation
#12
Jun Ren, Lifang Yang, Li Zhu, Xihui Xu, Asli F Ceylan, Wei Guo, Jian Yang, Yingmei Zhang
Aging is accompanied with unfavorable geometric and functional changes in the heart involving dysregulation of Akt and autophagy. This study examined the impact of Akt2 ablation on life span and cardiac aging as well as the mechanisms involved with a focus on autophagy and mitochondrial integrity. Cardiac geometry, contractile, and intracellular Ca(2+) properties were evaluated using echocardiography, IonOptix(®) edge-detection and fura-2 techniques. Levels of Sirt1, mitochondrial integrity, autophagy, and mitophagy markers were evaluated using Western blot...
October 2017: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28661534/foxo3-promoted-mitophagy-via-nuclear-retention-induced-by-manganese-chloride-in-sh-sy5y-cells
#13
Dongmei Song, Junxiang Ma, Li Chen, Caixia Guo, Yuanyuan Zhang, Tian Chen, Shixuan Zhang, Zhonghui Zhu, Lin Tian, Piye Niu
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the role of FOXO3 during the process of mitophagy induced by manganese chloride (MnCl2), mitochondrial dysfunction and mitophagy were detected before and after FOXO3 was knocked down in SH-SY5Y cells. METHOD: Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), flow cytometry, confocal microscopy and a western blot were used to detect mitochondrial ultrastructure and autophagy, Ca(2+) levels, mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) and the mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), autophagosomes and mitophagy marker proteins (p62, LC3-II/LC3-I, Beclin-1, PINK1 and P-parkin), respectively...
September 20, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653874/invalidation-of-mitophagy-by-fbp1-mediated-repression-promotes-apoptosis-in-breast-cancer
#14
Yifeng Liu, Yulin Jiang, Nian Wang, Qianni Jin, Feihu Ji, Changli Zhong, Zhiqiang Zhang, Junhong Yang, Xiangsen Ye, Tingmei Chen
Fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 1, a rate-limiting enzyme in gluconeogenesis, was recently shown to be a tumor suppressor. However, the functions of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 1 in the regulation of mitophagy and apoptosis remain unknown. Here, we investigated the effects of fructose-1,6-bisphosphatase 1 on mitophagy and apoptosis as well as their underlying mechanisms in breast cancer cells. In this work, the messenger RNA and protein expression of various molecules were determined by quantitative realtime polymerase chain reaction and western blot, respectively...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623098/acquired-inhibition-of-microrna-124-protects-against-spinal-cord-ischemia-reperfusion-injury-partially-through-a-mitophagy-dependent-pathway
#15
Kun Liu, Lihui Yan, Xiaojing Jiang, Yang Yu, Hongbo Liu, Tianxiang Gu, Enyi Shi
OBJECTIVE: Mitophagy results in selective clearance of damaged mitochondria. We investigated whether mitophagy was involved in the neuroprotection by inhibiting microRNA (miRNA)-124 on ischemic spinal cords. METHODS: Inhibition of miRNA-124 was conducted by intrathecal injection of lentivirus vectors containing antagomiR-124. Spinal cord ischemia was induced in rats by crossclamping the descending aorta just distal to the left subclavian artery for 14 minutes. Hind-limb motor function was assessed with the motor deficit index (MDI)...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450048/liraglutide-alleviates-h-2-o-2-induced-retinal-ganglion-cells-injury-by-inhibiting-autophagy-through-mitochondrial-pathways
#16
Xuefei Ma, Wenjian Lin, Zhenyu Lin, Ming Hao, Xinyuan Gao, Yue Zhang, Hongyu Kuang
Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), which exist in the inner retina, are the retinal neurons which can be damaged in the early stage of diabetic retinopathy (DR). Liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analog, exerts biological functions by binding the receptor (GLP-1R), the expression of which in RGC-5 cells was first shown by our team in 2012. It was reported that liraglutide prevented retinal neurodegeneration in diabetic subjects. However, the involvement of mechanisms such as autophagy and mitochondrial balance in liraglutide-induced retinal protection is unknown...
June 2017: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436637/-research-progress-on-mechanism-of-nix-mediated-mitophagy
#17
REVIEW
Yanrong Zheng, Xiangnan Zhang, Zhong Chen
Autophagy is fundamental to maintain cellular homeostasis. As one kind of the most well-studied selective autophagy, autophagy of mitochondria (mitophagy)is crucial for the clearance of damaged mitochondria. Mitophagy dysfunction has been proved to be closely associated with many human diseases. Nix is a key protein for mitophagy during the maturation of reticulocytes. However, the detailed molecular mechanisms underlying Nix-mediated mitophagy are not fully understood. This article summarizes three possible working models of Nix in mitophagy induction...
January 25, 2017: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292026/catalpol-protects-glucose-deprived-rat-embryonic-cardiac-cells-by-inducing-mitophagy-and-modulating-estrogen-receptor
#18
Chao Lin, Ying Lu, Xiaojing Yan, Xiang Wu, Meiyu Kuai, Xin Sun, Qi Chen, Xueyun Kong, Zhaoguo Liu, Yuping Tang, Yi Jing, Yu Li, Qichun Zhang, Huimin Bian
Catalpol, a bioactive component from Rehmannia glutinosa (Di Huang), has been widely used to protect cardiomyocytes against myocardial ischemia. The aim of the present study was to investigate the anti-apoptotic and anti-oxidative effects of Catalpol on glucose-starved H9c2 cells for cardio-protection and to elucidate the underlying mechanisms. Here, we showed that Catalpol protected the glucose-starved H9c2 cells through reducing apoptosis and attenuating oxidative damage. Moreover, the increases of autophagic lysosomes, LC3, autophagic flux and autophagic vacuole were observed in Catalpol-treated cells using flow cytometer and fluorescence microscope...
May 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809300/inhibition-of-autophagy-increased-age-ros-mediated-apoptosis-in-mesangial-cells
#19
Li Xu, Qiuling Fan, Xu Wang, Xue Zhao, Lining Wang
The aim of our study was to investigate the role of autophagy, a homeostatic process involved in the lysosomal degradation of damaged cell organelles and proteins, in regulating the survival of mesangial cells treated with advanced glycation end products (AGEs). In the present study, AGEs induced mitochondrial depolarization and led to mitochondrial-dependent apoptosis in mesangial cells, as shown by the loss of the mitochondrial membrane potential; increased Bax processing; increased Caspase-9, Caspase-3 and PARP cleavage; and decreased Bcl-2 expression...
November 3, 2016: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636016/mesenchymal-stromal-cells-deficient-in-autophagy-proteins-are-susceptible-to-oxidative-injury-and-mitochondrial-dysfunction
#20
Sailaja Ghanta, Konstantin Tsoyi, Xiaoli Liu, Kiichi Nakahira, Bonna Ith, Anna A Coronata, Laura E Fredenburgh, Joshua A Englert, Claude A Piantadosi, Augustine M K Choi, Mark A Perrella
Oxidative stress resulting from inflammatory responses that occur during acute lung injury and sepsis can initiate changes in mitochondrial function. Autophagy regulates cellular processes in the setting of acute lung injury, sepsis, and oxidative stress by modulating the immune response and facilitating turnover of damaged cellular components. We have shown that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) improve survival in murine models of sepsis by also regulating the immune response. However, the effect of autophagy on MSCs and MSC mitochondrial function during oxidative stress is unknown...
March 2017: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
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