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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019789/mexican-cohort-study-predates-but-predicts-the-type-of-body-composition-changes-expected-from-the-mexican-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax
#1
Barry M Popkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949460/the-untapped-power-of-soda-taxes-incentivizing-consumers-generating-revenue-and-altering-corporate-behavior
#2
EDITORIAL
Sarah A Roache, Lawrence O Gostin
Globally, soda taxes are gaining momentum as powerful interventions to discourage sugar consumption and thereby reduce the growing burden of obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Evidence from early adopters including Mexico and Berkeley, California, confirms that soda taxes can disincentivize consumption through price increases and raise revenue to support government programs. The United Kingdom's new graduated levy on sweetened beverages is yielding yet another powerful impact: soda manufacturers are reformulating their beverages to significantly reduce the sugar content...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937550/why-tax-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#3
Kawther Hashem, Jenny Rosborough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899334/the-obesity-epidemic-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-taxing-time
#4
Becky Freeman, Kieron Rooney, Eloise Howse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890354/employment-changes-associated-with-the-introduction-of-taxes-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-nonessential-energy-dense-food-in-mexico
#5
Carlos M Guerrero-López, Mariana Molina, M Arantxa Colchero
We assessed changes in employment in the manufacturing industry, the commercial sector and national unemployment rates, associated with the fiscal policies implemented in 2014 in Mexico: a 1 peso per liter excise tax to sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and an 8% tax on nonessential energy-dense food. We used data from three nationally representative surveys. Controlling for contextual variables, we used interrupted time series analyses to model changes in number of employees in the SSB and nonessential energy-dense food industry, in commercial establishments selling beverages and food and changes in national unemployment rates...
September 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864129/the-potential-for-federal-preemption-of-state-and-local-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes
#6
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Dariush Mozaffarian, Renata Micha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 23, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804786/health-impact-assessment-of-the-uk-soft-drinks-industry-levy-a-comparative-risk-assessment-modelling-study
#7
Adam D M Briggs, Oliver T Mytton, Ariane Kehlbacher, Richard Tiffin, Ahmed Elhussein, Mike Rayner, Susan A Jebb, Tony Blakely, Peter Scarborough
BACKGROUND: In March, 2016, the UK Government proposed a tiered levy on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; high tax for drinks with >8 g of sugar per 100 mL, moderate tax for 5-8 g, and no tax for <5 g). We estimate the effect of possible industry responses to the levy on obesity, diabetes, and dental caries. METHODS: We modelled three possible industry responses: reformulation to reduce sugar concentration, an increase of product price, and a change of the market share of high-sugar, mid-sugar, and low-sugar drinks...
January 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774355/funding-quality-pre-kindergarten-slots-with-philadelphia-s-new-sugary-drink-tax-simulating-effects-of-using-an-excise-tax-to-address-a-social-determinant-of-health
#8
Brent A Langellier, Félice Lê-Scherban, Jonathan Purtle
OBJECTIVE: Philadelphia passed a 1·5-cent-per-ounce sweetened beverage tax (SBT). Revenue will fund 10 000 quality pre-kindergarten slots for poor children. It is imperative to understand how revenue from SBT can be used to fund programmes to address education and other social determinants of health. The objective of the present study was to simulate quality pre-kindergarten attendance, educational achievement and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption among Philadelphia children and adolescents under six intervention scenarios: (i) no intervention; (ii) 10 000 additional quality pre-kindergarten slots; (iii) a 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (iv) expanded pre-kindergarten and 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (v) a 3-cent-per-ounce SBT; and (vi) expanded pre-kindergarten and 3-cent-per-ounce SBT...
September 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741904/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-and-food-policies-in-latin-america-from-research-to-practice
#9
R Pérez-Escamilla, C K Lutter, C Rabadan-Diehl, A Rubinstein, A Calvillo, C Corvalán, C Batis, E Jacoby, S Vorkoper, L Kline, E Ewart-Pierce, J A Rivera
BACKGROUND: Addressing childhood obesity in Latin America requires a package of multisectoral, evidence-based policies that enable environments conducive to healthy lifestyles. OBJECTIVE: Identify and examine key elements to translating research into effective obesity policies in Latin America. METHODS: We examined obesity prevention policies through case studies developed with an expert in the specific policy. Policies were selected based on their level of implementation, visibility and potential impact to reduce childhood obesity...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716655/trends-in-beverage-prices-following-the-introduction-of-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-barbados
#10
Miriam Alvarado, Deliana Kostova, Marc Suhrcke, Ian Hambleton, Trevor Hassell, T Alafia Samuels, Jean Adams, Nigel Unwin
A 10% excise tax on sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) was implemented in Barbados in September 2015. A national evaluation has been established to assess the impact of the tax. We present a descriptive analysis of initial price changes following implementation of the SSB tax using price data provided by a major supermarket chain in Barbados over the period 2014-2016. We summarize trends in price change before and after the tax using year-on-year mean price per liter change between SSBs and non-SSBs. We find that prior to the tax, year-on-year price growth of SSBs and non-SSBs was very similar (approximately 1%)...
July 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711301/the-taxation-of-unhealthy-energy-dense-foods-edfs-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-ssbs-an-overview-of-patterns-observed-in-the-policy-content-and-policy-context-of-13-case-studies
#11
REVIEW
Luc Louis Hagenaars, Patrick Paulus Theodoor Jeurissen, Niek Sieds Klazinga
Taxation of energy-dense foods (EDFs) and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is increasingly of interest as a novel public health and fiscal policy instrument. However academic interest in policy determinants has remained limited. We address this paucity by comparing the policy content and policy context of EDF/SSB taxes witnessed in 13 case studies, of which we assume the tax is sufficiently high to induce behavioural change. The observational and non-randomized studies published on our case studies seem to indicate that the EDF/SSB taxes under investigation generally had the desired effects on prices and consumption of targeted products...
July 8, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684837/the-sugar-tax-an-opportunity-to-advance-oral-health
#12
V Wordley, H Lee, M Lomazzi, R Bedi
The new sugar tax was recently announced by Government, aiming to combat obesity through investment in school sports. Dental professionals should seize this rare opportunity to raise awareness of the other adverse effects of sugar; young children continue to suffer alarmingly high rates of dental cavities in the UK. A significant amount of money raised through the levy must be reinvested into ensuring fluoride toothpaste is more affordable. Since daily use of fluoride toothpaste is the most effective evidence-based oral health preventative measure that is widely used, this should receive tax exemption status from the government as a means of universal oral health prevention...
July 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654690/effectiveness-and-equity-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxation
#13
COMMENT
Sanjay Basu, Kristine Madsen
Sanjay Basu and Kristine Madsen discuss the effects of taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages in both Australia and Berkeley, USA.
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654688/modelled-health-benefits-of-a-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-across-different-socioeconomic-groups-in-australia-a-cost-effectiveness-and-equity-analysis
#14
Anita Lal, Ana Maria Mantilla-Herrera, Lennert Veerman, Kathryn Backholer, Gary Sacks, Marjory Moodie, Mohammad Siahpush, Rob Carter, Anna Peeters
BACKGROUND: A sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax in Mexico has been effective in reducing consumption of SSBs, with larger decreases for low-income households. The health and financial effects across socioeconomic groups are important considerations for policy-makers. From a societal perspective, we assessed the potential cost-effectiveness, health gains, and financial impacts by socioeconomic position (SEP) of a 20% SSB tax for Australia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Australia-specific price elasticities were used to predict decreases in SSB consumption for each Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) quintile...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649143/sugar-price-supports-and-taxation-a-public-health-policy-paradox
#15
Abby Dilk, Dennis A Savaiano
Domestic US sugar production has been protected by government policy for the past 82 years, resulting in elevated domestic prices and an estimated annual (2013) $1.4 billion dollar "tax" on consumers. These elevated prices and the simultaneous federal support for domestic corn production have ensured a strong market for high-fructose corn syrup. Americans have dramatically increased their consumption of caloric sweeteners during the same period. Consumption of "empty" calories (ie, foods with low-nutrient/high-caloric density)-sugar and high-fructose corn syrup being the primary sources-is considered by most public health experts to be a key contributing factor to the rise in obesity...
May 2017: Nutrition Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629470/policy-lessons-from-health-taxes-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies
#16
Alexandra Wright, Katherine E Smith, Mark Hellowell
BACKGROUND: Taxes on alcohol and tobacco have long been an important means of raising revenues for public spending in many countries but there is increasing interest in using taxes on these, and other unhealthy products, to achieve public health goals. We present a systematic review of the research on health taxes, and aim to generate insights into how such taxes can: (i) reduce consumption of targeted products and related harms; (ii) generate revenues for health objectives and distribute the tax burden across income groups in an efficient and equitable manner; and (iii) be made politically sustainable...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615377/after-mexico-implemented-a-tax-purchases-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-decreased-and-water-increased-difference-by-place-of-residence-household-composition-and-income-level
#17
M Arantxa Colchero, Mariana Molina, Carlos M Guerrero-López
Background: In January 2014, Mexico implemented a tax on sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) purchases of 1 peso/L.Objective: We examined the heterogeneity of changes in nonalcoholic beverage (SSB and bottled water) purchases after the tax was implemented by household income, urban and rural strata, and household composition.Methods: We used 4 rounds of the National Income and Expenditure Surveys: 2008, 2010, 2012, and 2014. Changes in purchases in per capita liters per week were estimated with the use of 2-part models to adjust for nonpurchases...
August 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612831/abdominal-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-in-asian-indians-dietary-strategies-including-edible-oils-cooking-practices-and-sugar-intake
#18
REVIEW
S Gulati, A Misra
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are increasing in rural and urban regions of South Asia including India. Pattern of fat deposition in abdomen, ectopic fat deposition (liver, pancreas) and also low lean mass are contributory to early-onset insulin resistance, dysmetabolic state and diabetes in Asian Indians. These metabolic perturbations are further exacerbated by changing lifestyle, diet urbanization, and mechanization. Important dietary imbalances include increasing use of oils containing high amount of trans fatty acids and saturated fats (partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, palmolein oil) use of deep frying method and reheating of oils for cooking, high intake of saturated fats, sugar and refined carbohydrates, low intake of protein, fiber and increasing intake of processed foods...
July 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587533/public-attitudes-and-support-for-a-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-in-america-s-heartland
#19
Laurel E Curry, Todd Rogers, Pam Williams, Ghada Homsi, Jeff Willett, Carol L Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Policy and environmental strategies are part of a comprehensive approach to obesity prevention. We investigated the association between public attitudes about how the environment influences health and support for a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax in Kansas. METHOD: We collected data via a 2014 representative dual-frame (cellular and landline) telephone survey of 2,203 adult Kansans regarding healthy eating policy support and beliefs about obesity causes and solutions...
June 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586351/reducing-us-cardiovascular-disease-burden-and-disparities-through-national-and-targeted-dietary-policies-a-modelling-study
#20
Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Piotr Bandosz, Colin D Rehm, Jose Penalvo, Laurie Whitsel, Tom Gaziano, Zach Conrad, Parke Wilde, Renata Micha, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Simon Capewell, Dariush Mozaffarian, Martin O'Flaherty
BACKGROUND: Large socio-economic disparities exist in US dietary habits and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. While economic incentives have demonstrated success in improving dietary choices, the quantitative impact of different dietary policies on CVD disparities is not well established. We aimed to quantify and compare the potential effects on total CVD mortality and disparities of specific dietary policies to increase fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and reduce sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption in the US...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
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