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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916004/sugars-and-health-a-review-of-current-evidence-and-future-policy
#1
Charlotte Elizabeth Louise Evans
The automation of the process of extracting sugars in the 1900s reduced cost and increased availability of sugars leading to a dramatic rise in consumption, which reached a peak in the 1970s. There are different definitions for sugars not naturally available in foods, and free sugars is the term used by WHO. The epidemiological evidence of the associations between sugars and obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus is fairly strong and consistent, particularly for sugar sweetened drinks in adults. The Department of Health in the UK and many other countries have recently updated their recommendations for free sugars as a result of this scientific evidence...
December 5, 2016: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910794/have-we-reached-a-tipping-point-for-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes
#2
Kathryn Backholer, Miranda Blake, Stefanie Vandevijvere
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811868/-milkshake-should-not-be-exempt-from-sugar-tax
#3
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 4, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802278/projected-impact-of-mexico-s-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-policy-on-diabetes-and-cardiovascular-disease-a-modeling-study
#4
Luz Maria Sánchez-Romero, Joanne Penko, Pamela G Coxson, Alicia Fernández, Antoinette Mason, Andrew E Moran, Leticia Ávila-Burgos, Michelle Odden, Simón Barquera, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo
BACKGROUND: Rates of diabetes in Mexico are among the highest worldwide. In 2014, Mexico instituted a nationwide tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) in order to reduce the high level of SSB consumption, a preventable cause of diabetes and cardiovascular disease (CVD). We used an established computer simulation model of CVD and country-specific data on demographics, epidemiology, SSB consumption, and short-term changes in consumption following the SSB tax in order to project potential long-range health and economic impacts of SSB taxation in Mexico...
November 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735891/tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-spain
#5
Vicente Ortún, Beatriz G López-Valcárcel, Jaime Pinilla
This article provides a critical review about the challenges that taxes on sugary drinks as an instrument of health policy must face to reverse the trend of the current epidemics of obesity. We analyzed the experiences of the leading countries, particularly Mexico, and reflect on the counterweight exerted by the industry against obesity policies, and on the power of lobbyists. Those tax policies for public health have to overcome the enormous strength of the industry, which is exerted in several-science and research, brand reputation, influence on regulators-levels...
October 13, 2016: Revista Española de Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721572/of-neoliberalism-and-global-health-human-capital-market-failure-and-sin-social-taxes
#6
David Reubi
This article tells a different but equally important story about neoliberalism and global health than the narrative on structural adjustment policies usually found in the literature. Rather than focus on macroeconomic structural adjustment policies, this story draws our attention to microeconomic taxation policies on tobacco, alcohol and sugar now widely recognised as the best strategy to control the global non-communicable disease epidemic. Structural adjustment policies are the product of the shift from statist to market-based development models, which was brought about by neoliberal thinkers like Peter Blau and Deepak Lal...
October 19, 2016: Critical Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671690/effects-of-taxing-sugar-sweetened-beverages-on-caries-and-treatment-costs
#7
F Schwendicke, W M Thomson, J M Broadbent, M Stolpe
Caries increment is affected by sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. Taxing SSBs could reduce sugar consumption and caries increment. The authors aimed to estimate the impact of a 20% SSB sales tax on caries increment and associated treatment costs (as well as the resulting tax revenue) in the context of Germany. A model-based approach was taken, estimating the effects for the German population aged 14 to 79 y over a 10-y period. Taxation was assumed to affect beverage-associated sugar consumption via empirical demand elasticities...
September 26, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27671689/taxes-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-strategy-to-reduce-epidemics-of-diabetes-obesity-and-dental-caries
#8
J Y Lee, W V Giannobile
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669014/taxes-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-to-reduce-overweight-and-obesity-in-middle-income-countries-a-systematic-review
#9
Sharon S Nakhimovsky, Andrea B Feigl, Carlos Avila, Gael O'Sullivan, Elizabeth Macgregor-Skinner, Mark Spranca
BACKGROUND: The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), which can lead to weight gain, is rising in middle-income countries (MICs). Taxing SSBs may help address this challenge. Systematic reviews focused on high-income countries indicate that taxing SSBs may reduce SSB consumption. Responsiveness to price changes may differ in MICs, where governments are considering the tax. To help inform their policy decisions, this review compiles evidence from MICs, assessing post-tax price increases (objective 1), changes in demand for SSBs and other products, overall and by socio-economic groups (objective 2), and effects on overweight and obesity prevalence (objective 3)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668875/beverages-sales-in-mexico-before-and-after-implementation-of-a-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax
#10
M A Colchero, Carlos Manuel Guerrero-López, Mariana Molina, Juan Angel Rivera
OBJECTIVE: To estimate changes in sales of sugar sweetened beverages (SSB) and plain water after a 1 peso per liter excise SSB tax was implemented in Mexico in January 2014. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We used sales data from the Monthly Surveys of the Manufacturing Industry from January 2007 to December 2015. We estimated Ordinary Least Squares models to assess changes in per capita sales of SSB and plain water adjusting for seasonality and the global indicator of economic activity...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580589/effects-of-plain-packaging-warning-labels-and-taxes-on-young-people-s-predicted-sugar-sweetened-beverage-preferences-an-experimental-study
#11
Tessa Bollard, Ninya Maubach, Natalie Walker, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
BACKGROUND: Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with increased risk of obesity, diabetes, heart disease and dental caries. Our aim was to assess the effects of plain packaging, warning labels, and a 20 % tax on predicted SSB preferences, beliefs and purchase probabilities amongst young people. METHODS: A 2 × 3 × 2 between-group experimental study was conducted over a one-week period in August 2014. Intervention scenarios were delivered, and outcome data collected, via an anonymous online survey...
2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552267/impact-of-the-berkeley-excise-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption
#12
Jennifer Falbe, Hannah R Thompson, Christina M Becker, Nadia Rojas, Charles E McCulloch, Kristine A Madsen
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of the excise tax on sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption in Berkeley, California, which became the first US jurisdiction to implement such a tax ($0.01/oz) in March 2015. METHODS: We used a repeated cross-sectional design to examine changes in pre- to posttax beverage consumption in low-income neighborhoods in Berkeley versus in the comparison cities of Oakland and San Francisco, California. A beverage frequency questionnaire was interviewer administered to 990 participants before the tax and 1689 after the tax (approximately 8 months after the vote and 4 months after implementation) to examine relative changes in consumption...
October 2016: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27465661/young-adults-responses-to-alternative-messages-describing-a-sugar-sweetened-beverage-price-increase
#13
Sarah E Gollust, Xuyang Tang, James M White, Simone A French, Carlisle Ford Runge, Alexander J Rothman
OBJECTIVE: Many jurisdictions in the USA and globally are considering raising the prices of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) through taxes as a strategy to reduce their consumption. The objective of the present study was to identify whether the rationale provided for an SSB price increase affects young adults' behavioural intentions and attitudes towards SSB. DESIGN: Participants were randomly assigned to receive one of eight SSB price increase rationales. Intentions to purchase SSB and attitudes about the product and policy were measured...
July 28, 2016: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444594/the-uk-sugar-tax-a-healthy-start
#14
C M Jones
The unexpected announcement by the UK Chancellor of the Exchequer of a levy on sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) on the 16 March 2016, should be welcomed by all health professionals. This population based, structural intervention sends a strong message that there is no place for carbonated drinks, neither sugared nor sugar-free, in a healthy diet and the proposed levy has the potential to contribute to both general and dental health. The sugar content of drinks exempt from the proposed sugar levy will still cause tooth decay...
July 22, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27435175/study-protocol-combining-experimental-methods-econometrics-and-simulation-modelling-to-determine-price-elasticities-for-studying-food-taxes-and-subsidies-the-price-exam-study
#15
Wilma E Waterlander, Tony Blakely, Nhung Nghiem, Christine L Cleghorn, Helen Eyles, Murat Genc, Nick Wilson, Yannan Jiang, Boyd Swinburn, Liana Jacobi, Jo Michie, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
BACKGROUND: There is a need for accurate and precise food price elasticities (PE, change in consumer demand in response to change in price) to better inform policy on health-related food taxes and subsidies. METHODS/DESIGN: The Price Experiment and Modelling (Price ExaM) study aims to: I) derive accurate and precise food PE values; II) quantify the impact of price changes on quantity and quality of discrete food group purchases and; III) model the potential health and disease impacts of a range of food taxes and subsidies...
2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379797/first-year-evaluation-of-mexico-s-tax-on-nonessential-energy-dense-foods-an-observational-study
#16
Carolina Batis, Juan A Rivera, Barry M Popkin, Lindsey Smith Taillie
BACKGROUND: In an effort to prevent continued increases in obesity and diabetes, in January 2014, the Mexican government implemented an 8% tax on nonessential foods with energy density ≥275 kcal/100 g and a peso-per-liter tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs). Limited rigorous evaluations of food taxes exist worldwide. The objective of this study was to examine changes in volume of taxed and untaxed packaged food purchases in response to these taxes in the entire sample and stratified by socioeconomic status (SES)...
July 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338904/the-right-to-public-health
#17
(no author information available yet)
The tension between the 'autonomy first' axiom and public health strategies is at the centre of the ethical debate over the sugar tax.
June 24, 2016: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27338611/taxing-sugar-sweetened-beverages-to-lower-childhood-obesity-public-health-and-the-law
#18
Sarah A Wetter, James G Hodge
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) contributes to multiple health problems including obesity, diabetes, and tooth decay, especially among children. Excise taxation has been proven efficacious in changing purchasing behaviors related to tobacco use with resulting improvements in public health outcomes. Similar taxes applied to SSBs are starting to take hold internationally and domestically. SSB taxes have been proposed in over 30 U.S. jurisdictions since 2009, but only Berkeley (CA) has passed and implemented one to date...
June 2016: Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics: a Journal of the American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27273733/impact-of-sugars-and-sugar-taxation-on-body-weight-control-a-comprehensive-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Carmen Sayon-Orea, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Miguel A Martinez-Gonzalez
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a comprehensive literature review in the field of added-sugar consumption on weight gain including the effect of fructose-containing caloric sweeteners and sugar taxation. METHODS: A search of three databases was conducted in the time period from the inception of the databases to August 2015. Sensitive search strategies were used in order to retrieve systematic reviews (SR) of fructose, sucrose, or sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on weight gain and metabolic adverse effects, conducted on humans and written in English, Spanish, or French...
July 2016: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27240422/modelling-the-potential-impact-of-a-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-on-stroke-mortality-costs-and-health-adjusted-life-years-in-south-africa
#20
Mercy Manyema, Lennert J Veerman, Aviva Tugendhaft, Demetre Labadarios, Karen J Hofman
BACKGROUND: Stroke poses a growing human and economic burden in South Africa. Excess sugar consumption, especially from sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), has been associated with increased obesity and stroke risk. Research shows that price increases for SSBs can influence consumption and modelling evidence suggests that taxing SSBs has the potential to reduce obesity and related diseases. This study estimates the potential impact of an SSB tax on stroke-related mortality, costs and health-adjusted life years in South Africa...
2016: BMC Public Health
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