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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656917/the-short-term-impacts-of-the-philadelphia-beverage-tax-on-beverage-consumption
#1
Yichen Zhong, Amy H Auchincloss, Brian K Lee, Genevieve P Kanter
INTRODUCTION: On January 1, 2017, Philadelphia implemented a beverage tax of $0.015/ounce on sugar ("regular") and sugar-substitute ("diet") beverages. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the immediate impact of the tax on residents' consumption of soda, fruit drinks, energy drinks, and bottled water. METHODS: A repeat cross-sectional study design used data from a random-digit-dialing phone survey during a no-tax period (December 6-31, 2016) and a tax period (January 15-February 31, 2017) among 899 respondents in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, and 878 respondents in three nearby comparison cities...
April 11, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648617/society-of-behavioral-medicine-sbm-position-statement-enact-taxes-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-to-prevent-chronic-disease
#2
Daniel R Taber, Akilah Dulin-Keita, Megan Fallon, Frank J Chaloupka, Tatiana Andreyeva, Marlene B Schwartz, Jennifer L Harris
The Society of Behavioral Medicine (SBM) encourages stakeholders to implement a sugar sweetened beverage excise tax. Sugar sweetened beverages are the largest source of added sugars in the USA and have detrimental effects on population health by increasing risks for chronic diseases. Based on existing research evidence, SBM supports an excise tax equivalent to at least 20% to meaningfully affect consumption patterns. As evidenced by research studies in Mexico and the USA, sugar sweetened beverage taxes can have positive impacts on population health and can raise significant tax revenue...
April 10, 2018: Translational Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29555863/sugar-sweetened-beverages-as-the-new-tobacco-examining-a-proposed-tax-policy-through-a-canadian-social-justice-lens
#3
Natalie D Riediger, Andrea E Bombak
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 19, 2018: CMAJ: Canadian Medical Association Journal, Journal de L'Association Medicale Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515917/simulating-the-impact-of-excise-taxation-for-disease-prevention-in-low-income-and-middle-income-countries-an-application-to-south-africa
#4
Nicholas Stacey, Amit Summan, Aviva Tugendhaft, Ramanan Laxminarayan, Karen Hofman
Introduction: Excise taxes are policy tools that have been applied internationally with some success to reduce consumption of products adversely impacting population health including tobacco, alcohol and increasingly junk foods and sugary beverages. As in other low-income and middle-income countries, South Africa faces a growing burden of lifestyle diseases; accordingly we simulate the impact of multiple excise tax interventions in this setting. Methods: We construct a mathematical model to simulate the health and revenue effects of increased excise taxes, which is adaptable to a variety of settings given its limited data requirements...
2018: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506593/the-global-nutrition-transition-trends-disease-burdens-and-policy-interventions
#5
Rimante Ronto, Jason Hy Wu, Gitanjali M Singh
Non-communicable diseases (NCD) have increased dramatically in developed and developing countries. Unhealthy diet is one of the major factors contributing to NCD development. Recent evidence has identified deterioration in aspects of dietary quality across many world regions, including low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). Most burdens of disease attributable to poor diet can be prevented or delayed as they occur prematurely. Therefore, it is important to identify and target unhealthy dietary behaviours in order to have the greatest impact...
March 6, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501475/the-association-of-flavored-milk-consumption-with-milk-and-energy-intake-and-obesity-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Anisha I Patel, Sepideh Dibay Moghadam, Michael Freedman, Aakash Hazari, Min-Lin Fang, Isabel E Allen
Taxes on sugary drinks are being implemented to prevent chronic diseases. Sugar-sweetened milk has been exempt from such policies because of its nutritional value. This systematic review sought to examine whether flavored milk consumption was associated with milk and energy intake, and obesity among children. A search of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and the grey literature was conducted for peer-reviewed publications published before June 6, 2016 that met the following criteria: 1) English-language publications 2) studies of children ages 1 to 18 years, 3) controlled experimental, cohort, case-control, systematic reviews, or meta-analysis studies 4) dependent variable: flavored milk consumption 5) independent variable: weight, weight gain, weight change, body mass index, metabolic syndrome, waist circumference, cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure, serum glucose, calories, sugar, or milk consumed...
March 6, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480368/the-global-epidemic-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#7
REVIEW
Mohammad G Saklayen
Metabolic syndrome, variously known also as syndrome X, insulin resistance, etc., is defined by WHO as a pathologic condition characterized by abdominal obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension, and hyperlipidemia. Though there is some variation in the definition by other health care organization, the differences are minor. With the successful conquest of communicable infectious diseases in most of the world, this new non-communicable disease (NCD) has become the major health hazard of modern world. Though it started in the Western world, with the spread of the Western lifestyle across the globe, it has become now a truly global problem...
February 26, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29478454/fluorides-and-other-preventive-strategies-for-tooth-decay
#8
REVIEW
Jeremy A Horst, Jason M Tanzer, Peter M Milgrom
We focus on scalable public health interventions that prevent and delay the development of caries and enhance resistance to dental caries lesions. These interventions should occur throughout the life cycle, and need to be age appropriate. Mitigating disease transmission and enhancing resistance are achieved through use of various fluorides, sugar substitutes, mechanical barriers such as pit-and-fissure sealants, and antimicrobials. A key aspect is counseling and other behavioral interventions that are designed to promote use of disease transmission-inhibiting and tooth resistance-enhancing agents...
April 2018: Dental Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472682/oral-health-sugar-tax-doubts
#9
J Tebbutt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 23, 2018: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375180/designing-a-food-tax-to-impact-food-related-non-communicable-diseases-the-case-of-chile
#10
Juan Carlos Caro, Lindsey Smith-Taillie, Shu Wen Ng, Barry Popkin
The global shift towards diets high in sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and energy dense ultra-processed foods is linked to higher prevalence of obesity, diabetes and most other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), causing significant health costs. Chile has the highest SSB consumption in the world, very high junk food intake and very rapid increases in these poor components of the diet plus obesity prevalence. This study's purpose is to compare the effect of different tax schemes for SSBs and ultra-processed foods on nutrient availability, utilizing price-elasticities, which are estimated from a Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System model, using the 2011-2012 Income and Expenditure survey...
August 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363613/effect-of-increasing-the-price-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-on-alcoholic-beverage-purchases-an-economic-analysis-of-sales-data
#11
Diana Quirmbach, Laura Cornelsen, Susan A Jebb, Theresa Marteau, Richard Smith
BACKGROUND: Taxing soft-drinks may reduce their purchase, but assessing the impact on health demands wider consideration on alternative beverage choices. Effects on alcoholic drinks are of particular concern, as many contain similar or greater amounts of sugar than soft-drinks and have additional health harms. Changes in consumption of alcoholic drinks may reinforce or negate the intended effect of price changes for soft-drinks. METHODS: A partial demand model, adapted from the Almost Ideal Demand System, was applied to Kantar Worldpanel data from 31 919 households from January 2012 to December 2013, covering drink purchases for home consumption, providing ~6 million purchases aggregated into 11 groups, including three levels of soft-drink, three of other non-alcoholic drinks and five of alcoholic drinks...
April 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361922/access-to-public-drinking-water-fountains-in-berkeley-california-a-geospatial-analysis
#12
Dylan C Avery, Charlotte D Smith
BACKGROUND: In January 2015, Berkeley, California became the first city in the Unites States to impose a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages. The tax is intended to discourage purchase of sugary beverages and promote consumption of healthier alternatives such as tap water. The goal of the study was to assess the condition of public drinking water fountains and determine if there is a difference in access to clean, functioning fountains based on race or socio-economic status. METHODS: A mobile-GIS App was created to locate and collect data on existing drinking water fountains in Berkeley, CA...
January 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340686/taxes-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#13
Lisa M Powell, Matthew L Maciejewski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324885/correction-expected-population-weight-and-diabetes-impact-of-the-1-peso-per-litre-tax-to-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-mexico
#14
Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Rodrigo Zepeda-Tello, Eliane R Rodrigues, M Arantxa Colchero, Rosalba Rojas-Martínez, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, Juan Rivera-Dommarco, Rafael Meza
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176336.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320289/legal-and-administrative-feasibility-of-a-federal-junk-food-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-to-improve-diet
#15
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Parke Wilde, Yue Huang, Renata Micha, Dariush Mozaffarian
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate legal and administrative feasibility of a federal "junk" food (including sugar-sweetened beverages [SSBs]) tax to improve diet. METHODS: To assess food definitions and administration models, we systematically searched (1) PubMed (through May 15, 2017) for articles defining foods subject to taxes, and legal and legislative databases as well as online for (2) US federal, state, and tribal junk food tax bills and laws (January 1, 2012-February 28, 2017); SSB taxes (January 1, 2014-February 28, 2017); and international junk food tax laws (as of February 28, 2017); and (3) federal taxing mechanisms and administrative methods (as of February 28, 2017)...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262497/-retrospection-and-reflection-on-international-progress-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-tax-policies
#16
D Liu, Y Zhai, W H Zhao
Since the invention of sugar, added sugars bring us enjoyment. As consumption continues to rise, especially the advent of sugary drinks makes it easier for people to consume added sugars, less sugars and reduced sugars have also become a of concern around the world. In recent years, in WHO and several countries, tax on sugary beverages has been designed to reduce the intake of sugar and prevent the economic costs of obesity and other diseases. This paper reviews the WHO's proposal on sugary drinks tax and the progress of sugary drinks tax in Hungary, Finland, France, Mexico, the United States, South Africa and other countries and regions...
December 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261699/sugary-drinks-taxation-projected-consumption-and-fiscal-revenues-in-colombia-evidence-from-a-quaids-model
#17
Juan Carlos Caro, Shu Wen Ng, Ricardo Bonilla, Jorge Tovar, Barry M Popkin
The global shift towards diets high in sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is linked to higher prevalence of obesity, diabetes and most other non-communicable diseases. In Colombia, one out of every two people was overweight or obese by 2010. This study estimates price-elasticities from a Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System model, using the 2006-2007 Colombian Income and Expenditure survey. The food groups that were jointly considered were: unsweetened unflavored milks; coffee and tea; sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs); sweets and candies (including sugar); dairy products; meats and animal-based products; grains based staples; fruits and vegetables; and condiments and snacks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178869/the-potential-impact-of-food-taxes-and-subsidies-on-cardiovascular-disease-and-diabetes-burden-and-disparities-in-the-united-states
#18
José L Peñalvo, Frederick Cudhea, Renata Micha, Colin D Rehm, Ashkan Afshin, Laurie Whitsel, Parke Wilde, Tom Gaziano, Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Martin O'Flaherty, Simon Capewell, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Fiscal interventions are promising strategies to improve diets, reduce cardiovascular disease and diabetes (cardiometabolic diseases; CMD), and address health disparities. The aim of this study is to estimate the impact of specific dietary taxes and subsidies on CMD deaths and disparities in the US. METHODS: Using nationally representative data, we used a comparative risk assessment to model the potential effects on total CMD deaths and disparities of price subsidies (10%, 30%) on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nuts/seeds and taxes (10%, 30%) on processed meat, unprocessed red meats, and sugar-sweetened beverages...
November 27, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166954/state-of-the-art-for-food-taxes-to-promote-public-health
#19
J D Jensen, S Smed
The use of taxes to promote healthy nutritional behaviour has gained ground in the past decade. The present paper reviews existing applications of fiscal instruments in nutrition policy and derives some perspectives and recommendations from the experiences gained with these instruments. Many countries in different parts of the world have experiences with the taxation of sugar-sweetened beverages, in some cases in combination with taxes on unhealthy food commodities such as confectionery or high-fat foods. These tax schemes have many similarities, but also differ in their definitions of tax objects and in the applied tax rates...
November 23, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166399/public-responses-to-proposals-for-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-thematic-analysis-of-online-reader-comments-posted-on-major-uk-news-websites
#20
Molly Thomas-Meyer, Oliver Mytton, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: Regular consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and dental caries. The UK will introduce a levy on the manufacturers of SSBs in 2018. Details will be negotiated over the next two years. How the UK public views SSB taxes is likely to be an important determinant of the content and success of the final policy. We aimed to capture the views, ideas and concerns of commenters on major UK news websites on SSB taxes. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a qualitative analysis of reader comments to online news coverage of one proposal for an SSB tax in the UK...
2017: PloS One
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