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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375180/designing-a-food-tax-to-impact-food-related-non-communicable-diseases-the-case-of-chile
#1
Juan Carlos Caro, Lindsey Smith-Taillie, Shu Wen Ng, Barry Popkin
The global shift towards diets high in sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and energy dense ultra-processed foods is linked to higher prevalence of obesity, diabetes and most other noncommunicable diseases (NCDs), causing significant health costs. Chile has the highest SSB consumption in the world, very high junk food intake and very rapid increases in these poor components of the diet plus obesity prevalence. This study's purpose is to compare the effect of different tax schemes for SSBs and ultra-processed foods on nutrient availability, utilizing price-elasticities, which are estimated from a Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System model, using the 2011-2012 Income and Expenditure survey...
August 2017: Food Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363613/effect-of-increasing-the-price-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-on-alcoholic-beverage-purchases-an-economic-analysis-of-sales-data
#2
Diana Quirmbach, Laura Cornelsen, Susan A Jebb, Theresa Marteau, Richard Smith
BACKGROUND: Taxing soft-drinks may reduce their purchase, but assessing the impact on health demands wider consideration on alternative beverage choices. Effects on alcoholic drinks are of particular concern, as many contain similar or greater amounts of sugar than soft-drinks and have additional health harms. Changes in consumption of alcoholic drinks may reinforce or negate the intended effect of price changes for soft-drinks. METHODS: A partial demand model, adapted from the Almost Ideal Demand System, was applied to Kantar Worldpanel data from 31 919 households from January 2012 to December 2013, covering drink purchases for home consumption, providing ~6 million purchases aggregated into 11 groups, including three levels of soft-drink, three of other non-alcoholic drinks and five of alcoholic drinks...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29361922/access-to-public-drinking-water-fountains-in-berkeley-california-a-geospatial-analysis
#3
Dylan C Avery, Charlotte D Smith
BACKGROUND: In January 2015, Berkeley, California became the first city in the Unites States to impose a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages. The tax is intended to discourage purchase of sugary beverages and promote consumption of healthier alternatives such as tap water. The goal of the study was to assess the condition of public drinking water fountains and determine if there is a difference in access to clean, functioning fountains based on race or socio-economic status. METHODS: A mobile-GIS App was created to locate and collect data on existing drinking water fountains in Berkeley, CA...
January 24, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340686/taxes-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#4
Lisa M Powell, Matthew L Maciejewski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 16, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324885/correction-expected-population-weight-and-diabetes-impact-of-the-1-peso-per-litre-tax-to-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-mexico
#5
Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Rodrigo Zepeda-Tello, Eliane R Rodrigues, M Arantxa Colchero, Rosalba Rojas-Martínez, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, Juan Rivera-Dommarco, Rafael Meza
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0176336.].
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320289/legal-and-administrative-feasibility-of-a-federal-junk-food-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-to-improve-diet
#6
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Parke Wilde, Yue Huang, Renata Micha, Dariush Mozaffarian
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate legal and administrative feasibility of a federal "junk" food (including sugar-sweetened beverages [SSBs]) tax to improve diet. METHODS: To assess food definitions and administration models, we systematically searched (1) PubMed (through May 15, 2017) for articles defining foods subject to taxes, and legal and legislative databases as well as online for (2) US federal, state, and tribal junk food tax bills and laws (January 1, 2012-February 28, 2017); SSB taxes (January 1, 2014-February 28, 2017); and international junk food tax laws (as of February 28, 2017); and (3) federal taxing mechanisms and administrative methods (as of February 28, 2017)...
February 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29262497/-retrospection-and-reflection-on-international-progress-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-tax-policies
#7
D Liu, Y Zhai, W H Zhao
Since the invention of sugar, added sugars bring us enjoyment. As consumption continues to rise, especially the advent of sugary drinks makes it easier for people to consume added sugars, less sugars and reduced sugars have also become a of concern around the world. In recent years, in WHO and several countries, tax on sugary beverages has been designed to reduce the intake of sugar and prevent the economic costs of obesity and other diseases. This paper reviews the WHO's proposal on sugary drinks tax and the progress of sugary drinks tax in Hungary, Finland, France, Mexico, the United States, South Africa and other countries and regions...
December 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261699/sugary-drinks-taxation-projected-consumption-and-fiscal-revenues-in-colombia-evidence-from-a-quaids-model
#8
Juan Carlos Caro, Shu Wen Ng, Ricardo Bonilla, Jorge Tovar, Barry M Popkin
The global shift towards diets high in sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is linked to higher prevalence of obesity, diabetes and most other non-communicable diseases. In Colombia, one out of every two people was overweight or obese by 2010. This study estimates price-elasticities from a Quadratic Almost Ideal Demand System model, using the 2006-2007 Colombian Income and Expenditure survey. The food groups that were jointly considered were: unsweetened unflavored milks; coffee and tea; sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs); sweets and candies (including sugar); dairy products; meats and animal-based products; grains based staples; fruits and vegetables; and condiments and snacks...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178869/the-potential-impact-of-food-taxes-and-subsidies-on-cardiovascular-disease-and-diabetes-burden-and-disparities-in-the-united-states
#9
José L Peñalvo, Frederick Cudhea, Renata Micha, Colin D Rehm, Ashkan Afshin, Laurie Whitsel, Parke Wilde, Tom Gaziano, Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Martin O'Flaherty, Simon Capewell, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Fiscal interventions are promising strategies to improve diets, reduce cardiovascular disease and diabetes (cardiometabolic diseases; CMD), and address health disparities. The aim of this study is to estimate the impact of specific dietary taxes and subsidies on CMD deaths and disparities in the US. METHODS: Using nationally representative data, we used a comparative risk assessment to model the potential effects on total CMD deaths and disparities of price subsidies (10%, 30%) on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nuts/seeds and taxes (10%, 30%) on processed meat, unprocessed red meats, and sugar-sweetened beverages...
November 27, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166954/state-of-the-art-for-food-taxes-to-promote-public-health
#10
J D Jensen, S Smed
The use of taxes to promote healthy nutritional behaviour has gained ground in the past decade. The present paper reviews existing applications of fiscal instruments in nutrition policy and derives some perspectives and recommendations from the experiences gained with these instruments. Many countries in different parts of the world have experiences with the taxation of sugar-sweetened beverages, in some cases in combination with taxes on unhealthy food commodities such as confectionery or high-fat foods. These tax schemes have many similarities, but also differ in their definitions of tax objects and in the applied tax rates...
November 23, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166399/public-responses-to-proposals-for-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-thematic-analysis-of-online-reader-comments-posted-on-major-uk-news-websites
#11
Molly Thomas-Meyer, Oliver Mytton, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: Regular consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and dental caries. The UK will introduce a levy on the manufacturers of SSBs in 2018. Details will be negotiated over the next two years. How the UK public views SSB taxes is likely to be an important determinant of the content and success of the final policy. We aimed to capture the views, ideas and concerns of commenters on major UK news websites on SSB taxes. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a qualitative analysis of reader comments to online news coverage of one proposal for an SSB tax in the UK...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160767/sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-the-inconvenient-truths
#12
Kathryn Backholer, Jane Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146460/the-impact-of-price-and-nutrition-labelling-on-sugary-drink-purchases-results-from-an-experimental-marketplace-study
#13
Rachel B Acton, David Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of front-of-package (FOP) nutrition labelling and sugary drink taxation on consumer beverage purchases. METHODS: A total of 675 respondents aged 16 years and older participated in an experimental marketplace study using a 4 × 5 within-between group design. Participants were randomised to one of four labelling conditions (no label; star rating; high sugar symbol; health warning) and completed five within-subject purchase tasks...
November 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110959/-taxation-of-traditional-rums-in-french-overseas-territories-and-public-health-the-example-of-reunion-island
#14
D Mété
BACKGROUND: France has a complex system for the taxation of alcoholic beverages. In the French overseas territories (FOT), the system includes little-known specificities whose purpose is to preserve the sugar-cane-rum sector, a pillar for the weak economies in these territories. Taxes are reduced for traditional rums produced and sold locally. This favors the marketing of alcoholic spirits at low prices. In metropolitan France, on the contrary, spirits are heavily taxed drinks and their share in consumption is minor...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099817/effectiveness-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-taxes-to-reduce-obesity-evidence-based-policy-brief
#15
Josefina Bascuñán, Cristóbal Cuadrado
The high prevalence of obesity in Chile, along with the increasing consumption of sugary drinks in the country, has made apparent the need to propose fiscal measures, through taxes on specific foods, as a complementary alternative to approach this problem. Since 2014, an additional 5% increase in the tax on sugar-sweetened nonalcoholic beverages has been in effect in Chile, an amount that may be insufficient to produce an impact on obesity levels. The evidence of the effectiveness of fiscal measures upon sugary beverages, in terms of price modification, generally reflects a high transfer of the tax to the final consumers, which is variable according to local conditions...
October 25, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097514/policies-to-prevent-obesity-and-promote-healthier-diets-a-critical-selective-review
#16
REVIEW
John Cawley, Katherine Wen
BACKGROUND: Obesity has risen dramatically in recent decades in the US and most other countries of the world. This has led to a search for public policies and other interventions that can prevent obesity and improve diets. However, there remain considerable uncertainty and confusion about the effectiveness for many potential policies. CONTENT: This review assesses the strength of the research evidence for 4 commonly proposed policies to prevent obesity and improve diets: (a) taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs); (b) calorie labels on restaurant menus; (c) restricting food advertising to youth; and (d) excluding energy-dense foods from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097504/taxes-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-reach-a-turning-point
#17
EDITORIAL
Y Claire Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094661/prevalence-of-child-directed-and-general-audience-marketing-strategies-on-the-front-of-beverage-packaging-the-case-of-chile
#18
Fernanda Mediano Stoltze, Joshua O Barker, Rebecca Kanter, Camila Corvalán, Marcela Reyes, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Francesca R Dillman Carpentier
OBJECTIVE: Front-of-package (FOP) marketing strategies of a wide variety of beverages were catalogued to examine the prevalence of each strategy prior to a sweeping Chilean restriction of child-directed marketing aimed at reducing obesity-related disease among Chile's youth. DESIGN: Photographs of 1005 beverage packages were quantitatively content-analysed to code whether a variety of child-directed, health-oriented and other marketing strategies (e.g. sales promotions) were present on each product's FOP...
November 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071342/pass-through-of-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-at-the-philadelphia-international-airport
#19
John Cawley, Barton Willage, David Frisvold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061203/exploring-perceptions-of-the-mexican-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-among-adolescents-in-north-west-mexico-a-qualitative-study
#20
Ana G Ortega-Avila, Angeliki Papadaki, Russell Jago
OBJECTIVE: To explore awareness and perceptions of the sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax implemented in Mexico in 2014 among a sample of Mexican adolescents, and to investigate how the tax has affected their purchases and intake of SSB. DESIGN: Qualitative. SETTING: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in April-May 2016. The data were analysed using thematic analysis. SUBJECTS: Adolescents residing in north-west Mexico (n 29, 55·2 % females), aged 15-19 years...
October 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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