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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178869/the-potential-impact-of-food-taxes-and-subsidies-on-cardiovascular-disease-and-diabetes-burden-and-disparities-in-the-united-states
#1
José L Peñalvo, Frederick Cudhea, Renata Micha, Colin D Rehm, Ashkan Afshin, Laurie Whitsel, Parke Wilde, Tom Gaziano, Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Martin O'Flaherty, Simon Capewell, Dariush Mozaffarian
BACKGROUND: Fiscal interventions are promising strategies to improve diets, reduce cardiovascular disease and diabetes (cardiometabolic diseases; CMD), and address health disparities. The aim of this study is to estimate the impact of specific dietary taxes and subsidies on CMD deaths and disparities in the US. METHODS: Using nationally representative data, we used a comparative risk assessment to model the potential effects on total CMD deaths and disparities of price subsidies (10%, 30%) on fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and nuts/seeds and taxes (10%, 30%) on processed meat, unprocessed red meats, and sugar-sweetened beverages...
November 27, 2017: BMC Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166954/state-of-the-art-for-food-taxes-to-promote-public-health
#2
J D Jensen, S Smed
The use of taxes to promote healthy nutritional behaviour has gained ground in the past decade. The present paper reviews existing applications of fiscal instruments in nutrition policy and derives some perspectives and recommendations from the experiences gained with these instruments. Many countries in different parts of the world have experiences with the taxation of sugar-sweetened beverages, in some cases in combination with taxes on unhealthy food commodities such as confectionery or high-fat foods. These tax schemes have many similarities, but also differ in their definitions of tax objects and in the applied tax rates...
November 23, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166399/public-responses-to-proposals-for-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-thematic-analysis-of-online-reader-comments-posted-on-major-uk-news-websites
#3
Molly Thomas-Meyer, Oliver Mytton, Jean Adams
BACKGROUND: Regular consumption of sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with weight gain, type 2 diabetes, and dental caries. The UK will introduce a levy on the manufacturers of SSBs in 2018. Details will be negotiated over the next two years. How the UK public views SSB taxes is likely to be an important determinant of the content and success of the final policy. We aimed to capture the views, ideas and concerns of commenters on major UK news websites on SSB taxes. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We conducted a qualitative analysis of reader comments to online news coverage of one proposal for an SSB tax in the UK...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160767/sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-the-inconvenient-truths
#4
Kathryn Backholer, Jane Martin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146460/the-impact-of-price-and-nutrition-labelling-on-sugary-drink-purchases-results-from-an-experimental-marketplace-study
#5
Rachel B Acton, David Hammond
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of front-of-package (FOP) nutrition labelling and sugary drink taxation on consumer beverage purchases. METHODS: A total of 675 respondents aged 16 years and older participated in an experimental marketplace study using a 4 × 5 within-between group design. Participants were randomised to one of four labelling conditions (no label; star rating; high sugar symbol; health warning) and completed five within-subject purchase tasks...
November 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110959/-taxation-of-traditional-rums-in-french-overseas-territories-and-public-health-the-example-of-reunion-island
#6
D Mété
BACKGROUND: France has a complex system for the taxation of alcoholic beverages. In the French overseas territories (FOT), the system includes little-known specificities whose purpose is to preserve the sugar-cane-rum sector, a pillar for the weak economies in these territories. Taxes are reduced for traditional rums produced and sold locally. This favors the marketing of alcoholic spirits at low prices. In metropolitan France, on the contrary, spirits are heavily taxed drinks and their share in consumption is minor...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29099817/effectiveness-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-taxes-to-reduce-obesity-evidence-based-policy-brief
#7
Josefina Bascuñán, Cristóbal Cuadrado
The high prevalence of obesity in Chile, along with the increasing consumption of sugary drinks in the country, has made apparent the need to propose fiscal measures, through taxes on specific foods, as a complementary alternative to approach this problem. Since 2014, an additional 5% increase in the tax on sugar-sweetened nonalcoholic beverages has been in effect in Chile, an amount that may be insufficient to produce an impact on obesity levels. The evidence of the effectiveness of fiscal measures upon sugary beverages, in terms of price modification, generally reflects a high transfer of the tax to the final consumers, which is variable according to local conditions...
October 25, 2017: Medwave
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097514/policies-to-prevent-obesity-and-promote-healthier-diets-a-critical-selective-review
#8
REVIEW
John Cawley, Katherine Wen
BACKGROUND: Obesity has risen dramatically in recent decades in the US and most other countries of the world. This has led to a search for public policies and other interventions that can prevent obesity and improve diets. However, there remain considerable uncertainty and confusion about the effectiveness for many potential policies. CONTENT: This review assesses the strength of the research evidence for 4 commonly proposed policies to prevent obesity and improve diets: (a) taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs); (b) calorie labels on restaurant menus; (c) restricting food advertising to youth; and (d) excluding energy-dense foods from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP)...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097504/taxes-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-reach-a-turning-point
#9
EDITORIAL
Y Claire Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094661/prevalence-of-child-directed-and-general-audience-marketing-strategies-on-the-front-of-beverage-packaging-the-case-of-chile
#10
Fernanda Mediano Stoltze, Joshua O Barker, Rebecca Kanter, Camila Corvalán, Marcela Reyes, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Francesca R Dillman Carpentier
OBJECTIVE: Front-of-package (FOP) marketing strategies of a wide variety of beverages were catalogued to examine the prevalence of each strategy prior to a sweeping Chilean restriction of child-directed marketing aimed at reducing obesity-related disease among Chile's youth. DESIGN: Photographs of 1005 beverage packages were quantitatively content-analysed to code whether a variety of child-directed, health-oriented and other marketing strategies (e.g. sales promotions) were present on each product's FOP...
November 2, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071342/pass-through-of-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-at-the-philadelphia-international-airport
#11
John Cawley, Barton Willage, David Frisvold
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061203/exploring-perceptions-of-the-mexican-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-among-adolescents-in-north-west-mexico-a-qualitative-study
#12
Ana G Ortega-Avila, Angeliki Papadaki, Russell Jago
OBJECTIVE: To explore awareness and perceptions of the sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax implemented in Mexico in 2014 among a sample of Mexican adolescents, and to investigate how the tax has affected their purchases and intake of SSB. DESIGN: Qualitative. SETTING: Semi-structured interviews were conducted in April-May 2016. The data were analysed using thematic analysis. SUBJECTS: Adolescents residing in north-west Mexico (n 29, 55·2 % females), aged 15-19 years...
October 24, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019789/mexican-cohort-study-predates-but-predicts-the-type-of-body-composition-changes-expected-from-the-mexican-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax
#13
Barry M Popkin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949460/the-untapped-power-of-soda-taxes-incentivizing-consumers-generating-revenue-and-altering-corporate-behavior
#14
EDITORIAL
Sarah A Roache, Lawrence O Gostin
Globally, soda taxes are gaining momentum as powerful interventions to discourage sugar consumption and thereby reduce the growing burden of obesity and non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Evidence from early adopters including Mexico and Berkeley, California, confirms that soda taxes can disincentivize consumption through price increases and raise revenue to support government programs. The United Kingdom's new graduated levy on sweetened beverages is yielding yet another powerful impact: soda manufacturers are reformulating their beverages to significantly reduce the sugar content...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937550/why-tax-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#15
Kawther Hashem, Jenny Rosborough
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899334/the-obesity-epidemic-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-a-taxing-time
#16
Becky Freeman, Kieron Rooney, Eloise Howse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 18, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890354/employment-changes-associated-with-the-introduction-of-taxes-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-nonessential-energy-dense-food-in-mexico
#17
Carlos M Guerrero-López, Mariana Molina, M Arantxa Colchero
We assessed changes in employment in the manufacturing industry, the commercial sector and national unemployment rates, associated with the fiscal policies implemented in 2014 in Mexico: a 1 peso per liter excise tax to sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and an 8% tax on nonessential energy-dense food. We used data from three nationally representative surveys. Controlling for contextual variables, we used interrupted time series analyses to model changes in number of employees in the SSB and nonessential energy-dense food industry, in commercial establishments selling beverages and food and changes in national unemployment rates...
September 8, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864129/the-potential-for-federal-preemption-of-state-and-local-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxes
#18
Jennifer L Pomeranz, Dariush Mozaffarian, Renata Micha
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804786/health-impact-assessment-of-the-uk-soft-drinks-industry-levy-a-comparative-risk-assessment-modelling-study
#19
Adam D M Briggs, Oliver T Mytton, Ariane Kehlbacher, Richard Tiffin, Ahmed Elhussein, Mike Rayner, Susan A Jebb, Tony Blakely, Peter Scarborough
BACKGROUND: In March, 2016, the UK Government proposed a tiered levy on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; high tax for drinks with >8 g of sugar per 100 mL, moderate tax for 5-8 g, and no tax for <5 g). We estimate the effect of possible industry responses to the levy on obesity, diabetes, and dental caries. METHODS: We modelled three possible industry responses: reformulation to reduce sugar concentration, an increase of product price, and a change of the market share of high-sugar, mid-sugar, and low-sugar drinks...
January 2017: Lancet. Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774355/funding-quality-pre-kindergarten-slots-with-philadelphia-s-new-sugary-drink-tax-simulating-effects-of-using-an-excise-tax-to-address-a-social-determinant-of-health
#20
Brent A Langellier, Félice Lê-Scherban, Jonathan Purtle
OBJECTIVE: Philadelphia passed a 1·5-cent-per-ounce sweetened beverage tax (SBT). Revenue will fund 10 000 quality pre-kindergarten slots for poor children. It is imperative to understand how revenue from SBT can be used to fund programmes to address education and other social determinants of health. The objective of the present study was to simulate quality pre-kindergarten attendance, educational achievement and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption among Philadelphia children and adolescents under six intervention scenarios: (i) no intervention; (ii) 10 000 additional quality pre-kindergarten slots; (iii) a 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (iv) expanded pre-kindergarten and 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (v) a 3-cent-per-ounce SBT; and (vi) expanded pre-kindergarten and 3-cent-per-ounce SBT...
September 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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