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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716655/trends-in-beverage-prices-following-the-introduction-of-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-barbados
#1
Miriam Alvarado, Deliana Kostova, Marc Suhrcke, Ian Hambleton, Trevor Hassell, T Alafia Samuels, Jean Adams, Nigel Unwin
A 10% excise tax on sugar sweetened beverages (SSBs) was implemented in Barbados in September 2015. A national evaluation has been established to assess the impact of the tax. We present a descriptive analysis of initial price changes following implementation of the SSB tax using price data provided by a major supermarket chain in Barbados over the period 2014-2016. We summarize trends in price change before and after the tax using year-on-year mean price per liter change between SSBs and non-SSBs. We find that prior to the tax, year-on-year price growth of SSBs and non-SSBs was very similar (approximately 1%)...
July 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711301/the-taxation-of-unhealthy-energy-dense-foods-edfs-and-sugar-sweetened-beverages-ssbs-an-overview-of-patterns-observed-in-the-policy-content-and-policy-context-of-13-case-studies
#2
REVIEW
Luc Louis Hagenaars, Patrick Paulus Theodoor Jeurissen, Niek Sieds Klazinga
Taxation of energy-dense foods (EDFs) and sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is increasingly of interest as a novel public health and fiscal policy instrument. However academic interest in policy determinants has remained limited. We address this paucity by comparing the policy content and policy context of EDF/SSB taxes witnessed in 13 case studies, of which we assume the tax is sufficiently high to induce behavioural change. The observational and non-randomized studies published on our case studies seem to indicate that the EDF/SSB taxes under investigation generally had the desired effects on prices and consumption of targeted products...
July 8, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684837/the-sugar-tax-an-opportunity-to-advance-oral-health
#3
V Wordley, H Lee, M Lomazzi, R Bedi
The new sugar tax was recently announced by Government, aiming to combat obesity through investment in school sports. Dental professionals should seize this rare opportunity to raise awareness of the other adverse effects of sugar; young children continue to suffer alarmingly high rates of dental cavities in the UK. A significant amount of money raised through the levy must be reinvested into ensuring fluoride toothpaste is more affordable. Since daily use of fluoride toothpaste is the most effective evidence-based oral health preventative measure that is widely used, this should receive tax exemption status from the government as a means of universal oral health prevention...
July 7, 2017: British Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654690/effectiveness-and-equity-of-sugar-sweetened-beverage-taxation
#4
Sanjay Basu, Kristine Madsen
Sanjay Basu and Kristine Madsen discuss the effects of taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages in both Australia and Berkeley, USA.
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654688/modelled-health-benefits-of-a-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-across-different-socioeconomic-groups-in-australia-a-cost-effectiveness-and-equity-analysis
#5
Anita Lal, Ana Maria Mantilla-Herrera, Lennert Veerman, Kathryn Backholer, Gary Sacks, Marjory Moodie, Mohammad Siahpush, Rob Carter, Anna Peeters
BACKGROUND: A sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax in Mexico has been effective in reducing consumption of SSBs, with larger decreases for low-income households. The health and financial effects across socioeconomic groups are important considerations for policy-makers. From a societal perspective, we assessed the potential cost-effectiveness, health gains, and financial impacts by socioeconomic position (SEP) of a 20% SSB tax for Australia. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Australia-specific price elasticities were used to predict decreases in SSB consumption for each Socio-Economic Indexes for Areas (SEIFA) quintile...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649143/sugar-price-supports-and-taxation-a-public-health-policy-paradox
#6
Abby Dilk, Dennis A Savaiano
Domestic US sugar production has been protected by government policy for the past 82 years, resulting in elevated domestic prices and an estimated annual (2013) $1.4 billion dollar "tax" on consumers. These elevated prices and the simultaneous federal support for domestic corn production have ensured a strong market for high-fructose corn syrup. Americans have dramatically increased their consumption of caloric sweeteners during the same period. Consumption of "empty" calories (ie, foods with low-nutrient/high-caloric density)-sugar and high-fructose corn syrup being the primary sources-is considered by most public health experts to be a key contributing factor to the rise in obesity...
May 2017: Nutrition Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629470/policy-lessons-from-health-taxes-a-systematic-review-of-empirical-studies
#7
Alexandra Wright, Katherine E Smith, Mark Hellowell
BACKGROUND: Taxes on alcohol and tobacco have long been an important means of raising revenues for public spending in many countries but there is increasing interest in using taxes on these, and other unhealthy products, to achieve public health goals. We present a systematic review of the research on health taxes, and aim to generate insights into how such taxes can: (i) reduce consumption of targeted products and related harms; (ii) generate revenues for health objectives and distribute the tax burden across income groups in an efficient and equitable manner; and (iii) be made politically sustainable...
June 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615377/after-mexico-implemented-a-tax-purchases-of-sugar-sweetened-beverages-decreased-and-of-water-increased-difference-by-place-of-residence-household-composition-and-income-level
#8
M Arantxa Colchero, Mariana Molina, Carlos M Guerrero-López
Background: In January 2014, Mexico implemented a tax on sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) purchases of 1 peso/L.Objective: We examined the heterogeneity of changes in nonalcoholic beverage (SSB and bottled water) purchases after the tax was implemented by household income, urban and rural strata, and household composition.Methods: We used 4 rounds of the National Income and Expenditure Surveys: 2008, 2010, 2012, and 2014. Changes in purchases in per capita liters per week were estimated with the use of 2-part models to adjust for nonpurchases...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612831/abdominal-obesity-and-type-2-diabetes-in-asian-indians-dietary-strategies-including-edible-oils-cooking-practices-and-sugar-intake
#9
REVIEW
S Gulati, A Misra
Obesity and type 2 diabetes are increasing in rural and urban regions of South Asia including India. Pattern of fat deposition in abdomen, ectopic fat deposition (liver, pancreas) and also low lean mass are contributory to early-onset insulin resistance, dysmetabolic state and diabetes in Asian Indians. These metabolic perturbations are further exacerbated by changing lifestyle, diet urbanization, and mechanization. Important dietary imbalances include increasing use of oils containing high amount of trans fatty acids and saturated fats (partially hydrogenated vegetable oil, palmolein oil) use of deep frying method and reheating of oils for cooking, high intake of saturated fats, sugar and refined carbohydrates, low intake of protein, fiber and increasing intake of processed foods...
July 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587533/public-attitudes-and-support-for-a-sugar-sweetened-beverage-tax-in-america-s-heartland
#10
Laurel E Curry, Todd Rogers, Pam Williams, Ghada Homsi, Jeff Willett, Carol L Schmitt
BACKGROUND: Policy and environmental strategies are part of a comprehensive approach to obesity prevention. We investigated the association between public attitudes about how the environment influences health and support for a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) tax in Kansas. METHOD: We collected data via a 2014 representative dual-frame (cellular and landline) telephone survey of 2,203 adult Kansans regarding healthy eating policy support and beliefs about obesity causes and solutions...
June 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586351/reducing-us-cardiovascular-disease-burden-and-disparities-through-national-and-targeted-dietary-policies-a-modelling-study
#11
Jonathan Pearson-Stuttard, Piotr Bandosz, Colin D Rehm, Jose Penalvo, Laurie Whitsel, Tom Gaziano, Zach Conrad, Parke Wilde, Renata Micha, Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Simon Capewell, Dariush Mozaffarian, Martin O'Flaherty
BACKGROUND: Large socio-economic disparities exist in US dietary habits and cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality. While economic incentives have demonstrated success in improving dietary choices, the quantitative impact of different dietary policies on CVD disparities is not well established. We aimed to quantify and compare the potential effects on total CVD mortality and disparities of specific dietary policies to increase fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption and reduce sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption in the US...
June 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579502/sugary-beverage-taxation-in-south-africa-household-expenditure-demand-system-elasticities-and-policy-implications
#12
Nicholas Stacey, Aviva Tugendhaft, Karen Hofman
South Africa faces a severe and growing obesity epidemic. Obesity and its co-morbidities raise public and private expenditures on healthcare. Sugary beverages are heavily consumed in South Africa and are linked to the onset of overweight and obesity. Excise taxation of sugary beverages has been proposed and adopted in other settings as a means to reduce harms from their consumption. A tax on the sugar content of non-alcoholic beverages has been proposed for implementation in South Africa, however, the public health effects and revenue raising potential of this measure hinges on estimates of the targeted beverages own- and cross-price elasticities...
June 1, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562714/-changes-in-prices-of-taxed-sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-nonessential-energy-dense-food-in-rural-and-semi-rural-areas-in-mexico
#13
M Arantxa Colchero, J Alejandro Zavala, Carolina Batis, Teresa Shamah-Levy, Juan A Rivera-Dommarco
Objective: To estimate changes in prices associated with the implementation of the tax to sugar sweetened beverages (SSB) and to nonessential energy dense food in 2014. Materials and methods: Price data were collected in rural and semi-rural areas in December 2013, and April and December 2014. Fixed effects models were used to estimate changes in prices of beverages and nonessential energy dense food, stratified by region, retailer and package size. Results: The SSB tax did not pass completely through prices: prices increased on average 0...
March 2017: Salud Pública de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525992/water-and-beverage-consumption-patterns-among-4-to-13-year-old-children-in-the-united-kingdom
#14
Florent Vieux, Matthieu Maillot, Florence Constant, Adam Drewnowski
BACKGROUND: The UK government has announced a tax on sugar-sweetened beverages. The aim of this study was to assess consumption patterns for plain drinking water relative to sugary beverages among UK children. METHODS: Dietary intake data for 845 children aged 4-13 years came from the nationally representative cross-sectional National Diet and Nutrition Survey, 2008-2011. Beverage categories were drinking water (tap or bottled), milk, 100% fruit juices, soda, fruit drinks, tea, coffee, sports drinks, flavored waters, and liquid supplements...
May 19, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520716/expected-population-weight-and-diabetes-impact-of-the-1-peso-per-litre-tax-to-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-mexico
#15
Tonatiuh Barrientos-Gutierrez, Rodrigo Zepeda-Tello, Eliane R Rodrigues, Arantxa Colchero-Aragonés, Rosalba Rojas-Martínez, Eduardo Lazcano-Ponce, Mauricio Hernández-Ávila, Juan Rivera-Dommarco, Rafael Meza
STUDY QUESTION: What effect on body mass index, obesity and diabetes can we expect from the 1-peso-per-litre tax to sugar sweetened beverages in Mexico? METHODS: Using recently published estimates of the reductions in beverage purchases due to the tax, we modelled its expected long-term impacts on body mass index (BMI), obesity and diabetes. Microsimulations based on a nationally representative dataset were used to estimate the impact of the tax on BMI and obesity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509510/editorial-selling-a-sugar-tax-the-sweet-smell-of-success
#16
Ffion Lloyd-Williams, Simon Capewell
This editorial briefly considers the increasing epidemic of obesity and Type 2 diabetes, the underlying drivers of junk food and sugary drinks, and the recent scientific and campaigning movements culminating in the UK Chancellor's surprise announcement of a Sugary Drinks Levy.
September 2016: Community Dental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501066/taxing-sugary-beverages-reduces-their-purchase-especially-among-poor-households
#17
Astha Singhal, Shilpi Joshi
ARTICLE TITLE AND BIBLIOGRAPHIC INFORMATION: Beverage purchases from stores in Mexico under the excise tax on sugar sweetened beverages: observational study. Colchera MA, Popkin BM, Rivera JA, Ng SW. Br Med J 2016;352:h6704. SOURCE OF FUNDING: Bloomberg Philanthropies, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, Instituto Nacional de Salud Pública and Carolina Population Center. TYPE OF STUDY/DESIGN: Observational study.
June 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475738/appetite-for-health-related-food-taxes-new-zealand-stakeholder-views
#18
Louise N Signal, Carolyn Watts, Celia Murphy, Helen Eyles, Cliona Ni Mhurchu
There is increasing discussion globally of the value of health-related food taxes and subsidies to address obesity and noncommunicable diseases. In order for such policies to be successful it is important to understand the positions of key stakeholders. This research investigated New Zealand (NZ) stakeholders' views on the feasibility and acceptability of selected health-related food taxes and subsidies over the next 5 to 10 years. Twenty semi-structured interviews were undertaken by telephone from November 2014 to May 2015...
May 5, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420538/the-impact-on-productivity-of-a-hypothetical-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages
#19
Takeshi Nomaguchi, Michelle Cunich, Belen Zapata-Diomedi, J Lennert Veerman
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the potential impact of an additional 20% tax on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on productivity in Australia. METHODS: We used a multi-state lifetable Markov model to examine the potential impact of an additional 20% tax on SSBs on total lifetime productivity in the paid and unpaid sectors of the economy. The study population consisted of Australians aged 20 years or older in 2010, whose health and other relevant outcomes were modelled over their remaining lifetime...
April 7, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419108/changes-in-prices-sales-consumer-spending-and-beverage-consumption-one-year-after-a-tax-on-sugar-sweetened-beverages-in-berkeley-california-us-a-before-and-after-study
#20
Lynn D Silver, Shu Wen Ng, Suzanne Ryan-Ibarra, Lindsey Smith Taillie, Marta Induni, Donna R Miles, Jennifer M Poti, Barry M Popkin
BACKGROUND: Taxes on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) meant to improve health and raise revenue are being adopted, yet evaluation is scarce. This study examines the association of the first penny per ounce SSB excise tax in the United States, in Berkeley, California, with beverage prices, sales, store revenue/consumer spending, and usual beverage intake. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Methods included comparison of pre-taxation (before 1 January 2015) and first-year post-taxation (1 March 2015-29 February 2016) measures of (1) beverage prices at 26 Berkeley stores; (2) point-of-sale scanner data on 15...
April 2017: PLoS Medicine
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