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Tao Zhang, Guannan Zhao, Chuanhe Yang, Peixin Dong, Hidemichi Watari, Lin Zeng, Lawrence M Pfeffer, Junming Yue
Ovarian cancer is one of the most common malignancies in women and has a high mortality rate due to metastatic progression and tumor recurrence. ASAP1 (ArfGAP with SH3 Domain, Ankyrin Repeat and PH Domain 1) is an ADP-ribosylation factor GTPase-activating protein, which is involved in tumor metastasis. However, the role of ASAP1 in ovarian cancer is completely unknown. The present study reported that ASAP1 was highly expressed in ovarian carcinoma, and expression positively-correlated with overall poor survival and prognosis of patients...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Carmen Ruggiero, Mauro Grossi, Giorgia Fragassi, Antonella Di Campli, Carmine Di Ilio, Alberto Luini, Michele Sallese
Membrane trafficking via the Golgi-localised KDEL receptor activates signalling cascades that coordinate both trafficking and other cellular functions, including autophagy and extracellular matrix degradation. In this study, we provide evidence that membrane trafficking activates KDEL receptor and the Src family kinases at focal adhesions of HeLa cells, where this phosphorylates ADP-ribosylation factor GTPase-activating protein with SH3 domain, ankyrin repeat and PH domain (ASAP)1 and focal adhesion kinase (FAK)...
February 13, 2018: Oncotarget
István Z Bátai, Ádám Horváth, Erika Pintér, Zsuzsanna Helyes, Gábor Pozsgai
Transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) non-selective ligand-gated cation channels are mostly expressed in primary sensory neurons. Polysulfides (POLYs) are Janus-faced substances interacting with numerous target proteins and associated with both protective and detrimental processes. Activation of TRPA1 in sensory neurons, consequent somatostatin (SOM) liberation and action on sst4 receptors have recently emerged as mediators of the antinociceptive effect of organic trisulfide dimethyl trisulfide (DMTS)...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
Satyanarayana Achanta, Narendranath Reddy Chintagari, Marian Brackmann, Shrilatha Balakrishna, Sven-Eric Jordt
The skin is highly sensitive to the chemical warfare agent in mustard gas, sulfur mustard (SM) that initiates a delayed injury response characterized by erythema, inflammation and severe vesication (blistering). Although SM poses a continuing threat, used as recently as in the Syrian conflict, no mechanism-based antidotes against SM are available. Recent studies demonstrated that Transient Receptor Potential Ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), a chemosensory cation channel in sensory nerves innervating the skin, is activated by SM and 2-chloroethyl ethyl sulfide (CEES), an SM analog, in vitro, suggesting it may promote vesicant injury...
March 10, 2018: Toxicology Letters
Vittorio Filippo Nicolis, Eduard Venter
Plants respond in a similar manner to aphid feeding as to pathogen attack. Diuraphis noxia is a specialist aphid, feeding only on selected grasses that include wheat, barley, and oats. The wheat-Diuraphis noxia interaction is characterized by very similar responses as seen in wheat-pathogen interactions with none of the underlying resistance pathways and genes characterized yet. From wheat harboring the Dn1 resistance gene, we have identified a nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat (NLR) gene containing two integrated domains (IDs)...
March 13, 2018: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
Amit Kumar, Mohanraj Gopalswamy, Annika Wolf, David J Brockwell, Mechthild Hatzfeld, Jochen Balbach
Cell cycle progression is tightly regulated by cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs). The ankyrin-repeat protein p19INK4d functions as a key regulator of G1/S transition; however, its molecular mode of action is unknown. Here, we combine cell and structural biology methods to unravel the mechanism by which p19INK4d controls cell cycle progression. We delineate how the stepwise phosphorylation of p19INK4d Ser66 and Ser76 by cell cycle-independent (p38) and -dependent protein kinases (CDK1), respectively, leads to local unfolding of the three N-terminal ankyrin repeats of p19INK4d This dissociates the CDK6-p19INK4d inhibitory complex and, thereby, activates CDK6...
March 12, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Andrés J Cortés, Matthew W Blair
Drought will reduce global crop production by >10% in 2050 substantially worsening global malnutrition. Breeding for resistance to drought will require accessing crop genetic diversity found in the wild accessions from the driest high stress ecosystems. Genome-environment associations (GEA) in crop wild relatives reveal natural adaptation, and therefore can be used to identify adaptive variation. We explored this approach in the food crop Phaseolus vulgaris L., characterizing 86 geo-referenced wild accessions using genotyping by sequencing (GBS) to discover single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)...
2018: Frontiers in Plant Science
Jakob Pugi, Manuel Carcao, Luke J Drury, Jacob C Langer
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS) theoretically maintains long-term splenic immune function for children with hereditary spherocytosis (HS). Our goal was to review our results after LPS and to determine if specific genetic mutations influence outcome. METHODS: All children with HS undergoing LPS between 2005 and 2016 were reviewed. RESULTS: Thirty-one children underwent LPS (16 male) at a median age of 9 (range 2-18) years...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
Azusa Majikina, Kenji Takahashi, Shigeru Saito, Makoto Tominaga, Toshio Ohta
Pulegone, one of avian repellents, is used to prevent the economic loss caused by birds. Chemical repellents often evoke unpleasant sensations and sensory irritation resulting in avoidance under some circumstances. It is recognized that some TRP channels expressing sensory neurons are related to nociception. Here we determined the molecular mechanisms of the repellent action of pulegone using isolated chicken sensory neurons and heterologous expression system. Pulegone increased the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+ ]i ) in chicken sensory neurons...
February 28, 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
Itaru Miura, Yasuto Kunii, Mizuki Hino, Hiroshi Hoshino, Junya Matsumoto, Keiko Kanno-Nozaki, Sho Horikoshi, Haruka Kaneko, Miki Bundo, Kazuya Iwamoto, Hirooki Yabe
Epigenetic modification including DNA methylation may affect pathophysiology and the response to antipsychotic drugs in patients with schizophrenia. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the DNA methylation of ANKK1 (ankyrin repeat and kinase domain containing 1) on the response to aripiprazole and plasma levels of monoamine metabolites in antipsychotic-free acute schizophrenia patients. The subjects were 34 Japanese patients with schizophrenia who had been treated with aripiprazole for 6 weeks...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
Daichi Utsumi, Kenjiro Matsumoto, Takuya Tsukahara, Kikuko Amagase, Makoto Tominaga, Shinichi Kato
Transient receptor potential (TRP) vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and TRP ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), which are non-selective cation channels, play important roles in the sensation of pain. This study investigated the roles of TRPV1 and TRPA1 in dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced murine colitis. DSS (2%) administered for 7 days caused severe colitis that was significantly less severe in TRPV1-deficient (TRPV1KO) and TRPA1-deficient (TRPA1KO) mice than that in wild-type (WT) mice. Similar colitis attenuations were observed in TRPV1KO and TRPA1KO mice but not in WT mice that had been transplanted with bone marrow cells from WT, TRPA1KO, or TRPV1KO mice...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Pharmacological Sciences
E Tóth, T Tornóczky, J Kneif, A Perkecz, K Katona, Z Piski, Á Kemény, I Gerlinger, J Szolcsányi, J Kun, E Pintér
BACKGROUND: Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a multifactorial upper airway disease with unclear etiology. Neuronal Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) and Ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) channels have been implicated in the pathogenesis of CRS. We aimed to detect the expression of extraneuronal TRPV1 and TRPA1 receptors in nasal polyp (NP) tissue samples. METHODOLOGY: Samples were obtained from fourty-two CRS pateints with nasal polyp and sixteen healthy controls to measure receptor gene expression by quantitative PCR, protein localization by immunohistochemistry and cytokine profile by multiplex bead immunoassay...
February 24, 2018: Rhinology
Konstantin R Malley, Olga Koroleva, Ian Miller, Ruslan Sanishvili, Christopher M Jenkins, Richard W Gross, Sergey Korolev
Calcium-independent phospholipase A2 β (iPLA2 β) regulates important physiological processes including inflammation, calcium homeostasis and apoptosis. It is genetically linked to neurodegenerative disorders including Parkinson's disease. Despite its known enzymatic activity, the mechanisms underlying iPLA2 β-induced pathologic phenotypes remain poorly understood. Here, we present a crystal structure of iPLA2 β that significantly revises existing mechanistic models. The catalytic domains form a tight dimer...
February 22, 2018: Nature Communications
Amrita Samanta, Taylor E T Hughes, Vera Y Moiseenkova-Bell
Transient Receptor Potential (TRP) channels are evolutionarily conserved integral membrane proteins. The mammalian TRP superfamily of ion channels consists of 28 cation permeable channels that are grouped into six subfamilies based on sequence homology (Fig. 6.1). The canonical TRP (TRPC) subfamily is known for containing the founding member of mammalian TRP channels. The vanilloid TRP (TRPV) subfamily has been extensively studied due to the heat sensitivity of its founding member. The melastatin-related TRP (TRPM) subfamily includes some of the few known bi-functional ion channels, which contain functional enzymatic domains...
2018: Sub-cellular Biochemistry
Xinyue Wang, Tianbang Li, Makiko Kashio, Yijuan Xu, Makoto Tominaga, Tatsuhiko Kadowaki
Solenopsis invicta , the red imported fire ant, represents one of the most devastating invasive species. To understand their sensory physiology, we identified and characterized their Hymenoptera-specific (Hs) TRPA channel, SiHsTRPA. Consistent with the sensory functions of SiHsTRPA, it is activated by heat, an electrophile, and an insect repellent. Nevertheless, SiHsTRPA does not respond to most of the honey bee ortholog (AmHsTRPA)-activating compounds. The jewel wasp ortholog (NvHsTRPA) is activated by these compounds even though it outgroups both AmHsTRPA and SiHsTRPA...
January 2018: ENeuro
Ruikang Liu, Bernard Moss
Type I interferons (IFNs) induce expression of more than 300 cellular genes that provide protection against viruses and other pathogens. For survival, viruses evolved defenses to prevent the IFN response or counteract the IFN-induced antiviral state. However, because viruses and cells co-evolved, the dynamic relationship between virus and host is difficult to discern. In the present study, we demonstrated that vaccinia virus with a large deletion near the left end of the genome had a diminished ability to replicate in cells that had been pre-treated with IFNβ, suggesting that one or more of the missing 17 open reading frames (ORFs) encodes an antagonist of the IFN-induced antiviral state...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Virology
Ádám Horváth, Valéria Tékus, Noémi Bencze, Nikolett Szentes, Bálint Scheich, Kata Bölcskei, Éva Szőke, Attila Mócsai, Éva Tóth-Sarudy, Péter Mátyus, Erika Pintér, Zsuzsanna Helyes
Semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) produces tissue irritants by deamination of primary amines, which activate transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1) and vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) receptors expressed predominantly on nociceptors. Since there are no data about its functions in pain, we studied the effects and mechanisms of action of our novel SSAO inhibitor and dual TRPA1/TRPV1 antagonist multi-target drug SZV 1287 in different pain models. Acute chemonociception was induced by TRPV1 and TRPA1 activation (resiniferatoxin and formalin, respectively), chronic arthritis by K/BxN serum transfer, traumatic mononeuropathy by sciatic nerve ligation...
February 10, 2018: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Lei Fang, Yu Wang, Xuejun Chen
Hereditary gingival fibromatosis (HGF) is a benign, non-hemorrhagic and fibrous gingival overgrowth that may cover all or part of the teeth. It typically interferes with speech, lip closure and chewing, and can also be a psychological burden that affects the self-esteem of patients. Owing to high genetic heterogeneity, genetic testing to confirm diagnosis is not justified. It is therefore important to identify key signature genes and to understand the molecular mechanisms underlying HGF. The aim of the present study was to determine HGF-related genes and to analyze these genes through bioinformatics methods...
February 2018: Biomedical Reports
Xiaohong Li, Lin Liao, Xuelian Deng, Jian Huang, Zengfu Deng, Hongying Wei, Wuning Mo, Faquan Lin
A family of four from the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region of China, including a child with α-thalassaemia and hereditary spherocytosis (HS), underwent laboratory identification, and genetic analysis. After harvesting peripheral blood samples from the child patient and his family members, GAP-polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and reverse dot-blot tests were used to identify thalassaemia genotypes. After amplifying exons and the adjacent introns of solute carrier family 4 member 1 (Diego blood group) (SLC4A1), ankyrin 1, spectrin α erythrocytic 1, spectrin β erythrocytic and erythrocyte membrane protein band 4...
February 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Xiaobo Yu, Rebecca R Noll, Barbara P Romero Dueñas, Samual C Allgood, Kristi Barker, Jeffrey L Caplan, Matthias P Machner, Joshua LaBaer, Ji Qiu, M Ramona Neunuebel
BACKGROUND: The intracellular bacterial pathogen Legionella pneumophila proliferates in human alveolar macrophages, resulting in a severe pneumonia termed Legionnaires' disease. Throughout the course of infection, L. pneumophila remains enclosed in a specialized membrane compartment that evades fusion with lysosomes. The pathogen delivers over 300 effector proteins into the host cell, altering host pathways in a manner that sets the stage for efficient pathogen replication. The L. pneumophila effector protein AnkX targets host Rab GTPases and functions in preventing fusion of the Legionella-containing vacuole with lysosomes...
January 5, 2018: BMC Microbiology
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