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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166687/-how-probable-is-it-that-seniors-using-an-e-bike-will-have-an-accident-a-new-health-care-topic-also-for-consulting-doctors
#1
Raphael Weiss, Christian Juhra, Britta Wieskötter, Udo Weiss, Susanne Jung, Michael Raschke
Background In Germany there are more than 70 million bicycles. Because of technical progress, over 200,000 electro-assisted bikes were sold in Germany in 2010 alone. In 2013, the number increased to 410,000. Currently more than 1.6 million electric bicycles are used here. One of the largest user groups are seniors. Accident researchers fear an increased risk of accidents/injuries. Methods For one year, all cycling accidents involving electric bicycles and senior citizens were collected and analysed in 23 hospitals of the TraumaNetwork NorthWest and by the local police authorities...
November 22, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166576/the-beneficial-health-aspects-of-sea-buckthorn-elaeagnus-rhamnoides-l-a-nelson-oil
#2
REVIEW
Beata Olas
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL CONTEXT: Plant oils are known to have biological activity. This review paper summarizes the current knowledge of the composition of sea buckthorn (Elaeagnus rhamnoides (L.) A.Nelson) seed and pulp oil and its beneficial health aspects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro and in vivo studies on humans and animals have found sea buckthorn oil to have a variety of beneficial properties to human health, and indicate that it may be a valuable component of human and animal nutrition...
November 19, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166569/breastfeeding-among-women-with-physical-disabilities-in-the-united-states
#3
Robyn M Powell, Monika Mitra, Suzanne C Smeltzer, Linda M Long-Bellil, Lauren D Smith, Eliana Rosenthal, Lisa I Iezzoni
BACKGROUND: The benefits of breastfeeding are well established, and breastfeeding is now widely practiced in the United States. Although increasing numbers of women with physical disabilities are having children, little information is available about breastfeeding practices among these women. Nonetheless, the children of women with physical disabilities should benefit from breastfeeding just as children of nondisabled mothers do. Research aim: This study aimed to explore the facilitators and barriers to breastfeeding among women with physical disabilities...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166439/the-geographic-information-system-applied-to-study-schistosomiasis-in-pernambuco
#4
Verônica Santos Barbosa, Rodrigo Moraes Loyo, Ricardo José de Paula Souza E Guimarães, Constança Simões Barbosa
OBJECTIVE: Diagnose risk environments for schistosomiasis in coastal localities of Pernambuco using geoprocessing techniques. METHODS: A coproscopic and malacological survey were carried out in the Forte Orange and Serrambi areas. Environmental variables (temperature, salinity, pH, total dissolved solids and water fecal coliform dosage) were collected from Biomphalaria breeding sites or foci. The spatial analysis was performed using ArcGis 10.1 software, applying the kernel estimator, elevation map, and distance map...
2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166395/labour-trafficking-challenges-and-opportunities-from-an-occupational-health-perspective
#5
Elena Ronda-Pérez, Bente E Moen
In this essay for the collection on Human Trafficking, Exploitation, and Health, Elena Ronda-Perez and colleague discuss ways occupational health services can detect and address labour trafficking.
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166368/public-health-economic-burden-associated-with-two-single-measles-case-investigations-colorado-2016-2017
#6
Grace E Marx, Jennifer Chase, Joseph Jasperse, Kaylan Stinson, Carol E McDonald, Janine K Runfola, Jillian Jaskunas, Donna Hite, Meghan Barnes, Michele Askenazi, Bernadette Albanese
During July 2016-January 2017, two unrelated measles cases were identified in the Denver, Colorado area after patients traveled to countries with endemic measles transmission. Each case resulted in multiple exposures at health care facilities and public venues, and activated an immediate and complex response by local and state public health agencies, with activities led by the Tri-County Health Department (TCHD), which serves Adams, Arapahoe, and Douglas counties. To track the economic burden associated with investigating and responding to single measles cases, personnel hours and supply costs incurred during each investigation were tracked prospectively...
November 24, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166355/restoring-faculty-vitality-in-academic-medicine-when-burnout-threatens
#7
Darshana T Shah, Valerie N Williams, Luanne E Thorndyke, E Eugene Marsh, Roberta E Sonnino, Steven M Block, Thomas R Viggiano
Increasing rates of burnout-with accompanying stress and lack of engagement-among faculty, residents, students, and practicing physicians have caused alarm in academic medicine. Central to the debate among academic medicine's stakeholders are oft-competing issues of social accountability; cost containment; effectiveness of academic medicine's institutions; faculty recruitment, retention, and satisfaction; increasing expectations for faculty; and mission-based productivity.The authors propose that understanding and fostering what contributes to faculty and institutional vitality is central to preventing burnout during times of change...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166249/qualitative-exploration-of-cross-sector-perspectives-on-the-contributions-of-local-health-departments-in-land-use-and-transportation-policy
#8
Meera Sreedhara, Karin Valentine Goins, Semra A Aytur, Rodney Lyn, Jay E Maddock, Robin Riessman, Thomas L Schmid, Heather Wooten, Stephenie C Lemon
INTRODUCTION: Transportation and land-use policies can affect the physical activity of populations. Local health departments (LHDs) are encouraged to participate in built-environment policy processes, which are outside their traditional expertise. Cross-sector collaborations are needed, yet stakeholders' perceptions of LHD involvement are not well understood. The objective of this study was to describe the perceived value of LHD participation in transportation and land-use decision making and potential contributions to these processes among stakeholders...
November 22, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166243/building-capacity-for-evidence-based-public-health-reconciling-the-pulls-of-practice-and-the-push-of-research
#9
Ross C Brownson, Jonathan E Fielding, Lawrence W Green
Timely implementation of principles of evidence-based public health (EBPH) is critical for bridging the gap between discovery of new knowledge and its application. Public health organizations need sufficient capacity (the availability of resources, structures, and workforce to plan, deliver, and evaluate the preventive dose of an evidence-based intervention) to move science to practice. We review principles of EBPH, the importance of capacity building to advance evidence-based approaches, promising approaches for capacity building, and future areas for research and practice...
November 20, 2017: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166138/medical-drama-viewing-and-healthy-lifestyle-behaviors-understanding-the-role-of-health-locus-of-control-beliefs-and-education-level
#10
Sungsu Kim, Young Min Baek
The present study advances the understanding of how medical drama viewing influences healthy lifestyle behaviors (e.g., smoking, exercising, and consuming vegetables) by examining the role of the health locus of control (HLOC) beliefs and education level. An analysis of nationally representative data reveals that watching medical dramas is positively associated with chance and powerful others' HLOC beliefs. In addition, healthy lifestyle behaviors are positively associated with the internal HLOC belief and are negatively associated with the chance and powerful others' HLOC beliefs...
November 22, 2017: Health Communication
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165929/spatial-population-genomics-of-the-brown-rat-rattus-norvegicus-in-new-york-city
#11
Matthew Combs, Emily E Puckett, Jonathan Richardson, Destiny Mims, Jason Munshi-South
Human commensal species such as rodent pests are often widely distributed across cities and threaten both infrastructure and public health. Spatially-explicit population genomic methods provide insights into movements for cryptic pests that drive evolutionary connectivity across multiple spatial scales. We examined spatial patterns of neutral genome-wide variation in brown rats (Rattus norvegicus) across Manhattan, New York City (NYC) using 262 samples and 61,401 SNPs to understand: 1) relatedness among nearby individuals and the extent of spatial genetic structure in a discrete urban landscape; 2) the geographic origin of NYC rats, using a large, previously-published dataset of global rat genotypes; and 3) heterogeneity in gene flow across the city, particularly deviations from isolation-by-distance...
November 22, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165710/risk-of-soft-tissue-sarcoma-among-69-460-five-year-survivors-of-childhood-cancer-in-europe
#12
Chloe J Bright, Mike M Hawkins, David L Winter, Daniela Alessi, Rodrigue S Allodji, Francesca Bagnasco, Edit Bárdi, Andrea Bautz, Julianne Byrne, Elizabeth A M Feijen, Miranda M Fidler, Stanislaw Garwicz, Desiree Grabow, Thorgerdur Gudmundsdottir, Joyeeta Guha, Nadia Haddy, Momcilo Jankovic, Peter Kaatsch, Melanie Kaiser, Claudia E Kuehni, Helena Linge, Hilde Øfstaas, Cecile M Ronckers, Roderick Skinner, Jop C Teepen, Monica Terenziani, Giao Vu-Bezin, Finn Wesenberg, Thomas Wiebe, Carlotta Sacerdote, Zsuzsanna Jakab, Riccardo Haupt, Päivi Lähteenmäki, Lorna Zadravec Zaletel, Rahel Kuonen, Jeanette F Winther, Florent de Vathaire, Leontien C Kremer, Lars Hjorth, Raoul C Reulen
Background: Childhood cancer survivors are at risk of subsequent primary soft-tissue sarcomas (STS), but the risks of specific STS histological subtypes are unknown. We quantified the risk of STS histological subtypes after specific types of childhood cancer. Methods: We pooled data from 13 European cohorts, yielding a cohort of 69 460 five-year survivors of childhood cancer. Standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) and absolute excess risks (AERs) were calculated. Results: Overall, 301 STS developed compared with 19 expected (SIR = 15...
November 20, 2017: Journal of the National Cancer Institute
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165683/systematic-review-occupational-illness-in-the-waste-and-recycling-sector
#13
C J M Poole, S Basu
Background: The waste and recycling sector is a growing part of industry. Whether health surveillance is indicated and how it should be undertaken is unclear. Aims: To undertake a review of the literature to identify hazards to health, biological effects and occupational illnesses for workers in the sector. Methods: A systematic review of the published literature and two UK databases. Results: Rates of fatal, non-fatal injuries and self-reported work-related illness were found to be higher in the waste and recycling sector than in UK industry as a whole...
November 20, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165641/how-to-do-or-not-to-do-%C3%A2-measuring-health-worker-motivation-in-surveys-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#14
J Borghi, J Lohmann, E Dale, F Meheus, J Goudge, K Oboirien, A Kuwawenaruwa
A health system's ability to deliver quality health care depends on the availability of motivated health workers, which are insufficient in many low income settings. Increasing policy and researcher attention is directed towards understanding what drives health worker motivation and how different policy interventions affect motivation, as motivation is key to performance and quality of care outcomes. As a result, there is growing interest among researchers in measuring motivation within health worker surveys...
November 20, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165623/effects-of-pharmacologic-and-nonpharmacologic-interventions-on-insomnia-symptoms-and-subjective-sleep-quality-in-women-with-hot-flashes-a-pooled-analysis-of-individual-participant-data-from-4-msflash-trials
#15
Katherine A Guthrie, Joseph C Larson, Kristine E Ensrud, Garnet L Anderson, Janet S Carpenter, Ellen W Freeman, Hadine Joffe, Andrea Z LaCroix, JoAnn E Manson, Charles M Morin, Katherine M Newton, Julie Otte, Susan D Reed, Susan M McCurry
Study Objectives: The Menopause Strategies: Finding Lasting Answers for Symptoms and Health network conducted three randomized clinical trials (RCT) testing six interventions treating vasomotor symptoms (VMS), and also collected self-reported sleep outcomes. A fourth RCT assessed an intervention for insomnia symptoms among women with VMS. We describe these seven interventions' effects relative to control in women with comparably severe insomnia symptoms and VMS. Methods: We analyzed pooled individual-level data from 546 peri- and postmenopausal women with Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) >12, and ≥14 bothersome VMS/week across the four RCTs...
November 20, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165614/long-term-health-in-recipients-of-transplanted-in-vitro-propagated-spermatogonial-stem-cells
#16
Callista L Mulder, Lisa A E Catsburg, Yi Zheng, Cindy M de Winter-Korver, Saskia K M van Daalen, Madelon van Wely, Steven Pals, Sjoerd Repping, Ans M M van Pelt
STUDY QUESTION: Is testicular transplantation of in vitro propagated spermatogonial stem cells associated with increased cancer incidence and decreased survival rates in recipient mice? SUMMARY ANSWER: Cancer incidence was not increased and long-term survival rate was not altered after transplantation of in vitro propagated murine spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) in busulfan-treated recipients as compared to non-transplanted busulfan-treated controls. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Spermatogonial stem cell autotransplantation (SSCT) is a promising experimental reproductive technique currently under development to restore fertility in male childhood cancer survivors...
November 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165539/management-of-musculoskeletal-conditions-in-rural-south-australia-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
E Dent, E Hoon, J Karnon, A Kitson, J Dollard, J Newbury, G Harvey, T Gill, J Beilby
With age, the prevalence of musculoskeletal conditions increases markedly. This rural-based study determined the benefits of two approaches for managing musculoskeletal conditions: a multiple-component 'Self-management Plus' intervention, and usual care. The intervention combined self-management education with physical activity and health professional support. 6-month outcomes included: Clinical Global Impression-Improvement Scale (CGI-IS) and Quality of Life (QoL). A total of 145 people were recruited; mean (SD) age was 66...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165412/-stabilizing-effectiveness-of-orthokeratology-and-long-term-minute-concentration-atropine-therapy-in-myopia-draft-report
#18
T Yu Verzhanskaya, E P Tarutta
The rational for the study was the high prevalence of myopia in the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), myopia is one of the five leading causes of blindness and low vision. Of recent reports on conservative measures for the stabilization of myopia, two areas of investigation deserve attention: methods of optical correction that affect peripheral refraction, orthokeratology lenses (OKL) in particular, and pharmacotherapy. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness and safety of myopia control in pediatric patients by combining two methods - OKL wearing and instillation of extra low doses of atropine (0...
2017: Vestnik Oftalmologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165370/vitamin-e-bioavailability-mechanisms-of-intestinal-absorption-in-the-spotlight
#19
REVIEW
Emmanuelle Reboul
Vitamin E is an essential fat-soluble micronutrient whose effects on human health can be attributed to both antioxidant and non-antioxidant properties. A growing number of studies aim to promote vitamin E bioavailability in foods. It is thus of major interest to gain deeper insight into the mechanisms of vitamin E absorption, which remain only partly understood. It was long assumed that vitamin E was absorbed by passive diffusion, but recent data has shown that this process is actually far more complex than previously thought...
November 22, 2017: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165351/an-optical-interferometric-triaxial-displacement-sensor-for-structural-health-monitoring-characterization-of-sliding-and-debonding-for-a-delamination-process
#20
Chen Zhu, Yizheng Chen, Yiyang Zhuang, Yang Du, Rex E Gerald, Yan Tang, Jie Huang
This paper presents an extrinsic Fabry-Perot interferometer-based optical fiber sensor (EFPI) for measuring three-dimensional (3D) displacements, including interfacial sliding and debonding during delamination. The idea employs three spatially arranged EFPIs as the sensing elements. In our sensor, the three EFPIs are formed by three endfaces of three optical fibers and their corresponding inclined mirrors. Two coincident roof-like metallic structures are used to support the three fibers and the three mirrors, respectively...
November 22, 2017: Sensors
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