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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779300/coroners-recommendations-for-prevention-of-resident-deaths-in-aged-care-the-role-of-primary-care-providers
#1
Georgia Aitken, Athena Demosthenous, Lyndal Bugeja, Melissa Willoughby, Carmel Young, Joseph E Ibrahim
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Currently, very little is known about how coroners consider a role for general practitioners (GPs) and registered nurses (RNs) in recommendations for the prevention of premature death. Involving these professions in recommendations generally directed towards government organisations or residential aged care providers and management may contribute to more successful broader policy changes. The aim of this article was to examine whether coroners' recommendations describe a specific role for GPs and RNs in the prevention of premature death in residential aged care settings and, if so, what domains of practice were considered...
May 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779261/better-diet-quality-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-severe-periodontitis-in-us-hispanics-latinos
#2
Christian R Salazar, Nadia Laniado, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Luisa N Borrell, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Douglas E Morse, Richard H Singer, Robert C Kaplan, Victor Badner, Ira B Lamster
AIM: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18-74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24hr dietary recalls during 2008-2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥ 5mm...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779204/hypertensive-disorders-of-pregnancy-and-subsequent-maternal-cardiovascular-health
#3
Nienke E Bergen, Sarah Schalekamp-Timmermans, Jolien Roos-Hesselink, Jeanine E Roeters van Lennep, Vincent V W Jaddoe, Eric A P Steegers
To examine associations between hypertensive pregnancy disorders and maternal cardiovascular disease (CVD) in later life. We examined the associations between blood pressure (BP) in pregnancy, gestational hypertension (GH) and preeclampsia (PE) with cardiovascular measurements 6 years after index pregnancy among 4912 women participating in the Generation R Study, the Netherlands. BP, left ventricular mass (LV mass), aortic root diameter (AOD), left atrial diameter, fractional shortening, and carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV)...
May 19, 2018: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779074/health-information-seeking-behavior-among-college-students
#4
Corey H Basch, Sarah A MacLean, Rachelle-Ann Romero, Danna Ethan
Individuals have a wide range of resources when searching for health topics. The aim of this research was twofold: (1) to identify and assess the resources college students use when exercising health information seeking behavior (HISB); and (2) to examine perceptions and behaviors regarding adoption of online tools. A questionnaire was developed to assess HISB in a sample of college students. Items pertaining to HISB were adapted from a Health Information National Trends Survey with permission from the National Cancer Institute at the National Institutes of Health...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779065/digital-technologies-in-the-treatment-of-anxiety-recent-innovations-and-future-directions
#5
REVIEW
Joseph Firth, John Torous, Rebekah Carney, Jill Newby, Theodore D Cosco, Helen Christensen, Jerome Sarris
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the efficacy, limitations, and future of e-health treatments for anxiety. Within this, we provide detail on "first-generation" e-health approaches, such as computerized therapies. Additionally, we assess the emergence and early efficacy of newer methods of treatment delivery, including smartphone apps and virtual reality interventions, discussing the potential and pitfalls for each. RECENT FINDINGS: There is now substantial clinical research demonstrating the efficacy of internet-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy in the treatment of anxiety...
May 19, 2018: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779014/current-insights-on-use-of-growth-factors-as-therapy-for-intervertebral-disc-degeneration
#6
Justin C Kennon, Mohamed E Awad, Norman Chutkan, John DeVine, Sadanand Fulzele
Chronic low back pain is a critical health problem and a leading cause of disability in aging populations. A major cause of low back pain is considered to be the degeneration of the intervertebral disc (IVD). Recent advances in therapeutics, particularly cell and tissue engineering, offer potential methods for inhibiting or reversing IVD degeneration, which have previously been impossible. The use of growth factors is under serious consideration as a potential therapy to enhance IVD tissue regeneration. We reviewed the role of chosen prototypical growth factors and growth factor combinations that have the capacity to improve IVD restoration...
May 19, 2018: Biomolecular Concepts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778969/social-support-under-siege-an-analysis-of-forced-migration-among-women-from-the-democratic-republic-of-congo
#7
Karin Wachter, Lauren E Gulbas
In 2016, researchers conducted a qualitative study in a mid-sized town in the United States to address gaps in research and practice related to psychosocial consequences of forced migration among women. The loss of social support and its impacts on the well-being of women are rarely addressed in refugee resettlement policy or practice overwhelmingly concerned with economic self-sufficiency. The study sought to develop theory to explain how women (n = 27) who migrated from the Democratic Republic of the Congo recreate social support post-resettlement in the United States...
May 3, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778886/perspectives-of-uv-nowcasting-to-monitor-personal-pro-health-outdoor-activities
#8
Janusz W Krzyścin, Aleksandra Lesiak, Joanna Narbutt, Piotr Sobolewski, Jakub Guzikowski
Nowcasting model for online monitoring of personal outdoor behaviour is proposed. It is envisaged that it will provide an effective e-tool used by smartphone users. The model could estimate maximum duration of safe (without erythema risk) outdoor activity. Moreover, there are options to estimate duration of sunbathing to get adequate amount of vitamin D3 and doses necessary for the antipsoriatic heliotherapy. The application requires information of starting time of sunbathing and the user's phototype. At the beginning the user will be informed of the approximate duration of sunbathing required to get the minimum erythemal dose, adequate amount of vitamin D3 , and the dose necessary for the antipsoriatic heliotherapy...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778832/glucocorticoid-metabolites-in-newborns-a-marker-for-traffic-noise-related-stress
#9
Manuella Lech Cantuaria, Jakob Usemann, Elena Proietti, Victoria Blanes-Vidal, Bernhard Dick, Christa E Flück, Simone Rüedi, Harris Héritier, Jean-Marc Wunderli, Philipp Latzin, Urs Frey, Martin Röösli, Danielle Vienneau
BACKGROUND: Traffic noise has been associated with an increased risk for several non-auditory health effects, which may be explained by a noise-induced release of stress hormones (e.g. glucocorticoids). Although several studies in children and adults have indicated an increased secretion of glucocorticoids after exposure to noise, information regarding newborns is scarce. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association between residential exposure to road traffic noise and postnatal stress response, as assessed by the concentration of glucocorticoids at five weeks of age...
May 17, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778717/first-time-mothers-expectations-of-the-unknown-territory-of-childbirth-uncertainties-coping-strategies-and-going-with-the-flow
#10
Sara E Borrelli, Denis Walsh, Helen Spiby
OBJECTIVE: To explore first-time mothers' expectations of labour and birth, coping strategies they adopt during pregnancy towards childbirth and coping strategies they expect to use during labour and birth. DESIGN: A qualitative Straussian grounded theory methodology was adopted, with data collected through semi-structured interviews in the third trimester of pregnancy. Ethical approval was gained. Data analysis included the processes of coding and conceptualising data, with constant comparison between data, literature and memos...
May 7, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778671/international-study-of-comparative-health-effectiveness-with-medical-and-invasive-approaches-ischemia-trial-rationale-and-design
#11
David J Maron, Judith S Hochman, Sean M O'Brien, Harmony R Reynolds, William E Boden, Gregg W Stone, Sripal Bangalore, John A Spertus, Daniel B Mark, Karen P Alexander, Leslee Shaw, Jeffrey S Berger, T Bruce Ferguson, David O Williams, Robert A Harrington, Yves Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Prior trials comparing a strategy of optimal medical therapy with or without revascularization have not shown that revascularization reduces cardiovascular events in patients with stable ischemic heart disease (SIHD). However, those trials only included participants in whom coronary anatomy was known prior to randomization and did not include sufficient numbers of participants with significant ischemia. It remains unknown whether a routine invasive approach offers incremental value over a conservative approach with catheterization reserved for failure of medical therapy in patients with moderate or severe ischemia...
April 21, 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778590/sternoclavicular-joint-palpation-pain-the-shoulder-s-waddell-sign
#12
Brent A Ponce, Adam T Archie, Shawna L Watson, Parke W Hudson, Mariano E Menendez, Gerald McGwin, Eugene W Brabston
BACKGROUND: Pain is a complex and subjective reality and can be magnified by nonorganic or nonanatomic sources. Multiple studies have demonstrated a correlation between psychological factors and patients' perceptions of musculoskeletal pain and disability. In addition, nonorganic findings as part of the physical examination are well and long recognized. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relationship between a shoulder examination test, palpation of the sternoclavicular joint (SCJ), and psychosocial conditions including chronic pain, depression, and anxiety...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778484/effect-of-grain-or-by-product-based-concentrate-fed-with-early-or-late-harvested-first-cut-grass-silage-on-dairy-cow-performance
#13
D Pang, T Yan, E Trevisi, S J Krizsan
This study compared the effects of a grain-based conventional concentrate (GC) and a concentrate based on agro-industrial by-products (BC), fed with grass silage harvested at early (ES) or late (LS) maturity stage, on dairy performance, CH4 and CO2 emissions, and metabolic status of dairy cows. Twenty lactating Nordic Red cows averaging 81 d in milk and 31.9 kg of milk/d pre-trial were assigned to a replicated 4 × 4 Latin square design. Dietary treatments were in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. The silages were harvested 2 wk apart from the same primary growth grass ley...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778481/health-benefits-of-orally-administered-anti-il-10-antibody-in-milk-fed-dairy-calves
#14
S M Raabis, T L Ollivett, M E Cook, J M Sand, S M McGuirk
The primary objective of this randomized controlled trial was to determine whether anti-IL-10 egg yolk antibodies fed upon arrival to a calf ranch would lower the prevalence of Cryptosporidium parvum shedding in naturally challenged preweaned dairy calves. The secondary objectives included measuring the effect of anti-IL-10 antibodies on calf health, performance, and shedding of less common diarrheal pathogens. A total of 133 calves, enrolled at 24 to 72 h of age, received a daily dose of 0.96 g of egg yolk powder with anti-IL-10 antibodies (MAB, n = 71) or without anti-IL-10 antibodies (MEP, n = 62) split between 2 feedings for the first 11 d on feed at a calf ranch...
May 16, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778343/community-pharmacy-minor-ailment-services-in-england-pharmacy-stakeholder-perspectives-on-the-factors-affecting-sustainability
#15
Hamde Nazar, Zachariah Nazar
BACKGROUND: Self-care advice and management of minor ailments have long been provided in community pharmacies across England. However, formal pharmacy minor ailment service provision is geographically variable and has yet to gain recognition and political support as a valued sustainable service for nationwide adoption and commissioning. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the sustainability potential of pharmacy minor ailment services from the perspective of community pharmacy stakeholders within the North East of England...
May 14, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778318/quality-specifications-for-articles-of-botanical-origin-from-the-united-states-pharmacopeia
#16
Cuiying Ma, Hellen Oketch-Rabah, Nam-Cheol Kim, Maria Monagas, Anton Bzhelyansky, Nandakumara Sarma, Gabriel Giancaspro
BACKGROUND: In order to define appropriate quality of botanical dietary supplements, botanical drugs, and herbal medicines, the United States Pharmacopeia (USP) and the Herbal Medicines Compendium (HMC) contain science-based quality standards that include multiple interrelated tests to provide a full quality characterization for each article in terms of its identity, purity, and content. PURPOSE: To provide a comprehensive description of the pharmacopeial tests and requirements for articles of botanical origin in the aforementioned compendia...
April 10, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778317/appropriate-use-of-noninvasive-ischemia-testing-to-guide-revascularization-decision-making-following-acute-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction-in-latin-american-countries-results-from-an-expert-panel-meeting-of-the-international-atomic-energy-agency
#17
I Berrocal, A Peix, F Mut, L J Shaw, G Karthikeyan, E Estrada Lobato, D Paez
Across Latin American and Caribbean countries, cardiovascular disease and especially ischemic heart disease is currently the main cause of death both in men and in women. For most Latin American and Caribbean countries, public and community health efforts aim to define care strategies which are both clinically and cost effective and promote primary and secondary prevention, resulting in improved patient outcomes. The optimal approach to deal with acute events such as ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is a matter of controversy; however, there is an expanding role for assessing residual ischemic burden in STEMI patients following primary percutaneous coronary intervention...
May 16, 2018: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778306/proton-pump-inhibitors-prescriptions-in-france-main-trends-from-2006-to-2016-on-french-health-insurance-database
#18
Quentin Boucherie, Franck Rouby, Diane Frankel, Patrice Roll, Joelle Micallef
Because national data on proton pump inbibitors (PPIs) consumption in France are scarce and because there is a growing literature on potential adverse drug reaction induced by this pharmacological class, we would like to more describe the main evolution of PPI use and the main characteristics of its users in France. We used a 1/97th representative sample of beneficiaries of the French health insurance called "échantillon généraliste des bénéficiaires" (EGB) to describe PPIs' use over time (duration of use by year) from 2006 to 2016...
March 7, 2018: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778183/high-genetic-diversity-of-extended-spectrum-%C3%AE-lactamases-producing-escherichia-coli-in-feces-of-horses
#19
Syndia Sadikalay, Yann Reynaud, Stéphanie Guyomard-Rabenirina, Mélanie Falord, Célia Ducat, Laetitia Fabre, Simon Le Hello, Antoine Talarmin, Séverine Ferdinand
Extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs), especially those of the CTX-M type, represent a major public health problem throughout the world. Although the carriage of ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae (EPE) in feces of horses is now well recognized, little is known about the diversity of EPE after treatment of horses with antibiotics. We undertook this study to assess and follow the diversity of EP Escherichia coli isolated from horses after antibiotic treatment for an infection. Fecal samples from two horses treated and two that were untreated were tested for the presence of EPE on different days...
June 2018: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778157/airborne-bioaerosols-and-their-impact-on-human-health
#20
REVIEW
Ki-Hyun Kim, Ehsanul Kabir, Shamin Ara Jahan
Bioaerosols consist of aerosols originated biologically such as metabolites, toxins, or fragments of microorganisms that are present ubiquitously in the environment. International interests in bioaerosols have increased rapidly to broaden the pool of knowledge on their identification, quantification, distribution, and health impacts (e.g., infectious and respiratory diseases, allergies, and cancer). However, risk assessment of bioaerosols based on conventional culture methods has been hampered further by several factors such as: (1) the complexity of microorganisms or derivatives to be investigated; (2) the purpose, techniques, and locations of sampling; and (3) the lack of valid quantitative criteria (e...
May 2018: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
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