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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823131/effect-of-wheat-bran-and-dried-carrot-pomace-addition-on-quality-characteristics-of-chicken-sausage
#1
Sanjay Yadav, Ashok K Pathera, Rayees Ul Islam, Ashok K Malik, Diwakar P Sharma
Objective: Effect of addition of wheat bran (WB) and dried carrot pomace (DCP) on sensory, textural, colour, physico-chemical and nutritional characteristics of chicken sausage were evaluated. Methods: WB and DCP were used as a source of dietary fibre at 3%, 6% and 9% level individually. Different quality attributes of sausages were estimated. One product from each source with very good sensory acceptability was selected to analyze dietary fibre content and shelf life under refrigerated storage...
August 16, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820785/collective-efficacy-physical-activity-and-health-outcomes-among-mothers
#2
Deirdre Dlugonski, Bhibha M Das, Tiesha R Martin, Autumn Palmer
Motherhood is associated with low rates of physical activity that increase disease risk. Most theory-based approaches to increasing physical activity focus on personal rather than social factors. The purpose of this study was to examine the associations among perceptions of community collective efficacy and objectively measured physical activity, self-efficacy, social support, and health. Mothers completed questionnaires and wore a pedometer for 7 days. There was a significant, positive association between physical activity and collective efficacy-social cohesion subscale...
October 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820288/cohesive-silicone-gel-implants-with-smooth-textured-or-polyurethane-coated-surface-to-restore-volume-in-eviscerated-sockets
#3
Cristiano Abreu, Seizo Yamashita, Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Marilia Modolo, Claudia H Pellizzon, Carlos R Padovani, Mariangela E A Marques, Silvana A Schellini
The purpose of this article is to evaluate the three different surface coating on cohesive silicone gel implants in eviscerated rabbit eye sockets. Forty-five albino rabbits underwent right eye evisceration and received hemisphere-shaped cohesive silicone gel implants with smooth (Group 1), textured (Group 2), or polyurethane-coated surface (Group 3) in the socket. The animals were euthanized at 7, 30, and 90 days postoperatively. Computed tomography of the orbits was performed prior to euthanasia. Subsequently, the orbital contents were removed and underwent histologic and morphometric examination...
August 18, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820230/are-you-ready-crisis-leadership-in-a-hyper-vuca-environment
#4
Khaldoon H Alkhaldi, Meredith L Austin, Boris A Cura, Darrell Dantzler, Leslie Holland, David L Maples, Jamie C Quarrelles, Robert K Weinkle, Leonard J Marcus
The current hyper-volatile, -uncertain, -complex, and -ambiguous (VUCA) threat environment demands a more cohesive support structure for crisis leaders who may be faced with crises of increasing magnitude and frequency and, in some instances, multiple crisis events simultaneously. The project team investigates the perceptions of crisis leaders regarding establishing a crisis leader advisor position for crisis leaders to benefit from their experience while prosecuting crisis response activities. The team linked hyper-VUCA crises, crisis response frameworks, meta-leadership, crisis leader attributes, and advisor attributes...
March 2017: Journal of Emergency Management: JEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819029/loss-of-the-tumor-suppressor-stag2-promotes-telomere-recombination-and-extends-the-replicative-lifespan-of-normal-human-cells
#5
Zharko Daniloski, Susan Smith
Sister chromatids are held together by cohesin, a tripartite ring with a peripheral SA1/2 subunit, where SA1 is required for telomere cohesion and SA2 for centromere cohesion. The STAG2 gene encoding SA2 is often inactivated in human cancer, but not in in a manner associated with aneuploidy. Thus, how these tumors maintain chromosomal cohesion and how STAG2 loss contributes to tumorigenesis remain open questions. Here we show that, despite a loss in centromere cohesion, sister chromatids in STAG2 mutant tumor cells maintain cohesion in mitosis at chromosome arms and telomeres...
August 17, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818732/family-factors-and-parenting-in-ukraine
#6
Viktor Burlaka, Sandra A Graham-Bermann, Jorge Delva
The present study aimed to estimate the use of positive and negative parenting practices in Ukraine and explore relationships between parenting practices, intimate partner violence (IPV), alcohol use, and sociodemographics. Parents of children (N=320) ages 9-16 from three Ukrainian regions answered questions from the Alabama Parenting Questionnaire (APQ), the Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS-R), Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scale (FACES), and the Alcohol Use Section of the Drinking and Drug History and Current Use Patterns questionnaire...
August 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817956/the-role-of-intrinsic-brain-functional-connectivity-in-vulnerability-and-resilience-to-bipolar-disorder
#7
Gaelle E Doucet, Danielle S Bassett, Nailin Yao, David C Glahn, Sophia Frangou
OBJECTIVE: Bipolar disorder is a heritable disorder characterized by mood dysregulation associated with brain functional dysconnectivity. Previous research has focused on the detection of risk- and disease-associated dysconnectivity in individuals with bipolar disorder and their first-degree relatives. The present study seeks to identify adaptive brain connectivity features associated with resilience, defined here as avoidance of illness or delayed illness onset in unaffected siblings of patients with bipolar disorder...
August 18, 2017: American Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816940/signet-ring-cell-carcinoma-of-early-gastric-cancer-is-endoscopic-treatment-really-risky
#8
Sun Hyung Kang, Joo Seok Kim, Hee Seok Moon, Eaum Seok Lee, Seok Hyun Kim, Jae Kyu Sung, Byung Seok Lee, Hyun Yong Jeong
Signet ring cell carcinoma (SRC) is a poorly differentiated cancer of the stomach. Generally, poorly differentiated cancer is believed to show poor prognosis and aggressive behavior. Recently, however, there is debate on the aggressiveness of SRC in early gastric cancer (EGC). We therefore studied postoperation biopsies to investigate the aggressiveness of SRC in EGC.We reviewed medical records of patients with EGC who had surgery from January 2011 to December 2015 in a tertiary hospital in Daejeon, South Korea...
August 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816043/electronic-muscles-and-skins-a-review-of-soft-sensors-and-actuators
#9
Dustin Chen, Qibing Pei
This article reviews several classes of compliant materials that can be utilized to fabricate electronic muscles and skins. Different classes of materials range from compliant conductors, semiconductors, to dielectrics, all of which play a vital and cohesive role in the development of next generation electronics. This paper covers recent advances in the development of new materials, as well as the engineering of well-characterized materials for the repurposing in applications of flexible and stretchable electronics...
August 17, 2017: Chemical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815684/cognitive-psychophysiological-treatment-of-bodily-focused-repetitive-behaviors-in-adults-an-open-trial
#10
Kieron O'Connor, Marc Lavoie, Benoît Desaulniers, Jean-Sébastien Audet
BACKGROUND: Body-focused repetitive behaviors (BFRBs), such as hair pulling, skin picking, and nail biting, are repetitive, destructive, and nonfunctional habits that cause significant distress. Separate BFRBs form a cohesive group and could be assessed as part of the Tourette/tic spectrum or obsessive-compulsive spectrum of disorders. The treatment of choice is either antidepressant or behavioral treatment, both of which have shown effectiveness. The cognitive psychophysiological (CoPs) model focuses on the tension and emotional build up that triggers habits by addressing cognitive-behavioral, emotional and psychophysiological processes preceding onset rather than the habit itself...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814104/factors-associated-with-low-neighborhood-cohesion-among-women-living-with-hiv-impacted-by-social-structural-inequities-in-british-columbia
#11
Kalysha Closson, Alexis K Palmer, Alexandra B Collins, Kate Salters, Wendy Zhang, Julio S G Montaner, Robert S Hogg, Surita Parashar
Built and social environments, including one's perception of their environment, are important determinants of health. The intersection of gender and HIV status may complicate the role of neighborhood cohesion in safety, personal well-being, and health outcomes for populations impacted by social and structural inequities. Among women in particular, social cohesion within the neighborhood they reside in may have a greater influence on health outcomes compared to their male counterparts. We sought to examine perception of neighborhood cohesion (validated scale with a range 0-100, with higher scores indicating higher perceived neighborhood cohesion) among women living with HIV, impacted by social-structural inequities, receiving combination antiretroviral therapy, and enrolled in the Longitudinal Investigations into Supportive Ancillary health services (LISA) study in British Columbia, Canada...
August 17, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813332/team-building-conceptual-methodological-and-applied-considerations
#12
REVIEW
Mark R Beauchamp, Desmond McEwan, Katrina J Waldhauser
Team building has been identified as an important method of improving the psychological climate in which teams operate, as well as overall team functioning. Within the context of sports, team building interventions have consistently been found to result in improvements in team effectiveness. In this paper we review the extant literature on team building in sport, and address a range of conceptual, methodological, and applied considerations that have the potential to advance theory, research, and applied intervention initiatives within the field...
August 2017: Current Opinion in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812991/the-retinoblastoma-rb-tumor-suppressor-pushing-back-against-genome-instability-on-multiple-fronts
#13
REVIEW
Renier Vélez-Cruz, David G Johnson
The retinoblastoma (RB) tumor suppressor is known as a master regulator of the cell cycle. RB is mutated or functionally inactivated in the majority of human cancers. This transcriptional regulator exerts its function in cell cycle control through its interaction with the E2F family of transcription factors and with chromatin remodelers and modifiers that contribute to the repression of genes important for cell cycle progression. Over the years, studies have shown that RB participates in multiple processes in addition to cell cycle control...
August 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812896/free-energy-of-nucleation-and-interplay-between-size-and-composition-in-cuni-systems
#14
Solene Bechelli, Brittany Gonzalez, Vincent Piquet, Ilham Essafri, Caroline Desgranges, Jerome Delhommelle
Using molecular simulation, we shed light on the crystal nucleation process in systems of Cu, Ni and their nanoalloy. For each system, we simulate the formation of the crystal nucleus along the entire nucleation pathway and determine the free energy barrier overcome by the system to form a critical nucleus. Comparing the results obtained for the pure metals to those for the nanoalloy, we analyze the impact of alloying on the free energy of nucleation, as well as on the size and structure of the crystal nucleus...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812377/a-cross-sectional-study-of-coping-resources-and-mental-health-of-chinese-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#15
Man Guo, Nadia Sabbagh Steinberg, Xinqi Dong, Agnes Tiwari
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the potential influence of coping resources at individual (sense of mastery), family (spousal and family support, children's filial piety), and community levels (community cohesion) on the mental health (depression, anxiety) of U.S. Chinese older adults. METHODS: The data were derived from the Population Study of Chinese Elderly in Chicago (N= 3,159). Negative binomial regressions were performed to predict depression and anxiety, respectively, by entering the three sets of coping resources separately and jointly, controlling for socio-demographic and acculturation variables...
August 16, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812251/in-vitro-study-of-influence-of-au-nanoparticles-on-ht29-and-spev-cell-lines
#16
Elena Pavlovich, Nataliia Volkova, Elena Yakymchuk, Olena Perepelitsyna, Michail Sydorenko, Anatoliy Goltsev
Cell culture models are excellent tools for potential toxicity of nanoparticles and fundamental investigations in cancer research. Thus, information about AuNP potential toxicity and effects on human health is necessary for the use of nanomaterials in clinical settings. The aim of our research is to examine the effects of AuNPs on the epithelial origin cell lines: continuous and oncogenic. Embryonic porcine kidney epithelial inoculated (SPEV) cell line and colorectal carcinoma cell line (HT29) were used. In the test cultures, the cell proliferation, necrosis/apoptosis, and multicellular spheroids generation were evaluated...
August 15, 2017: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811021/quantitative-analysis-of-major-and-trace-elements-in-nh4hf2-modified-silicate-rock-powders-by-laser-ablation-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#17
Wen Zhang, Zhaochu Hu, Yongsheng Liu, Wenwu Yang, Haihong Chen, Shenghong Hu, Hongyan Xiao
In this paper, we described a NH4HF2 digestion method as sample preparation for the rapid determination of major and trace elements in silicate rocks using laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS). Sample powders digested by NH4HF2 at 230 °C for 3 h form ultrafine powders with a typical grain size d80 < 8.5 μm, and various silicate rocks have a consistent grain morphology and size, allowing us to produce pressed powder pellets that have excellent cohesion and homogeneity suitable for laser ablation micro-analysis without the addition of binder...
August 29, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810488/the-effect-of-socioeconomic-status-and-social-inclusion-on-the-mental-health-of-chinese-migrants-a-comparison-between-interprovincial-and-intra-provincial-migrants
#18
Yingying Yi, Ying Liang
This article sought to explore the impacts of socioeconomic status and social inclusion on intra-provincial and interprovincial migrants' mental health by constructing the Bayesian structural equation model. A total of 14,584 migrants aged 15-59 years living in eight cities of China were selected. It was found that the impacts of socioeconomic status and social inclusion on mental health were converse for these two groups. And the manifest variables coefficients of socioeconomic status and social inclusion were also converse...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809774/high-prevalence-of-concurrent-male-male-partnerships-in-the-context-of-low-human-immunodeficiency-virus-testing-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-bamako-mali
#19
Avi Hakim, Padmaja Patnaik, Nouhoum Telly, Tako Ballo, Bouyagui Traore, Seydou Doumbia, Maria Lahuerta
BACKGROUND: Concurrent male-male sexual partnerships have been understudied in sub-Saharan Africa and are especially important because human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevalence and acquisition probability are higher among men who have sex with men (MSM) than among heterosexual men and women. METHODS: We conducted a respondent-driven sampling survey of 552 men who have sex with men in Bamako, Mali from October 2014 to February 2015. Eligibility criteria included 18 years or older, history of oral or anal sex with another man in the last 6 months, residence in or around Bamako in the last 6 months, ability to communicate in French...
September 2017: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806427/fixed-dental-prostheses-and-single-tooth-crowns-based-on-ceria-stabilized-tetragonal-zirconia-alumina-nanocomposite-frameworks-outcome-after-2-years-in-a-clinical-trial
#20
Fabian Hüttig, Jan P Keitel, Andreas Prutscher, Sebastian Spintzyk, Andrea Klink
PURPOSE: This clinical trial tested bilayered restorations based on ceria-stabilized tetragonal zirconia/alumina frameworks veneered with feldspathic ceramic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 67 crowns and 40 fixed dental prostheses (FDPs) were luted in 57 patients with self-etching/self-adhesive composite resin cement. Dental status and integrity of restorations were evaluated at 2 weeks, 6 months, and then annually. RESULTS: A total of 66 crowns and 36 FDPs (88% posterior) survived for success rates of 93...
August 14, 2017: International Journal of Prosthodontics
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