Read by QxMD icon Read

pertussis sa

U M Hallbauer, G Joubert, Y Goosen
BACKGROUND: Pertussis vaccination in the 1950s was associated with a decrease in the incidence of pertussis. A resurgence of pertussis has been documented, mainly in well-resourced countries since the 1990s. The burden of pertussis has not been well described in South Africa (SA). Epidemiological data are important for rational implementation of vaccination strategies. OBJECTIVE: To describe the morbidity and mortality of children with pertussis admitted to public sector hospitals in Bloemfontein, SA...
September 8, 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Nonhlanhla R Dlamini, Popo Maja
During the past two decades, immunisation has saved millions of lives and prevented countless illnesses and disabilities in South Africa(SA). However, vaccine-preventable diseases are still a threat. A vaccine-preventable disease that might lead to a 1- or 2-week illness in anadult, could prove deadly for infants, children or elderly people. Vaccination protects oneself and one's family. For example, adults are themost common source of pertussis (whooping cough) infection in infants, which can be deadly for the latter...
July 2016: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
Vipin M Vashishtha, Ajay Kalra, Anuradha Bose, Panna Choudhury, Vijay N Yewale, C P Bansal, Sailesh G Gupta
JUSTIFICATION: There is a need to review/revise recommendations about existing vaccines in light of recent developments in the field of vaccinology where new developments are taking place regularly at short intervals. PROCESS: Following an IAP ACVIP meeting on 3rd and 4th August, 2013, a draft of revised recommendations for the year 2013 and updates on certain new vaccine formulations was prepared and circulated among the meeting participants to arrive at a consensus...
December 2013: Indian Pediatrics
Mathew T Mizwicki, Guanghao Liu, Milan Fiala, Larry Magpantay, James Sayre, Avi Siani, Michelle Mahanian, Rachel Weitzman, Eric Y Hayden, Mark J Rosenthal, Ilka Nemere, John Ringman, David B Teplow
As immune defects in amyloid-β (Aβ) phagocytosis and degradation underlie Aβ deposition and inflammation in Alzheimer's disease (AD) brain, better understanding of the relation between Aβ phagocytosis and inflammation could lead to promising preventive strategies. We tested two immune modulators in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of AD patients and controls: 1α,25(OH)2-vitamin D3 (1,25D3) and resolvin D1 (RvD1). Both 1,25D3 and RvD1 improved phagocytosis of FAM-Aβ by AD macrophages and inhibited fibrillar Aβ-induced apoptosis...
2013: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
Dongmei Yang, Alexey E Lyashkov, Yue Li, Bruce D Ziman, Edward G Lakatta
Freshly isolated adult rabbit sinoatrial node cells (f-SANC) are an excellent model for studies of autonomic signaling, but are not amenable to genetic manipulation. We have developed and characterized a stable cultured rabbit SANC (c-SANC) model that is suitable for genetic manipulation to probe mechanisms of spontaneous action potential (AP) firing. After 48 h in culture, c-SANC generate stable, rhythmic APs at 34±0.5°C, at a rate that is 50% less than f-SANC. In c- vs. f-SANC: AP duration is prolonged; phosphorylation of phospholamban at Ser(16) and type2 ryanodine receptor (RyR2) at Ser(2809) are reduced; and the level of type2 regulator of G-protein signaling (RGS2), that facilitates adenylyl cyclases/cAMP/protein kinase A (PKA) via G(i) inhibition, is substantially reduced...
November 2012: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Edithe Selwa, Elodie Laine, Thérèse E Malliavin
The catalytic adenyl cyclase (AC) domain of the protein CyaA from Bordetella pertussis is activated by interaction with the C terminal lobe of calmodulin (C-CaM). The AC/C-CaM complex displays an elongated shape, but hydrodynamics measurements on the isolated AC domain allowed to characterize the shape of the protein as spherical. Here, we study by molecular dynamics simulations the complexes between AC and the apo and Ca(2+)-loaded C-CaM, as well as the isolated AC, to characterize the features of AC conformational variability and of AC/C-CaM interaction...
April 2012: Proteins
Stéphane Verguet, Waasila Jassat, Calle Hedberg, Stephen Tollman, Dean T Jamison, Karen J Hofman
BACKGROUND: Due to intensified measles immunization efforts, measles mortality has decreased substantially worldwide, particularly in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). The World Health Organization (WHO) estimated a 92% decrease in measles-related deaths in the WHO AFRO region for the period 2000-2008. Recently, the AFRO region established a measles pre-elimination goal and experts have suggested engaging in a measles eradication campaign at the global level. However, recent large-scale outbreaks in many Sub-Saharan African countries present a challenge to measles control efforts...
February 21, 2012: Vaccine
Mohib Uddin, Guangmin Nong, Jonathan Ward, Grégory Seumois, Lynne R Prince, Susan J Wilson, Victoria Cornelius, Gordon Dent, Ratko Djukanovic
BACKGROUND: Airway neutrophilia is a recognised feature of chronic severe asthma, but the mechanisms that underlie this phenomenon are unknown. Evidence for factors present in airway secretions that prolong neutrophil survival has been sought and it has been hypothesised that these might be augmented in neutrophilic asthma. METHODS: Non-smoking subjects with severe asthma (SA) or mild asthma (MA) and healthy control subjects (HC) underwent sputum induction. The SA group was subdivided into subjects with neutrophil counts above (SA-high) and those within the normal range (SA-low)...
August 2010: Thorax
Michael Gold, Sarah Dugdale, Richard J Woodman, Kieran A McCaul
We linked the Australian Childhood Immunisation Register (ACIR) to South Australian (SA) hospital outcome data in order to evaluate the association between Measles Mumps and Rubella (MMR) and Diphtheria Tetanus Pertussis (DTP) vaccines and convulsions. Linkage occurred using probabilistic matching and data was analysed using the self-controlled case series methodology. An increase in febrile convulsions 6-11 days post-MMR vaccination was demonstrated which equates to a vaccine-attributable risk of 1 convulsion per 6753 vaccines...
June 11, 2010: Vaccine
Muriel Nobles, Sonia Sebastian, Andrew Tinker
An inwardly rectifying K(+) current is present in atrial cardiac myocytes that is activated by acetylcholine (I(KACh)). Physiologically, activation of the current in the SA node is important in slowing the heart rate with increased parasympathetic tone. It is a paradigm for the direct regulation of signaling effectors by the Gbetagamma G-protein subunit. Many questions have been addressed in heterologous expression systems with less focus on the behaviour in native myocytes partly because of the technical difficulties in undertaking comparable studies in native cells...
June 2010: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
E Eroume A Egom, Yunbo Ke, Hanny Musa, Tamer M A Mohamed, Tao Wang, Elizabeth Cartwright, R John Solaro, Ming Lei
Recent studies demonstrated a role of sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) in the protection against the stress of ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. In experiments reported here, we have investigated the signaling through the S1P cascade by FTY720, a sphingolipid drug candidate displaying structural similarity to S1P, underlying the S1P cardioprotective effect. In ex vivo rat heart and isolated sinoatrial node models, FTY720 significantly prevented arrhythmic events associated with I/R injury including premature ventricular beats, VT, and sinus bradycardia as well as A-V conduction block...
February 2010: Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology
Natália Assaife-Lopes, Mira Wengert, Ana Acacia de Sá Pinheiro, Luiz Roberto Leão-Ferreira, Celso Caruso-Neves
We have previously demonstrated that adenosine is deaminated to inosine in the isolated basolateral membrane (BLM) of kidney proximal tubules. This work investigates the possible effect of inosine on proximal tubule Na(+)-ATPase activity. Inosine reduced Na(+)-ATPase activity by 70%. This effect of inosine was completely attenuated by 10(-8) M DPCPX, an A(1) receptor-selective antagonist, but it was not affected by either 10(-8) M DMPX or 10(-7) M MRS1523, A(2) and A(3) receptor-selective antagonists, respectively...
September 2009: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Alexey E Lyashkov, Tatiana M Vinogradova, Ihor Zahanich, Yue Li, Antoine Younes, H Bradley Nuss, Harold A Spurgeon, Victor A Maltsev, Edward G Lakatta
Prior studies indicate that cholinergic receptor (ChR) activation is linked to beating rate reduction (BRR) in sinoatrial nodal cells (SANC) via 1) a G(i)-coupled reduction in adenylyl cyclase (AC) activity, leading to a reduction of cAMP or protein kinase A (PKA) modulation of hyperpolarization-activated current (I(f)) or L-type Ca(2+) currents (I(Ca,L)), respectively; and 2) direct G(i)-coupled activation of ACh-activated potassium current (I(KACh)). More recent studies, however, have indicated that Ca(2+) cycling by the sarcoplasmic reticulum within SANC (referred to as a Ca(2+) clock) generates rhythmic, spontaneous local Ca(2+) releases (LCR) that are AC-PKA dependent...
September 2009: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Hyun Jeong Park, Dae Ho Cho, Hee Jung Kim, Jun Young Lee, Baik Kee Cho, Sa Ik Bang, Sang Yong Song, Kenshi Yamasaki, Anna Di Nardo, Richard L Gallo
LL-37 is a human cathelicidin antimicrobial peptide that is released in the skin after injury and acts to defend against infection and modulate the local cellular immune response. We observed in human dermal keloids that fibrosis was inversely related to the expression of cathelicidin and sought to determine how LL-37 influenced expression of types I and III collagen genes in dermal fibroblasts. At nano-molar concentrations, LL-37 inhibited baseline and transforming growth factor-beta-induced collagen expression...
April 2009: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Chian P Ye, Sheng Zhong Duan, David S Milstone, Richard M Mortensen
Hyperpolarization current (I(f)) is an important player in controlling heart rate and is stimulated by cAMP and inhibited by members of the pertussis toxin-sensitive G-protein G(i)/G(o) family. We have successfully derived cardiocytes from embryonic stem cells lacking G(o) or G(i2) and G(i3). We have established that both basal and isoproterenol-stimulated activities of I(f) in these cardiocytes have typical nodal-atrial characteristics and are unaffected by targeted gene inactivation of the G proteins G(o) or G(i2) and G(i3)...
February 2008: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Hongkuan Fan, David L Williams, Kevin F Breuel, Basilia Zingarelli, Giuseppe Teti, George E Tempel, Perry V Halushka, James A Cook
Previous studies have demonstrated that bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and heat killed Staphylococcus aureus (SA) activation of inflammatory cells depended in part upon activation of heterotrimeric Gi proteins. It has also been shown that (1 --> 3) beta-D-glucan can suppress inflammatory cell activation by microbial products although the cellular mechanism of the glucan effect remains to be clearly defined. We hypothesized that Gi proteins function as a common convergent signaling pathway for both LPS and SA leading to monocyte mediator production...
2006: Frontiers in Bioscience: a Journal and Virtual Library
Hongkuan Fan, Giuseppe Teti, Sarah Ashton, Kelly Guyton, George E Tempel, Perry V Halushka, James A Cook
Previous studies have suggested that heterotrimeric G(i) proteins, Src tyrosine kinase and phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3 Kinase) are involved in signaling events induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) leading to pro-inflammatory cytokines gene expression. To investigate the involvement of these mediators in Gram-positive bacteria induced pro-inflammatory cytokine expression, LPS (10 ng/ml), heat killed group B Streptococci (GBS 1 microg/ml) and Staphylococcus aureus (SA 10 microg/ml) were used to induce TNFalpha production in the murine J774A...
June 7, 2003: Cytokine
Paulus Kirchhof, Larissa Fabritz, Lisa Fortmuller, G Paul Matherne, Amy Lankford, Hideo A Baba, Wilhelm Schmitz, Gunter Breithardt, Joachim Neumann, Peter Boknik
To investigate whether altered function of adenosine receptors could contribute to sinus node or atrioventricular (AV) nodal dysfunction in conscious mammals, we studied transgenic (TG) mice with cardiac-specific overexpression of the A1 adenosine receptor (A1AR). A Holter ECG was recorded in seven freely moving littermate pairs of mice during normal activity, exercise (5 min of swimming), and 1 h after exercise. TG mice had lower maximal heart rates (HR) than wild-type (WT) mice (normal activity: 437 +/- 18 vs...
July 2003: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Jürgen F Heubach, Thomas Rau, Thomas Eschenhagen, Ursula Ravens, Alberto J Kaumann
1. Murine left atrium lacks inotropic beta(2)-adrenoceptor function. We investigated whether beta(2)-adrenoceptors are involved in the cardiostimulant effects of (-)-adrenaline on spontaneously beating right atria and paced right ventricular myocardium of C57BL6 mice. We also studied a negative inotropic effect of (-)-adrenaline. 2. Sinoatrial tachycardia, evoked by (-)-adrenaline was resistant to blockade by beta(2)-selective ICI 118,551 (50 nM) but antagonized by beta(1)-selective CGP 20712A (300 nM). This pattern was unaffected by pretreatment with pertussis toxin (PTX, 600 microg kg(-1) i...
May 2002: British Journal of Pharmacology
N Kushida, Y Kabuyama, O Yamaguchi, Y Homma
Mechanical stretch has been implicated in phenotypic changes as an adaptive response to stretch stress physically loaded in bladder smooth muscle cells (BSMCs). To investigate stretch-induced signaling, we examined the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family using rat primary BSMCs. When BSMCs were subjected to sustained mechanical stretch using collagen-coated silicon membranes, activation of c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) was most relevant among three subsets of MAPK family members: the activity was elevated from 5 min after stretch and peaked at 10 min with an 11-fold increase...
October 2001: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"