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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538756/psychiatric-evaluation-of-civil-capacity-with-the-new-brazilian-statute-of-the-person-with-disabilities
#1
Elias Abdalla-Filho
The objective of this paper is to provide an update to psychiatrists regarding the new Brazilian Law for the Inclusion of People with Disabilities (BLI, Law 13,146 of 2015), and, specifically, to discuss potential implications of situations in which examination by a forensic psychiatrist points toward civil incompetence, while the above-mentioned law mandates full civil capacity for disabled persons. A study of Law 13,146/2015 was conducted, including a comparative analysis of legal and psychiatric approaches on the subject...
May 22, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538664/abiotic-and-biotic-factors-regulating-inter-kingdom-engagement-between-insects-and-microbe-activity-on-vertebrate-remains
#2
REVIEW
Heather R Jordan, Jeffery K Tomberlin
Abstract: A number of abiotic and biotic factors are known to regulate arthropod attraction, colonization, and utilization of decomposing vertebrate remains. Such information is critical when assessing arthropod evidence associated with said remains in terms of forensic relevance. Interactions are not limited to just between the resource and arthropods. There is another biotic factor that has been historically overlooked; however, with the advent of high-throughput sequencing, and other molecular techniques, the curtain has been pulled back to reveal a microscopic world that is playing a major role with regards to carrion decomposition patterns in association with arthropods...
May 24, 2017: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538460/transforming-care-for-victims-of-violence
#3
Anne C Boatright
In this month's Magnet® Perspectives column, Anne Boatright, MSN, RN, SANE, describes her efforts to develop a comprehensive forensic nursing program at Methodist Hospital in Omaha. Ms Boatright transformed a sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE) program into one that provides 24/7 coverage at Methodist's 2 SANE locations and cares not only for victims of sexual assault but also for the victims domestic violence, sex trafficking, strangulation, elder abuse, and neglect. Her work extends beyond the walls of Methodist to the community, where she serves as a core member of the Nebraska Human Trafficking Task Force...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538362/statistical-analysis-of-organ-morphometric-parameters-and-weights-in-south-iranian-adult-autopsies
#4
Saeid Gholamzadeh, Mohammad Zarenezhad, Mahmoud Montazeri, Marzieh Zareikordshooli, Ghazaleh Sadeghi, Abdorrasoul Malekpour, Sanaz Hoseni, Mohammadreza Bahrani, Razieh Hajatmand
Organ weight is one important indicator to discern normal from abnormal condition in forensic pathology as well as in clinical medicine. The present study aimed to investigate morphometric parameters and organ weights of southern Iranian adults, which can be fundamental sources to be compared to abnormal cases.Morphometric parameters and weights of 6 organs (heart, liver, kidney, spleen, appendix, and brain), which were harvested from 501 southern Iranian adults (385 males and 116 females) during ordinary postmortem examination, were measured...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535443/independent-validation-of-body-fluid-specific-cpg-markers-and-construction-of-a-robust-multiplex-assay
#5
Hannah Holtkötter, Vanessa Beyer, Kristina Schwender, Alina Glaub, Kristina Schulze Johann, Marianne Schürenkamp, Ursula Sibbing, Sabrina Banken, Peter Wiegand, Heidi Pfeiffer, Lynn Dennany, Marielle Vennemann, Marielle Vennemann
Potential forensic use of tissue-specific DNA methylation markers has recently been discussed for the identification of the biological source of a stain. In this study 13 promising markers were evaluated to identify suitable candidate markers for the development of a robust and reliable multiplex assay. The results of this study suggest that a combination of only four highly informative markers will be enough for clear body fluid identification. A multiplex assay was developed for the identification of menstrual blood, saliva, semen, and venous blood...
May 9, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535429/high-speed-video-analysis-of-forward-and-backward-spattered-blood-droplets
#6
P M Comiskey, A L Yarin, D Attinger
High-speed videos of blood spatter due to a gunshot taken by the Ames Laboratory Midwest Forensics Resource Center (MFRC) [1] are analyzed. The videos used in this analysis were focused on a variety of targets hit by a bullet which caused either forward, backward, or both types of blood spatter. The analysis process utilized particle image velocimetry (PIV) and particle analysis software to measure drop velocities as well as the distributions of the number of droplets and their respective side view area. The results of this analysis revealed that the maximal velocity in the forward spatter can be about 47±5m/s and for the backward spatter - about 24±8m/s...
May 1, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535279/identification-of-forensically-important-blow-flies-diptera-calliphoridae-in-china-based-on-coi
#7
Fanming Meng, Lipin Ren, Ziyue Wang, Jianqiang Deng, Yadong Guo, Chao Chen, Dmitrijs Finkelbergs, Jifeng Cai
Blow flies are among the most important insects in forensic entomology casework. Identification of blow fly species can be a time consuming and difficult task, especially at their early development stages. Present DNA-based technologies provide a promising identification method for these forensically important calliphorids. The cytochrome oxidase subunit I (COI) sequence has been applied as a suitable DNA marker in calliphorid identification for many years; however, limitation exists in using short sequence to determine genetically close species...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Medical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534146/detection-of-glass-particles-on-bone-lesions-using-sem-eds
#8
Romain Montoriol, Céline Guilbeau-Frugier, Elodie Chantalat, Mathieu Roumiguié, Marie-Bernadette Delisle, Bruno Payré, Norbert Telmon, Frédéric Savall
The problem of identifying the wounding agent in forensic cases is recurrent. Moreover, when several tools are involved, distinguishing the origin of lesions can be difficult. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)/energy dispersive X-ray analysis (EDS) equipment is increasingly available to the scientific and medical community, and some studies have reported its use in forensic anthropology. However, at our knowledge, no study has reported the use of SEM-EDS in forensic cases involving glass tools, whether in case reports or experiments...
May 23, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534145/alterations-in-gene-expression-after-gamma-hydroxybutyric-acid-intake-a-pilot-study
#9
Lena-Maria Mehling, Annika Spottke, Anna Heidbreder, Peter Young, Burkhard Madea, Cornelius Hess, Cornelius Courts
Gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) acts as an agonist of the GABAB receptor, where GHB induces a depressant effect in the central nervous system. Besides its therapeutic application, GHB is also used as a date rape drug. However, the detection of GHB ingestion proves to be difficult due to its narrow detection window. The aim of this pilot study was to assess differential gene expressions after GHB intake to identify potential biomarkers for the detection of GHB intake. To this aim, alteration in gene expression of ALDH5A1, AKR7A2, EREG, and PEA15 was investigated via quantitative PCR (qPCR)...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533730/forensic-odontology-the-new-dimension-in-dental-analysis
#10
K P Divakar
Forensic Odontology a branch of Forensic sciences uses the skill of the dentist in personal identification during mass calamities, sexual assault and child abuse to name a few. This branch not stranger to many has been growing tenfold in its potential and its ability to bring the forlorn to justice where a dental remains is the only available evidence. It's role and importance in the judiciary is fast growing and hence in depth knowledge in this field seems more than justified.
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533004/validation-of-navigation-ultrasound-for-clavicular-length-measurement
#11
Anders Thorsmark Høj, Chiara Villa, Ole M Christensen, Søren Torp-Pedersen, Søren Overgaard, Lars H Frich
Accurate clavicular length measurement is considered important for the selection of patients requiring surgical treatment after a midclavicular fracture. As radiographic length measurements can be inaccurate to varying degrees, new measurement methods are needed. Use of novel technology, navigation ultrasound, to deliver accurate measurements seems promising. To examine the reliability and validity of navigation ultrasound for length measurements of the clavicle, a study was performed using length measurements performed before forensic autopsies from 2012 to 2013...
May 19, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532438/the-effect-of-color-type-on-early-wound-healing-in-farmed-mink-neovison-vison
#12
A Jespersen, H E Jensen, J F Agger, P M H Heegaard, P Damborg, B Aalbæk, A S Hammer
BACKGROUND: Individual differences of mink, including color type, are speculated to affect the course of wound healing, thereby impacting wound assessment and management on the farms, as well as the assessment of wounds in forensic cases. In this study, we examined the effect of color type on early wound healing in farmed mink. Full thickness excisional wounds (2 × 2 cm) were made on the back in 18 mink of the color types Brown, Silverblue and Blue Iris. Gross and microscopic pathology of the wounds was evaluated 2 days post-wounding together with degree of wound size reduction, presence of bacteria and blood analyses...
May 22, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531770/treatment-consumption-and-treatment-re-enrollment-in-ghb-dependent-patients-in-the-netherlands
#13
Martijn S van Noorden, Ton Mol, Jeroen Wisselink, Wil Kuijpers, Boukje A G Dijkstra
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to assess treatment consumption and re-enrollment in treatment in patients with gamma-hydroxybutyrate (GHB)-dependence in Dutch Addiction Treatment Centers (ATCs) in comparison with other addictions. METHODS: A cohort-study using nationwide administrative data from regular Dutch ATCs associated with the Dutch National Alcohol and Drugs Information System (LADIS), covering an estimated 95% of ATCs. We selected in- and out-patients with alcohol, drug and/or behavioral addictions with a first treatment episode in 2008-2011 and consecutive treatments until 2013 (n=71,679)...
May 16, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528986/how-family-members-of-mentally-ill-offenders-experience-the-internment-measure-and-forensic-psychiatric-treatment-in-belgium-a-qualitative-study
#14
Sara Rowaert, Stijn Vandevelde, Gilbert Lemmens, Kurt Audenaert
Mentally ill offenders in Belgium can be subjected to mandated care under an "internment measure" if they are viewed as a danger to society. This study investigated how family members of mentally ill offenders experience this internment measure and view the (forensic) psychiatric treatment of their relative. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 24 relatives and analysed using Nvivo 11. Six different themes emerged: (1) the criminal offence and the internment measure as an additional stigma, (2) ambivalent feelings towards the judicial system, (3) prison is not the right place to be, (4) mental health support as an answer to problems, (5) fight a losing battle, and (6) while there is life there is hope...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528194/analysis-of-peg-oligomers-in-black-gel-inks-discrimination-and-ink-dating
#15
Qiran Sun, Yiwen Luo, Ping Xiang, Xu Yang, Min Shen
Carbon-based black gel inks are common samples in forensic practice of questioned document examination in China, but there are few analytical methods for this type of ink. In this study, a liquid chromatography-.high resolution mass spectrometry (LC-HRMS) method was established for the analysis of PEG oligomers in carbon-based black gel ink entries. The coupled instruments achieve both the identification and quantification of PEG oligomers in ink entries with reproducible results. Twenty carbon-based black gel inks, whose Raman spectra appeared identical, were analyzed using the LC-HRMS method...
May 4, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528127/determining-the-effectiveness-of-an-elder-abuse-nurse-examiner-curriculum-a-pilot-study
#16
Janice Du Mont, Daisy Kosa, Rebecca Yang, Shirley Solomon, Sheila Macdonald
OBJECTIVES: To pilot and evaluate a novel Elder Abuse Nurse Examiner Curriculum and its associated training materials for their efficacy in improving Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE)s' knowledge of elder abuse and competence in delivering care to abused older adults. METHODS: Pilot training was held with 18 SANEs from across Ontario, Canada. A 52-item pre- and post-training questionnaire was administered that assessed participants' self-reported knowledge and perceived skills-based competence related to elder abuse care...
May 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528124/validation-of-the-security-needs-assessment-profile-for-measuring-the-profiles-of-security-needs-of-chinese-forensic-psychiatric-inpatients
#17
B W M Siu, C C Y Au-Yeung, A W L Chan, L S Y Chan, K K Yuen, H W Leung, C K Yan, K K Ng, A C H Lai, S Davies, M Collins
Mapping forensic psychiatric services with the security needs of patients is a salient step in service planning, audit and review. A valid and reliable instrument for measuring the security needs of Chinese forensic psychiatric inpatients was not yet available. This study aimed to develop and validate the Chinese version of the Security Needs Assessment Profile for measuring the profiles of security needs of Chinese forensic psychiatric inpatients. The Security Needs Assessment Profile by Davis was translated into Chinese...
May 17, 2017: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527983/when-a-death-apparently-associated-to-sexual-assault-is-instead-a-natural-death-due-to-idiopathic-hypereosinophilic-syndrome-the-importance-of-gamma-hydroxybutyric-acid-analysis-in-vitreous-humor
#18
Francesco Paolo Busardò, Francesca Portelli, Angelo Montana, Maria Concetta Rotolo, Simona Pichini, Emiliano Maresi
We here report a case involving a 21-year-old female, found dead in a central square of a city in the south of Italy. Initial evidences and circumstances were suggestive of a death associated with a sexual assault. Two peripheral blood and two vitreous humor samples were collected for the purpose of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) testing from the dead body at two different post-mortem intervals (PMIs): approximately 2 (t0) and 36 (t1) hours. The obtained results showed that, between t0 and t1, there was an increase of GHB concentrations in peripheral blood and vitreous humor of 66...
April 11, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527476/forensic-medicine-and-the-military-population-international-dental-records-and-personal-identification-concerns
#19
Maria Inês Guimarães, Augusta Silveira, Teresa Sequeira, Joaquim Gonçalves, Maria José Carneiro Sousa, Aurora Valenzuela
INTRODUCTION: The first goal of this research was to perceive the global commitment towards the organization and archiving of dental records and to compare it with each country's security risk rating. The second one was to study dental records in a sample of the Portuguese military population, using the available national dental records. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An e-mail was sent to representative dentistry associations in several countries, requesting some information concerning the professionals' awareness of this issue...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527363/postmortem-microbial-communities-in-burial-soil-layers-of-skeletonized-humans
#20
Torri B Thomas, Sheree J Finley, Jeremy E Wilkinson, Daniel J Wescott, Azriel Gorski, Gulnaz T Javan
Microorganisms are major ecological participants in the successional decomposition of vertebrates. The relative abundance, or the scarcity, of certain microbial taxa in gravesoil has the potential to determine the ecological status of skeletons. However, there are substantial knowledge gaps that warrant consideration in the context of the surrounding terrestrial ecosystem. In the current study, we hypothesized that i.) soil microbial diversity is disparate in the latter stage of decomposition (skeletonization) compared to the earlier stages (fresh, bloat, active and advanced decay), and ii...
May 3, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
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