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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938228/sex-determination-from-chest-measurements-in-a-sample-of-egyptian-adults-using-multislice-computed-tomography
#1
Ragaa T Darwish, Manal H Abdel-Aziz, Abdel-Aziz M El Nekiedy, Zahraa K Sobh
BACKGROUND: In forensic sciences to determine one's sex is quite important during the identity defining stage. The reliability of sex determination depends on the completeness of the remains and the degree of sexual dimorphism inherent in the population. Computed Tomography is the imaging modality of choice for two- and three-dimensional documentation and analysis of many autopsy findings. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present work was to assess the reliability of Three-dimensional Multislice Computed Tomography (3D MSCT) to determine sexual dimorphism from certain chest measurements; sternum and fourth rib using the 3D MSCT and to develop equations for sex determination from these bones among adult Egyptians sample...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938154/massively-parallel-sequencing-of-forensic-strs-and-snps-using-the-illumina-%C3%A2-forenseq%C3%A2-dna-signature-prep-kit-on-the-miseq-fgx%C3%A2-forensic-genomics-system
#2
Fei Guo, Jiao Yu, Lu Zhang, Jun Li
The ForenSeq™ DNA Signature Prep Kit (ForenSeq Kit) is designed to detect more than 200 forensically relevant markers in a single reaction on the MiSeq FGx™ Forensic Genomics System (MiSeq FGx System), including Amelogenin, 27 autosomal short tandem repeats (A-STRs), 7 X chromosomal STRs (X-STRs), 24 Y chromosomal STRs (Y-STRs) and 94 identity-informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (iSNPs) with the option to contain 22 phenotypic-informative SNPs (pSNPs) and 56 ancestry-informative SNPs (aSNPs). In this study, we evaluated the MiSeq FGx System on three major parts: methodological optimization (DNA extraction, sample quantification, library normalization, diluted libraries concentration, and sample-to-cell arrangement), massively parallel sequencing (MPS) performance (depth of coverage, sequence coverage ratio, and allele coverage ratio), and ForenSeq Kit characteristics (repeatability and concordance, sensitivity, mixture, stability and case-type samples)...
September 8, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938153/massively-parallel-sequencing-of-32-forensic-markers-using-the-precision-id-globalfiler%C3%A2-ngs-str-panel-and-the-ion-pgm%C3%A2-system
#3
Zheng Wang, Di Zhou, Hui Wang, Zhenjun Jia, Jing Liu, Xiaoqin Qian, Chengtao Li, Yiping Hou
Massively parallel sequencing (MPS) technologies have proved capable of sequencing the majority of the key forensic STR markers. By MPS, not only the repeat-length size but also sequence variations could be detected. Recently, Thermo Fisher Scientific has designed an advanced MPS 32-plex panel, named the Precision ID GlobalFiler™ NGS STR Panel, where the primer set has been designed specifically for the purpose of MPS technologies and the data analysis are supported by a new version HID STR Genotyper Plugin (V4...
September 8, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938152/comparison-of-manual-and-automated-ampliseq%C3%A2-workflows-in-the-typing-of-a-somali-population-with-the-precision-id-identity-panel
#4
Suzanne van der Heijden, Susanne Juel de Oliveira, Marie-Louise Kampmann, Claus Børsting, Niels Morling
The Precision ID Identity Panel was used to type 109 Somali individuals in order to obtain allele frequencies for the Somali population. These frequencies were used to establish a Somali HID-SNP database, which will be used for the biostatistic calculations in family and immigration cases. Genotypes obtained with the Precision ID Identity Panel were found to be almost in complete concordance with genotypes obtained with the SNPforID PCR-SBE-CE assay. In seven SNP loci, silent alleles were identified, of which most were previously described in the literature...
September 14, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938133/genetic-polymorphisms-for-19-x-str-loci-of-sichuan-han-ethnicity-and-its-comparison-with-chinese-populations
#5
Guanglin He, Ye Li, Xing Zou, Mengge Wang, Pengyu Chen, Miao Liao, Jin Wu
X-chromosomal short tandem repeats (X-STRs) can be serviced as a complementary tool in forensic deficiency cases and other complicated kinship identification. To investigate the genetic variation of the western Chinese Han population, genetic polymorphisms of 19 X-STR loci (DXS8378, DXS7423, DXS10148, DXS10159, DXS10134, DXS7424, DXS10164, DXS10162, DXS7132, DXS10079, DXS6789, DXS101, DXS10103, DXS10101, HPRTB, DXS6809, DXS10075, DXS10074 and DXS10135) included in the AGCU X19 PCR amplification kit were obtained from 201 Chinese Han individuals (108 females and 93 males) residing in Sichuan province, western China...
September 15, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938132/development-and-validation-of-carbofuran-and-3-hydroxycarbofuran-analysis-by-high-pressure-liquid-chromatography-with-diode-array-detector-hplc-dad-for-forensic-veterinary-medicine
#6
Vagner Gonçalves, Nicolle Queiroz Hazarbassanov, Adriana de Siqueira, Jorge Camilo Florio, Claudia Helena Pastor Ciscato, Paulo Cesar Maiorka, Andre Fukushima, Helenice de Souza Spinosa
Agricultural pesticides used with the criminal intent to intoxicate domestic and wild animals are a serious concern in Veterinary Medicine. In order to identify the pesticide carbofuran and its metabolite 3- hydroxycarbofuran in animals suspected of exogenous intoxication a high pressure liquid chromatography with diode array detector (HPLC-DAD) method was developed and validated in stomach contents, liver, vitreous humor and blood. The method was evaluated using biological samples from seven different animal species...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936824/discrimination-of-human-and-nonhuman-blood-using-raman-spectroscopy-with-self-reference-algorithm
#7
Haiyi Bian, Peng Wang, Jun Wang, Huancai Yin, Yubing Tian, Pengli Bai, Xiaodong Wu, Ning Wang, Yuguo Tang, Jing Gao
We report a self-reference algorithm to discriminate human and nonhuman blood by calculating the ratios of identification Raman peaks to reference Raman peaks and choosing appropriate threshold values. The influence of using different reference peaks and identification peaks was analyzed in detail. The Raman peak at 1003  cm-1 was proved to be a stable reference peak to avoid the influencing factors, such as the incident laser intensity and the amount of sample. The Raman peak at 1341  cm-1 was found to be an efficient identification peak, which indicates that the difference between human and nonhuman blood results from the C-H bend in tryptophan...
September 2017: Journal of Biomedical Optics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936821/-forensic-psychiatric-assessment-with-the-claim-of-incitement-solicitation-assistance-to-suicide-and-reinforcement-of-suicide-decision-a-case-report
#8
Altan Eşsizoğlu, Mustafa Sercan
Although the act of suicide is not considered a crime in Turkish Criminal Law, any contribution (incitement, solicitation, assistance and reinforcement of suicide decision) to the commitment of suicide is a crime according to the 84th item. However, the number of cases opened with respect to this item as well as request for forensic psychiatric expertise is very rare. In these cases, forensic psychiatric expertise depends on the psychiatric evaluation of the individual that committed suicide and the analysis of his/her relationship with the person that incited the suicide...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936813/-clinical-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-that-affect-the-recommendation-for-assignment-of-a-legal-representative-in-patients-with-bipolar-disorder
#9
Erhan Akıncı, Fatih Öncü, Can Ger, Mustafa Sabuncuoğlu, Anıl Kırmızı, Nezih Eradamlar
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical and sociodemographic characteristics of patients with bipolar disorder who had been sent to the Forensic Psychiatry Unit by the court in order to determine factors that affected the decision to appoint a legal representative. METHODS: The reports of health council, follow-up outpatient, and hospitalization files of a total of 78 patients with bipolar disorder who had been sent to the Department of Forensic Psychiatry Outpatient Clinic of Bakirköy Mental Health and Neurological Diseases Education and Research Hospital between 1st June 2009-31st December 2011 were examined...
2017: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935228/frequencies-of-the-precision-id-ancestry-panel-markers-in-basques-using-the-ion-torrent-pgm-tm-platform
#10
O García, J A Ajuriagerra, A Alday, S Alonso, J A Pérez, A Soto, I Uriarte, I Yurrebaso
The Precision ID Ancestry Panel for the Ion Torrent PGM™ platform is able to genotype 165 autosomal SNPs by massively parallel sequencing (MPS). In the present study, we evaluated the depth of coverage, the locus strand balance and the heterozygote balance of the above panel. The SNPs rs1569175, rs2306040, rs9845457, rs1407434, and rs10007810 showed a low performance, due either to a low coverage, locus strand imbalance or heterozygote imbalance. To further to assess this panel, we analyzed 108 Basques. All loci proved to be in Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium and we did not detect any association between them with the exception of the pair rs3916235-rs4891825 in chromosome 18...
September 12, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934683/histological-transformations-of-the-dental-pulp-as-possible-indicator-of-post-mortem-interval-a-pilot-study
#11
Patricio A Carrasco, Claudia I Brizuela, Ismael A Rodriguez, Samuel Muñoz, Marianela E Godoy, Carolina Inostroza
BACKGROUND: The correct estimation of the post mortem interval (PMI) can be crucial on the success of a forensic investigation. Diverse methods have been used to estimate PMI, considering physical changes that occur after death, such as mortis algor, livor mortis, among others. Degradation after death of dental pulp is a complex process that has not yet been studied thoroughly. It has been described that pulp RNA degradation could be an indicator of PMI, however this study is limited to 6 days...
September 11, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934682/the-fate-of-human-remains-in-a-maritime-context-and-feasibility-for-forensic-humanitarian-action-to-assist-in-their-recovery-and-identification
#12
Sarah Theresa Dorothea Ellingham, Pierre Perich, Morris Tidball-Binz
The number of annual maritime fatalities reported in the Mediterranean has more than doubled in the last two years, a phenomenon closely linked to the increase of migrants attempting to reach Europe via the Mediterranean. The majority of victims reportedly never gets recovered, which in part relates to the fact that the mechanisms and interaction of factors affecting marine taphonomy are still largely not understood. These factors include intrinsic factors such as whether the individual was alive or dead at the time of submergence, the individual's stature and clothing, as well as extrinsic factors such including ambient temperature, currents, water depth, salinity and oxygen levels...
August 7, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934201/forensic-genetics-and-genomics-much-more-than-just-a-human-affair
#13
REVIEW
Miguel Arenas, Filipe Pereira, Manuela Oliveira, Nadia Pinto, Alexandra M Lopes, Veronica Gomes, Angel Carracedo, Antonio Amorim
While traditional forensic genetics has been oriented towards using human DNA in criminal investigation and civil court cases, it currently presents a much wider application range, including not only legal situations sensu stricto but also and, increasingly often, to preemptively avoid judicial processes. Despite some difficulties, current forensic genetics is progressively incorporating the analysis of nonhuman genetic material to a greater extent. The analysis of this material-including other animal species, plants, or microorganisms-is now broadly used, providing ancillary evidence in criminalistics in cases such as animal attacks, trafficking of species, bioterrorism and biocrimes, and identification of fraudulent food composition, among many others...
September 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934125/optimized-mtdna-control-region-primer-extension-capture-analysis-for-forensically-relevant-samples-and-highly-compromised-mtdna-of-different-age-and-origin
#14
Mayra Eduardoff, Catarina Xavier, Christina Strobl, Andrea Casas-Vargas, Walther Parson
The analysis of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) has proven useful in forensic genetics and ancient DNA (aDNA) studies, where specimens are often highly compromised and DNA quality and quantity are low. In forensic genetics, the mtDNA control region (CR) is commonly sequenced using established Sanger-type Sequencing (STS) protocols involving fragment sizes down to approximately 150 base pairs (bp). Recent developments include Massively Parallel Sequencing (MPS) of (multiplex) PCR-generated libraries using the same amplicon sizes...
September 21, 2017: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933678/medicine-madness-and-murderers-the-context-of-english-forensic-psychiatric-hospitals
#15
Ruth McDonald, Vivek Furtado, Birgit Völlm
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to add to the understanding of context by shedding light on the relationship between context and organisational actors' abilities to resolve ongoing challenges. Design/methodology/approach The authors used qualitative data collection (interviews and focus groups with staff and site visits to English forensic psychiatry hospitals) and the analysis was informed by Lefebvre's writings on space. Findings Responses to ongoing challenges were both constrained and facilitated by the context, which was negotiated and co-produced by the actors involved...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Health Organization and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933558/-oncology-secrets-of-suddenly-deceased-individuals
#16
Kateřina Stoklásková, Miroslav Ďatko, Eva Daňková, Milan Votava, Karel Schneller, Martin Zeman, Tomáš Vojtíšek, Michal Zelený
Malignant neoplasms represent the second most common cause of death in men and women in the Czech Republic after cardiovascular diseases. The incidence, prevalence and mortality is recorded in the Czech National Cancer Registry. The most recent data available is from 2013, in this year there were 81 541 patients newly diagnosed with cancer and 26 944 people died of cancer. From a long-term perspective, the incidence of neoplasms is increasing and the mortality is decreasing. In the Institute of Forensic Medicine in Brno there were 480 cases of newly reported malignant tumors during the period 2010-2015, which were not known before the autopsy...
2017: Soudní Lékarství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933247/a-bayesian-decision-support-tool-for-child-sexual-abuse-assessment-and-investigation
#17
Alessandro Tadei, Johan Pensar, Jukka Corander, Katarina Finnilä, Pekka Santtila, Jan Antfolk
In assessments of child sexual abuse (CSA) allegations, informative background information is often overlooked or not used properly. We therefore created and tested an instrument that uses accessible background information to calculate the probability of a child being a CSA victim that can be used as a starting point in the following investigation. Studying 903 demographic and socioeconomic variables from over 11,000 Finnish children, we identified 42 features related to CSA. Using Bayesian logic to calculate the probability of abuse, our instrument-the Finnish Investigative Instrument of Child Sexual Abuse (FICSA)-has two separate profiles for boys and girls...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932045/nonmetric-traits-of-permanent-posterior-teeth-in-kerala-population-a-forensic-overview
#18
Tibin K Baby, S Sunil, Sharlene Sara Babu
INTRODUCTION: Dental morphology is a highly heritable characteristic which is stable with time and has a fairly high state of preservation. Nonmetric dental traits have crucial role in ethnic classifications of a population that helps in forensic racial identification purposes. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To determine the frequency and variability of possible nonmetric tooth traits using extracted permanent posterior teeth from Kerala population for discerning racial ethnicity...
May 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930013/molecular-tracing-to-find-source-of-protracted-invasive-listeriosis-outbreak-southern-germany-2012-2016
#19
Sylvia Kleta, Jens Andre Hammerl, Ralf Dieckmann, Burkhard Malorny, Maria Borowiak, Sven Halbedel, Rita Prager, Eva Trost, Antje Flieger, Hendrik Wilking, Sabine Vygen-Bonnet, Ulrich Busch, Ute Messelhäußer, Sabine Horlacher, Katharina Schönberger, Dorothee Lohr, Elisabeth Aichinger, Petra Luber, Andreas Hensel, Sascha Al Dahouk
We investigated 543 Listeria monocytogenes isolates from food having a temporal and spatial distribution compatible with that of the invasive listeriosis outbreak occurring 2012-2016 in southern Germany. Using forensic microbiology, we identified several products from 1 manufacturer contaminated with the outbreak genotype. Continuous molecular surveillance of food isolates could prevent such outbreaks.
October 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928257/sudden-death-and-acute-myocarditis-a-unique-forensic-case-of-double-origin-of-coronary-arteries
#20
Isabella Aquila, Pietro Tarzia, Pietrantonio Ricci, Santo Gratteri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
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