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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446107/euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide-focus-on-the-data
#1
Ezekiel Emanuel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437764/the-use-of-lithium-for-the-treatment-of-bipolar-disorder-recommendations-from-clinical-practice-guidelines
#2
Gin S Malhi, Danielle Gessler, Tim Outhred
BACKGROUND: Lithium is an effective mood stabilizer that is used principally for the management of bipolar disorder (BD). Its administration is complex and often requires sophisticated management and assiduous monitoring. When considering the use of lithium therapy for bipolar disorder, clinicians are advised to refer to recommendations outlined in clinical practice guidelines (CPGs); but because of varying emphases placed by different international CPGs, recommendations addressing the practical use of lithium lack consistency...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424157/childhood-adversity-and-risk-of-suicide-cohort-study-of-548%C3%A2-721-adolescents-and-young-adults-in-sweden
#3
Charlotte Björkenstam, Kyriaki Kosidou, Emma Björkenstam
Objective To examine the relation between childhood adversity, the role of school performance, and childhood psychopathology and the risk of suicide.Design Cohort study of register based indicators of childhood adversity (at ages 0-14) including death in the family (suicide analysed separately), parental substance abuse, parental psychiatric disorder, substantial parental criminality, parental separation/single parent household, receipt of public assistance, and residential instability.Setting Swedish medical birth register and various Swedish population based registers...
April 19, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423145/brief-behavioral-therapy-for-pediatric-anxiety-and-depression-in-primary-care-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
V Robin Weersing, David A Brent, Michelle S Rozenman, Araceli Gonzalez, Megan Jeffreys, John F Dickerson, Frances L Lynch, Giovanna Porta, Satish Iyengar
Importance: Anxiety and depression affect 30% of youth but are markedly undertreated compared with other mental disorders, especially in Hispanic populations. Objective: To examine whether a pediatrics-based behavioral intervention targeting anxiety and depression improves clinical outcome compared with referral to outpatient community mental health care. Design, Setting, and Participants: This 2-center randomized clinical trial with masked outcome assessment conducted between brief behavioral therapy (BBT) and assisted referral to care (ARC) studied 185 youths (aged 8...
April 19, 2017: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410860/comprehensive-screening-for-suicide-risk-in-primary-care
#5
Guy S Diamond, Joanna L Herres, E Stephanie Krauthamer Ewing, Tita O Atte, Syreeta W Scott, Matt B Wintersteen, Robert J Gallop
INTRODUCTION: Suicide is a major public health problem and a complex clinical challenge. Assessment and early identification could be enhanced with screening tools that look beyond depression. The purpose of this study was to identify profiles of risk behaviors and social stress associated with suicidal ideation and behavior using the Behavioral Health Screen. METHODS: The study used screening data from 2,513 primary care patients (aged 14-24 years). Data were collected between 2008 and 2012, and were analyzed in 2016...
April 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399909/myplan-mobile-phone-application-to-manage-crisis-of-persons-at-risk-of-suicide-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Kate Andreasson, Jesper Krogh, Per Bech, Hanne Frandsen, Niels Buus, Barbara Stanley, Ad Kerkhof, Merete Nordentoft, Annette Erlangsen
BACKGROUND: Persons with a past episode of self-harm or severe suicidal ideation are at elevated risk of self-harm as well as dying by suicide. It is well established that suicidal ideation fluctuates over time. Previous studies have shown that a personal safety plan can assist in providing support, when a person experiences suicide ideation, and help seeking professional assistance if needed. The aim of the trial is to determine whether a newly developed safety mobile app is more effective in reducing suicide ideation and other symptoms, compared to a safety plan on paper...
April 11, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384395/consensus-bundle-on-maternal-mental-health-perinatal-depression-and-anxiety
#7
Susan Kendig, John P Keats, M Camille Hoffman, Lisa B Kay, Emily S Miller, Tiffany A Moore Simas, Ariela Frieder, Barbara Hackley, Pec Indman, Christena Raines, Kisha Semenuk, Katherine L Wisner, Lauren A Lemieux
Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are among the most common mental health conditions encountered by women of reproductive age. When left untreated, perinatal mood and anxiety disorders can have profound adverse effects on women and their children, ranging from increased risk of poor adherence to medical care, exacerbation of medical conditions, loss of interpersonal and financial resources, smoking and substance use, suicide, and infanticide. Perinatal mood and anxiety disorders are associated with increased risks of maternal and infant mortality and morbidity and are recognized as a significant patient safety issue...
March 2017: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28353586/association-of-depressive-symptoms-and-suicidal-ideation-among-university-students-in-china-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Yu-Hang Wang, Zhou-Ting Shi, Qian-Ying Luo
The aim of this study was to investigate whether depressive symptoms are associated with suicidal ideation among university students in China.Five Chinese and English electronic databases (EBSCO, PubMed, Chinese Web of Knowledge, Wanfang, and Weipu) were searched to identify relevant studies. Cross-sectional studies published from 2000 to 2016 reporting about the association between depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation among university students in China were used for meta-analysis to approximate the overall association between depression and suicidal ideation among university students in mainland China...
March 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350148/-assisted-suicide-euthanasia-a-thorn-in-the-eye-of-the-apa
#9
EDITORIAL
C Baeken
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343464/life-lifestyle-and-location-examining-the-complexities-of-psychological-distress-in-young-adult-indigenous-and-non-indigenous-australians
#10
B Davison, T Nagel, G R Singh
Mental health is fundamental to an individual's health and well-being. Mental health disorders affect a substantial portion of the Australian population, with the most vulnerable time in adolescence and young adulthood. Indigenous Australians fare worse than other Australians on almost every measure of physical and mental health. Cross-sectional data from young adults (21-27 years) participating in the Life Course Program, Northern Territory, Australia, is presented. Rates of psychological distress were high in remote and urban residing Indigenous and urban non-Indigenous young adults...
March 27, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343206/-euthanasia-an-attempt-to-organize-issue
#11
Tomasz Kirmes, Mateusz Wilk, Czesław Chowaniec
This article is an attempt to complete and holistically discuss problem of euthanasia, especially its ethical and legal aspects, comparing to Polish law. The subject of euthanasia arouse interest of the society because it touches one of the most important aspects of life, which is the death. Even bigger emotions are aroused amongst physicians. They are forced to put on the line the life as biggest value on the one side and autonomy of human being on the other. It also touches the empathy for suffering. The euthanasia was divided into three forms: active euthanasia, passive euthanasia and assisted suicide...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326609/bridging-the-gap-connecting-resident-assistants-and-suicidal-residents-through-gatekeeper-training
#12
Kate McLean, Martin A Swanbrow Becker
One hundred sixty-two resident assistants (RAs) at a large southeastern university were randomly assigned to attend either a specialized 1-hr training program in suicide prevention (intervention group) or a stress and time management skills training program (control group). The results failed to show the suicide prevention training program had any impact on RA intervention behaviors, resident help-seeking behaviors, or RA perceptions of resident distress and suicidality 4 months following training. Results are interpreted and discussed in relation to strengthening suicide prevention training programs on college campuses...
March 21, 2017: Suicide & Life-threatening Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322492/lethal-hopelessness-understanding-and-responding-to-asylum-seeker-distress-and-mental-deterioration
#13
Nicholas G Procter, Mary Anne Kenny, Heather Eaton, Carol Grech
The mental deterioration of the so called 'legacy caseload' (asylum seekers who arrived in Australia by boat between August 2012-December 2013) has become a national concern and is garnering international attention. Prolonged uncertainty is contributing to mental deterioration and despair. There have been at least 11 deaths by suicide since June 2014. Social support services have been limited and legal assistance in short supply; this is associated with lengthy delays with visa applications. Thwarted belongingness, purpose and identity, a shortage of available services, and barriers to legal support for processes attendant upon Refugee Status Determination increase the likelihood that the mental health of asylum seekers will deteriorate further, potentially developing into worsening decline, which will lead to increased self-harm and suicide...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300443/atopic-dermatitis-depression-and-suicidality
#14
Mathew N Nicholas, Melinda J Gooderham
Atopic dermatitis (AD) is a common disease associated with an underappreciated increased risk of depression and suicidality. Current literature investigates associated risk factors, including severity of disease, age, sex, and atopic comorbidities, which may help identify patients with AD at high risk for depression or suicidality. Increasing severity of AD and female sex are associated with an increased risk for both depression and suicidality, while increasing age is associated with an increased risk for depression only...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290943/bereaved-military-dependent-spouses-and-children-those-left-behind-in-a-decade-of-war-2001-2011
#15
Stephen J Cozza, Joscelyn E Fisher, Jing Zhou, Jill Harrington-LaMorie, Lareina La Flair, Carol S Fullerton, Robert J Ursano
BACKGROUND: U.S. military service members die from a variety of causes (i.e., accidents, combat, illnesses, homicide, suicide, and terrorism) while on duty and in greater numbers during times of war, leaving behind bereaved dependent family members. Identifying characteristics of these dependent families improves our understanding of their unique needs, helps educate service providers who offer assistance to these surviving family members, and better informs policy addressing their health and well-being...
March 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282677/-physician-assisted-suicide-survey-on-%C3%A2-217-stgb-in-germany
#16
Julia Zenz, Ruth Rissing-van Saan, Michael Zenz
Background In late 2015, Germany passed a law (§ 217 StGB) prohibiting persons from aiding others in committing suicide on a regular, repetitive basis. Despite intensive societal debate and surveys about assisted dying, the present study was the first to examine attitudes towards the new legal regulation among professionals. Methods In early 2016, all participants of a congress on palliative care received a one-page anonymous questionnaire to complete until the end of the conference. The questionnaire consisted of questions regarding assisted suicide and the new law...
March 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253879/seeking-help-in-times-of-economic-hardship-access-experiences-of-services-and-unmet-need
#17
M C Barnes, J L Donovan, C Wilson, J Chatwin, R Davies, J Potokar, N Kapur, K Hawton, R O'Connor, D Gunnell
BACKGROUND: Economic recessions are often accompanied by increased levels of psychological distress and suicidal behaviour in affected populations. Little is known about the experiences of people seeking help for employment, financial and benefit-related difficulties during recessions. We investigated the experiences of people struggling financially in the aftermath of the Great Recession (2008-9) - including some who had self-harmed - and of the frontline support staff providing assistance...
March 3, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235885/attitudes-towards-end-of-life-decisions-in-case-of-long-term-care-dependency-a-survey-among-the-older-population-in-austria
#18
Erwin Stolz, Hannes Mayerl, Anja Waxenegger, Éva Rásky, Wolfgang Freidl
BACKGROUND: Research on attitudes towards end-of-life decisions (ELDs) contextually most often refers to the very end of life, that is, to situations of terminally ill patients or severe pain, but it is rarely applied to the broader context of long-term care dependency in old age. METHODS: In a representative survey among older Austrians (50+, n=968), respondents were asked about their approval of assisted suicide and euthanasia (EUT) when requested by an older, severely care-dependent person...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230577/suicide-and-suicide-attempts-on-hospital-grounds-and-clinic-areas
#19
Peter D Mills, Bradley V Watts, Robin R Hemphill
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to describe suicide and suicide attempts that occurred while the patient was on hospital grounds, common spaces, and clinic areas using root cause analysis (RCA) reports of these events in a national health care organization in the United States. METHOD: This is an observational review of all RCA reports of suicide and suicide attempts on hospital grounds, common spaces, and clinic areas in our system between December 1, 1999, and December 31, 2014...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226013/suicide-attempts-by-exposure-to-toxic-agents-registered-in-a-toxicological-information-and-assistance-center-in-fortaleza-cear%C3%A3-brazil-2013
#20
Ana Paula Soares Gondim, Rachel Rabay Nogueira, João Gabriel Barbosa Lima, Rayra Aguiar Campos Lima, Polianna Lemos Moura Moreira Albuquerque, Maria do Socorro Batista Veras, Maria Augusta Drago Ferreira
Objective: to describe cases of suicide attempts by exposure to toxic agents registered by the Toxicological Information and Assistance Center in Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil. Methods: this is a descriptive study using secondary data of the cases registered in 2013. Results: 410 cases were registered; 56.2% of the individuals were female and 79.7% were between 12 and 39 years old; most of them (86.4%) lived in urban areas and 67.2%, in Fortaleza; in 94...
January 2017: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
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