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Coping strategies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220681/experience-of-caregiving-and-coping-strategies-in-caregivers-of-adolescents-with-an-eating-disorder-a-comparative-study
#1
Melissa Parks, Dimitra Anastasiadou, Julio César Sánchez, Montserrat Graell, Ana R Sepulveda
Caring for a relative with an eating disorder (ED) is associated with heightened psychological distress, which, according to a stress-coping model, may be influenced by coping and appraisal. However, limited quantitative studies have assessed coping in ED caregivers. This cross-sectional study aims to assess 1) the differences in coping between caregivers of three groups: patients with an ED, patients with a substance use disorder, and healthy teens, and 2) the patient and caregiver variables associated with coping and appraisal of the caregiving experience...
November 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218498/the-epidemiology-of-coping-in-african-american-adults-in-the-jackson-heart-study-jhs
#2
Allison B Brenner, Ana V Diez-Roux, Samson Y Gebreab, Amy J Schulz, Mario Sims
Differences in coping within the African American population are not well understood, yet these differences may be critical to reducing stress, improving health, and reducing racial health disparities. Using a descriptive, exploratory analysis of the Jackson Heart Study (N = 5301), we examine correlations between coping responses and associations between coping and demographic, socioeconomic, psychosocial, and neighborhood factors. Overall, coping responses were not strongly correlated and patterns of associations between covariates and coping responses were largely inconsistent...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218224/coping-with-differences-in-snow-cover-the-impact-on-the-condition-physiology-and-fitness-of-an-arctic-hibernator
#3
Michael J Sheriff, Rudy Boonstra, Rupert Palme, C Loren Buck, Brian M Barnes
The Earth's climate is changing at an unprecedented rate and, as ecologists, we are challenged with the difficult task of predicting how individuals and populations will respond to climate-induced changes to local and global ecosystems. Although we are beginning to understand some of the responses to changing seasonality, the physiological mechanisms that may drive these responses remain unknown. Using long-term data comparing two nearby populations (<20 km apart) of free-living arctic ground squirrels in northern Alaska, we have previously shown that the timing of spring snowmelt greatly influences their phenology of hibernation and reproduction in a population and site-specific manner...
2017: Conservation Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217721/insights-from-australians-with-respiratory-disease-living-in-the-community-with-experience-of-self-managing-through-an-emergency-department-near-miss-for-breathlessness-a-strengths-based-qualitative-study
#4
Tim Luckett, Jane Phillips, Miriam Johnson, Maja Garcia, Priyanka Bhattarai, Virginia Carrieri-Kohlman, Anne Hutchinson, Rebecca T Disler, David Currow, Meera Agar, Serra Ivynian, Richard Chye, Phillip J Newton, Patricia M Davidson
OBJECTIVES: Breathlessness 'crises' in people with chronic respiratory conditions are a common precipitant for emergency department (ED) presentations, many of which might be avoided through improved self-management and support. This study sought insights from people with experience of ED 'near misses' where they considered going to the ED but successfully self-managed instead. DESIGN AND METHODS: A qualitative approach was used with a phenomenological orientation...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216330/genome-wide-analysis-of-the-brachypodium-distachyon-l-p-beauv-hsp90-gene-family-reveals-molecular-evolution-and-expression-profiling-under-drought-and-salt-stresses
#5
Ming Zhang, Zhiwei Shen, Guoqing Meng, Yu Lu, Yilei Wang
The structure, evolution, and function of heat shock proteins 90 (Hsp90s) have been investigated in great detail in fungi and animals. However, studies on the Hsp90 genes in plants are generally limited. Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P. Beauv., as a model plant for cereal crops, has become a potential biofuel grass. During its long evolution, the Hsp90 gene family in Brachypodium has developed some strategies to cope with adverse environments. How the Hsp90 gene family in Brachypodium evolved in different plant lineages and what its role is in plant responses to drought and salt stresses remains to be elucidated...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215793/genetic-history-of-the-african-sahelian-populations
#6
REVIEW
V Černý, I Kulichová, E S Poloni, J M Nunes, L Pereira, A Mayor, A Sanchez-Mazas
From a biogeographic perspective Africa is subdivided into distinct horizontal belts. Human populations living along the Sahel/Savannah belt south of the Sahara Desert have often been overshadowed by extensive studies focusing on other African populations such as hunter-gatherers or Bantu in particular. However, the Sahel together with the savannah bordering it in the south, is a challenging region where people had and still have to cope with harsh climatic conditions and show resilient behaviours. Besides exponentially growing urban populations, several local groups leading various lifestyles and speaking languages belonging to three main linguistic families still live in rural localities across that region today...
December 7, 2017: HLA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213038/-an-influence-of-interictal-anxiety-on-coping-and-self-control-strategies-for-epileptic-seizures-in-patients-with-temporal-lobe-epilepsy
#7
O V Vorobyova, Yu I Stadniuk
AIM: A comparative analysis of coping and self-control strategies for epileptic seizures in temporal lobe epilepsy patients with and without interictal anxiety. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Authors evaluated interictal anxiety (IA) with HADS, strategies for seizure control with CBES-SC, coping-style with BriefCOPE scale and quality of life with QOLIE-31-P scale in 45 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The control group consisted of 86 healthy individuals. RESULTS: In 35% of patients with TLE, the anxiety (HADS) was higher compared to the normal level...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212997/-the-effects-of-pain-coping-skills-training-among-older-outpatients-with-osteoarthritis
#8
Yasuhiro Nagasawa, Koichiro Oka, Ai Shibata
AIM: The present study examined the effects of individual pain coping-skills training (PCST) on knee pain, pain coping strategies, physical functions, and daily physical activity among older outpatients with osteoarthritis. METHODS: Twenty-five older adults who suffered from knee pain and had been diagnosed to have knee osteoarthritis (men: n=4; 75.4±6.3 years) were assigned to either a PCST group (n=13) or a general health education group (n=12) according to their wishes...
2017: Nihon Ronen Igakkai Zasshi. Japanese Journal of Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212851/omics-of-bifidobacteria-research-and-insights-into-their-health-promoting-activities
#9
REVIEW
Francesca Bottacini, Douwe van Sinderen, Marco Ventura
Members of the genus Bifidobacterium include gut commensals that are particularly abundant among the microbial communities residing in the gut of healthy breast-fed infants, where their presence has been linked to many beneficial host effects. Next-generation DNA sequencing and comparative and functional genome methodologies have been shown to be particularly useful in exploring the diversity of this genus. These combined approaches have allowed the identification of genetic features related to bifidobacterial establishment in the gut, involving host-microbe as well as microbe-microbe interactions...
December 6, 2017: Biochemical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210872/new-nursing-faculty-and-incivility-applying-mindfulness-based-strategies
#10
Cheryl Green
Workplace incivility remains a problem within the nursing profession. As nurse leaders, we must recognize and not ignore the complexity of cultures that have adapted incivility into the work environment. Nursing education is a discipline that requires collaborative team work, independent drive, and commitment. New nursing faculty experiencing incivility can use mindfulness-based meditation approaches to cope with uncivil behaviors experienced within the workplace. Nurse educators applying the concepts of mindfulness can learn how to provide themselves self-care by reducing stress, as enhanced daily awareness of peace and calm are incorporated into their lifestyle...
January 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209267/transition-from-acute-to-chronic-tinnitus-predictors-for-the-development-of-chronic-distressing-tinnitus
#11
Elisabeth Wallhäusser-Franke, Roberto D'Amelio, Anna Glauner, Wolfgang Delb, Jérôme J Servais, Karl Hörmann, Ines Repik
Background: Acute tinnitus and its transition to chronic tinnitus are poorly investigated, and factors associated with amelioration versus exacerbation are largely unknown. Aims of this study were to identify early predictors for the future development of tinnitus severity. Method: Patients with tinnitus of no longer than 4 weeks presenting at an otolaryngologist filled out questionnaires at inclusion (T1), as well as 3 (T3), and 6 months (T4) after tinnitus onset...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208028/psychosocial-effects-of-infertility-among-couples-attending-st-michael-s-hospital-jachie-pramso-in-the-ashanti-region-of-ghana
#12
Reindolf Anokye, Enoch Acheampong, Wisdom Kwadwo Mprah, Janet Opia Ope, Tee Ndele Barivure
OBJECTIVE: Infertility is a life crisis with a wide range of socio-cultural, emotional, physical and financial problems. This study sought to determine the psychosocial effects of infertility among couples attending St. Michael's hospital, Jachie-Pramso. A descriptive study design was adopted using a quantitative approach. A simple random technique was used to select 100 respondents and a structured closed ended questionnaire was administered to couples who visited the St. Michaels Hospital at Jachie-Pramso...
December 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206131/influence-of-maternal-care-on-behavioural-development-of-domestic-dogs-canis-familiaris-living-in-a-home-environment
#13
Giovanna Guardini, Jon Bowen, Chiara Mariti, Jaume Fatjó, Claudio Sighieri, Angelo Gazzano
Maternal care has been shown to affect the development of the brain, behaviour, social skills and emotional systems of the young of many mammalian species including dogs. The aim of the present study was to determine the effects of maternal care on the behavioural responses of family dog puppies towards environmental and social stimuli. In order to do this, maternal care (licking puppy's ano-genital area, licking the puppy, nursing and mother-puppy contact) during the first three weeks after birth was assessed in 12 litters of domestic dog puppies reared in home environments (total = 72 puppies)...
December 5, 2017: Animals: An Open Access Journal From MDPI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204785/quality-of-life-of-french-canadian-parents-raising-a-child-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-effects-of-psychosocial-factors
#14
Émilie Cappe, Nathalie Poirier, Carol Sankey, Andréa Belzil, Carmen Dionne
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the quality of life of parents of a child with autism spectrum disorder in Quebec. METHODS: Seventy-seven participants completed a questionnaire with socio-biographic information and five self-assessed scales, to measure perceived stress, social support and control, coping strategies, and quality of life. RESULTS: Perception of their child's autonomy level, of the severity of the disorder, of the family's income, as well as changes in their professional or familial organization influenced parents' quality of life...
December 4, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203084/the-impact-of-genetic-counselors-use-of-facilitative-strategies-on-cognitive-and-emotional-processing-of-genetic-risk-disclosure-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#15
Yue Guan, Debra L Roter, Jennifer L Wolff, Laura N Gitlin, Kurt D Christensen, J Scott Roberts, Robert C Green, Lori H Erby
OBJECTIVES: To determine the impact of genetic counselor (GC) communication on cognitive and emotional processing of Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk information during discussions with patients with clinical diagnoses of mild cognitive impairment and their companion. METHODS: 79 recordings and transcripts of AD risk disclosure sessions collected as part of the fourth REVEAL Trial were coded using the Roter Interaction Analysis System (RIAS) and the Linguistic Inquiry Word Count (LIWC)...
November 27, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202898/isolated-psychosis-during-exposure-to-very-high-and-extreme-altitude-characterisation-of-a-new-medical-entity
#16
Katharina Hüfner, Hermann Brugger, Eva Kuster, Franziska Dünsser, Agnieszka E Stawinoga, Rachel Turner, Iztok Tomazin, Barbara Sperner-Unterweger
BACKGROUND: Psychotic episodes during exposure to very high or extreme altitude have been frequently reported in mountain literature, but not systematically analysed and acknowledged as a distinct clinical entity. METHODS: Episodes reported above 3500 m altitude with possible psychosis were collected from the lay literature and provide the basis for this observational study. Dimensional criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders were used for psychosis, and the Lake Louise Scoring criteria for acute mountain sickness and high-altitude cerebral oedema (HACE)...
December 5, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200801/social-functioning-and-coping-strategies-in-romanian-and-moldavian-adolescents-with-chronic-diseases
#17
Andreea Mihaela Mihalca, Loredana Ruxandra Diaconu-Gherasim, Lacramioara Ionela Butnariu
The present study aimed to explore the cultural differences in social functioning and coping strategies in chronically ill adolescents. One hundred sixty-eight chronically ill adolescents (45.8 % girls), age 11 to 17 years from Romania (N = 78) and Republic of Moldova (N = 90) were recruited. Participants filled in self-assessment measures for social functioning problems and coping strategies. Results indicated cross-cultural differences in the studied factors: Moldavian adolescents reported more social functioning problems and higher use of maladaptive coping strategies, while using less adaptive strategies than Romanian counterparts...
2017: Current Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198513/the-vulvar-pain-assessment-questionnaire-factor-structure-preliminary-norms-internal-consistency-and-test-retest-reliability
#18
Emma Dargie, Ronald R Holden, Caroline F Pukall
BACKGROUND: The Vulvar Pain Assessment Questionnaire (VPAQ) was developed to assist in the assessment and diagnosis of chronic vulvar pain (vulvodynia). AIM: To further establish the psychometric properties of the VPAQ by examining factor structure, test-retest reliability, internal consistency, and scale normative data, and to gather feedback from those with vulvar pain about the usefulness and accessibility of the questionnaire. METHODS: 182 participants completed a confidential online study and 70 participated again at time 2 (4 weeks later)...
December 2017: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198477/the-assessment-of-psychological-factors-on-upper-extremity-disability-a-scoping-review
#19
Joy C MacDermid, Kristin Valdes, Mike Szerekes, Nancy Naughton, Lori Algar
INTRODUCTION: The primary purpose of this scoping review was to describe the nature and extent of the published research that assesses the relationship between psychological features and patient-reported outcome following surgery or rehabilitation of upper extremity disease or injury. METHODS: Twenty-two included studies were examined for quantitative study design, outcome measure, inclusion/exclusion criteria, follow-up and recruitment strategy. Patient population and psychological assessment tools were examined for validity...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195921/social-cognition-and-self-other-distinctions-in-neuropsychiatry-insights-from-schizophrenia-and-tourette-syndrome
#20
REVIEW
Clare M Eddy
Impairments in social cognition may reflect dysfunction of disorder specific or disorder general mechanisms. Although cross-disorder comparison may prove insightful, few studies have compared social cognition in different neuropsychiatric disorders. Parallel investigation of schizophrenia and Tourette syndrome (TS) is encouraged by similarities including the presence of problematic social behavior, echophenomena, emotional dysregulation and dopamine dysfunction. Focusing on tests of social cognition administered in both disorders, this review aims to summarize behavioral, neurophysiological and neuroimaging findings, before exploring how these may contribute to clinical symptoms...
November 28, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
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