keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Coping strategies

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922667/integrated-strategy-for-mutagenicity-prediction-applied-to-food-contact-chemicals
#1
Serena Manganelli, Benoît Schilter, Emilio Benfenati, Alberto Manganaro, Elena Lo Piparo
Food contamination due to unintentional leakage of chemicals from food contact materials (FCM) is a source of increasing concern. Since for many of these substances, only limited or no toxicological data are available, the development of alternative methodologies to establish rapidly and cost-efficiently level of safety concern is critical to ensure adequate consumer protection. Computational toxicology methods are considered the most promising solutions to cope with this data gap. In particular, mutagenicity assessment has a particular relevance and is a mandatory requirement for all substances released from plastic FCM, regardless how low migration and exposure are...
September 18, 2017: ALTEX
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922007/attachment-based-family-therapy-and-individual-emotion-focused-therapy-for-unresolved-anger-qualitative-analysis-of-treatment-outcomes-and-change-processes
#2
Ravit Steinmann, Inbal Gat, Ofir Nir-Gottlieb, Ben Shahar, Gary M Diamond
Twenty-six clients who received 10 sessions of either attachment-based family therapy (ABFT) or individual emotion-focused therapy (EFT) for unresolved anger toward a parent were interviewed 6 months after completing treatment. Interviews were analyzed using the consensual qualitative research approach. Clients in both conditions reported improved relationships with parents, gaining a new perspective of their parent, increased compassion toward parent, less reactivity to anger, feeling cleaned-out, and acquiring new coping strategies...
September 2017: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919135/are-experiences-of-discrimination-related-to-poorer-dietary-intakes-among-south-asians-in-the-masala-study
#3
Sarah Nadimpalli, Akilah Keita, Jeremy Wang, Alka Kanaya, Namratha Kandula, Kimberly Gans, Sameera Talegawkar
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between self-reported discrimination and dietary intakes among South Asian (SA) people. METHODS: Data from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America study were used to analyze the relationship between self-reported discrimination and dietary behaviors (n = 866). Self-reported discrimination was measured with the 9-item continuous Everyday Discrimination Scale. Diet was measured with a culturally tailored, validated, 163-item food frequency questionnaire for SA individuals...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918715/bracing-later-and-coping-better-benefits-of-mindfulness-during-a-stressful-waiting-period
#4
Kate Sweeny, Jennifer L Howell
People frequently await uncertain news, yet research reveals that the strategies people naturally use to cope with uncertainty are largely ineffective. We tested the role of mindfulness for improving the experience of a stressful waiting period. Law graduates awaiting their bar exam results either reported their trait mindfulness (Study 1; N = 150) or were instructed to practice mindfulness meditation (Study 2; N = 90). As hypothesized, participants who were naturally more mindful or who practiced mindfulness managed their expectations more effectively by bracing for the worst later in the waiting period and perceived themselves as coping better...
October 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918147/invited-review-effects-of-heat-stress-on-dairy-cattle-welfare
#5
Liam Polsky, Marina A G von Keyserlingk
The effects of high ambient temperatures on production animals, once thought to be limited to tropical areas, has extended into northern latitudes in response to the increasing global temperature. The number of days where the temperature-humidity index (THI) exceeds the comfort threshold (>72) is increasing in the northern United States, Canada, and Europe. Compounded by the increasing number of dairy animals and the intensification of production, heat stress has become one of the most important challenges facing the dairy industry today...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916265/glycans-function-as-anchors-for-antibodies-and-help-drive-hiv-broadly-neutralizing-antibody-development
#6
Raiees Andrabi, Ching-Yao Su, Chi-Hui Liang, Sachin S Shivatare, Bryan Briney, James E Voss, Salar Khan Nawazi, Chung-Yi Wu, Chi-Huey Wong, Dennis R Burton
Apex broadly neutralizing HIV antibodies (bnAbs) recognize glycans and protein surface close to the 3-fold axis of the envelope (Env) trimer and are among the most potent and broad Abs described. The evolution of apex bnAbs from one donor (CAP256) has been studied in detail and many Abs at different stages of maturation have been described. Using diverse engineering tools, we investigated the involvement of glycan recognition in the development of the CAP256.VRC26 Ab lineage. We found that sialic acid-bearing glycans were recognized by germline-encoded and somatically mutated residues on the Ab heavy chain...
September 8, 2017: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915841/is-there-room-for-resilience-a-scoping-review-and-critique-of-substance-use-literature-and-its-utilization-of-the-concept-of-resilience
#7
REVIEW
Katherine Rudzinski, Peggy McDonough, Rosemary Gartner, Carol Strike
Research in the area of illicit substance use remains preoccupied with describing and analyzing the risks of people who use drugs (PWUD), however more recently there has been a drive to use a strengths-based or resilience approach as an alternative to investigating drug use. This leads us to ask: what can be known about PWUD from the point of view of resilience? The objective of this scoping review is to analyze how the concept of resilience is defined, operationalized, and applied in substance use research...
September 15, 2017: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914226/comprehensive-care
#8
David Ring
Illness is a combination of pathophysiology and associated thoughts, emotions, and behaviors. Given the large number of treatments that are discretionary and preference sensitive, one goal is accurate diagnosis of patient preferences. Reliance on biomedical treatments (e.g., medication and procedures) may overlook important opportunities for improved health such as amelioration of stress and distress and training in more effective coping strategies.
December 1, 2016: Care Management Journals: Journal of Case Management ; the Journal of Long Term Home Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913979/physical-pain-increases-interpersonal-trust-in-females
#9
C Wang, J Gao, Y Ma, C Zhu, X-W Dong
BACKGROUND: People behave and interact with others differently when experiencing physical pain. Pain has dramatic effects on one's emotional responses, cognitive functions and social interaction. However, little has been known about whether and how physical pain influences interpersonal trust in social interaction. In the present study, we examined the influence of physical pain on trusting behaviour. METHODS: A total of 112 healthy participants were recruited and assigned to physical pain condition (induced by Capsaicin) and control condition (with hand cream), respectively...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912742/perception-action-and-cognition-of-football-referees-in-extreme-temperatures-impact-on-decision-performance
#10
Nadia Gaoua, Rita F de Oliveira, Steve Hunter
Different professional domains require high levels of physical performance alongside fast and accurate decision-making. Construction workers, police officers, firefighters, elite sports men and women, the military and emergency medical professionals are often exposed to hostile environments with limited options for behavioral coping strategies. In this (mini) review we use football refereeing as an example to discuss the combined effect of intense physical activity and extreme temperatures on decision-making and suggest an explicative model...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905650/a-contextual-behavior-science-framework-for-understanding-how-behavioral-flexibility-relates-to-anxiety
#11
Kathleen M Palm Reed, Amy Y Cameron, Victoria E Ameral
There is a growing literature focusing on the emerging idea that behavioral flexibility, rather than particular emotion regulation strategies per se, provides greater promise in predicting and influencing anxiety-related psychopathology. Yet this line of research and theoretical analysis appear to be plagued by its own challenges. For example, middle-level constructs, such as behavioral flexibility, are difficult to define, difficult to measure, and difficult to interpret in relation to clinical interventions...
September 1, 2017: Behavior Modification
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905138/the-effectiveness-of-a-knowledge-translation-cognitive-educational-intervention-for-family-members-of-persons-coping-with-severe-mental-illness
#12
P Weiss, N Hadas-Lidor, A Weizman, D Sachs
Keshet, a course for family members of persons' coping with mental illness, was developed to enhance positive family cognitive communication skills. Improving communication with the use of mediation techniques, primarily used by therapists, creates a learning environment viewed as a strategy of Knowledge Translation. To examine the effectiveness of Keshet in improving attitudes, problem solving, communication skills and attenuation of burden a quasi-experimental research design was applied with study and control condition...
September 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904910/complications-acknowledging-managing-and-coping-with-human-error
#13
REVIEW
Sevann Helo, Carol-Anne E Moulton
Errors are inherent in medicine due to the imperfectness of human nature. Health care providers may have a difficult time accepting their fallibility, acknowledging mistakes, and disclosing errors. Fear of litigation, shame, blame, and concern about reputation are just some of the barriers preventing physicians from being more candid with their patients, despite the supporting body of evidence that patients cite poor communication and lack of transparency as primary drivers to file a lawsuit in the wake of a medical complication...
August 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901829/resilience-to-discrimination-and-rejection-among-young-sexual-minority-males-and-transgender-females-a-qualitative-study-on-coping-with-minority-stress
#14
Laura Jane Bry, Brian Mustanski, Robert Garofalo, Michelle Nicole Burns
Sexual minority and transgender status is associated with mental health disparities, which have been empirically and theoretically linked to stressors related to social stigma. Despite exposure to these unique stressors, many sexual minority and transgender individuals will not experience mental health disorders in their lifetime. Little is known about the specific processes that sexual minority and transgender youth use to maintain their wellbeing in the presence of discrimination and rejection. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 sexual minority males and transgender females aged 18-22 years, who currently met criteria for an operationalized definition of resilience to depression and anxiety...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Homosexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901787/medication-management-strategies-used-by-older-adults-with-heart-failure-a-systems-based-analysis
#15
Robin S Mickelson, Richard J Holden
BACKGROUND: Older adults with heart failure use strategies to cope with the constraining barriers impeding medication management. Strategies are behavioral adaptations that allow goal achievement despite these constraining conditions. When strategies do not exist, are ineffective or maladaptive, medication performance and health outcomes are at risk. While constraints to medication adherence are described in literature, strategies used by patients to manage medications are less well-described or understood...
September 1, 2017: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900256/genomic-and-transcriptomic-analysis-of-the-toluene-degrading-black-yeast-cladophialophora-immunda
#16
Barbara Blasi, Hakim Tafer, Christina Kustor, Caroline Poyntner, Ksenija Lopandic, Katja Sterflinger
Cladophialophora immunda is an ascomycotal species belonging to the group of the black yeasts. These fungi have a thick and melanized cell wall and other physiological adaptations that allows them to cope with several extreme physical and chemical conditions. Member of the group can colonize some of the most extremophilic environments on Earth. Cladophialophora immunda together with a few other species of the order Chaetothyriales show a special association with hydrocarbon polluted environments. The finding that the fungus is able to completely mineralize toluene makes it an interesting candidate for bioremediation purposes...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899961/abscisic-acid-down-regulates-hydraulic-conductance-of-grapevine-leaves-in-isohydric-genotypes-only
#17
Aude Coupel-Ledru, Stephen Tyerman, Diane Masclef, Eric Lebon, Angélique Christophe, Everard J Edwards, Thierry Simonneau
Plants evolved different strategies to cope with water stress. While isohydric species maintain their midday leaf water potential (ΨM) under soil water deficit by closing their stomata, anisohydric species maintain higher stomatal aperture and exhibit substantial reductions in ΨM. It was hypothesized that isohydry is related to a locally higher sensitivity of stomata to the drought-hormone abscisic acid (ABA). Interestingly, recent lines of evidence in Arabidopsis suggested that stomatal responsiveness is also controlled by an ABA action on leaf water supply upstream from stomata...
September 12, 2017: Plant Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899538/relationship-between-stress-coping-and-sleep-disorders-among-the-general-japanese-population-a-nationwide-representative-survey
#18
Yuichiro Otsuka, Yoshitaka Kaneita, Osamu Itani, Sachi Nakagome, Maki Jike, Takashi Ohida
OBJECTIVE: To clarify the prevalence of stress, and examine the relationship between sleep disorders and stress coping strategies among highly stressed individuals in the general Japanese population. METHODS: A cross-sectional nationwide survey was undertaken in November 2007. Men and women were randomly selected from 300 districts throughout Japan. Data from 7671 (3532 men (average age 53.5 ± 17.0 years) and 4139 women (average age 53.9 ± 17.7 years)) were analyzed...
September 2017: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898859/antibacterial-clay-against-gram-negative-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria
#19
Luis Zarate-Reyes, Cynthia Lopez-Pacheco, Antonio Nieto-Camacho, Eduardo Palacios, Virginia Gómez-Vidales, Stephan Kaufhold, Kristian Ufer, Eduardo García Zepeda, Javiera Cervini-Silva
Antibiotic resistant bacteria persist throughout the world because they have evolved the ability to express various defense mechanisms to cope with antibiotics and the immune system; thus, low-cost strategies for the treatment of these bacteria are needed, such as the usage of environmental minerals. This paper reports the antimicrobial properties of a clay collected from Brunnenberg, Germany, that is composed of ferroan saponite with admixtures of quartz, feldspar and calcite as well as exposed or hidden (layered at inner regions) nano Fe(0)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898602/parallel-patterns-of-host-specific-morphology-and-genetic-admixture-in-sister-lineages-of-a-commensal-barnacle
#20
Christine Ewers-Saucedo, Benny K K Chan, John D Zardus, John P Wares
Symbiotic relationships are often species specific, allowing symbionts to adapt to their host environments. Host generalists, on the other hand, have to cope with diverse environments. One coping strategy is phenotypic plasticity, defined by the presence of host-specific phenotypes in the absence of genetic differentiation. Recent work indicates that such host-specific phenotypic plasticity is present in the West Pacific lineage of the commensal barnacle Chelonibia testudinaria (Linnaeus, 1758). We investigated genetic and morphological host-specific structure in the genetically distinct Atlantic sister lineage of C...
June 2017: Biological Bulletin
keyword
keyword
88960
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"