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Coping strategies

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742807/association-of-coping-strategies-with-mortality-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-hemodialysis-patients-the-japan-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study
#1
Kakuya Niihata, Shingo Fukuma, Tadao Akizawa, Shunichi Fukuhara
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis patients are exposed to disease- and treatment-related stresses, and use various coping strategies to deal with these stresses. Although some studies have reported the association of coping strategies with mortality or health-related quality of life (QOL) in some populations, the effect of coping strategies on clinical outcomes in hemodialysis patients remains unclear. We investigated the association in a longitudinal design among Japanese hemodialysis patients...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741424/validity-of-the-breakup-strategies-questionnaire-in-korea-exploratory-structural-equation-modeling-and-rasch-s-modeling
#2
Dong-Gwi Lee, Harim Sohn, Byeong Hoon Bae, Yoorim Song
This study examines the validity of the Korean implementation of the Breakup Strategies Questionnaire. In Study 1, the construct validity of the Breakup Strategies Questionnaire was explored with 292 Korean undergraduate students. Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling and Rasch's Modeling suggest 30 items with four factors (Avoidance/withdrawal, Positive tone/self-blame, Open confrontation, and Indirect manipulation) and five points in response. Study 2 with 174 Korean undergraduate students suggested potential gender differences in breakup strategy dimensions and provided support for concurrent validity with a measure of personal styles of coping as well as discriminant validity with social desirability...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741136/predictors-of-resilience-and-posttraumatic-growth-among-people-living-with-hiv-a-longitudinal-study
#3
Helena Garrido-Hernansaiz, Patrick J Murphy, Jesús Alonso-Tapia
This longitudinal study investigated the predictors of HIV-related resilience (HR) and posttraumatic growth (PTG) among Spanish-speaking HIV-positive people. Perceived past resilience, internalised stigma, and coping strategies were hypothesised as possible predictors. Data were collected at two time points from 119 HIV-positive people. Path analyses with latent variables revealed that half of HR 8 months after diagnosis was predicted by rumination, emotional expression, positive thinking, internalised stigma, and perceived past resilience...
July 24, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740427/vulvodynia-is-not-created-equally-empirical-classification-of-women-with-vulvodynia
#4
Meryl Alappattu, Georgine Lamvu, Jessica Feranec, Kathryn Witzeman, Michael Robinson, Andrea Rapkin
BACKGROUND: Vulvodynia classification is based on the sensory dimensions of pain and does not include psychological factors associated with the pain experience and treatment outcomes. Previous work has shown that individuals with chronic pain can be classified into subgroups based on pain sensitivity, psychological distress, mood, and symptom severity. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify distinct subgroups of women with vulvodynia enrolled in the National Vulvodynia Registry...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736698/impact-of-automated-ica-based-denoising-of-fmri-data-in-acute-stroke-patients
#5
D Carone, R Licenik, S Suri, L Griffanti, N Filippini, J Kennedy
Different strategies have been developed using Independent Component Analysis (ICA) to automatically de-noise fMRI data, either focusing on removing only certain components (e.g. motion-ICA-AROMA, Pruim et al., 2015a) or using more complex classifiers to remove multiple types of noise components (e.g. FIX, Salimi-Khorshidi et al., 2014 Griffanti et al., 2014). However, denoising data obtained in an acute setting might prove challenging: the presence of multiple noise sources may not allow focused strategies to clean the data enough and the heterogeneity in the data may be so great to critically undermine complex approaches...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735721/-the-first-moments-of-the-carer-the-process-of-becoming-a-caregiver-of-a-dependent-elderly-relative
#6
Lourdes Moral-Fernández, Antonio Frías-Osuna, Sara Moreno-Cámara, Pedro A Palomino-Moral, Rafael Del-Pino-Casado
AIM: Describe the initial process through which people who imminently become caregivers of a dependent elderly relative. DESIGN: Qualitative study, for which its analysis has been directed by Grounded Theory principles. LOCATION: This study was conducted in the Health Districts of Jaén, during 2015 and 2016 at the community level. PARTICIPANTS AND/OR CONTEXTS: The recruitment was carried out by managers of the Health Centres of each Health District, who located the participants who met the inclusion criteria and invited them to participate in the study...
July 20, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735404/porous-graphitic-carbon-liquid-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-analysis-of-drought-stress-responsive-raffinose-family-oligosaccharides-in-plant-tissues
#7
Tiago F Jorge, Maria H Florêncio, Carla António
Drought is a major limiting factor in agriculture and responsible for dramatic crop yield losses worldwide. The adjustment of the metabolic status via accumulation of drought stress-responsive osmolytes is one of the many strategies that some plants have developed to cope with water deficit conditions. Osmolytes are highly polar compounds, analysis of whcih is difficult with typical reversed-phase chromatography. Porous graphitic carbon (PGC) has shown to be a suitable alternative to reversed-phase stationary phases for the analysis of highly polar compounds typically found in the plant metabolome...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735161/types-of-strain-among-family-members-of-individuals-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-across-the-lifespan
#8
Carolyn M Shivers, Katarina Krizova, Gloria K Lee
BACKGROUND: Although increased caregiver strain is often found among family caregivers of individuals with autism spectrum disorder, it is still unclear as to how different types of strain relate to amount and types of caregiving across the lifespan. AIMS: The present study examined different types of strain (i.e. subjective internalized strain, subjective externalized strain, and objective strain) and how such strain relates to the amount of caregiving responsibilities...
July 20, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733132/plastic-and-micro-evolutionary-responses-of-a-nematode-to-the-host-immune-environment
#9
Emmanuel Guivier, Cédric Lippens, Bruno Faivre, Gabriele Sorci
Parasitic organisms have to cope with the defences deployed by their hosts and this can be achieved adopting immune evasion strategies or optimal life history traits according to the prevailing pattern of immune-mediated mortality. Parasites often encounter variable immune environments both within and between hosts, promoting the evolution of plastic strategies instead of fixed responses. Here, we explored the plasticity and micro-evolutionary responses of immunomodulatory mechanisms and life history traits to the immune environment provided by the host, using the parasitic nematode Heligmosomoides polygyrus...
July 18, 2017: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28732261/predictors-of-disclosure-management-behavior-at-the-end-of-1-year-follow-up-in-korean-adults-with-newly-diagnosed-epilepsy
#10
Sang-Ahm Lee, Soon-Kee No, Hyungkook Park, Ok-Joon Kim, Jee-Hyun Kwon, Ji-Yeon Ryu, Sang-Moo Lee, Kwang-Deog Jo
PURPOSE: Epilepsy is a concealable stigmatizing condition. We investigated the factors predicting disclosure management behavior in Korean adults with newly diagnosed epilepsy. METHODS: This longitudinal multicenter study included Korean adults with newly diagnosed epilepsy. Using statistical analyses, we determined at the end of a 1-year follow-up whether Disclosure Management Scale (DMS) scores were predicted by demographic, clinical, and psychosocial variables, including felt stigma, stress coping style, personality traits, social support, and experienced discrimination from society...
July 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730481/label-free-phosphoproteomic-approach-for-kinase-signaling-analysis
#11
Edmund Wilkes, Pedro R Cutillas
Phosphoproteomics is a powerful platform for the unbiased profiling of kinase-driven signaling pathways. Quantitation of phosphorylation can be performed by means of either labeling or label-free mass spectrometry (MS) methods. Because of their simplicity and universality, label-free methodology is gaining acceptance and popularity in molecular biology research. Analytical workflows for label-free quantification of phosphorylation, however, need to overcome several hurdles for the technique to be accurate and precise...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730064/access-to-curriculum-for-students-with-disabilities-at-higher-education-institutions-how-does-the-national-university-of-lesotho-fare
#12
Paseka A Mosia, Nareadi Phasha
BACKGROUND: Creating access to curricula at institutions of higher education for students with disabilities requires a concerted effort from management and other key stakeholders to identify students' needs and create opportunities for success. OBJECTIVES: This paper presents the findings of a study which examined students with disabilities' access to curricula at a higher education institution in Lesotho. METHOD: Data for this qualitative study were collected using three methods: in-depth interviews, focus group discussions and document analysis...
2017: Afr J Disabil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729423/protection-of-the-general-stress-response-%C3%AF-s-by-crsr-allows-a-rapid-and-efficient-adaptation-of-shewanella-oneidensis
#13
Sophie Bouillet, Olivier Genest, Vincent Méjean, Chantal Iobbi-Nivol
To cope with environmental stresses, bacteria have evolved various strategies, including the general stress response (GSR). GSR is governed by an alternative transcriptional sigma factor named σ(S) (RpoS) that associates with RNA polymerase and controls the expression of numerous genes. Previously, we have reported that posttranslational regulation of σ(S) in the aquatic bacterium Shewanella oneidensis involves the CrsR-CrsA partner-switching regulatory system, but the exact mechanism by which CrsR and CrsA control σ(S) activity is not completely unveiled...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727217/adaptation-strategies-to-climate-change-in-marine-systems
#14
Dana D Miller, Yoshitaka Ota, U Rashid Sumaila, Andrés M Cisneros-Montemayor, William W L Cheung
The world's oceans are highly impacted by climate change and other human pressures, with significant implications for marine ecosystems and the livelihoods that they support. Adaptation for both natural and human systems is increasingly important as a coping strategy due to the rate and scale of ongoing and potential future change. Here, we conduct a review of literature concerning specific case studies of adaptation in marine systems, and discuss associated characteristics and influencing factors, including drivers, strategy, timeline, costs, and limitations...
July 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726482/-great-powers-and-great-responsibilities-a-brief-comment-on-a-brief-mobile-app-reduces-nonsuicidal-and-suicidal-self-injury-evidence-from-three-randomized-controlled-trials-franklin-et-al-2016
#15
Emma Nielsen, Olivia J Kirtley, Ellen Townsend
Online and mobile mental health applications (apps) herald exciting new opportunities for the treatment and prevention of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs). With such rapid technological advances, it is paramount that health care innovation not be achieved to the detriment of intervention quality. Franklin et al.'s (2016) therapeutic evaluative conditioning (TEC) app is a novel and timely addition to the mobile health landscape; uncommonly for such apps, it is evidence based. There are, however, several crucial challenges to be surmounted for TEC to be successful; arguably, interventions ought to build lasting skills that can be subsequently and consciously recruited to manage distress beyond the intervention period...
August 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726442/ptsd-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-co-morbidity-gaps-in-research-and-potential-shared-mechanisms
#16
Nirit Haruvi-Lamdan, Danny Horesh, Ofer Golan
BACKGROUND: While autism and trauma were often linked in psychoanalytic theory, very few scientific attempts have been made to explore the associations and comorbidity between the two. Instead, each area has grown separately, yielding large bodies of theoretical and clinical knowledge. THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK: In this article, we suggest several possible pathways that may link trauma and autism. First, autism spectrum disorder (ASD) may serve as a vulnerability marker for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), specifically by increasing the risk for exposure to traumatic events...
July 20, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724471/what-influences-diet-quality-in-older-people-a-qualitative-study-among-community-dwelling-older-adults-from-the-hertfordshire-cohort-study-uk
#17
Ilse Bloom, Wendy Lawrence, Mary Barker, Janis Baird, Elaine Dennison, Avan Aihie Sayer, Cyrus Cooper, Sian Robinson
OBJECTIVE: To explore influences on diet in a group of community-dwelling older adults in the UK. DESIGN: Data were collected through focus group discussions with older people; discussions were audio-recorded, transcribed verbatim and transcripts analysed thematically. SETTING: Hertfordshire, UK. SUBJECTS: Participants were sampled purposively from the Hertfordshire Cohort Study, focusing on those whose diets had been assessed at two time points: 1998-2001 and 2011...
July 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723916/stakeholders-views-and-experiences-of-care-and-interventions-for-addressing-frailty-and-pre-frailty-a-meta-synthesis-of-qualitative-evidence
#18
Barbara D'Avanzo, Rachel Shaw, Silvia Riva, Joao Apostolo, Elzbieta Bobrowicz-Campos, Donata Kurpas, Maria Bujnowska, Carol Holland
Frailty is a common condition in older age and is a public health concern which requires integrated care and involves different stakeholders. This meta-synthesis focuses on experiences, understanding, and attitudes towards screening, care, intervention and prevention for frailty across frail and healthy older persons, caregivers, health and social care practitioners. Studies published since 2001 were identified through search of electronic databases; 81 eligible papers were identified and read in full, and 45 papers were finally included and synthesized...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723724/coping-strategies-used-by-breast-prostate-and-colorectal-cancer-survivors-a-literature-review
#19
Mari P Lashbrook, Patricia C Valery, Vikki Knott, Marilynne N Kirshbaum, Christina M Bernardes
BACKGROUND: Individual coping strategies are a fundamental element underpinning psychosocial distress. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe coping strategies and their measurement used by survivors of breast, prostate, and/or colorectal cancer after treatment. METHODS: A search of electronic databases (PubMed, CINAHL, and PsycINFO) was conducted from January 1980 to March 2015. Data were extracted using standardized forms and included studies that explored the coping mechanisms of survivorship of breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 14, 2017: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722644/children-diagnosed-with-auditory-processing-disorder-and-their-parents-a-qualitative-study-about-perceptions-of-living-with-apd
#20
Sarah Lawton, Suzanne C Purdy, Rose Thomas Kalathottukaren
BACKGROUND: Negative psychosocial consequences have been reported for children with auditory processing disorder (APD). The current literature surrounding APD does not sufficiently address the emotional and psychological consequences of living with the disorder. It is recommended that data be collected from multiple sources, including the child living with APD. Subjective reports of the perceptions of children with APD and their families have real-life validity and can inform clinical decisions and guide future research...
July 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
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