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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908474/early-warnings-for-suicide-attempt-among-chinese-rural-population
#1
Juncheng Lyu, Yingying Wang, Hong Shi, Jie Zhang
OBJECTIVE: This study was to explore the main influencing factors of attempted suicide and establish an early warning model, so as to put forward prevention strategies for attempted suicide. METHOD: Data came from a large-scale case-control epidemiological survey. A sample of 659 serious suicide attempters was randomly recruited from 13 rural counties in China. Each case was matched by a community control for gender, age, and residence location. Face to face interviews were conducted for all the cases and controls with the same structured questionnaire...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905768/brain-activity-and-network-interactions-in-the-impact-of-internal-emotional-distraction
#2
A D Iordan, S Dolcos, F Dolcos
Emotional distraction may come from the external world and from our mind, as internal distraction. Although external emotional distraction has been extensively investigated, less is known about the mechanisms associated with the impact of internal emotional distraction on cognitive performance, and those involved in coping with such distraction. These issues were investigated using a working memory task with emotional distraction, where recollected unpleasant autobiographical memories served as internal emotional distraction...
June 14, 2018: Cerebral Cortex
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903408/-biopsychosocial-approach-to-caregiving-burden-why-should-we-care-about-caregivers-health
#3
Antoine Leurs, Benoit Trojak, Eddy Ponavoy, Bernard Bonin, Jean-Christophe Chauvet-Gelinier
There are 11 million family caregivers in France and some estimates indicate that there will be 17 million in 2020. Caregiving is a source of chronic stress that requires adaptation and coping strategies. Caregiving may benefit the health of a caregiver with a positive coping style and altruistic goals. However, the caregiver's burden is frequently associated with negative effects in terms of biopsychosocial imbalance and medical conditions, with frequent anxiety and depression. The management of the caregiving burden starts with the recognition of health professionals - caregivers may benefit from consultation-liaison psychiatry and multidisciplinary medico-social strategies, in addition to constant support from their GPs...
June 11, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903010/a-population-based-study-of-the-influence-of-socioeconomic-status-on-prostate-cancer-diagnosis-in-taiwan
#4
Chi-Chen Wu, Ching-Heng Lin, Han-Sun Chiang, Ming-Je Tang
BACKGROUND: Disparities in prostate cancer (PCa) outcomes and their links to socioeconomic status (SES) have been intensively studied. A relatively low incidence rate and a high proportion of late-stage diagnosis have been documented in studies of Asian populations. For the past 20 years, the trend in the growth of PCa cases in Taiwan was opposite to that of Western countries. However, there is a striking paucity of local studies on these important issues. To mitigate this gap in knowledge, we exploited two population databases to investigate the impact of SES on PCa incidence rate and stage at diagnosis...
June 15, 2018: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902478/orexin-signaling-during-social-defeat-stress-influences-subsequent-social-interaction-behaviour-and-recognition-memory
#5
Darrell Eacret, Laura A Grafe, Jane Dobkin, Anthony L Gotter, John J Rengerb, Christopher J Winrow, Seema Bhatnagar
Orexins are neuropeptides synthesized in the lateral hypothalamus that influence arousal, feeding, reward pathways, and the response to stress. However, the role of orexins in repeated stress is not fully characterized. Here, we examined how orexins and their receptors contribute to the coping response during repeated social defeat and subsequent anxiety-like and memory-related behaviors. Specifically, we used Designer Receptors Exclusively Activated by Designer Drugs (DREADDs) to stimulate orexins prior to each of five consecutive days of social defeat stress in adult male rats...
June 11, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902250/inhibition-of-mitochondrial-respiration-under-hypoxia-and-increased-antioxidant-activity-after-reoxygenation-of-tribolium-castaneum
#6
Lei Wang, Sufen Cui, Zhicheng Liu, Yong Ping, Jiangping Qiu, Xueqing Geng
Regulating the air in low-oxygen environments protects hermetically stored grains from storage pests damage. However, pests that can tolerate hypoxic stress pose a huge challenge in terms of grain storage. We used various biological approaches to determine the fundamental mechanisms of Tribolium castaneum to cope with hypoxia. Our results indicated that limiting the available oxygen to T. castaneum increased glycolysis and inhibited the Krebs cycle, and that accumulated pyruvic acid was preferentially converted to lactic acid via anaerobic metabolism...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902224/premorbid-risk-perception-lifestyle-adherence-and-coping-strategies-of-people-with-diabetes-mellitus-a-phenomenological-study-in-the-brong-ahafo-region-of-ghana
#7
Philip Teg-Nefaah Tabong, Vitalis Bawontuo, Doris Ningwiebe Dumah, Joseph Maaminu Kyilleh, Tolgou Yempabe
BACKGROUND: One of the non-communicable diseases which is on the rise is type 2 diabetes (T2D). T2D is largely preventable with healthy lifestyle. We therefore conducted this study to explore premorbid perception of risk, behavioural practices and the coping strategies of patients with T2D. METHODS: Using descriptive phenomenology approach to qualitative enquiry, we conducted eight focus group discussions (N = 73) with diabetic patients; four among males (N = 36) and four among females (N = 37)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902134/catastrophic-costs-of-tuberculosis-care-a-mixed-methods-study-from-puducherry-india
#8
Thirunavukkarasu Prasanna, Kathiresan Jeyashree, Palanivel Chinnakali, Yogesh Bahurupi, Kavita Vasudevan, Mrinalini Das
BACKGROUND: The average expenditure incurred by patients in low- and middle-income countries towards diagnosis and treatment of TB ranges from $55 to $8198. This out-of-pocket expenditure leads to impoverishment of households. One of the three main targets of the End TB Strategy (2016-2035) is that no TB-affected household suffers catastrophic costs due to TB. Study setting was free care under national tuberculosis program (NTP), Puducherry district, India. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the study were among the newly diagnosed and previously treated tuberculosis (TB) patients, to (a) estimate patient costs during diagnosis and intensive phase of treatment, (b) determine the proportion of households experiencing catastrophic costs, and (c) explore coping strategies...
2018: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902038/coping-strategies-and-support-structures-of-addiction-affected-families-a-qualitative-study-from-goa-india
#9
Sydney Church, Urvita Bhatia, Richard Velleman, Gill Velleman, Jim Orford, Anil Rane, Abhijit Nadkarni
INTRODUCTION: Despite the large burden of a relative's drinking on their family members, the latter's perspectives and experiences are largely neglected. The aims of this article are to assess the coping strategies used by affected family members (AFMs) in Goa, India, and to examine the nature of the support they have for dealing with their drinking relative. METHOD: In-depth interviews were conducted with adult AFMs selected through purposive and maximum variation sampling...
June 2018: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902020/pilot-intervention-for-discrimination-related-coping-among-hiv-positive-black-sexual-minority-men
#10
Laura M Bogart, Sannisha K Dale, Gary K Daffin, Kinjal N Patel, David J Klein, Kenneth H Mayer, David W Pantalone
OBJECTIVES: Discrimination is associated with worse health. Although interventions have been developed to improve coping with general stressors and chronic illness, no literature to date has reported the development and testing of an intervention specifically to address coping with discrimination. We examined the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary effects of Still Climbin', a pilot intervention created to improve coping with discrimination experienced by HIV-positive Black sexual minority men, who face significant HIV-related disparities...
June 14, 2018: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899805/the-mediational-role-of-coping-strategies-in-the-relationship-between-self-esteem-and-risk-of-internet-addiction
#11
Rocco Servidio, Ambra Gentile, Stefano Boca
The aim of the present study is to explore, through a mediation model, the relationship among self-esteem, coping strategies, and the risk of Internet addiction in a sample of 300 Italian university students. We submitted the data to a descriptive, mediational comparison between variables (t-test), and correlational statistical analyses. The results confirmed the effect of self-esteem on the risk of Internet addiction. However, we found that the introduction of coping strategies as a mediator gives rise to partial mediation...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899804/effects-of-individual-differences-and-job-characteristics-on-the-psychological-health-of-italian-nurses
#12
Maria Clelia Zurlo, Federica Vallone, Andrew P Smith
The Demand Resources and Individual Effects Model (DRIVE Model) is a transactional model that integrates Demands- Control-Support and Effort-Reward Imbalance models emphasising the role of individual (Coping Strategies; Overcommitment) and job characteristics (Job Demands, Social Support, Decision Latitude, Skill Discretion, Effort, Rewards) in the work-related stress process. The present study aimed to test the DRIVE Model in a sample of 450 Italian nurses and to compare findings with those of a study conducted in a sample of UK nurses...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898723/multiple-policy-approaches-in-improving-community-pharmacy-practice-the-case-in-indonesia
#13
Andi Hermansyah, Erica Sainsbury, Ines Krass
BACKGROUND: Health reform has been an ongoing agenda in many countries with community pharmacy increasingly gaining attention for contributing to healthcare improvement. Likewise, multiple policy approaches have been introduced to improve community pharmacy practice in Indonesia yet no studies have evaluated their effectiveness. Therefore, this study aimed to identify and collate information on approaches intended to improve practice in Indonesian community pharmacy and subsequently examine the perceptions of key stakeholders in healthcare and community pharmacy about these approaches and the extent to which they have affected community pharmacists as a profession...
June 14, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898009/pain-perception-and-pain-coping-mechanisms-in-children-and-adolescents-with-juvenile-fibromyalgia-and-polyarticular-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis
#14
Melissa Mariti Fraga, Maria Teresa Terreri, Rafael Teixeira Azevedo, Maria Odete Esteves Hilário, Claudio Arnaldo Len
OBJECTIVE: To measure and compare musculoskeletal pain in patients with juvenile fibromyalgia (JFM) and polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and to evaluate and compare pain perception and pain coping mechanisms in these patients. METHODS: In this cross sectional study, we evaluated 150 children and adolescents, and their respective parents, from 3 different groups: JFM, polyarticular JIA, and healthy controls. Pain intensity and pain coping mechanisms were measured using specific questionnaires...
June 11, 2018: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897444/prayer-and-faith-spiritual-coping-among-american-indian-women-cancer-survivors
#15
Soonhee Roh, Catherine E Burnette, Yeon-Shim Lee
Although cancer disparities among American Indian (AI) women are alarming, research on spiritual coping among this population is virtually nonexistent. This is particularly problematic, given the importance of medical practitioners' discussing the topic with cancer patients, along with the centrality of spirituality to many AI patients. The purpose of this article was to explore AI women cancer survivors' spiritual coping with their experiences. Using a community-based participatory research approach, this qualitative descriptive study included a sample of 43 AI women cancer survivors (n = 14 breast cancer, n = 14 cervical cancer, and n = 15 colon and other types of cancer)...
June 12, 2018: Health & Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897027/the-strengths-and-difficulties-questionnaire-dysregulation-profile-non-suicidal-self-injury-behaviors-and-the-mediating-role-of-stressful-life-events
#16
Irene Caro-Cañizares, Mónica Díaz de Neira-Hernando, Bernadette Pfang, Enrique Baca-Garcia, Juan J Carballo
Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors are self-injurious behaviors inflicted without intending death. Literature has shown the relationship between stressful life events (SLE) and NSSI behaviors. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire-Dysregulation Profile (SDQ-DP) is defined as an index of self-regulatory problems, related to higher risk for suicidal ideation and attempts in adolescents. In this study the relationship between SDQ-DP and NSSI behaviors, mediated by SLE in a clinical sample of children and adolescents is analyzed...
June 13, 2018: Spanish Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896047/target-coping-strategies-for-interventions-aimed-at-maximizing-psychosocial-adjustment-in-people-with-multiple-sclerosis
#17
Lisa B Grech, Litza A Kiropoulos, Katherine M Kirby, Ernest Butler, Mark Paine, Robert Hester
Background: The experience of psychological distress is prevalent in people with multiple sclerosis (MS), including high levels of stress, anxiety, and depression. It has been shown that people with MS use less adaptive coping compared with healthy individuals. This study examined the ability of coping strategies to predict maladaptive and adaptive psychosocial outcomes across areas of stress, depression, anxiety, and quality of life (QOL) in people with MS. Methods: 107 people with MS completed measures of depression (Beck Depression Inventory-II), anxiety (State-Trait Anxiety Inventory), QOL (Multiple Sclerosis Quality of Life-54), stress (Daily Hassles Scale), and coping (COPE inventory)...
May 2018: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895484/coping-and-cardiac-troponin-t-a-risk-for-hypertension-and-sub-clinical-ecg-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-the-sabpa-study
#18
Catharina Elizabeth Myburgh, Leoné Malan, Annemarie Wentzel, Jacobus De Wet Scheepers, Nicolaas Theodor Malan
BACKGROUND: Defensive coping (DefS) was associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) susceptibility in Blacks. Whether coping strategies will associate with sub-clinical left ventricular hypertrophy (electrocardiographic-left ventricular hypertrophy [ECG-LVH] or Cornell product), cardiomyocyte injury and blood pressure (BP), is unclear. Therefore, we assessed relationships between ECG-LVH, cardiac troponin T (cTnT) and 24-hour BP in bi-ethnic groups when habitually utilising a certain coping style, and these groups when having a stress-related cTnT cut-point of 4...
May 31, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893038/patient-information-needs-in-upper-gastrointestinal-cancer-what-patients-and-their-families-want-to-know
#19
REVIEW
Bacil Otutaha, Sanket Srinivasa, Jonathan Koea
BACKGROUND: The treatment of upper gastrointestinal cancer (UGIC) patients is complex. Patients are often elderly, comorbid as well as nutritionally depleted and treatment involves multimodality therapy incorporating chemotherapy, radiation therapy and surgery. The pre-treatment information requirements of UGIC patients are not clear but crucially important in ensuring they complete treatment successfully. METHODS: A systematic review of the English language literature was performed to determine the specific information needs of patients with UGIC...
June 11, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29892703/ethnic-variations-in-the-relationship-between-multiple-stress-domains-and-use-of-several-types-of-tobacco-nicotine-products-among-a-diverse-sample-of-adults
#20
Christopher J Rogers, Myriam Forster, Jennifer B Unger
Introduction: Financial strain and discrimination are consistent predictors of negative health outcomes and maladaptive coping behaviors, including tobacco use. Although there is considerable information exploring stress and smoking, limited research has examined the relationship between patterns of stress domains and specific tobacco/nicotine product use. Even fewer studies have assessed ethnic variations in these relationships. Methods: This study investigated the relationship between discrimination and financial strain and current tobacco/nicotine product use and explored the ethnic variation in these relationships among diverse sample of US adults ( N  = 1068)...
June 2018: Addictive Behaviors Reports
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