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Coping strategies

Rafaela Amaral Dos Reis, Els Keunen, Miguel Pedro Mourato, Luísa Louro Martins, Jaco Vangronsveld, Ann Cuypers
The natural accession Columbia (Col-0) is considered as the reference genome of the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Nonetheless, Col-0 plants are more sensitive to excess copper (Cu) and cadmium (Cd) than other widely used accessions such as Wassilewskija (Ws) plants. In the current study, this accession-specific metal sensitivity is further explored by comparing the responses in leaves of Col-0 and Ws plants exposed to excess Cu and Cd. Our results suggest that different life strategies favored by both accessions under physiological conditions affect their response to metal exposure...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Plant Physiology
René Schalk, Melanie De Ruiter, Joost Van Loon, Evy Kuijpers, Tine Van Regenmortel
Recently, scholars have emphasized the importance of examining how employees cope with psychological contract violation and how the coping process contributes to psychological contract violation resolution and post-violation psychological contracts. Recent work points to the important role of problem-focused coping. Yet, to date, problem-focused coping strategies have not been conceptualized on a continuum from constructive to destructive strategies. Consequently, potential differences in the use of specific types of problem-focused coping strategies and the role these different strategies play in the violation resolution process has not been explored...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Jane Narvik, Taavi Vanaveski, Jürgen Innos, Mari-Anne Philips, Aigar Ottas, Liina Haring, Mihkel Zilmer, Eero Vasar
We investigated the metabolic outcome of different coping strategies in 129S6/SvEvTac (129Sv) and C57BL/6Ntac (Bl6) strains. Two different batches of male 129Sv and Bl6 mice were used. One batch was not subjected to any behavioral manipulations (home cage control; HCC), whereas the other batch was treated with saline for 11 days and exposed after every treatment to the motor activity measurement (repeated motility tested; RMT). Bl6 RMT mice displayed a robust increase in number of rearings during repeated testing...
February 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
Daniel Shepherd, Jason Landon, Steve Taylor, Sonja Goedeke
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Parenting a child with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is challenging and can result in elevated levels of parenting stress. This study investigated the relationship between parent-ratings of their child's ASD symptoms and two conceptually different measures of parenting stress: One specific to the ASD context and the other a general stress measure applicable to the broader caregiving context. Additionally, the influence of coping style on the relationship between child's ASD symptoms and parenting stress was investigated...
February 20, 2018: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
Angela McGlashan, Glenda Verrinder, Evert Verhagen
Disseminating lower-limb injury-prevention exercise programs (LL-IPEPs) with strategies that effectively reach coaches across sporting environments is a way of preventing lower-limb injuries (LLIs) and ensuring safe and sustainable sport participation. The aim of this study was to explore community-Australian Football (community-AF) coaches' perspectives on the strategies they believed would enhance the dissemination and scale-up of LL-IPEPs. Using a qualitative multiple case study design, semi-structured interviews with community-AF coaches in Victoria, Australia, were conducted...
February 16, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Leonie J Cole, Kim L Bennell, Yasmin Ahamed, Christina Bryant, Francis Keefe, G Lorimer Moseley, Paul Hodges, Michael J Farrell
Objective: Cognitive behavioral therapies decrease pain and improve mood and function in people with osteoarthritis. This study assessed the effects of coping strategies on the central processing of knee pain in people with osteoarthritis of the knees. Methods: Mechanical pressure was applied to exacerbate knee pain in 28 people with osteoarthritis of the knee. Reports of pain intensity and functional magnetic resonance imaging measures of pain-related brain activity were recorded with and without the concurrent use of pain coping skills...
February 16, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
Emil Nicolae Coman, Helen Zhao Wu
Exposure to adverse environmental and social conditions affects physical and mental health through complex mechanisms. Different racial/ethnic (R/E) groups may be more or less vulnerable to the same conditions, and the resilience mechanisms that can protect them likely operate differently in each population. We investigate how adverse neighborhood conditions (neighborhood disorder, NDis) differentially impact mental health (anxiety, Anx) in a sample of white and Black (African American) young women from Southeast Texas, USA...
February 20, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
Anna Riva, Renata Nacinovich, Elisa Brivio, Francesca Mapelli, Sara M Rossi, Francesca Neri, Monica Bomba
BACKGROUND: Aim of the study is to collect information about emotional features in a sample of immigrant preadolescents in order to identify traits of emotional fragility or psychopathological risk factors. METHODS: The sample consists of 1206 preadolescents (180 immigrants, 1026 Italian natives) attending the third year of the middle schools. In order to assess anxiety levels and the presence of depressive symptoms the Self- Administered Psychiatric Scale (SAFA-A) and the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI) were administered...
February 19, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
Clara Marie Nittel, Tania Marie Lincoln, Fabian Lamster, Dirk Leube, Winfried Rief, Tilo Kircher, Stephanie Mehl
OBJECTIVES: Although emotional instability and problems in emotion regulation (ER) are known to be linked to the formation and maintenance of psychosis and paranoia, it remains unclear whether the use of specific ER strategies is associated with it. The first aim of the study was to explore the association between emotional instability and paranoia. The second and third aims were to investigate whether the use of maladaptive ER strategies leads to paranoia in patients with psychosis in daily life and whether the use of more adaptive ER strategies reduces paranoia...
February 20, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
D Leadbeatter, A Bell
INTRODUCTION: Within higher education, there is increasing recognition that understanding the ways students experience the educational environment is critical to developing programmes that can educate our future professionals. There is a small body of literature about how students experience the dental educational environment; however, none that adopts a qualitative phenomenographic approach. This study aims to contribute to our understanding by asking what is the variation in the ways dental students experience their curriculum? METHODS: This study uses a phenomenographic methodology...
February 20, 2018: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
Felipe E García, Félix Cova, Darío Páez, Francisca Miranda
This study analyzes the relationship between having experienced a work accident and developing depressive symptoms six months later, considering the subjective severity of accidents, the use of both positive and negative religious coping strategies, and brooding as predictors variables. Fifty seven women and 187 men were evaluated during the month following their accident (T1) and six months later (T2). The results show that after controlling for initial depressive symptoms, all predictors showed a statistically significant relationship with depression at six months, including the interaction between brooding and subjective severity of accident...
February 19, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Margaret McLafferty, Siobhan O'Neill, Sam Murphy, Cherie Armour, Finola Ferry, Brendan Bunting
Childhood adversities are key etiological factors in the onset and persistence of psychopathology. In Northern Ireland the Troubles also impacted on the population's psychological health. This study used data from the Northern Ireland Study of Health and Stress a collaborative epidemiological study which used the WMH-CIDI to assess mental health disorders in a nationally representative sample (Part 2, n = 1986). The aims of the study were to assess co-occurrences of childhood adversities and investigate the impact of adversity profiles and conflict experience on psychopathology and suicidal behaviour...
February 12, 2018: Psychiatry Research
Kellye K McGlumphy, Erika R Shaver, Tiwaloluwa A Ajibewa, Rebecca E Hasson
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine cross-sectional relationships of psychological stress, stress coping, and minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) in Amer- ican-American (AA) boys and girls. METHODS: A community-based sample of 139 AA adolescents (mean age 14.7 years; SD = 1.8 years; 64.7% girls; 30% obese) from Washtenaw County, Michigan was included in this analysis. Psychological stress was assessed using the Daily Stress Inventory and the Perceived Stress Scale...
March 1, 2018: American Journal of Health Behavior
Josep Gustems-Carnicer, Caterina Calderon, Alberto Batalla-Flores, Francisco Esteban-Bara
Stress in teacher education students is a key issue, due to its physical and social impact and its relevance to students' future as professionals. This study uses the Perceived Stress Scale, the Coping Responses Inventory-Adult Form, and the Psychological Well-Being Scale to analyze how coping strategies mediate the relationship between stress and well-being in a sample of Spanish teacher education students (n = 334). The results show that the students had a good general level of psychological well-being, although with little personal growth and autonomy...
January 1, 2018: Psychological Reports
R Abdul Raheem, Hui J Chih, Colin W Binns
The aim of the study was to document perinatal depression in mothers in the Maldives and associated factors. A cohort of 458 mothers was recruited at the 2 major hospitals in Malé, the Maldives, and followed from 36 weeks of pregnancy to 3 months after birth. The Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) was used to measure maternal depression. Maternal sociodemographic factors and infant's health were also recorded. The prevalence of depressive symptoms (EPDS score ≥13) at 36 weeks of pregnancy and at 1 and 3 months postpartum were 24%, 27%, and 12%, respectively...
February 1, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Ning Li, Qingcheng Duan, Weidan Zhang
The risk factors and coping strategies of severe community-acquired pneumonia (SCAP) in chemotherapy induction period of acute leukemia were investigated. Eighty-six patients with CAP in chemotherapy induction period of acute leukemia in Dezhou Hospital from March 2014 to February 2017 were selected and divided into observation group (SCAP group, n=45) and control group (non-SCAP group, n=41) according to the acute physiology and chronic health evolution II (APACHE II) score. The blood, sputum, nasopharyngeal secretion and pleural effusion samples were collected from patients in both groups, and the samples were detected for pathogens, followed by the analysis of relevant factors...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Kaitlin M Flannery, Anna Vannucci, Christine McCauley Ohannessian
PURPOSE: Little is known about how and when coping trajectories differ between males and females. The current study aimed to examine gender differences in the use of specific coping strategies across developmental ages using time-varying effect modeling (TVEM) in a large, diverse community sample. METHODS: A longitudinal study following adolescents across 4 years of high school and 5 years post graduation (N = 1,251) was combined with a nationally representative cross-sectional study of 18- to 22-year-olds (N = 595) to examine changes in gender differences in the use of coping strategies between ages 13 and 25...
March 2018: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Qi-Cai Sun, Xuan-Liang Ru, Bai-Shan Song, Qun-Li Duanmu
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively analyze the clinical data of 17 patients with bone cement leakage after percutaneous kyphoplasty and explore the leakage type and mid-term clinical effects. METHODS: The clinical data of 17 patients with osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures occurred bone cement leakage after percutaneous kyphoplasty from October 2011 to October 2016 were collected. There were 7 males and 10 females, aged from 68 to 87 years old with an average of 78 years...
September 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Silvia Regina Dowgan Tesseroli de Siqueira
Coping strategies are necessary to deal with pain, one of the most disabling conditions. Treatments are often refractory, and the elaboration of existential meaning is necessary to live with residual pain. The objective of this study was to discuss the relevance of the meaning of life in coping with refractory chronic neuropathic facial pain according to singular cases. Each patient is unique and needs a singular approach to understand and treat the pain phenomenon. Self-transcendence, existential issues and philosophical values are central concepts to assess chronic conditions and should be highlighted in medical practice these days...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
Camilla S Hanson, Johanna Newsom, Davinder Singh-Grewal, Nicholas Henschke, Margaret Patterson, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND: Congenital lymphoedema is a lifelong condition that has detrimental physical and psychosocial outcomes for young patients and burdensome treatment responsibilities that may hamper patients' motivation for self-management. There is limited research from the perspective of young people with primary lymphoedema. We aimed to describe the experiences and views of children and adolescents with lymphoedema to inform patient-centred practice. METHODS: Twenty patients (aged 8-21 years) with primary lymphoedema were purposively sampled from two paediatric clinics in Sydney, Australia, to participate in a semistructured interview...
February 17, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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