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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679142/conflict-modification-predictable-production-of-congruent-situations-facilitates-responding-in-a-stroop-task
#1
Constantin Schmidts, Anna Foerster, Wilfried Kunde
Humans cope with cognitive conflict in various ways, such as focusing on task-relevant instead of task-irrelevant information or avoiding situations where conflict is likely. These adaptations to conflict resemble those used to cope with negative affect. We examined whether situation modification, a strategy derived from the extended process model of emotion regulation, may influence responding in cognitive conflict tasks. This should be evident by a facilitation of actions that consistently modify situations towards congruent (positive) situations rather than to incongruent (negative) situations...
April 20, 2018: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678911/food-spoilage-associated-leuconostoc-lactococcus-and-lactobacillus-species-display-different-survival-strategies-in-response-to-competition
#2
Margarita Andreevskaya, Elina Jääskeläinen, Per Johansson, Anne Ylinen, Lars Paulin, Johanna Björkroth, Petri Auvinen
Psychrotrophic lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are the prevailing spoilage organisms in packaged cold-stored meat products. Species composition and metabolic activities of such LAB spoilage communities are determined by the nature of meat product, storage condition and interspecies interactions. Our knowledge of systems-level responses of LAB during such interactions is very limited. To expand it, we studied interactions between three common psychrotrophic spoilage LAB ( Leuconostoc gelidum , Lactococcus piscium and Lactobacillus oligofermentans ) by comparing their time-course transcriptome profiles obtained during their growth in individual, pairwise and triple cultures...
April 20, 2018: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677027/surgery-complications-and-quality-of-life-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-exploring-the-role-of-psychosocial-factors
#3
Stephanie Archer, Anna Pinto, Sabine Vuik, Colin Bicknell, Omar Faiz, Ben Byrne, Maximilian Johnston, Petros Skapinakis, Thanos Athanasiou, Charles Vincent, Ara Darzi
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether psychosocial factors moderate the relationship between surgical complications and quality of life (QoL). BACKGROUND: Patients who experience surgical complications have significantly worse postoperative QoL than patients with an uncomplicated recovery. Psychosocial factors, such as coping style and level of social support influence how people deal with stressful events, but it is unclear whether they affect QoL following a surgical complication...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673272/critical-issues-in-men-s-mental-health
#4
Dan Bilsker, Andrea S Fogarty, Matthew A Wakefield
This narrative review highlights key issues in men's mental health and identifies approaches to research, policy and practice that respond to men's styles of coping. Issues discussed are: 1) the high incidence of male suicide (80% of suicide deaths in Canada, with a peak in the mid-50 s age group) accompanied by low public awareness; 2) the perplexing nature of male depression, manifesting in forms that are poorly recognised by current diagnostic approaches and thus poorly treated; 3) the risky use of alcohol among men, again common and taking a huge toll on mental and physical health; 4) the characteristic ways in which men manage psychological suffering, the coping strengths to be recognised, and the gaps to be addressed; 5) the underutilization of mental health services by men, and the implication for clinical outcomes; and 6) male-specific approaches to service provision designed to improve men's accessing of care, with an emphasis on Canadian programs...
January 1, 2018: Canadian Journal of Psychiatry. Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672748/biopsychosocial-profiles-and-functional-correlates-in-older-adults-with-chronic-low-back-pain-a-preliminary-study
#5
Debra K Weiner, Angela Gentili, Katherine Coffey-Vega, Natalia Morone, Michelle Rossi, Subashan Perera
Objective: To describe key peripheral and central nervous system (CNS) conditions in a group of older adults with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and their association with pain severity and self-reported and performance-based physical function. Design: Cross-sectional. Setting: Outpatient VA clinics. Subjects: Forty-seven community-dwelling veterans with CLBP (age 68.0 ± 6.5 years, range = 60-88 years, 12.8% female, 66% white) participated...
April 16, 2018: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672747/stress-in-patients-with-un-ruptured-intracranial-aneurysms-vs-population-based-controls
#6
Arno de Wilde, Paut Greebe, Gabriël J E Rinkel, Ale Algra
BACKGROUND: Stress is associated with increased risk of stroke and might predispose to presence and rupture of intracranial aneurysms. OBJECTIVE: To study the association of recent and lifelong stress with unruptured intracranial aneurysm (UIA) and aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (ASAH). METHODS: In 227 UIA patients (mean age 61 ± 11 yr), 490 ASAH patients (59 ± 11 yr), and 775 controls (51 ± 15 yr) who were randomly retrieved from the general population, we assessed occurrence of major life events and perceived stress during the preceding 12 mo and the entire life...
April 17, 2018: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672712/perspectives-on-symptom-experiences-and-symptom-reporting-among-individuals-on-hemodialysis
#7
Jennifer E Flythe, Adeline Dorough, Julia H Narendra, Derek Forfang, Lori Hartwell, Emaad Abdel-Rahman
Background: Individuals on hemodialysis bear substantial symptom burdens, but providers often underappreciate patient symptoms. In general, standardized, patient-reported symptom data are not captured during routine dialysis care. We undertook this study to better understand patient experiences with symptoms and symptom reporting. In exploratory interviews, we sought to describe hemodialysis nurse and patient care technician perspectives on symptoms and symptom reporting. Methods: We conducted semi-structured interviews with 42 US hemodialysis patients and 13 hemodialysis clinic personnel...
April 16, 2018: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670025/predicting-effects-of-psychological-inflexibility-experiential-avoidance-and-stress-coping-strategies-for-internet-addiction-significant-depression-and-suicidality-in-college-students-a-prospective-study
#8
Wei-Po Chou, Cheng-Fang Yen, Tai-Ling Liu
The aims of this study were to evaluate the predicting effects of psychological inflexibility/experiential avoidance (PI/EA) and stress coping strategies for Internet addiction, significant depression and suicidality among college students during the follow-up period of one year. A total of 500 college students participated in this study. The level of PI/EA and stress coping strategies were evaluated initially. One year later, 324 participants were invited to complete the Chen Internet Addiction Scale, Beck Depression Inventory-II and the questionnaire for suicidality to evaluate depression symptoms and internet addiction and suicidality...
April 18, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669473/love-power-resilience-and-vulnerability-relationship-dynamics-between-female-sex-workers-in-ghana-and-their-intimate-partners
#9
Monica Adhiambo Onyango, Yaw Adu-Sarkodie, Rose Odotei Adjei, Thomas Agyarko-Poku, Carol Hunsberger Kopelman, Kimberly Green, Samuel Wambugu, Nana Fosua Clement, Peter Wondergem, Jennifer Beard
Little is known about female sex workers' daily lives or emotional relationships. Using relational-cultural theory, this study explored the relationship dynamics between sex workers and their intimate partners in Kumasi, Ghana. We collected qualitative data from 37 male intimate partners through 24 in-depth interviews and two focus group discussions (FGDs) with 13 male partners. We also conducted three FGDs with 20 women involved in sex work. Relationships between sex workers and their intimate partners were mutual, reciprocal and transactional...
April 19, 2018: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669466/-everything-changes-listening-to-homicidally-bereaved-individuals-practice-and-intervention-needs
#10
Filipa Alves-Costa, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis, Sarah Halligan
This study sought to understand how individuals bereaved through homicide (murder or manslaughter) describe their postevent experiences to inform clinical needs and promote mechanisms for change. A total of 21 participants (18 females) between the ages of 29 and 66 ( M age = 47.81 years, SD = 8.99) took part in this study. They were all participating in a residential program for homicidally bereaved individuals and were all residents in the United Kingdom. The sample comprised of 12 parents, five siblings, one partner, one daughter, one friend, and one grandmother of the deceased...
April 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669182/secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-among-refugee-resettlement-workers-the-role-of-coping-and-emotional-intelligence
#11
Adeyinka M Akinsulure-Smith, Adriana Espinosa, Tracy Chu, Ryan Hallock
To promote a better understanding of the impact of refugee resettlement work on refugee resettlement workers, this study examined the prevalence rates of deleterious mental health and occupational outcomes, such as secondary traumatic stress and burnout, among a sample of 210 refugee resettlement workers at six refugee resettlement agencies in the United States. The study also explored coping mechanisms used by service providers to manage work-related stress and the influence of such strategies and emotional intelligence on secondary traumatic stress and burnout...
April 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669087/understanding-the-etiology-of-chronic-pain-from-a-psychological-perspective
#12
Steven J Linton, Ida K Flink, Johan W S Vlaeyen
The etiology of chronic pain-related disability is not fully understood, particularly from a clinical perspective. Investigations to date have identified risk factors and elucidated some important processes driving the development of persistent pain problems. Yet this knowledge and its application are not always accessible to practicing physical therapists or other clinicians. This article aims to summarize the main psychological processes involved in the development of chronic pain disability and to derive some guidelines for treatment and future research...
May 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669047/effects-of-early-nutrition-and-transport-of-1-day-old-chickens-on-production-performance-and-fear-response
#13
M S Hollemans, S de Vries, A Lammers, C Clouard
The importance of optimal early life conditions of broilers to sustain efficient and healthy production of broiler meat is increasingly recognized. Therefore, novel husbandry systems are developed, in which immediate provision of nutrition post hatch is combined with on-farm hatching. In these novel systems, 1-day-old-chick handling and transport are minimized. To study whether early nutrition and reduced transport are beneficial for broiler performance and behavior, the effects of early or delayed nutrition and post-hatch handling and transport were tested from hatch until 35 d of age, in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement...
April 13, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667923/autoethnography-and-cognitive-adaptation-two-powerful-buffers-against-the-negative-consequences-of-workplace-bullying-and-academic-mobbing
#14
Mpho M Pheko
Work is undoubtedly fundamental to human life, social development and the economic development of individuals, organizations and nations. However, the experience of working is not always pleasant as there are many instances where relationships between workers could deteriorate, leading to practices and behaviours that could be characterized as workplace bullying and/or mobbing. The current study is an exploratory study which used autoethnography to investigate experiences of academic bullying and mobbing, and relates the practices to power structures in academic institutions...
December 2018: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667849/defensive-coping-facilitated-a-smaller-cortisol-to-estradiol-ratio-and-a-higher-hypertension-risk-the-sabpa-study
#15
Leoné Malan, Andrea de Kock, Mark Hamer, Marike Cockeran, Nicolaas Theodor Malan
OBJECTIVES: Taxing psychosocial stress and defensive coping have been associated with hypoactivity in cortisol, a vasoconstrictive agent. Estradiol has vasodilatory properties with cardio- and neuroprotective effects. It can however also induce α1 -adrenergic vasoconstrictive responsiveness. We aimed to determine whether the cortisol-to-estradiol ratio (Cort:E2) may augment α1 -adrenergic responsiveness and hypertension risk when habitually using defensive coping. METHODS: African (n = 168) and Caucasian (n = 207) men and women (46 ± 9 years) were included...
April 18, 2018: Blood Pressure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666778/psychiatric-morbidity-perceived-stress-and-ways-of-coping-among-parents-of-children-with-intellectual-disability-in-lahore-pakistan
#16
Muhammad H Sheikh, Sania Ashraf, Nazish Imran, Sadia Hussain, Muhammad W Azeem
Background This study assessed anxiety and depression levels among parents of children with intellectual disability (ID) and analyzed their coping strategies. Methods One hundred parents of children with ID were recruited through child psychiatry outpatient services in a tertiary care setting in Lahore, Pakistan. A structured questionnaire including sociodemographic details, the Agha Khan University Anxiety Depression Scale, the Family Stress and Coping Questionnaire, Brief COPE questionnaire, and Support questionnaire were used for data collection...
February 16, 2018: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665479/wellbeing-resilience-and-coping-are-there-differences-between-healthy-older-adults-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-adults-with-alzheimer-type-dementia
#17
Juan C Meléndez, Encarna Satorres, Rita Redondo, Joaquín Escudero, Alfonso Pitarque
The changes that occur with cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease could affect psychological aspects unrelated to memory. The purpose of this study is to compare 32 healthy older adults, 31 amnestic mild cognitively impaired (aMCI) adults, and 32 patients diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD), in order to determine whether there are differences in their psychological wellbeing, resilience, and coping strategies. Unifactorial MANOVAS and ANOVAS were performed to analyze the between-group differences...
April 11, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664216/subgroups-of-dutch-homeless-young-adults-based-on-risk-and-protective-factors-for-quality-of-life-results-of-a-latent-class-analysis
#18
Astrid M Altena, Mariëlle D Beijersbergen, Jeroen K Vermunt, Judith R L M Wolf
It is important to gain more insight into specific subgroups of homeless young adults (HYA) to enable the development of tailored interventions that adequately meet their diverse needs and to improve their quality of life. Within a heterogeneous sample of HYA, we investigated whether subgroups are distinguishable based on risk- and protective factors for quality of life. In addition, differences between subgroups were examined regarding the socio-demographic characteristics, the use of cognitive coping strategies and quality of life...
April 17, 2018: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663569/spiritual-and-religious-coping-and-depression-among-family-caregivers-of-pediatric-cancer-patients-in-latin-america
#19
Luciano Magalhães Vitorino, Luís Carlos Lopes-Júnior, Gabriela Hernandes de Oliveira, Mariane Tenaglia, Andressa Brunheroto, Paulo José Oliveira Cortez, Giancarlo Lucchetti
OBJECTIVE: Several studies have shown that spiritual/religious beliefs are associated with mental health and quality of life. However, so far, no study assessed the relationship between spiritual/religious coping (SRC) and depressive symptoms in family caregivers (FCs) of pediatric cancer patients, particularly in Latin America. This study aimed to investigate whether Positive and Negative SRC strategies are associated with depressive symptoms in FCs of pediatric cancer patients in Brazil...
April 16, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663182/do-reciprocal-relationships-between-academic-workload-and-self-regulated-learning-predict-medical-freshmen-s-achievement-a-longitudinal-study-on-the-educational-transition-from-secondary-school-to-medical-school
#20
Joselina Barbosa, Álvaro Silva, Maria Amélia Ferreira, Milton Severo
One of the most important factors that makes the transition from secondary school to medical school challenging is the inability to put in the study time that a medical school curriculum demands. The implementation of regulated learning is essential for students to cope with medical course environment and succeed. This study aimed to investigate the reciprocal relationships between self-regulated learning skills (SRLS) and academic workload (AW) across secondary school to medical school transition. Freshmen enrolled in medical school (N = 102) completed questionnaires at the beginning and at the end of their academic year, assessing AW (measured as study time hours and perceived workload), SRLS (planning and strategies for learning assessment, motivation and action to learning and self-directedness) and academic achievement...
April 16, 2018: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
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