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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922658/detecting-anxiety-states-when-caring-for-people-with-dementia
#1
Bert Arnrich, Jesús Favela, Darién Miranda
BACKGROUND: Caregiving is a complex, stressful activity, which frequently leads to anxiety and the development of depressive disorders. Recent advances in wearable sensing allows to monitor relevant physiological data of the caregiver for detecting anxiety spans and for enacting coping strategies to reduce their anxiety when needed. OBJECTIVES: This work proposes a method to infer anxiety states of caregivers when caring for people with dementia, by using physiological data...
December 6, 2016: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921634/smoking-cessation-in-smoke-free-prisons-a-grounded-theory-study
#2
Ashleigh Djachenko, Winsome St John, Creina Mitchell
Purpose Prisoners are vulnerable to tobacco addiction and have a smoking prevalence significantly higher than that of the general community. The context of this study was the implementation of a "smoke-free prisons" policy, which imposed forced smoking cessation onto the Queensland, Australian prison population. The study asked the question: "What are the psychosocial processes in which male prisoners engage during smoking cessation in a smoke-free environment?" Design/methodology/approach Qualitative interviews were conducted with 15 prisoners in South-east Queensland smoke-free correctional centres...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Prisoner Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921222/cognitive-dysfunction-in-patients-with-brain-metastases-influences-on-caregiver-resilience-and-coping
#3
Marlon Garzo Saria, Natasia Courchesne, Lorraine Evangelista, Joshua Carter, Daniel A MacManus, Mary Kay Gorman, Adeline M Nyamathi, Linda R Phillips, David Piccioni, Santosh Kesari, Sally Maliski
PURPOSE: Neurologic deficits that may be manifested as cognitive impairment contribute to the challenges faced by caregivers of patients with brain metastases. To better address their needs, we examined how caregivers respond to these challenges and explore the relationship between the patient's cognitive impairment and caregiver resilience and coping. METHODS: We conducted a descriptive, cross-sectional study using self-reported data from 56 caregivers of patients with brain metastases...
December 5, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921001/the-relation-between-marital-adjustment-and-posttraumatic-growth-in-infertile-couples-the-mediatory-role-of-religious-coping-strategies
#4
Seyyedeh Fatemeh Ghafouri, Saeed Ghanbari, Hajar Fallahzadeh, Omid Shokri
BACKGROUND: Infertility as a crisis can both lead to negative reactions and stress in infertile couples and bring about positive reactions and growth, to which henceforth posttraumatic growth is referred. This study was conducted to model the relation between martial adjustment and posttraumatic growth through the mediation of religious coping strategies in infertile couples. METHODS: This correlation-based study was performed on 250 couples at the infertility center of Shariati hospital, Tehran, Iran, selected via convenience sampling...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920734/role-of-stressful-life-events-avoidant-coping-styles-and-neuroticism-in-online-game-addiction-among-college-students-a-moderated-mediation-model
#5
Huanhuan Li, Yingmin Zou, Jiaqi Wang, Xuelin Yang
Online game addiction (OGA) is becoming a significant problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to explore the incidence of OGA and the roles of stressful life events, avoidant coping styles (ACSs), and neuroticism in OGA. A total of 651 Chinese college students were selected by random cluster sampling. Subjects completed the Chinese version of Young's eight-item Internet Addiction Scale (CIAS), Online Game Cognition Addiction Scale (OGCAS), Revised Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Short Scale in Chinese (EPQ-RSC), Chinese College-student Stress Questionnaire, and Coping Style Questionnaire...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920505/illness-perceptions-and-stress-mediators-between-disease-severity-and-psychological-well-being-and-quality-of-life-among-patients-with-crohn-s-disease
#6
Maochen Zhang, Liwen Hong, Tianyu Zhang, Yun Lin, Sichang Zheng, Xiaolin Zhou, Rong Fan, Zhengting Wang, Chenli Zhang, Jie Zhong
BACKGROUND: Disease severity, illness perceptions, coping strategies, stress, psychological well-being, and quality of life were reported to have close relationships. According to the Common Sense Model, illness perceptions and coping strategies could mediate the relationship between illness stimuli and illness outcomes such as psychological health and quality of life. Stress was also associated with the individual's disease severity, anxiety, depression, and quality of life. OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to explore the influencing factors of illness outcomes, and to what extent illness perceptions, coping strategies, and stress mediate the relationship between disease severity and anxiety, and depression and quality of life...
2016: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920081/understanding-financial-barriers-to-care-in-patients-with-diabetes-an-exploratory-qualitative-study
#7
David J T Campbell, Braden J Manns, Brenda R Hemmelgarn, Claudia Sanmartin, Alun Edwards, Kathryn King-Shier
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to better understand the impact that financial barriers have on patients with diabetes and the strategies that they use to cope with them. METHODS: A secondary analysis was conducted of 24 interviews with patients who had either type 1 or type 2 diabetes and perceived financial barriers, which were previously undertaken for a larger grounded theory study. Semistructured interviews were undertaken either face-to-face or by telephone...
December 5, 2016: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919376/usability-evaluation-of-the-smart-application-for-youth-with-mtbi
#8
Judith W Dexheimer, Brad G Kurowski, Shilo H Anders, Nicole McClanahan, Shari L Wade, Lynn Babcock
OBJECTIVE: There is a dearth of evidence-based treatments available to address the significant morbidity associated with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI). To address this gap, we designed a novel user-friendly, web-based application. We describe the preliminary evaluation of feasibility and usability of the application to promote recovery following mTBI in youth, the Self-Monitoring Activity-Restriction and Relaxation Treatment (SMART). SMART incorporates real-time recommendations for individualized symptom management and activity restriction along with training in cognitive-behavioral coping strategies...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917983/conflicts-security-and-marginalisation-institutional-change-of-the-pastoral-commons-in-a-glocal-world
#9
T Haller, H Van Dijk, M Bollig, C Greiner, N Schareika, C Gabbert
This paper argues that pastoral commons are under increasing pressure not just from overuse by pastoralists themselves, but from land management policies. Since colonial times, these have been based on a persistent misconception of the nature of pastoral economies and combined with increasing land alienation and fragmentation through government policies and covert privatisation of pastures. The paper focuses especially on pastoral populations in African drylands and is based on long-term research by independent researchers summarising some of their experiences in western, eastern and southern Africa...
November 2016: Revue Scientifique et Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916884/a-broad-consideration-of-risk-factors-in-pediatric-chronic-pain-where-to-go-from-here
#10
REVIEW
Hannah N McKillop, Gerard A Banez
Pediatric chronic pain is a significant problem associated with substantial functional impairment. A variety of risk factors have been found to be associated with chronic pain in youth. The greatest amount of evidence appears to support that temperament, anxiety, depression, subjective experience of stress, passive coping strategies, sleep problems, other somatic-related problems, and parent and/or family factors are important variables. However, a great deal of this research focuses on a single risk factor or on multiple risk factors in isolation...
November 30, 2016: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915124/a-literature-review-examining-the-barriers-to-the-implementation-of-family-witnessed-resuscitation-in-the-emergency-department
#11
REVIEW
Catherine Johnson
BACKGROUND: Caring for people near death in the Emergency Department (ED) is challenging for professionals, duty bound to respond to the needs of the dying. Family witnessed resuscitation (FWR) is practiced internationally, allowing relatives to be present at the time of a patient's death, offering comfort to the dying and aiding the bereaved along a healthy grief trajectory. AIM: The literature review elicits barriers to the implementation of FWR in the ED, examining why practice is sporadic despite numerous professional bodies calling for implementation...
November 30, 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912920/the-relationship-between-therapist-rated-function-and-patient-reported-outcome-measures
#12
Yvonne Braun, Jos J Mellema, Rinne M Peters, Suzanne Curley, Gae Burchill, David Ring
STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. INTRODUCTION: Some third-party payers require hand therapists to rate patient's functional disability based on patient self-rating using patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs), objective measurements of impairment, and observation of functional tasks-hand therapist-rated function (HTRF). PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To test the correlation between HTRF and PROMs (upper limb functional index [ULFI] and Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System upper extremity [PROMIS UE]) and its association with psychological factors...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912152/hearing-loss-and-disability-exit-measurement-issues-and-coping-strategies
#13
Vibeke Tornhøj Christensen, Nabanita Datta Gupta
Hearing loss is one of the most common conditions related to aging, and previous descriptive evidence links it to early exit from the labor market. These studies are usually based on self-reported hearing difficulties, which are potentially endogenous to labor supply. We use unique representative data collected in the spring of 2005 through in-home interviews. The data contains self-reported functional and clinically-measured hearing ability for a representative sample of the Danish population aged 50-64. We estimate the causal effect of hearing loss on early retirement via disability benefits, taking into account the endogeneity of functional hearing...
November 25, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911672/college-students-coping-with-interpersonal-stress-examining-a-control-based-model-of-coping
#14
Mary Jo Coiro, Alexandra H Bettis, Bruce E Compas
OBJECTIVE: The ways that college students cope with stress, particularly interpersonal stress, may be a critical factor in determining which students are at risk for impairing mental health disorders. Using a control-based model of coping, the present study examined associations between interpersonal stress, coping strategies, and symptoms. PARTICIPANTS: 135 undergraduate students from two universities. METHODS: Interpersonal stress, coping strategies, depression, anxiety, and somatization were assessed via self-report...
December 2, 2016: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911168/effectiveness-of-communication-specific-coping-intervention-for-adults-with-traumatic-brain-injury-preliminary-results
#15
Jacinta M Douglas, Lucy Knox, Carren De Maio, Helen Bridge, Melanie Drummond, Joanne Whiteoak
People with traumatic brain injury (TBI) describe everyday interactions as a long-term challenge frequently associated with ongoing stress. Communication-specific Coping Intervention (CommCope-I) is a new treatment developed to target coping in the context of communication breakdown. The intervention incorporates principles of cognitive behavioural therapy, self-coaching and context-sensitive social communication therapy. The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of CommCope-I in a group of adults with severe TBI and ongoing functional communication difficulties...
December 2, 2016: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910997/service-user-satisfaction-with-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-psychosis-associations-with-therapy-outcomes-and-perceptions-of-the-therapist
#16
Caroline Lawlor, Bina Sharma, Mizanur Khondoker, Emmanuelle Peters, Elizabeth Kuipers, Louise Johns
OBJECTIVES: Few studies have investigated service user satisfaction with cognitive behavioural therapy for psychosis (CBTp). This study explored its associations with clinical presentation and outcomes, retrospective expectations of progress, perceptions of the therapist, and demographic variables. DESIGN AND METHODS: One hundred and sixty-five service users completed self-report questionnaires pre- and post-CBTp in relation to the constructs of interest. Regression analyses explored associations with (1) overall satisfaction with therapy and (2) perceived progress, skills, and knowledge gained...
December 2, 2016: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909161/test-of-a-social-cognitive-model-of-well-being-among-breast-cancer-survivors
#17
Trisha L Raque-Bogdan, Robert W Lent, Brooke Lamphere
Given the potentially long-standing emotional impact of breast cancer, theoretical models are needed to identify critical resources and coping strategies that optimize survivors' long-term adjustment. This study tested a model of well-being recovery with breast cancer survivors at 4 years post-treatment. Structural equation modeling was used to examine relationships between affect, loneliness, self-compassion, self-efficacy for coping with cancer, well-being, and life satisfaction. Two model variations offered good fit to the data, accounting for large portions of the variance in well-being and life satisfaction...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907914/anxiety-and-coping-strategy-changes-in-multiple-sclerosis-patients-initiating-fingolimod-the-grace-prospective-study
#18
Thibault Moreau, Catherine Bungener, Olivier Heinzlef, Laurent Suchet, Florent Borgel, Isabelle Bourdeix, Mohamed Meite, Karin Rerat, Isabelle Chouette
The objective of this prospective study was to assess the changes in anxiety levels, and their relationship with coping strategies over the first four months of fingolimod treatment in patients with relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). Data were collected at the inclusion visit (Visit 1) and 4 months later (Visit 2). We used the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) to assess the level of anxiety and the Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations scale to assess the coping strategies used when engaged with stressful situations...
December 2, 2016: European Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907834/effects-of-drought-on-child-health-in-marsabit-district-northern-kenya
#19
Jan M Bauer, Samuel Mburu
This study uses five years of panel data (2009-2013) for Northern Kenya's Marsabit district to analyze the levels and extent of malnutrition among children aged five and under in that area. We measure drought based on the standardized normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and assess its effect on child health using mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC). The results show that approximately 20 percent of the children in the study area are malnourished and a one standard deviation increase in NDVI z-score decreases the probability of child malnourishment by 12-16 percent...
November 17, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907074/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-type-2-diabetes-management-the-moderating-role-of-coping-styles
#20
Zeinab Shayeghian, Hamidreza Hassanabadi, Maria E Aguilar-Vafaie, Parisa Amiri, Mohammad Ali Besharat
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Evidence of the efficacy of existing psychological interventions for self-management in diabetes is limited. The current study aimed at assessing the effects of group-based ACT on self-management of patients with T2DM, considering the moderating role of coping styles. METHODS: One hundred and six patients with type 2 diabetes were randomly assigned either to the education alone (n = 53) or to a combination of education and group-based acceptance and commitment therapy (n = 53) over a period of 10 sessions...
2016: PloS One
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