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"Knowledge translation"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325592/magnesium-sulphate-for-fetal-neuroprotection-to-prevent-cerebral-palsy-mag-cp-implementation-of-a-national-guideline-in-canada
#1
Dane A De Silva, Anne R Synnes, Peter von Dadelszen, Tang Lee, Jeffrey N Bone, Laura A Magee
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports magnesium sulphate (MgSO4) for women at risk of imminent birth at < 32-34 weeks to reduce the likelihood of cerebral palsy in the child. MAGnesium sulphate for fetal neuroprotection to prevent Cerebral Palsy (MAG-CP) was a multifaceted knowledge translation (KT) strategy for this practice. METHODS: The KT strategy included national clinical practice guidelines, a national online e-learning module and, at MAG-CP sites, educational rounds, focus group discussions and surveys of barriers and facilitators...
January 11, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325399/evaluating-the-process-and-extent-of-institutionalization-a-case-study-of-a-rapid-response-unit-for-health-policy-in-burkina-faso
#2
Andre Zida, John N Lavis, Nelson K Sewankambo, Bocar Kouyate, Salimata Ouedraogo
BACKGROUND: Good decision-making requires gathering and using sufficient information. Several knowledge translation platforms have been introduced in Burkina Faso to support evidence-informed decision-making. One of these is the rapid response service for health. This platform aims to provide quick access for policy-makers in Burkina Faso to highquality research evidence about health systems. The purpose of this study is to describe the process and extent of the institutionalization of the rapid response service...
April 10, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315969/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-decrease-image-ordering-for-low-back-pain-presentations-in-the-emergency-department-a-systematic-review
#3
Chaocheng Liu, Shashwat Desai, Lynette D Krebs, Scott W Kirkland, Diana Keto-Lambert, Brian H Rowe
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is an extremely frequent reason for patients to present to an emergency department (ED). Despite evidence against the utility of imaging, simple and advanced imaging (i.e., computed tomography [CT], magnetic resonance imaging [MRI]) for patients with LBP has become increasingly frequent in the ED. The objective of this review was to identify and examine the effectiveness of interventions aimed at reducing image ordering in the ED for LBP patients. METHODS: A protocol was developed a priori, following the PRISMA guidelines, and registered with PROSPERO...
January 8, 2018: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310057/guiding-curriculum-development-of-a-national-research-training-program-in-thrombosis-medicine-a-needs-assessment-involving-faculty-and-trainees
#4
Leslie Skeith, Marc Carrier, Sudeep Shivakumar, Nicole Langlois, Gregoire Le Gal, Ilene Harris, Carol Gonsalves
BACKGROUND: Several barriers exist for training and retention of clinician scientists, including difficulty in navigating research-related tasks in the workplace and insufficient mentorship. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to identify what core research knowledge and skills are important for the success of clinician scientists in thrombosis research, and trainees' perceived confidence in those skills, in order to develop a targeted educational intervention. METHODS: A pre-tested online survey was administered to trainees and research faculty of the Canadian thrombosis research network, CanVECTOR, between September 2016 and June 2017...
December 13, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307708/what-interventions-are-being-used-to-prevent-preterm-birth-and-when
#5
Yu Yang Feng, Alexander Jarde, Ye Rin Seo, Anne Powell, Nwachukwu Nwebube, Sarah D McDonald
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to determine the proportions of women at risk of preterm birth who received progesterone, elective and rescue cerclage, or pessary to prevent preterm birth, by using medical records. The authors also sought to determine whether these proportions differed among primary-, secondary-, and tertiary-level centres. METHODS: The authors conducted a retrospective cohort study and extracted data from consecutive medical charts of women with an estimated date of confinement over 3 months in primary-, secondary-, and tertiary-level centres in Southern Ontario...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301519/iterative-co-creation-for-improved-hand-hygiene-and-aseptic-techniques-in-the-operating-room-experiences-from-the-safe-hands-study
#6
Annette Erichsen Andersson, Maria Frödin, Lisen Dellenborg, Lars Wallin, Jesper Hök, Brigid M Gillespie, Ewa Wikström
BACKGROUND: Hand hygiene and aseptic techniques are essential preventives in combating hospital-acquired infections. However, implementation of these strategies in the operating room remains suboptimal. There is a paucity of intervention studies providing detailed information on effective methods for change. This study aimed to evaluate the process of implementing a theory-driven knowledge translation program for improved use of hand hygiene and aseptic techniques in the operating room...
January 4, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300753/determinants-of-knowledge-translation-from-health-technology-assessment-to-policy-making-in-china-from-the-perspective-of-researchers
#7
Wenbin Liu, Lizheng Shi, Raymond W Pong, Hengjin Dong, Yiwei Mao, Meng Tang, Yingyao Chen
BACKGROUND: For health technology assessment (HTA) to be more policy relevant and for health technology-related decision-making to be truly evidence-based, promoting knowledge translation (KT) is of vital importance. Although some research has focused on KT of HTA, there is a dearth of literature on KT determinants and the situation in developing countries and transitional societies remains largely unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the determinants of HTA KT from research to health policy-making from the perspective of researchers in China...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299958/how-to-do-health-services-research-in-stroke-a-focus-on-performance-measurement-and-quality-improvement
#8
Dominique A Cadilhac, Rebecca Fisher, Julie Bernhardt
The objective of this "How to" research series article is to provide guidance on getting started in Health Services Research. The purpose of health services research is to contribute knowledge that can be used to help improve health systems and clinical services through influencing policy and practice. The methods used are broad, have varying levels of rigor, and may require different specialist skills. This paper sets out practical steps for undertaking health services research. Importantly, use of the highlighted techniques can identify solutions to address inadequate knowledge translation or promote greater access to evidence-based stroke care to optimize patient outcomes...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294671/post-rape-care-provision-to-minors-in-kenya-an-assessment-of-health-providers-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices
#9
Cynthia Khamala Wangamati, Abdi Ali Gele, Johanne Sundby
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a major global health challenge. Extant literature in Kenya indicates an alarming rate of sexually abused minors presenting to poorly equipped health facilities with untrained health providers for post rape care. National guidelines on management of sexual violence have been in existence since 2004; however, little is known on the impact of these guidelines on post rape care provision to minors. Therefore, the study aims to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of health providers with regard to post rape care provision in a Kenyan District health facility...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283870/resources-for-educating-training-and-mentoring-nurses-and-unregulated-nursing-care-providers-in-palliative-care-a-review-and-expert-consultation
#10
Barbara Pesut, Madeleine Greig
BACKGROUND: Nurses and nursing care providers provide the most direct care to patients at end of life. Yet, evidence indicates that many feel ill-prepared for the complexity of palliative care. OBJECTIVE: To review the resources required to ensure adequate education, training, and mentorship for nurses and nursing care providers who care for Canadians experiencing life-limiting illness and their families. METHODS: This is a systematic search and narrative review in the Canadian context...
January 2018: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29283088/compliance-of-the-recurrent-renal-stone-former-with-current-best-practice-guidelines
#11
Derek Bos, Kevin Kim, Jen Hoogenes, Shahid Lambe, Bobby Shayegan, Edward D Matsumoto
INTRODUCTION: Patient compliance to best practice guidelines is a significant factor in preventing renal stone recurrence. While patient compliance has been historically poor, there remains a paucity of data in the renal stone setting. We evaluated compliance of the recurrent renal stone former with current Canadian Urological Association (CUA) best practice guidelines. METHODS: A prospective, cross-sectional study design was used to evaluate patient compliance...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258551/community-based-participatory-research-and-integrated-knowledge-translation-advancing-the-co-creation-of-knowledge
#12
Janet Jull, Audrey Giles, Ian D Graham
BACKGROUND: Better use of research evidence (one form of "knowledge") in health systems requires partnerships between researchers and those who contend with the real-world needs and constraints of health systems. Community-based participatory research (CBPR) and integrated knowledge translation (IKT) are research approaches that emphasize the importance of creating partnerships between researchers and the people for whom the research is ultimately meant to be of use ("knowledge users")...
December 19, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248051/health-promotion-leads-the-way-in-knowledge-translation-but-just-a-new-coat
#13
Jonine Jancey, Colin Binns, James Smith, Lisa Barnett, Peter Howat
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247100/mapping-evidence-of-patients-experiences-in-integrated-care-settings-a-protocol-for-a-scoping-review
#14
Alaa T Youssef, Rosa Constantino, Zarah K Chaudhary, Andrew Lee, David Wiljer, Maria Mylopoulos, Sanjeev Sockalingam
INTRODUCTION: Integrated care (IC) models have emerged to address gaps in care for individuals with complex healthcare needs. Although the clinical and cost-effectiveness of IC models are well-established, our understanding of whether IC models facilitate a patient-centred care experience from the patients' perspective is not well understood. This scoping review aims to comprehensively map the literature to provide a broad overview of patients' experiences in IC settings with a focus on the experiences of complex patients with comorbid mental and physical illnesses...
December 14, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242180/development-and-usability-evaluation-of-an-art-and-narrative-based-knowledge-translation-tool-for-parents-with-a-child-with-pediatric-chronic-pain-multi-method-study
#15
Kathy Reid, Lisa Hartling, Samina Ali, Anne Le, Allison Norris, Shannon D Scott
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain in childhood is increasingly being recognized as a significant clinical problem for children and their families. Previous research has identified that families want information about the causes of their child's chronic pain, treatment options, and effective strategies to help their child cope with the pain. Unfortunately, parents have reported that finding this information can be challenging. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to actively work together with children attending a pediatric chronic pain clinic and their parents to develop, refine, and evaluate the usability of an art and narrative-based electronic book (e-book) for pediatric chronic pain...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242131/knowledge-translation-the-bridging-function-of-cochrane-rehabilitation
#16
Stefano Negrini, Francesca Gimigliano, Chiara Arienti, Carlotte Kiekens
Cochrane Rehabilitation is aimed to ensure that all rehabilitation professionals can apply Evidence Based Clinical Practice and take decisions according to the best and most appropriate evidence in this specific field, combining the best available evidence as gathered by high quality Cochrane systematic reviews, with their own clinical expertise and the values of patients. This mission can be pursued through Knowledge Translation. The aim of this paper is to shortly present what Knowledge Translation is, how and why Cochrane (previously known as Cochrane Collaboration) is trying to reorganize itself in light of Knowledge Translation, and the relevance that this process has for Cochrane Rehabilitation and in the end for the whole world of Rehabilitation...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240451/hpe-as-a-field-implications-for-the-production-of-compelling-knowledge
#17
Anneke van Enk, Glenn Regehr
ISSUE: Research in education, including health professions education, has long struggled with the competing concerns of academic and practice-based stakeholders. Inspired partially by the work of Stokes and other theorists in science and technology studies, we propose that discussions about compelling research in health professions education might be usefully advanced by considering what it would mean if the community framed itself as a knowledge-producing field instead of aligning itself with either disciplinary or practical interests...
December 14, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237463/the-researchers-role-in-knowledge-translation-a-realist-evaluation-of-the-development-and-implementation-of-diagnostic-pathways-for-cancer-in-two-united-kingdom-localities
#18
Jon Banks, Lesley Wye, Nicola Hall, James Rooney, Fiona M Walter, Willie Hamilton, Ardiana Gjini, Greg Rubin
BACKGROUND: In examining an initiative to develop and implement new cancer diagnostic pathways in two English localities, this paper evaluates 'what works' and examines the role of researchers in facilitating knowledge translation amongst teams of local clinicians and policy-makers. METHODS: Using realist evaluation with a mixed methods case study approach, we conducted documentary analysis of meeting minutes and pathway iterations to map pathway development. We interviewed 14 participants to identify the contexts, mechanisms and outcomes (CMOs) that led to successful pathway development and implementation...
December 13, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227432/cpd-and-kt-models-used-and-opportunities-for-synergy
#19
Joan Sargeant, Francine Borduas, Anne Sales, Doug Klein, Brenna Lynn, Heather Stenerson
The two fields of continuing professional development (CPD) and knowledge translation (KT) within the health care sector, and their related research have developed as somewhat parallel paths with limited points of overlap or intersection. This is slowly beginning to change. The purpose of this paper is to describe and compare the dominant conceptual models informing each field with the view of increasing understanding and appreciation of the two fields, how they are similar and where they differ, and the current and potential points of intersection...
October 2017: Journal of Continuing Education in the Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224218/researchers-supporting-schools-to-improve-health-influential-factors-and-outcomes-of-knowledge-brokering-in-the-compass-study
#20
Kristin M Brown, Susan J Elliott, Scott T Leatherdale
BACKGROUND: Although schools are considered opportune settings for youth health interventions, a gap between school health research and practice exists. COMPASS, a longitudinal study of Ontario and Alberta secondary students and schools (2012-2021), used integrated knowledge translation to enhance schools' uptake of research findings. Schools received annual summaries of their students' health behaviors and suggestions for action, and were linked with COMPASS knowledge brokers to support them in making changes to improve student health...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
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