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"Knowledge translation"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819068/rural-emergency-care-360%C3%A2-mobilising-healthcare-professionals-decision-makers-patients-and-citizens-to-improve-rural-emergency-care-in-the-province-of-quebec-canada-a-qualitative-study-protocol
#1
Richard Fleet, Gilles Dupuis, Jean-Paul Fortin, Jocelyn Gravel, Mathieu Ouimet, Julien Poitras, France Légaré
INTRODUCTION: Emergency departments (EDs) are an important safety net for rural populations. Results of our earlier studies suggest that rural Canadian hospitals have limited access to advanced imaging services and intensive care units and that patients are transferred over large distances. They also revealed significant geographical variations in rural services. In the absence of national standards, our studies raise questions about inequities in rural access to emergency services and the risks for citizens...
August 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818252/origins-of-cancer-disparities-in-young-adults-logic-models-to-guide-research
#2
Robert A Hiatt, Margaret A Handley, Pamela M Ling, Esteban Burchard, Neeta Thakur, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo
Cancer disparities research is motivated by persistent inequities in cancer outcomes by race, ethnicity, social status, neighborhood location, and other subpopulation characteristics. These inequities have proven to be persistent and difficult to alter. Part of the reason for the frustration with slow progress is a lack of appreciation of the long-term nature of the undertaking. It is highly likely that the disparities observed in adulthood find their origins in young adulthood, if not earlier. A long-term perspective is needed, recognizing that successes may take many years to realize...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816511/virtual-reality-and-active-videogame-based-practice-learning-needs-and-preferences-a-cross-canada-survey-of-physical-therapists-and-occupational-therapists
#3
Danielle Levac, Stephanie Glegg, Heather Colquhoun, Patricia Miller, Farzad Noubary
OBJECTIVE: Describe the clinical use of virtual reality (VR)/active videogaming (AVG) by physical therapists (PTs) and occupational therapists (OTs) in Canada, identify usage barriers and facilitators, evaluate factors that predict intention to use VR/AVGs, and determine therapists' learning needs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online survey of therapists in Canada who were members of 1 of 26 professional PT or OT colleges or associations using the Assessing Determinants Of Prospective Take-up of Virtual Reality (ADOPT-VR2) Instrument...
August 2017: Games for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812820/defining-integrated-knowledge-translation-and-moving-forward-a-response-to-recent-commentaries
#4
Anita Kothari, Chris McCutcheon, Ian D Graham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Policy and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812122/-how-does-knowledge-reach-health-care-practice-implementation-research-and-knowledge-circulation
#5
REVIEW
Horst Christian Vollmar, Sara Santos, Anneke de Jong, Gabriele Meyer, Stefan Wilm
BACKGROUND: Evidence-based knowledge is among the most important resources in health care. However, relevant knowledge is often not implemented. There are about 100 different concepts for the "knowledge-to-practice gap". OBJECTIVES: We conducted this review to identify relevant concepts that describe and try to overcome this situation: implementation research and knowledge translation or circulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We initially conducted a systematic search in the databases CINAHL, Embase, ERIC, Medline, PsycINFO, Scopus, Cochrane Library and Web of Science without time or language restrictions...
August 15, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806989/maximising-value-from-a-united-kingdom-biomedical-research-centre-study-protocol
#6
Trisha Greenhalgh, Pavel V Ovseiko, Nick Fahy, Sara Shaw, Polly Kerr, Alexander D Rushforth, Keith M Channon, Vasiliki Kiparoglou
BACKGROUND: Biomedical Research Centres (BRCs) are partnerships between healthcare organisations and universities in England. Their mission is to generate novel treatments, technologies, diagnostics and other interventions that increase the country's international competitiveness, to rapidly translate these innovations into benefits for patients, and to improve efficiency and reduce waste in healthcare. As NIHR Oxford BRC (Oxford BRC) enters its third 5-year funding period, we seek to (1) apply the evidence base on how best to support the various partnerships in this large, multi-stakeholder research system and (2) research how these partnerships play out in a new, ambitious programme of translational research...
August 14, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802539/barriers-and-solutions-to-fieldwork-education-in-hand-therapy
#7
Nathan Short, Shelby Sample, Malachi Murphy, Brittany Austin, Jillian Glass
STUDY DESIGN: Survey. INTRODUCTION: Fieldwork education is a vital component of training the next generation of CHTs. Barriers and solutions to fieldwork rotations in hand therapy are examined, as well as proposed solutions, including recommendations for student preparation. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This descriptive study examined barriers for certified hand therapist clinicians to accept students for clinical rotations and clinicians' preferences for student preparation before a rotation in a hand setting...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800292/osteoporosis-knowledge-translation-for-young-adults-new-directions-for-prevention-programs
#8
Alyson Holland
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis prevention is heavily reliant on education programs, which are most effective when tailored to their intended audience. Most osteoporosis prevention education is designed for older adults, making application of these programs to younger adults difficult. Designing programs for young adults requires understanding the information-seeking practices of young adults, so that knowledge about osteoporosis can be effectively translated. METHODS: Individual interviews were conducted with 60 men and women-multiethnic, Canadian young adults-to explore both the sources and types of information they search for when seeking information on nutrition or bone health...
August 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799849/public-health-activist-skills-pyramid-a-model-for-implementing-health-in-all-policies
#9
Behzad Damari, Elham Ehsani Chimeh
Affecting public health for society requires various competencies. In fact, the prerequisite for the implementation of health in all policies should be effectiveness of public health activists (PHAs) in these competencies. This study aims to determine the competencies of the activists in public health. The present qualitative study reviewed the literature and adopted qualitative methods like content analysis, stakeholder interviews, and conducted focus group discussions with related experts. In each stage, the required competencies were extracted through drawing the main action processes of a PHA...
August 11, 2017: Social Work in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790044/access-3-project-protocol-young-people-and-health-system-navigation-in-the-digital-age-a-multifaceted-mixed-methods-study
#10
Melissa Kang, Fiona Robards, Lena Sanci, Katharine Steinbeck, Stephen Jan, Catherine Hawke, Marlene Kong, Tim Usherwood
BACKGROUND: The integration of digital technology into everyday lives of young people has become widespread. It is not known whether and how technology influences barriers and facilitators to healthcare, and whether and how young people navigate between face-to-face and virtual healthcare. To provide new knowledge essential to policy and practice, we designed a study that would explore health system access and navigation in the digital age. The study objectives are to: (1) describe experiences of young people accessing and navigating the health system in New South Wales (NSW), Australia; (2) identify barriers and facilitators to healthcare for young people and how these vary between groups; (3) describe health system inefficiencies, particularly for young people who are marginalised; (4) provide policy-relevant knowledge translation of the research data...
August 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783489/improving-delirium-recognition-and-assessment-for-people-receiving-inpatient-palliative-care-a-mixed-methods-meta-synthesis
#11
Annmarie Hosie, Meera Agar, Elizabeth Lobb, Patricia M Davidson, Jane Phillips
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a serious acute neurocognitive condition frequently occurring for hospitalized patients, including those receiving care in specialist palliative care units. There are many delirium evidence-practice gaps in palliative care, including that the condition is under-recognized and challenging to assess. OBJECTIVES: To report the meta-synthesis of a research project investigating delirium epidemiology, systems and nursing practice in palliative care units...
July 12, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782541/investigating-the-efficacy-of-web-based-transfer-training-on-independent-wheelchair-transfers-through-randomized-control-trials
#12
Lynn Worobey, Stephanie Rigot, Nathan Hogaboom, Chris Venus, Michael L Boninger
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of a web-based transfer training module at improving transfer technique across three groups: web-based training, in-person training (current standard of practice), and a waitlist control group (WLCG). Secondarily, to determine subject factors that can be used to predict improvements in transfer ability after training. DESIGN: Randomized control trials. SETTING: Summer and winter sporting events for disabled veterans...
August 3, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777762/systematic-review-and-knowledge-translation-a-framework-for-synthesizing-heterogeneous-research-evidence
#13
Robert Gould, Sarah Parker Harris, Glenn Fujiura
BACKGROUND: Participatory methodologies in disability and rehabilitation research are used to capture the perspectives of people with disabilities and to recognize the agency of stakeholder groups. Existing resources for conducting systematic reviews seldom provide details about how to integrate stakeholder input into the methodological process. OBJECTIVES: This article considers how knowledge translation strategies can support and advance systematic reviews that include diverse types of research...
August 1, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765256/engaging-stakeholders-and-promoting-uptake-of-omeract-core-outcome-instrument-sets
#14
Sean R Tunis, Lara J Maxwell, Ian D Graham, Beverley J Shea, Dorcas E Beaton, Clifton O Bingham, Peter Brooks, Philip G Conaghan, Maria Antonietta D'Agostino, Maarten P de Wit, Laure Gossec, Lyn M March, Lee S Simon, Jasvinder A Singh, Vibeke Strand, George A Wells, Peter Tugwell
OBJECTIVE: While there has been substantial progress in the development of core outcomes sets, the degree to which these are used by researchers is variable. We convened a special workshop on knowledge translation at the Outcome Measures in Rheumatology (OMERACT) 2016 with 2 main goals. The first focused on the development of a formal knowledge translation framework and the second on promoting uptake of recommended core outcome domain and instrument sets. METHODS: We invited all 189 OMERACT 2016 attendees to the workshop; 86 attended, representing patient research partners (n = 15), healthcare providers/clinician researchers (n = 52), industry (n = 4), regulatory agencies (n = 4), and OMERACT fellows (n = 11)...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764752/facilitated-interprofessional-implementation-of-a-physical-rehabilitation-guideline-for-stroke-in-inpatient-settings-process-evaluation-of-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#15
Nancy M Salbach, Sharon Wood-Dauphinee, Johanne Desrosiers, Janice J Eng, Ian D Graham, Susan B Jaglal, Nicol Korner-Bitensky, Marilyn MacKay-Lyons, Nancy E Mayo, Carol L Richards, Robert W Teasell, Merrick Zwarenstein, Mark T Bayley
BACKGROUND: The Stroke Canada Optimization of Rehabilitation by Evidence-Implementation Trial (SCORE-IT) showed that a facilitated knowledge translation (KT) approach to implementing a stroke rehabilitation guideline was more likely than passive strategies to improve functional walking capacity, but not gross manual dexterity, among patients in rehabilitation hospitals. This paper presents the results of a planned process evaluation designed to assess whether the type and number of recommended treatments implemented by stroke teams in each group would help to explain the results related to patient outcomes...
August 1, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764687/sustainability-and-scalability-of-a-volunteer-based-primary-care-intervention-health-tapestry-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#16
Monika Kastner, Radha Sayal, Doug Oliver, Sharon E Straus, Lisa Dolovich
BACKGROUND: Chronic diseases are a significant public health concern, particularly in older adults. To address the delivery of health care services to optimally meet the needs of older adults with multiple chronic diseases, Health TAPESTRY (Teams Advancing Patient Experience: Strengthening Quality) uses a novel approach that involves patient home visits by trained volunteers to collect and transmit relevant health information using e-health technology to inform appropriate care from an inter-professional healthcare team...
August 1, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757537/knowledge-translation-for-cardiovascular-disease-research-and-management-in-japan
#17
Nusrat S Shommu, Tanvir C Turin
Knowledge translation is an essential and emerging arena in healthcare research. It is the process of aiding the application of research knowledge into clinical practice or policymaking. Individuals at all levels of the health care system, including patients, healthcare professionals, and policymakers, are affected by the gaps that exist between research evidence and practice; the process of knowledge translation plays a role in bridging these gaps and incorporating high-quality clinical research into decision-making...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749568/experts-views-regarding-australian-school-leavers-knowledge-of-nutrition-and-food-systems
#18
Sanaz Sadegholvad, Heather Yeatman, Anne-Maree Parrish, Anthony Worsley
OBJECTIVE: To explore Australian experts' views regarding strengths and gaps in school-leavers' knowledge of nutrition and food systems ( N&FS) and factors that influence that knowledge. METHOD: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 21 highly experienced food-related experts in Australia. Qualitative data were analysed thematically using Attride-Stirling's thematic network framework. RESULTS: Two global themes and several organising themes were identified...
July 27, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741905/preventing-childhood-obesity-in-latin-america-an-agenda-for-regional-research-and-strategic-partnerships
#19
B Caballero, S Vorkoper, N Anand, J A Rivera
The increasing prevalence of childhood obesity in Latin America poses a major public health challenge to the region. In response, many countries are implementing obesity prevention programmes aimed at modifying known risk factors. However, the limited scientific evidence inhibits the development and implementation of novel, effective interventions across the region. To address these gaps, the NIH Fogarty International Center convened a workshop of researchers, policymakers, programme implementers and public health advocates who are actively engaged in the region to prevent childhood obesity...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741904/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-and-food-policies-in-latin-america-from-research-to-practice
#20
R Pérez-Escamilla, C K Lutter, C Rabadan-Diehl, A Rubinstein, A Calvillo, C Corvalán, C Batis, E Jacoby, S Vorkoper, L Kline, E Ewart-Pierce, J A Rivera
BACKGROUND: Addressing childhood obesity in Latin America requires a package of multisectoral, evidence-based policies that enable environments conducive to healthy lifestyles. OBJECTIVE: Identify and examine key elements to translating research into effective obesity policies in Latin America. METHODS: We examined obesity prevention policies through case studies developed with an expert in the specific policy. Policies were selected based on their level of implementation, visibility and potential impact to reduce childhood obesity...
July 2017: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
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