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"Knowledge translation"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928025/development-implementation-and-use-of-a-process-to-promote-knowledge-translation-in-rehabilitation
#1
Jennifer L Moore, Julia Carpenter, Anne Marie Doyle, Laura Doyle, Piper Hansen, Bridget Hahn, T George Hornby, Heidi R Roth, Susan Spoeri, Rachel Tappan, Krista Van Der Laan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the use and impact of the BRAIN on evidence-based practice (EBP) over 6 years. DESIGN: A successive independent samples study. SETTING: A large rehabilitation system. PARTICIPANTS: Successive samples of allied health clinicians in 2009 (n=136), 2012 (n=115), and 2015 (n=121). INTERVENTIONS: The BRAIN includes two components: 1) a process to synthesize, adapt and make recommendations about the application of evidence; and 2) a process to implement the recommended practices in 3 levels of care...
September 16, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922381/the-operation-of-a-research-and-development-r-d-program-and-its-significance-for-practice-change-in-community-pharmacy
#2
Andi Hermansyah, Erica Sainsbury, Ines Krass
BACKGROUND: Community pharmacy practice in Australia is changing and Research and Development (R&D) in community pharmacy plays an important role in contributing to the changes. A range of Cognitive Pharmacy Services (CPS) were developed from R&D programs, yet their implementation has been minimal indicating slow practice change within community pharmacy. Given the vital role of R&D, little is known about the operation and the extent to which it has been effective in supporting practice change in community pharmacy...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922183/parental-awareness-of-schoolbag-carriage-a-comparative-study-of-irish-and-united-states-parents
#3
Sara Dockrell, Karen Jacobs, Julie Byrne, Emma Gleeson, Sinead Kelly, Caitriona Moore, Eimear O'Meara, Dagny Barclay, Sabrina Rodriguez, David Kang, Ciaran Simms, Catherine Blake
BACKGROUND: Given the global nature of schoolbag carriage, there has been extensive research on schoolbag weight and use with resultant guidance on many aspects of carrying a schoolbag. However, there is limited evidence of knowledge translation or parents' awareness of schoolbag carriage. OBJECTIVE: This study investigated parental awareness of factors related to schoolbag carriage. METHOD: A cross-sectional survey using an anonymous 30-item questionnaire and purposive sampling was used...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922174/evaluating-the-effectiveness-of-facebook-to-impact-the-knowledge-of-evidence-based-employment-practices-by-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-knowledge-translation-random-control-study
#4
Katherine J Inge, Carolyn W Graham, James W McLaughlin, Doug Erickson, Paul Wehman, Hannah E Seward
BACKGROUND: Individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI) experience difficulty with obtaining and maintaining employment post-injury. Although vocational rehabilitation (VR) can be one option to provide individuals with TBI support and services to lead to successful employment outcomes, information about these services can be difficult and confusing to navigate. Providing information on evidence-based employment practices to individuals with TBI through social media could be an effective approach...
September 14, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905138/the-effectiveness-of-a-knowledge-translation-cognitive-educational-intervention-for-family-members-of-persons-coping-with-severe-mental-illness
#5
P Weiss, N Hadas-Lidor, A Weizman, D Sachs
Keshet, a course for family members of persons' coping with mental illness, was developed to enhance positive family cognitive communication skills. Improving communication with the use of mediation techniques, primarily used by therapists, creates a learning environment viewed as a strategy of Knowledge Translation. To examine the effectiveness of Keshet in improving attitudes, problem solving, communication skills and attenuation of burden a quasi-experimental research design was applied with study and control condition...
September 13, 2017: Community Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904791/brucellosis-in-livestock-and-wildlife-zoonotic-diseases-without-pandemic-potential-in-need-of-innovative-one-health-approaches
#6
Jacques Godfroid
Human brucellosis remains the commonest zoonotic disease worldwide with more than 500 000 new cases annually. Understanding the biology of Brucella infections and the transmission patterns at the wildlife/livestock/human interface is of paramount importance before implementing any brucellosis control or eradication program in animals, even more so should interventions be justified within One Health. In addition to calling for transdisciplinary collaboration, One Health formally aims to conserve the environment and to promote the well-being of animals...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892652/oral-histories-as-critical-qualitative-inquiry-in-community-health-assessment
#7
Sarah Gabriella Hernandez, Ana Genkova, Yvette Castañeda, Simone Alexander, Jennifer Hebert-Beirne
Qualitative methods such as focus groups and interviews are common methodologies employed in participatory approaches to community health assessment to develop effective community health improvement plans. Oral histories are a rarely used form of qualitative inquiry that can enhance community health assessment in multiple ways. Oral histories center residents' lived experiences, which often reveal more complex social and health phenomena than conventional qualitative inquiry. This article examines an oral history research component of the Little Village Community Health Assessment, a collaborative research effort to promote health equity in an urban, Mexican ethnic enclave...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888248/epinephrine-autoinjectors-new-data-new%C3%A2-problems
#8
Susan Waserman, Ernie Avilla, Moshe Ben-Shoshan, Lana Rosenfield, Andrea Burke Adcock, Matthew Greenhawt
Epinephrine is the first-line treatment for anaphylaxis. Despite this, there have been identified gaps in the management of anaphylaxis including infrequent or delayed use of epinephrine for acute allergic reactions, as well as inadequate epinephrine autoinjector (EAI) training, and prescription rates of these devices for patients at risk. This paper reviews new data, and new problems in recently published literature on EAIs. A database search was conducted for publications between January 2015 and February 2017 using keywords related to EAIs including their functionality and features, carriage, prescription rates, barriers, and side effects...
September 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886392/how-do-you-define-body-image-exploring-conceptual-gaps-in-understandings-of-body-image-at-an-exercise-facility
#9
K Alysse Bailey, Kimberley L Gammage, Cathy van Ingen
The definition of body image has evolved within research; however, less is known about the layperson's understanding of the construct. This study explored how members and student trainees of an exercise facility (designed for older adults, people with physical disability, and those with cardiac complications) defined body image. Nineteen participants completed a one-on-one interview, and seven of those participants took part in six additional focus group meetings. The following main themes were found: stereotypical assumptions about body image (e...
September 5, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882524/activities-performed-and-treatments-conducted-prior-to-consultation-with-a-spine-surgeon-are-patients-and-clinicians-following-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines
#10
Elliot I Layne, Darren M Roffey, Matthew J Coyle, Philippe Phan, Stephen P Kingwell, Eugene K Wai
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are designed to ensure that evidence-based treatment is easily put into action. Whether patients and clinicians follow these guidelines is equivocal. PURPOSE: To examine how many patients complaining of low back pain (LBP) underwent evidence-based non-operative treatment in line with CPG recommendations prior to consultation with a spine surgeon, and to evaluate any associations between adherence to CPG recommendations and baseline factors...
September 4, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874152/a-descriptive-qualitative-examination-of-knowledge-translation-practice-among-health-researchers-in-manitoba-canada
#11
Kathryn M Sibley, Patricia L Roche, Courtney P Bell, Beverley Temple, Kristy D M Wittmeier
BACKGROUND: The importance of effective translation of health research findings into action has been well recognized, but there is evidence to suggest that the practice of knowledge translation (KT) among health researchers is still evolving. Compared to research user stakeholders, researchers (knowledge producers) have been under-studied in this context. The goals of this study were to understand the experiences of health researchers in practicing KT in Manitoba, Canada, and identify their support needs to sustain and increase their participation in KT...
September 6, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870225/implementation-framework-for-chronic-disease-intervention-effectiveness-in-m%C3%A4-ori-and-other-indigenous-communities
#12
John Oetzel, Nina Scott, Maui Hudson, Bridgette Masters-Awatere, Moana Rarere, Jeff Foote, Angela Beaton, Terry Ehau
BACKGROUND: About 40% of all health burden in New Zealand is due to cancer, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes/obesity. Outcomes for Māori (indigenous people) are significantly worse than non-Maori; these inequities mirror those found in indigenous communities elsewhere. Evidence-based interventions with established efficacy may not be effective in indigenous communities without addressing specific implementation challenges. We present an implementation framework for interventions to prevent and treat chronic conditions for Māori and other indigenous communities...
September 5, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867782/the-canadian-atlas-of-child-and-youth-injury-mobilizing-injury-surveillance-data-to-launch-a-national-knowledge-translation-tool
#13
Ian Pike, Jennifer Smith, Samar Al-Hajj, Pamela Fuselli, Alison Macpherson
Child and youth injury prevention research in Canada has lagged behind other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development nations, despite existing surveillance systems and longitudinal data. A critical need to improve access to the available data, as well as need to tailor its display and interpretation, was identified by injury prevention stakeholders involved in research, policy, and practice. The Canadian Atlas of Child and Youth Injury Prevention ("the Atlas") was developed to address this need...
August 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28858768/making-the-most-of-person-centred-education-by-integrating-flipped-and-simulated-teaching-an-exploratory-study
#14
Annette Saunders, Rosy Green, Merylin Cross
Preparing a person-centred nursing workforce to work in diverse settings is a global health priority. Nursing students' first placement experience is a key transitional moment that shapes professional understanding and motivation to become a nurse. This paper reports the outcomes of combining flipped and simulated learning to enhance nursing students' understanding of person-centred care, the professional nursing role and preparation for placement. The study design was exploratory, the setting, an undergraduate nursing program in an Australian University...
August 19, 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857523/awareness-and-use-of-evidence-based-medicine-information-among-patients-in-croatia-a-nation-wide-cross-sectional-study
#15
Danijel Nejašmić, Ivana Miošić, Davorka Vrdoljak, Snježana Permozer Hajdarović, Marion Tomičić, Rudika Gmajnić, Ines Diminić Lisica, Jelena Sironić Hreljanović, Vlatka Pleh, Venija Cerovečki, Anita Tomljenović, Sanja Bekić, Minka Jerčić, Karla Tuđa, Livia Puljak
AIM: To determine the use of evidence-based medicine (EBM) information and the level of awareness and knowledge of EBM among patients in Croatia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 987 patients in 10 family medicine practices in Croatia. Patients from both urban (n=496) and rural (n=482) areas were surveyed. A 27-item questionnaire was used to collect data about sources that patients searched for medical information, patient awareness and use of Cochrane systematic reviews and other EBM resources, and their demographic characteristics...
August 31, 2017: Croatian Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855202/protocol-for-a-mixed-studies-systematic-review-on-the-implementation-of-the-recovery-approach-in-adult-mental-health-services
#16
Myra Piat, Eleni Sofouli, Judith Sabetti, Angella Lambrou, Howard Chodos, Catherine Briand, Brigitte Vachon, Janet Curran
INTRODUCTION: Recovery is integral to mental health planning in G-8 countries including Canada. A recovery-oriented approach to care aims to promote personal empowerment, illness self-management and a life beyond services for people with serious mental illness (SMI), while reducing the financial burden associated with mental illness. Although there is a growing body of literature on recovery, no synthesis of research on the implementation of recovery into mental health services exists...
August 30, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834015/healthy-lifestyle-behaviours-for-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-an-exploration-of-organizational-barriers-and-enablers
#17
Lisa O'Leary, Laurence Taggart, Wendy Cousins
BACKGROUND: The health-related behaviours of people with intellectual disabilities may be determined by organisational influences. This innovative study aimed to explore managers' and staffs' perspectives on organisational influences on the promotion of healthy behaviours for this population. METHOD: A qualitative methodology was employed. Four focus groups with staff and eleven telephone interviews with managers were undertaken across three residential services in one region (Northern Ireland) of the UK...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819068/rural-emergency-care-360%C3%A2-mobilising-healthcare-professionals-decision-makers-patients-and-citizens-to-improve-rural-emergency-care-in-the-province-of-quebec-canada-a-qualitative-study-protocol
#18
Richard Fleet, Gilles Dupuis, Jean-Paul Fortin, Jocelyn Gravel, Mathieu Ouimet, Julien Poitras, France Légaré
INTRODUCTION: Emergency departments (EDs) are an important safety net for rural populations. Results of our earlier studies suggest that rural Canadian hospitals have limited access to advanced imaging services and intensive care units and that patients are transferred over large distances. They also revealed significant geographical variations in rural services. In the absence of national standards, our studies raise questions about inequities in rural access to emergency services and the risks for citizens...
August 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818252/origins-of-cancer-disparities-in-young-adults-logic-models-to-guide-research
#19
Robert A Hiatt, Margaret A Handley, Pamela M Ling, Esteban Burchard, Neeta Thakur, Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo
Cancer disparities research is motivated by persistent inequities in cancer outcomes by race, ethnicity, social status, neighborhood location, and other subpopulation characteristics. These inequities have proven to be persistent and difficult to alter. Part of the reason for the frustration with slow progress is a lack of appreciation of the long-term nature of the undertaking. It is highly likely that the disparities observed in adulthood find their origins in young adulthood, if not earlier. A long-term perspective is needed, recognizing that successes may take many years to realize...
September 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816511/virtual-reality-and-active-videogame-based-practice-learning-needs-and-preferences-a-cross-canada-survey-of-physical-therapists-and-occupational-therapists
#20
Danielle Levac, Stephanie Glegg, Heather Colquhoun, Patricia Miller, Farzad Noubary
OBJECTIVE: Describe the clinical use of virtual reality (VR)/active videogaming (AVG) by physical therapists (PTs) and occupational therapists (OTs) in Canada, identify usage barriers and facilitators, evaluate factors that predict intention to use VR/AVGs, and determine therapists' learning needs. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Online survey of therapists in Canada who were members of 1 of 26 professional PT or OT colleges or associations using the Assessing Determinants Of Prospective Take-up of Virtual Reality (ADOPT-VR2) Instrument...
August 2017: Games for Health
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