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"Knowledge translation"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903488/information-and-communication-technologies-for-the-dissemination-of-clinical-practice-guidelines-to-health-professionals-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Gino De Angelis, Barbara Davies, Judy King, Jessica McEwan, Sabrina Cavallo, Laurianne Loew, George A Wells, Lucie Brosseau
BACKGROUND: The transfer of research knowledge into clinical practice can be a continuous challenge for researchers. Information and communication technologies, such as websites and email, have emerged as popular tools for the dissemination of evidence to health professionals. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to identify research on health professionals' perceived usability and practice behavior change of information and communication technologies for the dissemination of clinical practice guidelines...
November 30, 2016: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900742/-precision-nursing-individual-based-knowledge-translation
#2
Li-Chi Chiang, Mei-Ling Yeh, Sui-Lung Su
U.S. President Obama announced a new era of precision medicine in the Precision Medicine Initiative (PMI). This initiative aims to accelerate the progress of personalized medicine in light of individual requirements for prevention and treatment in order to improve the state of individual and public health. The recent and dramatic development of large-scale biologic databases (such as the human genome sequence), powerful methods for characterizing patients (such as genomics, microbiome, diverse biomarkers, and even pharmacogenomics), and computational tools for analyzing big data are maximizing the potential benefits of precision medicine...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900740/-translating-evidence-into-practice-in-the-field-of-nursing
#3
Pei-Fan Mu
Evidence-based healthcare, the organized translation of knowledge into practice, and the implementation of evidence in practice have become vital in nursing care and health policy. Evidence translation is an essential concept that relates to the knowledge development and core competence of advanced practice nurses (APNs). The present article introduces the development and definitions of nursing evidence translation. The evidence-based nursing perspectives of Techne and Phronesis are used to illustrate the characteristics and nature of knowledge translation...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900739/-evidence-based-knowledge-translation-from-scientific-evidence-to-clinical-nursing-practice
#4
Kee-Hsin Chen, Ching-Chiu Kao, Chiehfeng Chen
In 1992, Gordon Guyatt coined the term "evidence-based medicine", which has since attracted worldwide attention. In 2007, the Institute of Medicine's Roundtable on Evidence-Based Medicine set the goal that 90% of clinical decisions would be supported by accurate, timely, and up-to-date clinical information and would reflect the best available evidence by 2020. However, the chasm between knowing and doing remains palpable. In 2000, the Canadian Institute of Health Research applied the term "knowledge translation" to describe the bridge that is necessary to cross the gap between research knowledge and clinical practice...
December 2016: Hu Li za Zhi the Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899797/social-media-knowledge-translation-and-action-on-the-social-determinants-of-health-and-health-equity-a-survey-of-public-health-practices
#5
Sume Ndumbe-Eyoh, Agnes Mazzucco
The growth of social media presents opportunities for public health to increase its influence and impact on the social determinants of health and health equity. The National Collaborating Centre for Determinants of Health at St. Francis Xavier University conducted a survey during the first half of 2016 to assess how public health used social media for knowledge translation, relationship building, and specific public health roles to advance health equity. Respondents reported that social media had an important role in public health...
November 2016: Journal of Public Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899166/pain-management-of-acute-appendicitis-in-canadian-pediatric-emergency-departments
#6
Andrea L Robb, Samina Ali, Naveen Poonai, Graham C Thompson
OBJECTIVES: Children with suspected appendicitis are at risk for suboptimal pain management. We sought to describe pain management patterns for suspected appendicitis across Canadian pediatric emergency departments (PEDs). METHODS: A retrospective medical record review was undertaken at 12 Canadian PEDs. Children ages 3 to 17 years who were admitted to the hospital in February or October 2010 with suspected appendicitis were included. Patients were excluded if partially assessed or treated at another hospital...
November 30, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891814/friendships-and-intimate-relationships-among-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-a-thematic-synthesis
#7
REVIEW
Casey Fulford, Virginie Cobigo
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this thematic synthesis was to review qualitative studies on perspectives of persons with intellectual disabilities regarding friendships and intimate relationships. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A literature search was conducted, including studies published between 2004 and 2014, involving participants 14 years of age or older, who had intellectual disabilities, and participated in focus groups or interviews. RESULTS: Eighteen studies were included...
November 27, 2016: Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities: JARID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868435/a-touchy-topic-tactile-assessment-among-pediatric-therapists
#8
Megan Louise Auld, Leanne Marie Johnston
PURPOSE: Tactile impairments affect over 77% of children with unilateral cerebral palsy (CP). This study aimed to examine the current practices of pediatric therapists in relation to tactile assessment and the barriers to carrying out tactile assessment in children with CP. METHOD: The study was in two parts. In part one, pediatric therapists (n = 35) completed a questionnaire detailing their current knowledge and the use of tactile assessments in children. In part two, therapists (n = 12) completed a questionnaire based on the Theoretical Domains Framework examining the barriers and facilitators to completing tactile assessments in clinical practice...
November 20, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855297/evaluation-of-a-nurse-led-dementia-education-and-knowledge-translation-programme-in-primary-care-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Yao Wang, Lily Dongxia Xiao, Shahid Ullah, Guo-Ping He, Anita De Bellis
BACKGROUND: The lack of dementia education programmes for health professionals in primary care is one of the major factors contributing to the unmet demand for dementia care services. AIMS: To determine the effectiveness of a nurse-led dementia education and knowledge translation programme for health professionals in primary care; participants' satisfaction with the programme; and to understand participants' perceptions of and experiences in the programme. DESIGN: A cluster randomized controlled trial was used as the main methodology to evaluate health professionals' knowledge, attitudes and care approach...
November 11, 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852328/a-pilot-program-of-knowledge-translation-and-implementation-for-newborn-resuscitation-using-us-peace-corps-volunteers-in-rural-madagascar
#10
Kristin Close, Michele Karel, Michelle White
BACKGROUND: Prevention of adverse perinatal outcome using the Helping Babies Breathe (HBB) neonatal resuscitation algorithm can reduce perinatal mortality in low income settings. Mercy Ships is a non-governmental organisation providing free healthcare education in sub-Saharan Africa and in an attempt to reach more rural areas of Madagascar with our neonatal resuscitation training we designed a novel approach in collaboration with US Peace Corps Volunteers (PCV). PCVs work in rural areas and contribute to locally determined public health initiatives...
November 16, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831615/-knowledge-translation-the-basics-for-public-health-professionals
#11
Nina Van Der Stuyft, Alonso Soto, Lely Solari
Knowledge translation (KT) in Public Health involves the use of scientific evidence by decision makers when generating health policies directed to accelerate the benefits resulting from research and innovation in health system and ultimately people´s health. In this paper we review the definitions and conceptual frameworks related to systematization of KT processes. The different approaches to KT share the concept that KT is composed by two main elements: a product (information) developed through scientific method with a friendly format for the target public and an action devoted to support or promote a health related practice using the aforementioned product...
July 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830239/human-factors-for-more-usable-and-safer-health-information-technology-where-are-we-now-and-where-do-we-go-from-here
#12
A Kushniruk, C Nohr, E Borycki
: A wide range of human factors approaches have been developed and adapted to healthcare for detecting and mitigating negative unexpected consequences associated with technology in healthcare (i.e. technology-induced errors). However, greater knowledge and wider dissemination of human factors methods is needed to ensure more usable and safer health information technology (IT) systems. OBJECTIVE: This paper reports on work done by the IMIA Human Factors Working Group and discusses some successful approaches that have been applied in using human factors to mitigate negative unintended consequences of health IT...
November 10, 2016: Yearbook of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811017/know-me-a-new-person-centered-approach-for-dementia-friendly-emergency-department-care
#13
Belinda Parke, Kathleen F Hunter, Mary E Schulz, Lillia Jouanne
A visit to an emergency department can be a disorientating experience for someone with dementia. Empowered caregivers can mitigate harm stemming from communication issues to support a successful emergency department visit. A qualitative study determined the feasibility of the structure, format, and content of eight hospital-readiness communication tools. Data collection involved English and French-language caregiver focus groups in two Canadian provinces. Study findings have the potential to (a) improve safety in emergency care to older people with dementia and their caregivers, and (b) offer cost-effective communication tools for web-based knowledge translation activity in acute care...
November 3, 2016: Dementia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806041/barriers-facilitators-and-priorities-for-implementation-of-who-maternal-and-perinatal-health-guidelines-in-four-lower-income-countries-a-great-network-research-activity
#14
Joshua P Vogel, Julia E Moore, Caitlyn Timmings, Sobia Khan, Dina N Khan, Atkure Defar, Azmach Hadush, Marta Minwyelet Terefe, Luwam Teshome, Katherine Ba-Thike, Kyu Kyu Than, Ahmad Makuwani, Godfrey Mbaruku, Mwifadhi Mrisho, Kidza Yvonne Mugerwa, Lisa M Puchalski Ritchie, Shusmita Rashid, Sharon E Straus, A Metin Gülmezoglu
BACKGROUND: Health systems often fail to use evidence in clinical practice. In maternal and perinatal health, the majority of maternal, fetal and newborn mortality is preventable through implementing effective interventions. To meet this challenge, WHO's Department of Reproductive Health and Research partnered with the Knowledge Translation Program at St. Michael's Hospital (SMH), University of Toronto, Canada to establish a collaboration on knowledge translation (KT) in maternal and perinatal health, called the GREAT Network (Guideline-driven, Research priorities, Evidence synthesis, Application of evidence, and Transfer of knowledge)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799602/personal-care-participation-assessment-and-resource-tool-clinical-utility-for-inpatient-rehabilitation-utilit%C3%A3-clinique-du-personal-care-participation-assessment-and-resource-tool-pour-la-r%C3%A3-adaptation-en-milieu-hospitalier
#15
Susan W Darzins, Christine Imms, Marilyn Di Stefano, Camilla A Radia-George
BACKGROUND: Evidence supports validity of the Personal Care Participation Assessment and Resource Tool (PC-PART), but clinical utility remains unverified. PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate occupational therapists' perceptions about the PC-PART's clinical utility for inpatient rehabilitation. METHOD: Using mixed methods, occupational therapists who had used the PC-PART as part of a research study in an inpatient rehabilitation setting completed a questionnaire (n = 9) and participated in a focus group (n = 6) to explore their perspectives about its clinical utility...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy. Revue Canadienne D'ergothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798038/evaluating-a-community-based-exercise-intervention-with-adults-living-with-hiv-protocol-for-an-interrupted-time-series-study
#16
Kelly K O'Brien, Ahmed M Bayoumi, Patricia Solomon, Ada Tang, Kate Murzin, Soo Chan Carusone, Mehdi Zobeiry, Ayesha Nayar, Aileen M Davis
INTRODUCTION: Our aim was to evaluate a community-based exercise (CBE) intervention with the goal of reducing disability and enhancing health for community-dwelling people living with HIV (PLWH). METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We will use a mixed-methods implementation science study design, including a prospective longitudinal interrupted time series study, to evaluate a CBE intervention with PLWH in Toronto, Canada. We will recruit PLWH who consider themselves medically stable and safe to participate in exercise...
October 20, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775487/raising-awareness-of-research-evidence-among-health-professionals-delivering-dementia-care-are-knowledge-translation-workshops-useful
#17
Belinda Goodenough, Richard Fleming, Michael Young, Kim Burns, Cindy Jones, Fallon Forbes
Providing information about latest research via educational sessions to health professionals caring for people with dementia may be insufficient to drive change. This project explored self-reported impacts on practice change of adding information about knowledge translation (KT) to a national dementia education program. Six national workshop days were held. Each provided the option of participating in a Principles of KT and innovation implementation seminar in addition to a clinical topic update (sexualities and dementia, or managing behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia)...
October 24, 2016: Gerontology & Geriatrics Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760552/facilitating-factors-and-barriers-to-malaria-research-utilization-for-policy-development-in-malawi
#18
Chikondi A Mwendera, Christiaan de Jager, Herbert Longwe, Kamija Phiri, Charles Hongoro, Clifford M Mutero
BACKGROUND: Research on various determinants of health is key in providing evidence for policy development, thereby leading to successful interventions. Utilization of research is an intricate process requiring an understanding of contextual factors. The study was conducted to assess enhancing factors and barriers of research utilization for malaria policy development in Malawi. METHODS: Qualitative research approach was used through in-depth interviews with 39 key informants that included malaria researchers, policy makers, programme managers, and key stakeholders...
October 19, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756414/implementation-context-and-complexity
#19
Carl R May, Mark Johnson, Tracy Finch
BACKGROUND: Context is a problem in research on health behaviour change, knowledge translation, practice implementation and health improvement. This is because many intervention and evaluation designs seek to eliminate contextual confounders, when these represent the normal conditions into which interventions must be integrated if they are to be workable in practice. DISCUSSION: We present an ecological model of the ways that participants in implementation and health improvement processes interact with contexts...
October 19, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756358/knowledge-brokering-for-healthy-aging-a-scoping-review-of-potential-approaches
#20
Dwayne Van Eerd, Kristine Newman, Ryan DeForge, Robin Urquhart, Evelyn Cornelissen, Katie N Dainty
BACKGROUND: Developing a healthcare delivery system that is more responsive to the future challenges of an aging population is a priority in Canada. The World Health Organization acknowledges the need for knowledge translation frameworks in aging and health. Knowledge brokering (KB) is a specific knowledge translation approach that includes making connections between people to facilitate the use of evidence. Knowledge gaps exist about KB roles, approaches, and guiding frameworks. The objective of the scoping review is to identify and describe KB approaches and the underlying conceptual frameworks (models, theories) used to guide the approaches that could support healthy aging...
October 19, 2016: Implementation Science: IS
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