keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

hapten

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634286/conjugate-vaccine-immunotherapy-for-substance-use-disorder
#1
REVIEW
Paul T Bremer, Kim D Janda
Substance use disorder, especially in relation to opioids such as heroin and fentanyl, is a significant public health issue and has intensified in recent years. As a result, substantial interest exists in developing therapeutics to counteract the effects of abused drugs. A promising universal strategy for antagonizing the pharmacology of virtually any drug involves the development of a conjugate vaccine, wherein a hapten structurally similar to the target drug is conjugated to an immunogenic carrier protein...
July 2017: Pharmacological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629263/mass-spectrometry-based-analysis-of-murine-bronchoalveolar-lavage-fluid-following-respiratory-exposure-to-4-4-methylene-diphenyl-diisocyanate-aerosol
#2
Justin M Hettick, Brandon F Law, Chen-Chung Lin, Adam V Wisnewski, Paul D Siegel
Diisocyanates are highly reactive electrophiles utilized in the manufacture of a wide range of polyurethane products, and have been identified as causative agents of occupational allergic respiratory disease. However, in spite of the significant occupational health burden associated with diisocyanate-induced asthma, the mechanism of disease pathogenesis remains largely unknown. To better understand the fate of inhaled diisocyanates, a nose-only aerosol exposure system was constructed and utilized to expose a BALB/c mouse model to aerosol generated from 4,4'-methylene diphenyl diisocyanate (MDI)...
June 20, 2017: Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629026/multistate-proteinous-biomemory-device-based-on-redox-controllable-hapten-cross-linker
#3
Remziye Güzel, Arzu Ersöz, İbrahim Dolak, Rıdvan Say
A multistate biomemory device consisting of cytochrome c (Cyt-c) photosensitively cross-linked by MACys-Ru(bipyr)2-MACys hapten molecules, which have memory effect through a charge transfer mechanism, has been developed. In this study, it has suggested a highly resolute surface-confined switch composed a signal-enhanced electro-active protein (Cyt-c) co-polymerized on the gold substrates that can be controlled by redox property through Ruthenium based cysteine monomer hapten, MACys-Ru(bipyr)2-MACys as an ANADOLUCA photosensitive cross-linker...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622663/sensitive-immunoassay-for-simultaneous-determination-of-tetrabromobisphenol-a-bis-2-hydroxyethyl-ether-and-tetrabromobisphenol-a-mono-hydroxyethyl-ether-an-effective-and-reliable-strategy-to-estimate-the-typical-tetrabromobisphenol-a-derivative-and-byproduct
#4
Zhen Zhang, Nuanfei Zhu, Menglu Huang, Yaru Liang, Kun Zeng, Xiangyang Wu, Zhenjiang Liu, Qianchi Ma, Guangbo Qu, Jianbo Shi
Tetrabromobisphenol A bis(2-hydroxyethyl) ether (TBBPA DHEE), as one of the TBBPA derivatives, is frequently applied as a flame retardant. To date, however, little evidence has been gathered regarding its environmental behavior and fate. This is mainly attributed to the lack of an analytical approach available to measure it. Mass spectrometry cannot determine levels of TBBPA DHEE. LC-MS could not ionize TBBPA DHEE to yield enough fragments, while GC-MS could not be applied for the analysis either, due to the thermal degradation of TBBPA DHEE...
June 13, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611939/selective-targeting-of-the-l858r-mutation-egfr-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-mechanism-for-advancing-targeted-chemotherapy
#5
Rohan Arora, Venkat Krishnan
Lung cancer remains one of today's most deadly and intractable cancers. Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for roughly 85% of lung cancers, with an extremely poor survival rate. To ensure patient comfort and survival, the development of a selective therapy is imperative. However, lung cancer does not display surface proteins associated uniquely with tumor cells; thus, it is very difficult to develop a tumor-specific drug. Current techniques that target overexpression of proteins or inhibit growth pathways are either non-specific or prone to rapid drug resistance...
2017: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605688/enzyme-less-electrochemical-displacement-heterogeneous-immunosensor-for-diclofenac-detection
#6
T T K Nguyen, T T Vu, G Anquetin, H V Tran, S Reisberg, V Noël, G Mattana, Q V Nguyen, Tran Dai Lam, M C Pham, B Piro
We describe an electrochemical immunosensor based on functionalization of a working electrode by electrografting two functional diazonium salts. The first one is a molecular probe, diclofenac, coupled with an arylamine onto which a specific antibody is immobilized by affinity interactions; the second is a redox probe (a quinone) also coupled with an arylamine, able to transduce the hapten-antibody association into a change in electroactivity. The steric hindrance induced by the antibody leads to a current decrease upon binding of the antibody on the grafted molecular probe; conversely, when diclofenac is present in solution, a displacement equilibrium occurs between the target diffusing into the solution and the grafted probe...
June 7, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603847/tight-molecular-recognition-of-benzo-a-pyrene-by-a-high-affinity-antibody
#7
Andreas Eichinger, Irmgard Neumaier, Michael Pschenitza, Reinhard Nießner, Dietmar Knopp, Arne Skerra
Benzo[a]pyrene, produced during the combustion of organic material, is an abundant noxious pollutant because of its carcinogenic metabolic degradation products. The high affinity (KD ≈ 3 nM) monoclonal antibody 22F12 allows facile bioanalytical quantification of benzo[a]pyrene even in complex matrices. Here, we report its functional and X-ray crystallographic analysis in complex with 3-hydroxybenzo[a]pyrene after cloning of the V-genes and production as a recombinant Fab fragment. The polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon is bound in a deep pocket beween the light and heavy chains surrounded mainly by aromatic and aliphatic amino acid side chains...
June 11, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602621/binary-test-battery-with-keratinosens%C3%A2-and-h-clat-as-part-of-a-bottom-up-approach-for-skin-sensitization-hazard-prediction
#8
Yuki Otsubo, Taku Nishijo, Masaaki Miyazawa, Kazutoshi Saito, Hideyuki Mizumachi, Hitoshi Sakaguchi
Skin sensitization is one of the key safety endpoints for chemicals applied directly to the skin. Several integrated testing strategies (ITS) using multiple non-animal test methods have been developed to accurately evaluate the sensitizing potential of chemicals, but there is no regulatory-accepted ITS to classify a chemical as a non-sensitizer. In this study, the predictive performance of a binary test battery with KeratinoSens™ and h-CLAT compared to the local lymph node assay (LLNA) and human data was examined using comprehensive dataset of 203 chemicals...
June 7, 2017: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598600/protein-free-hapten-carbon-nanotube-constructs-induce-the-secondary-immune-response
#9
Eric Ceballos-Alcantarilla, Antonio Abad-Somovilla, Consuelo Agulló, Antonio Abad-Fuentes, Josep V Mercader
Carbon nanotubes are novel technological tools with multiple applications. The interaction between such nanoparticles and living organisms is nowadays a matter of keen research by academic and private institutions. In this study, carbon nanotube constructs were investigated as delivery vehicles for immunostimulation and induction of the secondary immune response to a small organic molecule, namely, a hapten. Two types of nanoconstructs were prepared: on one hand, carbon nanotubes carrying a protein bioconjugate of a hapten covalently linked to the carbon surface, and on the other hand, covalent carbon nanotube constructs of the same model chemical compound without the carrier protein...
June 21, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589358/somatic-hypermutation-and-affinity-maturation-analysis-using-the-4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl-acetyl-np-system
#10
Nicole Heise, Ulf Klein
Somatic hypermutation of immunoglobulin variable region (IgV) genes and affinity maturation of the antibody response are the hallmarks of the germinal center (GC) reaction in T cell-dependent immune responses. Determining the consequences of the experimental manipulation of the GC response on somatic hypermutation and affinity maturation requires the availability of a system that allows measuring these parameters. Immunization of mice of the C57/Bl6 genetic background with the hapten 4-hydroxy-3-nitrophenyl-acetyl (NP) coupled to a carrier protein leads to the predominant usage of one particular IgV heavy chain gene segment, V186...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583370/prostaglandin-e2-stimulates-adaptive-il-22-production-and-promotes-allergic-contact-dermatitis
#11
Calum T Robb, Henry J McSorley, Jinju Lee, Tomohiro Aoki, Cunjing Yu, Siobhan Crittenden, Anne Astier, Jennifer M Felton, Nicholas Parkinson, Adane Ayele, Richard M Breyer, Stephen M Anderton, Shuh Narumiya, Adriano G Rossi, Sarah E Howie, Emma Guttman-Yassky, Richard B Weller, Chengcan Yao
BACKGROUND: Atopic dermatitis (AD) and allergic contact dermatitis (ACD) are both forms of eczema and are common inflammatory skin diseases with a central role of Th22-derived IL-22 in their pathogenesis. Although prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is known to promote inflammation, little is known about its role in processes related to AD and ACD development, including IL-22 up-regulation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether PGE2 has a role in IL-22 induction and development of ACD, which has increased prevalence in patients with AD...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574716/development-of-a-clinically-viable-heroin-vaccine
#12
Paul T Bremer, Joel E Schlosburg, Matthew L Banks, Floyd F Steele, Bin Zhou, Justin L Poklis, Kim D Janda
Heroin is a highly abused opioid and incurs a significant detriment to society worldwide. In an effort to expand the limited pharmacotherapy options for opioid use disorders, a heroin conjugate vaccine was developed through comprehensive evaluation of hapten structure, carrier protein, adjuvant and dosing. Immunization of mice with an optimized heroin-tetanus toxoid (TT) conjugate formulated with adjuvants alum and CpG oligodeoxynucleotide (ODN) generated heroin 'immunoantagonism', reducing heroin potency by >15-fold...
June 2, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570609/construction-of-an-enantiopure-bivalent-nicotine-vaccine-using-synthetic-peptides
#13
David F Zeigler, Richard Roque, Christopher H Clegg
Clinical outcomes of anti-nicotine vaccines may be improved through enhancements in serum antibody affinity and concentration. Two strategies were explored to improve vaccine efficacy in outbred mice: the use of enantiopure haptens and formulation of a bivalent vaccine. Vaccines incorporating natural (-) nicotine haptens improved relative antibody affinities >10-fold over (+) haptens, stimulated a two-fold boost in nicotine serum binding capacity, and following injection with 3 cigarette equivalents of nicotine, prevented a larger proportion of nicotine (>85%) from reaching the brain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569761/chemically-induced-mouse-models-of-acute-and-chronic-intestinal-inflammation
#14
Stefan Wirtz, Vanessa Popp, Markus Kindermann, Katharina Gerlach, Benno Weigmann, Stefan Fichtner-Feigl, Markus F Neurath
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) result in diarrhea and abdominal pain with further potential complications such as tissue fibrosis and stenosis. Animal models help in understanding the immunopathogenesis of IBDs and in the design of novel therapeutic concepts. Here we present an updated version of a protocol we published in 2007 for key models of acute and chronic forms of colitis induced by 2,4,6-trinitro-benzene sulfonic acid (TNBS), oxazolone and dextran sulfate sodium (DSS). This protocol update describes an adaptation of the existing protocol that modifies the technique...
July 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562019/mass-spectrometric-characterization-of-circulating-covalent-protein-adducts-derived-from-epoxide-metabolites-of-carbamazepine-in-patients
#15
Vincent L M Yip, Xiaoli Meng, James L Maggs, Rosalind E Jenkins, Philippe T Marlot, Anthony G Marson, B Kevin Park, Munir Pirmohamed
Carbamazepine (CBZ) is an effective antiepileptic drug that has been associated with hypersensitivity reactions. The pathogenesis of those reactions is incompletely understood but is postulated to involve a complex interplay between the drug's metabolism, genetic variation in human leukocyte antigens, and adverse activation of the immune system. Multiple T-cell activation mechanisms have been hypothesized including activation by drug-peptide conjugates derived from proteins haptenated by reactive metabolites...
June 12, 2017: Chemical Research in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561803/utilization-of-multi-immunization-and-multiple-selection-strategies-for-isolation-of-hapten-specific-antibodies-from-recombinant-antibody-phage-display-libraries
#16
Antti Tullila, Tarja K Nevanen
Phage display technology provides a powerful tool for the development of novel recombinant antibodies. In this work, we optimized and streamlined the recombinant antibody discovery process for haptens as an example. A multi-immunization approach was used in order to avoid the need for construction of multiple antibody libraries. Selection methods were developed to utilize the full potential of the recombinant antibody library by applying four different elution conditions simultaneously. High-throughput immunoassays were used to analyse the binding properties of the individual antibody clones...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551462/rationalization-of-a-nanoparticle-based-nicotine-nanovaccine-as-an-effective-next-generation-nicotine-vaccine-a-focus-on-hapten-localization
#17
Zongmin Zhao, Yun Hu, Theresa Harmon, Paul Pentel, Marion Ehrich, Chenming Zhang
A lipid-polymeric hybrid nanoparticle-based next-generation nicotine nanovaccine was rationalized in this study to combat nicotine addiction. A series of nanovaccines, which had nicotine-haptens localized on carrier protein (LPKN), nanoparticle surface (LPNK), or both (LPNKN), were designed to study the impact of hapten localization on their immunological efficacy. All three nanovaccines were efficiently taken up and processed by dendritic cells. LPNKN induced a significantly higher immunogenicity against nicotine and a significantly lower anti-carrier protein antibody level compared to LPKN and LPNK...
May 19, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537884/a-cancer-vaccine-based-on-fluorine-modified-sialyl-tn-induces-robust-immune-responses-in-a-murine-model
#18
Chengcheng Song, Xiu-Jing Zheng, Chang-Cheng Liu, Yifa Zhou, Xin-Shan Ye
Development of an effective vaccine to target tumor associated carbohydrate antigens, aberrantly expressed on the cell surface of various carcinomas, is an appealing approach toward cancer immunotherapy. However, a major problem of carbohydrate antigens is their poor immunogenicity. Immunization with modified-carbohydrate antigens could improve the immunogenicity and induce cross reaction with the native carbohydrate antigens. In this study, we investigated the antitumor ability of three fluoro-substituted sialyl-Tn (STn) analogues (2, 3, 4) coupled to KLH (keyhole limpet hemocyanin) and studied the mechanism of tumor immunotherapy of the vaccines in a murine model of colon cancer...
May 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535353/broad-specificity-immunoassay-for-simultaneous-detection-of-ochratoxins-a-b-and-c-in-millet-and-maize
#19
Yaqiong Zhang, Lanteng Wang, Xing Shen, Xiaoqun Wei, Xinan Huang, Yingju Liu, Xiulan Sun, Zhanhui Wang, Yuanming Sun, Zhenlin Xu, Sergei A Eremin, Hongtao Lei
Ochratoxins A, B, and C (OTA, OTB, and OTC) can be found in cereals and feeds; the simultaneous detection of these ochratoxins holds a great need in food safety. In this study, four antibodies raised from two ochrotoxin haptens and two coating antigens were compared, and then a sensitive and broad-specificity enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was established for the simultaneous determination of three ochratoxins, where the detection limits were 0.005, 0.001, and 0.001 ng/mL for OTA, OTB, and OTC, respectively, and recoveries of three ochratoxins were between 84...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513561/the-effect-of-physicochemical-modification-on-the-function-of-antibodies-induced-by-anti-nicotine-vaccine-in-mice
#20
Jennifer M Thorn, Keshab Bhattacharya, Renata Crutcher, Justin Sperry, Colleen Isele, Barbara Kelly, Libbey Yates, James Zobel, Ningli Zhang, Heather L Davis, Michael J McCluskie
Smoking remains one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. One approach to assisting smoking cessation is via anti-nicotine vaccines, composed of nicotine-like haptens conjugated to a carrier protein plus adjuvant(s). We have previously shown that the carrier, hapten, linker, hapten load, degree of conjugate aggregation, and presence of adducts can each influence the function (nicotine-binding capacity) of the antibody (Ab) induced. Herein, we extend those findings and show that tertiary structure is also critical to the induction of functional immune responses and that this can be influenced by conjugation conditions...
May 17, 2017: Vaccines
keyword
keyword
88948
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"