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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231691/medical-devices-gastroenterology-urology-devices-classification-of-the-prostatic-artery-embolization-device-final-order
#1
(no author information available yet)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) is classifying the prostatic artery embolization device into class II (special controls). The special controls that apply to the device type are identified in this order and will be part of the codified language for the prostatic artery embolization device's classification. We are taking this action because we have determined that classifying the device into class II (special controls) will provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device...
November 14, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229171/special-considerations-in-pediatric-kidney-transplantation
#2
REVIEW
Sean A Hebert, Rita D Swinford, David R Hall, Jason K Au, John S Bynon
Universally accepted as the treatment of choice for children needing renal replacement therapy, kidney transplantation affords children the opportunity for an improved quality of life over dialysis therapy. Immunologic and surgical advances over the last 15 years have improved the pediatric patient and kidney graft survival. Unique to pediatrics, congenital genitourinary anomalies are the most common primary diseases leading to kidney failure, many with urological issues. Early urological evaluation for post-transplant bladder dysfunction and emphasis on immunization adherence are the mainstays of pediatric pretransplant and post-transplant evaluations...
November 2017: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072516/the-first-female-authors-of-the-journal-of-urology
#3
Kathryn Marchetti, Ted Lee, David A Bloom, Julian Wan
Introduction In 1917, Alma Hiller became the first woman to publish in the Journal of Urology ( JU). Her contribution was followed by articles from Carol Beeler and Isabel Mary Wason. This study explores their careers and contributions. Methods We reviewed JU articles from 1917 to 1925 and identified Hiller, Beeler, and Wason as the first three women authors. Using public records, we obtained information of their educations and careers. Results Hiller demonstrated resilience in obtaining training and ultimately contributed to innovation in clinical chemistry...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Biography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063170/-neuromodulation-of-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction
#4
REVIEW
T M Kessler, S de Wachter
Neuromodulative procedures such as transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), transcutaneous/percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation (TTNS/PTNS), and sacral neuromodulation (SNM) are promising second-line treatments for refractory lower urinary tract dysfunction. Using these therapies, both storage and voiding disorders but also bowel dysfunction might be successfully treated. Although the mechanism of action of neuromodulation is not well understood, it seems to involve modulation of spinal cord reflexes and brain networks by peripheral afferents (genital/rectal, tibial and sacral afferents in the case of TENS, TTNS/PTNS, and SNM, respectively)...
October 23, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059046/artificial-sperm-new-horizons-in-procreation
#5
REVIEW
Gilad Amiel, Valentin Shabataev, Raanan Tal
Azoospermia, the absence of any sperm cells from the ejaculated semen, poses a real challenge to the fertility urologist. While there are options to create happy families for azoospermic couples, such as the use of donor sperm and adoption, most couples still want to have genetically related offspring. Advances in urology, gynecology, and fertility laboratory technologies allow surgical sperm retrieval in azoospermic men and achievement of live births for many, but not all azoospermic couples. At present, there are extensive research efforts in several directions to create new fertility options by creating "artificial sperm cells...
October 16, 2017: Rambam Maimonides Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035495/medical-devices-gastroenterology-urology-devices-classification-of-the-enzyme-packed-cartridge-final-order
#6
(no author information available yet)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) is classifying the enzyme packed cartridge into class II (special controls). The special controls that apply to the device type are identified in this order and will be part of the codified language for the enzyme packed cartridge's classification. We are taking this action because we have determined that classifying the device into class II (special controls) will provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device. We believe this action will also enhance patients' access to beneficial innovative devices, in part by reducing regulatory burdens...
October 16, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035472/the-fate-of-some-urologic-innovations-from-the-last-century
#7
EDITORIAL
Stênio de Cássio Zequi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024735/quantitative-analysis-of-technological-innovation-in-urology
#8
Nikita R Bhatt, Niall F Davis, David M Dalton, T E D McDermott, Robert J Flynn, Arun Z Thomas, Rustom P Manecksha
OBJECTIVE: To assess major areas of technological innovation in urology in the last 20 years using patent and publication data. METHODS: Patent and MEDLINE databases were searched between 1980 and 2012 electronically using the terms urology OR urological OR urologist AND "surgeon" OR "surgical" OR "surgery". The patent codes obtained were grouped in technology clusters, then further analyzed with individual searches, and growth curves were plotted. Growth rates and patterns were analyzed, and patents were correlated with publications as a measure of scientific support and of clinical adoption...
October 9, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990746/medical-devices-gastroenterology-urology-devices-classification-of-the-high-intensity-ultrasound-system-for-prostate-tissue-ablation-final-order
#9
(no author information available yet)
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or we) is classifying the high intensity ultrasound system for prostate tissue ablation into class II (special controls). The special controls that apply to the device type are identified in this order and will be part of the codified language for the high intensity ultrasound system for prostate tissue ablation’s classification. We are taking this action because we have determined that classifying the device into class II (special controls) will provide a reasonable assurance of safety and effectiveness of the device...
October 2, 2017: Federal Register
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911923/secondary-data-sources-for-health-services-research-in-urologic-oncology
#10
REVIEW
Alexander P Cole, David F Friedlander, Quoc-Dien Trinh
BACKGROUND: Though secondary data analyses of large datasets may reduce logistical and financial barriers required to perform significant and innovative work, such research requires specialized skills in data handling and statistical techniques as well as thorough and detailed knowledge of the data sources being used. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of several common types of secondary data, focusing on strengths, weaknesses and examples of how these data may be used for health services research...
September 11, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901936/advances-in-paediatric-urology
#11
REVIEW
David A Diamond, Ivy H Y Chan, Andrew J A Holland, Michael P Kurtz, Caleb Nelson, Carlos R Estrada, Stuart Bauer, Paul K H Tam
Paediatric urological surgery is often required for managing congenital and acquired disorders of the genitourinary system. In this Series paper, we highlight advances in the surgical management of six paediatric urological disorders. The management of vesicoureteral reflux is evolving, with advocacy ranging from a less interventional assessment and antimicrobial prophylaxis to surgery including endoscopic injection of a bulking agent and minimally invasive ureteric reimplantation. Evidence supports early orchidopexy to improve fertility and reduce malignancy in boys with undescended testes...
September 9, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893523/-therapeutic-innovations-in-urology-for-localized-prostate-cancer
#12
REVIEW
L Cormier, G Créhange
The management of localized prostate cancer has been marked over these last years by the importance of Active Surveillance for low risk forms. Indeed, the long follow-up and the quality of the results are now sufficient to offer this option even in relatively young people. However, the question is still under investigation concerning intermediate risk of prostate cancer. Patients' selection and follow-up management are of very high importance. Another major evolution is the robotic assistance for radical prostatectomy...
October 2017: Cancer Radiothérapie: Journal de la Société Française de Radiothérapie Oncologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794585/current-status-of-robotic-single-port-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Ryan J Nelson, Jaya Sai S Chavali, Nitin Yerram, Paurush Babbar, Jihad H Kaouk
Robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery in urology is an ever progressing field, and boundaries are constantly broken with the aid of new technology. Advancements in instrumentation have given birth to the era of robotic laparoendoscopic single-site technique (R-LESS). R-LESS however, has not gained widespread acceptance due to technical hurdles such as adequate triangulation, robotic arm clashing, decreased access for the bedside assistant, lack of wrist articulation, continued need for an axillary/accessory port, lack of robust retraction, and ergonomic discomfort...
July 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744776/between-history-art-and-medicine-the-dresden-friedrichstadt-hospital-its-neptune-fountain-and-connections-to-vienna
#14
Uwe Wollina, Sabine Hunger, André Koch, Katlein França, Torello Lotti, Massimo Fioranelli, Maria Grazia Roccia
The Dresden-Friedrichstadt hospital originated from Marcolini's summer palace. It was founded in 1845 and opened in 1849. It is a place where history and art of European importance mixes with technical and medical innovations. We reflect on the meetings of Napoleon Bonaparte and Metternich in 1812, the creation of the famous Neptune fountain by Longuelune and Matielli and two outstanding physicians of the 19(th) century, the surgeon Eduard Zeis, who coined the medical term "plastic surgery", and Maximilian Nitze, inventor of the first "modern" cystoscope and the father of urology...
October 2017: Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734706/emerging-minimally-invasive-treatment-options-for-male-lower-urinary-tract-symptoms
#15
REVIEW
Giuseppe Magistro, Christopher R Chapple, Mostafa Elhilali, Peter Gilling, Kevin T McVary, Claus G Roehrborn, Christian G Stief, Henry H Woo, Christian Gratzke
CONTEXT: Lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are one of the most common and troublesome nonmalignant conditions affecting quality of life in aging men. A spectrum of established medical and surgical options is available to provide relief of bothersome LUTS. Both the adverse events of medication and the morbidity with surgical treatment modalities have to be counterbalanced against efficacy. Novel minimally invasive treatment options aim to be effective, ideally to be performed in an ambulatory setting under local anaesthesia and to offer a more favourable safety profile than existing reference techniques...
July 19, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734037/setting-up-a-pediatric-robotic-urology-program-a-usa-institution-experience
#16
REVIEW
Prithvi B Murthy, Eric D Schadler, Marcelo Orvieto, Gregory Zagaja, Arieh L Shalhav, Mohan S Gundeti
Implementing a robotic urological surgery program requires institutional support, and necessitates a comprehensive, detail-oriented plan that accounts for training, oversight, cost and case volume. Given the prevalence of robotic surgery in adult urology, in many instances it might be feasible to implement a pediatric robotic urology program within the greater context of adult urology. This involves, from an institutional standpoint, proportional distribution of equipment cost and operating room time. However, the pediatric urology team primarily determines goals for volume expansion, operative case selection, resident training and surgical innovation within the specialty...
July 22, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716329/mending-gaps-in-knowledge-collaborations-in-neurogenic-bladder-research
#17
REVIEW
Jeremy B Myers, Darshan P Patel, Sean P Elliott, John T Stoffel, Blayne Welk, Amitabh Jha, Sara M Lenherr
Patient-reported outcomes and quality of life assessments are essential to studying conditions such as neurogenic bladder in which multiple management strategies are approximately equally efficacious. Innovations for the treatment of neurogenic bladder need to be guided by both clinical and patient-reported outcomes that are rigorously tested via high-quality prospective cohort or randomized studies. Collaborative research groups in reconstructive urology are critical to the study of uncommon disease processes because they allow studies to be powered adequately, foster innovative treatment strategies through collaboration, and help moderate the risk of investigator and or institutional biases...
August 2017: Urologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712686/using-touch-surgery-to-improve-surgical-education-in-low-and-middle-income-settings-a-randomized-control-trial
#18
Gisele Juru Bunogerane, Kathryn Taylor, Yihan Lin, Ainhoa Costas-Chavarri
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: There is a severe surgical workforce shortage in Rwanda. Innovative educational tools must be introduced to train more residents and increase surgical capacity. Touch Surgery (TS) is a smartphone application that offers trainees the opportunity to practice operations; however, its effect is unknown in low- and middle-income countries. Our objectives were to determine the training effect of TS and its feasibility for use in surgery education in a low-resource setting...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699357/adoption-of-robot-assisted-partial-nephrectomies-a-population-based-analysis-of-u-s-surgeons-from-2004-to-2013
#19
Hoiwan Cheung, Ye Wang, Steven L Chang, Yash Khandwala, Francesco Del Giudice, Benjamin I Chung
INTRODUCTION: Urological surgeries have contributed to the increasing prevalence of minimally invasive robotic procedures. Although factors influencing the adoption of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy have previously been identified, the explanation for the rapid rise in robotic partial nephrectomies remains unknown. Using a retrospective population-based sample, we attempt to determine hospital and surgeon-specific factors influencing a surgeon's decision to utilize robotic assistance for partial nephrectomies...
August 11, 2017: Journal of Endourology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28652870/global-implementation-of-advanced-urological-care-policy-implementation-research
#20
Lynn Stothers, Andrew Macnab
INTRODUCTION: In high-resource countries, modern treatments for urological diseases have led to significant reductions in mortality and morbidity; however, the benefits of modern treatment have yet to reach the majority of people worldwide. As attention is focused on improving urological care in the global community, policy and implementation research (PIR) offers a platform for effective organization and engagement. METHODS: We have compiled a photo essay to illustrate the fundamental components of PIR...
June 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
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