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3d print staghorn stone

Adam Golab, Tomasz Smektala, Marcin Krolikowski, Marcin Slojewski
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is an endoscopic technique used for treating large stones, multiple stones, and staghorn calculi. Although minimally invasive, complication rate of PNL reaches 25%, and it is partially associated with needle puncture during nephrostomy tract preparation. Continuous improvement of armamentarium and imaging methods and the introduction of three-dimensional (3D) visualizations optimize the procedure; however, the rapid and precise establishment of the nephrostomy tract is still difficult...
May 13, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
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