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Tiotropium

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920517/superiority-of-tiotropium-plus-olodaterol-in-comparison-with-salmeterol-plus-fluticasone
#1
COMMENT
Tomohiro Tamura, Hiroaki Satoh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920513/bronchodilator-efficacy-of-18-%C3%AE-g-once-daily-tiotropium-inhalation-via-discair-%C3%A2-versus-handihaler-%C3%A2-in-adults-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-randomized-active-controlled-parallel-group-open-label-phase-iv-trial
#2
Pinar Yildiz, Mesut Bayraktaroglu, Didem Gorgun, Funda Secik
PURPOSE: To compare the bronchodilator efficacy of 18 μg once-daily tiotropium inhalation administered via Discair(®) versus HandiHaler(®) in adults with moderate-to-severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Fifty-eight patients with moderate-to-severe COPD were enrolled in this randomized, active-controlled, parallel-group, open-label, Phase IV non-inferiority trial. Patients were randomly assigned to a test group (n=29, inhalation with Discair) or a reference group (n=29, inhalation with HandiHaler)...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916620/efficacy-and-safety-of-glycopyrrolate-formoterol-mdi-formulated-using-co-suspension%C3%A2-delivery-technology-in-patients-with-copd
#3
Fernando J Martinez, Klaus F Rabe, Gary T Ferguson, Leonardo M Fabbri, Stephen Rennard, Gregory J Feldman, Sanjay Sethi, Selwyn Spangenthal, Gregory M Gottschlich, Roberto Rodriguez-Roisin, Samir Arora, Thomas M Siler, Shahid Siddiqui, Patrick Darken, Tracy Fischer, Andrea Maes, Michael Golden, Chad Orevillo, Colin Reisner
BACKGROUND: Long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA)/long-acting β2-agonist (LABA) combinations are a treatment option for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who continue to have symptoms despite treatment with a LAMA or LABA alone. OBJECTIVES: The PINNACLE-1 (NCT01854645) and -2 (NCT01854658) trials investigated the efficacy and safety of a novel GFF MDI (glycopyrrolate [GP]/formoterol [FF] 18/9.6 μg metered dose inhaler [MDI]) formulated using Co-Suspension™ Delivery Technology, in patients with moderate-to-very severe COPD...
December 1, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888045/effects-of-tiotropium-on-lung-function-in-current-smokers-and-never-smokers-with-bronchial-asthma
#4
Makoto Yoshida, Yasuko Kaneko, Akiko Ishimatsu, Masashi Komori, Tomoaki Iwanaga, Hiromasa Inoue
The effects of tiotropium, an inhaled long-acting muscarinic antagonist, on lung function were investigated in current smokers and nonsmokers with asthma treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICSs) and other asthma controllers: inhaled long-acting β2 agonists, leukotriene receptor antagonists, and/or theophylline. We conducted a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of an inhaled single dose of tiotropium in 9 asthmatics currently smoking and 9 asthmatics who have never smoked in a crossover manner. Lung function was measured before and 1, 3, and 24 h after inhalation of 18 μg of tiotropium or a placebo...
November 22, 2016: Pulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886854/efficacy-and-safety-of-indacaterol-glycopyrronium-in-japanese-patients-with-copd-pooled-analysis-of-shine-and-arise
#5
Kazuhisa Asai, Kazuto Hirata, Shu Hashimoto, Yoshinosuke Fukuchi, Tetsuji Kitawaki, Kimitoshi Ikeda, Robert Fogel, Donald Banerji
BACKGROUND: To better evaluate the efficacy and safety of the indacaterol/glycopyrronium (IND/GLY) fixed-dose combination versus tiotropium in Japanese patients, a pooled data analysis was conducted from the SHINE and ARISE studies, which were part of the IND/GLY clinical trial program. METHODS: Japanese patients with moderate-to-severe COPD were included in the analysis. Efficacy in terms of pre-dose forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) at Week 12 and Week 24/26 (ARISE/SHINE) and FEV1 at 30min and 60min post-dose at Day 1, Week 12, and Week 24/26 was evaluated...
November 2016: Respiratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853383/uk-specific-cost-effectiveness-of-tiotropium-olodaterol-fixed-dose-combination-versus-other-lama-laba-combinations-in-patients-with-copd
#6
Abigail Tebboth, Andrew Ternouth, Nuria Gonzalez-Rojas
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to assess the cost-effectiveness of other long-acting muscarinic antagonist + long-acting β2 agonist combinations in comparison with Spiolto(®) Respimat(®) (tiotropium + olodaterol fixed-dose combination [FDC]) for maintenance treatment to relieve symptoms in adult patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. METHODS: A previously published individual-level Markov model was adapted for the perspective of the UK health care system, in line with recommendations from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence...
2016: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843306/efficacy-and-safety-of-tiotropium-olodaterol-maintenance-treatment-in-patients-with-copd-in-the-tonado-%C3%A2-and-otemto-%C3%A2-studies-a-subgroup-analysis-by-age
#7
Gary T Ferguson, Jill P Karpel, Emmanuelle Clerisme-Beaty, Lars Grönke, Florian Voß, Roland Buhl
BACKGROUND: Increasing age is associated with poor prognosis in patients with COPD. OBJECTIVE: This analysis from the replicate Phase III OTEMTO(®) and TONADO(®) studies examined the efficacy and safety of tiotropium, a long-acting anticholinergic, combined with olodaterol, a long-acting β2-agonist, compared to monotherapies and placebo in patients with COPD aged 40 years to <65 years, 65 years to <75 years, 75 years to <85 years, and ≥85 years. METHODS: In these double-blind, parallel-group, active-controlled, multicenter, randomized studies, patients received tiotropium + olodaterol 2...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820743/anticholinergic-drugs-in-asthma-therapy
#8
Maria D'Amato, Carolina Vitale, Antonio Molino, Maurizia Lanza, Gennaro D'Amato
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Current guidelines recommend a stepwise approach for pharmacological therapy aimed to achieve and maintain asthma control. Despite these recommendations, at least 50% of patients continue to be uncontrolled with risk of asthma exacerbations that can often be serious and are associated with deterioration of quality of life. In recent years, the interest in anticholinergic bronchodilators, which have been primarily used in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, has increased patients with uncontrolled asthma...
January 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817821/consistent-improvement-in-health-related-quality-of-life-with-tiotropium-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-novel-and-conventional-responder-analyses
#9
Donald P Tashkin, Eric D Bateman, Paul Jones, Valentina B Zubek, Norbert Metzdorf, Dacheng Liu, Thomas Leonard, Emmanuelle Clerisme-Beaty, Robert A Wise
INTRODUCTION: Improving health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in COPD patients is an important pharmacotherapeutic objective. This study investigated the extent, consistency, and durability of tiotropium maintenance therapy impact on HRQoL in moderate-to-very severe COPD. METHODS: Patients received once-daily tiotropium 18 μg (n = 5244) or placebo (n = 4799) via HandiHaler(®) (10 trials), or once-daily tiotropium 5 μg (n = 2622) or placebo (n = 2618) via Respimat(®) inhaler (3 trials)...
November 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27817811/a-multicenter-randomized-double-blind-dose-ranging-study-of-glycopyrrolate-formoterol-fumarate-fixed-dose-combination-metered-dose-inhaler-compared-to-the-monocomponents-and-open-label-tiotropium-dry-powder-inhaler-in-patients-with-moderate-to-severe-copd
#10
Donald P Tashkin, Fernando J Martinez, Roberto Rodriguez-Roisin, Charles Fogarty, Mark Gotfried, Michael Denenberg, Gregory Gottschlich, James F Donohue, Chad Orevillo, Patrick Darken, Earl St Rose, Shannon Strom, Tracy Fischer, Michael Golden, Colin Reisner
BACKGROUND: This study formed part of the dose selection for a glycopyrrolate (GP)/formoterol fumarate (FF) fixed-dose combination formulated using novel Co-Suspension™ Delivery Technology and delivered via a metered dose inhaler (GFF MDI). The study aimed to confirm the optimal dose of GP to formulate with FF 9.6 μg in the fixed-dose combination product, GFF MDI. METHODS: This multicenter, randomized, double-blind, chronic-dosing, balanced incomplete block, crossover study (NCT01587079) compared five doses of GFF MDI (18/9...
November 2016: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812637/effects-of-indacaterol-versus-tiotropium-on-exercise-tolerance-in-patients-with-moderate-copd-a-pilot-randomized-crossover-study
#11
Danilo Cortozi Berton, Álvaro Huber Dos Santos, Ivo Bohn, Rodrigo Quevedo de Lima, Vanderléia Breda, Paulo José Zimermann Teixeira
Objective: To compare a once-daily long-acting β2 agonist (indacaterol 150 µg) with a once-daily long-acting anticholinergic (tiotropium 5 µg) in terms of their effects on exercise endurance (limit of tolerance, Tlim) in patients with moderate COPD. Secondary endpoints were their effects on lung hyperinflation, exercise-related dyspnea, and daily-life dyspnea. Methods: This was a randomized, single-blind, crossover pilot study involving 20 patients (mean age, 60...
September 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811070/a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-tiotropium-in-adolescents-with-severe-symptomatic-asthma
#12
Eckard Hamelmann, Jonathan A Bernstein, Mark Vandewalker, Petra Moroni-Zentgraf, Daniela Verri, Anna Unseld, Michael Engel, Attilio L Boner
We present results from the first phase III trial of once-daily tiotropium add-on to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) plus one or more controller therapies in adolescents with severe symptomatic asthma.In this double-blind, parallel-group trial (NCT01277523), 392 patients aged 12-17 years were randomised to receive once-daily tiotropium 5 µg or 2.5 µg, or placebo, as an add-on to ICS plus other controller therapies over 12 weeks. The primary and key secondary end-points were change from baseline (response) in peak forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) within 3 h post-dosing (FEV1(0-3h)) and trough FEV1, respectively, after 12 weeks of treatment...
November 3, 2016: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796912/assessing-short-term-deterioration-in-maintenance-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-copd-receiving-umeclidinium-vilanterol-and-tiotropium-a-pooled-analysis-of-three-randomized-trials
#13
M Reza Maleki-Yazdi, Dave Singh, Antonio Anzueto, Lee Tombs, William A Fahy, Ian Naya
INTRODUCTION: Dual bronchodilator therapy is reserved as a second-line treatment in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and provides benefits in lung function and health status versus monotherapy. The aim of this study was to determine whether early initiation of a dual bronchodilator versus monotherapy reduced the risk of deterioration in COPD. METHODS: This post hoc pooled analysis investigated the efficacy and safety of umeclidinium/vilanterol (UMEC/VI) 62...
October 28, 2016: Advances in Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787709/muscarinic-receptor-antagonists
#14
Maria Gabriella Matera, Mario Cazzola
Parasympathetic activity is increased in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma and appears to be the major reversible component of airway obstruction. Therefore, treatment with muscarinic receptor antagonists is an effective bronchodilator therapy in COPD and also in asthmatic patients. In recent years, the accumulating evidence that the cholinergic system controls not only contraction by airway smooth muscle but also the functions of inflammatory cells and airway epithelial cells has suggested that muscarinic receptor antagonists could exert other effects that may be of clinical relevance when we must treat a patient suffering from COPD or asthma...
October 28, 2016: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785010/efficacy-and-safety-of-indacaterol-glycopyrronium-in-japanese-patients-with-copd-a-subgroup-analysis-from-the-shine-study
#15
Shu Hashimoto, Hisataro Ikeuchi, Shujiro Murata, Tetsuji Kitawaki, Kimitoshi Ikeda, Donald Banerji
BACKGROUND: COPD-related deaths are increasing in Japan, with ~5.3 million people at risk. METHODS: The SHINE was a 26-week, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group study that evaluated safety and efficacy of indacaterol (IND)/glycopyrronium (GLY) 110/50 μg once daily (od) compared with GLY 50 μg od, IND 150 μg od, open-label tiotropium (TIO) 18 μg od, and placebo. The primary end point was trough forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1) at Week 26...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27724909/a-systematic-review-of-comparative-studies-of-tiotropium-respimat%C3%A2-and-tiotropium-handihaler%C3%A2-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-does-inhaler-choice-matter
#16
Ronald Dahl, Alan Kaplan
BACKGROUND: In many countries worldwide, the long-acting anticholinergic drug tiotropium is available as a dry powder formulation delivered by means of the HandiHaler® inhalation device and as an aqueous solution delivered via the Respimat® Soft Mist™ Inhaler. Tiotropium HandiHaler® is a single-dose, dry powder, breath-actuated inhaler that provides delivered doses and lung deposition of tiotropium that are, over a wide range, not influenced by the severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)...
October 11, 2016: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703365/long-term-safety-of-tiotropium-delivered-by-respimat-%C3%A2-softmist%C3%A2-inhaler-patient-selection-and-special-considerations
#17
REVIEW
Ching Kuo Tan, Gui Quan Say, James B Geake
Tiotropium bromide is a long-acting inhaled muscarinic antagonist used in patients with chronic respiratory disease. It has been available since 2002 as a single-dose dry powder formulation via the HandiHaler(®) dry powder inhaler (DPI) device, and since 2007 as the Respimat(®) SoftMist™ Inhaler (SMI). The latter is a novel method of medication delivery that utilizes a multidose aqueous solution to deliver the drug as a fine mist. Potential benefits include more efficient drug deposition throughout the respiratory tract, reduced systemic exposure, and greater ease of use and patient satisfaction compared with the use of HandiHaler DPI...
2016: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27703341/cost-effectiveness-and-budget-impact-of-the-fixed-dose-dual-bronchodilator-combination-tiotropium-olodaterol-for-patients-with-copd-in-the-netherlands
#18
Job Fm van Boven, Janwillem Wh Kocks, Maarten J Postma
PURPOSE: The fixed-dose dual bronchodilator combination (FDC) of tiotropium and olodaterol showed increased effectiveness regarding lung function and health-related quality of life in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) compared with the use of its mono-components. Yet, while effectiveness and safety have been shown, the health economic implication of this treatment is still unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the cost-utility and budget impact of tiotropium-olodaterol FDC in patients with moderate to very severe COPD in the Netherlands...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679681/tiotropium-in-asthma-what-is-the-evidence-and-how-does-it-fit-in
#19
REVIEW
David M G Halpin
Despite current therapeutic approaches asthma remains uncontrolled in a significant proportion of patients. Short-acting anticholinergic bronchodilators have a very long history of use in asthma, and recent data confirms the importance of acetylcholine as both a bronchoconstrictor and as a regulator of inflammation and remodeling in the lungs. Data from a comprehensive clinical trial programme, as well as use in primary care, show the efficacy and safety of tiotropium in adults with mild to moderate asthma when it is added to ICS and in severe asthma when it is added to high doses of ICS plus LABA, as well as in adolescents...
2016: World Allergy Organization Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621608/the-efficacy-and-safety-of-combined-tiotropium-and-olodaterol-via-the-respimat-%C3%A2-inhaler-in-patients-with-copd-results-from-the-japanese-sub-population-of-the-tonado-%C3%A2-studies
#20
Masakazu Ichinose, Hiroyuki Taniguchi, Ayako Takizawa, Lars Grönke, Lazaro Loaiza, Florian Voß, Yihua Zhao, Yoshinosuke Fukuchi
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of once-daily tiotropium + olodaterol (T+O) maintenance treatment was demonstrated in the large, multinational, replicate, randomized, Phase III, Tonado(®) 1 (NCT01431274) and 2 (NCT01431287) studies in patients with moderate to very severe COPD. However, there may be racial differences in the effects of T+O on lung function in patients with COPD. METHODS: In this Tonado(®) subgroup analysis, we assessed efficacy and safety of T+O in Japanese participants...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
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