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Staghorn stone

M Fernández Ibieta, A Bujons Tur, J Caffaratti Sfulcini, J Alberola, D Bonín, R Jiménez Corro, H Villavicencio
INTRODUCTION: Extracorporeal Shock Wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is the cornerstone of pediatric urolitiasis management. We evaluated its efficacy and complications in a series of children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Children who were managed with ESWL between 2003 and 2012 were retrospectively reviewed. We studied etiology, clinical presentation, stonefree ratio and relevant complications. SPSS 17.0 software was used. RESULTS: 90 children aged 0 to 10 years (median 2...
January 15, 2016: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
Manint Usawachintachit, David T Tzou, Weiguo Hu, Jianxing Li, Thomas Chi
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with successful ultrasound guidance for each surgical step of ultrasound-guided percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients undergoing PCNL between March 2015 and June 2016 were prospectively enrolled. An attempt was made to utilize ultrasound guidance in renal access, tract dilation, and nephrostomy tube placement for each patient. For steps during which ultrasound guidance was unsuccessful, fluoroscopic screening was applied...
October 5, 2016: Urology
Sarwar Noori Mahmood, Hewa Mahmood Toffeq
Background: Percutaneous nephrostolithotomy is an important approach for removing kidney stones. Puncturing and dilatation are two mandatory steps in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Uncommonly, during dilatation, the dilators can cause direct injury to the main renal vein or to their tributaries. Case Presentation: A 75-year-old female underwent PCNL for partial staghorn stone in the left kidney. During puncturing and dilatation, renal vein tributary was injured, and the nephroscope entered the renal vein and inferior vena cava, which was clearly recognized...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Widi Atmoko, Ponco Birowo, Nur Rasyid
Objectives: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy on staghorn calculi is challenging for urologists because it is difficult to remove all of the stones. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the associated factors of stone-free rate after primary percutaneous nephrolithotomy on staghorn calculi in a large series of patients at a single, tertiary referral, endourologic stone center. Methods: We collected data from medical record between January 2000 and December 2015. A total of 345 primary percutaneous nephrolithotomy procedures were performed for patients with staghorn calculi...
2016: F1000Research
Bimalesh Purkait, Manoj Kumar, Ashok Kumar Sokhal, Ankur Bansal, Satya Narayan Sankhwar, Ashok Kumar Gupta
To assess the outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in bilateral staghorn calculi in pediatric patients, we have performed a retrospective analysis. Staghorn calculus is defined as stone that fills a greater part of the pelvic-caliceal system. Still, in developing countries, patients may present with staghorn calculus. PCNL is the preferred treatment modality for staghorn calculus both in adult and children. Our study included fifty-one pediatric patients (<15 years) of bilateral staghorn calculi from 2004 to 2015...
September 15, 2016: Urolithiasis
Asha Kumari, Sumit Dokwal, Pawan Mittal, Rajender Kumar, Richa Goel, Piyush Bansal, Himanshu Devender Kumar, Jaikrit Bhutani
INTRODUCTION: Nephrolithiasis is a complex disease affecting all age groups globally. As the causative factors for nephrolithiasis rises significantly, its incidence, prevalence and recurrence continues to baffle clinicians and patients. AIM: To study the prevalence of different types of renal stones extracted by Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) and open surgical procedures. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal stones from 50 patients were retrieved by Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL), Ureterorenoscopy (URS) and open surgical techniques for qualitative tests for detection of calcium, oxalate, uric acid, phosphate, ammonium ion, carbonate, cystine and xanthine...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Subramanian Vaidyanathan, Azi Samsudin, Gurpreet Singh, Peter L Hughes, Bakul M Soni, Fahed Selmi
INTRODUCTION: Paraplegic patients are at greater risk of developing complications following ureteroscopic lithotripsy because of urine infection associated with neuropathic bladder, difficulties in access due to altered anatomy of urinary bladder and urethra, spinal curvature, spasticity, and contractures. We report the occurrence of large subcapsular hematoma following ureteroscopy and discuss lessons we learn from this case. CASE REPORT: A 48-year-old male patient with spina bifida underwent ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy and ureteric stenting for left ureteric stone and staghorn calculus with hydronephrosis; laser lithotripsy was repeated after 3 months; both procedures were performed by a senior urologist and did not result in any complications...
2016: International Medical Case Reports Journal
Kamaljot S Kaler, Daniel Cwikla, Ralph V Clayman
Pleural effusions due to pleural injury following supracostal percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) occur in upwards of 15% of patients; however, these effusions are invariably diagnosed immediately postoperative or during the hospital stay. Herein, we report our initial experience with a delayed nephropleural fistula. A 52-year-old female underwent an uneventful supracostal right PCNL staghorn stone procedure and was discharged on postoperative day 1. She presented to the emergency department 8 days after her original procedure and one day after ureteral stent removal in the office, with right pleural effusion, concomitant contralateral renal colic secondary to migration of a left pelvic stone into her left proximal ureter, and acute renal failure/oliguria...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Andrew N McCall, Johann P Ingimarsson, Griffin T Morrisson, Christopher C Hook, Amy E Krambeck
BACKGROUND: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) for large stone burden can be problematic in patients with significant risk of bleeding complications, specifically thrombocytopenia. This report demonstrates effective correction of two patients' thrombocytopenia, subsequently leading to removal of large stone burden through PCNL. CASE PRESENTATION: We present two Middle Eastern patients who presented with medical histories significant for thrombocytopenia, secondary to splenomegaly and hepatic vein thrombosis, and large volume nephrolithiasis...
2016: J Endourol Case Rep
Ali Tabibi, Amir Reza Abedi, Mohammad Hadi Radfar, Mohammad Reza Kamranmanesh, Hormoz Karami, Davood Arab, Hamid Pakmanesh
PURPOSE: To compare the outcome of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) using split or intact Amplatz sheath. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy two patients who underwent PCNL were randomly divided into two groups; PCNL using intact (group 1) and split (group 2) Amplatz sheath. Preoperative data, operative time, largest extracted stone size, fluoroscopy and lithotripsy time, and serum biochemistry tests before and after PCNL were evaluated. RESULTS: Preoperative features and stone size were not significantly different between the groups...
2016: Urology Journal
Sumit Kumar, Jayaram Sreenivas, Vilvapathy Senguttuvan Karthikeyan, Ashwin Mallya, Ramaiah Keshavamurthy
PURPOSE: Scoring systems have been devised to predict outcomes of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). CROES nephrolithometry nomogram (CNN) is the latest tool devised to predict stone-free rate (SFR). We aim to compare predictive accuracy of CNN against Guy stone score (GSS) for SFR and postoperative outcomes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2013 and December 2015, 313 patients undergoing PCNL were analyzed for predictive accuracy of GSS, CNN, and stone burden (SB) for SFR, complications, operation time (OT), and length of hospitalization (LOH)...
October 2016: Journal of Endourology
Z J Zhu, Q Q Xu, X B Huang, Y Hong, Q Y Yang, S Wang, L Z An, T Xu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the risk factors of systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in the patients with type 2 diabetes diagnosed with kidney stone after percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). METHODS: In this study, 461 patients with type 2 diabetes who received PCNL in Peking University People's Hospital from June 2006 to December 2015 were reviewed. There were 281 males and 180 females with an average age of 57 years were included, of whom, 137 were diagnosed with SIRS after PCNL...
February 18, 2016: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
Iason Kyriazis, Panagiotis Kallidonis, Marinos Vasilas, Vasilios Panagopoulos, Wissam Kamal, Evangelos Liatsikos
OBJECTIVES: To present our experience with a central, non-calyceal puncture protocol for percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) in an attempt to challenge the opinion of worldwide adopted calyceal puncture as the less traumatic site of percutaneous entrance into the collecting system. PATIENTS AND METHODS: During 2012, a total of 137 consecutive, unselected patients were subjected to PCNL in our department. Non-calyceal punctures were performed to all cases and followed by subsequent track dilations up to 30 Fr...
August 10, 2016: World Journal of Urology
Stavros Sfoungaristos, Ioannis Mykoniatis, Ayman Isid, Amitay Lorber, Ofer N Gofrit, Guy Hidas, Ezekiel H Landau, Dov Pode, Mordechai Duvdevani
OBJECTIVE: To assess interobserver reliability and reproducibility of the Clinical Research Office of the Endourological Society (CROES) nephrolithometric nomogram. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Preoperative data and postoperative outcomes of 100 consecutive patients who underwent percutaneous nephrolithotomy were obtained. Patients' data were reviewed separately by 4 independent urologists of different academic level: an experienced attending endourologist, a graduated fellow, a young fellow, and a resident...
July 18, 2016: Urology
Casey A Dauw, Michael S Borofsky, Nadya York, James E Lingeman
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is considered the gold standard for treatment of large renal calculi. Although several investigators have examined the feasibility and outcomes associated with PCNL in obese patients, these studies have been limited by small sample size, lack of a comparator group, or few patients at body mass index (BMI) extremes. We thus compared outcomes of superobese (BMI >50) patients undergoing PCNL vs both an "overweight" and "ideal" cohort. METHODS: We used a prospectively maintained database to identify ideal (BMI 18...
September 2016: Journal of Endourology
Firtantyo Adi Syahputra, Ponco Birowo, Nur Rasyid, Faisal Abdi Matondang, Endrika Noviandrini, Maruto Harjanggi Huseini
Objectives Bleeding is the most common complication of percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). Injudicious transfusion is frequently performed in current practice, even though it is not always needed. This study aimed to identify the predictive factors of blood loss in the PCNL procedure and evaluate the perioperative transfusion practice. Methods A prospective study of PCNL was randomly performed by two consultants of endo-urology at our institution. The inclusion criteria were adults with kidney pelvic stones >20 mm or stone in inferior calyx >10 mm or staghorn stone...
2016: F1000Research
K S Wijayarathna, G G Weerasingha, A S Weligamage, R Chandrajith, A M Abeygunasekera
The composition of renal stones varies widely among populations. The aim of our study was to determine the composition of staghorn renal stones using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy in a cohort of Sri Lankan patients. Forty two staghorn calculi removed from kidneys of adult patients during open surgery were analysed. There were 32 men. Nineteen (45%) were calcium oxalate monohydrate (whewellite) stones. Stones containing a mixture of calcium oxalate and calcium hydroxyl phosphate (apatite) were found in 16 (38%)...
June 2016: Ceylon Medical Journal
Grażyna Krzemień, Agnieszka Szmigielska, Katarzyna Jankowska-Dziadak, Małgorzata Pańczyk-Tomaszewska
Urolithiasis in children occurs with the incidence of 0.1-5%. Risk factors such as metabolic disorders, recurrent urinary tract infections and/or congenital abnormalities of urinary tract are detected in 75-85% of children with urolithiasis. Staghorn calculi is associated with delayed diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infection caused by specific organisms, which produce the enzyme urease, promoting generation of ammonia and hydroxide from urea. We present two boys with staghorn calculi recognized in 8th and 31st month of age...
January 2016: Developmental Period Medicine
Marcelino Rivera, Boyd Viers, Patrick Cockerill, Deepak Agarwal, Ramila Mehta, Amy Krambeck
INTRODUCTION: We aim to describe pre- and postoperative predictors of infection-related complications in individuals undergoing percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients treated with PCNL from 2009 to 2013 were reviewed. Patients with positive urine or stone cultures received extended antimicrobial treatment. All others received 7 days of empirical therapy preoperatively and postoperatively. Pre- and postoperative predictors of infectious complication were identified...
September 2016: Journal of Endourology
Luigi Quaresima, Alessandro Conti, Alexia Vici, Marco Tiroli, Daniele Cantoro, Admena Rreshketa, Emanuele Principi, Matteo Tallè, Luca Moroni, Mahmoud Yehia, Giovanni Muzzonigro
OBJECTIVE: Aim of the present study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL) in the Galdakao- Modified Supine Valdivia (GMSV) position in order to predict operative time, stone-free rate and onset of complications taking into account comorbidity, stone-related parameters and anatomic upper urinary tract abnormalities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective evaluation of patients who underwent to PCNL in GMSV position for renal stones > 2 cm, from January 2009 to February 2015 was performed...
2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
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