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Cost-comparison analysis nephrolithiasis

Victoria Valencia, Michelle Moghadassi, Dana R Kriesel, Steve Cummings, Rebecca Smith-Bindman
BACKGROUND: Urolithiasis (kidney stones) is a common reason for Emergency Department (ED) visits, accounting for nearly 1% of all visits in the United States. Computed tomography (CT) has become the most common imaging test for these patients but there are few comparative effectiveness data to support its use in comparison to ultrasound. This paper describes the rationale and methods of STONE (Study of Tomography Of Nephrolithiasis Evaluation), a pragmatic randomized comparative effectiveness trial comparing different imaging strategies for patients with suspected urolithiasis...
May 2014: Contemporary Clinical Trials
Yair Lotan, Jeffrey A Cadeddu, Margaret S Pearle
Although medical therapy is known to reduce the risk of kidney stone recurrence, the cost effectiveness of medical prophylaxis is controversial. We evaluated medical treatment strategies including dietary measures (conservative), empiric medical therapy (empiric) or directed medical therapy (directed) based on comprehensive metabolic evaluation (CME) for patients with recurrent kidney stones, and compared the costs of these strategies using cost data from ten different countries. We previously established rates of stone formation in recurrent stone-formers, risk reduction of medical therapy, sensitivity of CME and rates of spontaneous stone passage from a comprehensive literature search (Lotan et al...
June 2005: Urological Research
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