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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631902/-comparative-estimation-of-antilithogenic-activity-of-porcine-kidney-derived-biomedical-substance-and-sodium-citrate-in-experimental-urolithiasis
#1
G V Pavlyashik, A Yu Zharikov, V I Kiselev
AIM: to compare the anti-lithogenic activity of biomedical substance derived from freeze-dried porcine kidney and sodium citrate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The experiments were conducted on Wistar rats divided into three groups of 15 animals each: control group (disease control), comparison group (sodium citrate treatment) and experimental group (treatment with biomedical substance from porcine kidneys). Experimental urolithiasis was modeled using the ethylene glycol model...
June 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619084/unusual-clinical-outcome-of-primary-hyperoxaluria-type-1-in-tunisian-patients-carrying-33_34insc-mutation
#2
Ibtihel Benhaj Mbarek, Saoussen Mdimeg, Amira Moussa, Dorsaf Zellama, Hayat Kaarout, Jaouida Abdelmoula, Abdellatif Achour, Saoussen Abroug, Asma Omezzine, Ali Bouslama
BACKGROUND: Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1), is a rare and heterogeneous disease and one of major causes of renal insufficiency in Tunisia, caused by mutations in the AGXT gene. 33-34InsC mutation, was mainly described in children with a severe clinical feature leading to early death, but it was uncommonly reported in adult patients. METHODS: Common mutations in AGXT were tested using PCR/RFLP technique in 111 patients (68 adult, 43 children) with suspected PH1...
June 15, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616648/protective-effect-of-dietary-polyphenol-caffeic-acid-on-ethylene-glycol-induced-kidney-stones-in-rats
#3
Fauzia Yasir, Atia-Tul- Wahab, M Iqbal Choudhary
Dietary polyphenol caffeic acid (1) has been reported for various pharmacological activities. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effect of caffeic acid (1) on ethylene glycol-induced renal stones in rats. For the study, male Wistar rats were divided into seven groups; normal, pathological, and standard drug controls, and preventive and curative groups. Normal control group received drinking water for 8 weeks. Pathological, standard drug, preventive, and curative groups received 0.75% ethylene glycol in drinking water for the induction of calcium oxalate stone formation, along with the regular diet...
June 14, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585182/lime-powder-treatment-reduces-urinary-excretion-of-total-protein-and-transferrin-but-increases-uromodulin-excretion-in-patients-with-urolithiasis
#4
Piyaratana Tosukhowong, Pimsuda Kulpradit, Sakdithep Chaiyarit, Wattanachai Ungjareonwattana, Nuttiya Kalpongnukul, Supoj Ratchanon, Visith Thongboonkerd
Our previous study has shown that lime powder (LP) had an inhibitory effect against calcium oxalate stone formation. However, the precise mechanisms underlying such beneficial effect remained unclear. Our present study thus aimed to address the effect of LP on excretory level and compositions of urinary proteins using a proteomics approach. From a total of 80 calcium oxalate stone formers recruited into our 2-year randomized clinical trial of LP effect, 10 patients with comparable age and clinical parameters were selected for this proteomic study...
June 5, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567512/total-flavonoids-of-desmodium-styracifolium-attenuates-the-formation-of-hydroxy-l-proline-induced-calcium-oxalate-urolithiasis-in-rats
#5
Jianfu Zhou, Jing Jin, Xiong Li, Zhongxiang Zhao, Lei Zhang, Qian Wang, Jing Li, Qiuhong Zhang, Songtao Xiang
Desmosium styracifolium (D. styracifolium), which is considered as a Chinese herbal medicine, has been reported to treat the kidney stone diseases. However, the potential phytochemically active components and the underlying mechanisms associated with its efficacy in targeting urolithiasis remain to be elucidated. This study aims to investigate the anti-urolithiatic effect of total flavonoids of D. styracifolium (TFDS) on calcium oxalate (CaOx) renal stones in Sprague-Dawley rats. Animal models of CaOx urolithiasis were established in male Sprague-Dawley rats by adding 5% w/w hydroxy-L-proline (HLP) in regular rat chow...
May 31, 2017: Urolithiasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560471/impact-of-laser-fiber-tip-cleavage-on-power-output-for-ureteroscopy-and-stone-treatment
#6
M Haddad, E Emiliani, Y Rouchausse, F Coste, L Berthe, S Doizi, S Buttice, B Somani, O Traxer
PURPOSE: Holmium:YAG laser is the most used laser for urolithiasis. Generally, we use metallic scissors to cut the fiber tip to restore its effectiveness. Many cleaving methods have been described to avoid fiber damage and to restore its greatest power to the fiber. There is a lack of information regarding which cleaving method should be used and its effect on the fiber. In order to compare these effects, we studied different cleavage methods in terms of power output and its effects on the fiber...
May 30, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560352/endourologic-management-of-an-iatrogenic-ureteral-avulsion-using-a-thermoexpandable-nickel-titanium-alloy-stent-memokath-051
#7
Maral J Rouhani, Hamid Abboudi, Norma Gibbons, Tamer El-Husseiny
Background: The use of ureteroscopy in the management of urolithiasis is well established. Ureteral avulsion is a rare but challenging complication of the procedure. Postureteral injury strictures are a common result of such injuries and are typically managed with reconstructive surgery or endoscopically with polymer stent. This case represents the first effective management of ureteral avulsion and subsequent ureteral stricture using a Memokath ureteral stent. Case Presentation: A 54-year-old gentleman presented to the Department of Urology with right loin pain as a result of right renal calculi, previously treated with extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560121/comparison-of-different-analgesia-drug-regimens-for-pain-control-during-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-for-renal-stones-a-randomized-control-study
#8
Muhammad Waqas, Amna Butt, Mohammad Ayaz Khan, Ijaz Khan, Imad-Ud-Din Saqib, Tariq Hussain, Saeed Akhter
INTRODUCTION: With the increased use of extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), the management of urolithiasis has become much convenient for the patients and the health care professionals alike. However, associated with the procedure is the common complaint of pain. No agreed upon pain management strategy has yet been developed for the procedure. We compared the effect of different analgesia drug regiments for pain control. METHODOLOGY: A randomised controlled trial was carried out in Shifa International Hospital from between July 2015 to January 2016...
April 26, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529700/effect-of-citrus-based-products-on-urine-profile-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Fakhri Rahman, Ponco Birowo, Indah S Widyahening, Nur Rasyid
Background. Urolithiasis is a disease with high recurrence rate, 30-50% within 5 years. The aim of the present study was to learn the effects of citrus-based products on the urine profile in healthy persons and people with urolithiasis compared to control diet and potassium citrate.  Methods. A systematic review was performed, which included interventional, prospective observational and retrospective studies, comparing citrus-based therapy with standard diet therapy, mineral water, or potassium citrate. A literature search was conducted using PUBMED, COCHRANE, and Google Scholar with "citrus or lemonade or orange or grapefruit or lime or juice" and "urolithiasis" as search terms...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528955/potential-therapeutic-activity-of-phlogacanthus-thyrsiformis-hardow-mabb-flower-extract-and-its-biofabricated-silver-nanoparticles-against-chemically-induced-urolithiasis-in-male-wistar-rats
#10
Poppy Das, Kiran Kumar, Arunai Nambiraj, Reshma Rajan, Rajendra Awasthi, Kamal Dua, Himaja M
Urolithiasis is a painful disorder in which stones are formed in the kidney, bladder or urethra. There are no proper therapeutic treatments available for kidney stones and people suffering from larger stones have to undergo surgery which has many side effects. A natural remedy with therapeutic effects that can dissipate and remove even the larger stones would eliminate the need of a surgery and the risks associated with it. The flowers of Phlogacanthus thyrsiformis used in culinary recipes in the north eastern India are also widely used as a folklore medicine for the treatment of kidney stones and liver disorders...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503324/a-5-day-antibiotic-course-for-treatment-of-intermittent-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-patients-with-spinal-cord-injury
#11
Jean-Gabriel Previnaire, Morgane Le Berre, Elisabeth Hode, Vincent Dacquet, Hemanou Bordji, Pierre Denys, Jean-Marc Soler
INTRODUCTION: This was a retrospective monocentric study conducted at Centre Calvé, France, with the objective of evaluating the effectiveness of a 5-day course of antibiotics for symptomatic (mild urinary tract infection, UTI) or asymptomatic (aBact) bacteriuria in patients with spinal cord injury on intermittent catheterization. CASE PRESENTATION: This study was conducted from May 2013 to September 2016. Antibiotic selection always followed culture collection and analysis of antibiograms...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495197/randomized-allopurinol-controlled-trial-of-the-effects-of-dietary-nucleotides-and-active-hexose-correlated-compound-in-the-treatment-of-canine-leishmaniosis
#12
Sergi Segarra, Guadalupe Miró, Ana Montoya, Luis Pardo-Marín, Noemí Boqué, Lluis Ferrer, José Cerón
First-line treatment for canine leishmaniosis (CanL) is N-methylglucamine antimoniate (MGA) combined with allopurinol. However, in some dogs allopurinol may induce hyperxanthinuria leading to urolithiasis. Moreover, allopurinol resistance has recently been described in Leishmania infantum isolates from treated dogs with a relapse of the disease. Alternative treatments are thus needed. Since the type of host immune response strongly influences CanL progression and prognosis, dogs could benefit from treatments targeted at modulating such response, such as nucleotides and active hexose correlated compound (AHCC)...
May 30, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494641/establishment-and-evaluation-of-patient-specific-virtual-ureteroscopy-in-assisting-flexible-ureteroscopy-for-urolithiasis
#13
Yi Zhang, Cheng-Fan Yu, Jun-Hui Zhang, Lu-Dong Qiao, Wei Yan, Cai-Peng Qin
OBJECTIVES: To establish virtual ureteroscopy (VU) through computed tomography urography (CTU) data from patients with upper urinary tract (UUT) stones indicated for flexible ureteroscopy (fURS) and to validate its effectiveness. METHODS: Patient-specific VU generation was accomplished through incorporating CTU data into specialized software (Crusher) developed on the open access Visualization Tools Kit (VTK). These were then presented to fURS experts and novice urologists for evaluation and comparison using modified Likert-type questionnaire of 10-point rating scales (1 = not at all useful/not at all realistic/poor, 10 = very useful/very realistic/ excellent)...
May 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480659/daily-mean-temperature-and-urolithiasis-presentation-in-six-cities-in-korea-time-series-analysis
#14
Byung Hoon Chi, In Ho Chang, Se Young Choi, Dong Churl Suh, Chong Won Chang, Yun Jung Choi, Seo Yeon Lee
Seasonal variation in urinary stone presentation is well described in the literature. However, previous studies have some limitations. To explore overall cumulative exposure-response and the heterogeneity in the relationships between daily meteorological factors and urolithiasis incidence in 6 major Korean cities, we analyzed data on 687,833 urolithiasis patients from 2009 to 2013 for 6 large cities in Korea: Seoul, Incheon, Daejeon, Gwangju, Daegu, and Busan. Using a time-series design and distributing lag nonlinear methods, we estimated the relative risk (RR) of mean daily urolithiasis incidence (MDUI) associated with mean daily meteorological factors, including the cumulative RR for a 20-day period...
June 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480348/antiurolithic-effect-of-olive-oil-in-a-mouse-model-of-ethylene-glycol-induced-urolithiasis
#15
Mohammed Alenzi, Shaik Rahiman, Bilal Ahmad Tantry
PURPOSE: At present, commercially available antiurolithic drugs have more adverse effects than potential therapeutic or preventive effects with chronic use. With this in mind, the present study was designed to assess the antiurolithic effect of olive oil in a mouse model of ethylene glycol (EG)-induced urolithiasis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adult albino mice were divided into 6 groups. Group I was fed the vehicle only. Group II was supplemented with 0.75% EG alone in drinking water during the experimental period to initiate deposition of calcium oxalate in kidneys, which leads to urolithiasis in animals...
May 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467511/urinary-metals-in-a-spontaneous-canine-model-of-calcium-oxalate-urolithiasis
#16
Eva Furrow, Molly E McCue, Jody P Lulich
Calcium oxalate urolithiasis is a common and painful condition in people. The pathogenesis of this disease is complex and poorly understood. Laboratory animal and in vitro studies have demonstrated an effect of multiple trace metals in the crystallization process, and studies in humans have reported relationships between urinary metal concentrations and stone risk. Dogs are a spontaneous model of calcium oxalate urolithiasis, and the metal content of canine calcium oxalate stones mirrors that of human stones...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458427/antiurolithiatic-and-antioxidant-efficacy-of-musa-paradisiaca-pseudostem-on-ethylene-glycol-induced-nephrolithiasis-in-rat
#17
Padma Nibash Panigrahi, Sahadeb Dey, Monalisa Sahoo, Ananya Dan
OBJECTIVE: Musa paradisiaca has been used in the treatment of urolithiasis by the rural people in South India. Therefore, we plan to evaluate its efficacy and possible mechanism of antiurolithiatic effect to rationalize its medicinal use. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urolithiasis was induced in hyperoxaluric rat model by giving 0.75% ethylene glycol (EG) for 28 days along with 1% ammonium chloride (AC) for the first 14 days. Antiurolithiatic effect of aqueous-ethanol extract of M...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446830/bryophyllum-pinnatum-leaf-extracts-prevent-formation-of-renal-calculi-in-lithiatic-rats
#18
Mahendra Yadav, Vijay D Gulkari, Manish M Wanjari
BACKGROUND: Bryophyllum pinnatum, commonly known as Pattharcaṭṭa, is used traditionally in ethnomedicinal practices for the treatment of kidney stone and urinary insufficiency. AIM: The present study evaluated the effect of Bryophyllum pinnatum on ethylene glycol (EG)-induced renal calculi in rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Renal calculi were induced in rats by administration of 0.75% EG in drinking water and co-treated orally with standard drug, Cystone (750 mg/kg), or alcoholic and hydro-alcoholic extracts in doses of 100, 200 and 400 mg/kg for 28 days...
October 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394535/-metaphylaxis-of-urolithiasis-new-look-modern-approach-implementation-in-a-mobile-application
#19
N K Gadzhiev, S S Brovkin, V E Grigorev, V V Dmitriev, V A Malkhasyan, D D Shkarupa, A V Pisarev, D A Mazurenko, V M Obidnyak, I N Orlov, S V Popov, N S Tagirov, S V Petrov
AIM: To analyze the sub-segment of mHealth devoted to assessing of the risk of recurrent stone formation and metaphylaxis of stone formation. To design a smartphone application (app.) in Russian language for urolithiasis patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three working groups of urologists from three St. Petersburg clinics searched for downloadable medical applications relevant to the above requirements. After searching and analyzing existing medical applications, the most acceptable design and structure of our own application were identified...
April 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375136/review-antiurolithiatic-plants-formulations-used-in-different-countries-and-cultures
#20
Salman Ahmed, Muhammad Mohtasheemul Hasan, Zafar Alam Mahmood
About 12% of world population is affected by different forms of urolithiasis in which the recurrence rate in female is 47-60% and in male is 70-80%. According to WHO 75% people rely on traditional medicines for the prevention and cure of different ailments. Similarly, the majority of the world population use a number of plants to treat problems related to the urinary tract system in which urolithiasis is the major cause. The aim of the review is to collect the data of the plants used in different parts and cultures of the world against urolithiasis with their parts, mode of preparation, dosage and administration...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
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