keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cerebrovascular intervention

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812959/periocular-manifestations-of-trigeminal-trophic-syndrome-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#1
Katherine A McVeigh, Morag Adams, Richard Harrad, Rebecca Ford
Trigeminal trophic syndrome (TTS) is a condition whereby persistent facial ulceration presents consequent to central or peripheral insult to the trigeminal nerve. Lesions are created by repetitive self-inflicted manipulation and trauma of dysaesthetic skin within the trigeminal dermatome. We discuss four cases with aetiologies varied from presumed microvascular compromise to resection of cerebral meningioma, cerebrovascular accident, and herpes zoster ophthalmicus. We discuss the management of the under-recognised associated periocular skin ulcerations that result from physical manipulation of dysesthic skin and prove to be persistent and challenging to treat...
August 16, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807522/orthostatic-hypotension-a-practical-approach-to-investigation-and-management
#2
Amy C Arnold, Satish R Raj
The maintenance of blood pressure upon the assumption of upright posture depends on rapid cardiovascular adaptations driven primarily by the autonomic nervous system. Failure of these compensatory mechanisms can result in orthostatic hypotension (OH), defined as sustained reduction in systolic blood pressure > 20 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > 10 mm Hg within 3 minutes of standing or > 60° head-up tilt. OH is a common finding, particularly in elderly populations, associated with cardiovascular and cerebrovascular morbidity and mortality...
May 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805772/-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-extracranial-internal-carotid-artery-lesion-combined-with-cerebrovascular-malformation
#3
A I Khripun, A D Pryamikov, A B Mironkov, S A Asratyan, I N Tyurin, V S Suryakhin, M V Abashin, V P Mikhaylenko
AIM: To analyze own experience of diagnosis and treatment of patients with extracranial internal carotid artery lesion and cerebrovascular malformations. MATERIAL AND METHODS: There were 16 patients with combined lesion of extracranial and intracranial internal carotid artery for the period January 2013 - December 2014. Occlusive-stenotic lesion and tortuosity of ICA were observed in 11 and 5 cases respectively. RESULTS: Incidence of combined ICA lesion was 5...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805102/favourable-long-term-outcome-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-in-a-nationwide-cohort
#4
Hera Johannesdottir, Linda O Arnadottir, Jonas A Adalsteinsson, Tomas A Axelsson, Martin I Sigurdsson, Solveig Helgadottir, Dadi Helgason, Helga R Gardarsdottir, Steinthor A Marteinsson, Arnar Geirsson, Gudmundur Thorgeirsson, Tomas Gudbjartsson
OBJECTIVES: In a nationwide cohort, we analyzed long-term outcome following coronary artery bypass grafting, using the combined strategy of left internal mammary artery to the left anterior descending artery and saphenous vein as secondary graft to other coronary targets. METHODS: 1,507 consecutive patients that underwent myocardial revascularization during 2001-2012 in Iceland. Mean follow-up was 6.8 years. Major adverse cardiac and cerebrovascular events were depicted using the Kaplan-Meier method...
August 13, 2017: Scandinavian Cardiovascular Journal: SCJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803655/usefulness-of-pa32540-in-protecting-the-gastric-layer-while-providing-secondary-prevention-for-coronary-artery-disease
#5
REVIEW
Deepthi Kagolanu, Najia Sayedy, Syed Haseeb, Shivani Shah, Paul Lam, Swapna Munnangi, Prakash Viswanathan, Kent Stephenson
Aspirin has been the mainstay for secondary prevention of coronary artery disease to decrease early recurrence and severity of recurrent cardiovascular events. However, an increase in gastrointestinal bleeding due to aspirin is preventing many patients from adhering to this daily regimen. PA32540, a combination pill with aspirin and omeprazole, is a newly emerging intervention that has the potential to reinforce patient compliance with the aspirin regimen due to fewer gastrointestinal adverse effects. This systematic review assessed three recent phase 3 clinical trials investigating the safety and efficacy of PA32540...
July 14, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800410/incident-risk-and-progression-of-cerebral-microbleeds-in-healthy-adults-a-multi-occasion-longitudinal-study
#6
Ana M Daugherty, Naftali Raz
Decline in cerebrovascular health complicates brain aging, and development of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) is one of its prominent indicators. In a large sample of healthy adults (N = 251, age 18-78 years at baseline, 70% women), the contributions of chronological age and vascular health indicators to the risk of developing a CMB, as well as the change in CMB size and iron content, were examined in a prospective 8-year longitudinal study using susceptibility weighted imaging. Twenty-six persons (10.4%), most of whom were 40 years of age or older, had at least 1 CMB during the study...
July 18, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798199/human-cerebral-blood-flow-control-during-hypoxia-focus-on-chronic-pulmonary-obstructive-disease-copd-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa
#7
Andrew E Beaudin, Sara E Hartmann, Matiram Pun, Marc J Poulin
The brain is a vital organ that relies on a constant and adequate blood flow to match oxygen and glucose delivery with the local metabolic demands of active neurons. Thus, exquisite regulation of cerebral blood flow (CBF) is particularly important under hypoxic conditions to prevent a detrimental decrease in the partial pressure of oxygen within the brain tissues. Cerebrovascular sensitivity to hypoxia, assessed as the change in CBF during a hypoxic challenge, represents the capacity of cerebral vessels to respond to, and compensate for, a reduced oxygen supply, and has been shown to be impaired or blunted in a number of conditions...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796845/improved-early-risk-stratification-of-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction-undergoing-primary-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-using-a-combination-of-serum-soluble-st2-and-nt-probnp
#8
Jongwook Yu, Pyung Chun Oh, Minsu Kim, Jeonggeun Moon, Yae Min Park, Kyounghoon Lee, Soon Yong Suh, Seung Hwan Han, Kyunghee Byun, Taehoon Ahn, Woong Chol Kang
BACKGROUND: Although soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) in serum is known to be associated with ischemic heart disease and heart failure, data regarding its prognostic impact in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is limited. We evaluated the prognostic impacts of serum sST2 and other serum biomarkers in STEMI patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: Consecutive all 323 patients with STEMI that underwent primary PCI were enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795029/comparison-of-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-first-and-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-first-approaches-for-2-stage-hybrid-coronary-revascularization
#9
Hang Jun Choi, Joonkyu Kang, Hyun Song, Do Yeon Kim, Kuk Bin Choi
BACKGROUND: Hybrid coronary revascularization (HCR) was developed to combine the advantages of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). However, it is still controversial whether it is more optimal to perform CABG or PCI first. The purpose of this study was to compare the clinical outcomes of these 2 approaches. METHODS: Eighty patients who underwent HCR from May 2010 to December 2015 were enrolled in this retrospective analysis...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28794252/white-matter-hyperintensity-reduction-and-outcomes-after-minor-stroke
#10
Joanna M Wardlaw, Francesca M Chappell, Maria Del Carmen Valdés Hernández, Stephen D J Makin, Julie Staals, Kirsten Shuler, Michael J Thrippleton, Paul A Armitage, Susana Muñoz-Maniega, Anna K Heye, Eleni Sakka, Martin S Dennis
OBJECTIVE: To assess factors associated with white matter hyperintensity (WMH) change in a large cohort after observing obvious WMH shrinkage 1 year after minor stroke in several participants in a longitudinal study. METHODS: We recruited participants with minor ischemic stroke and performed clinical assessments and brain MRI. At 1 year, we assessed recurrent cerebrovascular events and dependency and repeated the MRI. We assessed change in WMH volume from baseline to 1 year (normalized to percent intracranial volume [ICV]) and associations with baseline variables, clinical outcomes, and imaging parameters using multivariable analysis of covariance, model of changes, and multinomial logistic regression...
August 9, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28790270/-severe-carotid-artery-disease-preoperative-assessment-and-perioperative-management
#11
Kaoru Matsuura, Goro Matsumiya
Cerebrovascular complication is the one of the most dreadful complication after open heart surgery which leads to significant decrease of quality of life even if the patients survived. To decrease these complications, carotid doppler echo as one of the non-invasive carotid screening modalities is effective. Carotid artery stenosis is common in the patients with coronary artery disease, and it is more frequent in the patients with more complexed coronary artery lesions. The more the patients indicated for coronary artery bypass grafting has complexed lesions these days, the more the patients have carotid artery lesions...
July 2017: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776238/danger-ahead-the-burden-of-diseases-injuries-and-risk-factors-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-region-1990-2015
#12
Ali H Mokdad
OBJECTIVES: The Eastern Mediterranean Region faces several health challenges at a difficult time with wars, unrest, and economic change. METHODS: We used the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study to present the burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors in the Eastern Mediterranean Region from 1990 to 2015. RESULTS: Ischemic heart disease was the leading cause of death in the region in 2015, followed by cerebrovascular disease. Changes in total deaths ranged from a reduction of 25% for diarrheal diseases to an increase of about 42% for diabetes and tracheal, bronchus, and lung cancer...
August 3, 2017: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772221/perioperative-prediction-of-agitated-hyperactive-delirium-after-cardiac-surgery-in-adults-the-development-of-a-practical-scorecard
#13
Hani N Mufti, Gregory M Hirsch
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a temporary mental disorder that occurs frequently among hospitalized patients. In this study we sought to develop a user-friendly scorecard based on perioperative features to identify patients at risk of developing agitated delirium after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed on adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery in a single center. A parsimonious predictive model was created, with subsequent internal validation...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767806/extracranial-carotid-stenosis-evidence-based-review
#14
Carolina Dutra Queiroz Flumignan, Ronald Luiz Gomes Flumignan, Túlio Pinho Navarro
Extracranial cerebrovascular disease is one of the most important causes of death and disability worldwide and its treatment is based on clinical and surgical strategies, the latter being performed by conventional or endovascular techniques. The management of stenosis of the carotid bifurcation is mainly aimed at preventing stroke and has been the subject of extensive investigation. The role of clinical treatment has been re-emphasized, but carotid endarterectomy remains the first-line treatment for symptomatic patients with 50% to 99% stenosis and for asymptomatic patients with 60% to 99% stenosis...
May 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765735/blood-pressure-targets-and-clinical-outcomes-in-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction
#15
Hyukjin Park, Young Joon Hong, Jae Yeong Cho, Doo Sun Sim, Hyun Ju Yoon, Kye Hun Kim, Ju Han Kim, Youngkeun Ahn, Myung Ho Jeong, Jeong Gwan Cho, Jong Chun Park
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The optimal blood pressure (BP) target in patients with a history of acute myocardial infarction (MI) remains as a subject of debate. The 'J curve phenomenon' has been suggested as a target for BP control, however, it is unclear whether this phenomenon can be applied to MI patients. We analyzed patients with acute MI and investigated whether the 'J curve phenomenon' exists in this population. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from a nationwide prospective Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry, which included 10337 patients with acute MI who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) between 2011 and 2014...
July 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765254/risk-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-its-association-with-cardiovascular-and-noncardiac-vascular-risk-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-population-based-study
#16
Katelynn M Wilton, Eric L Matteson, Cynthia S Crowson
OBJECTIVE: To define the incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and determine whether OSA diagnosis predicts future cardiovascular disease (CVD) and noncardiac vascular events. METHODS: Medical information pertaining to RA, OSA, CVD, and vascular diagnoses was extracted from a comprehensive medical record system for a geographically defined population of 813 patients previously diagnosed with RA and 813 age- and sex-matched comparator subjects...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760723/impact-of-residual-syntax-score-on-clinical-outcomes-after-incomplete-revascularization-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-large-single-centre-study
#17
Ying Song, Zhan Gao, Xiaofang Tang, Ping Jiang, Jingjing Xu, Yi Yao, Jianxin Li, Xueyan Zhao, Shubin Qiao, Yuejin Yang, Runlin Gao, Bo Xu, Jinqing Yuan
AIMS: This study assessed the prognostic capacity of residual SYNTAX score (rSS) in a large cohort of patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention(PCI) in clinical practice. METHODS AND RESULTS: 10,344 consecutive patients were prospectively enrolled. Complete revascularization (CR; rSS=0), reasonable incomplete revascularization (RICR; 0 < rSS ≤ 8), and ICR (rSS > 8) were achieved in 5375 (51.9%), 3401 (32.9%), and 1568 (15.2%) patients. During 2-year follow-up, ICR patients had the highest incidences of major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCE; 20...
August 1, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760511/interarm-blood-pressure-difference-in-a-post-stroke%C3%A2-population
#18
Eva Gaynor, Linda Brewer, Lisa Mellon, Patricia Hall, Frances Horgan, Emer Shelley, Eamonn Dolan, Anne Hickey, Kathleen Bennett, David J Williams
An increased interarm systolic blood pressure (SBP) difference of ≥10 mm Hg is associated with increased cardiovascular risk and a difference of ≥15 mm Hg with increased cerebrovascular risk. The stroke population presents a high-risk group for future cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events and therefore estimation of interarm SBP difference as a predictive tool may assist with further secondary stroke prevention. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of interarm SBP and diastolic blood pressure difference in a post-stroke population...
July 4, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Hypertension: JASH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760217/time-in-therapeutic-range-and-major-adverse-outcomes-in-atrial-fibrillation-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-the-atrial-fibrillation-undergoing-coronary-artery-stenting-afcas-registry
#19
MULTICENTER STUDY
Marco Proietti, K E Juhani Airaksinen, Andrea Rubboli, Axel Schlitt, Tuomas Kiviniemi, Pasi P Karjalainen, Gregory Yh Lip
BACKGROUND: Combination of oral anticoagulation (OAC) and antiplatelets is used in atrial fibrillation (AF) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention and stent (PCI-S) procedure but is associated with increased bleeding when triple antithrombotic therapy (TAT) is used. Our aim was to analyze the impact of time in therapeutic range (TTR) on outcomes, in patients prescribed with TAT. METHODS: Ancillary analysis from the AFCAS registry in patients assigned to TAT...
August 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757259/endotoxemia-induces-lung-brain-coupling-and-multi-organ-injury-following-cerebral-ischemia-reperfusion
#20
Nguyen Mai, Landa Prifti, Aric Rininger, Hannah Bazarian, Marc W Halterman
Post-ischemic neurodegeneration remains the principal cause of mortality following cardiac resuscitation. Recent studies have implicated gastrointestinal ischemia in the sepsis-like response associated with the post-cardiac arrest syndrome (PCAS). However, the extent to which the resulting low-grade endotoxemia present in up to 86% of resuscitated patients affects cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury has not been investigated. Here we report that a single injection of low-dose lipopolysaccharide (50μg/kg, IP) delivered after global cerebral ischemia (GCI) induces blood-brain barrier permeability, microglial activation, cortical injury, and functional decline in vivo, compared to ischemia alone...
July 28, 2017: Experimental Neurology
keyword
keyword
88930
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"