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Lama Noureddine, Jose Medina
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Brad J Gemmell, Hernando P Bacosa, Ben O Dickey, Colbi G Gemmell, Lama R Alqasemi, Edward J Buskey
Field data from the first several days after an oil spill is rare but crucial for our understanding of a spill's impact on marine microbiota given their short generation times. Field data collected within days of the Texas City "Y" oil spill showed that exposure to crude oil can rapidly imbalance populations of marine microbiota, which leads to the proliferation of more resistant organisms. Vibrionales bacteria were up to 48 times higher than background concentrations at the most impacted sites and populations of the dinoflagellate Prorocentrum texanum increased significantly as well...
March 19, 2018: Ecotoxicology
Diana M Sobieraj, William L Baker, Elaine Nguyen, Erin R Weeda, Craig I Coleman, C Michael White, Stephen C Lazarus, Kathryn V Blake, Jason E Lang
Importance: Long-acting muscarinic antagonists (LAMAs) are a potential adjunct therapy to inhaled corticosteroids in the management of persistent asthma. Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of the effects associated with LAMA vs placebo or vs other controllers as an add-on therapy to inhaled corticosteroids and the use of a LAMA as add-on therapy to inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting β-agonists (LABAs; hereafter referred to as triple therapy) vs inhaled corticosteroids and LABA in patients with uncontrolled, persistent asthma...
March 19, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Maha Al-Faqawi, Yousef Abuowda, Alaa Eldeen Elmassry, Bettina Böttcher
BACKGROUND: The frequency and severity of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations are the most important determinants of prognosis in COPD. The aim of this study was to assess the management of patients presenting with COPD exacerbations at the Nasser Medical Complex in the Gaza Strip and to compare the management with the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease guidelines (GOLD 2015). METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of all patients admitted to Nasser Medical Complex and diagnosed with COPD exacerbation between Jan 1, 2014, and Dec 31, 2016...
February 21, 2018: Lancet
John R Hurst, Maria Dilleen, Kevin Morris, Siân Hills, Birol Emir, Rupert Jones
Purpose: Inappropriate use of an inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) for COPD has clinical and economic disadvantages. This retrospective analysis of The UK Health Improvement Network (THIN) database identified factors influencing treatment escalation (step-up) from a long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) to triple therapy (LAMA + long-acting β-agonist-ICS). Secondary objectives included time to step up from first LAMA prescription, Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) grouping (2011/2013, 2017), and Medical Research Council (MRC) grade prior to treatment escalation...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
C P Bianchi, M A Benavente, M Simonetti, M A Aba
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a protocol based on GnRH and PGF2α to synchronize the emergence of a new wave of ovarian follicular development in llamas and, therefore, when a new dominant follicle develops. Llamas (n = 18) were assigned to growing, mature or regressing follicle groups according to the phase of the follicular wave at the beginning of treatment. The protocol was initiated with a GnRH analogue (GnRHa) injection on Day 0 followed 7 days later with a d-cloprostenol injection and a second GnRHa injection on Day 10...
March 11, 2018: Animal Reproduction Science
Paloma Herbello-Hermelo, Juan Pablo Lamas, Marta Lores, Raquel Domínguez-González, Pilar Bermejo-Barrera, Antonio Moreda-Piñeiro
An in vitro dialyzability approach has been undertaken to elucidate the bioavailable fraction of the total polyphenols (TPs) of edible nuts and seeds. The TP contents in samples and in dialyzates were assessed by the Folin-Ciocalteu spectrophotometric method. Antioxidant activity was determined in selected samples, using a modified method against Trolox®. TPs and antioxidant activity in nuts/seeds were determined after applying a pressurized liquid extraction sample pre-treatment. High dialyzability ratios were assessed in most nuts/seeds (TP dialyzability percentages within the 25-91% range)...
July 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
Karina Jahnz-Różyk, Joanna Lis, Marta Warchoł, Aleksandra Kucharczyk
BACKGROUND: Allergic asthma is the most prevalent phenotype of severe asthma where treatment with omalizumab (OMB) has been proven to be particularly beneficial. In Poland, OMB therapy is available and reimbursed within a drug programme where strict inclusion and exclusion criteria are defined. The objective of this study was to present a descriptive analysis regarding the trends in outcomes (clinical, quality of life, costs) among a cohort of patients who satisfy inclusion criteria for the initiation of OMB treatment and who successfully responded to OMB according to a set of objective criteria...
March 16, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Hua Zhou, Abdul Mondal, Aleksandra Dakic, Lama Alhawas, Xuefeng Liu, Zhixu He
The roles of protection of telomeres 1 (POT1) in human ovarian cancer have not been fully elucidated. Here, we investigated the impact of POT1 knockdown (POT1-KD) on in vitro cell proliferation, tumorigenesis, and histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) response in human ovarian cancer-derived SK-OV3 cells. The POT1 gene was knocked down by infection with POT1 lenti-shRNA. POT1, c-Myc, and hTERT mRNA levels and relative telomere length were determined by qRT-PCR; POT1 protein levels were determined by western blot...
2018: BioMed Research International
Kun Hwang, Seong Kyung Yoo
The aim of this study was to analyze eyebrow shapes in portraits of Chinese empresses of Ming and Qing dynasties.The frontal portraits of 20 Ming empresses and 24 of Qing in which the eye and eyebrows were identifiable were measured and analyzed. The arch shape did not differ significantly (P > 0.05) between Ming and Qing. The head-up type (66.6%) was significantly more common (P < 0.001), than tail-up (13.6%), horizontal (13.6%), and arched (6.8%). The brow arches of Ming and Qing empresses were classified as 5 arch types: L (Lamas), A (Anastasia), H (Hwang), M (Empress Ma), and D (Empress Du)...
March 14, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Mario Malerba, Matteo Nardin, Giuseppe Santini, Nadia Mores, Alessandro Radaeli, Paolo Montuschi
Maintenance pharmacological treatment for stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is based on inhaled drugs, including long-acting muscarinic receptor antagonists (LAMA), long-acting β2 -adrenoceptor agonists (LABA) and inhaled corticosteroids (ICS). Inhaled pharmacological treatment can improve patients' daily symptoms and reduce decline of pulmonary function and acute exacerbation rate. Treatment with all three inhaled drug classes is reserved for selected, more severe, patients with COPD when symptoms are not sufficiently controlled by dual LABA/LAMA therapy and exacerbations are frequent...
January 2018: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
Carmen Gómez-Lama Cabanás, Garikoitz Legarda, David Ruano-Rosa, Paloma Pizarro-Tobías, Antonio Valverde-Corredor, José L Niqui, Juan C Triviño, Amalia Roca, Jesús Mercado-Blanco
The use of biological control agents (BCA), alone or in combination with other management measures, has gained attention over the past decades, driven by the need to seek for sustainable and eco-friendly alternatives to confront plant pathogens. The rhizosphere of olive ( Olea europaea L.) plants is a source of bacteria with potential as biocontrol tools against Verticillium wilt of olive (VWO) caused by Verticillium dahliae Kleb. A collection of bacterial isolates from healthy nursery-produced olive (cultivar Picual, susceptible to VWO) plants was generated based on morphological, biochemical and metabolic characteristics, chemical sensitivities, and on their in vitro antagonistic activity against several olive pathogens...
2018: Frontiers in Microbiology
Lei Liu, Yuanyuan Fu, Fang Zhu, Changkao Mu, Ronghua Li, Weiwei Song, Ce Shi, Yangfang Ye, Chunlin Wang
The swimming crab (Portunus trituberculatus) is among the most economically important seawater crustacean species in Asia. Despite its commercial importance and being well-studied status, genomic and transcriptomic data are scarce for this crab species. In the present study, limb bud tissue was collected at different developmental stages post amputation for transcriptomic analysis. Illumina RNA-sequencing was applied to characterise the limb regeneration transcriptome and identify the most characteristic genes...
March 7, 2018: Gene
P J Lamas-Ardisana, G Martínez-Paredes, L Añorga, H J Grande
This paper describes a new approach for the massive production of electrochemical paper-based analytical devices (ePADs). These devices are fully fabricated by screen-printing technology and consist of a lineal microfluidic channel delimited by hydrophobic walls (patterned with diluted ultraviolet screen-printing ink in chromatographic paper grade 4) and a three-electrode system (printed with carbon and/or Ag/AgCl conductive inks). The printing process was characterised and optimized for pattern each layer with only one squeeze sweep...
February 28, 2018: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
Javier R Lama, Audrey Brezak, James G Dobbins, Hugo Sanchez, Robinson Cabello, Jessica Rios, Carolyn Bain, Angela Ulrich, Robert De la Grecca, Jorge Sanchez, Ann Duerr
The Sabes study evaluates a treatment-as-prevention intervention in cis-gender men who have sex with men and transgender women in Lima, Peru, populations disproportionately affected by the HIV epidemic. The intervention is designed to prevent onward transmission of HIV by identifying HIV-negative, high-risk individuals, testing them monthly for the presence of HIV, and then rapidly treating those who become HIV positive. The main outcome of interest is the development of a model predicting the population-level impact of early detection of HIV infection and immediate initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) in this population From July 2013 to September 2015, 3,336 subjects were screened for HIV; 2,682 (80...
March 7, 2018: American Journal of Epidemiology
Gözde Hondur, Emre Göktaş, Lama Al-Aswad, Gülgün Tezel
Purpose: This pilot cross-sectional study aimed to determine age-related changes of the retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness in retinal periphery by swept-source optical coherence tomography-based analysis. Methods: Forty eyes of 40 healthy subjects were studied in three age groups, group 1 (20-40 years, n=15), group 2 (41-60 years, n=14), and group 3 (≥61 years, n=11). Wide-angle swept-source optical coherence tomography scans, including the optic disc and macula, were montaged with the nasal peripheral optical coherence tomography images acquired with a contralateral gaze...
2018: Clinical Ophthalmology
Amanda Sapp, José C Huguet-Tapia, Maximiliano Sánchez-Lamas, Giuliano T Antelo, Emiliano D Primo, Jimena Rinaldi, Sebastián Klinke, Fernando A Goldbaum, Hernán R Bonomi, Brent C Christner, Lisandro H Otero
Here, we report the draft genome sequence of Methylobacterium sp. strain V23, a bacterium isolated from accretion ice of the subglacial Lake Vostok (3,592 meters below the surface). This genome makes possible the study of ancient and psychrophilic genes and proteins from a subglacial environment isolated from the surface for at least 15 million years.
March 8, 2018: Genome Announcements
Rocío de Diego Cordero, Bárbara Badanta Romero, Filomena Adelaide de Matos, Emília Costa, Daniele Corcioli Mendes Espinha, Claudia de Souza Tomasso, Alessandra Lamas Granero Lucchetti, Giancarlo Lucchetti
AIMS: To compare the opinions and attitudes of Portuguese-speaking nursing students from Brazil and Portugal on the relationship between religiosity/spirituality and the ability to approach these issues with patients, in their undergraduate training and practice. BACKGROUND: Although there are studies investigating nursing students' opinions concerning religiosity and spirituality in clinical practice, few have investigated if there are cross-cultural differences between countries...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Susan Andrea Bartels, Saja Michael, Sophie Roupetz, Stephanie Garbern, Lama Kilzar, Harveen Bergquist, Nour Bakhache, Colleen Davison, Annie Bunting
Introduction: The Syrian conflict has resulted in over 2.3 million child refugees in the Middle East and the prevalence of early marriage has reportedly increased among displaced Syrian families. This study explores the underlying factors contributing to child marriage among Syrian refugees in Lebanon with the goal of informing community-based strategies to address the issue. Methods: In July-August 2016, trained interviewers collected self-interpreted stories in Lebanon using Cognitive Edge's SenseMaker, a mixed-method data collection tool...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Fatema Alzahraa Almohamad, Tareq Ahmad, Basel Ahmad, Khalid Hussain, Lama Hadid, Majdi Zein, Mohamad Ahmad
Iodine has always been connected to thyroid gland, and the fact that thyroid tissue traps, organificates and stores iodine more than other tissues is well known, hence the use of radioiodine as a diagnostic and therapeutic tool for thyroid disorders. However, false-positive cases do occur. We present a case of a 34-year-old patient who underwent total thyroidectomy for papillary carcinoma. Results of follow up TSH, thyroglobulin and thyroglobulin antibody tests after surgery lead to two rounds of radioactive iodine...
February 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
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