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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027989/inhibition-of-neddylation-by-mln4924-improves-neointimal-hyperplasia-and-promotes-apoptosis-of-vascular-smooth-muscle-cells-through-p53-and-p62
#1
Tang-Jun Ai, Jian-Yong Sun, Lin-Juan Du, Chaoji Shi, Chao Li, Xue-Nan Sun, Yan Liu, Lihui Li, Zhixiong Xia, Lijun Jia, Jianmiao Liu, Sheng-Zhong Duan
Targeting apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) represents an attractive approach to diminish the occurrence of restenosis. Neddylation is a highly conserved post-translational modification process and inhibition of neddylation has been shown to regulate apoptosis of other cells. However, the impacts of neddylation inhibition on VSMCs and neointimal hyperplasia have not been studied. In our present study, we have shown that MLN4924, a selective inhibitor of NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE), markedly inhibited neointimal hyperplasia and accumulation of VSMCs, whereas increased apoptosis in the vascular wall...
October 13, 2017: Cell Death and Differentiation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964913/functions-and-substrates-of-neddylation-during-cell-cycle-in-the-silkworm-bombyx-mori
#2
Zhiqing Li, Qixin Cui, Xiaoyan Wang, Bingqian Li, Dongchao Zhao, Qingyou Xia, Ping Zhao
NEDDylation, a post-translational modification mediated by the conjugation of the ubiquitin-like protein Nedd8 to specific substrates, is an essential biological process that regulates cell cycle progression in eukaryotes. Here, we report the conservation of NEDDylation machinery and NEDDylated proteins in the silkworm, Bombyx mori. We have identified all the components necessary for reversible NEDDylation in the silkworm including Nedd8, E1, E2, E3, and deNEDDylation enzymes. By the approach of RNAi-mediated gene silencing, it was shown that knockdown of BmNedd8 and the conjugating enzymes decreased the global level of NEDDylation, while knockdown of deNEDDylation enzymes increased the prevalence of this modification in cultured silkworm cells...
September 27, 2017: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926941/why-ubiquitin-has-not-evolved
#3
Douglas C Allan, James C Phillips
Ubiquitin, discovered less than 50 years ago, tags thousands of diseased proteins for destruction. It is small (only 76 amino acids), and is found unchanged in mammals, birds, fish, and even worms, indicating that ubiquitin is perfect. Key features of its functionality are identified here using critical point thermodynamic scaling theory. These include synchronized pivots and hinges, a stabilizing central pivot, and Fano interference between first- and second-order elements of correlated long-range (allosteric) globular surface shape transitions...
September 16, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923850/increasing-the-un-neddylated-cullin1-portion-rescues-the-csn-phenotypes-by-stabilizing-adaptor-modules-to-drive-scf-assembly
#4
Qingqing Liu, Yike Zhou, Ruiqi Tang, Xuehong Wang, Qiwen Hu, Ying Wang, Qun He
The dynamic SCF assembly is controlled by cycles of cullin neddylation/deneddylation based on the deneddylation activity of the COP9 signalosome (CSN) and global sequestration of cullins by CAND1. However, this prediction is hampered in recent studies, and the regulatory mechanism and key players remain to be identified. We found that, maintaining a proper Cul1(Nedd8)/Cul1 ratio is crucial to ensure SCF functions. Reducing the high Cul1(Nedd8)/Cul1 ratios in csn mutants through ectopic expression of the non-neddylatable Cul1(K722R) proteins or introducing the endogenous cul1(K722R) point mutation significantly rescues their defective phenotypes...
September 18, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898250/effects-of-proteasome-inhibitor-mg-132-on-the-parasite-schistosoma-mansoni
#5
Enyara R Morais, Katia C Oliveira, Renato G de Paula, Alice M M Ornelas, Érika B C Moreira, Fernanda Rafacho Badoco, Lizandra G Magalhães, Sergio Verjovski-Almeida, Vanderlei Rodrigues
Proteasome is a proteolytic complex responsible for intracellular protein turnover in eukaryotes, archaea and in some actinobacteria species. Previous work has demonstrated that in Schistosoma mansoni parasites, the proteasome inhibitor MG-132 affects parasite development. However, the molecular targets affected by MG-132 in S. mansoni are not entirely known. Here, we used expression microarrays to measure the genome-wide changes in gene expression of S. mansoni adult worms exposed in vitro to MG-132, followed by in silico functional analyses of the affected genes using Ingenuity Pathway Analysis (IPA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892104/synergistic-anti-aml-effects-of-the-lsd1-inhibitor-t-3775440-and-the-nedd8-activating-enzyme-inhibitor-pevonedistat-via-transdifferentiation-and-dna-rereplication
#6
Y Ishikawa, K Nakayama, M Morimoto, A Mizutani, A Nakayama, K Toyoshima, A Hayashi, S Takagi, R Dairiki, H Miyashita, S Matsumoto, K Gamo, T Nomura, K Nakamura
Lysine-specific demethylase 1A (LSD1, KDM1A) specifically demethylates di- and monomethylated histones H3K4 and K9, resulting in context-dependent transcriptional repression or activation. We previously identified an irreversible LSD1 inhibitor T-3775440, which exerts antileukemic activities in a subset of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cell lines by inducing cell transdifferentiation. The NEDD8-activating enzyme inhibitor pevonedistat (MLN4924, TAK-924) is an investigational drug with antiproliferative activities in AML, and is also reported to induce cell differentiation...
September 11, 2017: Oncogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871425/mir-33a-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-invasion-by-targeting-cand1-in-lung-cancer
#7
M Kang, Y Li, Y Zhao, S He, J Shi
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer continues to be one of the top five causes of cancer-related mortality. This study aims to identify down- and upregulated miRNAs and mRNA which can be used as potential biomarkers and/or therapeutic targets for lung cancer. METHODS: Integrated analysis of differential expression profiles of miRNA and mRNA in lung cancer was performed by searching Gene Expression Omnibus datasets. Based on miRNA expression profiles, direct mRNA targets of miRNAs with experimental support were identified through miRTarBase...
September 4, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838998/the-neddylation-inhibitor-pevonedistat-mln4924-suppresses-and-radiosensitizes-head-and-neck-squamous-carcinoma-cells-and-tumors
#8
Vanessa Vanderdys, Amir Allak, Fadila Guessous, Mouadh Benamar, Paul W Read, Mark J Jameson, Tarek Abbas
The cullin RING E3 ubiquitin ligase 4 (CRL4) with its substrate receptor CDT2 (CRL4-CDT2) is emerging as a critical regulator of DNA replication through targeting CDT1, SET8 and p21 for ubiquitin-dependent proteolysis. The aberrant increased stability of these proteins in cells with inactivated CRL4-CDT2 results in DNA rereplication, which is deleterious to cells due to the accumulation of replication intermediates and stalled replication forks. Here, we demonstrate that CDT2 is overexpressed in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and its depletion by siRNA inhibits the proliferation of human papilloma virus negative (HPV-ve) HNSCC cells primarily through the induction of rereplication...
August 24, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831681/neddylation-antagonizes-ubiquitination-of-proliferating-cell-nuclear-antigen-and-regulates-the-recruitment-of-polymerase-%C3%AE-in-response-to-oxidative-dna-damage
#9
Junhong Guan, Shuyu Yu, Xiaofeng Zheng
NEDDylation has been shown to participate in the DNA damage pathway, but the substrates of neural precursor cell expressed developmentally downregulated 8 (NEDD8) and the roles of NEDDylation involved in the DNA damage response (DDR) are largely unknown. Translesion synthesis (TLS) is a damage-tolerance mechanism, in which RAD18/RAD6-mediated monoubiquitinated proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) promotes recruitment of polymerase η (polη) to bypass lesions. Here we identify PCNA as a substrate of NEDD8, and show that E3 ligase RAD18-catalyzed PCNA NEDDylation antagonizes its ubiquitination...
August 22, 2017: Protein & Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734548/ubiquitin-like-modifications-in-the-dna-damage-response
#10
REVIEW
Zhifeng Wang, Wei-Guo Zhu, Xingzhi Xu
Genomic DNA is damaged at an extremely high frequency by both endogenous and environmental factors. An improper response to DNA damage can lead to genome instability, accelerate the aging process and ultimately cause various human diseases, including cancers and neurodegenerative disorders. The mechanisms that underlie the cellular DNA damage response (DDR) are complex and are regulated at many levels, including at the level of post-translational modification (PTM). Since the discovery of ubiquitin in 1975 and ubiquitylation as a form of PTM in the early 1980s, a number of ubiquitin-like modifiers (UBLs) have been identified, including small ubiquitin-like modifiers (SUMOs), neural precursor cell expressed, developmentally down-regulated 8 (NEDD8), interferon-stimulated gene 15 (ISG15), human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-F adjacent transcript 10 (FAT10), ubiquitin-fold modifier 1 (UFRM1), URM1 ubiquitin-related modifier-1 (URM1), autophagy-related protein 12 (ATG12), autophagy-related protein 8 (ATG8), fan ubiquitin-like protein 1 (FUB1) and histone mono-ubiquitylation 1 (HUB1)...
October 2017: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717191/mln4924-pevonedistat-a-protein-neddylation-inhibitor-suppresses-proliferation-and-migration-of-human-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#11
Shuai Tong, Yang Si, Hefen Yu, Lingqiang Zhang, Ping Xie, Wenguo Jiang
Neddylation is a post-translational protein modification associated with cancer development. MLN4924 is a neddylation inhibitor currently under investigation in multiple phase I studies on various malignancies, and its clincal name is Pevonedistat. It has been documented that MLN4924 blocks Cullins neddylation and inactivates CRLs and, in turn, triggers cell-cycle arrest, apoptosis, senescence and autophagy in many cancer cells. In this study, we investigated the anti-tumor effect of MLN4924 in human clear cell renal carcinoma (ccRCC)...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701396/effects-of-the-nedd8-activating-enzyme-inhibitor-mln4924-on-lytic-reactivation-of-kaposi-s-sarcoma-associated-herpesvirus
#12
Pey-Jium Chang, Lee-Wen Chen, Li-Yu Chen, Chien-Hui Hung, Ying-Ju Shih, Shie-Shan Wang
The switch of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) from latency to lytic replication is a key event for viral dissemination and pathogenesis. MLN4924, a novel neddylation inhibitor, reportedly causes the onset of KSHV reactivation but impairs later phases of the viral lytic program in infected cells. Thus far, the molecular mechanism involved in the modulation of the KSHV lytic cycle by MLN4924 is not yet fully understood. Here, we confirmed that treatment of different KSHV-infected primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) cell lines with MLN4924 substantially induces viral lytic protein expression...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669728/targeting-neddylation-pathway-with-mln4924-pevonedistat-induces-noxa-dependent-apoptosis-in-renal-cell-carcinoma
#13
Jiyou Wang, Shiwen Wang, Wenjuan Zhang, Xiaofang Wang, Xiaojun Liu, Liang Liu, Lihui Li, Yupei Liang, Jinha Yu, Lak Shin Jeong, Lijun Jia, Hu Zhao, Yanmei Zhang
Inhibition of protein neddylation pathway has emerged an attractive anticancer strategy in preclinical studies by using Nedd8-activating enzyme (NAE) inhibitor MLN4924 (Pevonedistat). Previous studies have reported the antitumor activity of MLN4924 mediated by its efficacy on apoptosis, autophagy and senescence. However, whether MLN4924 has any effect on renal carcinoma cells (RCC) remains unexplored. Here we reported that MLN4924 specifically inhibited protein neddylation pathway, leading to statistically significantly suppress the proliferation, survival and migration of RCC cells by inducing G2 cell-cycle arrest, followed by apoptosis in a MLN4924 dose-dependent manner...
September 2, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619822/cop9-signalosome-subunits-protect-capicua-from-mapk-dependent-and-independent-mechanisms-of-degradation
#14
Annabelle Suisse, DanQing He, Kevin Legent, Jessica E Treisman
The COP9 signalosome removes Nedd8 modifications from the Cullin subunits of ubiquitin ligase complexes, reducing their activity. Here, we show that mutations in the Drosophila COP9 signalosome subunit 1b (CSN1b) gene increase the activity of ubiquitin ligases that contain Cullin 1. Analysis of CSN1b mutant phenotypes revealed a requirement for the COP9 signalosome to prevent ectopic expression of Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) target genes. It does so by protecting Capicua, a transcriptional repressor of EGFR target genes, from EGFR pathway-dependent ubiquitylation by a Cullin 1/SKP1-related A/Archipelago E3 ligase and subsequent proteasomal degradation...
July 15, 2017: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592528/hdm2-promotes-neddylation-of-hepatitis-b-virus-hbx-to-enhance-its-stability-and-function
#15
Ningning Liu, Jinfang Zhang, Xiaohai Yang, Tong Jiao, Xin Zhao, Wenxia Li, Jianhua Zhu, Pu Yang, Jianping Jin, Jirun Peng, Zhiwei Li, Xin Ye
Hepatitis B virus (HBV)-encoded X protein (HBx) plays a critical role in HBV-related hepatocarcinoma development. In this study, we demonstrate that HBx is specifically modified by NEDD8. We found that E3 ligase HDM2 promotes NEDDylation of HBx to enhance HBx stability by preventing its ubiquitination-mediated degradation. Consistently, analysis of 160 hepatocellular carcinoma patient specimens indicated that the amount of HDM2 protein correlates with HBx protein level. We identified that HBx K91 and K95 as the key HBx NEDDylation sites and observed that the NEDDylation-deficient HBx has shorter half-life...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581483/blocking-an-n-terminal-acetylation-dependent-protein-interaction-inhibits-an-e3-ligase
#16
Daniel C Scott, Jared T Hammill, Jaeki Min, David Y Rhee, Michele Connelly, Vladislav O Sviderskiy, Deepak Bhasin, Yizhe Chen, Su-Sien Ong, Sergio C Chai, Asli N Goktug, Guochang Huang, Julie K Monda, Jonathan Low, Ho Shin Kim, Joao A Paulo, Joe R Cannon, Anang A Shelat, Taosheng Chen, Ian R Kelsall, Arno F Alpi, Vishwajeeth Pagala, Xusheng Wang, Junmin Peng, Bhuvanesh Singh, J Wade Harper, Brenda A Schulman, R Kip Guy
N-terminal acetylation is an abundant modification influencing protein functions. Because ∼80% of mammalian cytosolic proteins are N-terminally acetylated, this modification is potentially an untapped target for chemical control of their functions. Structural studies have revealed that, like lysine acetylation, N-terminal acetylation converts a positively charged amine into a hydrophobic handle that mediates protein interactions; hence, this modification may be a druggable target. We report the development of chemical probes targeting the N-terminal acetylation-dependent interaction between an E2 conjugating enzyme (UBE2M or UBC12) and DCN1 (DCUN1D1), a subunit of a multiprotein E3 ligase for the ubiquitin-like protein NEDD8...
August 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569775/promoting-tumorigenesis-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-nedd8-serves-as-a-potential-theranostic-target
#17
Ping Xie, Jun-Ping Yang, Yun Cao, Li-Xia Peng, Li-Sheng Zheng, Rui Sun, Dong-Fang Meng, Meng-Yao Wang, Yan Mei, Yuan-Yuan Qiang, Li Cao, Yan-Qun Xiang, Dong-Hua Luo, Jing-Ping Yun, Bi-Jun Huang, Li-Jun Jia, Chao-Nan Qian
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), is one of the most common human malignancies in south China, it has the highest recurrence rate and treatment resistance. The underlying molecular mechanisms of NPC relapse and treatment tolerance are not fully understood. In this study, the effects of NEDD8 and NEDD8-activating enzyme inhibitor (MLN4924) on NPC were studied both in vitro and in vivo. Immunohistochemical staining of 197 NPC tissues revealed an elevated NEDD8 expression as an unfavorable independent factor in overall survival and disease-free survival rates...
June 1, 2017: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536428/the-molecular-determinants-for-distinguishing-between-ubiquitin-and-nedd8-by-usp2
#18
Yung-Cheng Shin, Jou-Han Chen, Shih-Chung Chang
Ubiquitin (Ub) shares the highest sequence identity with neuronal-precursor-cell-expressed developmentally downregulated protein-8 (NEDD8) in the Ub-like protein family. However, different enzyme systems are precisely employed for targeting Ub and NEDD8 to specific substrates. The molecular determinants for distinguishing between Ub and NEDD8 by Ub-specific peptidases (USPs) remain poorly characterized. By replacing the non-conserved residues of Ub with their NEDD8 equivalents by mutagenesis, and vice versa, we observed that the Ub(4K), Ub(12E), and Ub(14E) mutants partially and the Ub(4K/12E/14E/72A) mutant completely prevented their hydrolysis by USP2...
May 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535453/inhibition-of-neddylation-modification-sensitizes-pancreatic-cancer-cells-to-gemcitabine
#19
Hua Li, Weihua Zhou, Lihui Li, Jianfu Wu, Xiaoli Liu, Lili Zhao, Lijun Jia, Yi Sun
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is the fourth leading cause of cancer death in the USA with a 5-year survival rate less than 3% to 5%. Gemcitabine remains as a standard care for PDAC patients. Although protein neddylation is abnormally activated in many human cancers, whether neddylation dysregulation is involved in PDAC and whether targeting neddylation would sensitize pancreatic cancer cells to gemcitabine remain elusive. Here we report that high expression of neddylation components, NEDD8 and NAE1, are associated with poor survival of PDAC patients...
June 2017: Neoplasia: An International Journal for Oncology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522566/nedd8-modification-of-cullin-5-regulates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-acute-lung-injury
#20
Ziyan Zhu, Lei Sun, Rui Hao, Hongchao Jiang, Feng Qian, Richard D Ye
Lung infections are major causes of acute lung injury (ALI), with limited effective treatment available. Tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) is an essential adaptor regulating Toll-like receptors (TLRs). We recently identified Cullin-5 (Cul-5) as a prominent component in the regulation of TRAF6 polyubiquitination, but its physiological significance in ALI has not been explored. In this study, we investigated the potential role of Cul-5 in regulating ALI using mice receiving intratracheal instillation of LPS...
July 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
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