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Claus Schwechheimer
The ubiquitin-related protein NEDD8 is conjugated and deconjugated to and from proteins in processes related to ubiquitin conjugation and deconjugation. Neddylation is a well-studied posttranslational modification of Cullin-RING E3 ligases (CRLs). Biochemical and structural studies aiming at understanding the role of NEDD8 in CRL function have now resulted in a convincing model of how neddylation and deneddylation antagonistically regulate CRL stability, conformation, activity as well as degradation substrate receptor exchange...
June 14, 2018: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
Gun-Woo Lee, Jun Bum Park, Sung Yeon Park, Jieun Seo, Seung-Hyun Shin, Jong-Wan Park, Sang Jung Kim, Masatoshi Watanabe, Yang-Sook Chun
Neddylation is a cellular process that covalently conjugates substrate proteins with the small ubiquitin-like molecule NEDD8. As neddylation is required for fast turnover of proteins in proliferating cancer cells, the neddylation process is currently regarded as a potential target for cancer therapy. However, little is known about the role of neddylation in cancer invasion and metastasis. Unexpectedly, we here found that the neddylation blockade stimulates migration of lung cancer and glioblastoma cells. Mechanistically, C-CBL acts as the E3 ligase for neddylation of the proto-oncogene c-Src...
June 13, 2018: Oncogene
Zhihui Che, Fuchen Liu, Wenli Zhang, Mary McGrath, Daisen Hou, Ping Chen, Chunhua Song, Dongqin Yang
Cullin-associated NEDD8-dissociated 1 (CAND1) plays a vital role in regulating the activity of Cullin-RING ubiquitin ligases (CRLs), which are frequently dysregulated in cancer. However, the role of CAND1 in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains unknown. Here, we found that CAND1 was overexpressed in HCC tissues compared to corresponding adjacent liver tissues (71.7% vs 16.7%); high expression of CAND1 was associated with poor overall survival (40.7 vs 57.3 months, P=0.0013); and CAND1 was an independent risk factor for the prognosis of HCC patients (N=138, P=0...
2018: American Journal of Translational Research
Jian Yu, Wei-Long Huang, Qing-Guo Xu, Ling Zhang, Shu-Han Sun, Wei-Ping Zhou, Fu Yang
Dysregulation of the neddylation pathway is related to various cancers. However, the specific role of the neddylation pathway in human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains largely unclear. In this study, the neddylation pathway in HCC and adjacent noncancerous liver (ANL) tissues was evaluated by immunohistochemistry (IHC), Western blotting, and qRT-PCR (quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction). The results showed that the entire neddylation pathway, including NEDD8 (the IHC staining of NEDD8 represents the global-protein neddylation), E1 NEDD8-activating enzymes (NAE1 and UBA3), E2 NEDD8-conjugating enzymes (UBE2F and UBE2M), E3 NEDD8-ligases (MDM2, RBX1 and RNF7), and deneddylation enzymes (COPS5, UCHL1 and USP21), was overactivated in HCC...
May 30, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Peng Lu, Yahui Guo, Lijuan Zhu, Yineng Xia, Yuejiao Zhong, Yubin Wang
NEDD8 activating enzyme (NAE) plays an important role in regulating intracellular proteins with key parts in a broad array of cellular functions. On the basis of previously work, a series of 2H-chromen-2-one based NAE inhibitors were designed and synthesized. Through enzyme-based and cell-based assays, LP0040 was identified as a non-nucleoside NAE/UAE dual inhibitor. It could inhibit NAE/UAE activities and downregulated degradations of related substrates in AGS cells, promoting apoptosis in low micromole concentrations...
May 21, 2018: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
A Craig Lockhart, Todd M Bauer, Charu Aggarwal, Carrie B Lee, R Donald Harvey, Roger B Cohen, Farhad Sedarati, Tsz Keung Nip, Hélène Faessel, Ajeeta B Dash, Bruce J Dezube, Douglas V Faller, Afshin Dowlati
Purpose This phase Ib study (NCT01862328) evaluated the maximum tolerated dose (MTD), safety, and efficacy of pevonedistat in combination with standard-of-care chemotherapies in patients with solid tumors. Methods Patients received pevonedistat with docetaxel (arm 1, n = 22), carboplatin plus paclitaxel (arm 2, n = 26), or gemcitabine (arm 3, n = 10) in 21-days (arms 1 and 2) or 28-days (arm 3) cycles. A lead-in cohort (arm 2a, n = 6) determined the arm 2 carboplatin dose. Dose escalation proceeded via continual modified reassessment...
May 21, 2018: Investigational New Drugs
Herman K Edskes, Maryam Mukhamedova, Bouke K Edskes, Reed B Wickner
[URE3] is an amyloid-based prion of Ure2p, a regulator of nitrogen catabolism. While most variants of the [URE3] prion are toxic, mild variants that only slightly slow growth are more widely studied. The existence of several anti-prion systems suggests that some components may be protecting cells from potential detrimental effects of mild [URE3] variants. Our extensive Hermes transposon mutagenesis showed that disruption of YLR352W dramatically slows growth of [URE3-1] strains. Ylr352wp is an F-box protein, directing selection of substrates for ubiquitination by a cullin-containing E-3 ligase...
May 16, 2018: Genetics
Bryan Kunkler, Daniel Salamango, Zachary J DeBruine, Caitlin Ploch, Shirley Dean, David Grossens, Michael P Hledin, Gabriel A Marquez, Julie Madden, Abigayle Schnell, Michael Short, Maria A Burnatowska-Hledin
Angiogenesis is essential for cancer metastasis, thus the discovery and characterization of molecules that inhibit this process is important. Thalidomide is a teratogenic drug which is known to inhibit angiogenesis and effectively inhibit cancer metastasis, yet the specific cellular targets for its effect are not well known. We discovered that CUL5 (previously identified as VACM-1), a scaffold protein in E3 ligase complexes, is involved in thalidomide-dependent inhibition of endothelial cell growth. Our results show that in human endothelial cells (HUVEC), thalidomide-dependent decrease in cell growth was associated with decreased nuclear localization of CUL5...
2018: PloS One
Marie K Schwinn, Trish Hoang, Xiaofeng Yang, Xiansi Zhao, Jingya Ma, Ping Li, Keith V Wood, William D Mallender, Michael E Bembenek, Zhong-Hua Yan
Neddylation is a posttranslational modification that regulates protein stability, activity, and subcellular localization. Here, we describe a new tool for exploring the neddylation cycle of cullin1 (Cul1) directly in a cellular context. This assay utilizes the NanoLuc® Binary Technology (NanoBiT) to monitor the covalent neddylation status of Cul1. A stable clonal cell line derived from HEK293 was developed that expressed a C-terminus LgBiT tagged-Cul1 and N-terminus SmBiT tagged-Nedd8. Using this cell line, we screened inhibitors that are known to disrupt Nedd8 biology and demonstrated that both inhibitors of Nedd8-activating enzyme (NAE) and Constitutive photomorphogenesis 9 signalosome (CSN) complex produce concentration and time dependent signal decreases and increases, respectively...
May 5, 2018: Analytical Biochemistry
Peng Li, Jian Xu, Hong-Mei Rao, Xia Li, Yun-Ke Zhang, Fei Jiang, Wen-Xue Wu
MGA_0676 has been characterized as a Mycoplasma gallisepticum nuclease that can induce apoptosis of chicken cells. However, the mechanism by which MGA_0676 induces apoptosis has remained unclear. In this study, we evaluated MGA_0676-induced apoptosis and internalization in immortalized chicken embryo fibroblasts (DF-1) and cancer cell lines. The internalization of MGA_0676 was proven through caveolin-mediated endocytosis by blocking the endocytosis with specific inhibitors or with siRNA. We identified the Thif domain of NEDD8-activating enzyme E1 regulatory subunit (NAE) in DF-1 as the target region interacting with the SNC domain of MGA_0676...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Jared T Hammill, Daniel C Scott, Jaeki Min, Michele C Connelly, Gloria Holbrook, Fangyi Zhu, Amy Matheny, Lei Yang, Bhuvanesh Singh, Brenda A Schulman, R Kiplin Guy
We previously discovered and validated a class of piperidinyl ureas that regulate defective in cullin neddylation 1 (DCN1)-dependent neddylation of cullins. Here, we report preliminary structure-activity relationship studies aimed at advancing our high-throughput screen hit into a tractable tool compound for dissecting the effects of acute DCN1-UBE2M inhibition on the NEDD8/cullin pathway. Structure-enabled optimization led to a 100-fold increase in biochemical potency and modestly increased solubility and permeability as compared to our initial hit...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Jared T Hammill, Deepak Bhasin, Daniel C Scott, Jaeki Min, Yizhe Chen, Yan Lu, Lei Yang, Ho Shin Kim, Michele C Connelly, Courtney Hammill, Gloria Holbrook, Cynthia Jeffries, Bhuvanesh Singh, Brenda A Schulman, R Kiplin Guy
We previously reported the discovery, validation, and structure-activity relationships of a series of piperidinyl ureas that potently inhibit the DCN1-UBE2M interaction. We demonstrated that compound 7 inhibits both the DCN1-UBE2M protein-protein interaction and DCN1-mediated cullin neddylation in biochemical assays and reduces levels of steady-state cullin neddylation in a squamous carcinoma cell line harboring DCN1 amplification. Although compound 7 exhibits good solubility and permeability, it is rapidly metabolized in microsomal models (CLint = 170 mL/min/kg)...
April 12, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Dapeng Chen, Fabio Gomes, Dulith Abeykoon, Betsegaw Lemma, Yan Wang, David Fushman, Catherine Fenselau
Post-translational modifications by the covalent attachment of Rub1 (NEDD8), ubiquitin, SUMO, and other small signaling proteins have profound impacts on the functions and fates of cellular proteins. Investigations of the relationship of these bioactive structures and their functions are limited by analytical methods that are scarce and tedious. A novel strategy is reported here for the analysis of branched proteins by top-down mass spectrometry and illustrated by application to four recombinant proteins and one synthetic peptide modified by covalent bonds with ubiquitin or Rub1...
March 20, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
Xing Liu, Justin M Reitsma, Jennifer L Mamrosh, Yaru Zhang, Ronny Straube, Raymond J Deshaies
Skp1⋅Cul1⋅F-box (SCF) ubiquitin ligase assembly is regulated by the interplay of substrate binding, reversible Nedd8 conjugation on Cul1, and the F-box protein (FBP) exchange factors Cand1 and Cand2. Detailed investigations into SCF assembly and function in reconstituted systems and Cand1/2 knockout cells informed the development of a mathematical model for how dynamical assembly of SCF complexes is controlled and how this cycle is coupled to degradation of an SCF substrate. Simulations predicted an unanticipated hypersensitivity of Cand1/2-deficient cells to FBP expression levels, which was experimentally validated...
March 1, 2018: Molecular Cell
Shuhua Zheng, Gilles M Leclerc, Bin Li, Ronan T Swords, Julio C Barredo
De novo and acquired drug resistance and subsequent relapse remain major challenges in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). We previously identified that pevonedistat (TAK-924, MLN4924), a first-in-class inhibitor of NEDD8 activating enzyme (NAE), elicits ER stress and has potent in vitro and in vivo efficacy against ALL. However, in pevonedistat-treated ALL cell lines, we found consistent activation of the pro-survival MEK/ERK pathway, which has been associated with relapse and poor outcome in ALL. We uncovered that inhibition of the MEK/ERK pathway in vitro and in vivo sensitized ALL cells to pevonedistat...
January 19, 2018: Oncotarget
Haibin Zhou, Weihua Zhou, Bing Zhou, Liu Liu, Ting-Rong Chern, Krishnapriya Chinnaswamy, Jianfeng Lu, Denzil Bernard, Chao-Yie Yang, Shasha Li, Mi Wang, Jeanne Stuckey, Yi Sun, Shaomeng Wang
The Cullin-RING ligases (CRLs) regulate the turnover of approximately 20% of the proteins in mammalian cells and are emerging therapeutic targets in human diseases. The activation of CRLs requires the neddylation of their cullin subunit, which is controlled by an activation complex consisting of Cullin-RBX1-UBC12-NEDD8-DCN1. Herein, we describe the design, synthesis, and evaluation of peptidomimetics targeting the DCN1-UBC12 protein-protein interaction. Starting from a 12-residue UBC12 peptide, we have successfully obtained a series of peptidomimetic compounds that bind to DCN1 protein with KD values of <10 nM...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
Wei Zhong, Lianzhi Dai, Jing Liu, Song Zhou
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is characterized by delayed diagnosis and poor survival rate. Research efforts have focused on novel diagnostic technologies for this type of cancer. Transcriptomic microarray technology is a useful research strategy for investigating the molecular properties of CCA. The objective of the present study was to identify candidate biomarkers with high potential for clinical application in CCA using a meta‑analysis‑based approach. Gene expression profiles of CCA were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database for integrated analysis...
April 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Shan Lin, Zhaoyang Shang, Shuo Li, Peng Gao, Yi Zhang, Shuaiheng Hou, Peng Qin, Ziming Dong, Tao Hu, Ping Chen
Inhibiting the protein neddylation pathway using the NEDD8-activating enzyme inhibitor MLN4924 represents an attractive anticancer strategy having been demonstrated to exhibit promising anticancer efficacy and with tolerable levels of toxicity; however, the mechanism by which MLN4924 inhibits cell proliferation in human esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) cells requires further investigation. The present study revealed that MLN4924 treatment led to G2 cell cycle arrest and enhanced the protein stability of Wee1-like protein kinase and cyclin dependent protein kinase inhibitor 1A and B and p27...
February 2018: Oncology Letters
Qiang Xu, Guibin Lin, Huizhe Xu, Lulu Hu, Yupeng Wang, Sha Du, Wuguo Deng, Wenxian Hu, Wei Cheng, Ke Jiang
Acquired resistance to first-line chemotherapeutics, including paclitaxel (PTX), is a primary factor contributing to chemotherapy failure in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. Previous studies have identified that targeting NEDD8-activating enzyme (NAE) with MLN4924 effectively overcomes platinum resistance in preclinical models of ovarian cancer. However, the underlying mechanisms are yet to be fully elucidated. The present study demonstrates that the inhibition of the neddylation pathway with MLN4924 an NAE inhibitor inhibited protein neddylation, inactivated cullin-RING E3 ligase and exhibited a potent antiproliferative effect on PTX-resistant A549 and H460 cells (A549/PTX and H460/PTX)...
January 2018: Oncology Letters
Kohtaro Nakashima, Seiji Takeuchi, Shintaro Iwama, Atsushi Kiyota, Yoshinori Yasuda, Naoko Iwata, Atsushi Enomoto, Hiroshi Arima, Yoshihisa Sugimura
The molecular mechanism involved in the exocytosis of arginine vasopressin (AVP) is not fully known. Rabphilin-3A has been suggested as a novel autoantigen in infundibulo-neurohypophysitis (LINH), which leads to central diabetes insipidus through insufficient secretion of AVP. However, the role of rabphilin-3A in the pathogenesis of LINH remains unclear. Thus, the aim of the present study was to identify proteins binding rabphilin-3A in the posterior pituitary. Using glutathione S-transferase (GST)-pulldown assays and proteomic analyses, cullin-associated NEDD8-dissociated protein 1 (CAND1) was identified as a rabphilin-3A-binding protein in the posterior pituitary...
January 23, 2018: Endocrine Journal
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