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Traditional medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829812/use-of-traditional-eye-medicine-and-self-medication-in-rural-india-a-population-based-study
#1
Noopur Gupta, Praveen Vashist, Radhika Tandon, Sanjeev K Gupta, Mani Kalaivani, S N Dwivedi
OBJECTIVE: To determine the type and nature of traditional eye medicine (TEM), their sources and use and practices related to self-medication for ophthalmic diseases in a rural Indian population. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in 25 randomly selected clusters of Rural Gurgaon, Haryana, India as part of CORE (Cornea Opacity Rural Epidemiological) study. In addition to comprehensive ophthalmic examination, health-seeking behavior and use of self-medication and TEM was assessed in the adult population using a semi-structured questionnaire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829786/tramesan-a-novel-polysaccharide-from-trametes-versicolor-structural-characterization-and-biological-effects
#2
Marzia Scarpari, Massimo Reverberi, Alessia Parroni, Valeria Scala, Corrado Fanelli, Chiara Pietricola, Slaven Zjalic, Vittoria Maresca, Agostino Tafuri, Maria R Ricciardi, Roberto Licchetta, Simone Mirabilii, Aris Sveronis, Paola Cescutti, Roberto Rizzo
Mushrooms represent a formidable source of bioactive compounds. Some of these may be considered as biological response modifiers; these include compounds with a specific biological function: antibiotics (e.g. plectasin), immune system stimulator (e,g, lentinan), antitumor agents (e.g. krestin, PSK) and hypolipidemic agents (e.g. lovastatin) inter alia. In this study, we focused on the Chinese medicinal mushroom "yun zhi", Trametes versicolor, traditionally used for (cit.) "replenish essence and qi (vital energy)"...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829348/nutritional-comparison-of-white-and-red-coccinia-abyssinica-lam-cong-accessions-an-under-utilised-edible-tuber-of-the-ethiopian-highlands
#3
Aditya Parmar, Bilatu Agza Gebre, Addisu Legesse, Yoseph Demelash, Kirsten Fladung, Oliver Hensel
Anchote (Coccinia abyssinica) is an indigenous tuber crop of the Ethiopian Highlands. It is popular in the western Oromia Region of the country. Apart from food, the crop is also used in traditional medicine. Anchote tubers possess two variations in its tissue colour, red and white. In this study, a small market survey and a nutritional comparison of red and white anchote were conducted. White tissue anchote seems to be more popular, due to its soft texture and ease of cooking. However, the red variant was considered for flour making (by dehydration), for use in porridge and soups for various medicinal and supplementary food applications...
August 22, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829268/now-is-the-time-for-a-postracial-medicine-biomedical-research-the-national-institutes-of-health-and-the-perpetuation-of-scientific-racism
#4
Javier Perez-Rodriguez, Alejandro de la Fuente
The consideration of racial differences in the biology of disease and treatment options is a hallmark of modern medicine. However, this time-honored medical tradition has no scientific basis, and the premise itself, that is, the existence of biological differences between the commonly known races, is false inasmuch as races are only sociocultural constructions. It is time to rid medical research of the highly damaging exercise of searching for supposed racial differences in the biological manifestations of disease...
September 2017: American Journal of Bioethics: AJOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829170/advanced-mri-techniques-of-the-shoulder-joint-current-applications-in-clinical-practice
#5
Christopher J Gottsegen, Alexander N Merkle, Jenny T Bencardino, Soterios Gyftopoulos
OBJECTIVE: We are fortunate to live in a time when real advances in medicine are happening at an increasingly rapid pace. This is especially true in the field of radiology, and keeping abreast of these advances is one of the main challenges of clinical practice. Traditionally, cutting edge techniques in our field have been researched and validated at major academic medical centers before slowly making their way into the armamentarium of routine clinical practice. However, the improved ability to communicate and disseminate information in our modern age has facilitated more rapid implementation of new techniques to allow us to better serve our patients...
September 2017: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829155/efficacy-and-safety-of-ashwagandha-root-extract-in-subclinical-hypothyroid-patients-a-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#6
Ashok Kumar Sharma, Indraneel Basu, Siddarth Singh
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism, a thyroid disorder without obvious symptoms of thyroid deficiency, occurs in 3%-8% of the global population. Ashwagandha [Withania somnifera (L.) Dunal], a traditional medicine in Ayurveda, is often prescribed for thyroid dysfunctions. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of ashwagandha root extract in subclinical hypothyroid patients. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A prospective, randomized, double-blind, single-center placebo-controlled study was performed at Sudbhawana Hospital, Varanasi, India between May 2016 and September 2016...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828992/cyclopentenyl-fatty-acids-history-biological-activity-and-synthesis
#7
Hadia Almahli
This review discusses the substantial cyclopentenyl fatty acid class of naturally occurring lipids. These compounds are historically important and have recently been shown to exhibit remarkable biological activity relevant to producing new antibiotic agents. Information about the history of cyclopentenyl fatty acids, their use in traditional and modern medicine, as well as biological activity, and methods for their synthesis are given.
August 21, 2017: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828985/danshen-salvia-miltiorrhiza-bunge-a-prospective-healing-sage-for-cardiovascular-diseases
#8
Wei Chen, Guoxun Chen
Danshen (Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge) is a valued herbal plant in the Traditional Chinese Medicine. The dried root of this plant (Radix Salvia miltiorrhiza), either alone or in combination with other herbal ingredients, has been used for hundreds of years to treat numerous ailments, especially cardiovascular diseases. For the past several decades, many studies have tried to delineate the putative cardioprotective effects of this folk medicine through the lens of modern scientific research. In this review, we have summarized the current knowledge about the pharmacological potentials of danshen...
August 21, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828984/the-efficacy-and-potential-mechanisms-of-chinese-herbal-medicine-on-irritable-bowel-syndrome
#9
Zijuan Bi, Yu Zheng, Jianye Yuan, Zhaoxiang Bian
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is one of the most common functional bowel disorders (FBD), which is characterized by recurrent abdominal pain, abdominal bloating/distention associated with defecation or changed bowel habits. Currently, there is no evidence of obvious anatomic or physiologic abnormalities on the routine diagnostic examinations. There are multiple pathological factors involved in IBS responsible for its heterogeneous nature, although the exact etiology and pathology of IBS are not well known and it is disappointed to develop biomarkers for this disorder...
August 21, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828880/critical-reflections-on-a-visit-to-an-inner-city-primary-health-care-clinic-in-rio-de-janeiro
#10
Louis S Jenkins, Marcos A Goldraich
INTRODUCTION: Brazil and South Africa share many sociodemographic and health features that provide many learning opportunities. Brazil's national health system, the Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) prioritises primary health care since 1994, the year democracy came to South Africa. Two family physicians from these countries met in Rocinha favela in Rio de Janeiro, a densely populated area where poverty, danger, drugs, tuberculosis and mental illness are the focus of the health system.Maria do Socorro Family Clinic: Central to the SUS are the Family Health Teams, consisting of community health workers, nurses, doctors and allied health workers...
July 27, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828513/-postmortem-imaging-procedures-experiences-and-perspectives
#11
REVIEW
S von Stillfried, P Isfort, R Knüchel-Clarke
Autopsies are of key importance for the understanding of the anatomy, pathophysiology and pathomorphology. In forensic medicine, the virtual autopsy is a standard instrument in autopsy practice. The advantage of postmortem imaging is the generation of a three-dimensional pre-autopsy snapshot of the body from head to toe with excellent visualization of skeletal pathologies and air inclusions. When angiography is performed, pathologies of the cardiovascular system can additionally be evaluated. The shortcomings of postmortem imaging are the low soft tissue contrast with CT imaging, the lack of haptic, olfactory and color impressions...
August 21, 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827992/anti-aging-activities-of-extracts-from-tunisian-medicinal-halophytes-and-their-aromatic-constituents
#12
A Jdey, H Falleh, S Ben Jannet, K Mkadmini Hammi, X Dauvergne, C Magné, R Ksouri
Six medicinal halophytes widely represented in North Africa and commonly used in traditional medicine were screened for pharmacological properties to set out new promising sources of natural ingredients for cosmetic or nutraceutical applications. Thus, Citrullus colocynthis, Cleome arabica, Daemia cordata, Haloxylon articulatum, Pituranthos scoparius and Scorzonera undulata were examined for their in vitro antioxidant (DPPH scavenging and superoxide anion-scavenging, β-carotene bleaching inhibition and iron-reducing tests), antibacterial (microdilution method, against four human pathogenic bacteria) and anti-tyrosinase activities...
2017: EXCLI journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827963/investigation-of-effect-of-1-8-cineole-on-antimicrobial-activity-of-chlorhexidine-gluconate
#13
Merih Şimşek, Reşat Duman
BACKGROUND: Chlorhexidine belongs to a group of medicines called antiseptic antibacterial agents. Chlorhexidine is commonly used for the care and clean off the skin, hands, and wounds. In recent years, medicinal and aromatic plants have been used for prevention of disease, maintaining health, and improving disease in traditional and modern medicine as a medicament. According to recent research, cineole is the isolated active agent of eucalyptus oil and possesses antimicrobial activity...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827962/high-performance-thin-layer-chromatography-densitometry-method-for-determination-of-rubraxanthone-in-the-stem-bark-extract-of-garcinia-cowa-roxb
#14
Dachriyanus Hamidi, Hilyatul Aulia, Meri Susanti
CONTEXT: Garcinia cowa is a medicinal plant widely grown in Southeast Asia and tropical countries. Various parts of this plant have been used in traditional folk medicine. The bark, latex, and root have been used as an antipyretic agent, while fruit and leaves have been used as an expectorant, for indigestion and improvement of blood circulation. AIMS: This study aims to determine the concentration of rubraxanthone found in ethyl acetate extract of the stem bark of G...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827961/uncaria-tomentosa-willd-ex-schult-dc-rubiaceae-sensitizes-thp-1-cells-to-radiation-induced-cell-death
#15
Lisa Allen, Alison Buckner, Carly A Buckner, Pablo Cano, Robert M Lafrenie
BACKGROUND: Uncaria tomentosa (Willd. ex Schult.) DC (Rubiaceae), known as Cat's Claw or Uña de gato, is a traditionally used medicinal plant native to Peru. Some studies have shown that U. tomentosa can act as an antiapoptotic agent and enhance DNA repair in chemotherapy-treated cells although others have shown that U. tomentosa enhanced apoptosis. OBJECTIVE: To determine if treatment with U. tomentosa can significantly enhance cell death in THP-1 cells exposed to ionizing radiation...
July 2017: Pharmacognosy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827527/bioactivity-guided-fractionation-of-pine-needle-reveals-catechin-as-an-anti-hypertension-agent-via-inhibiting-angiotensin-converting-enzyme
#16
Jian He
Hypertension has been recognized as one of the highest risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Anti-hypertension agent screening and development has been recognized as a pharmaceutical therapy approach for the cardiovascular diseases treatment. Many kinds of traditional Chinese medicines, such as pine needle, have been used for the treatment of hypertension for a long time, but the bioactive ingredients which responsible for their therapeutic effectiveness are remain unclear. Therefore, screening bioactive chemicals in natural sources is still the most straightforward strategy for novel Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi)-based anti-hypertension agents discovery...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826891/traditional-uses-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-toxicology-of-the-genus-cimicifuga-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Yaqing Guo, Tong Yin, Xiaoming Wang, Fan Zhang, Guixiang Pan, Hong Lv, Xianrui Wang, John Owoicho Orgah, Yan Zhu, Honghua Wu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plants of the genus Cimicifuga have long been used as an ethnomedicine in China, Europe, and North America for its high medicinal value and health benefits. Their dried rhizomes are widely used for treating wind-heat headache, toothache, aphtha, sore throat, measles, spot poison, archoptosis, and uterine prolapse. In addition, it is used as a dietary supplement for preventing women menopausal symptoms and osteoporosis. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This paper aims to provide up-to-date information on the genus Cimicifuga, including botanical characterization, medicinal resources, traditional medicinal uses, phytochemistry, quality control, pharmacological research as well as the toxicology...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826870/in-vivo-efficiency-of-the-collagen-coated-nanofibrous-scaffold-and-their-effect-on-growth-factors-and-pro-inflammatory-cytokines-in-wound-healing
#18
Giriprasath Ramanathan, Thangavelu Muthukumar, Uma Tirichurapalli Sivagnanam
Exploring the importance of nanofibrous scaffold with traditionally important medicine as a wound dressing material prevents infection and aids in faster healing of wounds. In the present study, the Collagen (COL) from the marine fish skin was extracted and employed for coating the Poly(3-hydroxybutyric acid) (P)-Gelatin (G) nanofibrous scaffold with a bioactive Coccinia grandis extract (CPE) fabricated through electrospinning. Further, the fabricated collagen coated nanofibrous scaffold (PG-CPE-COL) applied to the experimental wound of rats and the wound healing was analyzed with by physiochemical and biological techniques...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826254/allium-schoenoprasum-l-a-review-of-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-future-directions
#19
Varinder Singh, Gargi Chauhan, Pawan Krishan, Richa Shri
Allium schoenoprasum L. (family Amaryllidaceae), commonly known as chives has great culinary value besides being used as ethnomedicine. This review emphasises on phytochemistry and pharmacological activities of A. schoenoprasum, and discusses the future opportunities for systematic investigations. Scientific evaluation of chives validates its traditional claims and demonstrates diverse pharmacological potential including an anti-inflammatory, anticancer, antioxidant, anthelmintic and antihypertensive. Though phytochemical studies revealed the presence of sulphur and phenolic compounds, flavonoids, saponin and steroidal glycosides yet methodical research to identify bioactive compounds is required...
August 22, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823049/exploring-the-challenges-for-clinical-pharmacists-in-sudan
#20
Hwaida Elsadig, Marjorie Weiss, Jenny Scott, Raisa Laaksonen
Background Clinical pharmacy practice in hospitals is a new role for pharmacists in Sudan. Pharmacists have to face the challenge of moving from their traditional roles within the pharmacy premises to new roles on the wards with direct contact with patients and other healthcare professionals. Objectives To explore the role and challenges facing the clinical pharmacists of Sudan. Settings Two of the main government hospitals in Sudan and an online survey. Method This study applied a two phase mixed method, a focus group discussion and a survey...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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