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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232753/solvent-extraction-and-gc-ms-analysis-of-sesame-seeds-for-determination-of-bioactive-antioxidant-fatty-acid-fatty-oil-components
#1
Abdul Qadir, Athar Ali, Muhammad Arif, Abdulmohsen H Al-Rohaimi, Satya Prakash Singh, Usama Ahmad, Mohd Khalid, Arun Kumar
The seed kernels of Sesamum indicum L. (family: Pedaliaceae) were extracted with ethanol and yield of components determined by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry (GC/MS). The free radical scavenging activities of ethanolic extract against1, 1-Diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) were determined by UV spectrophotometer at 517 nm. Phytochemical screening revealed the presence of numerous bioactive compounds including steroids, phenolic, terpenoids, fatty acids and different types of ester compounds. The ethanolic extract was purified and analyzed by GC MS...
December 12, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231878/greek-medicine-practice-at-ancient-rome-the-physician-molecularist-asclepiades
#2
Luigi Santacroce, Lucrezia Bottalico, Ioannis Alexandros Charitos
Background: In the pre-Hellenistic period, the concept of medicine was not well-defined. Usually, a disease was considered as a divine punishment and its treatment was devolved to the priests who asked for healing from the divinities. The only job that could be compared to medical practice was a kind of itinerant medicine, derived from the Egyptian therapeutic tradition based only on practical experience and performed by people that knew a number of remedies, mostly vegetable, but without any theoretical bases about the possible mechanisms of action...
December 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231620/-briefs-of-japanese-acupuncture-moxibustion-works-of-chinese-translation-version-in-modern-times
#3
Kechen Liu, Shujian Zhang
The authors collected 25 Japanese acupuncture-moxibustion works of Chinese translation version in modern times (1912-1960) and investigated them from 3 aspects, named the study on the mechanisms of acupuncture and moxibustion, the explanation of basic theory and clinical treatment with acupuncture and moxibustion. Generally speaking, Japanese acupuncture-moxibustion works of Chinese translation version explained the mechanisms of acupuncture and moxibustion in terms of the theory of western medicine rather than traditional one...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231555/-brief-discussion-on-shidong-diseases-and-suosheng-diseases-in-miraculous-pivot-and-reference-to-differentiate-them
#4
Bingyan Cao
According to Miraculous Pivot:meridian, the indications of twelve meridians were divided into two parts, the "shidong" diseases and "suosheng" diseases. Traditional Chinese medicine practitioners of later generation provided several assumptions to differentiate them, but a general conclusion was still not drawn. In this paper, the opinions of previous researches were summarized; based on this, the viewpoints of each opinion were reviewed, and the authors' opinion on method to differentiate "shidong" diseases and "suosheng" disease was proposed...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231538/-establishing-the-acupuncture-moxibustion-clinical-trial-registry-and-improving-the-transparence-of-clinical-trials-of-acupuncture-and-moxibustion
#5
Yali Liu, Liyun He, Jia Liu, Xingyue Yang, Dongning Yan, Xin Wang, Lin Luo, Hongjiao Li, Shiyan Yan, Tiancai Wen, Wenjing Bai, Taixiang Wu, Baoyan Liu
As a kind of intervention measures of traditional Chinese medicine, acupuncture-moxibustion is highly adopted on global clinical practice. Even though the global clinical trial registration system was established more than 10 years ago, the proportion of acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trial registration is still very low; and it is very problematic on the methodological quality and report quality in the published acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials. In order to manage particularly the acupuncture-moxibustion clinical trials, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, collaborated with China Association of Acupuncture and Moxibustion and World Federation of Acupuncture Societies, established the Acupuncture-Moxibustion Clinical Trail Registry (AMCTR)...
July 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231512/-discussion-on-dry-needling-being-part-of-acupuncture
#6
Zengfu Peng, Nenggui Xu, Zhaoxiang Bian, Canhui Li, Weidong Lu, Tao Huang, Shaobai Wang
We think that all the methods of puncturing into the skin to prevent and treat diseases are belong to acupuncture science. In spite of its basic theory of meridian and acupoint, anatomy and physiology have been important parts of modern acupuncture science. "Dry needling", however, is limited to trigger point theory. As for the positions, acupuncture is applied mainly at acupoints, involving in skin, muscles, tendons, vessels and nerves; while "dry needling" is used mostly at muscles. The needles of acupuncture are in various lengths and diameters and its manipulations are abundant, including the traditional skills and the achievements of modern science and technology research, such as electroacupuncture...
June 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231441/-current-development-of-acupuncture-moxibustion-in-india-a-case-study-of-west-bengal
#7
Yuyang Yang, Jingyuan Liu, Lu Luo
Acupuncture-moxibustion was introduced to India in mid-20th century and has been legislated in two provinces in India where the registration of acupuncture practitioners is implemented at present. In India, the central government recognizes that acupuncture-moxibustion is an approach of treatment and is permitted by the licensed doctor. Because of the weakness of the basic development of acupuncture-moxibustion in India, the go-vernment put great effort to support and protect their national traditional medicine...
March 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231257/halofuginone-induced-autophagy-suppresses-the-migration-and-invasion-of-mcf-7-cells-via-regulation-of-stmn1-and-p53
#8
Xiaojing Xia, Lei Wang, Xiaojian Zhang, Shan Wang, Lianchen Lei, Likun Cheng, Yanzhao Xu, Yawei Sun, Bolin Hang, GaiPing Zhang, YueYu Bai, JianHe Hu
Traditional Chinese medicines have been recognized as especially promising anticancer agents in modern anticancer research. Halofuginone (HF), an analog of quinazolinone alkaloid extracted from Dichroa febrifuga, is widely used in traditional medicine. However, whether HF inhibits the growth of breast cancer cells and/or reduces the migration and invasion of MCF-7 human breast cancer cells, as well as the underlying mechanisms in vitro, remains unclear. In this study, we report that an HF extract inhibits the growth of MCF-7 cells and reduces their migration and invasion, an important feature of potential anticancer agents...
December 12, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229570/medicinal-plants-used-for-hypertension-treatment-by-folk-healers-in-songkhla-province-thailand
#9
Oratai Neamsuvan, Panadda Komonhiran, Kamonvadee Boonming
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hypertension is the most dominant risk factor for the development of cardiovascular, kidney, and eye diseases. In Thailand, illness and hospitalisation in the modern public health system due to high blood pressure is increasing. However, some Thai people have turned their attention to the use of herbal medicines for healthcare. Therefore, this study aimed (1) to study the folk knowledge of hypertension treatment and (2) to study plant utilisation in the treatment of high blood pressure by Songkhla folk healers...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228955/high-efficiency-generation-of-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-from-human-foreskin-fibroblast-cells-using-the-sagunja-tang-herbal-formula
#10
Ki Mo Kim, Deok Rim Heo, Joo Young Lee, Chang-Seob Seo, Sun-Ku Chung
BACKGROUND: Sagunja-Tang (SGT-4) is a traditional herbal formula in Korean medicine that is used to treat anti-metabolic syndrome, and has antioxidant activity. In this study, we evaluated the effects of SGT-4 on the formation efficiency of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) from human foreskin fibroblasts (HFFs) by four reprogramming transcription factors: Oct4, Sox2, KIf4, and c-Myc (OSKM). METHODS: SGT-4 contained four different herbal medicines that are composed of Ginseng Radix, Glycyrrhizae Radix et Rhizoma, Atractylodis Rhizoma Alba, and Poria Sclerotium...
December 11, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228790/an-evidence-based-study-on-medicinal-plants-for-hemorrhoids-in-medieval-persia
#11
Mohammad Hashem Hashempur, Fatemeh Khademi, Maryam Rahmanifard, Mohammad M Zarshenas
Hemorrhoids is one of the most common gastrointestinal diseases. There are several therapeutic options associated with some complications. Therefore, researchers look for traditional medicines as a potential resource for introduction of new natural drugs. The current study reports an evidence-based review of herbal remedies for hemorrhoids in traditional Persian medicine. A comprehensive survey about hemorrhoids on the most important manuscripts of traditional Persian medicine was done. Then, scientific data banks were searched for possible related properties of each herb in the conventional medicine...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228789/a-mechanistic-review-on-medicinal-plants-used-for-diabetes-mellitus-in-traditional-persian-medicine
#12
Fatemeh Farzaei, Mohammad Reza Morovati, Fatemeh Farjadmand, Mohammad Hosein Farzaei
Diabetes mellitus is the most common endocrine disorder and a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Traditional medicines worldwide suggest a wide range of natural remedies for the prevention and treatment of chronic disorders, including diabetes mellitus. This mechanistic review aims to highlight the significance of medicinal plants traditionally used as dietary supplements in Persian medicine in adjunct with restricted conventional drugs for the prevention and treatment of diabetes mellitus. Mounting evidence suggests that these natural agents perform their protective and therapeutic effect on diabetes mellitus via several cellular mechanisms, including regeneration of pancreatic β cell, limitation of glycogen degradation and gluconeogenesis, anti-inflammatory, immunoregulatory, antiapoptosis, antioxidative stress, as well as modulation of intracellular signaling transduction pathways...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227795/divergent-effects-of-levetiracetam-and-tiagabine-against-spontaneous-seizures-in-adult-rats-following-neonatal-hypoxia
#13
Raymond Dunn, Bridget N Queenan, Daniel T S Pak, Patrick A Forcelli
Animal models are valuable tools for screening novel therapies for patients who suffer from epilepsy. However, a wide array of models are necessary to cover the diversity of human epilepsies. In humans, neonatal hypoxia (or hypoxia-ischemia) is one of the most common causes of epilepsy early in life. Hypoxia-induced seizures (HS) during the neonatal period can also lead to spontaneous seizures in adulthood. This phenomenon, i.e., early-life hypoxia leading to adult epilepsy - is also seen in experimental models, including rats...
December 5, 2017: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227709/a-review-study-on-the-beneficial-effects-of-baduanjin
#14
Liye Zou, Zhujun Pan, Albert Yeung, Saira Talwar, Chaoyi Wang, Yang Liu, Yankai Shu, Xiaoan Chen, Garrett Anthony Thomas
AIM: Baduanjin, a Chinese traditional Qigong exercise that focuses on a mind-body integration, is considered to be an effective exercise in promoting health. Thus, we systematically and critically evaluated the emerging literature relating to the effects of Baduanjin on health outcomes. METHODS: We used seven English-language electronic databases for the literature search. At least one health-related parameter was reported in retrievable full-text Baduanjin intervention studies...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226706/natural-products-and-hiv-aids
#15
Daniele C Cary, B Matija Peterlin
The study of natural products in biomedical research is not a modern conceit. Many of the most successful medical therapeutics are derived from natural products, including those studied in the field of HIV/AIDS. Biomedical research has a rich history of discovery based on screens of medicinal herbs and traditional medicine practices. Compounds derived from natural products which repress HIV and those that activate latent HIV have been reported. It is important to remember the tradition in medical research to derive therapies based on these natural products and to overcome the negative perception of natural products as as an "alternative medicine"...
December 10, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226479/metabolite-profiling-and-isolation-of-biologically-active-compounds-from-scadoxus-puniceus-a-highly-traded-south-african-medicinal-plant
#16
Devashan Naidoo, Lenka Poštová Slavětínská, Adeyemi O Aremu, Jiri Gruz, Ondrej Biba, Karel Doležal, Johannes Van Staden, Jeffrey F Finnie
Scadoxus puniceus (Amaryllidaceae), a medicinal plant of high value in South Africa, is used as a component of a traditional herbal tonic prescribed to treat several ailments. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry quantified the phenolic compounds in different organs of S. puniceus. Gravity column chromatography was used to separate fractions and active compounds. The structure of these compounds was determined using 1D and 2D nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectroscopic techniques...
December 11, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226353/biotransformation-and-metabolic-profile-of-xian-ling-gu-bao-capsule-a-traditional-chinese-medicine-prescription-with-rat-intestinal-microflora-by-ultra-performance-liquid-chromatography-coupled-with-quadrupole-time-of-flight-tandem-mass-spectrometry-analysis
#17
Meng-Xue Gao, Xi-Yang Tang, Feng-Xiang Zhang, Zhi-Hong Yao, Xin-Sheng Yao, Yi Dai
Xian-Ling-Gu-Bao capsule (XLGB), a well-known traditional Chinese medicine prescription (TCMP), has been used for prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. The safety and efficacy of XLGB have been confirmed based on the principle of evidence-based medicine (EBM). XLGB is usually administered orally, after which its multi-components are brought into contacted with intestinal microflora in the alimentary tract and biotransformed. However, investigations on the comprehensive metabolic profile of XLGB are absent...
December 11, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225716/n-of-1-design-and-its-applications-to-personalized-treatment-studies
#18
Tailiang Xie, Zhuoxin Yu
N-of-1 trial is a type of clinical trial which has been applied in chronic recurrent conditions that require long-term non-curative treatment. In this type of trials, each patient will be randomly assigned to one of the treatment sequences and repeatedly crossed over two or more treatments of interests. Through this cross-comparing method (cross-over phase), investigator can identify an optimal treatment (medicine or therapy) for the patient and treat the patient with the optimal treatment in an extension phase...
2017: Statistics in Biosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225138/9-hydroxycanthin-6-one-isolated-from-stem-bark-of-ailanthus-altissima-induces-ovarian-cancer-cell-apoptosis-and-inhibits-the-activation-of-tumor-associated-macrophages
#19
Miran Jeong, Hye Mi Kim, Ji-Hye Ahn, Kyung-Tae Lee, Dae Sik Jang, Jung-Hye Choi
The stem bark of Ailanthus altissima is used in traditional medicine in Asia to treat a variety of diseases, including cancer. The aim of this study was to identify compounds with tumoricidal activity from A. altissima stem bark and to investigate their mechanisms of action. Among the 13 compounds isolated from the ethyl acetate fraction of A. altissima stem bark, the β-carboline alkaloid 9-hydroxycanthin-6-one had potent cytotoxicity in all three ovarian cancer cell types examined. 9-Hydroxycanthin-6-one induced apoptosis through the activation of caspases-3, -8, and -9...
December 7, 2017: Chemico-biological Interactions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225002/documentation-of-plant-drugs-dispensed-via-local-weekly-shanties-of-madurai-city-india
#20
Tagadur Sureshchandra Suma, Kaliamoorthy Ravikumar, Byadarahalli Srikantiah Somashekhar, Devendra Kumar Ved, Roohi Zaman, Gopalakrishnan Rajalakshmi, S N Venugopalan Nair, Subrahmanya Kumar Kukkupuni
BACKGROUND: The Valaiyār (Moopanar) communities of Tamil Nadu are traditionally known for catching rats and snakes from the agricultural fields. Prior to independence, some of these families have faced socio-economic changes and chosen to become herbalists in Madurai city. They are mainly engaged in collecting and dispensing fresh and dried plant drugs in its 'natural form' at Tiḷagar tīḍal market of Madurai city. Their business is unique, because customers receive 'prescriptions' and 'plant drugs', unlike the conventional dispensaries...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
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