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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226060/nonpharmacological-interventions-to-improve-quality-of-life-in-heart-failure-an-integrative-review
#1
Daniela Reuter do Amaral, Marina Bertelli Rossi, Camila Takao Lopes, Juliana de Lima Lopes
Objective: to identify articles that assessed the effectiveness or efficacy of nonpharmacological interventions to improve quality of life of people with heart failure in the literature. Method: an integrative literature review was performed in Lilacs, MedLine and SciELO databases, including randomized or nonrandomized clinical trials and quasi-experimental studies published between 2003 and 2014, in Portuguese, English or Spanish. Results: twenty-three studies were included...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225732/integrating-and-assessing-structural-competency-in-an-innovative-prehealth-curriculum-at-vanderbilt-university
#2
Jonathan M Metzl, JuLeigh Petty
PROBLEM: Structural competency is a framework for conceptualizing and addressing health-related social justice issues that emphasizes diagnostic recognition of economic and political conditions producing and racializing inequalities in health. Strategies are needed to teach prehealth undergraduate students concepts central to structural competency (e.g., structural inequity, structural racism, structural stigma) and to evaluate their impact. APPROACH: The curriculum for Vanderbilt University's innovative prehealth major in medicine, health, and society (MHS) was reshaped in 2013 to incorporate structural competency concepts and skills into undergraduate courses...
March 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225035/deep-sequencing-and-transcriptome-analyses-to-identify-genes-involved-in-secoiridoid-biosynthesis-in-the-tibetan-medicinal-plant-swertia-mussotii
#3
Yue Liu, Yi Wang, Fengxian Guo, Lin Zhan, Toni Mohr, Prisca Cheng, Naxin Huo, Ronghui Gu, Danning Pei, Jiaqing Sun, Li Tang, Chunlin Long, Luqi Huang, Yong Q Gu
Swertia mussotii Franch. is an important traditional Tibetan medicinal plant with pharmacological properties effective in the treatment of various ailments including hepatitis. Secoiridoids are the major bioactive compounds in S. mussotii. To better understand the secoiridoid biosynthesis pathway, we generated transcriptome sequences from the root, leaf, stem, and flower tissues, and performed de novo sequence assembly, yielding 98,613 unique transcripts with an N50 of 1,085 bp. Putative functions could be assigned to 35,029 transcripts (35...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225023/traditional-chinese-medicine-suppresses-left-ventricular-hypertrophy-by-targeting-extracellular-signal-regulated-kinases-signaling-pathway-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#4
Xingjiang Xiong, Xiaochen Yang, Lian Duan, Wei Liu, Yun Zhang, Yongmei Liu, Pengqian Wang, Shengjie Li, Xiaoke Li
Chinese herbal medicine Bu-Shen-Jiang-Ya decoction (BSJYD) is reported to be beneficial for hypertension. Over expression of extracellular signal regulated kinases (ERK) pathway plays an important role in left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH). This study aimed to observe effects of BSJYD on LVH in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and explore its possible mechanism on regulation of ERK pathway. Sixty 12-week-old SHRs were randomly allocated into 5 groups: BSJYD high dose group, middle dose group, low dose group, captopril group, and control group...
February 22, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224816/protective-effect-of-curcumin-against-myocardium-injury-in-ischemia-reperfusion-rats
#5
HuaJin Liu, ChangHua Wang, Zengyong Qiao, Yawei Xu
CONTEXT: Curcumin has long been used as a condiment and a traditional medicine worldwide. OBJECTIVE: The current study investigates the possible protective effect of curcumin on heart function in myocardium ischemia-reperfusion (MIR) rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We fed Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats (10 in each group) either curcumin (10, 20 or 30 mg/kg/d) or saline. Twenty days later, the rats were subjected to myocardial injuries by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery (60 min), and subsequently, the heart (3 h) reperfused by releasing the ligation...
December 2017: Pharmaceutical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224432/effect-of-triptolide-on-expression-of-oxidative-carbonyl-protein-in-renal-cortex-of-rats-with-diabetic-nephropathy
#6
Xing-Gang Dong, Zeng-Mei An, Yuan Guo, Jia-Liang Zhou, Tao Qin
The traditional Chinese medicine (Tripterygium wilfordiiHook.f., TWH) has been clinically used to treat primary and secondary renal diseases and proteinuria for nearly 40 years. However, there is a rare literature about the effect of triptolide (the main active ingredient of TWH) on the expression of oxidative carbonyl protein (OCP) in diabetic nephropathy (DN). This study aimed to provide experimental evidence for triptolide treatment on DN through its effect on the expression of OCP, in order to investigate the effects of triptolide on the expression of OCP in rats with DN...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224421/essential-oil-from-siegesbeckia-pubescens-induces-apoptosis-through-the-mitochondrial-pathway-in-human-hepg2-cells
#7
Dan Lv, Kai-Wen Guo, Chan Xu, Mi Huang, Si-Jian Zheng, Xin-Hua Ma, Li-Hong Pan, Qiang Wang, Xin-Zhou Yang
Siegesbeckia pubescens (SP) has been used as a traditional medicine for the treatment of and inflammatory diseases. However, the activities of SP against hepatocellular carcinoma and the related mechanisms remain unclear. The present study aimed to examine the effects of the essential oil of SP (SPEO) on the proliferation of hepatocellular carcinoma cells and the possible mechanisms. The growth inhibition of HepG2 cells was analyzed by MTT assay. Hoechst 33258 and fluorescence microscopy were utilized to observe the nuclear morphological changes of apoptotic cells...
February 2017: Journal of Huazhong University of Science and Technology. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224223/agarwood-formation-induced-by-fermentation-liquid-of-lasiodiplodia-theobromae-the-dominating-fungus-in-wounded-wood-of-aquilaria-sinensis
#8
Xuyu Chen, Chun Sui, Yangyang Liu, Yun Yang, Peiwei Liu, Zheng Zhang, Jianhe Wei
Agarwood is broadly used in incense and medicine. Traditionally, agarwood formation is induced by wounding the trunks and branches of some species of Aquilaria spp., including A. sinensis. As recently evidenced, some fungi or their fermentation liquid may have the potential of inducing agarwood formation. The present study aimed to analyze the fungi isolated from an agarwood-producing A. sinensis tree and subsequently identify the fungi capable of promoting agarwood formation. We identified a total of 110 fungi isolates based on their morphological characteristics and rDNA ITS sequences...
February 21, 2017: Current Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224016/characterization-of-major-metabolites-of-polymethoxylated-flavonoids-in-pericarpium-citri-reticulatae-using-liver-microsomes-immobilized-on-magnetic-nanoparticles-coupled-with-uplc-ms-ms
#9
Jun Lei, Ying Xue, Yi-Ming Liu, Xun Liao
The peels of citrus fruits (Pericarpium Citri Reticulatae, PCR) have long been used in traditional Chinese medicines (TCMs). Polymethoxylated flavonoids (PMFs) were found to be the main components present in PCR extracts, but their metabolism remains unclear which restrain the utilization of this TCM. In the present work, rat liver microsomes were immobilized on magnetic nanoparticles (LMMNPs) for in vitro metabolic study on the whole PMFs of PCR. LMMNPs were characterized by transmission electron microscope and Fourier-transform infrared spectrum...
2017: Chemistry Central Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222809/indigenous-knowledge-and-use-of-lichens-by-the-lichenophilic-communities-of-the-nepal-himalaya
#10
Shiva Devkota, Ram Prasad Chaudhary, Silke Werth, Christoph Scheidegger
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study was to document the prevailing indigenous knowledge and various uses of lichens among the lichenophilic communities in the hills and mountainous settlements of Nepal. METHODS: Ethnic uses were recorded during twelve field trips, each of roughly 15 days in three consecutive years, through direct questionnaires administered to 190 respondents. Lichen samples were identified applying microscopic observation and thin layer chromatography (TLC)...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222521/the-effects-of-lw-afc-on-the-hippocampus-transcriptome-in-senescence-accelerated-mouse-prone-8-strain-a-mouse-model-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#11
Jianhui Wang, Yang Liu, Xiaorui Cheng, Xiaorui Zhang, Feng Liu, Gang Liu, Shanyi Qiao, Ming Ni, Wenxia Zhou, Yongxiang Zhang, Fei Li
The senescence-accelerated mouse prone 8 (SAMP8) strain is considered a robust experimental model for developing preventative and therapeutic treatments for Alzheimer's disease (AD), a neurodegenerative disease which cannot be effectively prevented, halted, or cured. Our previous studies showed that LW-AFC, a new formula derived from the classical traditional Chinese medicinal prescription Liuwei Dihuang decoction, ameliorates cognitive deterioration in PrP-hAβPPswe/PS1ΔE9 transgenic mice and SAMP8 mice. This study aims to investigate the mechanism that mediates how LW-AFC improves cognitive deficit on the basis of the transcriptome...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222398/isolation-of-a-new-resorcinolic-lipid-from-mangifera-zeylanica-hook-f-bark-and-its-cytotoxic-and-apoptotic-potential
#12
Meran Keshawa Ediriweera, Kamani Hemamala Tennekoon, Sameera Ranganath Samarakoon, Achyut Adhikari, Ira Thabrew, E Dilip de Silva
Mangifera zeylanica is a plant endemic to Sri Lanka and its bark has been used in traditional medicine to treat some cancers. This study was aimed to isolate potentially cytotoxic compound/s from the hexane extract of the bark of M. zeylanica by bio-activity guided fractionation. The structure of the isolated compound (1) was elucidated using (1)H, (13)C NMR and mass spectrometric techniques. Compound 1 was identified as a new resorcinolic lipid (5-((8Z, 11Z, 14Z)-hexatriaconta-8, 11, 14-trienyl) benzene-1,3-diol)...
February 18, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221991/detecting-clinically-meaningful-shape-clusters-in-medical-image-data-metrics-analysis-for-hierarchical-clustering-applied-to-healthy-and-pathological-aortic-arches
#13
Jan L Bruse, Maria A Zuluaga, Abbas Khushnood, Kristin McLeod, Hopewell N Ntsinjana, Tain-Yen Hsia, Maxime Sermesant, Xavier Pennec, Andrew M Taylor, Silvia Schievano
OBJECTIVE: Today's growing medical image databases call for novel processing tools to structure the bulk of data and extract clinically relevant information. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering may reveal clusters within anatomical shape data of patient populations as required for modern Precision Medicine strategies. Few studies have applied hierarchical clustering techniques to three-dimensional patient shape data and results depend heavily on the chosen clustering distance metrics and linkage functions...
February 16, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220834/stellera-chamaejasme-and-its-constituents-induce-cutaneous-wound-healing-and-anti-inflammatory-activities
#14
Myungsuk Kim, Hee Ju Lee, Ahmad Randy, Ji Ho Yun, Sang-Rok Oh, Chu Won Nho
Stellera chamaejasme L. (Thymelaeaceae) is a perennial herb that is widely used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat tumours, tuberculosis and psoriasis. S. chamaejasme extract (SCE) possesses anti-inflammatory, analgesic and wound healing activities; however, the effect of S. chamaejasme and its active compounds on cutaneous wound healing has not been investigated. We assessed full-thickness wounds of Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and topically applied SCE for 2 weeks. In vitro studies were performed using HaCaT keratinocytes, Hs68 dermal fibroblasts and RAW 264...
February 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220135/differential-gene-expression-analysis-in-polygonum-minus-leaf-upon-24-h-of-methyl-jasmonate-elicitation
#15
Reyhaneh Rahnamaie-Tajadod, Kok-Keong Loke, Hoe-Han Goh, Normah M Noor
Polygonum minus is an herbal plant that grows in Southeast Asian countries and traditionally used as medicine. This plant produces diverse secondary metabolites such as phenolic compounds and their derivatives, which are known to have roles in plant abiotic and biotic stress responses. Methyl jasmonate (MeJA) is a plant signaling molecule that triggers transcriptional reprogramming in secondary metabolism and activation of defense responses against many biotic and abiotic stresses. However, the effect of MeJA elicitation on the genome-wide expression profile in the leaf tissue of P...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219798/integrative-hepatoprotective-efficacy-comparison-of-raw-and-vinegar-baked-radix-bupleuri-using-nuclear-magnetic-resonance-based-metabolomics
#16
Jie Xing, Hui-Min Sun, Jin-Ping Jia, Xue-Mei Qin, Zhen-Yu Li
Radix Bupleuri (RB), with a Chinese name Chaihu, is one of the most popular Traditional Chinese herbal drug. It can be baked with vinegar to afford vinegar-baked Radix Bupleuri (VBRB), which is used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) for liver diseases treatment. In the present study, nuclear magnetic resonance-based metabolomic approach was used to compare the liver protective effect of RB and two types of VBRBs, which were prepared by two kinds of vinegar. The contents of 14 metabolites in the liver of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) treated mice were significantly altered in comparison with control group, and VBRB prepared by Shanxi vinegar showed best effect as revealed by the amount and regulatory degree of the perturbed metabolites...
February 7, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219727/economic-botany-collections-a-source-of-material-evidence-for-exploring-historical-changes-in-chinese-medicinal-materials
#17
Eric Brand, Christine Leon, Mark Nesbitt, Ping Guo, Ran Huang, Hubiao Chen, Li Liang, Zhongzhen Zhao
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Many Chinese medicinal materials (CMMs) have changed over centuries of use, particularly in terms of their botanical identity and processing methods. In some cases, these changes have important implications for safety and efficacy in modern clinical practice. As most previous research has focused on clarifying the evolution of CMMs by analyzing traditional Chinese materia medica ("bencao") literature, assessments of historical collections are needed to validate these conclusions with material evidence...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219697/effect-of-salvia-miltiorrhiza-root-extract-on-brain-acetylcholinesterase-and-butyrylcholinesterase-activities-their-mrna-levels-and-memory-evaluation-in-rats
#18
Marcin Ozarowski, Przemyslaw L Mikolajczak, Anna Piasecka, Radoslaw Kujawski, Joanna Bartkowiak-Wieczorek, Anna Bogacz, Michal Szulc, Ewa Kaminska, Malgorzata Kujawska, Agnieszka Gryszczynska, Piotr Kachlicki, Waldemar Buchwald, Andrzej Klejewski, Agnieszka Seremak-Mrozikiewicz
Salvia miltiorrhiza (Lamiaceae), one of the most important and popular plants of traditional medicine of Asia, is used for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases and in central nervous system disturbances. The main aim of this study was to assess the influence of subchronic (28-fold) administration of Salvia miltiorrhiza root extract (SE, 200mg/kg, p.o.) on behavioural activity and memory of rats and to evaluate the activities of cholinesterases (AChE and BuChE) and gene expression levels of AChE and BuChE as well as of beta-secretase (BACE1) in the hippocampus and frontal cortex in vivo...
February 17, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219365/exploration-of-anti-cancer-effects-and-mechanisms-of-zuo-jin-wan-and-its-alkaloid-components-in-vitro-and-in-orthotopic-hepg2-xenograft-immunocompetent-mice
#19
Shun-Ting Chou, Chien-Yun Hsiang, Hsin-Yi Lo, Hui-Fen Huang, Ming-Tsung Lai, Ching-Liang Hsieh, Su-Yin Chiang, Tin-Yun Ho
BACKGROUND: Zuo-Jin-Wan (ZJW), a two-herb formula consisting of Coptis chinensis (CC) and Evodia rutaecarpa (ER), is commonly used in traditional Chinese medicine for the treatment of cancers. However, the efficacies and mechanisms of ZJW and its alkaloid components on cancers are still unclear. METHODS: Here we investigated the anti-cancer effects and mechanisms of ZJW, CC, ER, berberine, and evodiamine in cells and in intrahepatic xenograft mice. RESULTS: Treatment of HepG2 cells with ZJW, CC, ER, berberine, and evodiamine significantly displayed cytotoxic effects in a dose- and time-dependent manner...
February 20, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219100/-current-developments-of-the-interdisciplinary-subject-rehabilitation-physical-medicine-naturopathic-treatment-in-the-german-medical-faculties-results-of-the-dgrw-faculty-survey-in-2015
#20
S Schmidt, C Bergelt, R Deck, G Krischak, M Morfeld, M Michel, S R Schwarzkopf, K Spyra, S Walter, W Mau
To ascertain the current development of the rehabilitation-related medical teaching in the interdisciplinary subject Rehabilitation, Physical Medicine, Naturopathic Treatment (Q12) regarding its execution, content, exams and evaluation of teaching at the Medical Faculties the German Society of Rehabilitation Science conducted another faculty survey in 2015. Representatives of all degree courses of human medicine in German Universities (n=41) received a pseudonymised standardised questionnaire in summer 2015...
February 2017: Die Rehabilitation
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