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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323877/thermal-analysis-during-partial-carbonizing-process-of-rhubarb-moutan-and-burnet
#1
Junnan Ma, Xianglong Meng, Xiaohui Guo, Yaru Lan, Shuosheng Zhang
Control of temperature and duration of partial carbonization for Chinese medicines have been mainly based on experience of the processors. No quantitative methods and parameters are available that can be used to precisely control the temperature and determine the energy changes during the process. In our research, with a simulated atmosphere air condition, the partial carbonization processes of three Chinese herb medicines rhubarb, moutan and burnet were simulated at different heating rates (5, 10 and 20°C • min-1) and analyzed by thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA) to quantify the upper limits of the temperature...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323627/effects-of-xuebijing-injection-for-patients-with-sepsis-induced-acute-kidney-injury-after-wenchuan-earthquake
#2
Qin Yuxi, Hanlai Zhang, Yu Baili, Shihua Shi
Context • Earthquakes are devastating disasters that have claimed countless lives in the past, partially owing to the danger of direct and indirect injuries to vital organs. In the deadly earthquake that occurred in Sichuan Province of China on May 12, 2008, some victims suffered from severe damage to multiple organs and tissue and developed sepsis, a systematic inflammatory reaction resulting from infection and trauma. Xuebijing injection (CCXG) could beneficial for improvement of clinical symptoms in those patients, but no research has yet examined its potential...
March 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319548/tanshinone-iia-attenuates-sevoflurane-neurotoxicity-in-neonatal-mice
#3
Yimeng Xia, Heng Xu, Chenfei Jia, Xiaodong Hu, Yu Kang, Xiaoxuan Yang, Qingsheng Xue, Guorong Tao, Buwei Yu
BACKGROUND: Sevoflurane is the most widely used inhalational anesthetic in pediatric medicine. Despite this, sevoflurane has been reported to exert potentially neurotoxic effects on the developing brain. Clinical interventions and treatments for these effects are limited. Tanshinone IIA (Tan IIA), extracted from Salvia miltiorrhiza (Danshen), has been documented to alleviate cognitive decline in traditional applications. Therefore, we hypothesized that preadministration of Tan IIA may attenuate sevoflurane-induced neurotoxicity, suggesting that Tan IIA is a new and promising drug capable of counteracting the effects of cognitive dysfunction produced by general anesthetics...
April 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318936/vector-model-supported-approach-in-prostate-plan-optimization
#4
Eva Sau Fan Liu, Vincent Wing Cheung Wu, Benjamin Harris, Margot Lehman, David Pryor, Lawrence Wing Chi Chan
Lengthy time consumed in traditional manual plan optimization can limit the use of step-and-shoot intensity-modulated radiotherapy/volumetric-modulated radiotherapy (S&S IMRT/VMAT). A vector model base, retrieving similar radiotherapy cases, was developed with respect to the structural and physiologic features extracted from the Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM) files. Planning parameters were retrieved from the selected similar reference case and applied to the test case to bypass the gradual adjustment of planning parameters...
March 17, 2017: Medical Dosimetry: Official Journal of the American Association of Medical Dosimetrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318863/it-is-a-brave-new-world-alternative-payment-models-and-value-creation-in-total-joint-arthroplasty-creating-value-for-tjr-quality-and-cost-effectiveness-programs
#5
Kevin K Chen, Jonathan H Harty, Joseph A Bosco
BACKGROUND: The increasing cost of our country's healthcare is not sustainable. To address this crisis, the federal government is transiting healthcare reimbursement from the traditional volume-based system to a value-based system. As such, increasing healthcare value has become an essential point of discussion for all healthcare stakeholders. METHODS: The purpose of this study is to discuss the importance of healthcare value as a means to achieve this goal of value-based medicine and 3 methods to create value in total joint arthroplasty...
February 14, 2017: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318516/-venous-thromboembolism-what-other-risk-factors-in-a-north-african-population-a-study-of-276%C3%A2-cases
#6
I Boukhris, M Abdallah, K Bouslema, S Hamzaoui, T Larbi, A Harmel, N Khalfallah, S Mrad
INTRODUCTION: Venous thromboembolism is a multicausal disease. Understanding interactions between risk factors is the key to advance knowledge about the etiology of venous thrombosis. These interactions are still unclear. In addition to traditional risk factors, there is data about many other risk factors, recorded with few populations based prospective epidemiologic studies or punctually reported. Interactions between these risk factors remain unclear. The aim of our work is to identify and analyze combinations of risk factors...
March 16, 2017: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317886/systems-pharmacology-based-strategy-to-screen-new-adjuvant-for-hepatitis-b-vaccine-from-traditional-chinese-medicine-ophiocordyceps-sinensis
#7
Jingbo Wang, Rui Liu, Baoxiu Liu, Yan Yang, Jun Xie, Naishuo Zhu
Adjuvants are common component for many vaccines but there are still few licensed for human use due to low efficiency or side effects. The present work adopted Systems Pharmacology analysis as a new strategy to screen adjuvants from traditional Chinese medicine. Ophiocordyceps sinensis has been used for many years in China and other Asian countries with many biological properties, but the pharmacological mechanism has not been fully elucidated. First in this study, 190 putative targets for 17 active compounds in Ophiocordyceps sinensis were retrieved and a systems pharmacology-based approach was applied to provide new insights into the pharmacological actions of the drug...
March 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317873/a-new-method-to-evaluate-the-dose-effect-relationship-of-a-tcm-formula-gegen-qinlian-decoction-focus-mode-of-integrated-biomarkers
#8
Zhi-Qiang Huang, Xue-Mei Fan, Yi-Ming Wang, Qiong-Lin Liang, Xiao-Lin Tong, Yu Bai, Ying-Meng Li, Guo-An Luo, Chao Chen
It is difficult to accurately evaluate the efficacy of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), which leads to the uncertainty and complexity of dose-effect analysis. In this study we established the "Focus" mode of biomarkers to characterize the dose-effect relationship of Gegen Qinlian Decoction (GQD), a TCM formula for treating type 2 diabetes mellitus (2-DM). A rat model of 2-DM was established through high fat diet feeding combined with low-dose STZ injection. Rats with 2-DM were administered high, middle or low doses (6...
March 20, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317437/apoptosis-inducing-activity-and-antiproliferative-effect-of-paeoniflorigenone-from-moutan-cortex
#9
Ying Huang, Osamu Ohno, Kiyotake Suenaga, Kenji Miyamoto
Ninety samples from the extracts of plants from traditional Chinese medicines were screened for antitumor activity. Paeoniflorigenone (PFG) was isolated as an active ingredient from the root of moutan cortex, which showed the strongest activity. In addition, our data indicated that PFG was cytotoxic and induced apoptosis selectively in the cancer cell lines. These effects were cancelled by the addition of caspase inhibitor Z-VAD-FMK, suggesting that it was mediated by caspase-3 activation.
March 20, 2017: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317239/the-use-of-low-dose-metronomic-chemotherapy-in-dogs-insight-into-a-modern-cancer-field
#10
REVIEW
T B Gaspar, J Henriques, L Marconato, F L Queiroga
The era of chemotherapy, which started in the middle of the last century, has been ruled by the routine use of dose-intense protocols, based on the "maximum-tolerated dose" concept. By promoting a balance between patient's quality of life and the goal of rapidly killing as many tumour cells as possible, these protocols still play a prominent role in veterinary oncology. However, with the opening of a new millennium, metronomic chemotherapy (MC) started to be considered a possible alternative to traditional dose-intense chemotherapy...
March 20, 2017: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316208/-the-compilation-characteristic-and-value-of-kun-ming-fang-mu-catalogue-of-formulary-in-kunming
#11
Z Q Yang
Kun ming fang mu (Catalogue of Formulary in Kunming) collected and compiled by the Kunming Medicinal Materials Industry Association in 1939, was first seen in the archives of the Republic of China. All the collected Chinese proprietary medicines were tested by the Yunnan Health Laboratory Office as qualified, and served as a standard for manufacturing products at drugstores of traditional Chinese medicine in Kunming in Republic of China. The book was divided into 14 categories with a total of 82 kinds of proprietary medicines, including their name, composition and quantity...
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316203/-analysis-of-xin-an-imperial-medical-officials-in-the-ming-and-qing-dynasties
#12
S M Wan, B S Liu, X Lu
Xin'an imperial medical officials of the Ming and Qing Dynasties was a special group of Xin'an doctors. It had exerted a positive and active impact on the development of traditional Chinese medicine. Rooted in the Xin'an region, with higher literacy and noble medical ethics and medical knowhow, through the imperial enlistment, examination, and other ways to enter the palace as imperial medical officials. During their tenure, they wrote books and communicated and merged with the folk medicine actively. After retiring, they were still involved actively in folk medicine activities, thus promoting and influencing the development of local medicine...
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316202/-textual-research-on-the-origin-and-producing-area-of-baitouweng-radix-pulsatillae
#13
W H Wang, Z L Zhan, H S Peng, J Yang, J P Qian
Baitouweng (Pulsatilla Root), a commonly used traditional Chinese medicine, was first recorded in Shen nong ben cao jing (Shennong's Classic of Materia Medica) . Pulsatilla chinensis (Bunge) Regel from Ranunculaceae had become the authentic source for the Baitouweng since the Song Dynasty, which was consistent with the Radix Pulsatillae collected in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia. Chuzhou, Anhui province, being regarded as the main producing area in ancient times, had been its genuine producing area since the period of Republic of China...
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316201/-review-on-construction-of-legal-system-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-in-china
#14
B S Sang, X T Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315720/the-protective-effect-of-the-active-components-of-erpc-on-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-in-rats
#15
Gai-Mei Hao, Yong-Gang Liu, Yan Wu, Wei Xing, Shu-Zhen Guo, Yong Wang, Zheng-Lin Wang, Chun Li, Tian-Tian Lv, Hong-Liang Wang, Tian-Jiao Shi, Wei Wang, Jing Han
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Euonymus alatus, Radix trichosanthis, Panax notoginseng and Coptis chinensis are popular plants used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat diabetes. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of the study is to investigate the therapeutic effect of the active components of Euonymus alatus, Radix trichosanthis, Panax notoginseng and Coptis chinensis (cERPC) on diabetic peripheral neuropathy in the rats and explore the underlying mechanism involved...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315684/bcl6-mediates-the-effects-of-gastrodin-on-promoting-m2-like-macrophage-polarization-and-protecting-against-oxidative-stress-induced-apoptosis-and-cell-death-in-macrophages
#16
Jing Jia, Xiaojie Shi, Xiaoqian Jing, Jianguo Li, Jie Gao, Mengya Liu, Chi-Iou Lin, Xinzhi Guo, Qian Hua
Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common childhood disability worldwide, yet biomarkers for predicting CP are lacking. By subjecting peripheral blood samples from 62 CP patients and 30 healthy controls to Affymetrix GeneChip(®) PrimeView™ HumanGene Expression Microarray analysis, we identified the novel biomarker B-cell lymphoma 6 (BCL6) as the most upregulated gene in the CP samples. Gastrodin is a traditional Chinese medicine and bioactive compound that promotes adductor angle release, as well as gross and fine motor performance by increasing Gross Motor Function Measure-66 and Fine Motor Function Measure-45 scores...
March 15, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315457/anticonvulsant-activity-and-acute-neurotoxic-profile-of-achyranthes-aspera-linn
#17
Dinesh Y Gawande, Dmitry Druzhilovsky, Raghbir Chand Gupta, Vladimir Poroikov, Rajesh Kumar Goel
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Root powder of Achyranthes aspera Linn. (A. aspera) belongs to family Amaranthaceae is used in Indian traditional medicine for the management of epilepsy and its efficacy is widely acclaimed among the different rural communities. AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study was aimed to establish the possible anticonvulsant effect of A. aspera methanolic root extract using acute anticonvulsant models and to evaluate the acute toxicity and neurotoxic potential A...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315456/mechanisms-underlying-the-diuretic-effect-of-gomphrena-celosioides-mart-amaranthaceae
#18
Paulo Cesar de Paula Vasconcelos, Danilo Ramos Spessotto, Jane Vasconcelos Marinho, Marcos José Salvador, Arquimedes Gasparotto Junior, Candida Aparecida Leite Kassuya
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Gomphrena celosioides (Amaranthaceae) is a native medicinal plant found in Mato Grosso do Sul State that is used for treating urinary tract and kidney stones. This study aimed to evaluate the diuretic effects of ethanolic extract from G. celosioides (EEGC) on acute and extended diuresis to provide a pharmacological basis for its use in traditional medicine. AIM OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the diuretic and natriuretic activity of EEGC and its mechanism of action in an animal model...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315145/educational-intervention-on-undergraduate-cancer-awareness-and-self-directed-learning
#19
Lih-Lian Hwang
Traditional lecture-based learning (LBL) can increase cancer awareness in undergraduates. However, because of the rapidly changing knowledge base in medicine, undergraduates must develop skills required for lifelong self-directed learning (SDL). Problem-based learning (PBL) has been suggested as an SDL approach. This study used a nonequivalent control group with a pretest-posttest design for comparing PBL and LBL for their effectiveness in increasing cancer awareness and SDL among nonmedicine or nonnursing major undergraduates in a health-related general education course...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315070/mechanisms-of-resistance-in-multiple-myeloma
#20
Athanasios Papadas, Fotis Asimakopoulos
Multiple myeloma (MM) is an incurable hematopoietic cancer that is characterized by malignant plasma cell infiltration of the bone marrow and/or extramedullary sites. Multi-modality approaches including "novel agents," traditional chemotherapy, and/or stem cell transplantation are used in MM therapy. Drug resistance, however, ultimately develops and the disease remains incurable for the vast majority of patients. In this chapter, we review both tumor cell-autonomous and non-autonomous (microenvironment-dependent) mechanisms of drug resistance...
March 18, 2017: Handbook of Experimental Pharmacology
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