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anaphylaxis anesthesia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802029/immediate-hypersensitivity-reaction-to-ketamine-in-children-with-history-of-atopic-disease
#1
Seunghee Ki, Sehun Lim, Myoung-Hun Kim, Younghan Kim
Many investigators have demonstrated that a large number of patients who experience anaphylaxis during anesthesia have a history of atopic disease or allergy to a specific substance. Here, we review a hypersensitivity reaction to ketamine in a nine-year-old child with a history of atopic disease.
August 8, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738893/anaphylaxis-with-delayed-appearance-of-skin-manifestations-during-general-anesthesia-two-case-reports
#2
Hiroshi Hanamoto, Fumi Kozu, Aiko Oyamaguchi, Mika Inoue, Chizuko Yokoe, Hitoshi Niwa
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is difficult to diagnose in the absence of skin or mucosal signs and symptoms. We report two cases of anaphylaxis under general anesthesia, in which the initial presentation was in the form of respiratory signs, followed by skin manifestations 10-15 min later. Diagnosis of anaphylaxis was delayed because skin symptoms were absent early on in the presentation. CASE PRESENTATION: In the first case, a 23-year-old male patient with jaw deformity was scheduled to undergo maxillary alveolar osteotomy...
July 24, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663656/dilemmas-in-anesthetic-management-of-a-patient-with-history-of-anaphylaxis-to-vecuronium
#3
Nidhi Agrawal, A R Gogia, Madhu Dayal
Anaphylaxis during anesthesia is a life-threatening situation that occurs uncommonly. A 60-year-old woman with a history of anaphylaxis during previous anesthesia is scheduled to undergo elective open cholecystectomy. Her skin tests revealed sensitivity to vecuronium and nonsensitivity to injections of midazolam, fentanyl, and propofol. Due to high incidence of cross sensitivity among neuromuscular drugs, it was thought best to avoid general anesthesia. Spinal anesthesia was planned for the patient. The patient refused to give consent for spinal anesthesia, and she had to be taken up for surgery under general anesthesia...
April 2017: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28235514/atypical-presentation-to-rocuronium-allergy-in-a-19-year-old-female-patient
#4
Vladimir Kuric, Khaled J Zaza, Sulaiman S Algazlan
The danger of anaphylaxis, a rare but life threatening complication of general anesthesia (GA) can be summarized in two: 1. General Anesthesia masks the typical early signs of allergy which can be seen in an awake patient. 2. Anaphylaxis during GA manifests mostly as circulatory/ventilatory failures which can be interpreted as adverse effects of anesthetics or surgery and this can lead to critical delay of effective therapy. A 19-year-old female admitted for posterior spinal fusion and instrumentation (the 5th surgery in patient's life) desaturated seconds after intubation...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181948/kounis-syndrome-during-anesthesia-presentation-of-indolent-systemic-mastocytosis-a-case-report
#5
Elena de la Fuente Tornero, Arantza Vega Castro, Pedro Álvarez de Sierra Hernández, Javier Balaguer Recena, Sofía Carmen Zaragoza Casares, Francisco Miguel Serrano Baylin, Paloma Gallardo Culebradas, Beatriz Amorós Alfonso, Jose Ramón Rodríguez Fraile
Mastocytosis comprises a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by mast cell accumulation and proliferation in distinct organs. Kounis syndrome is defined as the concurrence of acute coronary syndromes with mast cell activation in a setting of allergic or hypersensitivity reactions. This is the first reported case of an intraoperative Kounis syndrome as the onset of an indolent systemic mastocytosis probably triggered by succinylated gelatin infusion during general anesthesia. The presentation of this case is intended to contribute to the knowledge of mastocytosis and Kounis syndrome at the time of diagnostic workup during intraoperative anaphylaxis or myocardial ischemia...
May 1, 2017: A & A Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162930/a-randomized-study-of-autologous-bone-marrow-derived-stem-cells-in-pediatric-cardiomyopathy
#6
E Sian Pincott, Deborah Ridout, Margaret Brocklesby, Angus McEwan, Vivek Muthurangu, Michael Burch
BACKGROUND: Bone marrow mononuclear cell fraction has been used as therapy for dilated cardiomyopathy in adults. Although case series are reported, there are no randomized controlled studies in children. METHODS: We designed a randomized, crossover, controlled pilot study to determine safety and feasibility of intracoronary stem cell therapy in children. The primary safety end-point was freedom from death and transplantation or any complication that could be considered related to bone marrow injection or anesthesia (e...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Heart and Lung Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957774/pediatric-anaphylaxis-in-the-operating-room-for-anesthesia-residents-a-simulation-study
#7
Emily B Johnston, Collin King, Peter A Sloane, Jerral W Cox, Amber Q Youngblood, Jerry Lynn Zinkan, Nancy M Tofil
BACKGROUND: Pediatric intraoperative emergencies are rare but it is crucial for an anesthesia resident to be proficient in their management. Even the more common emergencies like anaphylaxis may not happen frequently for this proficiency to occur. Simulation increases exposure to these rare events in a safe learning environment to improve skills and build confidence while standardizing curriculum. OBJECTIVE: Anesthesia residents participated in a simulated case of intraoperative pediatric anaphylaxis to evaluate knowledge and performance gaps...
February 2017: Paediatric Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886904/mastocytosis-and-anaphylaxis
#8
REVIEW
Anna Schuch, Knut Brockow
This article updates current knowledge on epidemiology, risk factors, triggers, and management of anaphylaxis in patients with mastocytosis. Hyperactive mast cells and higher number of effector mast cells are speculated to facilitate anaphylaxis in this condition. In children, increased risk is limited to those with extensive skin involvement and high tryptase. In adults, manifestations of anaphylaxis are severe with high frequency of cardiovascular symptoms. Hymenoptera stings are the most common triggers for these reactions; however, idiopathic anaphylaxis and reactions to food or drugs occur...
February 2017: Immunology and Allergy Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871567/intraoperative-medications-associated-with-hemodynamically-significant-anaphylaxis
#9
Robert E Freundlich, Neal M Duggal, Michelle Housey, Tyler T Tremper, Milo C Engoren, Sachin Kheterpal
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To facilitate the identification of drugs and patient factors associated with hemodynamically significant anaphylaxis. DESIGN: Using an existing database containing complete perioperative records, instances of hemodynamically significant anaphylaxis were identified using a physiologic and treatment-based screening algorithm. All cases were manually reviewed by 2 clinicians, with a third adjudicating disagreements, and confirmed cases were matched 3:1 with control cases...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871512/case-report-management-of-differential-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-severe-anaphylaxis-in-the-setting-of-spinal-anesthesia
#10
Brian M Osman, Joni M Maga, Sebastian M Baquero
The purpose of this case report is to educate fellow anesthesiologists of a complicated differential diagnosis for sudden cardiovascular collapse after spinal anesthesia. We report a case where anaphylaxis occurred while under spinal anesthesia and resulted in difficult resuscitation. A 58-year-old woman undergoing bilateral knee replacements under spinal anesthesia experienced sudden seizure and cardiovascular collapse from acute anaphylactic shock while administering a cephalosporin. Local anesthetic toxicity, high spinal, and anaphylaxis were considered due to overlapping of symptoms...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853881/a-suspected-case-of-rocuronium-sugammadex-complex-induced-anaphylactic-shock-after-cesarean-section
#11
Masakazu Yamaoka, Miki Deguchi, Kiichiro Ninomiya, Toshiaki Kurasako, Mutsuko Matsumoto
An anaphylactic reaction during a cesarean section occurs rarely, and rocuronium is thought to be one of the common agents causing perioperative anaphylaxis. Here we report an anaphylactic shock after cesarean section that is suggested to be induced by the rocuronium-sugammadex complex. A 36-year-old primigravida underwent an elective cesarean section under general anesthesia due to placenta previa. While the operation was completed uneventfully, she developed anaphylactic shock following sugammadex administration...
February 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826967/palonosetron-induced-anaphylaxis-during-general-anesthesia-a-case-report
#12
Hyungjun Park, Kyunghwan Oh, Hoonhee Lee, Ji Hyang Lee, Sun Myoung Kang, So Young Park, Hyouk Soo Kwon, You Sook Cho, Hee Bom Moon, Tae Bum Kim
Palonosetron is a 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 (5-HT-3) receptor antagonist used for preventing postoperative nausea and vomiting. Compared with ondansetron and granisetron, it is a better drug because of prolonged action and minimal side effects. Some adverse effects of palonosetron have been reported. In this report, we describe a 37-year-old male who developed severe hypersensitivity reactions to palonosetron during surgery for kidney donation. His medical history was unremarkable, except for inguinal hernia with herniorrhaphy 8 years ago...
January 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541679/takotsubo-syndrome-due-to-peri-anesthesia-anaphylaxis-bronchosmasm-per-se-albuterol-or-epinephrine-dissecting-the-triggers
#13
John E Madias
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27382817/peri-anesthesia-anaphylaxis-paa-we-still-have-not-started-post-paa-testing-for-inciting-anesthesia-related-allergens
#14
Taghreed Alshaeri, Deepak Gupta, Ananthamurthy Nagabhushana
Anaphylaxis during anesthesia is uncommon. Diagnosis of peri-anesthesia anaphylaxis (PAA) requires anesthesia providers' vigilance for prompt diagnosis and treatment. In this case report, we present a challenging case with suspected PAA including its perioperative management, intensive care unit (ICU) course, and post-discharge follow-up. A 44-year-old female (body mass index = 26) presented for elective abdominal panniculectomy. Post-intubation, severe bronchospasm occurred that was non-responsive to nebulized albuterol and intravenous epinephrine...
February 2016: Middle East Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27290941/a-case-of-anaphylaxis-apparently-induced-by-sugammadex-and-rocuronium-in-successive-surgeries
#15
Yuko Yamada, Takuji Yamamoto, Kumiko Tanabe, Naokazu Fukuoka, Motoyasu Takenaka, Hiroki Iida
Rocuronium is the agent most frequently involved in perioperative anaphylaxis, and sugammadex has also been known to induce anaphylactic reactions. We describe a case of successive anaphylactic episodes that seemed to be induced by clinical doses of rocuronium and sugammadex. The patient was a 19-year-old woman who had a medical history of asthma, but no history of surgery. She had been injured in a fall, and several surgeries were scheduled for multiple bone fractures. At the first surgery under general anesthesia, she developed anaphylaxis 5 min after sugammadex administration...
August 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221737/immediate-sequential-bilateral-pediatric-vitreoretinal-surgery-an-international-multicenter-study
#16
MULTICENTER STUDY
Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Wei-Chi Wu, Shunji Kusaka, Joshua Robinson, Daishi Tsujioka, Kai B Kang, Michael J Shapiro, Tapas R Padhi, Lubhani Jain, Jonathan E Sears, Ajay E Kuriyan, Audina M Berrocal, Polly A Quiram, Amanda E Gerber, R V Paul Chan, Karyn E Jonas, Sui Chien Wong, C K Patel, Ashkan M Abbey, Rand Spencer, Michael P Blair, Emmanuel Y Chang, Thanos D Papakostas, Demetrios G Vavvas, Robert A Sisk, Philip J Ferrone, Robert H Henderson, Karl R Olsen, M Elizabeth Hartnett, Felix Y Chau, Shizuo Mukai, Timothy G Murray, Benjamin J Thomas, P Anthony Meza, Kimberly A Drenser, Michael T Trese, Antonio Capone
PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility and safety of bilateral simultaneous vitreoretinal surgery in pediatric patients. DESIGN: International, multicenter, interventional, retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: Patients 17 years of age or younger from 24 centers worldwide who underwent immediate sequential bilateral vitreoretinal surgery (ISBVS)-defined as vitrectomy, scleral buckle, or lensectomy using the vitreous cutter-performed in both eyes sequentially during the same anesthesia session...
August 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188106/-morphine-induced-anaphylaxis-before-induction-of-anesthesia
#17
Kei Takahashi, Hiroaki Suzuki, Takero Arai, Yasuhisa Okuda
We describe a case of anaphylaxia that occurred in a 67-year-old man. He was planned to have an operation on mitral valve prolapse (MVP) for mitral regurgitation (MR). Morphine 5 mg was injected intramusculaly 45 min before operation. Since then, he felt itchy sensation around his inguinal region. After he came to the operating room, he felt itchy sensation all over the body. Initially, his vatal signs were stable. We started to give extracellular fluid including ulinastatin 300,000 U, methylprednisolone 2 g, and ranitidine 50 mg...
April 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27097513/-a-case-of-rocuronium-induced-anaphylaxis-in-which-surgery-was-subsequently-performed-under-general-anesthesia-without-neuromuscular-blocking-agents
#18
Tatsuo Horiuchi, Tomonori Takazawa, Shigeru Saito
We report here a case of rocuronium-induced anaphylactic shock in a 41-year-old woman. She was scheduled for partial hepatectomy due to liver metastasis of a pheochromocytoma. Anesthesia was induced with propofol, remifentanil, and rocuronium. Bag-mask ventilation was difficult, and her blood pressure fell to around 40 mmHg just after induction. Subsequently, her trachea was intubated and adrenaline was injected. However, due to the subsequent persistence of severe hypotension and hypoxia, cardiopulmonary resuscitation was necessary...
March 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26796887/pregnancy-and-delivery-in-patients-with-mastocytosis-treated-at-the-polish-center-of-the-european-competence-network-on-mastocytosis-ecnm
#19
Katarzyna Ciach, Marek Niedoszytko, Anna Abacjew-Chmylko, Izabela Pabin, Przemyslaw Adamski, Katarzyna Leszczynska, Krzysztof Preis, Hanna Olszewska, Dariusz G Wydra, Rita Hansdorfer-Korzon
OBJECTIVE: To present current guidelines regarding treatment of mastocytosis in pregnancy on the example of observed patients. DESIGN: Case control national study. SETTING: Polish Center of the European Competence Network on Mastocytosis (ECNM). POPULATION OR SAMPLE: 23 singleton spontaneous pregnancies in 17 women diagnosed with mastocytosis in years 1999-2014, before becoming pregnant. METHODS: Prospective analysis outcomes of pregnancies and deliveries...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26796606/anaphylactic-shock-due-to-intravesical-administration-of-pirarubicin-hydrochloride-for-the-fifth-time
#20
Koji Sakata, Naokazu Fukuoka, Kumiko Tanabe, Motoyasu Takenaka, Hiroki Iida
We report the first case of anaphylaxis induced by intravesical administration of pirarubicin hydrochloride during spinal anesthesia. The patient was a 64-year-old woman being followed up for transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. Anaphylaxis occurred the fifth time pirarubicin hydrochloride was administered intravesically. Pirarubicin hydrochloride, an anthracycline antitumor antibiotic that is widely used for intravesical instillation chemotherapy, is administered at the end of surgery. Because this is about the time that the patient is leaving the operating room, attention to patient monitoring tends to be divided...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
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