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Acute renal failure in non-cardiac surgery

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799177/non-invasive-measurement-of-renal-perfusion-and-oxygen-metabolism-to-predict-postoperative-acute-kidney-injury-in-neonates-and-infants-after-cardiopulmonary-bypass-surgery
#1
F Neunhoeffer, M Wiest, K Sandner, H Renk, E Heimberg, C Haller, M Kumpf, C Schlensak, M Hofbeck
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiopulmonary bypass surgery for congenital heart disease is not completely understood. The aim of this study was to carry out a prospective analysis of the diagnostic value of non-invasive monitoring of renal oxygenation and microcirculation by combining laser Doppler flowmetry and tissue spectrometry. METHODS: In 50 neonates and infants who underwent repair (n = 31) or neonatal palliation (n = 19) of congenital heart disease with cardiopulmonary bypass, renal oxygenation, and microcirculatory flow, the approximate renal metabolic rate of oxygen and Doppler-based renal resistive index were determined after surgery...
November 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27621867/concomitant-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-and-non-cardiovascular-surgery
#2
Hong Chul Oh, Jung Wook Han, Jae-Woong Choi, Yong Han Kim, Ho Young Hwang, Ki-Bong Kim
BACKGROUND: Reports on concomitant cardiac and non-cardiovascular surgeries have noted disadvantages in the use of extracorporeal circulation. We assessed the results of concomitant off-pump coronary artery bypass (OPCAB) and non-cardiovascular surgery, and compared them with isolated OPCAB results. METHODS: Of 2,439 patients who underwent OPCAB between 1999 and 2014, 115 patients underwent concomitant OPCAB and non-cardiovascular surgery. Combined non-cardiovascular diseases included 63 malignant and 52 benign diseases...
August 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27521832/effects-of-gender-differences-on-short-term-outcomes-in-patients-with-type-b-aortic-dissection
#3
Nathan L Liang, Elizabeth A Genovese, Georges E Al-Khoury, Eric S Hager, Michel S Makaroun, Michael J Singh
INTRODUCTION: Gender-related differences in type B aortic dissection (TBAD) presentation and outcomes are not well understood. The objective of this study is to assess the impact of gender on short-term outcomes in patients with TBAD. METHODS: Patients with TBAD were identified from National Inpatient Sample datasets from 2009-2012 according to previously published methods. The primary outcomes of interest were in-hospital mortality and major complications (renal, cardiac, pulmonary, paraplegia, and stroke-related) between men and women...
August 10, 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27440627/acute-risk-change-arc-identifies-outlier-institutions-in-perioperative-cardiac-surgical-care-when-the-standardized-mortality-ratio-cannot
#4
T G Coulson, M Bailey, C M Reid, L Tran, D V Mullany, J Parker, P Hicks, D Pilcher
BACKGROUND: With improvements in short-term mortality after cardiac surgery, the sensitivity of the standardized mortality ratio (SMR) as a performance-monitoring tool has declined. We assessed acute risk change (ARC) as a new and potentially more sensitive metric to differentiate overall cardiac surgical unit performance. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the Australian and New Zealand Society of Cardiac and Thoracic Surgeons database and Australian and New Zealand Intensive Care Society Adult Patient Database was performed...
August 2016: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27422971/congestive-kidney-failure-in-cardiac-surgery-the-relationship-between-central-venous-pressure-and-acute-kidney-injury
#5
Ivancarmine Gambardella, Mario Gaudino, Claudio Ronco, Christopher Lau, Natalia Ivascu, Leonard N Girardi
Acute kidney injury (AKI) in cardiac surgery has traditionally been linked to reduced arterial perfusion. There is ongoing evidence that central venous pressure (CVP) has a pivotal role in precipitating acute renal dysfunction in cardiac medical and surgical settings. We can regard this AKI driven by systemic venous hypertension as 'kidney congestive failure'. In the cardiac surgery population as a whole, when the CVP value reaches the threshold of 14 mmHg in postoperative period, the risk of AKI increases 2-fold with an odds ratio (OR) of 1...
November 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27379496/impact-of-aspirin-use-on-morbidity-and-mortality-in-massively-transfused-cardiac-surgery-patients-a-propensity-score-matched-cohort-study
#6
Michael Mazzeffi, Samuel Galvagno, James S Gammie, Kenichi Tanaka
PURPOSE: Aspirin may prevent organ dysfunction in critically ill patients and mitigate transfusion associated acute lung injury. We hypothesized that aspirin use might be associated with decreased morbidity and mortality in massively transfused cardiac surgery patients. METHODS: A single center retrospective cohort study was performed using data from an 8.5-year period (2006-2014). Massive transfusion was defined as receiving at least 2400 ml (8 units) of red blood cell units intraoperatively...
October 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275158/risk-factors-for-acute-kidney-injury-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-and-its-detection-using-neutrophil-gelatinase-associated-lipocalin
#7
Oruç Alper Onk, Didem Onk, Fatih Ozcelik, Murat Gunay, Kultigin Turkmen
INTRODUCTION: Acute kidney injury (AKI) is an important complication of cardiac surgery due to its high mortality. The aim of the present study was to detect the factors leading to AKI in patients who underwent coronary artery bypass surgery (CABS) and also to determine the optimal timing for detecting AKI using the biomarker neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 375 patients who underwent CABS were reviewed in this case-control study...
May 2016: Cardiorenal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27184638/outcome-of-acute-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease-a-matched-case-control-study
#8
Kessarin Thanapirom, Wiriyaporn Ridtitid, Rungsun Rerknimitr, Rattikorn Thungsuk, Phadet Noophun, Chatchawan Wongjitrat, Somchai Luangjaru, Padet Vedkijkul, Comson Lertkupinit, Swangphong Poonsab, Thawee Ratanachu-Ek, Piyathida Hansomburana, Bubpha Pornthisarn, Thirada Thongbai, Varocha Mahachai, Sombat Treeprasertsuk
BACKGROUND/AIM: The risk of upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) increases in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) due to the frequent use of antiplatelets. There is some data reporting on treatment outcomes in CAD patients presenting with UGIB. We aim to determine the clinical characteristics and outcomes of UGIB in patients with CAD, compared with non-CAD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective multi-center cohort study (THAI UGIB-2010) that enrolled 981 consecutive hospitalized patients with acute UGIB...
May 2016: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27073834/renoprotective-effects-of-dnase-i-treatment-in-a-rat-model-of-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-acute-kidney-injury
#9
Victoria Peer, Ramzia Abu Hamad, Sylvia Berman, Shai Efrati
BACKGROUND: Massive DNA destruction/accumulation of cell-free DNA debris is a sensitive biomarker of progressive organ/tissue damage. Deleterious consequences of DNA debris accumulation are evident in cardiac ischemia, thrombosis, auto-inflammatory diseases, SLE-induced lupus nephritis and cystic fibrosis. In case of renal pathologies, degradation and elimination of DNA debris are suppressed, due to downregulated DNAse-I activity within the diseased kidneys. The aim of the current study was to evaluate whether exogenous DNAse-I administration might exert renoprotective effects in the setting of acute kidney injury (AKI or acute renal failure)...
2016: American Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966109/tissue-oximetry-in-anaesthesia-and-intensive-care
#10
Aleksandra Biedrzycka, Romuald Lango
Conventional monitoring during surgery and intensive care is not sufficiently sensitive to detect acute changes in vital organs perfusion, while its good quality is critical for maintaining their function. Disturbed vital organ perfusion may lead to the development of postoperative complications, including neurological sequel and renal failure. Near-infra-red spectroscopy (NIRS) represents one of up-to-date techniques of patient monitoring which is commonly used for the assessment of brain oximetry in thoracic aorta surgery, and - increasingly more often -in open-heart surgery...
2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26822963/shockomics-multiscale-approach-to-the-identification-of-molecular-biomarkers-in-acute-heart-failure-induced-by-shock
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Federico Aletti, Costanza Conti, Manuela Ferrario, Vicent Ribas, Bernardo Bollen Pinto, Antoine Herpain, Emiel Post, Eduardo Romay Medina, Cristina Barlassina, Eliandre de Oliveira, Roberta Pastorelli, Gabriella Tedeschi, Giuseppe Ristagno, Fabio S Taccone, Geert W Schmid-Schönbein, Ricard Ferrer, Daniel De Backer, Karim Bendjelid, Giuseppe Baselli
BACKGROUND: The ShockOmics study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier NCT02141607) is a multicenter prospective observational trial aimed at identifying new biomarkers of acute heart failure in circulatory shock, by means of a multiscale analysis of blood samples and hemodynamic data from subjects with circulatory shock. METHODS AND DESIGN: Ninety septic shock and cardiogenic shock patients will be recruited in three intensive care units (ICU) (Hôpital Erasme, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Belgium; Hospital Universitari Mutua Terrassa, Spain; Hôpitaux Universitaires de Genève, Switzerland)...
January 28, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26816003/perioperative-angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-or-angiotensin-ii-type-1-receptor-blockers-for-preventing-mortality-and-morbidity-in-adults
#12
REVIEW
Zui Zou, Hong B Yuan, Bo Yang, Fengying Xu, Xiao Y Chen, Guan J Liu, Xue Y Shi
BACKGROUND: Perioperative hypertension requires careful management. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs) or angiotensin II type 1 receptor blockers (ARBs) have shown efficacy in treating hypertension associated with surgery. However, there is lack of consensus about whether they can prevent mortality and morbidity. OBJECTIVES: To systematically assess the benefits and harms of administration of ACEIs or ARBs perioperatively for the prevention of mortality and morbidity in adults (aged 18 years and above) undergoing any type of surgery under general anaesthesia...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26702342/ibuprofen-a-safe-analgesic-during-cardiac-surgery-recovery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Saddiq Mohammad Qazi, Eske Jesper Sindby, Martin Agge Nørgaard
INTRODUCTION: Postoperative pain-management with non-steroid anti-inflammatory drugs has been controversial, due to related side-effects. We investigated whether there was a significant difference between an oxycodone-based pain-management regimen versus a slow-release ibuprofen based regimen, in a short term post-cardiac surgery setting. Particular attention was given to the rate of myocardial infarction, sternal healing, gastro-intestinal complications, renal failure and all-cause mortality...
2015: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559305/risk-factors-for-long-term-mortality-and-progressive-chronic-kidney-disease-associated-with-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-surgery
#14
Jia-Rui Xu, Jia-Ming Zhu, Jun Jiang, Xiao-Qiang Ding, Yi Fang, Bo Shen, Zhong-Hua Liu, Jian-Zhou Zou, Lan Liu, Chun-Sheng Wang, Claudio Ronco, Hong Liu, Jie Teng
The aim of the study was to evaluate risk factors for long-term mortality and progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) after cardiac surgery in patients with normal preoperative renal function and postoperative acute kidney injury (AKI). From April 2009 to December 2012, we prospectively enrolled 3245 cardiac surgery patients of our hospital. The primary endpoints included survival rates and the secondary endpoint was the incidence of progressive chronic kidney disease (CKD) in a follow-up period of 2 years...
November 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26469260/-efficacy-of-early-surgical-strategy-for-active-infective-endocarditis
#15
Yoshiyuki Sato, Hirono Satokawa, Shinya Takase, Hiroki Wakamatsu, Hiroyuki Kurosawa, Yuki Seto, Akihito Kagoshima, Tsuyoshi Fujimiya, Hitoshi Yokoyama
UNLABELLED: The aim of study was to analyze the outcome of aggressive, early surgical intervention to active infective endocarditis (IE) complicated by acute congestive heart failure, uncontrollable infection and large, mobile vegetation and to evaluate the validity of current therapeutic strategy on it's long-term outcome. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively investigated surgical outcome of 51 patients who underwent surgical intervention to eradicate intra-cardiac infection and to reconstruct subsequent structural destruction due to active IE performed between 2002 and 2013...
November 2015: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26469259/-surgical-treatment-of-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-tips-of-complete-resection-of-infective-tissue-and-valve-replacement
#16
Yoshihito Irie, Shunichi Kondo, Eitoshi Tsuboi, Kyu Rokkaku, Hitoshi Nakanowatari, Hiroshi Takano, Hitoshi Yokoyama
Fifteen consecutive prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) patients were operated from March 2009 to September 2014. The average age of patients was 68 years ( range 49 to 82) and 7 patients were male. The interval between initial surgery and reoperation was 62.4 months(range 2.6 to 340.9). Seven of these cases(47%) developed PVE within the 1st year after surgery were defined as early PVE. All microorganisms isolated from blood cultures in early PVE were Staphylococcus species. Generally, the infective prosthetic valve was removed 1st, then all infective tissues were excised from the periannular cavity...
November 2015: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26443478/impact-of-diabetes-mellitus-on-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-undergoing-surgery
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Milap D Raikundalia, Christina H Fang, Eleonora F Spinazzi, Alejandro Vazquez, Richard Chan Park, Soly Baredes, Jean Anderson Eloy
OBJECTIVE: The impact of diabetes mellitus (DM) on surgical outcomes and cost of care for patients undergoing surgery for head and neck cancer (HNCA) is not well established. We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample to analyze the postoperative impact of DM on HNCA patients. STUDY DESIGN: Population-based inpatient registry analysis. SETTING: Academic medical center. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Discharge data from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample were analyzed for patients undergoing HNCA surgery from 2002 to 2010...
February 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26248729/changes-in-health-related-quality-of-life-in-older-patients-one-year-after-an-intensive-care-unit-stay
#18
Marie-Madlen Jeitziner, Sandra Mg Zwakhalen, Reto Bürgin, Virpi Hantikainen, Jan Ph Hamers
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study investigates health-related quality of life in older patients, over one year following an intensive care unit stay. BACKGROUND: Health-related quality of life is an important outcome when assessing long-term effectiveness of intensive care treatment, and to assist patients, their relatives and healthcare professionals in making treatment decisions. DESIGN: Prospective non-randomised longitudinal study. METHODS: The Short Form Health Survey 36 was administered 1 week after an intensive care stay (retrospective baseline), and after six months and 12 months to the study population and to an age-matched comparison group at recruitment (baseline), and after six months and 12 months...
November 2015: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26022723/severe-acute-kidney-injury-following-cardiac-surgery-short-term-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-continuous-renal-replacement-therapy-crrt
#19
Valentina Pistolesi, Anteo Di Napoli, Enrico Fiaccadori, Laura Zeppilli, Francesca Polistena, Maria Itala Sacco, Giuseppe Regolisti, Luigi Tritapepe, Alessandro Pierucci, Santo Morabito
BACKGROUND: Acute kidney injury (AKI) represents a major complication of cardiac surgery. Our aim was to evaluate, in patients undergoing continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) for cardiac surgery-associated AKI (CS-AKI), prognostic factors related to in-hospital survival and renal function recovery to independence from RRT. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis in patients with severe CS-AKI who underwent CRRT for at least 48 h. The sequential organ failure assessment (SOFA) score was calculated on a daily basis to evaluate illness severity throughout the intensive care unit (ICU) stay...
April 2016: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25949275/the-prevention-of-acute-kidney-injury-an-in-depth-narrative-review-part-2-drugs-in-the-prevention-of-acute-kidney-injury
#20
Norbert Lameire, Wim van Biesen, Eric Hoste, Raymond Vanholder
The second part of this in-depth clinical review focuses on drugs used in the prevention of AKI in the patient at risk and/or in the management of the patient with incipient AKI. Among the drugs used to maintain a normal renal perfusion pressure, norepinephrine and vasopressin are most commonly used in hypotensive critically ill patients. The most recent RCT did not find a difference between low-dose vasopressin plus norepinephrine and norepinephrine alone in patients with septic shock, suggesting that either approach is reasonable...
February 2009: NDT Plus
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