keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

insulin resistance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453960/implication-of-a-novel-gla-containing-protein-gas6-in-the-pathogenesis-of-insulin-resistance-impaired-glucose-homeostasis-and-inflammation-a-review
#1
REVIEW
Anjum Dihingia, Jatin Kalita, Prasenjit Manna
Growth arrest specific 6 (Gas6), a vitamin K-dependent protein plays a significant role in the regulation of cellular homeostasis via binding with TAM-receptor tyrosine kinases. Several studies reported the role of Gas6 in cancer, glomerular injury, obesity, and inflammation, however, very little is known about its role in insulin resistance (IR) and impaired glucose metabolism. Majority of the studies reported an inverse correlation of Gas6 protein levels or gene polymorphism with plasma glucose, HbA1c, IR, and inflammatory cytokines among type 2 diabetes (T2D) and obese subjects...
April 13, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453944/dietary-intake-and-cardiometabolic-biomarkers-in-relation-to-insulin-resistance-and-hypertension-in-a-middle-aged-and-elderly-population-in-beijing-china
#2
Jia Wang, Zhongxin Hong, Li Wu, Bingjie Ding, Yanxia Bi, Zhongyi Gu, Wei Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships of dietary intake and cardiometabolic biomarkers with insulin resistance and hypertension in rural middle-aged and elderly people in China. METHODS: One hundred and eight middle-aged and elderly adults were recruited in Zhangfang village in May 2014. We measured blood pressure, anthropometric parameters, and biochemical indexes, including high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hsCRP), soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), glucose, insulin, and blood lipids...
April 28, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449563/relationship-between-serum-bilirubin-levels-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-spectrum-disorders
#3
Filiz Karadag, Ceyhan Balci Sengul, Yasar Enli, Kamuran Karakulah, Huseyin Alacam, Bunyamin Kaptanoglu, Ozgur Kalkanci, Hasan Herken
Objective: We investigated the relationship between serum bilirubin levels and metabolic syndrome (MetS), and the longitudinal effects of baseline serum bilirubin concentrations on MetS in patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders undergoing atypical antipsychotics. Methods: The sample of this study consisted of 131 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Waist circumference, blood pressure, and levels of triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, fasting glucose, and insulin were evaluated at baseline and at month six...
May 31, 2017: Clinical Psychopharmacology and Neuroscience: the Official Scientific Journal of the Korean College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448764/mechanistic-insights-into-osteoporosis-in-patients-with-lipodystrophy-and-review-of-the-literature
#4
Lanhui Huang, Hong Shi, Xinli Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To demonstrate the underlying pathogenesis of osteoporosis occurring in patients with lipodystrophy. METHODS: MEDLINE was searched using the following key terms: lipodystrophy, osteoporosis and reduced bone mineral density. Additional studies were obtained from the bibliographies of reports and reviews above by manual search. RESULTS: Lipodystrophy is a very rare disease characterized by pathologic alterations in the distribution of adipose tissues in association with a diverse range of metabolic derangements such as hypertriglyceridemia, insulin resistance, diabetes and abnormal bone formation...
April 27, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448601/determinants-of-coronary-flow-reserve-in-non-diabetic-patients-with-chest-pain-without-myocardial-perfusion-defects
#5
Helena U Westergren, Erik Michaëlsson, Juuso I Blomster, Tasso Miliotis, Sara Svedlund, Li-Ming Gan
BACKGROUND: Microvascular dysfunction could be responsible for chest pain in patients without myocardial perfusion defects. We evaluated microvascular function using ultrasound-assessed coronary flow reserve (CFR) in patients with chest pain and normal myocardial perfusion scintigram. Secondly, we investigated association between cardiovascular parameters and decreased CFR in a sex specific manner. METHODS: A total of 202 (128 women) non-diabetic patients with chest pain and suspected myocardial ischemia, but without myocardial perfusion defects on myocardial perfusion scintigram, were enrolled and underwent CFR examination and blood sampling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448547/circulating-leptin-and-adiponectin-are-associated-with-insulin-resistance-in-healthy-postmenopausal-women-with-hot-flashes
#6
Wan-Yu Huang, Chia-Chu Chang, Dar-Ren Chen, Chew-Teng Kor, Ting-Yu Chen, Hung-Ming Wu
INTRODUCTION: Hot flashes have been postulated to be linked to the development of metabolic disorders. This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between hot flashes, adipocyte-derived hormones, and insulin resistance in healthy, non-obese postmenopausal women. PARTICIPANTS AND DESIGN: In this cross-sectional study, a total of 151 women aged 45-60 years were stratified into one of three groups according to hot-flash status over the past three months: never experienced hot flashes (Group N), mild-to-moderate hot flashes (Group M), and severe hot flashes (Group S)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448277/long-term-consequences-of-obesity-on-female-fertility-and-the-health-of-the-offspring
#7
Suchitra Chandrasekaran, Genevieve Neal-Perry
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity has reached near epidemic levels among reproductive age women with a myriad of consequences. Obesity adversely affects the maternal milieu by creating conditions that decrease fertility and increase the risk of gestational diabetes, hypertensive disease in pregnancy, fetal growth abnormalities and congenital anomalies. The effects of obesity are not limited to pregnancy. Indeed, beyond the immediate postpartum period, obese women maintain a higher prevalence of insulin resistance and cardiovascular disease...
April 26, 2017: Current Opinion in Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447763/berberine-protects-against-diet-induced-obesity-through-regulating-metabolic-endotoxemia-and-gut-hormone-levels
#8
Jian Hui Xu, Xing Zhen Liu, Wei Pan, Da Jin Zou
Systemic inflammation, which can be induced by metabolic endotoxemia, and corresponding high‑fat diet‑mediated metabolic disorders are associated with gut microbiota. In the present study reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction, immunofluorescence, pyrosequencing, ELISA and Oil Red O staining were performed to assess whether berberine can protect against diet-induced obesity, through modulating the gut microbiota and consequently improving metabolic endotoxemia and gastrointestinal hormone levels...
March 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447735/mice-endometrium-receptivity-in-early-pregnancy-is-impaired-by-maternal-hyperinsulinemia
#9
Runqin Li, Juan Wu, Junlin He, Yingxiong Wang, Xueqing Liu, Xuemei Chen, Chao Tong, Yubin Ding, Yan Su, Wenqi Chen, Chen Zhang, Rufei Gao
Previous studies have investigated the lower embryo implantation rates in women with polycystic ovary syndrome, obesity and type 2 diabetes, and specifically the association between the abnormal oocyte and embryo and hyperinsulinemia. The importance of hyperinsulinemia on maternal endometrium receptivity remains to be elucidated. The present study used a hyperinsulinemic mouse model to determine whether hyperinsulinemia may affect endometrial receptivity. An insulin intervention mouse model was first established...
March 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447730/pioglitazone-ameliorates-a%C3%AE-42-deposition-in-rats-with-diet-induced-insulin-resistance-associated-with-akt-gsk3%C3%AE-activation
#10
Sisi Yang, Zhe Chen, Ming Cao, Renjie Li, Zhigang Wang, Muxun Zhang
Pioglitazone may have potential benefits as an alternative therapeutic treatment for patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD), particularly in individuals that also have comorbid diabetes; however, the mechanisms of action remain unclear. The present study aimed to explore the effects of pioglitazone on amyloid β, isoform 42 (Aβ42) deposition in rats with diet‑induced insulin resistance (IR). Diet‑induced IR model rats were established in the presence or absence of pioglitazone. Plasma glucose and insulin levels, and cerebrospinal fluid insulin levels were measured; in addition, hippocampal tissues were collected for immunohistochemical analysis of Aβ42 expression...
March 16, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447569/a-new-treatment-strategy-for-parkinson-s-disease-through-the-gut-brain-axis-the-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-pathway
#11
Dong Seok Kim, Ho-Il Choi, Yun Wang, Yu Luo, Barry J Hoffer, Nigel H Greig
Molecular communications in the gut-brain axis, between the central nervous system and the gastrointestinal tract, arecritical for maintaining healthy brain function particularly in aging. Epidemiological analyses indicate type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a risk factor for neurodegenerative disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson's diseases (PD) for which aging shows a major correlative association. Common pathophysiological features exist between T2DM, AD and PD, including oxidative stress, inflammation, insulin resistance, abnormal protein processing and cognitive decline, and suggest that effective drugs for T2DM that positively impact the gut-brain axis could provide an effective treatment option for neurodegenerative diseases...
April 26, 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447436/role-of-no-vasp-signaling-pathway-against-obesity-related-inflammation-and-insulin-resistance
#12
REVIEW
Yu Mi Kang, Francis Kim, Woo Je Lee
Obesity has quickly become a worldwide pandemic, causing major adverse health outcomes such as dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular disease and cancers. Obesity-induced insulin resistance is the key for developing these metabolic disorders, and investigation to understand the molecular mechanisms involved has been vibrant for the past few decades. Of these, low-grade chronic inflammation is suggested as a critical concept in the development of obesity-induced insulin resistance, and the anti-inflammatory effect of nitric oxide (NO) signaling has been reported to be linked to improvement of insulin resistance in multiple organs involved in glucose metabolism...
April 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447314/inhibition-of-the-insulin-like-growth-factor-1-receptor-potentiates-acute-effects-of-castration-in-a-rat-model-for-prostate-cancer-growth-in-bone
#13
Annika Nordstrand, Sofia Halin Bergström, Elin Thysell, Erik Bovinder-Ylitalo, Ulf H Lerner, Anders Widmark, Anders Bergh, Pernilla Wikström
Prostate cancer (PCa) patients with bone metastases are primarily treated with androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). Less pronounced ADT effects are seen in metastases than in primary tumors. To test if acute effects of ADT was enhanced by concurrent inhibition of pro-survival insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1), rats were inoculated with Dunning R3327-G tumor cells into the tibial bone marrow cavity and established tumors were treated with castration in combination with IGF-1 receptor (IGF-1R) inhibitor NVP-AEW541, or by each treatment alone...
April 26, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Metastasis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447068/microrna-21-is-up-regulated-in-adipose-tissue-of-obese-diabetic-subjects
#14
Valeria Guglielmi, Monica D'Adamo, Rossella Menghini, Marina Cardellini, Paolo Gentileschi, Massimo Federici, Paolo Sbraccia
We investigated miR21 expression in omental (OAT) and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) from 16 obese subjects undergoing bariatric surgery. Patients were divided into two age- and BMI-matched groups according to the presence of type 2 diabetes (T2D). miR21 was not differently expressed in OAT and SAT. However, miR21 expression was two folds greater in adipose tissue in patients with T2D. Accordingly, in primary cultures of adipocytes from non diabetic overweight subjects, miR21 expression increased after 24-h exposure to high glucose and insulin...
March 31, 2017: Nutrition and Healthy Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446149/effect-of-genetic-variants-and-traits-related-to-glucose-metabolism-and-their-interaction-with-obesity-on-breast-and-colorectal-cancer-risk-among-postmenopausal-women
#15
Su Yon Jung, Eric M Sobel, Jeanette C Papp, Zuo-Feng Zhang
BACKGROUND: Impaired glucose metabolism-related genetic variants and traits likely interact with obesity and related lifestyle factors, influencing postmenopausal breast and colorectal cancer (CRC), but their interconnected pathways are not fully understood. By stratifying via obesity and lifestyles, we partitioned the total effect of glucose metabolism genetic variants on cancer risk into two putative mechanisms: 1) indirect (risk-associated glucose metabolism genetic variants mediated by glucose metabolism traits) and 2) direct (risk-associated glucose metabolism genetic variants through pathways other than glucose metabolism traits) effects...
April 26, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445520/serum-irisin-levels-correlated-to-peritoneal-dialysis-adequacy-in-nondiabetic-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#16
Zhijun Tan, Zengchun Ye, Jun Zhang, Yanru Chen, Cailian Cheng, Cheng Wang, Xun Liu, Tanqi Lou, Hui Peng
BACKGROUND: Irisin is a recently discovered myokine thought to be involved in multiple metabolism abnormalities in most dialysis patients. However, the myokine has not been thoroughly studied in peritoneal dialysis. This study aimed to evaluate serum irisin levels and establish their relation to dialysis adequacy, insulin resistance, and bone metabolism status in patients on peritoneal dialysis. METHODS: A total of 59 nondiabetic prevalent peritoneal dialysis patients and 52 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled in this cross-sectional study...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445389/fructose-glucocorticoids-and-adipose-tissue-implications-for-the-metabolic-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Balázs Legeza, Paola Marcolongo, Alessandra Gamberucci, Viola Varga, Gábor Bánhegyi, Angiolo Benedetti, Alex Odermatt
The modern Western society lifestyle is characterized by a hyperenergetic, high sugar containing food intake. Sugar intake increased dramatically during the last few decades, due to the excessive consumption of high-sugar drinks and high-fructose corn syrup. Current evidence suggests that high fructose intake when combined with overeating and adiposity promotes adverse metabolic health effects including dyslipidemia, insulin resistance, type II diabetes, and inflammation. Similarly, elevated glucocorticoid levels, especially the enhanced generation of active glucocorticoids in the adipose tissue due to increased 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase 1 (11β-HSD1) activity, have been associated with metabolic diseases...
April 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445310/diagnostic-accuracy-of-serum-alanine-aminotransferase-as-biomarker-for-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-and-insulin-resistance-in-healthy-subjects-using-3t-mr-spectroscopy
#18
Jose Luis Martin-Rodriguez, Jorge Gonzalez-Cantero, Alvaro Gonzalez-Cantero, Juan Pedro Arrebola, Jorge Luis Gonzalez-Calvin
Recognition of the close relationship of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) with diabetes mellitus 2, obesity, metabolic syndrome, and cardiovascular disease has stimulated growing interest in NAFLD as a public health problem. Serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) has been proposed as a marker of NAFLD, but levels are within the range currently considered "normal" in a large proportion of NAFLD subjects.The aim of the study was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of serum ALT for identifying individuals with NAFLD, using 3-Tesla (T) magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-MRS)...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443804/25-oh-d-levels-in-relation-to-gender-overweight-insulin-resistance-and-inflammation-in-a-cross-sectional-cohort-of-northern-italian-workers-evidence-in-support-of-preventive-health-care-programs
#19
Luisella Vigna, Letizia Cassinelli, Amedea Silvia Tirelli, Irene Felicetta, Filomena Napolitano, Laura Tomaino, Michela Mutti, Claudia Eleonora Barberi, Luciano Riboldi
OBJECTIVE: In recent years, the welfare of workers and the prevention of chronic disabling diseases has become a topic of great interest. This study investigates serum levels of total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in a cohort of overweight-obese and insulin-resistant northern Italian indoor workers in apparent good health followed a nutritional education program. METHODS: An observational cross-sectional study on 385 patients (females = 291, males = 94), age range 18-69 years and body mass index (BMI) > 25 kg/m(2), was performed at the Department of Occupational Medicine Milan, Italy, latitude 45...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443718/crosstalk-between-bone-and-fat-tissue-associations-between-vitamin-d-osteocalcin-adipokines-and-markers-of-glucose-metabolism-among-adolescents
#20
Kelly Virecoulon Giudici, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Lobo Marchioni, Bárbara Santarosa Emo Peters, Lígia Araújo Martini
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D), osteocalcin, markers of glucose metabolism, and obesity-related parameters among adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study with 198 adolescents age 14-18 years. Weight, height, and waist and hip circumferences were measured, as well as the following biochemical parameters: serum 25(OH)D, parathyroid hormone (PTH), total (tOC) and undercarboxylated (ucOC) osteocalcin, adiponectin, leptin, glucose, and insulin...
April 26, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
keyword
keyword
889
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"