keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

1148

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933974/the-influence-of-unilateral-oophorectomy-on-the-age-of-menopause
#1
M Rosendahl, M K Simonsen, J J Kjer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the age of menopause after premenopausal unilateral oophorectomy (UO) and to establish whether UO at a young age leads to menopause at a younger age than if UO occurs at an older age. METHODS: A cohort of 28 731 women, of whom 17 781 (62%) were menopausal, was investigated. Information on menopause was obtained from self-reported questionnaires. Surgical data were obtained from the National Patient Register to avoid recollection bias...
September 21, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923008/an-eleven-year-retrospective-hospital-based-study-of-epidemiological-data-regarding-human-strongyloidiasis-in-northeast-thailand
#2
Thidarat K Prasongdee, Pokkamol Laoraksawong, Wanida Kanarkard, Ratthaphol Kraiklang, Kraisit Sathapornworachai, Sureeporn Naonongwai, Porntip Laummaunwai, Oranuch Sanpool, Pewpan M Intapan, Wanchai Maleewong
BACKGROUND: Human strongyloidiasis is a chronic and persistent gastrointestinal disease caused by infection with soil-transmitted helminths of the genus Strongyloides. The aim of this research was to obtain diagnostic prevalence regarding strongyloidiasis in northeast Thailand through a hospital-based study. METHODS: Patients' demographic data and the results of stool examinations conducted using the formalin ethyl acetate concentration technique were collected from the parasitology laboratory records at Srinagarind Hospital in Khon Kaen, Thailand...
September 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917538/identification-of-ibv-qx-vaccine-markers-should-vaccine-acceptance-by-authorities-require-similar-identifications-for-all-live-ibv-vaccines
#3
Valeria Listorti, Andrea Laconi, Elena Catelli, Mattia Cecchinato, Caterina Lupini, Clive J Naylor
IBV genotype QX causes sufficient disease in Europe for several commercial companies to have started developing live attenuated vaccines. Here, one of those vaccines (L1148) was fully consensus sequenced alongside its progenitor field strain (1148-A) to determine vaccine markers, thereby enabling detection on farms. Twenty-eight single nucleotide substitutions were associated with the 1148-A attenuation, of which any combination can identify vaccine L1148 in the field. Sixteen substitutions resulted in amino acid coding changes of which half were in spike...
September 13, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890353/identifying-principles-for-effective-messages-about-chemicals-in-cigarette-smoke
#4
Seth M Noar, Dannielle E Kelley, Marcella H Boynton, Jennifer C Morgan, Marissa G Hall, Jennifer R Mendel, Kurt M Ribisl, Noel T Brewer
US law requires the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to disclose information on harmful and potentially harmful chemicals in cigarette smoke (i.e., constituents) to the public. To inform this effort, we sought to identify principles for creating constituent messages that effectively discourage smoking. Participants were an online convenience sample of 1148 US smokers ages 18+. We developed a library of 76 messages about constituents only and constituents plus contextualizing information (i.e., toxic products that also contain the chemical, health effects, or both)...
September 7, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853212/tissue-glycomics-distinguish-tumour-sites-in-women-with-advanced-serous-adenocarcinoma
#5
Merrina Anugraham, Francis Jacob, Arun Vijay Everest-Dass, Andreas Schoetzau, Sheri Nixdorf, Neville F Hacker, Daniel Fink, Viola Heinzelmann-Schwarz, Nicolle H Packer
In the era of precision medicine, the tailoring of cancer treatment is increasingly important as we transition from organ-based diagnosis towards a more comprehensive and patient-centric molecular diagnosis. This is particularly the case for high-grade serous adenocarcinomas of the ovary and peritoneum, which are commonly diagnosed at an advanced stage, and collectively treated and managed similarly. We characterized the N- and O- glycome of serous ovarian (OC) and peritoneal cancer (PC) tissues using PGC-LC-ESI-IT-MS/MS profiling and validated the discriminatory glycans and their corresponding glyco-gene expression levels using cell lines and transcriptomic data from 232 patients...
August 29, 2017: Molecular Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834070/patient-navigation-for-patients-frequently-visiting-the-emergency-department-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
David Seaberg, Stanton Elseroad, Michael Dumas, Sudave Mendiratta, Jessica Whittle, Cheryl Hyatte, Jan Keys
BACKGROUND: ED super-utilizers (patients with 5 or more visits/year) comprise only 5% of the patients seen yet comprise 25% of total ED visits. Though the reasons for this are multifactorial, the cost to the patient and the community is exceedingly high. The cost is not just monetary; care of these patients is inappropriately fragmented and their presence in the ED may contribute to overcrowding affecting the community's emergency readiness. Previous studies using staff trained to help patients navigate their care options have had conflicting results...
August 21, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793003/complete-axillary-dissection-without-drainage-for-the-surgical-treatment-of-breast-cancer-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Ruffo Freitas-Junior, Luís Fernando Jubé Ribeiro, Marise Amaral Rebouças Moreira, Geraldo Silva Queiroz, Maurício Duarte Esperidião, Marco Aurélio Costa Silva, Rubens José Pereira, Rossana Araújo Catão Zampronha, Rosemar Macedo Sousa Rahal, Leonardo Ribeiro Soares, Danielle Laperche Dos Santos, Maria Virginia Thomazini, Cassiana Ferreira Silva de Faria, Régis Resende Paulinelli
OBJECTIVE: This randomized clinical trial evaluated the possibility of not draining the axilla following axillary dissection. METHODS: The study included 240 breast cancer patients who underwent axillary dissection as part of conservative treatment. The patients were divided into two groups depending on whether or not they were subjected to axillary drainage. ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01267552. RESULTS: The median volume of fluid aspirated was significantly lower in the axillary drainage group (0...
July 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783821/maintenance-of-certification-and-texas-sb-1148-a-threat-to-professional-self-regulation
#8
David H Johnson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 22, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731372/exploring-the-effect-of-vitamin-d3-supplementation-on-the-anti-ebv-antibody-response-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis
#9
Linda Rolf, Anne-Hilde Muris, Amandine Mathias, Renaud Du Pasquier, Inga Koneczny, Giulio Disanto, Jens Kuhle, Sreeram Ramagopalan, Jan Damoiseaux, Joost Smolders, Raymond Hupperts
BACKGROUND: Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection and vitamin D insufficiency are potentially interacting risk factors for multiple sclerosis (MS). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of high-dose vitamin D3 supplements on antibody levels against the EBV nuclear antigen-1 (EBNA-1) in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and to explore any underlying mechanism affecting anti-EBNA-1 antibody levels. METHODS: This study utilized blood samples from a randomized controlled trial in RRMS patients receiving either vitamin D3 (14,000 IU/day; n = 30) or placebo ( n = 23) over 48 weeks...
July 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722669/hydroxychloroquine-and-risk-of-cancer-in-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-propensity-score-matched-landmark-analysis
#10
Yao-Fan Fang, Yen-Fu Chen, Ting-Ting Chung, Lai-Chu See, Kuang-Hui Yu, Shue-Fen Luo, Chang-Fu Kuo, Jenn-Haung Lai
Hydroxychloroquine inhibits systemic inflammation and autophagy and may thus have antineoplastic effects [1]. We investigated the effect of hydroxychloroquine on cancer risk in patients with primary Sjögren syndrome(pSS). We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database to compare cancer incidence between incident pSS patients with or without at least 6-month hydroxychloroquine use within a 1- or 3-year period. Propensity score matched landmark analysis was used. We included 4194 alive patients without cancer 1 year after pSS diagnosis from 2000 through 2005...
July 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714331/-hand-hygiene-technique-assessment-using-electronic-equipment-in-26-hungarian-healthcare-institutions
#11
Ákos Lehotsky, Júlia Morvai, László Szilágyi, Száva Bánsághi, Alíz Benkó, Tamás Haidegger
INTRODUCTION: Hand hygiene is probably the most effective tool of nosocomial infection prevention, however, proper feedback and control is needed to develop the individual hand hygiene practice. AIM: Assessing the efficiency of modern education tools, and digital demonstration and verification equipment during their wide-range deployment. METHOD: 1269 healthcare workers took part in a training organized by our team. The training included the assessment of the participants' hand hygiene technique to identify the most often missed areas...
July 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708490/effect-of-season-and-age-on-indian-red-jungle-fowl-gallus-gallus-murghi-semen-characteristics-a-4-year-retrospective-study
#12
B A Rakha, M S Ansari, S Akhter, E Blesbois
The reproductive potential of the adult males is expected to vary with age/season and largely differ not only in closely related avian species but even in subspecies, breeds and/or strains of the same species. Thus, it is pre-requisite to have knowledge of seminal parameters to achieve maximum production potential of at-risk species for ex situ in vitro conservation programs. A 4-year study was designed to evaluate the effect of age and season (spring, summer, autumn and winter) on semen characteristics of Indian red jungle fowl (Gallus gallus murghi) in a retrospective manner...
May 24, 2017: Theriogenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697021/injuries-sustained-during-contact-with-law-enforcement-an-analysis-from-us-trauma-centers
#13
Morgan Schellenberg, Kenji Inaba, Jayun Cho, James M Tatum, Galinos Barmparas, Aaron Strumwasser, Daniel Grabo, Cynthia Bir, Alexander Eastman, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Injuries sustained by civilians from interaction with police are a polarizing contemporary sociopolitical issue. Few comprehensive studies have been published using national hospital-based data. The aim of this study was to examine the epidemiology of these injuries to better understand this mechanism of injury. METHODS: Patients entered into the NTDB (01/2007 - 12/2012) with E-codes E970.0-E976.0 (ICD-9-CM), identifying injuries associated with law enforcement in the course of legal action, were enrolled...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691436/viral-kinetics-in-untreated-versus-treated-acute-hiv-infection-in-prospective-cohort-studies-in-thailand
#14
Jintanat Ananworanich, Leigh Anne Eller, Suteeraporn Pinyakorn, Eugene Kroon, Somchai Sriplenchan, James Lk Fletcher, Duanghathai Suttichom, Christopher Bryant, Rapee Trichavaroj, Peter Dawson, Nelson Michael, Nittaya Phanuphak, Merlin L Robb
INTRODUCTION: The extent of viral replication during acute HIV infection (AHI) influences HIV disease progression. However, information comparing viral load (VL) kinetics with and without antiretroviral therapy (ART) in AHI is limited. The knowledge gained could inform preventive strategies aimed at reducing VL during AHI and therapeutic strategies to alter the viral kinetics that may enhance the likelihood of achieving HIV remission. METHODS: The analysis utilized VL data captured during the first year of HIV infection from two studies in Thailand: the RV217 study (untreated AHI, 30 participants and 412 visits) and the RV254 study (treated AHI, 235 participants and 2803 visits)...
June 26, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681313/an-independent-survival-prognostic-role-for-human-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-2-in-gastric-cancer-evidence-from-a-meta-analysis
#15
Y Wang, L He, Y Cheng
BACKGROUND: Some studies have suggested that human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) positive is associated with poor outcomes in gastric cancer (GC), whereas another inconsistent studies make the situation confused. This meta-analysis was performed to determine whether HER2 played an independent prognostic role in clinicopathological characteristics and survival outcomes of GC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Combination of GC and human epidermal growth factor 2 or HER2 or HER2/neu or erbB-2 or cerbB-2 or c-erbB2 or CD340 or p185 were used as key words...
July 5, 2017: Clinical & Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639121/montelukast-use-a-19-year-nationwide-drug-utilisation-study
#16
Daniel Pilsgaard Henriksen, Jesper Rømhild Davidsen, Christian B Laursen, Anders Christiansen, Per Damkier, Jesper Hallas, Anton Pottegård
PURPOSE: Montelukast is a leukotriene receptor antagonist used in asthma and rhinitis treatment. Despite being marketed nearly two decades ago, little is known about its utilisation pattern. METHODS: Using the Danish National Prescription Registry, we identified subjects filling a montelukast prescription between 1998 and 2017. Using descriptive statistics, we reported the development in incidence, and prevalence, as well as a measure of treatment duration, and concomitant use of asthma- or anti-allergic therapy...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598044/a-study-of-prehospital-delay-patterns-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-an-urban-tertiary-care-institute-in-mumbai
#17
Ashar Khan, Milind Phadke, Yash Y Lokhandwala, Pratap J Nathani
OBJECTIVE: There is now increasing awareness about the need for early diagnosis in patients presenting with chest pain. Pre-hospital delay remains a major hurdle in the institution of early reperfusion therapy, which is crucial in salvaging 'at-risk' myocardium and reducing adverse cardiovascular events following ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study aims to determine the incidence and the determinants of delayed presentation STEMI and the potential impact of such delay on adverse cardiovascular outcomes...
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591788/electronic-cigarette-a-longitudinal-study-of-regular-vapers
#18
Jean-François Etter
Introduction.: It is unclear how vaping behaviour changes over time in regular vapers, and what occurs when vapers relapse to smoking or when they stop vaping. We assessed change in vaping and smoking behaviours over 12 months in regular vapers. Methods.: A longitudinal study of 3868 regular vapers enrolled on the Internet in 2012-2015 ("baseline"), followed after one (n=1631, 42%), three (n=1337, 35%), six (n=1148, 30%) and 12 months (n=893, 23%). Results...
June 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587073/epidemiological-features-and-forecast-model-analysis-for-the-morbidity-of-influenza-in-ningbo-china-2006-2014
#19
Chunli Wang, Yongdong Li, Wei Feng, Kui Liu, Shu Zhang, Fengjiao Hu, Suli Jiao, Xuying Lao, Hongxia Ni, Guozhang Xu
This study aimed to identify circulating influenza virus strains and vulnerable population groups and investigate the distribution and seasonality of influenza viruses in Ningbo, China. Then, an autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model for prediction was established. Influenza surveillance data for 2006-2014 were obtained for cases of influenza-like illness (ILI) (n = 129,528) from the municipal Centers for Disease Control and virus surveillance systems of Ningbo, China. The ARIMA model was proposed to predict the expected morbidity cases from January 2015 to December 2015...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550355/coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-using-128-slice-dual-source-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-severe-calcification
#20
Suguru Sato, Yosuke Horii, Norihiko Yoshimura, Takuya Yagi, Hidefumi Aoyama
PURPOSE: To compare coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) and coronary angiography (CAG) with regard to luminal graphic definition of calcified segments using 128-slice dual-source computed tomography (DSCT), specifically for patients with an Agatston score >400. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 1148 consecutive patients who underwent coronary CTA using a 128-slice DSCT, 132 subjects had severe calcification with an Agatston score >400. Thirty-nine of the 132 patients who had undergone CAG within 3 months before or after coronary CTA were included...
August 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
keyword
keyword
88895
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"