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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639121/montelukast-use-a-19-year-nationwide-drug-utilisation-study
#1
Daniel Pilsgaard Henriksen, Jesper Rømhild Davidsen, Christian B Laursen, Anders Christiansen, Per Damkier, Jesper Hallas, Anton Pottegård
PURPOSE: Montelukast is a leukotriene receptor antagonist used in asthma and rhinitis treatment. Despite being marketed nearly two decades ago, little is known about its utilisation pattern. METHODS: Using the Danish National Prescription Registry, we identified subjects filling a montelukast prescription between 1998 and 2017. Using descriptive statistics, we reported the development in incidence, and prevalence, as well as a measure of treatment duration, and concomitant use of asthma- or anti-allergic therapy...
June 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598044/a-study-of-prehospital-delay-patterns-in-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-an-urban-tertiary-care-institute-in-mumbai
#2
Ashar Khan, Milind Phadke, Yash Y Lokhandwala, Pratap J Nathani
OBJECTIVE: There is now increasing awareness about the need for early diagnosis in patients presenting with chest pain. Pre-hospital delay remains a major hurdle in the institution of early reperfusion therapy, which is crucial in salvaging 'at-risk' myocardium and reducing adverse cardiovascular events following ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). This study aims to determine the incidence and the determinants of delayed presentation STEMI and the potential impact of such delay on adverse cardiovascular outcomes...
May 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591788/electronic-cigarette-a-longitudinal-study-of-regular-vapers
#3
Jean-François Etter
Introduction.: It is unclear how vaping behaviour changes over time in regular vapers, and what occurs when vapers relapse to smoking or when they stop vaping. We assessed change in vaping and smoking behaviours over 12 months in regular vapers. Methods.: A longitudinal study of 3868 regular vapers enrolled on the Internet in 2012-2015 ("baseline"), followed after one (n=1631, 42%), three (n=1337, 35%), six (n=1148, 30%) and 12 months (n=893, 23%). Results...
June 7, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587073/epidemiological-features-and-forecast-model-analysis-for-the-morbidity-of-influenza-in-ningbo-china-2006-2014
#4
Chunli Wang, Yongdong Li, Wei Feng, Kui Liu, Shu Zhang, Fengjiao Hu, Suli Jiao, Xuying Lao, Hongxia Ni, Guozhang Xu
This study aimed to identify circulating influenza virus strains and vulnerable population groups and investigate the distribution and seasonality of influenza viruses in Ningbo, China. Then, an autoregressive integrated moving average (ARIMA) model for prediction was established. Influenza surveillance data for 2006-2014 were obtained for cases of influenza-like illness (ILI) (n = 129,528) from the municipal Centers for Disease Control and virus surveillance systems of Ningbo, China. The ARIMA model was proposed to predict the expected morbidity cases from January 2015 to December 2015...
May 25, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550355/coronary-computed-tomography-angiography-using-128-slice-dual-source-computed-tomography-in-patients-with-severe-calcification
#5
Suguru Sato, Yosuke Horii, Norihiko Yoshimura, Takuya Yagi, Hidefumi Aoyama
PURPOSE: To compare coronary computed tomography angiography (CTA) and coronary angiography (CAG) with regard to luminal graphic definition of calcified segments using 128-slice dual-source computed tomography (DSCT), specifically for patients with an Agatston score >400. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Of 1148 consecutive patients who underwent coronary CTA using a 128-slice DSCT, 132 subjects had severe calcification with an Agatston score >400. Thirty-nine of the 132 patients who had undergone CAG within 3 months before or after coronary CTA were included...
May 26, 2017: Japanese Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513137/hierarchical-porous-carbon-doped-with-iron-nitrogen-sulfur-for-efficient-oxygen-reduction-reaction
#6
Issa Kone, Ao Xie, Yang Tang, Yu Chen, Jia Liu, Yongmei Chen, Yanzhi Sun, Xiaojin Yang, Pingyu Wan
Hierarchical porous Fe/N/S-doped carbon with a high content of graphitic nitrogen (FeNS/HPC) has been successfully synthesized by a facile dual-template method. FeNS/HPC shows not only macropores resulting from the dissolution of the SiO2 template, but abundant mesopores were also obtained after removing the in situ generated Fe2O3 nanoparticles on the ultrathin (∼4 nm) carbon shell of the macropores. Moreover, micropores are produced during the thermal pyrolysis of the carbon precursors. With respect to the electrochemical performance in the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR), FeNS/HPC not only exceeds other prepared porous carbon materials completely but also shows higher onset potential (0...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28467747/splenomegaly-in-small-breed-dogs-45-cases-2005-2011
#7
Erin E Corbin, Ryan P Cavanaugh, Pamela Schwartz, Katherine I Zawadzki, Taryn Donovan
OBJECTIVE To assess causes of splenomegaly and postsurgical outcomes in small-breed (ie, < 16-kg [< 35.2-lb]) dogs that underwent splenectomy and evaluate associations among malignant disease, hemoperitoneum, and survival time in these patients. DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 45 client-owned dogs. PROCEDURES Medical records of 2 veterinary facilities were reviewed to identify small-breed dogs that underwent splenectomy and had a histologic diagnosis recorded. Data analyzed included signalment, diagnosis, presence or absence of hemoperitoneum, and survival time...
May 15, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432684/characterization-of-interactions-of-metal-containing-nanoparticles-with-biomolecules-by-ce-an-update-2012-2016
#8
REVIEW
Svetlana S Aleksenko, Magdalena Matczuk, Andrei R Timerbaev
The methodological developments and applications of CE related to studying biotransformations of metal-based nanoscale particles of impending medicinal use are overviewed. This is an update to a previous review article (Aleksenko, S. S., Shmykov, A. Y., Oszwałdowski, S., Timerbaev, A. R., Metallomics 2012, 4, 1141-1148) and it covers the research papers published within the last five years. As was anticipated in that review, CE can now be seen as a customary technique in the analysis of biomolecular interactions that exert an impact on the mechanism of action of nanoparticles, comprising metabolism, delivery, cell processing, and targeting...
April 22, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427189/identifying-biomarkers-of-papillary-renal-cell-carcinoma-associated-with-pathological-stage-by-weighted-gene-co-expression-network-analysis
#9
Zhongshi He, Min Sun, Yuan Ke, Rongjie Lin, Youde Xiao, Shuliang Zhou, Hong Zhao, Yan Wang, Fuxiang Zhou, Yunfeng Zhou
Although papillary renal cell carcinoma (PRCC) accounts for 10%-15% of renal cell carcinoma (RCC), no predictive molecular biomarker is currently applicable to guiding disease stage of PRCC patients. The mRNASeq data of PRCC and adjacent normal tissue in The Cancer Genome Atlas was analyzed to identify 1148 differentially expressed genes, on which weighted gene co-expression network analysis was performed. Then 11 co-expressed gene modules were identified. The highest association was found between blue module and pathological stage (r = 0...
April 25, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350120/cross-validation-of-genes-potentially-associated-with-overall-survival-and-drug-resistance-in-ovarian-cancer
#10
Yutao Gao, Xia Liu, Ting Li, Luwei Wei, Antai Yang, Yi Lu, Jian Zhang, Li Li, Sumei Wang, Fuqiang Yin
Ovarian cancer is the leading cause of death among malignancies of the female reproductive system. The 5-year survival rates of ovarian cancer (OC) patients are very poor as a result of recurrent disease and emergence of drug resistance; thus, studies to find predictive markers and factors for drug resistance are ongoing. In the present study, based on the microarrays from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), and the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) profiles covering 1648 OC patients, 11 out of 136 genes that were found to be significantly dysregulated in OC were associated with overall survival (OS) in 489 OC patients of the TCGA cohort...
May 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317722/susceptibility-of-dry-cured-tuna-to-oxidative-deterioration-and-biogenic-amines-generation-i-effect-of-nacl-content-antioxidant-type-and-ageing
#11
L C Roseiro, C Santos, H Gonçalves, C Serrano, C Aleixo, A Partidário, A R Lourenço, M Abreu Dias, D J B da Ponte
This study aimed to assess lipid oxidation and biogenic amine (BA) development in "muxama", a dry-cured tuna muscle product, as affected by salt content, antioxidant type and ageing time. Overall, BA contents decreased with NaCl level (2785.1mgkg(-1), 1148.1mgkg(-1) and 307.7mgkg(-1)) and increased with ageing time (366.2mgkg(-1), 1711.8mgkg(-1) and 2959.2mgkg(-1) in the final product (T0), and after 1 (T1) and 3 (T3) months of ageing, respectively). Regardless of the test conditions, the most concentrated BA was always tyramine...
August 1, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317458/use-of-the-instantaneous-wave-free-ratio-or-fractional-flow-reserve-in-pci
#12
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Justin E Davies, Sayan Sen, Hakim-Moulay Dehbi, Rasha Al-Lamee, Ricardo Petraco, Sukhjinder S Nijjer, Ravinay Bhindi, Sam J Lehman, Darren Walters, James Sapontis, Luc Janssens, Christiaan J Vrints, Ahmed Khashaba, Mika Laine, Eric Van Belle, Florian Krackhardt, Waldemar Bojara, Olaf Going, Tobias Härle, Ciro Indolfi, Giampaolo Niccoli, Flavo Ribichini, Nobuhiro Tanaka, Hiroyoshi Yokoi, Hiroaki Takashima, Yuetsu Kikuta, Andrejs Erglis, Hugo Vinhas, Pedro Canas Silva, Sérgio B Baptista, Ali Alghamdi, Farrel Hellig, Bon-Kwon Koo, Chang-Wook Nam, Eun-Seok Shin, Joon-Hyung Doh, Salvatore Brugaletta, Eduardo Alegria-Barrero, Martijin Meuwissen, Jan J Piek, Niels van Royen, Murat Sezer, Carlo Di Mario, Robert T Gerber, Iqbal S Malik, Andrew S P Sharp, Suneel Talwar, Kare Tang, Habib Samady, John Altman, Arnold H Seto, Jasvindar Singh, Allen Jeremias, Hitoshi Matsuo, Rajesh K Kharbanda, Manesh R Patel, Patrick Serruys, Javier Escaned
BACKGROUND: Coronary revascularization guided by fractional flow reserve (FFR) is associated with better patient outcomes after the procedure than revascularization guided by angiography alone. It is unknown whether the instantaneous wave-free ratio (iFR), an alternative measure that does not require the administration of adenosine, will offer benefits similar to those of FFR. METHODS: We randomly assigned 2492 patients with coronary artery disease, in a 1:1 ratio, to undergo either iFR-guided or FFR-guided coronary revascularization...
May 11, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248027/-choosing-treatment-for-patients-with-bladder-cancer-combined-with-prostatic-hyperplasia
#13
P V Glybochko, Yu G Alyaev, A M Pshikhachev, N I Sorokin, A M Dymov
AIM: To define treatment selection criteria for patients with bladder cancer combined with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 2006 and 2015, 1148 patients were treated for bladder cancer and 3368 patients for BPH. Among them, 258 (22.5%) patients had both bladder cancer and BPH. 113 (11.6%) patients had indications for surgical treatment of both diseases. In this group, 18 (13.5%) patients also had bladder stones. Only 2 (1.6%) patients had tumor invading the muscle wall, while the remaining patients had non-muscle invasive bladder cancer...
November 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222629/relationship-between-hyperuricemia-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-in-a-middle-aged-and-elderly-chinese-population
#14
Ye Yang, Jian Tian, Chao Zeng, Jie Wei, Liang-Jun Li, Xi Xie, Tuo Yang, Hui Li, Guang-Hua Lei
Objective To investigate the relationship between hyperuricemia and coronary heart disease (CHD) risk based on the Framingham risk score (FRS) in a middle-aged and elderly Chinese population. Methods This cross-sectional study enrolled patients undergoing routine check-ups at Xiangya Hospital between October 2013 and November 2014. Hyperuricemia was defined as uric acid ≥416 mmol/l for males and ≥360 mmol/l for females. A 10-year CHD risk was calculated from FRS. A multivariable logistic analysis model was used to evaluate associations...
February 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137300/discovery-and-functional-prioritization-of-parkinson-s-disease-candidate-genes-from-large-scale-whole-exome-sequencing
#15
Iris E Jansen, Hui Ye, Sasja Heetveld, Marie C Lechler, Helen Michels, Renée I Seinstra, Steven J Lubbe, Valérie Drouet, Suzanne Lesage, Elisa Majounie, J Raphael Gibbs, Mike A Nalls, Mina Ryten, Juan A Botia, Jana Vandrovcova, Javier Simon-Sanchez, Melissa Castillo-Lizardo, Patrizia Rizzu, Cornelis Blauwendraat, Amit K Chouhan, Yarong Li, Puja Yogi, Najaf Amin, Cornelia M van Duijn, Huw R Morris, Alexis Brice, Andrew B Singleton, Della C David, Ellen A Nollen, Shushant Jain, Joshua M Shulman, Peter Heutink
BACKGROUND: Whole-exome sequencing (WES) has been successful in identifying genes that cause familial Parkinson's disease (PD). However, until now this approach has not been deployed to study large cohorts of unrelated participants. To discover rare PD susceptibility variants, we performed WES in 1148 unrelated cases and 503 control participants. Candidate genes were subsequently validated for functions relevant to PD based on parallel RNA-interference (RNAi) screens in human cell culture and Drosophila and C...
January 30, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137287/response-to-correcting-for-cell-type-effects-in-dna-methylation-studies-reference-based-method-outperforms-latent-variable-approaches-in-empirical-studies
#16
Kevin McGregor, Aurélie Labbe, Celia M T Greenwood
We thank Hattab and colleagues for their correspondence and their investigation of cell-type mixture correction methods in methyl-CG binding domain sequencing. Here, we speculate on why surrogate variable analysis (SVA) performed differently between their two data sets, and poorly in one of them.Please see related Correspondence article: https://genomebiology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10/1186/s13059-017-1148-8 and related Research article: https://genomebiology.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s13059-016-0935-y...
January 30, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117880/intrapartum-predictors-of-maternal-levator-ani-injury
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jessica Caudwell-Hall, Ixora Kamisan Atan, Andrew Martin, Rodrigo Guzman Rojas, Susanne Langer, Kalai Shek, Hans P Dietz
INTRODUCTION: Damage to the pelvic floor during vaginal childbirth is common, and may take the form of levator avulsion or irreversible overdistension of the levator hiatus (microtrauma). Such trauma is a major risk factor for pelvic organ prolapse later in life. In this study we aimed to identify intrapartum risk factors for levator trauma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This is a retrospective analysis of data obtained in two perinatal studies on primiparous women. Between 2005 and 2014, 1148 women carrying an uncomplicated singleton pregnancy in the late third trimester were seen for 4D pelvic floor ultrasound and an interview...
April 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107460/the-incidence-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-pregnant-women-with-placenta-previa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Dazhi Fan, Qing Xia, Li Liu, Shuzhen Wu, Guo Tian, Wen Wang, Song Wu, Xiaoling Guo, Zhengping Liu
BACKGROUND: The global burden of postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) in women with placenta previa is a major public health concern. Although there are different reports on the incidence of PPH in different countries, to date, no research has reviewed them. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to calculate the average point incidence of PPH in women with placenta previa. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies estimating PPH in women with placenta previa was conducted through literature searches in four databases in Jul 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067890/validity-of-visceral-adiposity-estimates-from-dxa-against-mri-in-kuwaiti-men-and-women
#19
A Mohammad, E De Lucia Rolfe, A Sleigh, T Kivisild, K Behbehani, N J Wareham, S Brage, T Mohammad
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of obesity and diabetes in the Middle East is among the highest in the world. Valid measures of abdominal adiposity are essential to understanding the metabolic consequences of obesity. Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is increasingly being utilised to assess body composition in population studies, and has recently been used to estimate visceral adipose tissue (VAT). The aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of DXA-derived VAT in a Middle Eastern population using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as the criterion measure...
January 9, 2017: Nutrition & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067407/analysis-of-whole-exome-sequencing-with-cardiometabolic-traits-using-family-based-linkage-and-association-in-the-iras-family-study
#20
Keri L Tabb, Jacklyn N Hellwege, Nicholette D Palmer, Latchezar Dimitrov, Satria Sajuthi, Kent D Taylor, Maggie C Y Ng, Gregory A Hawkins, Yii-der Ida Chen, W Mark Brown, David McWilliams, Adrienne Williams, Carlos Lorenzo, Jill M Norris, Jirong Long, Jerome I Rotter, Joanne E Curran, John Blangero, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Carl D Langefeld, Donald W Bowden
Family-based methods are a potentially powerful tool to identify trait-defining genetic variants in extended families, particularly when used to complement conventional association analysis. We utilized two-point linkage analysis and single variant association analysis to evaluate whole exome sequencing (WES) data from 1205 Hispanic Americans (78 families) from the Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Family Study. WES identified 211,612 variants above the minor allele frequency threshold of ≥0.005. These variants were tested for linkage and/or association with 50 cardiometabolic traits after quality control checks...
March 2017: Annals of Human Genetics
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