Read by QxMD icon Read


Andrew Denhartigh, Lindsay Reynolds, Katherine Palmer, Frank Klein, Jennifer Rice, John J Rejman
A validation study was conducted for an immunochromatographic method (BetaStar® Advanced for Beta-lactams) for the detection of beta-lactam residues in raw, commingled bovine milk. The assay detected amoxicillin, ampicillin, cloxacillin, penicillin, cephapirin, and ceftiofur below the U.S. Food and Drug Administration tolerance levels but above the maximum sensitivity thresholds established by the National Conference on Interstate Milk Shipments. The results of internal and independent laboratory dose-response studies employing spiked samples were in agreement...
May 18, 2018: Journal of AOAC International
Jingyan Yang, Anjali Sharma, Qiuhu Shi, Kathryn Anastos, Mardge H Cohen, Elizabeth T Golub, Deborah Gustafson, Daniel Merenstein, Wendy J Mack, Phyllis C Tien, Jeri Nieves, Michael T Yin
OBJECTIVES: A Fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX®) using clinical risk factors (CRFs) alone underestimates fracture risk in HIV-infected men. Our objective was to determine whether accuracy of FRAX would be improved by considering HIV as a cause of secondary osteoporosis, and further improved with addition of DXA parameters in HIV-infected women. DESIGN: Subgroup analysis of Women's Interagency HIV Study. METHODS: We included 1148 women (900 HIV-infected and 248 uninfected) over age 40 with data to approximate FRAX CRFs and 10-year observational data for incident fragility fractures; 181 (20%) HIV-infected women had DXA data...
May 11, 2018: AIDS
Sarah Tariq, Madiha Syed, Timothy Martin, Xu Zhang, Michael Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Perioperative respiratory adverse events (PRAEs) account for the major cause of morbidity and mortality in children undergoing general anesthesia. In our institutional clinical practice, we suspected that African American children experienced untoward respiratory events more frequently than other racial groups. Identification of high-risk groups can guide decision making in the perioperative period, and aggressive optimization of specific care can enhance safety and improve outcomes...
May 9, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Robert B Hawkins, J Hunter Mehaffey, Samuel M Kessel, Jolian J Dahl, Irving L Kron, John A Kern, Leora T Yarboro, Gorav Ailawadi
OBJECTIVES: Minimally invasive mitral valve surgery (mini-MVR) has numerous associated benefits. However, many studies fail to include greater-risk patients. We hypothesized that a minimally invasive approach in a representative cohort provides excellent outcomes with reduced resource utilization. METHODS: Mitral valve surgical records from 2011 to 2016 were paired with institutional financial records. Patients were stratified by approach and propensity-score matched to balance preoperative difference...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Kjetil Hustoft, Tor Ketil Larsen, Kolbjørn Brønnick, Inge Joa, Jan Olav Johannessen, Torleif Ruud
The Norwegian Mental Health Care Act states that patients who are involuntarily admitted to a hospital must be reevaluated by a psychiatrist or a specialist in clinical psychology within 24h to assess whether the patient fulfills the legal criteria for the psychiatric status and symptoms. International research on the use of coercive hospitalization in psychiatry is scarce, and an investigation of Norway's routine re-evaluation of involuntarily referred patients may expand knowledge about this aspect of psychiatric treatment...
January 2018: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
Hirotaka Iijima, Masaki Takahashi, Yuto Tashiro, Tomoki Aoyama
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine whether kilohertz-frequency alternating current (KFAC) is superior to low-frequency pulsed current (PC) in increasing muscle-evoked torque and lessening discomfort. DATA SOURCES: The electronic databases PubMed, PEDro, CINAHL, and CENTRAL were searched for related articles, published before August 2017. Furthermore, citation search was performed on the original record using Web of Science. REVIEW METHODS: Randomized controlled trials, quasi-experimental studies, and within-subject repeated studies evaluating and comparing KFAC and PC treatments were included...
2018: PloS One
Adam Arshad, James Hodson, Imogen Chappelow, Nicholas G Inston, Andrew R Ready, Jay Nath, Adnan Sharif
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of donor body mass index (BMI) on deceased-donor kidney transplant outcomes. Data were collected from the UK Transplant Registry for all deceased-donor kidney transplant recipients between January 2003 and January 2015. Univariable and multivariable analyses were undertaken to assess the impact of donor BMI on a range of outcomes. Donor BMI (kg/m2 ) was stratified as <18.5 (n=380), 18.5-25.0 (n=6890), 25.1-30.0 (n=6669), 30.1-35.0 (n=2503) and >35.0 (n=1148)...
April 17, 2018: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
Afaq Hussain, Abdur Rehman, Nazia Fatima
Objective: To determine the outcomes in very low birth weight (VLBW) neonates receiving volume advancement versus frequency advancement feeding protocols. Methods: This controlled clinical trial was conducted in Children Hospital Multan within duration of 6 months from February 2017 to August 2017. VLBW neonates having weight < 1500 g at the time of birth were included. The protocol for frequency advancement (FA) group was to give 1 ml/kg human or pre-formula milk after every 8 hours and in volume advancement (VA) group after every 3 hours initially...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Torstein R Meling, Michele Da Broi, David Scheie, Eirik Helseth
To identify differences between skull base meningiomas (SBM) and non-skull base meningiomas (NSBM). All adult patients (18.0-69.9 years) operated for intracranial meningiomas between 1990 and 2010 at our institution were investigated. Al-Mefty's definition was used to dichotomize tumors into SBM and NSBM. Overall, 1148 consecutive patients were identified. Median age at surgery was 54.2 years [18.1-69.9]. Median follow-up was 7.4 years [0.0-20.9]. There were 562 patients (49%) with SBM and 586 (51%) with NSBM...
April 7, 2018: Neurosurgical Review
Taruna Kumari, Meenakshi Vachher, Savita Bansal, Rameshwar N K Bamezai, Bhupender Kumar
AIM: Whereas many previous studies have revealed that mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymorphism T16189C is associated with the risk of cancer and Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), there are others that have disputed the same. As a result, clarity on the role of mitochondrial T16189C in these disorders is missing. The aim of this study is to evaluate the association of T16189C polymorphism with the risk of cancer and T2DM development by pooling all case-control studies available. METHODS: Published studies till November 2017 were searched from PubMed, Google scholar, Google and EMBASE and isolated a total of 36 studies having 44,203 subjects (20,439 cases and 23,764 controls) based on strict inclusion and exclusion criteria...
April 5, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
S García-Barreras, I Nunes, V Srougi, F Secin, M Baghdadi, R Sanchez-Salas, E Barret, F Rozet, M Galiano, X Cathelineau
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors of early, intermediate and late biochemical recurrence (BR) following minimally invasive radical prostatectomy in patients with localised prostate cancer (PC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included 6195 patients with cT1-3N0M0 prostate cancer treated using radical laparoscopic prostatectomy (RLP) and radical robot-assisted prostatectomy at our institution between 2000 and 2016. None of the patients underwent adjuvant therapy. BR is defined as PSA levels ≥0...
March 29, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
Nicole E Smerillo, Arthur J Reynolds, Judy A Temple, Suh-Ruu Ou
Although not as commonly reported as average daily attendance, chronic absence data may be of significant importance for understanding student success. Using data from 1148 participants in the Chicago Longitudinal Study, we assessed the associations of chronic absence in the early middle grades, grades fourth through sixth, with eighth-grade achievement and three measures of high school attainment including four-year graduation by diploma, graduation by diploma by age 21, and any high school completion by age 21...
April 2018: Journal of School Psychology
Tatenda C Nzenza, Yahya Al-Habbal, Glen R Guerra, S Manolas, Tuck Yong, Trevor McQuillan
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) with endoscopic sphincterotomy (ES) has become well established as a modality for the management of common bile duct stones (CBDS), especially in the setting of associated cholangitis. Our study aims to determine the rate of long term morbidity of recurrent CBDS post ES. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients who underwent ERCP and ES (ERCP+ES) was undertaken on a prospectively maintained database from 1998 to 2012 at the Northern Hospital, Melbourne...
March 15, 2018: BMC Gastroenterology
You-Cai Zhu, Yue-Fen Zhou, Wen-Xian Wang, Chun-Wei Xu, Wu Zhuang, Kai-Qi Du, Gang Chen
ROS1 rearrangement is a validated therapeutic driver gene in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and represents a small subset (1-2%) of NSCLC. A total of 17 different fusion partner genes of ROS1 in NSCLC have been reported. The multi-targeted MET/ALK/ROS1 tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) crizotinib has demonstrated remarkable efficacy in ROS1-rearranged NSCLC. Consequently, ROS1 detection assays include fluorescence in situ hybridization, immunohistochemistry, and real-time PCR. Next-generation sequencing (NGS) assay covers a range of fusion genes and approaches to discover novel receptor-kinase rearrangements in lung cancer...
May 2018: Thoracic Cancer
Melanie A Holden, Kim L Bennell, Rebecca Whittle, Linda Chesterton, Nadine E Foster, Nicola A Halliday, Libby N Spiers, Elizabeth M Mason, Jonathan G Quicke, Christian D Mallen
Background: Hip osteoarthritis (OA) is common, painful, and disabling. Physical therapists have an important role in managing patients with hip OA; however, little is known about their current management approach and whether it aligns with clinical guideline recommendations. Objective: The objective of this study is to describe United Kingdom (UK) physical therapists' current management of patients with hip OA and to determine whether it aligns with clinical guidelines...
June 1, 2018: Physical Therapy
Kylie Elizabeth Hunter, Anna Lene Seidler, Lisa M Askie
OBJECTIVES: To analyse prospective versus retrospective trial registration trends on the Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry (ANZCTR) and to evaluate the reasons for non-compliance with prospective registration. DESIGN: Part 1: Descriptive analysis of trial registration trends from 2006 to 2015. Part 2: Online registrant survey. PARTICIPANTS: Part 1: All interventional trials registered on ANZCTR from 2006 to 2015. Part 2: Random sample of those who had retrospectively registered a trial on ANZCTR between 2010 and 2015...
March 1, 2018: BMJ Open
Yanyan Liu, Okechukwu C Ndumnego, Tingting Chen, Ryung S Kim, Elizabeth R Jenny-Avital, Thumbi Ndung'u, Douglas Wilson, Jacqueline M Achkar
Sputum smear-negative HIV-associated active tuberculosis (TB) is challenging to diagnose. CD14 is a pattern recognition receptor that is known to mediate monocyte activation. Prior studies have shown increased levels of soluble CD14 (sCD14) as a potential biomarker for TB, but little is known about its value in detecting smear-negative HIV-associated TB. We optimized a sandwich ELISA for the detection of sCD14, and tested sera from 56 smear-negative South African (39 culture-positive and 17 culture-negative) HIV-infected pulmonary TB patients and 24 South African and 43 US (21 positive and 22 negative for tuberculin skin test, respectively) HIV-infected controls...
February 27, 2018: Pathogens
Archana Mishra, Akash Kumar, Sanjoy Ghosh
Impact of second-generation ethanol (2G) use in transportation sector mainly depends upon energy efficiency of entire production process. The objective of present study was to determine energy efficiency of a potential lignocellulosic feedstock; wheat straw and its conversion into cellulosic ethanol in Indian scenario. Energy efficiency was determined by calculating Net energy ratio (NER), i.e. ratio of output energy obtained by ethanol and input energy used in ethanol production. Energy consumption and generation at each step is calculated briefly (11,837...
March 2018: 3 Biotech
Charles Daultrey, John Hardman, Shahram Anari
Background: The nasal septum is composed of cartilaginous and bony components and an understanding of each component volume is essential in both functional and cosmetic surgery. Objectives: We sought to radiographically measure septal dimensions on cross sectional computer tomography (CT) images, establishing average parameters for normal anatomy among a single, Caucasian population group. Methods: One hundred and fifty consecutive sinus CT scan images were examined and 100 cases with appropriate sagittal views were included in the study...
February 19, 2018: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Sören Verstraete, Ilse Vanhorebeek, Esther van Puffelen, Inge Derese, Catherine Ingels, Sascha C Verbruggen, Pieter J Wouters, Koen F Joosten, Jan Hanot, Gonzalo G Guerra, Dirk Vlasselaers, Jue Lin, Greet Van den Berghe
BACKGROUND: Children who have suffered from critical illnesses that required treatment in a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) have long-term physical and neurodevelopmental impairments. The mechanisms underlying this legacy remain largely unknown. In patients suffering from chronic diseases hallmarked by inflammation and oxidative stress, poor long-term outcome has been associated with shorter telomeres. Shortened telomeres have also been reported to result from excessive food consumption and/or unhealthy nutrition...
February 21, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"