keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

1148

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290582/prevalence-of-different-rickettsia-spp-in-ixodes-ricinus-and-dermacentor-reticulatus-ticks-acari-ixodidae-in-north-eastern-poland
#1
Joanna Stańczak, Beata Biernat, Maria Racewicz, Marta Zalewska, Anna Matyjasek
In two surveys conducted in April and May 2013, a total of 1148 unfed ticks belonging to two species, Ixodes ricinus and Dermacentor reticulatus, were collected by flagging lower vegetation in 15 different localities throughout the Białowieża Primeval Forest (Podlaskie voivodship; north-eastern Poland) and in its buffer zone. In order to establish their infection rate with Rickettsia spp. individual adult ticks and pooled nymphs were tested by real-time PCR targeting the gltA gene. For the further identification of rickettsial species, positive samples were subjected for nested and semi-nested PCR targeting ompA and 16S rRNA genes, respectively, followed by sequencing analysis...
December 21, 2017: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287852/low-set-ears-and-associated-anomalies-in-human-foetuses
#2
Alfredo Nuñez-Castruita, Norberto López-Serna
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of low-set ears (LSE) in a group of human foetuses, to analyse the associated anomalies, and to review the development mechanisms possibly involved. METHODS: A total of 1759 human foetuses from spontaneous abortion were evaluated. Foetuses were obtained from the Foetuses and Embryos Collection of the Embryology Department of the Faculty of Medicine of the Autonomous University of Nuevo León. The Ethics Committee gave its approval for this study (EH-230-16)...
January 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29282008/pricing-appraisal-of-anti-cancer-drugs-in-the-south-east-asian-western-pacific-and-east-mediterranean-region
#3
Shahrzad Salmasi, Kah Seng Lee, Long Chiau Ming, Chin Fen Neoh, Mahmoud E Elrggal, Zaheer-Ud- Din Babar, Tahir Mehmood Khan, Muhammad Abdul Hadi
BACKGROUND: Globally, cancer is one of the leading causes of mortality. High treatment cost, partly owing to higher prices of anti-cancer drugs, presents a significant burden on patients and healthcare systems. The aim of the present study was to survey and compare retail prices of anti-cancer drugs between high, middle and low income countries in the South-East Asia, Western Pacific and Eastern Mediterranean regions. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey design was used for the present study...
December 28, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259813/sport-and-exercise-medicine-research-activity-in-the-arab-world-a-15-year-bibliometric-analysis
#4
Mohamad Y Fares, Jawad Fares, Hasan Baydoun, Youssef Fares
Background: The role of sports in decreasing the prevalence of many diseases has led to a growing interest in the field of sport and exercise medicine. But sport and exercise medicine still remains new to the Arab world, waiting to be explored. The aim of this study is to describe and characterise sport and exercise medicine research activity in the Arab world between 2002 and 2016. Methods: The PubMed database was used to search for publications related to sport and exercise medicine...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243737/clinical-outcome-of-descemet-stripping-automated-endothelial-keratoplasty-in-18-cases-with-iridocorneal-endothelial-syndrome
#5
M Ao, Y Feng, G Xiao, Y Xu, J Hong
PurposeTo evaluate the clinical outcome of Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) in eyes with iridocorneal endothelial (ICE) syndrome.Patients and methodsA retrospective case series study was conducted. Eighteen consecutive Chinese patients with 20 DSAEK grafts were enrolled. Participants were evaluated by anterior segment optical coherence tomography and confocal microscopy. Postoperative complications, graft survival, endothelial cell counts, corneal thickness, and anterior chamber depth were analysed...
December 15, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227139/phenotypic-hip-and-elbow-dysplasia-trends-in-rottweilers-and-labrador-retrievers-in-south-africa-2007-2015-are-we-making-progress
#6
Robert M Kirberger
Canine hip and elbow dysplasia are major orthopaedic problems prevalent the world over, and South Africa is no exception. Hip and elbow dysplasia phenotypic status is certified by a number of different radiographic schemes in the world. South Africa uses the Fédération Cynologique Internationale system to certify hips, and the International Elbow Working Group scheme to certify elbows. One way of reducing these often crippling conditions is by selective breeding using only dogs with no or marginal dysplastic joints...
November 22, 2017: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221111/nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-risk-prediction-via-salivary-detection-of-host-and-epstein-barr-virus-genetic-variants
#7
Qian Cui, Fu-Tuo Feng, Miao Xu, Wen-Sheng Liu, You-Yuan Yao, Shang-Hang Xie, Xi-Zhao Li, Zu-Lu Ye, Qi-Sheng Feng, Li-Zhen Chen, Jin-Xin Bei, Lin Feng, Qi-Hong Huang, Wei-Hua Jia, Su-Mei Cao, Ellen T Chang, Weimin Ye, Hans-Olov Adami, Yi-Xin Zeng
Genetic susceptibility and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection are important etiological factors in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). In this study, in southern China, where NPC is endemic, a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the EBV-encoded RPMS1 gene (locus 155391: G > A [G155391A]) and seven host SNPs (rs1412829, rs28421666, rs2860580, rs2894207, rs31489, rs6774494, and rs9510787) were confirmed to be significantly associated with NPC risk in 50 NPC cases versus 54 hospital-based controls with throat washing specimens and 1925 NPC cases versus 1947 hospital-based controls with buffy coat samples, respectively...
November 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217955/determinants-of-podoconiosis-a-case-control-study
#8
Berhanu Elfu Feleke
Background: Podoconiosis is a non-filarial swelling of lower extremity endemic in tropical regions, North America and India. The etiology and pathophysiology of the disease remain unknown. The objective of this study was to identify the determinants of Podoconiosis. Methods: Unmatched case control study design was conducted. The sample size was calculated using Epi-info soft ware: 95% CI, 85% power, control to case ratio of 2:1, expected frequency of barefoot among controls 50%, odds ratio of 1...
September 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194458/evidence-of-increasing-sedentarism-in-mexico-city-during-the-last-decade-sitting-time-prevalence-trends-and-associations-with-obesity-and-diabetes
#9
Catalina Medina, Lizbeth Tolentino-Mayo, Ruy López-Ridaura, Simón Barquera
INTRODUCTION: Sedentary behaviors such as sitting time are associated with obesity and diabetes independently of total reported physical activity. This study aimed to describe the current sitting time/day prevalence and trends and to examine the association of sitting time with sociodemographic and clinical variables in Mexico City. METHODS: Two cross-sectional representative surveys in Mexico City were used for this analysis (2006: n = 1148 and 2015: n = 1329)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156470/-functional-and-anatomic-outcomes-of-primary-and-secondary-internal-limiting-membrane-transplantation-in-large-and-persistent-macular-holes
#10
Jelka A Hess, Stephan Michels, Matthias D Becker
Background The gold standard therapy for full-thickness macular holes (FTMH) is vitrectomy (PPV) with peeling of the internal limiting membrane (ILM), gas tamponade of the vitreous cavity and postoperative face-down positioning. Nevertheless, eyes with large macular holes (> 400 µm) and surgical failures remain difficult to manage. Recently, ILM transplantation (ILM-TX) techniques were developed with acceptable results, advocating different mechanisms of hole closure: in such a setting, the ILM could serve as a scaffold for neuronal tissue in the pedicle ILM flap technique or the ILM could induce a contraction of the FTMH rims through shrinking of a folded ILM plug...
November 20, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149683/online-sexual-solicitation-by-adults-and-peers-results-from-a-population-based-german-sample
#11
Halina Sklenarova, Anja Schulz, Petya Schuhmann, Michael Osterheider, Janina Neutze
Prevalence of Internet use among adolescents is high, but little is known about the online sexual activities of German adolescents. This study aimed to describe the 12-month prevalence of German adolescents' online sexual experiences with a focus on Online Sexual Solicitation (OSS, subjectively negative online sexual experiences with a peer or any sexual online experience, positive or negative, with an adult). A sample of male and female adolescents aged 14-17 (N=2238) was recruited using online survey panel...
November 14, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132344/tubeless-versus-standard-percutaneous-nephrolithotomy-an-update-meta-analysis
#12
Yang Xun, Qing Wang, Henglong Hu, Yuchao Lu, Jiaqiao Zhang, Baolong Qin, Yudi Geng, Shaogang Wang
BACKGROUND: To update a previously published systematic review and meta-analysis on the efficacy and safety of tubeless percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). METHODS: A systematic literature search of EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library was performed to confirm relevant studies. The scientific literature was screened in accordance with the predetermined inclusion and exclusion criteria. After quality assessment and data extraction from the eligible studies, a meta-analysis was conducted using Stata SE 12...
November 13, 2017: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113317/hydroxychloroquine-and-risk-of-cancer-in-patients-with-primary-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-propensity-score-matched-landmark-analysis
#13
Yao-Fan Fang, Yen-Fu Chen, Ting-Ting Chung, Lai-Chu See, Kuang-Hui Yu, Shue-Fen Luo, Chang-Fu Kuo, Jenn-Haung Lai
Hydroxychloroquine inhibits systemic inflammation and autophagy and may thus have antineoplastic effects [1]. We investigated the effect of hydroxychloroquine on cancer risk in patients with primary Sjögren syndrome(pSS). We used the Taiwan National Health Insurance Database to compare cancer incidence between incident pSS patients with or without at least 6-month hydroxychloroquine use within a 1- or 3-year period. Propensity score matched landmark analysis was used. We included 4194 alive patients without cancer 1 year after pSS diagnosis from 2000 through 2005...
October 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063225/preperitoneal-surgical-approach-to-treat-vesicoureteral-anastomotic-leakage-distal-stenosis-or-reflux-after-kidney-transplantation
#14
Tom Darius, Antoine Buemi, Laurent Coubeau, Nada Kanaan, Pierre Goffette, Michel Mourad
BACKGROUND: If endourological approaches are not applicable to treat vesicoureteral anastomotic complications after kidney transplantation, the surgical gold standard in many transplant centers is pyeloureterostomy or ureteroureterostomy using the native ureter. We report an original preperitoneal technique that can be used for vesicoureteral reanastomosis in kidney transplant recipients not eligible for endourological treatment. METHODS: Between January 2011 and December 2015, 18 kidney transplant recipients underwent this new surgical procedure...
October 23, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059503/optimization-of-substrate-analog-furin-inhibitors
#15
Teodora Ivanova, Kornelia Hardes, Stephanie Kallis, Sven O Dahms, Manuel E Than, Sebastian Künzel, Eva Böttcher-Friebertshäuser, Iris Lindberg, Guan-Sheng Jiao, Ralf Bartenschlager, Torsten Steinmetzer
The proprotein convertase furin is a potential target for drug design, especially for the inhibition of furin-dependent virus replication. All effective synthetic furin inhibitors identified thus far are multibasic compounds; the highest potency was found for our previously developed inhibitor 4-(guanidinomethyl)-phenylacetyl-Arg-Tle-Arg-4-amidinobenzylamide (MI-1148). A first study in mice revealed a narrow therapeutic range for this tetrabasic compound, while significantly reduced toxicity was observed for some tribasic analogs...
October 23, 2017: ChemMedChem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053404/positive-body-image-is-positively-associated-with-hedonic-emotional-and-eudaimonic-psychological-and-social-well-being-in-british-adults
#16
Viren Swami, Laura Weis, David Barron, Adrian Furnham
Studies examining associations between positive body image and well-being have used a limited array of measures of each construct. To rectify this, we asked an online sample of 1148 U.K. adults to complete a range of measures of positive body image (body appreciation, body image flexibility, body pride, body acceptance from others) and a multi-dimensional measure of well-being (emotional, psychological, and social). Results showed that, once the effects of age and body mass index (BMI) had been accounted for, body appreciation significantly predicted all dimensions of well-being...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944055/understanding-the-links-between-resilience-and-type-2-diabetes-self-management-a-qualitative-study-in-south-australia
#17
A L Wilson, D McNaughton, S B Meyer, P R Ward
BACKGROUND: Research conducted by Ward, Muller, Tsourtos, et al. (Soc Sci Med 72(7):1140-1148, 2011) has led to the development of the psycho-social interactive model of resilience, which reveals the interaction between individual resilience factors (i.e. coping, confidence and self esteem) and external resilience environments (i.e. employment, supportive family environments and health promoting policies) in facilitating the development of resilience. This present study explored the utility of this model of resilience for understanding how people self-manage type-2 diabetes...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933974/the-influence-of-unilateral-oophorectomy-on-the-age-of-menopause
#18
M Rosendahl, M K Simonsen, J J Kjer
OBJECTIVE: To determine the age of menopause after premenopausal unilateral oophorectomy (UO) and to establish whether UO at a young age leads to menopause at a younger age than if UO occurs at an older age. METHODS: A cohort of 28 731 women, of whom 17 781 (62%) were menopausal, was investigated. Information on menopause was obtained from self-reported questionnaires. Surgical data were obtained from the National Patient Register to avoid recollection bias...
September 21, 2017: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923008/an-eleven-year-retrospective-hospital-based-study-of-epidemiological-data-regarding-human-strongyloidiasis-in-northeast-thailand
#19
Thidarat K Prasongdee, Pokkamol Laoraksawong, Wanida Kanarkard, Ratthaphol Kraiklang, Kraisit Sathapornworachai, Sureeporn Naonongwai, Porntip Laummaunwai, Oranuch Sanpool, Pewpan M Intapan, Wanchai Maleewong
BACKGROUND: Human strongyloidiasis is a chronic and persistent gastrointestinal disease caused by infection with soil-transmitted helminths of the genus Strongyloides. The aim of this research was to obtain diagnostic prevalence regarding strongyloidiasis in northeast Thailand through a hospital-based study. METHODS: Patients' demographic data and the results of stool examinations conducted using the formalin ethyl acetate concentration technique were collected from the parasitology laboratory records at Srinagarind Hospital in Khon Kaen, Thailand...
September 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917538/identification-of-ibv-qx-vaccine-markers-should-vaccine-acceptance-by-authorities-require-similar-identifications-for-all-live-ibv-vaccines
#20
Valeria Listorti, Andrea Laconi, Elena Catelli, Mattia Cecchinato, Caterina Lupini, Clive J Naylor
IBV genotype QX causes sufficient disease in Europe for several commercial companies to have started developing live attenuated vaccines. Here, one of those vaccines (L1148) was fully consensus sequenced alongside its progenitor field strain (1148-A) to determine vaccine markers, thereby enabling detection on farms. Twenty-eight single nucleotide substitutions were associated with the 1148-A attenuation, of which any combination can identify vaccine L1148 in the field. Sixteen substitutions resulted in amino acid coding changes of which half were in spike...
September 13, 2017: Vaccine
keyword
keyword
88895
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"