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Association schizophrenia logistic regression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783875/need-for-information-in-a-representative-sample-of-outpatients-with-schizophrenia-disorders
#1
Mário César Rezende Andrade, Mike Slade, Marina Bandeira, Sara Evans-Lacko, Denise Martin, Sérgio Baxter Andreoli
BACKGROUND: Providing adequate information and involving patients in treatment have become an essential component of mental health care. Despite this, research regarding the extent to which this need has been met in clinical services is still scarce. AIMS: To investigate the need for information about psychiatric condition and treatment among outpatients with schizophrenia disorders and how this need is associated with service use, adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical characteristics...
May 1, 2018: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720114/adverse-obstetric-and-neonatal-outcomes-complicated-by-psychosis-among-pregnant-women-in-the-united-states
#2
Qiu-Yue Zhong, Bizu Gelaye, Gregory L Fricchione, Paul Avillach, Elizabeth W Karlson, Michelle A Williams
BACKGROUND: Adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes among women with psychosis, particularly affective psychosis, has rarely been studied at the population level. We aimed to assess the risk of adverse obstetric and neonatal outcomes among women with psychosis (schizophrenia, affective psychosis, and other psychoses). METHODS: From the 2007 - 2012 National (Nationwide) Inpatient Sample, 23,507,597 delivery hospitalizations were identified. From the same hospitalization, International Classification of Diseases diagnosis codes were used to identify maternal psychosis and outcomes...
May 2, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692865/utilization-of-psychiatric-rehabilitation-services-and-influencing-factors-among-people-with-psychotic-disorders-in-rural-communities-of-guangxi-china
#3
Hongye Luo, Edward B McNeil, Qiming Feng, Hongheng Li, Qiang Chen, Xianjing Qin, Jun Feng, Sawitri Assanangkornchai
Objectives: To identify the rate and predictors of utilization of rehabilitation services among people with psychotic disorders in rural communities of Guangxi. Study design: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among individuals with schizophrenia or other psychoses (severe mental disorder, ICD10: F20-F29), aged over 15 years, and their care-givers in Guangxi, China. Trained village doctors located individuals known to them and suspected as having schizophrenia or other psychoses within the target areas and recruited them into the study...
2018: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692222/long-term-follow-up-of-clozapine-prescribing
#4
Siobhan H Gee, Sukhwinder S Shergill, David M Taylor
OBJECTIVE: Clozapine is uniquely effective for treatment-resistant schizophrenia, and so treatment continuation is essential. We aimed to identify factors associated with an increased likelihood of clozapine discontinuation in a cohort of patients in South East London. METHODS: We gathered demographic and treatment information such as duration of illness and antipsychotic treatment history. t-tests, chi-square tests and binary logistic regression were used to compare patients who continued and discontinued clozapine during the study and to identify predictor variables for discontinuation...
May 2018: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682692/the-relationship-between-fine-particulate-matter-pm-2-5-and-schizophrenia-severity
#5
Rika Eguchi, Daisuke Onozuka, Kouji Ikeda, Kenji Kuroda, Ichiro Ieiri, Akihito Hagihara
PURPOSE: Although particulate matter (PM) is reported to affect the rate of emergency admissions for schizophrenia, no study has examined the relationship between particulate matter less than 2.5 μm in diameter (PM2.5 ) and the severity of schizophrenia. METHODS: We obtained data on patients with schizophrenia at a psychiatric hospital, and on air pollution in Sakai, Japan between Feb 1, 2013 and April 30, 2016. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to estimate the relationship between PM2...
April 23, 2018: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680513/the-relationship-between-illicit-amphetamine-use-and-psychiatric-symptom-profiles-in-schizophrenia-and-affective-psychoses
#6
Alexandra Voce, Rebecca McKetin, Richard Burns, David Castle, Bianca Calabria
This study examines whether illicit amphetamine use is associated with differences in the prevalence of specific psychiatric symptoms in a community sample of individuals diagnosed with schizophrenia or affective psychotic disorders. Data was drawn from the Australian Survey of High Impact Psychosis. The Diagnostic Interview for Psychosis was used to measure substance use and psychiatric symptoms. Participants had used amphetamine within their lifetime and had an ICD-10 diagnosis of schizophrenia (n = 347) or an affective psychotic disorder (n = 289)...
April 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677621/depressive-symptoms-in-chinese-male-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-prevalence-and-clinical-correlates
#7
Yan-Min Xu, Fu Li, Xiao-Bo Liu, Bao-Liang Zhong
Depression is common in patients with schizophrenia and associated with serious consequences. However, previous studies have mixed findings on characteristics of depression in schizophrenia, partly because of the use of depressive symptom scales that are not specific to schizophrenia. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in Chinese patients with schizophrenia. A consecutive sample of 349 male inpatients with schizophrenia was recruited from the largest psychiatric specialty hospital in south-central China...
April 5, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668421/factors-associated-with-unplanned-early-discharges-from-a-dual-diagnosis-inpatient-detoxification-unit-in-israel
#8
Menachem M Sofer, Alexander Kaptsan, Jonathan Anson
OBJECTIVES: Currently, Israel has a single governmental inpatient dual diagnosis detoxification unit. We provide a cross-section of patient profiles in this unit, as well as explore possible associations between clinical/demographic factors, and the unplanned early discharge of patients from the unit, aiming at improving rehabilitation success rates. METHODS: In this retrospective study, medical records of all patients admitted to the unit between January 1st 2012 and July 1st 2013 were examined (N = 323)...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625373/leptin-adiponectin-ratio-as-a-potential-biomarker-for-metabolic-syndrome-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#9
Vincent Chin-Hung Chen, Chun-Hsin Chen, Yi-Hang Chiu, Tsang-Yaw Lin, Feng-Chiao Li, Mong-Liang Lu
OBJECTIVE: Leptin and adiponectin are adipokines which have opposing roles in the development of insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome (MetS). Leptin/adiponectin ratio (L/A ratio) has been proposed as a good biomarker for MetS in general population. This study aimed to compare the strength of association between MetS and leptin, adiponectin and L/A ratio, as well as to assess their performance to diagnose MetS in patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with DSM-IV schizophrenia and under clozapine or olanzapine monotherapy for at least six months were recruited...
March 29, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620518/examining-cognition-across-the-bipolar-schizophrenia-diagnostic-spectrum
#10
Amy J Lynham, Leon Hubbard, Katherine E Tansey, Marian L Hamshere, Sophie E Legge, Michael J Owen, Ian R Jones, James T R Walters
BACKGROUND: Cognitive impairments are well-established features of schizophrenia, but there is ongoing debate about the nature and degree of cognitive impairment in patients with schizoaffective disorder and bipolar disorder. We hypothesized that there is a spectrum of increasing impairment from bipolar disorder to schizoaffective disorder bipolar type, to schizoaffective disorder depressive type and schizophrenia. METHODS: We compared performance on the Measurement and Treatment Research to Improve Cognition in Schizophrenia (MATRICS) Consensus Cognitive Battery between participants with schizophrenia ( n = 558), schizoaffective disorder depressive type ( n = 112), schizoaffective disorder type ( n = 76), bipolar disorder ( n = 78) and healthy participants ( n = 103) using analysis of covariance with post hoc comparisons...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614389/duration-of-active-psychosis-and-functional-outcomes-in-first-episode-non-affective-psychosis
#11
José María Pelayo-Terán, Virginia Gajardo-Galán, Marcos Gómez-Revuelta, Victor Ortiz-García de la Foz, Rosa Ayesa-Arriola, Rafael Tabarés-Seisdedos, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro
BACKGROUND: The duration of untreated psychosis (DUP) has been associated with negative outcomes in psychosis; however, few studies have focused on the duration of active psychotic symptoms after commencing treatment (DAT). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the effect of DUP and DAT on functional long-term outcomes (3 years) in patients with early psychosis. METHODS: We evaluated the Scale for the Assessment of Positive Symptoms (SAPS) at frequent intervals for 3 years after presentation to determine the DAT for 307 individuals with first-episode psychosis together with DUP and clinical variables...
March 31, 2018: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574303/prevalence-and-correlates-of-antipsychotic-polypharmacy-in-hong-kong
#12
Stephanie Lock Man Lung, Ho Ming Edwin Lee, Yu Hai Eric Chen, Kit Wa Sherry Chan, Wing Chung Chang, Lai Ming Christy Hui
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP) remains a common practice despite inconclusive empirical evidence of additional efficacy and potential exacerbation of side effects. Previous studies suggest APP rate is notably high in East Asia. This paper aims to investigate the prevalence and correlates of APP in Hong Kong. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study of 728 patients with psychosis. The demographics and clinical information, including age, gender, diagnosis, hospitalization history, and medication were collected...
March 10, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559890/blood-gene-expression-profile-predicts-response-to-antipsychotics
#13
Jesus Sainz, Carlos Prieto, Fulgencio Ruso-Julve, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro
Antipsychotic drugs are one of the largest types of prescribed drugs and have large inter-individual differences in efficacy, but there is no methodology to predict their clinical effect. Here we show a four-gene blood expression profile to predict the response to antipsychotics in schizophrenia patients before treatment. We sequenced total mRNA from blood samples of antipsychotic naïve patients who, after 3 months of treatment, were in the top 40% with the best response (15 patients) and in the bottom 40% with the worst response (15 patients) according to the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS)...
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552104/continuity-of-medication-management-among-adults-with-schizophrenia-and-comorbid-cardiometabolic-conditions
#14
Richard A Hansen, Natalie Hohmann, Matthew L Maciejewski, Marisa E Domino, Neepa Ray, Nirosha Mahendraratnam, Joel F Farley
Objectives: Adults with schizophrenia and cardiometabolic conditions may be good candidates for co-management by primary care prescribers and specialists. Associated risks for discontinuity in medication management have not been well-studied. This study examines whether medication adherence, inpatient admissions, and emergency department (ED) visits vary by the number and types of prescribers seen by adults with schizophrenia and cardiometabolic conditions. Methods: This study used a retrospective cohort of 4,223 adult Medicaid enrollees with schizophrenia and hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and/or diabetes from three states in 2009-2010...
March 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521882/catatonic-stupor-in-schizophrenic-disorders-and-subsequent-medical-complications-and-mortality
#15
Michitaka Funayama, Taketo Takata, Akihiro Koreki, Satoyuki Ogino, Masaru Mimura
OBJECTIVE: Although catatonia can occur secondary to a general medical condition, catatonia itself has been known to lead to various medical compolications. Although case reports on the association of catatonia with subsequent medical complications have been documented, no comprehensive large-scale study has been performed. To investigate specific medical complications after catatonia, we conducted a retrospective cohort study of specific medical complications of schizophrenia patients with catatonia...
May 2018: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520539/temperament-in-child-and-adolescent-offspring-of-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-disorder
#16
Covadonga M Díaz-Caneja, Mª Goretti Morón-Nozaleda, Raquel P Vicente-Moreno, Elisa Rodríguez-Toscano, Laura Pina-Camacho, Elena de la Serna, Gisela Sugranyes, Inmaculada Baeza, Soledad Romero, Vanessa Sánchez-Gistau, Josefina Castro-Fornieles, Carmen Moreno, Dolores Moreno
Shared vulnerability in offspring of individuals with schizophrenia (SzO) and bipolar disorder (BpO) might manifest early during development through common temperament traits. Temperament dimensions in child and adolescent BpO (N = 80), SzO (N = 34) and the offspring of community controls (CcO) (N = 101) were assessed using the Revised Dimensions of Temperament Survey. The association between temperament dimensions and lifetime psychopathology (including threshold and subthreshold DSM-IV-TR diagnoses) and current socio-academic adjustment was assessed using logistic regression...
March 8, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502981/sexual-activity-sexual-dysfunction-and-sexual-life-quality-among-psychiatric-hospital-inpatients-with-schizophrenia
#17
Mi-Chia Ma, Jian-Kang Chao, Jia-Yi Hung, Su-Ching Sung, I-Hsin Candy Chao
BACKGROUND: Sexual dysfunction occurs commonly in patients with psychiatric illness and may be related to the primary mental disorder, comorbidity with sexual disorders or medical illness, or medications used for mental disorders treatment, but the magnitude of this problem is unknown. AIM: To estimate the prevalence of current sexual activity, sexual dysfunction, and sexual attitude and influence of factors on patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: This study used a cross-sectional design with a total of 317 patients diagnosed with schizophrenia...
March 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501474/factors-associated-with-non-participation-in-cervical-cancer-screening-a-nationwide-study-of-nearly-half-a-million-women-in-denmark
#18
Elise Harder, Kirsten E Juul, Signe M Jensen, Louise T Thomsen, Kirsten Frederiksen, Susanne K Kjaer
Cervical cancer occurs most often in under-screened women. In this nationwide register study, we described differences in sociodemographic characteristics between passive and active non-participants and examined socio-demographic characteristics, reproductive history, and mental and physical health as potential determinants for passive non-participation compared with participation in the Danish cervical cancer screening program. Screening history in women aged 23-49 years invited for cervical cancer screening in 2008-2009 was retrieved from the Danish Pathology Databank with information about dates of invitation and unsubscription...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451584/exposure-to-violence-associations-with-psychiatric-disorders-in-brazilian-youth
#19
Thiago M Fidalgo, Zila M Sanchez, Sheila C Caetano, Solange Andreoni, Adriana Sanudo, Qixuan Chen, Sílvia S Martins
OBJECTIVE: The effects of exposure to violent events in adolescence have not been sufficiently studied in middle-income countries such as Brazil. The aims of this study are to investigate the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among 12-year-olds in two neighborhoods with different socioeconomic status (SES) levels in São Paulo and to examine the influence of previous violent events and SES on the prevalence of psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Students from nine public schools in two neighborhoods of São Paulo were recruited...
February 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433889/psychiatric-disease-in-surgically-treated-colorectal-cancer-patients
#20
Vanessa P Ho, Emily Steinhagen, Kelsey Angell, Suparna M Navale, Nicholas K Schiltz, Andrew P Reimer, Elizabeth A Madigan, Siran M Koroukian
BACKGROUND: Underlying psychiatric conditions may affect outcomes of surgical treatment for colorectal cancer (CRC) because of complex clinical presentation and treatment considerations. We hypothesized that patients with psychiatric illness (PSYCH) would have evidence of advanced disease at presentation, as manifested by higher rates of colorectal surgery performed in the presence of obstruction, perforation, and/or peritonitis (OPP-surgery). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using data from the 2007-2011 National Inpatient Sample, we identified patients with a diagnosis of CRC undergoing colorectal surgery...
March 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
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