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Association schizophrenia logistic regression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280344/metabolic-profile-at-first-time-schizophrenia-diagnosis-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
Henriette Thisted Horsdal, Michael Eriksen Benros, Ole Köhler-Forsberg, Jesper Krogh, Christiane Gasse
OBJECTIVE: Schizophrenia and/or antipsychotic drug use are associated with metabolic abnormalities; however, knowledge regarding metabolic status and physician's monitoring of metabolic status at first schizophrenia diagnosis is sparse. We assessed the prevalence of monitoring for metabolic blood abnormalities and characterized the metabolic profiles in people with a first-time schizophrenia diagnosis. METHODS: This is a population-based cross-sectional study including all adults born in Denmark after January 1, 1955, with their first schizophrenia diagnosis between 2000 and 2012 in the Central Denmark Region...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273629/insight-and-suicidality-in-psychosis-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Carmen Massons, Javier-David Lopez-Morinigo, Esther Pousa, Ada Ruiz, Susana Ochoa, Judith Usall, Lourdes Nieto, Jesus Cobo, Anthony S David, Rina Dutta
AIMS: We aimed to test whether specific insight dimensions are associated with suicidality in patients with psychotic disorders. METHODS: 143 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders were recruited. Suicidality was assessed by item 8 of the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS). Insight was measured by the Scale of Unawareness of Mental Disorder (SUMD) and the Markova and Berrios Insight Scale. Bivariate analyses and multivariable logistic regression models were conducted...
February 27, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28260128/expressed-emotion-and-the-course-of-schizophrenia-in-pakistan
#3
Sarosh Sadiq, Kausar Suhail, John Gleeson, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez
PURPOSE: Aim of the study is to evaluate the predictive power of Expressed Emotion in Schizophrenia relapse in Pakistan. METHOD: A longitudinal study was conducted comprising 53 in-patients' sample diagnosed with Schizophrenia and their 101 key carers. Participants fulfilled DSM-IV-TR criteria for Schizophrenia based on Structural Clinical Interview for the DSM-IV diagnosis. Symptomatic status was measured through Brief Psychiatric Rating Scales-Expanded (BPRS-E)...
March 4, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252572/pharmacogenetics-of-ketamine-induced-emergence-phenomena-a-pilot-study
#4
Edwin N Aroke, Sybil L Crawford, Jennifer R Dungan
BACKGROUND: Up to 55% of patients who are administered ketamine experience an emergence phenomena (EP) that closely mimics schizophrenia and increases their risk of injury; however, to date, no studies have investigated genetic association of ketamine-induced EP in healthy patients. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to investigate the feasibility and sample sizes required to explore the relationship between CYP2B6*6 and GRIN2B single-nucleotide polymorphisms and ketamine-induced EP...
March 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222824/curiosity-killed-the-cat-no-evidence-of-an-association-between-cat-ownership-and-psychotic-symptoms-at-ages-13-and-18-years-in-a-uk-general-population-cohort
#5
F Solmi, J F Hayes, G Lewis, J B Kirkbride
BACKGROUND: Congenital or early life infection with Toxoplasma gondii has been implicated in schizophrenia aetiology. Childhood cat ownership has been hypothesized as an intermediary marker of T. gondii infection and, by proxy, as a risk factor for later psychosis. Evidence supporting this hypothesis is, however, limited. METHOD: We used birth cohort data from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC) to investigate whether cat ownership in pregnancy and childhood (ages 4 and 10 years) was associated with psychotic experiences (PEs) in early (age 13, N = 6705) and late (age 18, N = 4676) adolescence, rated from semi-structured interviews...
February 22, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183293/using-video-annotation-software-to-identify-interactions-in-group-therapies-for-schizophrenia-assessing-reliability-and-associations-with-outcomes
#6
Stavros Orfanos, Syeda Ferhana Akther, Muhammad Abdul-Basit, Rosemarie McCabe, Stefan Priebe
BACKGROUND: Research has shown that interactions in group therapies for people with schizophrenia are associated with a reduction in negative symptoms. However, it is unclear which specific interactions in groups are linked with these improvements. The aims of this exploratory study were to i) develop and test the reliability of using video-annotation software to measure interactions in group therapies in schizophrenia and ii) explore the relationship between interactions in group therapies for schizophrenia with clinically relevant changes in negative symptoms...
February 10, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177063/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-antipsychotic-polypharmacy-in-patients-with-serious-mental-illness-findings-from-a-cross-sectional-study-in-an-upper-middle-income-country
#7
Kerryn S Armstrong, Henk Temmingh
Objective: The aim of our study was to examine the prevalence of and factors associated with antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP) among patients with serious mental illness in the current South African health care context. Methods: We collected data on patient, illness, and treatment characteristics of patients discharged on one or more antipsychotic agents from January to June 2014. We analyzed the associations of APP with demographic and clinical variables using hierarchical multivariable logistic regression, and examined prescription patterns...
February 6, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160655/factors-associated-with-complete-discontinuation-of-medication-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-the-year-after-hospital-discharge
#8
Yanling Zhou, Robert Rosenheck, Somaia Mohamed, Yuping Ning, Hongbo He
Medication discontinuation is a major risk factor for relapse in schizophrenic patients. The present study investigated the rate and clinical correlates of complete medication discontinuation in the year after hospital discharge. Data collected from 236 schizophrenia patients who were prescribed anti-psychotics documented socio-demographic characteristics, symptom severity, insight, and attitudes towards medication in the week before their discharge and the experience of caregiver burden for their primary caregiver as recorded at the time of hospitalization...
January 17, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120487/adjunctive-antidepressant-use-in-schizophrenia-in-china-a-national-survey-2002-2012
#9
Qian Li, Yun-Ai Su, Yu-Tao Xiang, Liang Shu, Xin Yu, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Yu-Ping Ning, Gao-Hua Wang, Ke-Rang Zhang, Tao Li, Li-Zhong Sun, Jian-Guo Shi, Xian-Sheng Chen, Qi-Yi Mei, Ke-Qing Li, Tian-Mei Si
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the pattern of adjunctive antidepressant use in schizophrenia patients and its demographic and clinical correlates in a nationwide survey in China. METHODS: Fourteen thousand and thirteen patients in 45 Chinese psychiatric hospitals or centers were interviewed (4,486 in 2002, 5,288 in 2006, and 4,239 in 2012). Patients' sociodemographic and clinical characteristics were recorded using a standardized protocol and data collection procedure...
January 2017: Human Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094171/the-relationship-of-cognitive-improvement-after-cognitive-remediation-with-social-functioning-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-severe-cognitive-deficits
#10
J P Lindenmayer, Samantha Fregenti, Guoxin Kang, Veronica Ozog, Isidora Ljuri, Anzalee Khan, A Goldring, Susan R McGurk
BACKGROUND: This study aims to examine the effects of change in neurocognition on functional outcomes and to examine predictors of change in social functions following a 12-week course of cognitive remediation in patients with schizophrenia and schizoaffective disorder with severe cognitive impairments. METHOD: Level of social functioning was assessed using a performance based measure of functional capacity (PSP) in patients prior to and after the completion of 12-week cognitive remediation treatment (CRT)...
January 13, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062923/cardiovascular-disease-and-psychiatric-disorders-among-latinos-in-the-united-states
#11
Leopoldo J Cabassa, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Shuai Wang, Carlos Blanco
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among Latinos and disproportionately impacts people with psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between CVD and psychiatric disorders among different Latino subgroups using a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Latinos participants (N = 6359) were drawn from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. A structured diagnostic interview was used to determine psychiatric diagnoses for any past-year mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders...
January 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032255/treatment-recommendations-for-schizophrenia-major-depression-and-alcohol-dependence-and-stigmatizing-attitudes-of-the-public-results-from-a-german-population-survey
#12
Sven Speerforck, Georg Schomerus, Herbert Matschinger, Matthias C Angermeyer
In addition to mental health literacy, several potentially conflicting emotions and attitudes among the public are hypothesized to guide their recommendations for specific mental health treatments. It is unclear whether evidence-based treatment strategies are guided by pro-social or stigmatizing attitudes and emotions. In a representative population survey in Germany (n = 3642), we asked respondents to what extent they would recommend psychotropic medication, psychotherapy and relaxation techniques for a person with mental illness described in an unlabelled vignette...
December 28, 2016: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002758/association-between-schizophrenia-and-urinary-incontinence-a-population-based-study
#13
Wen-Yu Hsu, Chih-Hsin Muo, Szu-Pin Ma, Chia-Hung Kao
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence (UI) is defined as the involuntary loss of urine and can constitute a hygiene or social problem for affected patients. Whether the UI incidence is higher in patients with schizophrenia than in the general population remains undetermined. METHODS: The patients were selected from the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, using claims data from 2005 to 2011. We compared the risk of UI between schizophrenia and nonschizophrenia groups...
December 14, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002662/association-between-lithium-use-and-risk-of-alzheimer-s-disease
#14
Chin Cheng, Peter Zandi, Elizabeth Stuart, Ching-Heng Lin, Pei-Yu Su, G Caleb Alexander, Tsuo-Hung Lan
OBJECTIVE: Current evidence for the association between use of lithium and risk of dementia is mixed. The objective of this study was to assess the risk of Alzheimer's disease associated with use of lithium. METHODS: A population-based, nested case-control study was conducted using data from the National Health Insurance Research Database in 2002 covering 24.5 million beneficiaries of the Taiwan National Health Insurance Program from January 1, 1997, to December 31, 2009...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994714/factors-associated-with-adherence-to-the-hedis-quality-measure-in-medicaid-patients-with-schizophrenia
#15
Marie-Hélène Lafeuille, Christian Frois, Michel Cloutier, Mei Sheng Duh, Patrick Lefebvre, Jacqueline Pesa, Zoe Clancy, John Fastenau, Mike Durkin
BACKGROUND: Treatment continuity is a major challenge in the long-term management of patients with schizophrenia; poor patient adherence to antipsychotic drugs has been associated with negative clinical outcomes. Long-acting injectable therapies may improve adherence and lessen the risk for psychiatric-related relapse, often leading to rehospitalization and higher healthcare costs. Therefore, understanding the determinants of adherence to antipsychotics is critical in the management of patients with schizophrenia...
October 2016: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991418/medical-resource-utilization-by-taiwanese-psychiatric-inpatients-under-the-national-health-insurance-system
#16
Chiachi Bonnie Lee, Chung-Yi Li, Chih-Ming Lin
BACKGROUND: The length of stay in Taiwan's psychiatric facilities is unusually long compared with that of other countries. AIMS OF THE STUDY: To identify factors associated with the high length of stay in the acute and chronic psychiatric wards of a public psychiatric hospital. METHODS: The present study consisted of 912 inpatients discharged from a public psychiatric hospital in Northern Taiwan in 2005. Demographic characteristics, discharge diagnoses, and medical resource utilization were retrieved from the inpatient claim data of the National Health Insurance Database...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979698/social-cognition-and-paranoia-in-forensic-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-a-cross-sectional-study
#17
Helen Bratton, Suzanne O'Rourke, Louise Tansey, Paul Hutton
BACKGROUND: People diagnosed with schizophrenia have difficulties in emotion recognition and theory of mind, and these may contribute to paranoia. The aim of this study was to determine whether this relationship is evident in patients residing in a secure forensic setting. METHOD: Twenty-seven male participants with a diagnosis of schizophrenia and a history of offending behaviour were assessed using The Awareness of Social Inference Test (TASIT), The Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ) and The Green et al...
December 12, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978811/disenrollment-from-general-practitioners-among-chronic-patients-a-register-based-longitudinal-study-of-norwegian-claims-data
#18
Anastasia Mokienko, Knut Reidar Wangen
BACKGROUND: Norwegian general practitioners (GPs) consult on a variety of conditions with a mix of patient types. Patients with chronic diseases benefit from appropriate continuity of care and generally visit their GPs more often than the average patient. Our aim was to study disenrollment patterns among patients with chronic diseases in Norway, because such patterns could indicate otherwise unobserved GP quality. For instance, higher quality GPs could have both a greater share of patients with chronic diseases and lower disenrollment rates...
December 15, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927259/association-between-recognition-and-help-seeking-preferences-and-stigma-towards-people-with-mental-illness
#19
L Picco, E Abdin, S Pang, J A Vaingankar, A Jeyagurunathan, S A Chong, M Subramaniam
AIMS: The ability to recognise a mental illness has important implications as it can aid in timely and appropriate help-seeking, and ultimately improve outcomes for people with mental illness. This study aims to explore the association between recognition and help-seeking preferences and stigmatising attitudes, for alcohol abuse, dementia, depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and schizophrenia, using a vignette-based approach. METHODS: This was a population-based, cross-sectional survey conducted among Singapore Residents (n = 3006) aged 18-65 years...
December 8, 2016: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926911/first-rank-symptoms-in-methamphetamine-psychosis-and-schizophrenia
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
James Shelly, Anne Uhlmann, Heidi Sinclair, Fleur M Howells, Goodman Sibeko, Don Wilson, Dan J Stein, Henk Temmingh
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine psychosis (MAP) symptomatology has been described as indistinguishable from that of schizophrenia (SZ), yet research comparing these two disorders on specific psychotic symptoms such as schneiderian first-rank symptoms (FRS) is lacking. We aimed to determine and compare the occurrence and associations of FRS in patients diagnosed with MAP and with SZ. SAMPLING AND METHOD: Data from SCID-I interviews performed on patients with either a diagnosis of SZ or MAP were compared...
2016: Psychopathology
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