keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Association schizophrenia logistic regression

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738196/parental-age-and-the-risk-of-obsessive-compulsive-disorder-and-tourette-syndrome-chronic-tic-disorder-in-a-nationwide-population-based-sample
#1
Roshan Chudal, Susanna Leivonen, Hanna Rintala, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Andre Sourander
OBJECTIVES: Advancing paternal age has been associated with several neuropsychiatric disorders in children. However, there is limited understanding of this association with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and Tourette syndrome/chronic tic disorder (TS/CT) with inconsistent findings. We examined the association between parental age and offspring OCD and TS/CT. METHODS: This nested case-control study used the Finnish Hospital Discharge Register (FHDR) to identify 1358 individuals with OCD and 1195 with TS/CT, born from 1991 to 2009 and diagnosed by 2010...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734239/stigma-resistance-and-its-association-with-internalised-stigma-and-psychosocial-outcomes-among-psychiatric-outpatients
#2
Ying Wen Lau, Louisa Picco, Shirlene Pang, Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Pratika Satghare, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
Studies have suggested that stigma resistance plays an important role in the recovery from mental illness. However, there has been limited research in Asian countries that has examined the benefits of stigma resistance among the mentally ill in Asian populations. Hence, this study aimed to assess the prevalence of stigma resistance and establish the socio-demographic correlates of stigma resistance, as well as its association with internalised stigma and psychosocial outcomes among a multi-ethnic population of 280 outpatients with obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), schizophrenia, depressive disorders and anxiety disorders in Singapore...
July 14, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734096/association-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection-with-schizophrenia-and-its-relationship-with-suicide-attempts-in-these-patients
#3
Maryam Ansari-Lari, Hassan Farashbandi, Fahimeh Mohammadi
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the association of schizophrenia and T. gondii, and to assess the association of infection with suicide attempts and age of onset of schizophrenia in these patients. METHODS: Case-control study Fars Province, southern Iran. Cases were individuals with psychiatric diagnosis of schizophrenia as per Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) criteria. Controls were healthy blood donors, frequency matched with patients according to age and sex...
July 22, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716128/tobacco-dependence-among-people-with-mental-illness-a-facility-based-cross-sectional-study-from-southwest-ethiopia
#4
Zemenay Molla, Lamesa Dube, Wolfgang Krahl, Matiwos Soboka
BACKGROUND: Tobacco smoking is a health care issue in developed as well as in developing countries. Tobacco smoking among people with mental illness is significantly higher than in the general population. Tobacco smoking has negative effects on physical, mental and financial well-being of people with mental illness but little is known about tobacco dependence among mental health service users in sub-Saharan African countries, including Ethiopia. Therefore, this study attempted to assess the prevalence of tobacco dependence and associated factors among mental health service users at Jimma University teaching hospital...
July 17, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697856/demographic-and-clinical-correlates-of-substance-use-disorders-in-first-episode-psychosis
#5
Mary F Brunette, Kim T Mueser, Steven Babbin, Piper Meyer-Kalos, Robert Rosenheck, Christoph U Correll, Corrine Cather, Delbert G Robinson, Nina R Schooler, David L Penn, Jean Addington, Sue E Estroff, Jennifer Gottlieb, Shirley M Glynn, Patricia Marcy, James Robinson, John M Kane
BACKGROUND: We assessed the prevalence and correlates of lifetime substance use disorders in people with first episode psychosis using the baseline data from the Recovery After an Initial Schizophrenia Episode (RAISE) Early Treatment Program study. METHODS: Research staff assessed 404 first episode patients at 34 community mental health centers across the United States with the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV for diagnoses of psychotic and substance use disorders...
July 8, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687481/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-hiv-hepatitis-b-and-hepatitis-c-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-total-population-study-of-sweden
#6
Clarissa Bauer-Staeb, Lena Jörgensen, Glyn Lewis, Christina Dalman, David P J Osborn, Joseph F Hayes
BACKGROUND: Severe mental illness is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. The elevated risk of blood-borne viruses (BBVs) in people with severe mental illness is of concern, but the full extent of this problem is unclear. We aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for BBVs in people with severe mental illness. METHODS: In this nationwide, population-based, cross-sectional study, we estimated the point prevalence of HIV, hepatitis B (HBV), and hepatitis C (HCV) in people with severe mental illness, including the total adult (≥18 years) Swedish population...
July 4, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651908/prevalence-demographic-and-clinical-features-of-comorbid-depressive-symptoms-in-drug-na%C3%A3-ve-patients-with-schizophrenia-presenting-with-first-episode-psychosis
#7
Jing Dai, Xiangdong Du, Guangzhong Yin, Yingyang Zhang, Haishen Xia, Xiaosi Li, Rylan Cassidy, Qingchun Tong, Dachun Chen, Antonio Lucio Teixeira, Yingjun Zheng, Yuping Ning, Jair C Soares, Man-Xi He, Xiang Yang Zhang
Depressive symptoms are common in first episode schizophrenia. However, the prevalence and its associations of comorbid depressive symptoms with clinical variables are less well characterized in Chinese Han patients with schizophrenia. In this cross-sectional study, we recruited 240 first-episode and drug naïve (FEDN) inpatients with schizophrenia. All patients were rated on the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HAMD-17) to measure depressive symptoms, and also on the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for psychopathology...
June 23, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637633/physical-activity-correlates-among-people-with-psychosis-data-from-47-low-and-middle-income-countries
#8
Brendon Stubbs, Davy Vancampfort, Joseph Firth, Mats Hallgren, Felipe Schuch, Nicola Veronese, Marco Solmi, Fiona Gaughran, Kai G Kahl, Simon Rosenbaum, Philip B Ward, Andre F Carvalho, Ai Koyanagi
BACKGROUND: People with schizophrenia engage in low levels of physical activity (PA). However, few large-scale studies have investigated the factors that may influence PA participation in individuals with psychosis and data from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) is especially scarce. Thus, we investigated PA correlates in a large sample of people with a psychosis diagnosis across 47 LMICs. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from the World Health Survey, restricting to those with a self-reported lifetime diagnosis of schizophrenia/psychotic disorder, was analyzed...
June 18, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602445/pre-existing-psychiatric-illness-is-associated-with-increased-risk-of-recurrent-takotsubo-cardiomyopathy
#9
Arash Nayeri, Eric Rafla-Yuan, Eric Farber-Eger, Marcia Blair, Boback Ziaeian, Martin Cadeiras, John A McPherson, Quinn S Wells
BACKGROUND: The increased prevalence of psychiatric illness among patients with takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) has been previously described. OBJECTIVES: We sought to assess the effect of pre-existing psychiatric illness on clinical outcomes following the diagnosis of TC. METHODS: Adults diagnosed with TC at Vanderbilt University Medical Center between 1999 and 2015 were included in the study. Medical records were retrospectively reviewed to identify any pre-existing mood, anxiety, or schizophrenia-spectrum illness before TC presentation...
April 20, 2017: Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593353/diabetic-ketoacidosis-and-diabetes-associated-with-antipsychotic-exposure-among-a-previously-diabetes-naive-population-with-schizophrenia-a-nationwide-nested-case-control-study
#10
Christoffer Polcwiartek, Kristian Kragholm, Christopher Rohde, Nasseh Hashemi, Torkel Vang, Jimmi Nielsen
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) is a potentially fatal metabolic emergency of both type 1 and type 2 diabetes. Although there is a reduced risk of type 1 diabetes in schizophrenia, the incidence of DKA is tenfold higher than that of the general population. Thus, we aimed to investigate associations between exposure to antipsychotic medication (within 3 months prior to event) and DKA, type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. We also reported related, clinically relevant outcomes...
June 7, 2017: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558905/correlates-and-predictors-of-antipsychotic-drug-polypharmacy-in-real-life-settings-results-from-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#11
Leo Malandain, Florence Thibaut, Lamiae Grimaldi-Bensouda, Bruno Falissard, Lucien Abenhaim, Clementine Nordon
Reasons for using antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP) in routine clinical practice, despite a potentially unfavorable risk-benefit ratio, are poorly understood. This research aimed to determine (1) if severe courses of schizophrenia were associated with APP and (2) if a schizophrenia-related acute event would predict a switch to APP in the short term. Observational prospective data (at baseline and 6months) were drawn from a French nationwide cohort ("Cohorte Générale Schizophrénie"), which included 1859 inpatients and outpatients with schizophrenia...
May 27, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28556887/comt-val158met-and-mthfr-c677t-moderate-risk-of-schizophrenia-in-response-to-childhood-adversity
#12
J-C Debost, M Debost, J Grove, O Mors, D M Hougaard, A D Børglum, P B Mortensen, L Petersen
OBJECTIVE: Mesolimbic dopamine sensitization has been hypothesized to be a mediating factor of childhood adversity (CA) on schizophrenia risk. Activity of catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) Val158Met increases mesolimbic dopamine signaling and may be further regulated by methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) C677T. This study investigates the three-way interaction between CA, COMT, and MTHFR. METHODS: We conducted a nested case-control study on individuals born after 1981, linking population-based registers to study the three-way interaction...
May 29, 2017: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544350/association-between-the-zinc-finger-protein-804a-znf804a-gene-and-the-risk-of-schizophrenia-and-bipolar-i-disorder-across-diagnostic-boundaries
#13
Ji Hyun Baek, Kyooseob Ha, Yongkang Kim, So Yung Yang, Eun-Young Cho, Yujin Choi, Seunghyong Ryu, Yu-Sang Lee, Taesung Park, Kyung Sue Hong
OBJECTIVES: In this study, we aimed to determine the role of genetic variations within the zinc finger protein 804A (ZNF804A) gene, a candidate for a psychosis risk-conferring gene, in the development of schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BP) in the Korean population. METHODS: A total of 921 patients with SZ, bipolar I (BP-I) and II (BP-II) disorder, and 502 control subjects participated in the study. Twenty-one tag single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across the genomic region of ZNF804A and seven reference SNPs based on previous reports were genotyped...
May 22, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538629/outcomes-following-traumatic-injury-in-patients-with-preexisting-psychiatric-illness
#14
Erika Falsgraf, Kenji Inaba, Amory de Roulet, Megan Johnson, Elizabeth Benjamin, Lydia Lam, Kazuhide Matsushima, Aaron Strumwasser, Demetrios Demetriades
BACKGROUND: Patients with psychiatric illness have been shown to experience higher rates of traumatic injury. Injury patterns, treatment decisions, and outcomes have not been well characterized in patients with psychiatric illness after injury, in particular those who undergo acute surgical intervention. The purpose of this analysis was to determine mortality, complications, and surgical intervention rates in patients with psychiatric illness following traumatic injury. METHODS: This is a retrospective study of trauma patients ≥18 years old admitted to LAC+USC Medical Center between January 2008 and March 2015...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526049/psychological-status-and-quality-of-life-among-primary-caregivers-of-individuals-with-mental-illness-a-hospital-based-study
#15
Anitha Jeyagurunathan, Vathsala Sagayadevan, Edimansyah Abdin, YunJue Zhang, Sherilyn Chang, Saleha Shafie, Restria Fauziana Abdul Rahman, Janhavi Ajit Vaingankar, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to explore the psychological status and quality of life among primary caregivers of individuals suffering from various mental illnesses including early psychosis, chronic schizophrenia, depressive disorders, anxiety disorders and dementia. METHODS: A total of 350 primary caregivers with relatives seeking treatment at a tertiary psychiatric hospital were recruited for this study. Socio-demographic data was obtained and the brief version of the World Health Organisation Quality of Life instrument was used to assess caregiver's quality of life (QOL)...
May 19, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492956/relationship-between-the-rs1414334-c-g-polymorphism-in-the-htr2c-gene-and-smoking-in-patients-treated-with-atypical-antipsychotics
#16
José María Rico-Gomis, Antonio Palazón-Bru, Irene Triano-García, Luis Fabián Mahecha-García, Ana García-Monsalve, Andrés Navarro-Ruiz, Berta Villagordo-Peñalver, Alicia Martínez-Hortelano, Vicente Francisco Gil-Guillén
An association has been found between the C allele of the rs1414334 polymorphism in the HTR2C gene and the metabolic syndrome in psychiatric patients. However, no study has yet evaluated whether this allele is associated with smoking. To assess this issue, therefore, we performed a cross-sectional study with a sample of 166 adult patients treated with atypical antipsychotics in 2012-2013 in a region of Spain. The primary variable was the presence of the C allele of the rs1414334 polymorphism in the HTR2C gene...
July 14, 2017: Adicciones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475373/efficacy-and-safety-of-lurasidone-in-adolescents-with-schizophrenia-a-6-week-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#17
Robert Goldman, Antony Loebel, Josephine Cucchiaro, Ling Deng, Robert L Findling
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of lurasidone in acutely symptomatic adolescent patients with schizophrenia. METHODS: Patients aged 13-17 years were randomly assigned to 6 weeks of double-blind, fixed-dose lurasidone (40 or 80 mg/day) or placebo. Primary and key secondary efficacy measures were change from baseline to week 6 in the Positive and Negative Symptom Scale (PANSS) total score and Clinical Global Impressions-Severity (CGI-S) score, respectively, using mixed model for repeated measurement (MMRM) analysis...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449629/the-changing-epidemiology-of-hiv-in-the-criminal-justice-system
#18
Jacques Baillargeon, John S Pulvino, Jane E Leonardson, Lannette C Linthicum, Brie Williams, Joseph Penn, Robert S Williams, Gwen Baillargeon, Owen J Murray
Although the rate of HIV infection among US prison inmates is considerably higher than that of the general population, little is known about age-related changes in HIV-infected inmates over the last decade. This study of the nation's largest state prison system examined (1) whether the mean age of the HIV-infected inmate increased over the last decade, and (2) whether the prevalence of HIV and associated comorbidities varied according to age. The study population included all 230,103 inmates incarcerated in the Texas prison system for any duration during 2014...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433088/parental-age-and-offspring-psychopathology-in-the-philadelphia-neurodevelopmental-cohort
#19
Alison K Merikangas, Monica E Calkins, Warren B Bilker, Tyler M Moore, Ruben C Gur, Raquel E Gur
OBJECTIVE: Increasing evidence implicates advanced paternal age at offspring birth in neuropsychiatric disorders. Advanced maternal age has also been associated with schizophrenia and other neurodevelopmental disorders, whereas younger maternal age has been linked with behavioral disorders. Few studies have considered the specificity of the associations with respect to comorbidity. In addition, most prior studies have been conducted in clinical samples or registries that may reflect more severe forms of psychopathology...
May 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429844/a-comparison-of-clinical-characteristics-of-older-adults-treated-with-antidepressants-in-general-and-psychiatric-hospitals-in-asia
#20
Yuan-Yuan Wang, Yu-Tao Xiang, Gabor S Ungvari, Chee H Ng, Helen F K Chiu, Larina C L Yim, Tian-Mei Si, Kok-Yoon Chee, Ajit Avasthi, Sandeep Grover, Mian-Yoon Chong, Kang Sim, Shigenobu Kanba, Yan-Ling He, Min-Soo Lee, Shu-Yu Yang, Pichet Udomratn, Roy A Kallivayalil, Andi J Tanra, Margarita M Maramis, Winston W Shen, Norman Sartorius, Rathi Mahendran, Jia-Ying Teng, Chay-Hoon Tan, Naotaka Shinfuku
AIM: This study compared the demographics, clinical characteristics, and antidepressant prescription patterns between Asian patients aged 50 years and older attending psychiatric hospitals and those attending general hospitals. METHODS: In total, 955 patients (604 in general hospitals, 351 in psychiatric hospitals) aged 50 years or older treated with antidepressants in 10 Asian countries and territories were examined. Patients' demographics, clinical features, and prescriptions of psychotropic drugs were recorded using a standardized protocol and data collection procedure...
April 21, 2017: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
keyword
keyword
88891
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"