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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046010/-differential-diagnosis-of-mediastinal-and-hilar-lymphadenopathy-with-focus-on-occupational-diseases
#1
H Lux, L Barreira Cavalcante, X Baur
Hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy may represent a diagnostic challenge in clinical practice. This article is intended to facilitate differential diagnosis by a systematic description of relevant pathologies, notably with occupational etiology. Clinical findings of relevant diseases, i. e. of tuberculosis, chronic beryllium disease, sarcoidosis, lung cancer, malignant lymphoma, Epstein-Barr virus infection, and histoplasmosis are compared.Case history, imaging and laboratory tests have important diagnostic impact...
October 18, 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039215/a-clinical-assessment-and-lung-tissue-burden-from-an-individual-who-worked-as-a-libby-vermiculite-miner
#2
Brad Black, Ronald F Dodson, James R Bruce, Lee W Poye, Claudia Henschke, Gregory Loewen
During its days of operation (1920s-1990), the world's largest source of vermiculite was extracted from a mine located near Libby, Montana. The material mined at this site was shipped for various commercial applications to numerous sites in the United States. There was a "fibrous" component with toxic potential within the vermiculite deposit that has resulted in "asbestos-like" diseases/deaths being reported in numerous studies involving miners as well as residents of the town of Libby. The present case involves the clinical assessments of an individual who worked at the mine from 1969 to 1990...
October 17, 2017: Inhalation Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034672/-motivations-and-obstacles-to-occupational-disease-claims-in-lung-cancer-patients-an-exploratory-psychosocial-study
#3
Manon Britel, Olivia Pérol, Stéphanie Blois Da Conceiçao, Manon Ficty, Houria Brunet, Virginie Avrillon, Barbara Charbotel, Béatrice Fervers
PURPOSE: The proportion of lung cancers with an occupational origin has been estimated to be between 10 and 20%. They are largely under-reported, as 60% are not compensated as occupational disease. Although most patients are not familiar with the process of compensation, other factors could explain this under-reporting. The aim of this study was to identify psychosocial factors that could impact patients with occupational lung cancer to claim for compensation. METHODS: We conducted a case study involving semi-structured interviews with eight lung cancer patients enrolled in a cohort designed to systematically screen occupational exposures and propose claims for compensation to work-related cancer patients...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983782/electronic-cigarettes-their-constituents-and-potential-links-to-asthma
#4
REVIEW
Phillip W Clapp, Ilona Jaspers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Vaping is gaining popularity in the USA, particularly among teens and young adults. While e-cigs are commonly represented as safer alternatives to tobacco cigarettes, little is known regarding the health effects of their short- or long-term use, especially in individuals with pre-existing respiratory diseases such as asthma. Flavored e-cig liquids (e-liquids) and e-cig aerosols contain airway irritants and toxicants that have been implicated in the pathogenesis and worsening of lung diseases...
October 5, 2017: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979357/prevalence-of-human-hydatidosis-based-on-hospital-records-in-hamadan-west-of-iran-from-2006-to-2013
#5
Nazanin Fallah, Khadijeh Rahmati, Mohammad Fallah
BACKGROUND: The reservoir and intermediate hosts of Echinococcus granulsus and human hydatidosis are more prevalent in the Alborz and Zagros Mountains slop due to rich pastures for sheep raising. Many cases of hydatid cysts operate in local hospitals annually. The present study aimed to review the epidemiologic characteristics of the hydatidosis patients. METHODS: In this descriptive study, the medical files of 182 hydatidosis patients from main public and private hospitals in Hamadan Province, western Iran from 2006 to 2013 were reviewed...
July 2017: Iranian Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972600/spirometric-and-hygienic-criteria-in-recognition-of-occupational-copd-in-poland-a-retrospective-analysis-of-medical-records
#6
Aneta Kleniewska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Kamila Szcześniak, Marta Wiszniewska
OBJECTIVES: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) may be work-related. It has been estimated that 15% of the population burden of COPD is attributable to occupational exposure. However, in Poland COPD is rarely recognized as an occupational disease. The aim of the study has been to analyze the causes of the low prevalence of work-related COPD in the context of the existing criteria as well as to analyze which part of the assessment - clinical or hygienic one - is responsible for such a low rate of occupational COPD recognitions...
October 2, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970595/exposure-to-cooking-fumes-and-acute-reversible-decrement-in-lung-functional-capacity
#7
Masoud Neghab, Mahdieh Delikhoon, Abbas Norouzian Baghani, Jafar Hassanzadeh
BACKGROUND: Being exposed to cooking fumes, kitchen workers are occupationally at risk of multiple respiratory hazards. No conclusive evidence exists as to whether occupational exposure to these fumes is associated with acute and chronic pulmonary effects and symptoms of respiratory diseases. OBJECTIVE: To quantify the exposure levels and evaluate possible chronic and acute pulmonary effects associated with exposure to cooking fumes. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 60 kitchen workers exposed to cooking fumes and 60 unexposed employees were investigated...
October 2017: International Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954480/analysis-of-the-impact-of-harmful-factors-in-the-workplace-on-functioning-of-the-respiratory-system-of-firefighters
#8
Magdalena Witt, Mariusz Goniewicz, Witold Pawłowski, Krzysztof Goniewicz, Wiesława Biczysko
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Firefighters are considered a healthy and fit group of individuals, well-prepared for taking action in disaster situations. While working, they suffer from exposure to certain toxic agents, especially combustion products generated when a fire takes place. Among them, the most frequent and the most toxic are: carbon monoxide, hydrogen cyanide, ammonia, and those resulting from PVC combustion - hydrochloride, phosgene and chloride. Additionally, fire-extinguisher powder can be inhaled and lead to certain lesion in the airways...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine: AAEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940040/analysis-of-mortality-in-a-pooled-cohort-of-canadian-and-german-uranium-processing-workers-with-no-mining-experience
#9
Lydia B Zablotska, Nora Fenske, Maria Schnelzer, Sergey Zhivin, Dominique Laurier, Michaela Kreuzer
PURPOSE: Long-term health risks of occupational exposures to uranium processing were examined to better understand potential differences with uranium underground miners and nuclear reactor workers. METHODS: A cohort study of mortality of workers from Port Hope, Canada (1950-1999) and Wismut, Germany (1946-2008) employed in uranium milling, refining, and processing was conducted. Poisson regression was used to evaluate the association between cumulative exposures to radon decay products (RDP) and gamma-rays and causes of death potentially related to uranium processing...
September 22, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937063/a-mini-epidemic-of-anti-glomerular-basement-membrane-disease-clinical-and-epidemiological-study
#10
Umesh Lingaraj, Shivaprasad Sasivehalli Mallappa, Rajiv Elkal Neminah, Satishkumar Madakala Mohan, Leelavathi Venkatesh, Sreedhara Chikkanayakanahalli Gurusiddaiah, Niranjan Manibally Rachaiah
Acute glomerulonephritis due to anti-glomerular basement membrane (anti-GBM) antibody disease is rare, estimated to occur in fewer than one case per million population and accounts for less than 20% of rapidly progressive glomerulonephritis. The prevalence among patients evaluated for potential glomerular disease is lower. It accounts for fewer than 3% of all kidney biopsies done with crescentic glomerulonephritis. Cases of anti-GBM disease occurring in a cluster have rarely been reported. All biopsy proven anti-GBM disease cases were collected from January 2015 to March 2015 at our Institute...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932330/is-male-rheumatoid-arthritis-an-occupational-disease-a-review
#11
Dan Murphy, David Hutchinson
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a systemic, inflammatory disease with an estimated global prevalence of 0.3-1.0%. An unexplained association exists between low formal education and the development of RA independent of smoking. It is established that RA is initiated in the lungs and that various occupations associated with dust, fume and metal inhalation can increase the risk of RA development. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review is to evaluate published clinical reports related to occupations associated with RA development...
2017: Open Rheumatology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914424/new-perspectives-in-nanotherapeutics-for-chronic-respiratory-diseases
#12
Adriana Lopes da Silva, Fernanda Ferreira Cruz, Patricia Rieken Macedo Rocco, Marcelo Marcos Morales
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), hundreds of millions of people of all ages and in all countries suffer from chronic respiratory diseases, with particular negative consequences such as poor health-related quality of life, impaired work productivity, and limitations in the activities of daily living. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, occupational lung diseases (such as silicosis), cystic fibrosis, and pulmonary arterial hypertension are the most common of these diseases, and none of them are curable with current therapies...
September 15, 2017: Biophysical Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912379/element-based-prognostics-of-occupational-pneumoconiosis-using-micro-proton-induced-x-ray-emission-analysis
#13
Xiaodong He, Hao Shen, Zidan Chen, Caicai Rong, Minqin Ren, Likun Hou, Chunyan Wu, Ling Mao, Quan Lu, B O Su
Pneumoconiosis is an occupational disease accompanied by long-term lung impairment for which prediction of prognosis is poorly understood because of the complexity of the inhaled particles. Micro-proton-induced X-ray emission (micro-PIXE) analysis, which is advantageous for high-sensitivity 2D element mapping of lung tissues, was used to investigate element-based predictive factors of prognosis in Chinese patients with welder's and coal miner's pneumoconiosis. Chest radiographs and lung function tests showed that most of the coal miners deteriorated, while symptoms in some welders were alleviated after five years, as determined by comparing percent vital capacity (VC%) and forced expiratory volume in the first second over forced vital capacity (FEV1...
September 14, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905809/the-acceptance-of-illness-in-lung-cancer-patients-before-and-after-surgical-treatment
#14
Andrzej Nowicki, Paulina Graczyk, Marzena Lemanowicz
Lung cancer is the most common malignant tumor in the world, as well as one of the cancers with the most fatal prognosis. The acceptance of the disease is the most important element of the adaptive process. The better the illness acceptance, the lower the stress level and the higher the self-esteem, which facilitates the adaptation to the health status. AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the acceptance of the disease in patients before and after lung cancer surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in 2016 at the Center of Oncology in Bydgoszcz and the Kuyavian and Pomeranian Pulmonology Center in Bydgoszcz...
August 31, 2017: Polski Przeglad Chirurgiczny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898964/comparison-of-clinic-models-for-patients-with-work-related-asthma
#15
J C Lipszyc, F Silverman, D L Holness, G M Liss, K L Lavoie, S M Tarlo
Background: Work-related asthma (WRA) is a prevalent occupational lung disease that is associated with undesirable effects on psychological status, quality of life (QoL), workplace activity and socioeconomic status. Previous studies have also indicated that clinic structure may impact outcomes among patients with asthma. Aims: To identify the impact of clinic structure on psychological status, QoL, workplace limitations and socioeconomic status of patients with WRA among two different tertiary clinic models...
August 1, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886193/estimating-the-incidence-of-interstitial-lung-diseases-in-the-cree-of-eeyou-istchee-northern-qu%C3%A3-bec
#16
Matthieu Storme, Alexandre Semionov, Deborah Assayag, Michael Lefson, Darlene Kitty, David Dannenbaum, Jill Torrie, Pierre Lejeune, Elizabeth Robinson, Faiz Ahmad Khan
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the epidemiology of interstitial lung disease (ILD) amongst Canada's Indigenous populations. Clinicians working in Eeyou Istchee (the Cree territory of the James Bay region of Québec, population 17, 956) suspected that ILD was more common in this area. We sought to identify all prevalent and incident cases of ILD in Eeyou Istchee between 2006 and 2013, to describe characteristics of affected patients, distribution of subtypes, and estimate disease incidence...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885346/a-case-control-study-of-the-association-between-self-reported-occupational-and-recreational-physical-activity-and-lung-cancer
#17
Fei He, Li-Mei Chen, Wei-Min Xiong, Qiu-Ping Xu, Ren-Dong Xiao, Xu Li, Tao Lin, Lin Cai
This case-control study with a Fujian population investigated whether self-reported occupational and recreational physical activity may be associated with lung cancer.The population comprised 1622 patients with newly diagnosed primary lung cancer and 1622 age- and gender-matched healthy controls.High-intensity occupational physical activity was associated with significantly higher risk of lung cancer (OR = 1.354, 95% CI: 1.068-1.717), especially nonsmall cell lung carcinoma (OR = 1.384, 95% CI: 1.087-1...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882991/artificial-stone-associated-silicosis-a-rapidly-emerging-occupational-lung-disease
#18
Ryan F Hoy, Timothy Baird, Gary Hammerschlag, David Hart, Anthony R Johnson, Paul King, Michael Putt, Deborah H Yates
INTRODUCTION: Artificial stone is an increasingly popular material used to fabricate kitchen and bathroom benchtops. Cutting and grinding artificial stone is associated with generation of very high levels of respirable crystalline silica, and the frequency of cases of severe silicosis associated with this exposure is rapidly increasing. AIM: To report the characteristics of a clinical series of Australian workers with artificial stone-associated silicosis. METHODS: Respiratory physicians voluntarily reported cases of artificial stone-associated silicosis identified in their clinical practices...
September 7, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872302/high-affinity-interactions-of-beryllium-2-with-phosphatidylserine-result-in-a-cross-linking-effect-reducing-surface-recognition-of-the-lipid
#19
Yuri A Ermakov, Kishore Kamaraju, Antonina Dunina-Barkovskaya, Khava S Vishnyakova, Yegor E Yegorov, Andriy Anishkin, Sergei Sukharev
Beryllium has multiple industrial applications, but its manufacture is associated with a serious occupational risk of developing chronic inflammation in the lungs known as berylliosis, or chronic beryllium disease. Although the Be(2+)-induced abnormal immune responses have recently been linked to a specific MHC-II allele, the nature of long-lasting granulomas is not fully understood. Here we show that Be(2+) binds with a micromolar affinity to phosphatidylserine (PS), the major surface marker of apoptotic cells...
October 10, 2017: Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869238/familial-interstitial-pulmonary-fibrosis-in-two-different-families-in-india-a-case-series
#20
Dabhi Pradipkumar, Arunachal Gautham, Richa Gupta, Prince James, Balamugesh Thangakunam, Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher
INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), a chronic progressive interstitial lung disease (ILD), Occasionally, IPF occurs in families. Familial interstitial lung disease has been reported worldwide, limited information is available on the disease among Indian patients. CASE PRESENTATION: A 59-year-old woman presented with a 2-year history of progressive dyspnoea. Based on clinical and radiological features, our patient was diagnosed with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis...
September 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
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