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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166351/tool-for-diagnosing-gaps-within-a-competency-based-assessment-system
#1
S Beth Bierer, Colleen Y Colbert, Cecile M Foshee, Judith C French, Lily C Pien
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166349/developing-end-of-training-entrustable-professional-activities-for-psychiatry-results-and-methodological-lessons
#2
John Q Young, Caitlin Hasser, Erick H Hung, Martin Kusz, Patricia S O'Sullivan, Colin Stewart, Andrea Weiss, Nancy Williams
PURPOSE: To develop entrustable professional activities (EPAs) for psychiatry and to demonstrate an innovative, validity-enhancing methodology that may be relevant to other specialties. METHOD: A national task force employed a three-stage process from May 2014 to February 2017 to develop EPAs for psychiatry. In stage 1, the task force used an iterative consensus-driven process to construct proposed EPAs. Each included a title, full description, and relevant competencies...
November 21, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161170/examining-the-implementation-of-collaborative-competencies-in-a-critical-care-setting-key-challenges-for-enacting-competency-based-education
#3
Joanne Goldman, Simon Kitto, Scott Reeves
Interprofessional collaboration is recognised as an important factor in improving patient care in intensive care units (ICUs). Competency frameworks, and more specifically interprofessional competency frameworks, are a key strategy being used to support the development of attitudes, knowledge, skills, and behaviours needed for an interprofessional approach to care. However, evidence for the application of competencies is limited. This study aimed to extend our empirically based understanding of the significance of interprofessional competencies to actual clinical practice in an ICU...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157753/validit%C3%A3-et-reproductibilit%C3%A3-de-deux-grilles-d%C3%A2-observation-des-comp%C3%A3-tences-cliniques-des-internes-en-des-de-m%C3%A3-decine-interne
#4
P Pottier, F Cohen Aubart, O Steichen, M Desprets, M Pha, A Espitia, S Georgin-Lavialle, A Morel, J B Hardouin
INTRODUCTION: The revision of the French medical studies' third cycle ought to be competency-based. In internal medicine, theoretical and practical knowledge will be assessed online with e-learning and e-portfolio. In parallel, a reflection about clinical skills assessment forms is currently ongoing. In this context, our aim was to assess the reproducibility and validity of two assessment forms based on direct clinical observation. METHOD: A prospective and multicentric study has been conducted from November 2015 to October 2016 aiming at evaluating the French translations of the MINI-Clinical Examination Exercice (MINI-CEX) and the Standardized Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire (SPSQ)...
November 17, 2017: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156116/building-a-competency-based-leadership-program-with-campus-wide-implementation
#5
Kelley C Ashby, Paul J Mintner
This chapter outlines a process used by a large, public, research institution to create and implement a competency-based leadership development initiative across campus.
December 2017: New Directions for Student Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155654/surveillance-training-for-ebola-preparedness-in-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-guinea-bissau-senegal-and-mali
#6
Victor M Cáceres, Sekou Sidibe, McKenzie Andre, Denise Traicoff, Stephanie Lambert, Melanie King, Ditu Kazambu, Augusto Lopez, Biagio Pedalino, Dionisio J Herrera Guibert, Peter Wassawa, Placido Cardoso, Bernard Assi, Alioune Ly, Bouyagui Traore, Frederick J Angulo, Linda Quick
The 2014-2015 epidemic of Ebola virus disease in West Africa primarily affected Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. Several countries, including Mali, Nigeria, and Senegal, experienced Ebola importations. Realizing the importance of a trained field epidemiology workforce in neighboring countries to respond to Ebola importations, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Field Epidemiology Training Program unit implemented the Surveillance Training for Ebola Preparedness (STEP) initiative. STEP was a mentored, competency-based initiative to rapidly build up surveillance capacity along the borders of the at-risk neighboring countries Côte d'Ivoire, Mali, Senegal, and Guinea-Bissau...
December 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141485/flexible-competency-based-medical-education-more-time-efficient-higher-costs
#7
Tiuri R van Rossum, Fedde Scheele, Henk E Sluiter, Peter J Bosman, Lotte Rijksen, Ide C Heyligers
The financing of postgraduate medical education (PGME) becomes an important topic. PGME is costly, and in most western countries is partly paid by public funding. One of the models that can help to reduce costs is time-variable PGME. Moving to true outcome-based education can lead to more efficient training programs while maintaining educational quality. We analyzed the financial effects of time-variable PGME by identifying the educational activities of PGME programs and comparing the costs and revenues of these activities in gynecology training as an example...
November 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141480/benchmarking-for-research-related-competencies-a-curricular-mapping-approach-at-medical-faculties-in-germany
#8
Maria Lammerding-Koeppel, Olaf Fritze, Marianne Giesler, Elisabeth Narciss, Sandra Steffens, Annette Wosnik, Jan Griewatz
OBJECTIVES: Internationally, scientific and research-related competencies need to be sufficiently targeted as core outcomes in many undergraduate medical curricula. Since 2015, standards have been recommended for Germany in the National Competency-based Learning Objective Catalogue in Medicine (NKLM). The aim of this study is to develop a multi-center mapping approach for curricular benchmarking against national standards and against other medical faculties. METHOD: A total of 277 faculty members from four German medical faculties have mapped the local curriculum against the scientific and research-related NKLM objectives, using consented procedures, metrics, and tools...
November 16, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141086/use-of-entrustable-professional-activities-in-the-assessment-of-surgical-resident-competency
#9
Justin P Wagner, Catherine E Lewis, Areti Tillou, Vatche G Agopian, Chi Quach, Timothy R Donahue, O Joe Hines
Importance: Competency-based assessments of surgical resident performance require metrics of entrustable autonomy. Objectives: To designate entrustable professional activities (EPAs) in global performance and in specific operations, and to identify differences in perceived capability, autonomy, and expectations between surgical faculty and residents. Design, Setting, and Participants: This survey study was conducted from August 9, 2016, through August 24, 2016, in the Department of Surgery at the UCLA David Geffen School of Medicine...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141073/forces-of-tool-tissue-interaction-to-assess-surgical-skill-level
#10
Taku Sugiyama, Sanju Lama, Liu Shi Gan, Yaser Maddahi, Kourosh Zareinia, Garnette R Sutherland
Importance: The application of optimal forces between surgical instruments and tissue is fundamental to surgical performance and learning. To date, this force has not been measured clinically during the performance of microsurgery. Objectives: To establish a normative catalog of force profiles during the performance of surgery, to compare force variables among surgeons with different skill levels, and to evaluate whether such a force-based metric determines or differentiates skill level...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132410/application-of-latent-class-analysis-in-assessing-the-competency-of-physicians-in-china
#11
Zhuang Liu, Yue Zhang, Lei Tian, Baozhi Sun, Qing Chang, Yuhong Zhao
BACKGROUND: The physicians' competency is an important public health issue around the world. Several international organizations have taken the lead in examining the competencies required to be a physician. The purpose of this study is to identify subgroups of physicians' competency based upon the importance results of competency evaluation and provide a scientific basis for the qualitative research of the competency of physicians. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on a large population-based sample in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the central government in China...
November 13, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128651/design-and-rationale-of-the-medical-students-learning-weight-management-counseling-skills-msweight-group-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Judith K Ockene, Karen M Ashe, Rashelle B Hayes, Linda C Churchill, Sybil L Crawford, Alan C Geller, Denise Jolicoeur, Barbara C Olendzki, Maria Theresa Basco, Jyothi A Pendharkar, Kristi J Ferguson, Thomas P Guck, Katherine L Margo, Catherine A Okuliar, Monica A Shaw, Taraneh Soleymani, Diane D Stadler, Sarita S Warrier, Lori Pbert
Physicians have an important role addressing the obesity epidemic. Lack of adequate teaching to provide weight management counseling (WMC) is cited as a reason for limited treatment. National guidelines have not been translated into an evidence-supported, competency-based curriculum in medical schools. Weight Management Counseling in Medical Schools: A Randomized Controlled Trial (MSWeight) is designed to determine if a multi-modal theoretically-guided WMC educational intervention improves observed counseling skills and secondarily improve perceived skills and self-efficacy among medical students compared to traditional education (TE)...
November 8, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119582/emotions-and-assessment-considerations-for-rater-based-judgements-of-entrustment
#13
Carlos Gomez-Garibello, Meredith Young
CONTEXT: Assessment is subject to increasing scrutiny as medical education transitions towards a competency-based medical education (CBME) model. Traditional perspectives on the roles of assessment emphasise high-stakes, summative assessment, whereas CBME argues for formative assessment. Revisiting conceptualisations about the roles and formats of assessment in medical education provides opportunities to examine understandings and expectations of the assessment of learners. The act of the rater generating scores might be considered as an exclusively cognitive exercise; however, current literature has drawn attention to the notion of raters as measurement instruments, thereby attributing additional factors to their decision-making processes, such as social considerations and intuition...
November 9, 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117817/roadmap-for-creating-an-accelerated-three-year-medical-education-program
#14
Shou Ling Leong, Joan Cangiarella, Tonya Fancher, Lisa Dodson, Colleen Grochowski, Vicky Harnik, Carol Hustedde, Betsy Jones, Christina Kelly, Allison Macerollo, Annette C Reboli, Melvin Rosenfeld, Kristen Rundell, Tina Thompson, Robert Whyte, Martin Pusic
Medical education is undergoing significant transformation. Many medical schools are moving away from the concept of seat time to competency-based education and introducing flexibility in the curriculum that allows individualization. In response to rising student debt and the anticipated physician shortage, 35% of US medical schools are considering the development of accelerated pathways. The roadmap described in this paper is grounded in the experiences of the Consortium of Accelerated Medical Pathway Programs (CAMPP) members in the development, implementation, and evaluation of one type of accelerated pathway: the three-year MD program...
2017: Medical Education Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117271/nurses-professional-competency-and-organizational-commitment-is-it-important-for-human-resource-management
#15
Abbas Karami, Jamileh Farokhzadian, Golnaz Foroughameri
BACKGROUND: Professional competency is a fundamental concept in nursing, which has a direct relationship with quality improvement of patient care and public health. Organizational commitment as a kind of affective attachment or sense of loyalty to the organization is an effective factor for professional competency. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the nurses´ professional competency and their organizational commitment as well as the relationship between these two concepts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116220/vector-competence-of-european-mosquitoes-for-west-nile-virus
#16
REVIEW
Chantal Bf Vogels, Giel P Göertz, Gorben P Pijlman, Constantianus Jm Koenraadt
West Nile virus (WNV) is an arthropod-borne flavivirus of high medical and veterinary importance. The main vectors for WNV are mosquito species of the Culex genus that transmit WNV among birds, and occasionally to humans and horses, which are 'dead-end' hosts. Recently, several studies have been published that aimed to identify the mosquito species that serve as vectors for WNV in Europe. These studies provide insight in factors that can influence vector competence of European mosquito species for WNV. Here, we review the current knowledge on vector competence of European mosquitoes for WNV, and the molecular knowledge on physical barriers, anti-viral pathways and microbes that influence vector competence based on studies with other flaviviruses...
November 8, 2017: Emerging Microbes & Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115210/surgeon-performed-ultrasonography
#17
Tobias Todsen
Surgeons are increasingly using ultrasonography (US) in their clinical management of patients. However, US is a very user-dependent imaging modality and proper skills of the US operator are needed to ensure quality in patient care. This thesis explores the validity evidence for assessment of competence in abdominal and head & neck ultrasonography using the Objective Structured Assessment of Ultrasound Skills (OSAUS) scale. With the use of Messick's unitary framework of validity, five sources of validity evidence were explored: test content, response processes, inter-nal structure, relations to other variables, and consequences...
November 2017: Danish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115073/assessment-of-competence-in-emergency-medicine-among-healthcare-professionals-in-cameroon
#18
Sang Chul Kim, Young Sun Ro, Sang Do Shin, Dae Han Wi, Joongsik Jeong, Ju Ok Park, Kyong Min Sun, Kwangsoo Bae
Development of a competence-based curriculum is important. This study aimed to develop competence assessment tools in emergency medicine and use it to assess competence of Cameroonian healthcare professionals. This was a cross-sectional, descriptive study. Through literature review, expert survey, and discrimination tests, we developed a self-survey questionnaire and a scenario-based competence assessment tool for assessing clinical knowledge and self-confidence to perform clinical practices or procedures. The self-survey consisted of 23 domains and 94 questionnaires on a 5-point Likert scale...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114719/the-aboriginal-population-health-training-initiative-a-nsw-health-program-established-to-strengthen-the-aboriginal-public-health-workforce
#19
Ben Li, Aaron Cashmore, Dawn Arneman, Wendy Bryan-Clothier, Lisa K McCallum, Andrew Milat
OBJECTIVES: Increasing the representation of Aboriginal people in the health workforce can contribute to improving Aboriginal people's health and wellbeing by supporting the provision of more culturally appropriate health programs and services. The Aboriginal Population Health Training Initiative aims to strengthen the Aboriginal public health workforce in New South Wales (NSW), with the long-term goal of improving the health of Aboriginal people. Type of program or service: The program provides comprehensive, competency-based public health training for Aboriginal people...
October 11, 2017: Public Health Research & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114346/enhanced-skills-in-global-health-and-health-equity-guidelines-for-curriculum-development
#20
Russell Dawe, Andrea Pike, Monica Kidd, Praseedha Janakiram, Eileen Nicolle, Jill Allison
Introduction: Global health addresses health inequities in the care of underserved populations, both domestic and international. Given that health systems with a strong primary care foundation are the most equitable, effective and efficient, family medicine is uniquely positioned to engage in global health. However, there are no nationally recognized standards in Canada for postgraduate family medicine training in global health. Objective: To generate consensus on the essential components of a Global Health/Health Equity Enhanced Skills Program in family medicine...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
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