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Nana Zhang, Zeqin Lian, Xueying Peng, Zijian Li, Haibo Zhu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Aconitum has been used as local and traditional medicines in many asian regions for the treatment of various diseases such as collapse, syncope, painful joints, oedema, bronchial asthma et al. Higenamine, a plant-based alkaloid, was initially isolated from Aconitum and identified as the active cardiotonic component of Aconitum. It has been tested as a candidate of pharmacologic stress agent in the detection of coronary artery diseases (CADs) and now researchers have just accomplished the phase III clinical studies successfully in China...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Wenjiang Duan, Jianmin Chen, Yu Wu, Yong Zhang, Yuansheng Xu
Existing in Ranunculaceae Aconitum and tomato, with the chemical name 1-phydroxybenzyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahy-droisoquinoline, higenamine is widely distributed in China. Higenamine's anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and anti-apoptotic effects have been identified in previous studies. The present study attempted to determine the protective effect of higenamine against collagen-induced arthritis through heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) and PI3K/Akt/Nrf-2 signaling pathways. A type II collagen (CII)-induced arthritis (CIA) model was established and clinical arthritis scores were used to appraise the curative effect of higenamine...
November 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Louise Deldicque, Marc Francaux
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this article is to collect the most recent data regarding the safety of well-known or emerging dietary supplements used by athletes. RECENT FINDINGS: From January 2014 to April 2016, about 30 articles have been published in the field. New data show that 90% of sports supplements contain trace of estrogenic endocrine disruptors, with 25% of them having a higher estrogenic activity than acceptable. About 50% of the supplements are contaminated by melamine, a source of nonprotein nitrogen...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
Si Chen, Hailong Jiang, Yan Cao, Yun Wang, Ziheng Hu, Zhenyu Zhu, Yifeng Chai
Identifying the molecular targets for the beneficial effects of active small-molecule compounds simultaneously is an important and currently unmet challenge. In this study, we firstly proposed network analysis by integrating data from network pharmacology and metabolomics to identify targets of active components in sini decoction (SND) simultaneously against heart failure. To begin with, 48 potential active components in SND against heart failure were predicted by serum pharmacochemistry, text mining and similarity match...
2016: Scientific Reports
Mei-ping Wu, Yi-shuai Zhang, Qian-mei Zhou, Jian Xiong, Yao-rong Dong, Chen Yan
Cardiomyocyte apoptosis contributes to ischemic cardiac injury and the development of heart failure. Higenamine is a key component of the Chinese herb aconite root that has been prescribed for treating symptoms of heart failure for thousands of years in the oriental Asian countries. It has been shown that higenamine has anti-apoptotic effects in a few cell types including cardiomyocytes. However, the pharmacological target and molecular mechanism of higenamine in the heart are still not fully illustrated. Herein, we report that higenamine protected myocyte apoptosis and ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury through selective activation of beta2-adrenergic receptor (β2-AR)...
February 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Yitong Liu, Michael F Santillo
A number of dietary supplements used for weight loss and athletic performance enhancement have been recently shown to contain a variety of stimulants, for which there is a lack of pharmacological and toxicological information. One concern for these emerging compounds is their potential to inhibit metabolic enzymes in the liver such as cytochromes P450 (CYP), which can lead to unexpected interactions among dietary supplements, drugs, and other xenobiotics. In this study, inhibition of human recombinant CYP2D6 and CYP3A4 by 27 amine stimulants associated with dietary supplements and their analogs was evaluated by luminescence assays...
March 2016: Drug Testing and Analysis
Jonathan Jeter, Kent J DeZee, Laura Kennedy
Rhabdomyolysis is a painful and potentially life-threatening injury in which muscle breaks down in response to an insult. In this case report, we describe the clinical course of a 22-year-old man who developed paraspinal muscle rhabdomyolysis and possible compartment syndrome in association with strenuous activity and the ingestion of an exercise supplement containing the stimulant higenamine. Although he did not experience any renal damage, he did experience a high level of pain acutely and for the next 4 months...
July 2015: Military Medicine
Eisuke Kato, Yosuke Inagaki, Jun Kawabata
Hypoglycemic effect is an efficient means to modulate elevated blood glucose levels in patients with diabetes. We found that the extract of lotus plumule (the germ of Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn. seed) showed potent glucose uptake enhancement activity against L6 myotubes, which results in a hypoglycemic effect. This activity was further investigated, and an active constituent was identified as a single bioactive compound, higenamine 4'-O-β-d-glucoside. Mechanistic studies employing phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitor, AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) inhibitor, or adrenergic receptor antagonist showed that the compound induced its activity through β2-adrenergic receptor...
July 1, 2015: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Huamin Wei, Hongjin Wu, Wen Yu, Xu Yan, Xiaoyu Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shenfu decoction (SFD) is a water extract of the dried root or root stalk of Panax ginseng C. A. Mey (Asian ginseng) and the lateral root of Aconitum carmichaeli Debx (prepared by Fuzi, Heishunpian in Chinese). It has been used to treat heart failure for over a thousand years. The main active components of SFD, ginsenosides and higenamine, enhance heart contractility, increase the coronary blood supply, improve ischemic myocardial metabolism, scavenge free radicals and protect myocardial ultrastructure...
July 1, 2015: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Chao Liu, Chenyu Zhu, Guangsheng Wang, Rui Xu, Yaoming Zhu
INTRODUCTION: Intestinal ischemia and reperfusion (IR) syndrome is a life-threatening dilemma caused by diverse events. Higenamine (HG), an active ingredient of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, has been traditionally used as a heart stimulant and anti-inflammatory agent in oriental countries. But the function of HG on intestine IR injury has never been investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mice underwent a 2 cm midline laparotomy, and the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) was obstructed by micro-vascular clamp to induce intestinal ischemia...
June 2015: Inflammation Research: Official Journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et Al.]
Richard Calvert, Sanah Vohra, Martine Ferguson, Paddy Wiesenfeld
Some dietary supplements may contain cardiac stimulants and potential cardiotoxins. In vitro studies may identify ingredients of concern. A beating human cardiomyocyte cell line was used to evaluate cellular effects following phenylethylamine (PEA), higenamine, ephedrine or caffeine treatment. PEA and higenamine exposure levels simulated published blood levels in humans or animals after intravenous administration. Ephedrine and caffeine levels approximated published blood levels following human oral intake...
April 2015: Food and Chemical Toxicology
R J Bloomer, J M Schriefer, T A Gunnels
OBJECTIVE: Higenamine, an herbal agent also known as norcoclaurine, is thought to stimulate β-androgenic receptors and possess lipolytic activity. It is currently making its way into the dietary supplement market. To our knowledge, no studies have been conducted to determine the safety profile of oral higenamine when used alone and in conjunction with other commonly used lipolytic agents. METHODS: Forty-eight men were assigned to ingest either a placebo, higenamine, caffeine, or higenamine + caffeine + yohimbe bark extract daily for a period of 8 weeks...
October 2015: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Won Sup Lee, Jeong Won Yun, Arulkumar Nagappan, Jing Nan Lu, Min Jeong Kim, Jeong-Hee Lee, Dong Hoon Kim, Yung Hyun Choi, Hye Jung Kim, Ki Churl Chang, Jin-Myung Jung
CKD-712, a newly synthesized tetrahydroisoquinoline (THI) and an enantiomer (S form) of YS 49 (a derivative of higenamine) has been reported to suppress nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) activity in normal cells. In the present study, we investigated the anticancer effects of THI at a low concentration where CKD-712 did not induce cell death in normal cells. At the range of concentrations used, CKD-712 induced cell growth arrest, and inhibited the invasion and motility of A549 cells as determined by cell cycle analysis, a Matrigel-coated chamber assay, and a wound-healing assay, respectively...
March 2015: Oncology Reports
Zhenyu Zhang, Mingchao Li, Yan Wang, Jian Wu, Jiaping Li
Spinal cord injury (SCI) is considered to be primarily associated with loss of motor function and leads to the activation of diverse cellular mechanisms in the central nervous system to attempt to repair the damaged spinal cord tissue. Higenamine (HG) (1-[(4-hydroxyphenyl) methyl]-1,2,3,4-tetrahydroisoquinoline-6,7-diol), an active ingredient of Aconiti Lateralis Radix Praeparata, has been traditionally used as a heart stimulant and anti-inflammatory agent in oriental countries. However, the function and related mechanism of HG on SCI have never been investigated...
December 2014: International Immunopharmacology
Sang-Rok Lee, Johnhenry M Schriefer, Trint A Gunnels, Innocence C Harvey, Richard J Bloomer
BACKGROUND: Higenamine, also known as norcoclaurine, is an herbal constituent thought to act as a beta-2 adrenergic receptor agonist-possibly stimulating lipolysis. It was the purpose of this study to determine the impact of a higenamine-based dietary supplement on plasma free fatty acids and energy expenditure following acute oral ingestion. METHODS: Sixteen healthy subjects (8 men; 26.1 ± 2.5 yrs; 8 women 22.4 ± 3.1 yrs) ingested a dietary supplement containing a combination of higenamine, caffeine (270 mg), and yohimbe bark extract or a placebo, on two separate occasions in a double-blind, randomized, cross-over design, separated by 6-8 days...
2013: Lipids in Health and Disease
Yan-Ling Chen, Xiao-Dong Zhuang, Zhi-Wei Xu, Li-He Lu, Hua-Lei Guo, Wei-Kang Wu, Xin-Xue Liao
Sini decoction is a well-known formula of traditional Chinese medicine, which has been used to treat cardiovascular disease for many years. Previously, we demonstrated that Sini decoction prevented doxorubicin-induced heart failure in vivo. However, its active components are still unclear. Thus, we investigated the active components of Sini decoction and their cardioprotective mechanisms in the in vitro neonatal rat cardiomyocytes and H9c2 cell line models of doxorubicin-induced cytotoxicity. Our results demonstrated that treatment with higenamine or [6]-gingerol increased viability of doxorubicine-injured cardiomyocytes...
2013: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Siwaporn Praman, Michael J Mulvany, David E Williams, Raymond J Andersen, Chaweewan Jansakul
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Tinospora crispa has been used in folkloric medicine for the control of blood pressure. We previously found that an extract of Tinospora crispa and its constituents effect the heart rate and blood pressure in anesthetized rats. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of the Tinospora crispa extract and bioactive components on the rat isolated left atria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Air-dried stems of Tinospora crispa were extracted with water, followed by partitioning with chloroform, ethyl acetate, and finally by n-butanol...
August 26, 2013: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Na Guo, Dawei Yang, Keyume Ablajan, Xiaohong Niu, Bin Fan, Zhiguo Wang, Jingang Dai, Xiaoxia Wu, Baidong Liu
A rapid analytical method based on rapid resolution LC coupled with MS/MS was first established to quantify seven alkaloids in processed Fuzi decoction. The chromatographic method was optimized to allow simultaneous analysis of all analytes in 5 min and demonstrated good linearity (r > 0.9995), repeatability (RSD < 4.36%), intra- and interday precisions (RSD < 5.07%) with good accuracies (97.76-105.08%) and good recovery (95.0-107.5%) of seven alkaloids, namely higenamine, benzoylhypaconine, benzoylmesaconine, benzoylaconine, aconitine, hypaconitine, and mesaconitine...
June 2013: Journal of Separation Science
Fengxia Yu, Lingting Kong, Shujuan Wang
The aim of this study was to explore the mechanism of racemic higenamine in the treatment of sick sinus syndrome (SSS). A total of 40 New Zealand rabbits were randomly divided into normal sinus node and damaged sinus node (SND) groups, and each group was randomly divided into treatment and control groups (n=10). The SND model was established by formaldehyde wet dressing of the sinus node area. The treatment groups were administered an intravenous infusion of 0.04 mg/kg racemic higenamine via the marginal ear vein within 5 min...
February 2013: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Sheng Feng, Ji Jiang, Pei Hu, Jian-yan Zhang, Tao Liu, Qian Zhao, Bi-lu Li
AIM: To investigate the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and safety of higenamine, an active ingredient of Aconite root, in healthy Chinese volunteers. METHODS: Ten subjects received continuous, intravenous infusion of higenamine at gradually escalating doses from 0.5 to 4.0 μg·kg(-1)·min(-1), each dose was given for 3 min. Blood and urine samples were collected at designated time points to measure the concentrations of higenamine. Pharmacodynamics was assessed by measuring the subject's heart rate...
November 2012: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
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