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Waste water carbon

Lucas Lourenço Castiglioni Guidoni, Roger Vasques Marques, Rodrigo Bilhalva Moncks, Fabiana Torma Botelho, Matheus Francisco da Paz, Luciara Bilhalva Corrêa, Érico Kunde Corrêa
The negative environmental impacts associated with home composting may be due to the absence of a defined operation criteria for the degradation process. In addition to the potentially low environmental impact in terms of energy and water usage, which is minimal to the manufacture of the composting unit and avoiding the processing and transportation of waste or byproduct, composting at home can also promote a reduction in the emission of unpleasant gases. The proportion of the food waste and bulking agents in the composting mixture may be decisive to fulfill good practices of waste stabilization...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Souradeep Gupta, Harn Wei Kua, Hui Jun Koh
Landfilling of food waste due to its low recycling rate is raising serious concerns because of associated soil and water contamination, and emission of methane and other greenhouse gases during the degradation process. This paper explores feasibility of using biochar derived from mixed food waste (FWBC), rice waste (RWBC) and wood waste (mixed wood saw dust, MWBC) as carbon sequestering additive in mortar. RWBC is prepared from boiled plain rice, while FWBC is prepared from combination of rice, meat, and vegetables in fixed proportion...
November 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
R Carrey, P Rodríguez-Escales, A Soler, N Otero
Nitrate removal through enhanced biological denitrification (EBD), consisting of the inoculation of an external electron donor, is a feasible solution for the recovery of groundwater quality. In this context, liquid waste from wine industries (wine industry by-products, WIB) may be feasible for use as a reactant to enhance heterotrophic denitrification. To address the feasibility of WIB as electron donor to promote denitrification, as well as to evaluate the role of biomass as a secondary organic C source, a flow-through experiment was carried out...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Nikhilesh S Trivedi, Sachin A Mandavgane, Ashish Chaurasia
Organic matter derived from living, or recently living plant and animal, which can be used as fuel is called as biomass. It includes wood and agricultural waste such as dead plant etc. In India, majority of population depends largely upon agriculture as their primary source of income. Following every harvest, a huge amount of biomass is generated. It is mostly discarded as "agro waste"; however, recently, several uses of biomass and its derivatives have been reported. Thermochemical processing of biomass in absence of oxygen produces biomass char and flue gases which are of economic importance...
November 19, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
James E Hennessy, Melissa J Latter, Somayeh Fazelinejad, Amy Philbrook, Daniel M Bartkus, Hye-Kyung Kim, Hideki Onagi, John G Oakeshott, Colin Scott, Apostolos Alissandratos, Christopher J Easton
Carbamate kinases catalyze the conversion of carbamate to carbamoyl phosphate, which is readily transformed into other compounds. Carbamate forms spontaneously from ammonia and carbon dioxide in aqueous solutions, so the kinases have potential for sequestrative utilization of the latter compounds. Here, we compare seven carbamate kinases from mesophilic, thermophilic and hyperthermophilic sources. In addition to the known enzymes from Enterococcus faecalis and Pyrococcus furiosus, the previously unreported enzymes from the hyperthermophiles Thermococcus sibiricus and Thermococcus barophilus, the thermophiles Fervidobacterium nodosum and Thermosipho melanesiensis, and the mesophile Clostridium tetani, were all expressed recombinantly, each in high yield...
November 17, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Nor Aishah Saidina Amin, Amin Talebian-Kiakalaieh
As the world's second largest palm oil producer and exporter, Malaysia could capitalize on its oil palm biomass waste for power generation. The emission factors from this renewable energy source are far lower than that of fossil fuels. This study applies an integrated carbon accounting and mitigation (INCAM) model to calculate the amount of CO2 emissions from two biomass thermal power plants. The CO2 emissions released from biomass plants utilizing empty fruit bunch (EFB) and palm oil mill effluent (POME), as alternative fuels for powering steam and gas turbines, were determined using the INCAM model...
November 15, 2017: Waste Management
Somayeh Arghavani-Beydokhti, Maryam Rajabi, Alireza Asghari
In this work, a new, simple, rapid, and environmentally friendly method with a high sample clean-up capability termed as centrifugeless ultrasound-assisted dispersive micro solid-phase extraction coupled with salting-out ultrasound-assisted liquid-liquid microextraction based on solidification of a floating organic droplet followed by high performance liquid chromatography is introduced for the first time. In this method, the three non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs diclofenac, ibuprofen, and mefenamic acid are first extracted based on an effective nanoadsorbent named as the layered double hydroxide-carbon nanotube nanohybrid...
January 2, 2018: Analytica Chimica Acta
Alejandra Molano-Triviño, Benjamin Wancjer, Mauro M Neri, Akash N Karopadi, Mitchell Rosner, Claudio Ronco
INTRODUCTION: Hemodialysis (HD) is an expensive therapy in economic and in ecological terms, owing to a high carbon footprint and significant consumption of natural sources, especially water. Our aim was to review strategies to diminish waste of water in maintenance dialysis, exploring previously described water reuse trends and less known strategies for reducing the dialysate flow. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of water-sparing strategies, including the reuse of reverse osmosis rejected water and the reduction of dialysate flux...
November 8, 2017: International Journal of Artificial Organs
Nhamo Chaukura, Welldone Moyo, Bhekie B Mamba, Thabo I Nkambule
Humic acid (HA) is a major constituent of natural organic matter (NOM) found in water systems. Although NOM generally does not have any known harmful effects to humans, it imparts repulsive organoleptic properties to water, reacts with disinfectants to produce toxic products, and interferes with the efficiency of water treatment processes. The removal of NOM and related compounds from water is therefore important to render water potable and suitable for other applications. In this work, a hitherto unreported carbonaceous conjugated microporous polymer (CCMP) prepared through the organic-polymeric-precursor-controlled carbonization of hypercrosslinked post-consumer waste polystyrene (WPS) was evaluated for its capacity to remove HA from synthetic wastewater...
November 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
A K Singh Deb, S Pahan, K Dasgupta, S Panja, A K Debnath, P S Dhami, Sk M Ali, C P Kaushik, J S Yadav
The manuscript presents the results on the sorption of U(VI), Am(III) & Eu(III) from pH medium by a novel amido-amine functionalized multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT). The novel functional group was introduced in the MWCNT by two step processes and characterized by various instrumental techniques like Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Raman and X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS). The sorption process was found to be highly dependent on the pH of the solution with maximum sorption for both 233U, 241Am & 152+154Eu at pH 7...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Xiaole Zhang, Weijie Wang, Yijiang Zhang, Tao Zeng, Changhong Jia, Lixin Chang
In this article, Cu-doped magnesium oxide was loaded onto the surface of Fe3O4 magnetic nanoparticles via a hydrophilic carbon intermediate layer to synthesize Fe3O4@C@MgO-Cu magnetic composite. The potential application as disinfectant in water purification was investigated by examining the antibacterial activity of the Fe3O4@C@MgO-Cu composite toward Gram negative Escherichia coli and Gram positive Staphylococcus aureus. The practical bactericidal efficiency in inactivation experiment was also studied and the copper doping amount was optimized...
November 3, 2017: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Lea Piscitelli, Pierre-Adrien Rivier, Donato Mondelli, Teodoro Miano, Erik J Joner
Green roofs are used increasingly to alleviate peaks of water discharge into the sewage systems in urban areas. Surface runoff from roofs contain pollutants from dry and wet deposition, and green roofs offer a possibility to reduce the amounts of pollutants in the water discharged from roofs by degradation and filtering. These pollutants would otherwise enter wastewater treatments plants and ultimately end up in sewage sludge that is spread on agricultural soils. The most common substrates used in green roofs have limited capacity for filtration and sorption...
November 7, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Marina Vlasova, Abigail Parra Parra, Pedro Antonio Márquez Aguilar, Ariadna Trujillo Estrada, Veronica González Molina, Mykola Kakazey, Tamara Tomila, Virginia Gómez-Vidales
The recycling of waste activated sludge (WAS) formed in the process of biological purification of sewage is an urgent ecological problem. In the present work, two ways of recycling of WAS containing from 8 to 30% free water, namely, the synthesis of a carbon-containing component and synthesis of porous building ceramics (bricks) with the use of WAS and waste carbonizate, have been considered. For the preparation of a carbon adsorbent, the carbonization of WAS has been carried out in an argon atmosphere. For the synthesis of ceramics, clay-cullet-tezontle-WAS mixtures with different contents of the components have been used...
November 4, 2017: Waste Management
Obidjon Kodirov, Michael Kersten, Nosir Shukurov, Francisco José Martín Peinado
The assessment of potential trace metal(loid) contamination in tailing dumps and soils was characterized in the Chadak mining area (Uzbekistan). Concentrations of trace elements (V, Cr, Co, Ni, Cu, Zn, As, Cd, Sb, Pb) were determined by X-ray fluorescence analysis and compared with background and intervention values (IV). The concentrations of As, Zn, Sb, and Pb were higher in the abandoned than in the active tailing dump, ranging from 42-1689mg/kg for As, 73-332mg/kg for Zn, 14-1507mg/kg for Sb, and 27-386mg/kg for Pb...
October 27, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
Renganath Rao Ramesh, Vimudha Muralidharan, Saravanan Palanivel
Usage of the animal fleshing waste as the source of carbon and nitrogen for animal skin unhairing protease (EC 3.4.21) production along with agro-industrial wastes like wheat bran has been investigated. Thermal hydrolysis of delimed fleshing waste for 3 h yielded a fleshing hydrolysate (FH) having a protein content of 20.86 mg/mL and total solids of 46,600 ppm. The FH was lyophilized and spray dried to obtain fleshing hydrolysate powder (FHP) to be used along with wheat bran and rice bran for protease production...
November 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
J G Murnane, O Fenton, M G Healy
This study aimed to quantify leaching losses of nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P) and carbon (C), as well as carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) emissions from stored slurry, and from packed soil columns surface applied with unamended and chemically amended dairy and pig slurries, and dairy soiled water (DSW). The amendments to the slurries, which were applied individually and together, were: polyaluminum chloride (PAC) and zeolite for pig and dairy slurry, and liquid aluminium sulfate (alum) and zeolite for DSW...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
Qinghai Li, Fuxin Li, Aihong Meng, Zhongchao Tan, Yanguo Zhang
The rapid growth of waste tires has become a serious environmental issue. Energy and material recovery is regarded as a promising use for waste tires. Thermolysis of scrap tire (ST), natural rubber (NR), and styrene-butadiene rubber (SBR) was carried out in subcritical and supercritical water using a temperature-pressure independent adjustable batch tubular reactor. As a result, oil yields increased as temperature and pressure increased, and they reached maximum values as the state of water was near the critical point...
October 25, 2017: Waste Management
Su Yean Ong, Hui-Pheng Kho, Sebastian L Riedel, Seok-Won Kim, Chee-Yuen Gan, Todd D Taylor, Kumar Sudesh
Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are produced in microbes as a source of carbon and energy storage. They are biodegradable and have properties similar to synthetic plastics, which make them an interesting alternative to petroleum-based plastics. In this study, a refined method of recovering PHA from Cupriavidus necator biomass was proposed by incorporating the use of the yellow mealworm (the larval phase of the mealworm beetle, Tenebrio molitor) as partial purification machinery, followed by washing of the fecal pellets with distilled water and sodium hydroxide...
October 31, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
A Pramanik, S Biswas, P Kumbhakar
Recently studies on synthesis and fluorescence based sensing in biocompatible carbon quantum dots (CQDs) have become a widely spoken topic of research due to the several advantageous properties of CQDs in compared to semiconductor quantum dots. In this work, we have reported the rarely reported solvatochromism along-with a high photoluminescence (PL) quantum yield (PLQY) of 22%. Samples have been synthesized by using a simple process of hydrothermal carbonization of a naturally occurring bio-waste i.e. Aegle marmelos leaves powder...
October 21, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Qin Chen, Wenhong Pu, Huijie Hou, Jingping Hu, Bingchuan Liu, Jianfeng Li, Kai Cheng, Long Huang, Xiqing Yuan, Changzhu Yang, Jiakuan Yang
Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are promising biotechnologies tool to harvest electricity by decomposing organic matter in waste water, and the anode material is a critical factor in determining the performance of MFCs. In this study, chestnut shell is proposed as a novel anode material with mesoporous and microporous structure prepared via a simple carbonization procedure followed by an activation process. The chemical activation process successfully modified the macroporous structure, created more mesoporous and microporous structure and decreased the O-content and pyridinic/pyrrolic N groups on the biomass anode, which were beneficial for improving charge transfer efficiency between the anode surface and microbial biofilm...
October 16, 2017: Bioresource Technology
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